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1.
Front Mol Biosci ; 9: 887887, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36090038

RESUMO

Intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (IPMN) is a common pancreatic precancerous lesion, with increasing incidence in recent years. However, the mechanisms of IPMN progression into invasive cancer remain unclear. The mRNA expression data of IPMN/PAAD patients were extracted from the TCGA and GEO databases. First, based on GSE19650, we analyzed the molecular alterations, tumor stemness, immune landscape, and transcriptional regulation of IPMN progression. The results indicated that gene expression changed dramatically, specifically at the intraductal papillary-mucinous adenoma (IPMA) stage. Gene ontology (GO), Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG), and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (GSEA) pathway analyses showed that glycoprotein-related, cell cycle, and P53 pathways displayed the most significant changes during progression. With IPMN progression, tumor stemness increased continuously, and KRAS, ERBB3, RUNX1, and ELF3 are essential driver genes affecting tumor stemness. Motif analysis suggested that KLF4 may be a specific transcription factor that regulates gene expression in the IPMA stage, while MYB and MYBL1 control gene expression in the IPMC and invasive stages, respectively. Then, GSE19650 and GSE71729 transcriptome data were combined to perform the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) method and Cox regression analysis to develop an 11-gene prediction model (KCNK1, FHL2, LAMC2, CDCA7, GPX3, C7, VIP, HBA1, BTG2, MT1E, and LYVE1) to predict the prognosis of pancreatic cancer patients. The reliability of the model was validated in the GSE71729 and TCGA databases. Finally, 11 additional IPMN patients treated in our hospital were included, and the immune microenvironment changes during IPMN progression were analyzed by immunohistochemistry (IHC). IHC results suggest that Myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) and macrophages may be key in the formation of immunosuppressive microenvironment of IPMN progression. Our study deepens our understanding of IPMN progression, especially the changes in the immune microenvironment. The findings of this work may contribute to the development of new therapeutic strategies for IPMN.

2.
Front Vet Sci ; 9: 984607, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36090174

RESUMO

Staphylococcus aureus is one of the most important pathogens causing mastitis in dairy cows. It mainly utilizes the properties of its pathogenic factor, lipoteichoic acid (LTA), to elicit a host-cell inflammatory response and evade the host-cell immune response. Arachidonic acid (AA) has a regulatory role in the inflammatory response, cell metabolism, and apoptosis. The study aimed to establish a cell model by determining the optimal concentration of LTA and AA for cell induction using the Cell Counting Kit-8 assay and the quantitative polymerase chain reaction of interleukin (IL)-1ß, IL-2, and IL-6. MAC-T cells were planted in 36 10-cm2 culture dishes at a density of 1 × 107 cells per dish. They were treated with LTA for 24 h to constitute the LTA group and with AA for 12 h to constitute the AA group. The cells were pretreated with LTA for 24 h followed by treatment with AA for 12 h to constitute the LTA + AA group. Using proteomic, transcriptomic, and metabolomic analyses, this study determined that LTA can regulate the expression of Actin Related protein 2/3 complex (ARPC)3, ARPC4, Charged Multivesicular Body Protein 3, protein kinase cGMP-dependent, NF-κB Inhibitor Alpha,and other genes to affect cellular metabolism, immune regulation and promote apoptosis. In contrast, AA was observed to regulate the expression of genes such as ARPC3, ARPC4, Charged Multivesicular Body Protein 3, Laminin Gamma 1, Insulin Receptor, Filamin B, and Casein Kinase 1 Epsilon to inhibit cellular apoptosis and promote immune regulation, which provides a theoretical basis for future studies.

3.
RSC Adv ; 12(36): 23466-23480, 2022 Aug 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36090443

RESUMO

Garnet-based solid-state electrolytes (SSEs) represent a promising class of materials for next-generation batteries with improved safety and performance. However, lack of control over the composition and crystal structure of the well-known Li7La3Zr2O12 (LLZO) garnet material has led to poor reproducibility with a wide range of ionic conductivities reported in the literature. In this study, the role of precursor homogeneity in controlling the compositional and structural evolution of Al-doped LLZO is explored. A novel solution-based synthesis approach is employed to demonstrate enhanced atomic-scale mixing of the starting materials in comparison to conventional solid-state preparation methods. Through this technique, it is shown that the stability and formation temperature of the highly conductive cubic phase is directly impacted by the spatial distribution of the doping element and reactant species in the precursor mixture. Precursor homogeneity was also an important factor in mitigating the formation of unwanted secondary impurities. These findings can be used to guide the synthesis of SSEs with reproducible material characteristics and enhanced electrolytic performance.

4.
Sports Med Health Sci ; 4(3): 160-171, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36090918

RESUMO

A Chinese Compilation of Physical Activities was compiled to estimate the energy costs of physical activities (PAs) using data on adults aged 18-64. Data were obtained from published articles and laboratory measurements. Databases, including PubMed, Embase, Scopus, Ebsco, Web of Science, Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wan Fang Data, National Science and Technology Report Service, Public Health Scientific Data were searched to collect data from inception to January 2022, on energy expenditure associated with PA in the healthy Chinese population. Two reviewers independently screened the literature and extracted, classified, and summarized data. Data were measured for 36 PAs using indirect calorimetry. Detailed descriptions of specific activities and metabolic equivalent values were provided by summarizing 241 physical activities in 13 categories. The first edition of the Chinese Compilation of PAs in Healthy Adults Aged 18-64(CCPA) was created. It provides valuable resources for people who regularly engage in physical exercise, researchers, educators, fitness professionals, and health or commercial sectors to quickly obtain various PA MET intensities. In the future, the energy expenditure of various PAs of different ages within the Chinese population can be measured based on the CCPA.

5.
Mediators Inflamm ; 2022: 6561048, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36091667

RESUMO

Bronchial asthma (BA) is a chronic inflammatory disease of the airway. Previous research has shown that Yanghe Pingchuan granules (YPGs) exert a precise therapeutic effect on BA. In our previous work, we showed that YPGs improved inflammation of the airways in rat models of BA. Other studies have shown that the pathogenesis of BA is closely related to pyroptosis and that the TOLL-like receptor pathway plays a key role in the mediation of pyroptosis. Therefore, in the present study, we established a rat model of BA by applying the concept of pyroptosis and used the TLR4/NF-κB/NRLP3 signaling pathway as the target and YPGs as the treatment method. We evaluated the effects of YPGs on airway inflammation and pyroptosis in the model rats by HE staining, Masson's staining, AP-PAS staining, western blotting, and real-time quantitative PCR. The results showed that Yanghe Pingchuan granules could significantly improve the inflammatory response of bronchial tissue in BA rats, reduce the content of inflammatory factors IL-1ß and IL-18, and inhibit the expression of pyroptosis factor. Meanwhile, YPG can block the TLR4/NF-κB signaling pathway. These findings suggest that YPG may be an effective drug for the treatment of BA by blocking the TLR4/NF-κB signaling pathway and inhibiting pyroptosis.


Assuntos
Asma , NF-kappa B , Animais , Asma/tratamento farmacológico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Piroptose , Ratos , Transdução de Sinais , Receptor 4 Toll-Like/metabolismo
6.
J Gastrointest Oncol ; 13(4): 2048-2056, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36092335

RESUMO

Background and Objective: The incidence and mortality of pancreatic cancer (PC) have increased in recent years. The current status of PC diagnosis and treatment remains grim in clinical practice because the commonly used early screening tools are not sufficient. Improving the early detection of PC and strengthening standardized comprehensive treatment remain the focus of PC research. Many studies have shown that micro RNAs (miRNAs) play an important role in the occurrence, development, and treatment of PC. It is expected that miRNAs will become new molecular markers of PC. Methods: We extracted and compiled useful information from the PubMed database that met our criteria for analyzing PC diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis. Key Content and Findings: In this narrative review, we summarize the mechanism of some miRNAs in the occurrence and development of PC and review them as potential markers for the diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis of PC. The function of miRNAs in PC has great potential in studying the pathogenesis of PC. The discovery of many important oncogenic miRNAs and their downstream targets will bring new ideas and research paths for the diagnosis and targeted therapy of PC. Conclusions: MiRNAs are expected to provide novel ideas and research directions for the diagnosis and targeted treatment of PC. However, more patient data and clinical trials are needed before miRNAs can become novel molecular markers for PC.

7.
Int J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis ; 17: 2093-2106, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36092968

RESUMO

Purpose: There is an unmet clinical need for an accurate and objective diagnostic tool for early detection of acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD). DETECT (NCT03556475) was a multicenter, observational, cross-sectional study aiming to develop and validate multivariable prediction models for AECOPD occurrence and severity in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in China. Patients and Methods: Patients aged ≥40 years with moderate/severe COPD, AECOPD, or no COPD were consecutively enrolled between April 22, 2020, and January 18, 2021, across seven study sites in China. Multivariable prediction models were constructed to identify AECOPD occurrence (primary outcome) and AECOPD severity (secondary outcome). Candidate variables were selected using a stepwise procedure, and the bootstrap method was used for internal model validation. Results: Among 299 patients enrolled, 246 were included in the final analysis, of whom 30.1%, 40.7%, and 29.3% had COPD, AECOPD, or no COPD, respectively. Mean age was 64.1 years. Variables significantly associated with AECOPD occurrence (P<0.05) and severity (P<0.05) in the final models included COPD disease-related characteristics, as well as signs and symptoms. Based on cut-off values of 0.374 and 0.405 for primary and secondary models, respectively, the performance of the primary model constructed to identify AECOPD occurrence (AUC: 0.86; sensitivity: 0.84; specificity: 0.77), and of the secondary model for AECOPD severity (AUC: 0.81; sensitivity: 0.90; specificity: 0.73) indicated high diagnostic accuracy and clinical applicability. Conclusion: By leveraging easy-to-collect patient and disease data, we developed identification tools that can be used for timely detection of AECOPD and its severity. These tools may help physicians diagnose AECOPD in a timely manner, before further disease progression and possible hospitalizations.


Assuntos
Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Progressão da Doença , Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/diagnóstico , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/epidemiologia , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/terapia
8.
Radiology ; : 212951, 2022 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36098643

RESUMO

Background Double reading can be used in screening mammography, but it is labor intensive. There is limited evidence on whether trained radiographers (ie, technologists) may be used to provide double reading. Purpose To compare the performance of radiologists and radiographers double reading screening mammograms, considering reader experience level. Materials and Methods In this retrospective study, performance and experience data were obtained for radiologists and radiographer readers of all screening mammograms in England from April 2015 to March 2016. Cancer detection rate (CDR), recall rate (RR), and positive predictive value (PPV) of recall based on biopsy-proven findings were calculated for first readers. Performance metrics were analyzed according to reader professional group and years of reading experience using the analysis of variance test. P values less than .05 were considered to indicate statistically significant difference. Results During the study period, 401 readers (224 radiologists and 177 radiographers) double read 1 404 395 screening digital mammograms. There was no difference in CDR between radiologist and radiographer readers (mean, 7.84 vs 7.53 per 1000 examinations, respectively; P = .08) and no difference for readers with more than 10 years of experience compared with 5 years or fewer years of experience, regardless of professional group (mean, 7.75 vs 7.71 per 1000 examinations respectively, P = .87). No difference in the mean RR was observed between radiologists and radiographer readers (5.0% vs 5.2%, respectively, P = .63). A lower RR was seen for readers with more than 10 years of experience compared with 5 years or fewer, regardless of professional group (mean, 4.8% vs 5.8%, respectively; P = .001). No variation in PPV was observed between them (P = .42), with PPV values of 17.1% for radiologists versus 16.1% for radiographers. A higher PPV was seen for readers with more than 10 years of experience compared with 5 years or less, regardless of professional group (mean, 17.5% and 14.9%, respectively; P = .02). Conclusion No difference in performance was observed between radiographers and radiologists reading screening mammograms in a program that used double reading. Published under a CC BY 4.0 license Online supplemental material is available for this article. See also the editorial by Hooley and Durand in this issue.

9.
Brain Behav ; : e2770, 2022 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36098663

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To understand the related risk factors of occurrence and recurrence of hypertension and provide scientific basis for relevant departments to better guide prevention and control work. METHODS: From September 2017 to September 2018, a prospective follow-up study was performed on patients with hypertension who visited the Second People's Hospital of Wuhu City, Anhui Province. Multivariate Cox regression was used to analyze influencing factors of stroke occurrence and recurrence in follow-up of hypertensive patients. RESULTS: A total of 769 hypertensive patients were enrolled in this study. The average age of hypertensive patients was 65.66 ± 11.70 years old and the BMI index was 24.99 ± 4.17. In this study, 769 patients with hypertension were followed up for 1 year, and the incidence of stroke was 14.69%. This study found that higher levels of blood glucose (RR = 2.027, 95% CI: 1.195-3.438), HCY (RR = 5.928,95% CI: 1.438-24.440), aggravated extent of carotid artery stenosis (RR = 2.620, 95% CI: 1.532-4.481), and drinking (RR = 3.867, 95% CI: 2.038-7.339) were risk factors, and maintaining exercise (RR = 0.325, 95% CI: 0.117-0.907) was a protective factor for stroke occurrence; however, aggravated extent of carotid artery stenosis (RR = 3.158, 95% CI: 1.797-5.550) and smoking (RR = 2.271, 95% CI: 1.142-4.517) were risk factors for stroke recurrence for hypertensive patients. CONCLUSIONS: For people with high blood pressure, it is necessary to exercise properly, control body weight, avoid obesity, quit smoking, reduce alcohol consumption, and reasonably control blood pressure, blood sugar, and blood lipid.

10.
Seizure ; 101: 205-210, 2022 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36084526

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: It has been suggested that asymmetric hypsarrhythmia is associated with structural etiology. We devised the Hypsarrhythmic Asymmetric Scoring Scheme (HASS) to quantify the degree of hypsarrhythmic asymmetry in a retrospective series of patients who underwent surgical treatment at our center. The present study aimed to investigate the role of HASS in predicting the postsurgical seizure outcomes. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the records of 46 children with hypsarrhythmia who underwent resective epilepsy surgery between 2018 and 2020 and were followed up for at least 1 year after surgery. Hypsarrhythmia severity in each hemisphere was quantified and scored. The HASS score was calculated as the difference between the two hemispheres. Univariate results were submitted to logistic regression models to identify independent predictors for favorable surgical outcomes. RESULTS: Of the 46 patients who underwent resective surgery, Engel's class I-Ⅱ outcomes were achieved in 34 (73.9%). The Engel I-Ⅱ group had a significantly higher HASS score than the Engel Ⅲ-Ⅳ group (p<0.001). Multivariate analysis showed that the HASS score was the only significant predictor of good outcomes (p = 0.011). Further receiver operating characteristic analysis showed that a threshold of 7 yielded a better seizure outcome with a sensitivity of 97.06% and specificity of 83.33%. SIGNIFICANCE: As the first hypsarrhythmia scoring system specially designed for presurgical evaluation, the HASS score may contribute to predicting the postsurgical seizure outcome from the electroencephalography perspective.

11.
Seizure ; 101: 218-224, 2022 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36087422

RESUMO

Purpose The voltage-gated potassium channel Kv3.2, encoded by KCNC2, facilitates fast-spiking GABAergic interneurons to fire action potentials at high frequencies. It is pivotal to maintaining excitation/inhibition balance in mammalian brains. This study identified two novel de novo KCNC2 variants, p.Pro470Ser (P470S) and p.Phe382Leu (F382L), in patients with early onset developmental and epileptic encephalopathy (DEE). Methods To examine the molecular basis of DEE, we studied the functional characteristics of variant channels using patch-clamp techniques and computational modeling. Results Whole-cell patch clamp recordings from infected HEK293 cells revealed that channel activation and deactivation kinetics strongly decreased in both Kv3.2 P470S and F382L variant channels. This decrease also occurred in Kv3.2 p.Val471Leu (V471L) channels, known to be associated with DEE. In addition, Kv3.2 F382L and V471L variants exhibited a significant increase in channel conductance and a ∼20 mV negative shift in the threshold for voltage-dependent activation. Simulations of model GABAergic interneurons revealed that all variants decreased neuronal firing frequency. Thus, the variants' net loss-of-function effects disinhibited neural networks. Conclusion Our findings provide compelling evidence supporting the role of KCNC2 as a disease-causing gene in human neurodevelopmental delay and epilepsy.

12.
ACS Nano ; 2022 Sep 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36121352

RESUMO

The study of exotic superconductivity in two dimensions has been a central theme in the solid state and materials research communities. Experimentally exploring and identifying exotic, fascinating interface superconductors with a high transition temperature (Tc) are challenging. Here, we report an experimental observation of intriguing two-dimensional superconductivity with a Tc of up to 3.8 K at the interface between a Mott insulator Ti2O3 and polar semiconductor GaN. At the verge of superconductivity, we also observe a striking quantum metallic-like state, demonstrating that it is a precursor to the two-dimensional superconductivity as the temperature is decreased. Our work shows an exciting opportunity to exploit the underlying, emergent quantum phenomena at the heterointerfaces via heterostructure engineering.

13.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 75: 128978, 2022 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36089111

RESUMO

Based on our previous work, a series of novel 6-arylamino-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyridine derivatives were synthesized, and evaluated for antiproliferative activities. SAR studies revealed that inserting an amino linkage between 6­aryl group and [1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyridine core led to amuch broaderantitumorspectrum, and the most promising compound 8 l exerted potent andbroad-spectrum antiproliferative activity toward HeLa, HCT116, MCF-7, and A549 cell lines, with IC50 values in the micromolar range of 5.98-12.58 µM, which were more active than the positive control 5-FU. The mechanism investigation illustrated that 8 l dose-dependently caused cell cycle arrest at the G2/M phase, and induced cell apoptosis in HeLa cells. Consequently, these findings suggest the 6-arylamino-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyridines afford significant potential for the discovery of a new highly efficient anticancer agents.

14.
Cell Signal ; : 110474, 2022 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36126794

RESUMO

Multiple myeloma (MM) is one of the most common tumors of the hematological system and remains incurable. Recent studies have shown that long noncoding RNA NORAD is a potential oncogene in a variety of tumors. However, the general biological role and clinical value of NORAD in MM remains unknown. In this study, we measured NORAD expression in bone marrow of 60 newly diagnosed MM, 30 post treatment MM and 17 healthy donors by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR). The NORAD gene was knockdown by lentiviral transfection in MM cell lines, and the effects of NORAD on apoptosis, cell cycle and cell proliferation in MM cells were examined by flow cytometry, CCK8 assay, EDU assay and Western blot, and the differential genes after knockdown of NORAD were screened by mRNA sequencing, followed by in vivo experiments and immunohistochemical assays. We found that knockdown of NORAD promoted MM cell apoptosis, induced cell cycle G1 phase arrest, and inhibited MM cell apoptosis in in vivo and in vitro experiments. Mechanistically, NORAD plays these roles through the BMP6/P-ERK1/2 axis. We discuss a novel mechanism by which NORAD acts pro-tumorigenically in MM via the BMP6/P-ERK1/2 axis.

15.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 2022 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36127507

RESUMO

Aversive emotion of opioid withdrawal generates motivational state leading to compulsive drug seeking and taking. Kappa opioid receptor (KOR) and its endogenous ligand dynorphin have been shown to participate in the regulation of aversive emotion. In the present study, we investigated the role of dynorphin/KOR system in the aversive emotion following opioid withdrawal in acute morphine-dependent mice. We found that blockade of KORs before pairing by intracerebroventricular injection of KOR antagonist norBNI (20, 40 µg) attenuated the development of morphine withdrawal-induced conditioned place aversion (CPA) behavior. We further found that morphine withdrawal increased dynorphin A expression in the dorsal hippocampus, but not in the amygdala, prefrontal cortex, nucleus accumbens, and thalamus. Microinjection of norBNI (20 µg) into the dorsal hippocampus significantly decreased morphine withdrawal-induced CPA behavior. We further found that p38 MAPK was significantly activated in the dorsal hippocampus after morphine withdrawal, and the activation of p38 MAPK was blocked by pretreatment with norBNI. Accordingly, microinjection of p38 MAPK inhibitor SB203580 (5 µg) into the dorsal hippocampus significantly decreased morphine withdrawal-produced CPA behavior. This study demonstrates that upregulation of dynorphin/KOR system in the dorsal hippocampus plays a critical role in the formation of aversive emotion associated with morphine withdrawal, suggesting that KOR antagonists may have therapeutic value for the treatment of opioid withdrawal-induced mood-related disorders.

16.
Chin Herb Med ; 14(1): 125-129, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36120129

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the analgesic substances in the aerial part of Urtica fissa (Urticae Fissae Herba), commonly used for rheumatoid and rheumatism arthritis. Methods: The analgesic constituents were isolated with the active guidance of hot plate and acetic acid writhing models, and identified by comprehensive spectroscopic analysis. Results: Thirteen alkaloids (1-13), two lignans (14, 15), and three amides (16-18) were isolated from the active fractions. Among them, compound 1 was a new alkaloid, and compound 6 was a new natural product. The activity evaluation in vivo indicated that various pyrrole alkaloids (1, 3, 6, and 12) possessed significant analgesic activities, they could significantly inhibit the mice pain response induced by acetic acid and hot plate at the dosage of 2 mg/kg BW. Conclusion: The study revealed that the pyrrole alkaloids played important roles in the analgesic activities of Urticae Fissae Herba.

17.
Am J Cardiol ; 2022 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36123171

RESUMO

Calf deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is common in patients with hip fractures. However, studies on whether calf DVT has an impact on the prognosis are limited. This retrospective cohort study explored the association between calf DVT and 30-day and 90-day all-cause mortality in older patients with hip fractures. A total of 564 consecutive patients who underwent ultrasound examination were identified from our hip fracture database and categorized into patients with calf DVT (axial DVT, muscular DVT) and no DVT. Of these, 86 patients (15.2%) had ultrasound-confirmed calf DVT, including 66 patients with muscular DVT, and 20 patients with axial DVT. The 30-day and 90-day all-cause mortality were 2.5% and 6.0%, respectively. Multivariate Cox analysis showed that calf DVT was significantly associated with an increased risk of 30-day mortality (hazard ratio [HR] 3.21, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.05 to 9.84, p = 0.04), but this risk relationship did not persist at 90-day follow-up (HR 1.59, 95% CI 0.69 to 3.71, p = 0.28). When calf DVT was further categorized, muscular DVT remained an independent risk factor for 30-day mortality (HR 3.95, 95% CI 1.18 to 13.15, p = 0.03), whereas this relationship was not found in axial DVT (HR 1.79, 95% CI 0.21 to 15.02, p = 0.59). In conclusion, calf DVT, especially muscular calf DVT but not axial DVT, is independently associated with an increased risk of 30-day mortality in older patients with hip fracture, but this risk relationship did not persist at 90-day follow-up.

18.
Histol Histopathol ; : 18519, 2022 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36125054

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Circular RNAs (circRNAs) possess key functions in the pathogenesis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Nonetheless, the actions of individual circRNAs in HCC remain undefined. METHODS: circ_0031242, miR-944, and MAD2L1 expression were quantified by qRT-PCR. Transwell assay was utilized to examine cell invasion and migration. Glucose consumption and lactate production were measured to assess the impact on glycolysis. The relationships among circ_0031242, MAD2L1, and miR-944 were examined via luciferase reporter assay. RESULTS: circ_0031242 was notably augmented in HCC. Loss of function of circ_0031242 hindered cell proliferation, invasion, migration, glycolysis, and promoted apoptosis, as well as impeding HCC tumor growth. circ_0031242 directly targeted miR-944. Inhibition of miR-944 counteracted the effects of si-circ_0031242 on HCC cells. Additionally, miR-944 was proved to directly target MAD2L1 in HCC cells. Moreover, the promotion of MAD2L1 was able to rescue the inhibition of high miR-944 expression on HCC cell progression. Meanwhile, circ_0031242 involved the post-transcriptional modulation of MAD2L1 through miR-944. CONCLUSION: This study suggested that circ_0031242 regulated tumor cell progression and tumor growth through the miR-944/MAD2L1 axis in HCC.

19.
Nat Prod Res ; : 1-9, 2022 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36125431

RESUMO

A new drimane sesquiterpene 11-methoxyl-danilol (1) was obtained from endophytic fungus Nigrospora chinensis of Gannan navel orange pulp. Its structure was established to possess a natural rarely-occurring tricyclic acetal fused ring system by means of spectroscopic data analyses. Meanwhile, five known compounds danilol (2), redoxcitrinin (3), euphorbol (4), ergosta-7,24(24')-dien-3ß-ol (5), and ergosta-4,6,8(14),22-tetraen-3-one (6) were also co-isolated in this fungus. The results of antibacterial and cytotoxic activity screenings showed that compound 5 displayed antibacterial activities against Staphylococcus aureus and MRSA (methicillin-resistant S. aureus) with MIC value of 50 µg/mL.

20.
J Food Biochem ; : e14428, 2022 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36125796

RESUMO

Biochanin A (Bio-A), an isoflavone abundant in chickpeas, possesses hypoglycemic, hypolipidemic, and anti-inflammatory effects. However, whether Bio-A has antihepatosteatosis effect remains unclear. This study aimed to evaluate the antihepatosteatosis effect of Bio-A on oleate (OA)-treated hepatocytes, and explore the underlying mechanism. When incubated with OA for 24 h, HepG2 cells were treated with various concentrations of Bio-A for 24 h to obtain an optimal antihepatosteatosis dose. HepG2 cells were treated with the AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) inhibitor Compound C, or the sirtuin-3 (SIRT3) inhibitor 3-TYP, and incubated with 50 µM Bio-A. The results indicated that 12.6% of lipid content, particularly 11.0% of triglyceride content, and the expression of adipocyte differentiation-related protein were significantly decreased in Bio-A-treated hepatosteatosis cells, followed by an increase in the expression of Beclin 1, phosphorylation of Unc-51-like kinase 1 (ULK-1), the microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3 (LC3)-II/LC3-I ratio, and a decrease in expression of p62. The results indicated that Bio-A upregulated autophagosome formation and autophagy flux. In addition, Bio-A increased SIRT3 expression and AMPK phosphorylation in OA-treated HepG2 cells. Blockade of AMPK and SIRT3 blocked the antihepatosteatosis effect and ULK-1 activation by Bio-A. AMPK inhibition did not eliminate the activation of SIRT3 by Bio-A. AutoDock analysis demonstrated that interaction might exist between Bio-A and SIRT3. In conclusion, Bio-A reduced fat accumulation in OA-treated HepG2 cells by activating SIRT3/AMPK/ULK-1-mediated autophagy. The findings provide a theoretical basis for the effect of Bio-A on hepatic steatosis-related diseases. PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS: This study highlights the antihepatosteatosis effects of biochanin A (Bio-A) on oleate (OA)-treated hepatocytes. Bio-A, one of the isoflavones in Cicer arietinum Linn., possesses multiple bioactivities such as antiobesity, anti-inflammation, and hypoglycemic and hypolipidemic effects. This study provides a new application of Bio-A to treat hepatic steatosis, and revealed the underlying mechanism of Bio-A involved in the activation of the SIRT3/AMPK/ULK-1-mediated autophagy. The findings provide a theoretical basis for the application of Bio-A to hepatic steatosis-related diseases.

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