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1.
J Pharm Biomed Anal ; 177: 112837, 2020 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31493746

RESUMO

The ambiguity of dose-effect relationship of many traditional Chinese medicines (TCMs) has always influenced their rational use in TCM clinic. Rhubarb, a preferred representative of cathartic TCM, is currently widely used that results in a diversity of its dosage. The aim of this study was to use an integrated metabolomics strategy to simultaneously reveal dose-effect relationship and therapeutic mechanisms of different efficacy of rhubarb in constipation rats. Six doses of rhubarb (0.135, 0.27, 0.81, 1.35, 4.05, and 8.1 g/kg) were examined to elucidate the laxative and fire-purging effects by pathological sections and UPLC-Q-TOF/MSE. The results showed that there existed serious lesions in the stomach and colon of model rats. And conditions were basically improved to some extent in rhubarb-treated groups. Through relative distance calculation based on metabolomics score plots, it suggested that the effective dose threshold (EC20-EC80 range) of rhubarb was from 0.31 to 4.5 g/kg (corresponding to 3.44-50.00 g in the clinic) in rat serum and 0.29-2.1 g/kg (corresponding to 3.22-23.33 g in the clinic) in feces. Then, 33 potential biomarkers were identified in total. Functional pathway analysis revealed that the alterations of these biomarkers were associated with 15 metabolic pathways, mainly including arachidonic acid metabolism, glycerophospholipid metabolism, steroid biosynthesis, primary bile acid biosynthesis and sphingolipid metabolism. Of note, different doses of rhubarb could alleviate endogenous disorders to varying degrees through regulating multiple perturbed pathways to the normal state, which might be in a dose-dependent manner and involved in therapeutic mechanisms. To sum up, integrated serum and fecal metabolomics obtained that rhubarb ranging from 0.31 to 2.1 g/kg is safe and effective for constipation treatment. Also, our findings showed that the robust metabolomics techniques would be promising to be more accurately used in the dose-effect studies of complex TCM, and to clarify syndrome pathogenesis and action mechanisms in Chinese medicine.

2.
J Pharm Biomed Anal ; 177: 112873, 2020 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31539711

RESUMO

A rapid, sensitive and convenient analytical method of ultra-performance liquid chromatography coupled with triple-quadrupole linear ion-trap tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-QTRAP®/MS2) was proposed for the simultaneous determination of characteristic alkaline and acidic components covering many structure types including alkaloids, phenolic acids, phenylpropanoids and flavonoids in Leonurus japonicus Houtt. (LJ). The proposed method was first reported and validated by assessing the matrix effects, linearity, limit of detections, limit of quantifications, precision, repeatability, stability and recovery of target components. The developed UPLC-QTRAP®/MS2 was successfully applied to simultaneously determine all target compounds in 38 batches of LJ from 11 different producing regions in China and five organs (including root, caulis, branch, flower and leaf) of LJ from the same stand planting base in Jiangsu Province (China). The result showed that LJ in different regions with different geographical position would affect the accumulation of different compounds, and the significant discrepancies of some target compounds were also observed in different organs of LJ due to different biosynthetic pathway and enzymes in different organs. Furthermore, both hierarchical clustering analysis and principal components analysis were performed to classify the 38 batches of LJ samples from different producing regions on the basis of target compounds. As a result, the samples could be mainly clustered into different groups, which were similar with areas classification. Overall, the presented method would be helpful for the comprehensive utilization and development of LJ resources.

3.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 247: 112284, 2020 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31604137

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Herb pair, the most fundamental and simplest form of herb compatibility, serves as the basic building block of traditional Chinese medicine formulae. The Danshen-Honghua herb pair (DH), composed of Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma (Danshen in Chinese) and Carthami Flos (Honghua in Chinese), has remarkable clinical efficacy to cure cardio-cerebrovascular diseases. This study was designed to investigate the pharmacodynamics of DH in comparison with single herbs and pharmacokinetics of DH relative to Danshen in acute myocardial ischemic injury. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty male Wistar rats were divided into control, model and drug treated groups. The acute myocardial ischemia rat model was induced by administering 85 mg/kg/d isoproterenol (ISO) subcutaneously for two consecutive days. For pharmacodynamic study, histopathological and biochemical analysis were performed to assess the anti-myocardial ischemic effects. While for pharmacokinetic study, a UPLC-MS/MS method was developed for determination of nine main active ingredients, namely danshensu, protocatechuic acid, protocatechualdehyde, caffeic acid, lithospermic acid, rosmarinic acid, salvianolic acid B, salvianolic acid A and salvianolic acid C in rat plasma. RESULTS: The histopathological and biochemical analysis revealed that DH exerted enhanced anti-myocardial ischemic effects against the ISO-induced myocardial ischemia compared with single herbs. The pharmacokinetic study indicated that DH could significantly increase the t1/2z of danshensu, Tmax, AUC0-∞ and MRT0-t of protocatechuic acid in comparison with Danshen alone in normal rats, but more importantly elevate systemic exposure level and prolong t1/2z of protocatechualdehyde, caffeic acid, Tmax of danshensu in acute myocardial ischemia rats. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings demonstrated the greater effects of DH after the compatibility in ISO-induced acute myocardial ischemia rats at pharmacodynamic and pharmacokinetic levels and provided valuable information for clinical application of herb pairs.

4.
Nanotechnology ; 31(2): 024001, 2020 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31550701

RESUMO

Nanostructured mesoporous carbon materials have been an attractive material for electrochemical energy storage in the recent decades. However, the controllable synthesis of two-dimensional mesoporous carbon with tunable thickness and desired pore structure is highly challenging. Here, a series of graphene@mesoporous nitrogen-doped carbon (denoted as G@mesoNC) core-shell structured nanosheets with tunable thicknesses have been fabricated via a sample hydrothermal method by using cellulose as the green and cheap carbon precursor. The resultant G@mesoNC nanosheets exhibit a distinct sandwich-like structure with tunable thicknesses (from 10 to 30 nm), a large surface area (562 m2 g-1), a narrow pore size distribution (2.3 nm) and a high nitrogen content (7.95%). Significantly, when being used as the electrode for supercapaciors, the resultant G@mesoNC nanosheets showcase a high specific capacitance of 264 F g-1. Most importantly, there is no substantial capacitance decay after 2500 cycles, indicating the perfect cyclic stability of G@mesoNC nanosheets. Our method paves a new way for synthesizing carbon electrodes for energy storage.

5.
J Phys Condens Matter ; 32(3): 035301, 2020 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31536971

RESUMO

The group delay time was theoretically studied in Weyl semimetals (WSMs) in the presence of strain. The Hartman effect, where the delay time for tunneling through a barrier tends to a constant for large barrier thickness, can be observed in WSMs when the incident angles [Formula: see text] and [Formula: see text], and the unidirectional strain tensor u 33 and shear strain tensor u 32, are larger than some critical values. We show that the Hartman effect is strongly dependent on the strength of the unidirectional strain tensor u 33 and the ratio of the shear strain tensor [Formula: see text]. We also found that tensile and compressive strains have different effects on the group delay time and the transmission probability T in WSMs. Our study shows the possibility of modulating the group delay time and the Hartman effect in strained WSMs.

6.
J Cell Biochem ; 121(1): 735-742, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31478228

RESUMO

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains the most common malignant tumor worldwide. Long noncoding RNAs can modulate various tumorigenic processes. In addition, growing evidence has indicated tha the Janus kinase-signal transducer and activator of transcription (JAK-STAT) pathway is activated in multiple cancers, including HCC. Recently, it was found that LINC00346 can participate in several cancers. Nevertheless, the biological roles of LINC00346 in HCC have been barely investigated. In this study, the function of LINC00346 was specifically concentrated upon. We observed that LINC00346 was obviously elevated in HCC cells (Bel7404, Huh-6, HepG2, and QGY-7703 cells). Then, Bel7404 and HepG2 cells were overexpressed with LINC00346. Overexpression of LINC00346 repressed HCC cell survival and cell proliferation. In addition, apoptosis of Bel7404 and HepG2 cells was triggered by LINC00346 upregulation. Bel7404 and HepG2 cell cycle was arrested in the G1 phase by LINC00346. Meanwhile, we conducted wound-healing assay and Transwell invasion assays. As shown, we observed that the migratory and invasive capacities of Bel7404 and HepG2 cells were remarkably restrained by the increase of LINC00346. Moreover, we showed that LINC00346 overexpression activated the JAK-STAT3 pathway, which is involved in many cancers. Afterward, in vivo experiments were utilized and we proved that LINC00346 was able to induce HCC tumor growth via activating the JAK-STAT3 pathway. To conclude, we revealed the potential possibility of developing LINC00346 as an indicator for HCC.

7.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 107: 110224, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31761194

RESUMO

Multi-drug resistance (MDR) remains the main culprit for the low survival rate of advanced colorectal cancer (CRC). Photothermal-therapy (PPT) is effective to kill MDR tumor cells, but fails to completely eradicate tumors. In this study, we prepared a nanocomposite based on gold nanorod core with triple layer coating (GNRs/mSiO2/PHIS/TPGS/DOX) to combat multidrug resistant (MDR) colorectal cancer via multi-strategies. We first synthesized the mesoporous silica-coated gold nanorods (GNRs/mSiO2), and loaded with antitumor drug doxorubicin (DOX) to realize a combination of chemo- and photothermal-therapy. To reverse DOX resistance, pH responsive poly-histidine (PHIS) was conjugated on GNRs/mSiO2 to increase drug intracellular accumulation via efficient endo/lysosome escape; d-α-tocopherol polyethylene glycol 1000 succinate (TPGS) was then assembled on the surface of the particles to realize drug intracellular retention by inhibition P-glycoprotein. The results showed that the nanocomposite exhibited a highly efficient photothermal conversion in the NIR region, a pH and NIR triggered drug release profile and an increment of DOX intracellular accumulation and cytotoxicity on MDR SW620/Ad300 cells. Most importantly, the nanocomposite showed the most potent antitumor efficacy without obvious systemic toxicity comparing to other control groups with either chemo- or photothermal therapy alone on SW620/Ad300 tumor bearing mice. Altogether, the successful preparation of the nanocomposite and its potent efficacy might provide evidence for the future design and develop of nano-therapeutic system in the treatment of MDR colorectal cancer.

8.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 20(4): 2114-2121, 2020 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31492219

RESUMO

Organophosphorus pesticides (OPs) are an important class of common pesticides. However, due to the abuse of organophosphorus pesticides, pesticide residue problems have been highlighted. In this study, the colorimetric detection method for OPs residues was established based on the broadspectrum aptamer. Through optimization, isocarbophos and omethoate were analyzed to verify the performance of the colorimetric assay. Under optimal conditions, the method proved effective for detecting an isocarbophos range of 50-1000 ng/mL and an omethoate range of 100-500 ng/mL. The protective effects of broad-spectrum aptamers and the split (28-mer P1+26-mer P2) aptamers on gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) were also comparatively studied. The present results suggested that the colorimetric assay based on broad-spectrum aptamer could be applied for a preliminary screening of different kinds of OPs.

9.
Chemosphere ; 240: 124761, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31546190

RESUMO

The formation and control of haloacetamides (HAcAms) in drinking water have raised high attention due to their high genotoxicity and cytotoxicity, especially the most cytotoxic one, diiodoacetamide (DIAcAm). In this study, the degradation of DIAcAm by UV/chlorination was investigated in terms of degradation kinetics, efficiency, influencing factors, oxidation products and toxicity evaluation. Results revealed that the degradation of DIAcAm by UV/chlorine process followed pseudo-first-order kinetics, and the rate constant between DIAcAm and OH radicals was determined as 2.8 × 109 M-1 s-1. The contribution of Cl to DIAcAm degradation by UV/chlorine oxidation was negligible. Increasing chlorine dosage and decreasing pH significantly promoted the DIAcAm degradation during UV/chlorine oxidation, but the presence of bicarbonate (HCO3-) and natural organic matter (NOM) inhibited it. The mass balance analysis of iodine species was also evaluated during UV/chlorine oxidation of DIAcAm. In this process, with DIAcAm decreasing from 16.0 to 0.8 µM-I in 20 min, IO3-, I- and HOI/I2 increased from 0 to 6.3, 6.1 and 0.5 µM-I, respectively. The increase of CHO cell viability during DIAcAm degradation indicated that the toxicity of DIAcAm could be decreased by chlorination, UV irradiation and UV/chlorine oxidation treatments, in which UV/chlorine oxidation was more effective on toxicity reduction than chlorination and UV irradiation alone.

10.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 224: 117416, 2020 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31394389

RESUMO

In this work, density functional theory (DFT) and time density functional theory (TDDFT) methods were employed to investigate the nature of the double fluorescence emission of DEAHF in these three solvents. We analyzed the geometric structures, vibrational frequencies, frontier molecular orbitals (MOs), molecular electrostatic potential surface (MEPS), calculated absorption and fluorescence spectra and the potential-energy curves for DEAHF. All the results show that the intramolecular hydrogen bond of DEAHF is strengthened from S0 to S1 and the electron density redistribution occurs between the proton acceptor and donor, which can facilitate ESIPT. Moreover, the geometric structures, absorption and emission spectra, MEPS and potential-energy curve of DEAHF are identical. It reveals theoretically that ACN and PC can maintain the polarity of the solvent with 1:1 mixing, which is consistent with the experimental results.

11.
Bioresour Technol ; 295: 122252, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31669180

RESUMO

Biochar is traditionally used to improve soil properties in arable land and as adsorbent or precursor of activated carbon in wastewater treatment. Recent advances have shown biochar potentials in enhancing productions of biofuels and chemicals such as bio-ethanol, butanol, methane, hydrogen, bio-diesel, hydrocarbons and carboxylic acids. The properties of biochar such as high levels of porosity, functional groups, cation exchange capacity, pH buffering capacity, electron conductivity, and macro-/micro- nutrients (Na, K, Ca, Mg, P, S, Fe, etc.) provide appropriate conditions to relieve physicochemical stresses on microorganisms through pH buffering, detoxification, nutrients supply, serving as electron carrier and supportive microbial habitats. This paper critically reviewed biochar production and characteristics, biochar utilization in anaerobic digestion, composting, microbial fermentation, hydrolysate detoxification, catalysis in biomass refinery and biodiesel synthesis. This review provides novel vision of biochar application, which could guide future research towards cleaner and more economic production of renewable fuels and bio-based chemicals.


Assuntos
Biocombustíveis , Carvão Vegetal , Biomassa , Metano
12.
Neuroendocrinology ; 2019 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31671427

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Inflammation and oxidative stressplay important roles in energy imbalance and its complications.Recent research indicates that hypothalamic inflammation may contribute to the pathogenesis of metabolic syndrome and cardiac dysfunction, but the mechanisms remain unclear. We hypothesized that suppression of proinflammatory pathway of IKKß/NF-κBin the hypothalamuscan improve energy balance and cardiac function in type 2 diabetic (T2D)rats. METHODS AND RESULTS: Normal rats and T2D rats received bilateral hypothalamic arcuate nucleus (ARC) infusions of IKKß inhibitor SC-514 or vehicle via osmotic minipump.Metabolic phenotyping, immunohistochemical analyses, and biochemical analyses were used to investigate the outcomes of inhibition of the hypothalamic IKKß. Echocardiography and glucometer were used for measuring cardiac function and blood glucose,respectively. Blood samples were collected for the evaluation of circulating proinflammatory cytokines (PICs). Heart was harvested for cardiacmorphology evaluations. The ARC was harvested and analyzed for IKKß, NF-κB, PICs, reactive oxygen species (ROS) and NAD(P)H (gp91phox,p47phox) oxidase activitylevels and neuropeptides.Compared with normal rats, T2D rats were characterized by hyperglycaemia, hyperinsulinemia, glucose intolerance, cardiac dysfunction, as well as higher ARC levels of IKKß, NF-κB, PICs, ROS, gp91phox and p47phox. ARC infusion of IKKß inhibitor SC-514 attenuated all these changes in T2D rats, but not in normal rats. CONCLUSIONS: Our results indicate that hypothalamic IKKß/NF-κB pathway plays a key role in modulatingenergy imbalance and cardiac dysfunction, suggesting its potential therapeutic role during type 2diabetes.

13.
Nurs Res ; 68(6): 433-438, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31693548

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The relationship between an increasing elderly population and wide-ranging neurological conditions has led to heightened rates of cognitive function impairment. Some researchers have found that health literacy risk may be associated with cognitive impairment in older adults. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to delineate the difference in health literacy risk between older adults with mild cognitive impairment and those with normal cognitive function. METHODS: We conducted a survey study to explore the health literacy risk in older adults with and without mild cognitive impairment. Data were collected from 412 subjects between 60 and 91 years of age (260 without and 152 with mild cognitive impairment) between June and December 2016 in China. Cognitive function was measured using the Mini-Mental Status Examination, Montreal Cognitive Assessment, Global Deterioration Scale, Activities of Daily Living, and Hamilton Depression Rating Scale. Health literacy was measured using the Chinese Citizen Health Literacy Questionnaire. RESULTS: The scores of total health literacy and its three dimensions (basic health knowledge and mind, basic skills, and health lifestyle and behavior) were lower in those with mild cognitive impairment. Older adults with normal cognitive function had adequate or marginal health literacy levels, whereas those with mild cognitive impairment had marginal or inadequate health literacy levels. Using multiple logistic regression analysis, we found that health literacy risk, education level, age, marital status, and body mass index were independent risk factors for mild cognitive impairment. DISCUSSION: These results suggest that low health literacy may be a predictor of mild cognitive impairment. Screening for lower health literacy risk should be included in multidimensional geriatric evaluation.


Assuntos
Disfunção Cognitiva/psicologia , Alfabetização em Saúde , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Índice de Massa Corporal , Estudos de Casos e Controles , China , Escolaridade , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Estado Civil , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco
14.
Int J Infect Dis ; 90: 181-187, 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31682959

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To determine the molecular characteristics of a sequence type 338 community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) strain and the relationship among MRSA strains from various lineages and areas. METHODS: Whole-genome sequencing, genomic comparison, antimicrobial susceptibility testing, and hemolysis analysis were performed to identify the resistance determinants and virulence factors of strain ZY05 and the relationships among CC59 clones. RESULTS: MRSA strain ZY05 was resistant to tetracycline, erythromycin, and clindamycin, and the resistance genes erm(B) and tet(K) were detected in the genome. ZY05 harbors the genomic islands νSaα, νSaß, νSaγ, and ΦSa2, the pathogenicity island νSa1, and virulence factors such as Panton-Valentine leukocidin, phenol-soluble modulins, alpha-hemolysin, enterotoxin B, enterotoxin K, and enterotoxin Q, which are the same as those present in ST59 strains. In addition, the virulence potential of ST338 did not differ from that of ST59. This strain contains the staphylococcal cassette chromosome mec (SCCmec) type VT, a distinct SCCmec type previously reported from Taiwan. The results of core genome multilocus sequence typing (cgMLST) analysis showed that the gene distances between ST59 and ST338 were close among CC59 isolates, while strains from Taiwan were identical to isolates from the Chinese mainland with respect to these two sequence types. CONCLUSIONS: The ST338 strain ZY05, which has a close genetic relationship to ST59 strains, is multidrug-resistant and highly virulent. Strains of two identical lineages, ST59 and ST338, from Taiwan and the Chinese mainland may have the same genetic background.

15.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 19(1): 439, 2019 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31771540

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Partner infection is a significant factor in preventing mother-to-child syphilis transmission. We compared pregnancy outcomes between syphilis discordant and syphilis concordant couples. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study among 3076 syphilis-positive women who received syphilis screening together with their partners during pregnancy. Multivariate analysis was used to explore risks for abnormal outcomes in objects correcting for the major covariate factors. Adjusted odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were estimated to compare pregnancy outcomes between syphilis concordant and syphilis discordant couples. RESULTS: Overall, 657 of the 3076 women were diagnosed with gestational syphilis and had a syphilis-positive partner, giving a partner concordance prevalence of 21.36%. Women in concordant couples were more likely to have higher parity, more children, late antenatal care and syphilis screening, a lower proportion of latent syphilis, and elevated serologic titers than women in discordant couples (P < 0.01 for all). Totally, 10.08% of women had adverse pregnancy outcomes. Multivariate analysis showed partners' syphilis infection (ORadj = 1.44, 95% CI: 1.10-1.89), untreated pregnancy syphilis (ORadj = 1.67, 95% CI: 1.15-2.43), and higher maternal serum titers (> 1:8) (ORadj = 1.53, 95% CI: 1.17-2.00) increased the risks of adverse pregnancy outcomes. Concordance was associated with increased risk for stillbirth (ORadj = 2.86, 95%CI:1.36-6.00), preterm birth (PTB) (ORadj = 1.38,95%CI:1.02-1.87) and low birth weight (LBW) (ORadj = 1.55, 95%CI:1.13-2.11) compared with discordance. Even among treated women, concordance was associated with increased risk for stillbirth (ORadj = 3.26, 95%CI:1.45-7.31) and LBW (ORadj = 1.52, 95%CI:1.08-2.14). Among women with one treatment course, the risks for PTB(ORadj = 1.81, 95%CI:1.14-2.88) and LBW(ORadj = 2.08, 95%CI:1.28-3.38)were also higher among concordant couples than discordant couples. Nevertheless, there were no significant differences between concordant and discordant couples in risks of stillbirth (ORadj = 2.64, 95% CI: 0.98-7.05),PTB (ORadj = 1.15, 95% CI: 0.76-1.74), and LBW(ORadj = 1.21, 95% CI: 0.78-2.02) among women with two treatment courses. CONCLUSION: Male partner coinfection increased the risks for stillbirth, PTB and LBW, particularly when gestational syphilis treatment was suboptimal. However, this risk could be reduced by adequate treatment.

16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31771879

RESUMO

AIMS: Ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) is a major cause of acute kidney injury (AKI), which can lead to poor outcome and increased risk of mortality. Dabrafenib (DAB) is an approved cancer treatment. Little is known about the effect of DAB in prevention or treatment of renal IRI. METHODS: For in vivo experiments, C57BL/6 mice were divided into four groups: sham (no IRI, no DAB), IRI, DAB, and DAB + IRI. IRI was induced by clamping of bilateral renal pedicles for 30 min. For in vitro experiments, HK-2 cells were used to establish the hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) injury model, with four groups: control (no H/R, no DAB), H/R, DAB, and DAB + H/R. Renal function and renal histological changes were recorded. Expression of NGAL and KIM-1 proteins and mRNAs were determined by western blotting and qRT-PCR; secretion of inflammatory cytokines (IL-6 and TNF- α) was determined by qRT-PCR; Cell death was determined using the TUNEL assay, measurement of cleaved caspase-3, and flow cytometry. Necroptosis-related proteins were determined by western blotting. RESULTS: In mice, DAB pretreatment improved renal function and also reduced histological injury, inflammation, cell death, and expression of necroptosis-associated proteins. In HK-2 cells, DAB significantly decreased the levels of NGAL and KIM-1, inflammatory cytokines, cell death, and necroptosis-related proteins. CONCLUSION: Our in vitro and in vivo experiments indicated that DAB appears to alleviate renal IRI by suppressing cell death and inhibiting inflammatory responses. DAB has potential use for the clinical prevention and treatment of AKI-induced IRI.

17.
Mediators Inflamm ; 2019: 1769374, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31772499

RESUMO

Intraperitoneal adhesion is a common complication after abdominal surgery, which seriously affects the quality of life of patients. HuoXueTongFu Formula (HXTF) plays an important role in the prevention and treatment of intraperitoneal adhesions. However, the molecular-related mechanisms are still not fully known. In this study, the model of Intrapetitoneal adhesion was established by cecum abrasion and treated with HXTF for one week. RAW264.7 cells were given LPS, IFN-γ, IL-4, HXTF-medicated serum, and PPAR-γ agonist/antagonist, respectively. Histopathology, flow cytometry, ELISA, real-time PCR, and Western blotting were used to further detect the related protein, M1/M2 polarization tendency, and PPAR-γ nuclear translocation. The deposition of collagen fibres reduced in the local area of rats after the operation with HXTF treatment. Similar to IL-4, HXTF induced a tendency for macrophages to polarize toward M2 and promoted peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPAR-γ) nuclear translocation. Furthermore, the use of HXTF and PPAR-γ agonists downregulated macrophage M1 polarization-related factors IL-1, IL-6, and TNF-alpha and upregulated M2 polarization-related factors IL-4, IL-10, and TGF-beta 1. Meanwhile, the use of HXTF and PPAR-γ agonists downregulated the SOCS3/JAK2/STAT1 pathway and activated the SOCS1/STAT6/PPAR-γ pathway. These results show that HXTF may reduce intraperitoneal adhesion by inducing macrophage M2 polarization and regulating the SOCS/JAK2/STAT/PPAR-γ pathway.

19.
Respirology ; 2019 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31774229

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: ACO is a syndrome with high prevalence. However, a pragmatic diagnostic criterion to differentiate ACO is non-existent. We aimed to establish an effective model for screening ACO. METHODS: A multicentre survey was developed to assess the clinical criteria considered important and applicable by pulmonologists for screening ACO. These experts were asked to take the surveys twice. The expert grading method, analytic hierarchy process and ROC curve were used to establish the model, which was then validated by a cross-sectional study of 1066 patients. The GINA/GOLD document was the gold standard in assessing this model. RESULTS: Increased variability of symptoms, paroxysmal wheezing, dyspnoea, historical diagnosis of COPD or asthma, allergic constitution, exposure to risk factors, the FEV1 /FVC < 70% and a positive BDT were important for screening ACO. According to the weight of each criterion, we confirmed that patients meeting six or more of these eight criteria should be considered to have ACO. We called this Chinese screening model for ACO 'CSMA'. It differentiated patients with ACO with a sensitivity of 83.33%, while the sensitivity of clinician-driven diagnosis had a sensitivity of only 42.73%. CONCLUSION: CSMA is a workable model for screening ACO and provides a simple tool for clinicians to efficiently diagnose ACO.

20.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 5331, 2019 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31767849

RESUMO

Wave trapping and manipulation are at the heart of modern integrated photonics and acoustics. Grand challenges emerge on increasing the integration density and reducing the wave leakage/noises due to fabrication imperfections, especially for waveguides and cavities at subwavelength scales. The rising of robust wave dynamics based on topological mechanisms offers possible solutions. Ideally, in a three-dimensional (3D) topological integrated chip, there are coexisting robust two-dimensional (2D) interfaces, one-dimensional (1D) waveguides and zero-dimensional (0D) cavities. Here, we report the experimental discovery of such a dimensional hierarchy of the topologically-protected 2D surface states, 1D hinge states and 0D corner states in a single 3D system. Such an unprecedented phenomenon is triggered by the higher-order topology in simple-cubic sonic crystals and protected by the space group [Formula: see text]. Our study opens up a new regime for multidimensional wave trapping and manipulation at subwavelength scales, which may inspire future technology for integrated acoustics and photonics.

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