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1.
PeerJ ; 12: e17273, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38708362

RESUMO

Gradual pollen presentation is a plant reproductive mechanism to improve pollination efficiency and accuracy and promote outcrossing. Vaccinium corymbosum 'Bluecrop' has a typical gradual pollen presentation mechanism. 'Bluecrop' exhibits an inverted bell-shaped flower with a white coloration. By investigating the flower syndrome, pollination characteristics, pollination efficiency, and breeding system of 'Bluecrop', this study aims to explore the adaptive significance of these traits. The results showed 'Bluecrop' released pollen gradually through anther poricidal dehiscence. Among different pollinators, Apis mellifera and Bombus can pollinate effectively, and the mechanism of gradual pollen presentation significantly improved the efficiency of pollen transfer. This characteristic limits the amount of pollen removed by the pollinators and prolongs pollen presentation, thus attracting more pollinators and thereby increasing male fitness. The nectar secretion of 'Bluecrop' is gradual, with a large nectar production and a long phase of nectar secretion, enhance visitation frequencies and the chances of successful pollination. At the same time, campanulate corolla can protect pollen as well as nectar from waste due to environmental factors and other effects. The breeding system of 'Bluecrop' relies mainly on outcrossing because of its low affinity for self-fertilization and good interaction with pollinating insects. Thus, the special floral syndrome and the mechanism of secondary pollen presentation are significant in improving pollination efficiency and promoting the reproductive success of 'Bluecrop' by outcrossing. It can provide a certain theoretical basis for the future propagation breeding of 'Bluecrop'.


Assuntos
Flores , Pólen , Polinização , Abelhas/fisiologia , Flores/genética , Flores/fisiologia , Animais , Mirtilos Azuis (Planta) , Néctar de Plantas , Melhoramento Vegetal
2.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 10037, 2024 May 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38693217

RESUMO

In order to safeguard the surface structures from mining damage while optimizing the liberation of coal resources under the dense surface buildings of the Cedi River coal mine. Considering that the analysis of the structure and type of surface buildings and the geological mining conditions of the mine, a wide strip mining design with a retention width of 70 m and a mining width of 50 m was finally determined by using the pressure arch theory and Wilson's theory, combined with the actual layout of working faces 51,002, 51,004 and 51,006 at the site.The strip mining design is verified by probability integral method and FLAC3D numerical simulation calculation respectively, The findings indicate that the highest value of earth surface subsidence created by the mining of the wide strip is 210 mm, the surface horizontal deformation value is 1.0 to - 1.4 mm/m, the damage to surface buildings is less than Level I, which satisfying the prerequisites of the surface building protection level, and can realize the continuous advancement of mine 51,002, 51,004 and 51,006 working faces, The coal pillars of the retained strip have sufficient support strength and long-term consistency, and the movement and deformation of the overburden after mining will not cause undulating subsidence of the surface, which effectively solve the mine's technical difficulties in safely coal mining under surface buildings.

3.
Nano Lett ; 2024 May 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38717095

RESUMO

The mapping of long-wavelength phonons is important to understand and manipulate the thermal transport in multilayered structures, but it remains a long-standing challenge due to the collective behaviors of phonons. In this study, an experimental demonstration of mapping the long-wavelength phonons in an alloyed Al0.1Ga0.9As/Al0.9Ga0.1As superlattice system is reported. Multiple strategies to filter out the short- to mid-wavelength phonons are used. The phonon mean-free-path-dependent thermal transport properties directly demonstrate both the suppression effect of the ErAs nanoislands and the contribution of long-wavelength phonons. The contribution from phonons with mean free path longer than 1 µm is clearly demonstrated. A model based on the Boltzmann transport equation is proposed to calculate and describe the thermal transport properties, which depicts a clear physical picture of the transport mechanisms. This method can be extended to map different wavelength phonons and become a universal strategy to explore their thermal transport in various application scenarios.

4.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 16(17): 22139-22146, 2024 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38634537

RESUMO

During the synthesis of deep-blue perovskite quantum dots (PQDs), they generally emerge as a two-dimensional byproduct with poor yield and low photoluminescence quantum yield (PLQY) due to amine ligand enrichment-induced abundant surface defects. Herein, we provide a colloidal synthesis method to prepare deep-blue CsPbBr3 PQDs in a green nontoxic solvent via strategic Z-type ligand engineering. Z-type ligands of zinc octanoate enable the formation of robust coordination bonds with surface bromide ions of PQDs, maintaining acid-base equilibrium and reducing excess amine enrichment on the PQDs surface. Consequently, homogeneous and monodispersed PQDs with improved PLQY of 73% are successfully synthesized, achieving efficient deep-blue LEDs with a peak EQE of 5.46%, a maximum luminance of 847.6 cd/m2, and an operational half-lifetime of 14 min. The devices exhibit color coordinates of (0.137, 0.049), closely approximating the Rec. 2020 blue standard. Our work offers a potentially eco-friendly and viable route for realizing high-performance LEDs in the deep-blue region.

5.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 60(30): 4044-4047, 2024 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38516844

RESUMO

This communication describes an effective morphological control strategy involving introducing two-dimensional (2D) Cs3Sb2Br9 to induce a transformation of three-dimensional (3D) CsPbBr3 to 2D nanoplates (NPLs). By tuning the Sb/Pb ratio, 2D CsPbBr3 NPLs exhibiting a deep-blue emission centered at a wavelength of 464 nm with an FWHM of 24 nm have been produced. The absence of organic ligands in these high-quality 2D NPLs mitigate the instability issue induced by organic ligand migration and penetration, and these NPLs exhibit 80% of the initial PL intensity after 55 days.

6.
Front Vet Sci ; 11: 1360878, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38482171

RESUMO

Sodium butyrate (NaB) has garnered attention in recent years for its ability to impede the malignant progression of tumors. In order to explore the potential inhibitory effects of NaB on the replication of Marek's disease virus (MDV) and subsequent lymphoma formation, newly hatched chickens were infected with the vvMDV Md5 strain and administered NaB prior to (prevention group) or following (treatment group) Md5 inoculation. The results revealed that NaB played a pivotal role in diminishing both the incidence and fatality rates in chickens afflicted with Md5 infection. Notably, NaB exhibited a remarkable capacity to inhibit the expression of MDV immediate early genes, i.e., ICP4 and ICP27, thus attenuating tumorigenesis in the chicken spleen. To further elucidate the mechanism of NaB on lymphoma cells, MDV bearing lymphoma cells, i.e., MSB-1 were exposed to NaB for 24 h prior to various experimental tests. The results revealed that NaB effectively hindered the proliferation, migration, and colony formation of MSB-1 cells. Furthermore, NaB demonstrated the ability to modulate the key molecules in mitochondrial apoptosis pathway. Taken together, these findings reveal that NaB can impede the lymphoma caused by MDV via regulating the mitochondrial apoptosis pathway, both in vitro and in vivo. These results suggest that the utilization of NaB warrants serious consideration as a promising approach for the prevention of MDV.

7.
Eur Radiol ; 2024 Mar 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38514481

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to construct a radiomics-based model for prognosis and benefit prediction of concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) versus intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) in locoregionally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma (LANPC) following induction chemotherapy (IC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cohort of 718 LANPC patients treated with IC + IMRT or IC + CCRT were retrospectively enrolled and assigned to a training set (n = 503) and a validation set (n = 215). Radiomic features were extracted from pre-IC and post-IC MRI. After feature selection, a delta-radiomics signature was built with LASSO-Cox regression. A nomogram incorporating independent clinical indicators and the delta-radiomics signature was then developed and evaluated for calibration and discrimination. Risk stratification by the nomogram was evaluated with Kaplan-Meier methods. RESULTS: The delta-radiomics signature, which comprised 19 selected features, was independently associated with prognosis. The nomogram, composed of the delta-radiomics signature, age, T category, N category, treatment, and pre-treatment EBV DNA, showed great calibration and discrimination with an area under the receiver operator characteristic curve of 0.80 (95% CI 0.75-0.85) and 0.75 (95% CI 0.64-0.85) in the training and validation sets. Risk stratification by the nomogram, excluding the treatment factor, resulted in two groups with distinct overall survival. Significantly better outcomes were observed in the high-risk patients with IC + CCRT compared to those with IC + IMRT, while comparable outcomes between IC + IMRT and IC + CCRT were shown for low-risk patients. CONCLUSION: The radiomics-based nomogram can predict prognosis and survival benefits from concurrent chemotherapy for LANPC following IC. Low-risk patients determined by the nomogram may be potential candidates for omitting concurrent chemotherapy during IMRT. CLINICAL RELEVANCE STATEMENT: The radiomics-based nomogram was constructed for risk stratification and patient selection. It can help guide clinical decision-making for patients with locoregionally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma following induction chemotherapy, and avoid unnecessary toxicity caused by overtreatment. KEY POINTS: • The benefits from concurrent chemotherapy remained controversial for locoregionally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma following induction chemotherapy. • Radiomics-based nomogram achieved prognosis and benefits prediction of concurrent chemotherapy. • Low-risk patients defined by the nomogram were candidates for de-intensification.

8.
Toxicon ; 242: 107703, 2024 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38522586

RESUMO

Benthic freshwater cyanobacteria have the potential to produce toxins. Compared with more extensively studied plankton species, little is known about the impact of harmful benthic cyanobacteria on aquatic organisms. As demersal fish are usually in direct contact with benthic cyanobacteria, it is important to understand their interactive effects. This study investigated the physio-chemical responses of two demersal fish (Xenocypris davidi and Crucian carp) after exposure to benthic Oscillatoria (producing cylindrospermopsin, 2 × 106 cells/mL) for 7 days. Interestingly, benthic Oscillatoria had less adverse effects on X. davidi than C. carp. The two demersal fish effectively ingested Oscillatoria, but Oscillatoria cell sheathes could not be fully digested in C. carp intestines and led to growth inhibition. Oscillatoria consumption induced oxidative stress and triggered alterations in detoxification enzyme activities in the X. davidi liver. Superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione reductase (GR) activities significantly increased in the C. carp liver, but catalase (CAT) and detoxification enzymes glutathione S-transferase (GST) and glutathione (GSH) activities were insignificantly changed. This suggested that C. carp may have a relatively weak detoxification capacity for toxic Oscillatoria. Oscillatoria ingestion led to more pronounced liver pathological changes in C. carp, including swelling, deformation, and loss of cytoskeleton structure. Simultaneously, fish consumption of Oscillatoria increased extracellular cylindrospermopsin concentration. These results provide valuable insights into the ecological risks associated with benthic cyanobacteria in aquatic ecosystems.


Assuntos
Toxinas Bacterianas , Carpas , Toxinas de Cianobactérias , Fígado , Estresse Oxidativo , Animais , Fígado/patologia , Toxinas Bacterianas/toxicidade , Cianobactérias , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Alcaloides , Oscillatoria , Uracila/análogos & derivados , Uracila/toxicidade , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo , Toxinas Marinhas/toxicidade
9.
J Mater Chem B ; 12(13): 3226-3239, 2024 Mar 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38451239

RESUMO

In this study, gold nanocubes (AuNCs) were quickly synthesized using the seed-mediated growth method and reduced onto the surface of two-dimensional (2D) delaminated nano mica platelets (NMPs), enabling the development of AuNCs/NMPs nanohybrids with a 3D lightning-rod effect. First, the growth-solution amount can be changed to easily adjust the AuNCs average-particle size within a range of 30-70 nm. The use of the cationic surfactant cetyltrimethylammonium chloride as a protective agent allowed the surface of AuNCs and nanohybrids to be positively charged. Positively charged nanohybrid surfaces presented a good adsorption effect for detecting molecules with negative charges on the surface. Additionally, the NMP surfaces were rich in ionic charges and provided a large specific surface area for stabilizing the growth of AuNCs. Delaminated AuNCs/NMPs nanohybrids can generate a 3D hotspot effect through self-assembly to enhance the Raman signal. Surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) is highly sensitive in detecting adenine biomolecules. Its limit of detection (LOD) and Raman enhancement factor reached 10-9 M and 3.6 × 108, respectively. Excellent reproducibility was obtained owing to the relatively regular arrangement of AuNC particles, and the relative standard deviation (RSD) was 10.7%. Finally, the surface of NMPs was modified by adding the hydrophilic poly(oxyethylene)-diamine (POE2000) and amphiphilic PIB-POE-PIB copolymer at different weight ratios. The adjustment of the surface hydrophilicity and hydrophobicity of AuNCs/NMPs nanohybrids led to better adsorption and selectivity for bacteria. AuNCs/POE/NMPs and AuNCs/PIB-POE-PIB/NMPs were further applied to the SERS detection of hydrophilic Staphylococcus aureus and hydrophobic Escherichia coli, respectively. The SERS-detection results suggest that the LOD of hydrophilic Staphylococcus aureus and hydrophobic Escherichia coli reached 92 CFU mL-1 and 1.6 × 102 CFU mL-1, respectively. The AuNCs/POE/NMPs and AuNCs/PIB-POE-PIB/NMPs nanohybrids had different hydrophilic-hydrophobic affinities, which greatly improved the selectivity and sensitivity for detecting bacteria with different hydrophilicity and hydrophobicity. Therefore, fast, highly selective, and highly sensitive SERS biological-detection results were obtained.


Assuntos
Silicatos de Alumínio , Técnicas Biossensoriais , Raio , Ouro/química , Análise Espectral Raman/métodos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Staphylococcus aureus , Escherichia coli
10.
Phys Rev Lett ; 132(8): 086302, 2024 Feb 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38457715

RESUMO

Chiral anomaly bulk states (CABSs) can be realized by choosing appropriate boundary conditions in a finite-size waveguide composed of two-dimensional Dirac semimetals, which have unidirectional and robust transport similar to that of valley edge states. CABSs use almost all available guiding space, which greatly improves the utilization of metamaterials. Here, free-boundary-induced CABSs in elastic twisted kagome metamaterials with C_{3v} symmetry are experimentally confirmed. The robust valley-locked transport and complete valley state conversion are experimentally observed. Importantly, the sign of the group velocity near the K and K^{'} points can be reversed by suspending masses at the boundary to manipulate the onsite potential. Moreover, CABSs are demonstrated in nanoelectromechanical phononic crystals by constructing an impedance-mismatched hard boundary. These results open new possibilities for designing more compact, space-efficient, and robust elastic wave macro- and microfunctional devices.

11.
Adv Mater ; 36(21): e2312861, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38340067

RESUMO

Coherent phonon transfer via high-quality factor (Q) mechanical resonator strong coupling has garnered significant interest. Yet, the practical applications of these strongly coupled resonator devices are largely constrained by their vulnerability to fabrication defects. In this study, topological strong coupling of gigahertz frequency surface acoustic wave (SAW) resonators with lithium niobate is achieved. The nanoscale grooves are etched onto the lithium niobate surface to establish robust SAW topological interface states (TISs). By constructing phononic crystal (PnC) heterostructures, a strong coupling of two SAW TISs, achieving a maximum Rabi splitting of 22 MHz and frequency quality factor product fQm of ≈1.2 × 1013 Hz, is realized. This coupling can be tuned by adjusting geometric parameters and a distinct spectral anticrossing is experimentally observed. Furthermore, a dense wavelength division multiplexing device based on the coupling of multiple TISs is demonstrated. These findings open new avenues for the development of practical topological acoustic devices for on-chip sensing, filtering, phonon entanglement, and beyond.

12.
Adv Mater ; : e2311599, 2024 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38374796

RESUMO

Vertically stacked multiple atomically thin layers have recently widened the landscape of rich optical structures thanks to these quantum metamaterials or van der Waals (vdW) materials, featuring hyperbolic polaritons with unprecedented avenues for light. Despite their far-reaching implications, most of their properties rest entirely on a trivial band topological origin. Here, a 2D approach is adopted toward a micromechanical vdW analogue that, as a result of engineered chiral and mirror symmetries, provides topologically resilient hyperbolic radiation of mechanical vibrations in the ultrasonic regime. By applying laser vibrometry of the micrometer-sized metasurface, we are able to exhibit the exotic fingerprints of robust hyperbolic radiation spanning several frequencies, which beyond their physical relevance, may enable ultrasonic technologies.

13.
ACS Omega ; 9(1): 1894-1903, 2024 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38222643

RESUMO

The present study was conducted to prepare and investigate large-area, high-sensitivity surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) substrates. Organic/inorganic nanohybrid dispersants consisting of an amphiphilic triblock copolymer (hereafter referred to simply as "copolymer") and graphene oxide (GO) were used to stabilize the growth and size of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs). Ion-dipole forces were present between the AuNPs and copolymer dispersants, while the hydrogen bonds between GO and the copolymer prevented the aggregation of GO, thereby stabilizing the AuNP/GO nanohybrids. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) revealed that the AuNPs had particle sizes of 25-35 nm and a relatively uniform size distribution. The AuNP/GO nanohybrids were deposited onto the glass substrate by using the solution drop-casting method and employed for SERS detection. The self-assembling properties of two-dimensional sheet-like GO led to a regular lamellar arrangement of AuNP/GO nanohybrids, which could be used for the preparation of large-area SERS substrates. Following removal of the copolymer by annealing at 300 °C for 2 h, measurements were obtained under scanning electron microscopy. The results confirmed that 2D GO nanosheets were capable of stabilizing AuNPs, with the final size reaching approximately 40 nm. These AuNPs were adsorbed on both sides of the GO nanosheets. Because the GO nanosheets were merely 5 nm-thick, a good three-dimensional hot-junction effect was generated along the z-axis of the AuNPs. Lastly, the prepared material was used for the SERS detection of rhodamine 6G (R6G), a commonly used highly fluorescent dye. An enhancement factor (EF) of up to 3.5 × 106 was achieved, and the limit of detection was approximately 10-10 M. Detection limits of 10-10 M and < 10-10 M were also observed with the detection of Direct Blue 200 and the biological molecule adenine. It is therefore evident that AuNP/copolymer/GO nanohybrids are large-area flexible SERS substrates that hold great potential in environmental monitoring and biological system detection applications.

14.
Clin Transl Oncol ; 26(5): 1192-1202, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37989823

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The study aimed to investigate the efficacy and survival outcomes of neoadjuvant chemotherapy combined with programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) blockade (neoadjuvant chemoimmunotherapy) for patients with resectable head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted. Patients with initially diagnosed, resectable HNSCCs who received the neoadjuvant chemoimmunotherapy and radical surgery were included. Correlation analysis between patients' clinical characteristics and pathological responses, and survival analysis were performed. RESULTS: A total of 79 patients were included. The majority of patients (55, 69.6%) were diagnosed at locally advanced stages and most of them (58, 73.4%) had tumor located at the oral cavity. Nearly half of patients (35, 44.3%) received two cycles of neoadjuvant chemoimmunotherapy and the rest had three or more cycles. The R0 resection rate was 98.7%. In the pathological evaluation, 53.1% of patients reached pathological complete responses or major pathological responses. After a median follow-up of 17.0 months, the 1-year disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) rates were 87.2% and 97.4%, respectively. The pathological response showed a significantly positive association with survival benefits (p < 0.001). Patients with human papillomavirus (HPV)-positive oropharyngeal cancer had the best pathological response and survival outcomes. Besides, history of radiation at head and neck region and poor pathological response were found to be independent risk factors of DFS for patients receiving such treatments. CONCLUSION: Neoadjuvant chemoimmunotherapy of HNSCC showed high rate of pathological response and low recurrence rate, holding promise for becoming the new standard of care for resectable HNSCC.

15.
Sci Total Environ ; 912: 169302, 2024 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38104816

RESUMO

The risks of planktonic cyanobacteria blooms have been the focus of much scientific research, but studies on the ecotoxicological effects of benthic cyanobacteria are lagging. The impacts of cyanobacteria cells on fish populations might be more complex in contrast to purified cyanotoxins or cyanobacteria extracts. This study systematically compared the chronic effects of benthic Oscillatoria sp. (producing cylindrospermopsins) and planktonic Microcystis aeruginosa (producing microcystins) on the growth and reproduction of zebrafish through life-cycle exposure (5- 90 days post fertilization). The results showed that both Oscillatoria sp. and M. aeruginosa exposure caused growth inhibition and fecundity reduction in F0 generation by disrupting sex hormone levels, delayed ovarian and sperm development, and induced pathological lesions in zebrafish gonads. Furthermore, exposure to Oscillatoria sp. or M. aeruginosa in adult zebrafish increased mortality and teratogenicity in F1 embryos (without exposure), indicating a parental transmission effect of developmental toxicity. The difference was that M. aeruginosa exposure led to significant alterations in pathways, such as tissue development, redox processes, and steroid hormone synthesis. In contrast, Oscillatoria sp. exposure primarily disrupted the PPAR signaling pathway, cell adhesion molecules, and lipid transport pathways. Interestingly, the differentially expressed genes revealed that male fish were more sensitive to harmful cyanobacteria than females, whether exposed to Oscillatoria sp. or M. aeruginosa. These findings contribute to a better mechanistic understanding of the chronic toxic effects of distinct types of harmful cyanobacteria, suggesting that the ecological risk of benthic cyanobacteria requires further attention.


Assuntos
Cianobactérias , Microcystis , Oscillatoria , Animais , Feminino , Masculino , Microcystis/fisiologia , Peixe-Zebra/metabolismo , Sêmen , Microcistinas/metabolismo , Reprodução , Estágios do Ciclo de Vida
16.
Nat Commun ; 14(1): 8110, 2023 Dec 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38062008

RESUMO

In 1917, Einstein considered stimulated photon emission of electron radiation, offering the theoretical foundation for laser, technically achieved in 1960. However, thermal phonons along with heat creation of non-radiative transition, are ineffective, even playing a detrimental role in lasing efficiency. Here, we realize a photon-phonon collaboratively pumped laser enhanced by heat in a counterintuitive way. We observe a laser transition from phonon-free 1064 nm lasing to phonon-pumped 1176 nm lasing in Nd:YVO4 crystal, associated with the phonon-pumped population inversion under high temperatures. Moreover, an additional temperature threshold (Tth) appears besides the photon-pump power threshold (Pth), and a two-dimensional lasing phase diagram is verified with a general relation ruled by Pth = C/Tth (constant C upon loss for a given crystal), similar to Curie's Law. Our strategy will promote the study of laser physics via dimension extension, searching for highly efficient and low-threshold laser devices via this temperature degree of freedom.

17.
Nat Commun ; 14(1): 7347, 2023 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37963897

RESUMO

In the quest to connect bulk topological quantum numbers to measurable parameters in real materials, current established approaches often necessitate specific conditions, limiting their applicability. Here we propose and demonstrate an approach to link the non-trivial hierarchical bulk topology to the multidimensional partition of local density of states (LDOS), denoted as the bulk-LDOS correspondence. In finite-size topologically nontrivial photonic crystals, we observe the LDOS partitioned into three distinct regions: a two-dimensional interior bulk area, a one-dimensional edge region, and zero-dimensional corner sites. Contrarily, topologically trivial cases exhibit uniform LDOS distribution across the entire two-dimensional bulk area. Our findings provide a general framework for distinguishing topological insulators and uncovering novel aspects of topological directional band-gap materials, even in the absence of in-gap states.

18.
Front Nutr ; 10: 1236216, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37899836

RESUMO

Introduction: Instant teas are particularly rich in tea polyphenols and caffeine and have great potential as food ingredients or additives to improve the quality of food and enhance their nutritional and commercial value. Methods: To determine the relationships between raw material, drying method, and sensory and other quality attributes, instant teas were prepared from three tea varieties, namely black, green and jasmine tea, using two drying methods, namely spray-drying (SD) and freeze-drying (FD). Results: Both the raw tea material and drying method influenced the quality of the finished instant teas. Black tea was quality stable under two drying, while green tea taste deteriorated much after SD. Jasmine tea must be produced from FD due to huge aroma deterioration after SD. FD produced instant tea with higher sensory quality, which was attributed to the lower processing temperature. Chemical compositional analysis and widely targeted metabolomics revealed that SD caused greater degradation of tea biochemical components. The flavonoids content changed markedly after drying, and metabolomics, combined with OPLS-DA, was able to differentiate the three varieties of tea. Instant tea preparations via SD often lost a large proportion of the original tea aroma compounds, but FD minimized the loss of floral and fruity aroma compounds. Changes in the tea flavonoids composition, especially during drying, contributed to the flavor development of instant tea. Discussion: These results will provide an practicle method for high-quality instant tea production through choosing proper raw tea material and lowering down drying temperature with non-thermal technologies like FD.

19.
Research (Wash D C) ; 6: 0235, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37711384

RESUMO

Classical-wave topological materials lacking intrinsic half-integer spins are less robust while more tunable. Here, we explore a single 3-dimensional phononic topological crystalline insulator that simultaneously exhibits a whole family of first-order quadratic surface, second-order hinge, and third-order corner states within the same bandgap. Such a topological crystalline insulator hosting all-order phases originates from the different topological nature when hierarchically projected onto different facets and lower dimensions, thus free from trivial cladding crystals. Our work offers an ideal platform for either robust wave propagation or localization in on-demand dimensions and may facilitate dimension division multiplexing technology.

20.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 14(29): 6639-6646, 2023 Jul 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37462463

RESUMO

CsPbI3 nanocrystals (NCs) have become a research hot spot in the field of light-emitting diodes (LEDs). Whereas, the long chain ligands with weak affinity to CsPbI3 NCs have prevented their further development and commercialization. Herein, a novel multidentate short ligand tetramethylthiuram disulfide (TMTD) was employed via a ligand exchange process to enhance hole mobility and decrease trap density of the CsPbI3 NCs film. Therefore, TMTD passivated CsPbI3 NCs LED exhibited 20.65% maximum external quantum efficiency and 3861 cd/m2 maximum luminance. Furthermore, TMTD passivated CsPbI3 NCs LED exhibited good operational stability with a 128 min half-lifetime. This strategy using multidentate short ligand passivation provides an effective way to promote perovskite LED development and commercialization.

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