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1.
J Orthop Translat ; 38: 65-75, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36313978

RESUMO

Background: Despite great advances in surgical techniques for rotator cuff tear (RCT) over the past decades, the postoperative failure rate of RCT is still high due to the poor healing competence of bone-tendon interface (BTI). The lymphatic vasculature plays a regulatory role in inflammatory disease and affects tissue healing. However, whether lymphangiogenesis and the role of lymphatic vasculature in the physiopathological process of rotator cuff (RC)injury remains unknown. Methods: In this study, we constructed a mouse RC injury model and the BTI samples were collected for measurement. Firstly, immunofluorescence was used to investigate the temporal and spatial distribution of lymphangiogenesis in BTI area at different post-injury time points. Subsequently, the mice of experimental group were gavaged with the lymphatic inhibitors (SAR131675) on the first postoperative day to inhibit lymphangiogenesis, while the control group was treated with the vehicle. At postoperative week 2 and 4, the samples were collected for immunofluorescence staining to evaluate lymphatic angiogenesis inhibition. At postoperative week 4 and 8, The supraspinatus (SS) tendon-humeral complexes were collected for bone morphometric, histological and biomechanical tests to assess the healing outcome of the BTI. Results: Immunofluorescence results showed that the lymphatic proliferation in the BTI injury area and increased in consistence with the healing time, and the lymphatic hyperplasia area significantly diminished at postoperative week 4. The lymphatic hyperplasia area in the SAR group was significantly lower than that in the control group both at 2 and 4 weeks postoperatively. Moreover, the administration of SAR131675 significantly impeded RC healing, as evidenced by lower histological scores, lower bone morphometric parameters, and worse biomechanical properties in comparison with that in control group at postoperative weeks 4 and 8. Conclusion: Lymphangiogenesis plays a positive role in RC healing, and targeting the lymphatic drainage at healing site may be a new therapeutic approach to promote RC injury repair. The translational potential of this article: This is the first study to assess the specific role of lymphatic vessels in RC healing, and improving lymphatic drainage may be a potential new therapeutic approach to facilitate repair of BTI. Further, our study provides a reference for possible future treatment of BTI by intervening the lymphatic system.

2.
JHEP Rep ; 5(1): 100604, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36440258

RESUMO

Background & Aims: SCY1-like pseudokinase 3 (SCYL3) was identified as a binding partner of ezrin, implicating it in metastasis. However, the clinical relevance and functional role of SCYL3 in cancer remain uncharacterized. In this study, we aimed to elucidate the role of SCYL3 in the progression of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Methods: The clinical significance of SCYL3 in HCC was evaluated in publicly available datasets and by qPCR analysis of an in-house HCC cohort. The functional significance and mechanistic consequences of SCYL3 were examined in SCYL3-knockdown/overexpressing HCC cells. In vivo tumor progression was evaluated in Tp53 KO/c-Myc OE mice using the sleeping beauty transposon system. Potential downstream pathways were investigated by co-immunoprecipitation, western blotting analysis and immunofluorescence staining. Results: SCYL3 is often overexpressed in HCC; it is preferentially expressed in metastatic human HCC tumors and is associated with worse patient survival. Suppression of SCYL3 in HCC cells attenuated cell proliferation and migration as well as in vivo metastasis. Intriguingly, endogenous SCYL3 overexpression increased tumor development and metastasis in Tp53 KO/c-Myc OE mice. Mechanistic investigations revealed that SCYL3 physically binds and regulates the stability and transactivating activity of ROCK2 (Rho kinase 2) via its C-terminal domain, leading to the increased formation of actin stress fibers and focal adhesions. Conclusions: These findings reveal that SCYL3 plays a critical role in promoting the progression of HCC and have implications for developing new therapeutic strategies to tackle metastatic HCC. Impact and implications: SCYL3 was first reported to be a binding partner of a metastasis-related gene, ezrin. To date, the clinical relevance and functional role of SCYL3 in cancer remain uncharacterized. Herein, we uncover its crucial role in liver cancer progression. We show that it physically binds and regulates the stability and transactivating activity of ROCK2 leading to HCC tumor progression. Our data provide mechanistic insight that SCYL3-mediated ROCK2 protein stability plays a pivotal role in growth and metastasis of HCC cells. Targeting SCYL3/ROCK2 signaling cascade may be a novel therapeutic strategy for treatment of HCC patients.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36184038

RESUMO

Cadmium (Cd) is a heavy metal contaminant and can be toxic to environment. What's more, Selenium (Se) protects organism as heavy metal antagonist. The present study aimed to investigate whether inorganic (Na2SeO3) or organic (L-SeMc) Se have an effect on the Cd bioaccumulation, antioxidant and immunity of the mud crab (Scylla paramamosain) under Cd exposure. The study showed that the concentration of Cd in hepatopancreas under Cd exposure was higher than the inorganic or organic Se group (P < 0.05), notably, Cd concentration of hepatopancreas in organic Se treatment is less than that in inorganic Se treatment (P < 0.05). Furthermore, this study analyzed 28 gene expression about antioxidant and immune from transcriptome, the result indicated that L-SeMc (organic Se) can reduced intracellular ROS production and oxidative damage. Furthermore, apoptosis was enhanced after Cd exposure, but Se could protect against apoptosis via expression of cathepsin B. Consequently, Organic Se may have a better effect than inorganic Se on reducing Cd toxicity. This study could provide the molecular basis that Se might alleviate Cd toxicity and increases the understanding of the environmental contaminant on crustaceans.


Assuntos
Braquiúros , Selênio , Animais , Braquiúros/metabolismo , Hepatopâncreas/metabolismo , Cádmio/toxicidade , Cádmio/metabolismo , Transcriptoma , Selênio/farmacologia , Estuários , Bioacumulação , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica
4.
Waste Manag ; 155: 269-280, 2023 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36403411

RESUMO

Leachate leakage poses a serious environmental risk to the safety of surrounding soils and groundwater. A much faster approach to reflect landfill leakage is the premise to mitigate the ecological risk of landfills. In this study, two landfills (BJ and WZ) were selected to investigate the leaching characteristics of various pollutants along the vadose soil depths. The physiochemical properties of underlying soils including NO3--N, NO2--N, NH4+-N, OM, TN, EC and Cl- exhibited a typical leaching dynamic along the depths. Among them, TN, NH4+-N, OM, NO3--N, and EC might be used as characteristic pollutants to evaluate the leachate leakage issues in landfilled sites. The genera Thiopseudomonas, Acinetobacter, Pseudomonas, and Hydrogenispora dominated in underlying soils. Compared to BJ samples, a more diverse and active microbiome capable of carbon and nitrogen cycles was observed in WZ samples, which was mainly ascribed to nutrients and elements contained in different types of soils. Among the environmental factors, nitrogenous compounds, SO42-, pH and EC had significant effects on the microbial community structures in the underlying soils. The relative abundances of Hydrogenispora and Caldicoprobacter might be used as characteristic microorganisms to evaluate the leachate leakage issues in landfilled sites. These results provided a deep insight into effects of leachate leakage in underlying soils, especially the pollutants vertical distribution and the corresponding microbial community structures.


Assuntos
Poluentes Ambientais , Microbiota , Solo , Carbono , Instalações de Eliminação de Resíduos
5.
Rapid Commun Mass Spectrom ; 37(1): e9419, 2023 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36260057

RESUMO

Metabolism is undoubtedly significantly correlated with the efficacy and safety of traditional Chinese medicine. In clinic, Qi-Yu-San-Long decoction (QYSLD) has achieved good results in the treatment of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Nevertheless, a detailed understanding of the compounds (prototypes and metabolites) of QYSLD and its dynamic metabolic profile in plasma has not been revealed. METHODS: In this study, a rapid and sensitive method based on ultra-performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-QTOF/MSE ), combined with a four-step analysis strategy, was established to investigate QYSLD metabolic profile in rat plasma. RESULTS: In all, 101 xenobiotics (41 prototypes and 60 QYSLD-related metabolites) were identified in rat plasma. The research uncovered metabolic profiles of alkaloids, saponins, flavonoids, iridoids, anthraquinones, and phenylpropanoids of QYSLD in rat plasma. The dynamic changes in these xenobiotics were also observed at different time intervals. At 0.5 h after oral administration, only 15 prototypes and 11 metabolites were detected. Within 24 h, 4 prototypes and 20 metabolites can still be detected. Four prototypes and 10 metabolites had the phenomenon of emergence-disappearance-reappearance in vivo. CONCLUSION: In rat plasma, 101 xenobiotics of QYSLD were identified and their dynamic metabolic profiles were systematically delineated, which laid a material basis for further research of the pharmacodynamic substances of QYSLD inhibiting NSCLC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Ratos , Animais , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem/métodos , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Cromatografia Líquida , Xenobióticos , Administração Oral
6.
Sci Total Environ ; 856(Pt 1): 159033, 2023 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36183665

RESUMO

Biochar application for the remediation of cadmium (Cd)-contaminated soils may result in a relative deficiency of phosphorus (P) due to the disruption of soil nutrient balance. However, the P acquisition strategies of plants in such situation are still unclear. In this study, analyses on soil zymography and root morphology were combined for the first time to investigate the effects of pristine and P-modified biochars from apple tree branches on the P acquisition strategies of wheat under Cd stress. The results show that the application of pristine biochar exacerbated the soil's relative P deficiency. Wheat was forced to improve foraging for P by forming longer and thinner roots (average diameter 0.284 mm) as well as releasing more phosphatase to promote P mobilization in the soil. Moreover, bioavailable Cd affected the P acquisition strategies of wheat through stimulating the release of phosphatase from roots. The P-modified biochar maintained high levels of Olsen-P (>100 mg kg-1) in the soil over time by slow release, avoiding the creation of relative P deficiency in the soil; and increased the average root diameter (0.338 mm) and growth performance index, which promoted shoot growth (length and biomass). Furthermore, the P-modified biochar reduced DTPA-extracted Cd concentration in soils by 79.8 % (pristine biochar by 26.9 %), and decreased the Cd translocation factor from root to shoot as well as Cd concentration in the shoots. Therefore, P-modified biochar has a great potential to regulate the soil element balance (carbon, nitrogen, and P), promote wheat growth, and remediate the Cd-contaminated soil.


Assuntos
Cádmio , Poluentes do Solo , Cádmio/análise , Solo , Triticum/metabolismo , Fósforo , Poluentes do Solo/análise , Carvão Vegetal , Monoéster Fosfórico Hidrolases
7.
Chemosphere ; 311(Pt 1): 136861, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36243096

RESUMO

Eliminating "sulfur starvation" caused by competition for sulfate transporters between chromate and sulfate is crucial to enhance the content of sulfur-containing compounds and improve the tolerance and reduction capability of Cr(VI) in bacteria. In this study, the effects of sulfur salts on the Cr(VI) bioremediation and the possible mechanism were investigated in Rhodobacter sphaeroides SC01 by cell imaging, spectroscopy, and biochemical measurements. The results showed that, when the concentration of metabisulfite was 2.0 g L-1, and the initial OD600 was 0.33, the reduction rate of R. sphaeroides SC01 reached up to 91.3% for 500 mg L-1 Cr(VI) exposure at 96 h. Moreover, thiosulfate and sulfite also markedly increased the concentration of reduced Cr(VI) in R. sphaeroides SC01. Furthermore, the characterization results revealed that -OH, -CONH, -COOH, -SO3, -PO3, and -S-S- played a major role in the adsorption of Cr, and Cr(III) reduced by bacteria was bioprecipitated in the production of Cr2P3S9 and CrPS4. In addition, R. sphaeroids SC01 combined with metabisulfite significantly increased the activity of glutathione peroxidase and the content of glutathione (GSH) and total sulfhydryl while decreasing reactive oxygen species (ROS) accumulation and cell death induced by Cr(VI) toxic. Overall, the results of this research revealed a highly efficient and reliable strategy for Cr(VI) removal by photosynthetic bacteria combined with sulfur salts in high-concentration Cr(VI)-contaminated wastewater.


Assuntos
Cromo , Sais , Sais/metabolismo , Cromo/química , Enxofre/farmacologia , Enxofre/metabolismo , Bactérias/metabolismo , Glutationa/metabolismo
8.
Exp Neurol ; 359: 114272, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36370841

RESUMO

A novel understanding of peripheral nerve injury is epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), which characterizes the process of dedifferentiation and transformation of Schwann cells after nerve injury. Despite being regarded as an important mechanism for healing nerve injuries, long-term EMT is the primary cause of fibrosis in other tissue organs. The potential mechanism promoting neurofibrosis in the process of chronic degeneration of nerve injury and the effects of motor neurons (MNs) transplantation on neurofibrosis and repair of nerve injury were studied by transcriptome sequencing and bioinformatics analysis, which were confirmed by in vivo and in vitro experiments. Even 3 months after nerve injury, the distal nerve maintained high levels of transforming growth factor ß-1 (TGFß-1) and Snail family transcriptional repressor 2 (Snai2). The microenvironment TGFß-1, Snai2 and endogenous TGFß-1 formed a positive feedback loop in vivo and in vitro, which may contribute to the sustained EMT state and neurofibrogenesis in the distal injured nerve. Inhibiting TGFß-1 and Snai2 expression and reversing EMT can be achieved by transferring MNs to distal nerves, and the removal of transplanted MNs is capable of reactivating EMT and promoting the growth of proximal axons. In conclusion, EMT persisting can be an explanation for distal neurofibrosis and a potential therapeutic target. By reversibly regulating EMT, MNs transplantation can alleviate neurofibrogenesis of distal nerve in chronic degeneration.


Assuntos
Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal , Transdução de Sinais , Células de Schwann/metabolismo , Neurônios Motores/metabolismo , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/metabolismo , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/farmacologia
9.
Environ Pollut ; 316(Pt 2): 120654, 2023 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36375577

RESUMO

To understand isotope distributions of PM2.5 in residential buildings and apply them for source identification, carbon (δ13C) and lead (Pb) isotope ratios in indoor and outdoor air of residential buildings were analyzed. Moreover, factor analysis (FA) was employed to investigate sources, which were compared through isotopic analyses. The average δ13C values of indoor air are -26.94 ± 1.22‰ and -27.04 ± 0.44‰ in warm (August to October) and cold (February to March) seasons, respectively, and the corresponding values for outdoor air are -26.77 ± 0.54‰ and -26.57 ± 0.39‰. The average 206Pb/207Pb (208Pb/207Pb) ratios of indoor air are 1.1584 ± 0.0091 (2.4309 ± 0.0125) and 1.1529 ± 0.0032 (2.4227 ± 0.0081) in warm and cold seasons, respectively, and the corresponding values for outdoor air are 1.1594 ± 0.0069 (2.4374 ± 0.0103) and 1.1538 ± 0.0077 (2.4222 ± 0.0085). Seasonal variation in δ13C values or Pb isotope ratios of indoor air was not significant, and similar results were obtained for outdoor air. Significant differences were not observed between δ13C values or Pb isotope ratios of indoor and outdoor air. Traffic emission is the major contributor to indoor and outdoor PM2.5 based on isotopic analyses; this result was consistent with the results of FA. The δ13C values of indoor air in buildings with poor ventilation conditions were significantly lighter than those of outdoor air. In summary, the spatial and seasonal variations of isotopes were similar in residential buildings, which can be used to identify sources of indoor PM2.5, and ventilation condition is an influencing factor.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Poluição do Ar em Ambientes Fechados , Estações do Ano , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Poluição do Ar em Ambientes Fechados/análise , Chumbo , Carbono , Isótopos , Material Particulado/análise , Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos , Tamanho da Partícula
10.
BMC Cancer ; 22(1): 335, 2022 Mar 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35346114

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to explore the efficacy and safety of transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) combined with apatinib and camrelizumab (TACE + AC) for unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), and the impact of the timing of the combination on it. METHODS: In this single-arm retrospective study, consecutive data of patients with unresectable HCC treated to our hospital from March 2017 to September 2021 were collected. These patients were treated with TACE and started on camrelizumab and apatinib within one week of TACE. Camrelizumab 200 mg intravenously once every three weeks and apatinib 250 mg orally once daily. Repeat TACE treatment was available on an on-demand basis. The primary endpoints were overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS). Secondary endpoints included objective response rate (ORR), disease control rate (DCR), and safety. The univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses were used to assess the effect of early and late combination on OS and PFS. RESULTS: A total of 80 patients were enrolled in this study. The median OS was 22.1 months (95% confidence interval [CI]: 13.8-30.5 months) and the median PFS was 15.7 months (95% CI: 14.7-16.6 months). The ORR was 58.8% (95% CI: 47.2-69.6) and DCR reached 81.2% (95% CI: 71.0-89.1). Multivariable Cox proportional hazard regression analyses showed that TACE late combined with apatinib and camrelizumab provided better OS than early combination (HR = 0.175, 95% CI:0.060-0.509, P = 0.001), as did PFS (HR = 0.422, 95% CI:0.184-0.967, P = 0.041). All treatment-related adverse events were tolerable, and no serious adverse events were observed. CONCLUSION: TACE combined with apatinib plus camrelizumab for patients with unresectable HCC has promising antitumor activity and a manageable safety profile. For unresectable HCC with large tumor burden, late combination provides better OS and PFS compared to early combination.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Quimioembolização Terapêutica , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Quimioembolização Terapêutica/efeitos adversos , Terapia Combinada , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Piridinas , Estudos Retrospectivos
11.
Bone Joint Res ; 11(12): 843-853, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36453022

RESUMO

AIMS: This study aimed to explore the role of small colony variants (SCVs) of Staphylococcus aureus in intraosseous invasion and colonization in patients with periprosthetic joint infection (PJI). METHODS: A PJI diagnosis was made according to the MusculoSkeletal Infection Society (MSIS) for PJI. Bone and tissue samples were collected intraoperatively and the intracellular invasion and intraosseous colonization were detected. Transcriptomics of PJI samples were analyzed and verified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). RESULTS: SCVs can be isolated from samples collected from chronic PJIs intraoperatively. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and immunofluorescence (IF) showed that there was more S. aureus in bone samples collected from chronic PJIs, but much less in bone samples from acute PJIs, providing a potential mechanism of PJI. Immunofluorescence results showed that SCVs of S. aureus were more likely to invade osteoblasts in vitro. Furthermore, TEM and IF also demonstrated that SCVs of S. aureus were more likely to invade and colonize in vivo. Cluster analysis and principal component analysis (PCA) showed that there were substantial differences in gene expression profiles between chronic and acute PJI. Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) analysis showed that these differentially expressed genes were enriched to chemokine-related signal pathways. PCR also verified these results. CONCLUSION: Our study has shown that the S. aureus SCVs have a greater ability to invade and colonize in bone, resulting in S. aureus remaining in bone tissues long-term, thus explaining the pathogenesis of chronic PJI.Cite this article: Bone Joint Res 2022;11(12):843-853.

12.
J Robot Surg ; 2022 Dec 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36469187

RESUMO

This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness and safety between single-port robotic-assisted partial nephrectomy (da Vinci SP system) with conventional robotic-assisted partial nephrectomy (da Vinci Si or Xi system). We systematically searched PubMed, Science Embase, Web of Science and Cochrane Library database for articles comparing single-port robotic-assisted partial nephrectomies (SP-RAPN) and conventional robotic-assisted partial nephrectomy (Con-RAPN) till September 2022. The principal outcomes included perioperative outcomes, complications, and oncologic outcomes were evaluated. A total of 586 patients were included in six studies. There were no significant differences in operative time (p = 0.19), transfusion rates (p = 0.11), off-clamp (p = 0.32), total perioperative milligram morphine equivalents (MME) (p = 0.44), intraoperative complications (p = 0.60), major complications (p = 0.84), overall complications (p = 0.90), positive surgical margins (PSM) (p = 0.75) and local recurrence (p = 0.50) between SP-RAPN and Con-RAPN. In addition, the marginal results were recorded in length of hospital stay subgroup (WMD - 0.35 days, 95% CI - 0.70, 0.01; p = 0.06) and blood loss (WMD - 27.16 ml, 95% CI - 56.90, 2.58; p = 0.07). However, SP-RAPN had longer warm ischemia time compared to Con-RAPN (WMD 3.42 min, 95% CI 1.71, 5.13; p < 0.0001). The results of this study demonstrated that SP-RAPN provided similar effectiveness and safety to Con-RAPN, while SP-RAPN might be associated with a marginally shorter length of hospital stay and less blood loss.

13.
IUBMB Life ; 2022 Dec 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36469534

RESUMO

Atherosclerosis, a chronic inflammatory disease that often leads to myocardial infarction and stroke, is mainly caused by lipid accumulation. Eukaryotic initiation factor 6 (Eif6) is a rate-limiting factor in protein translation of transcription factors necessary for lipogenesis. To determine whether Eif6 affects atherosclerosis, Eif6+/- mice were crossed into Apoe-/- background. Apoe-/-/Eif6+/- mice on high fat diet showed significant reduction in atherosclerotic lesions and necrotic core content in aortic root sections in comparison with Apoe-/- mice. RNA-Seq was used to investigate the effect of Eif6 in aorta. Deficiency of Eif6 shows broad effect on cell metabolism. Expression of genes for fatty acid synthesis including Fatty acid synthase (Fasn), Elovl3, Elovl6 and Acaca are down-regulated in aortas. Importantly, Fasn is decreased in macrophages. Results suggest that Eif6 deficiency may decrease atherosclerosis through inhibition of Fasn and lipids metabolism in macrophages.

14.
Heliyon ; 8(11): e11821, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36458310

RESUMO

Objective: Side effects in the psychotherapy are sometimes unavoidable. Therapists play a significant role in the side effects of psychotherapy, but there have been few quantitative studies on the mechanisms by which therapists contribute to them. Methods: We designed the psychotherapy Side Effects Questionnaire-Therapist Version (PSEQ-T) and released it online through an official WeChat account, where 530 therapists participated in the cross-sectional analysis. The therapists were classified into groups with and without perceptions of clients' side effects. A number of features were selected to distinguish the therapists by category. Six machine learning-based algorithms were selected and trained by our dataset to build classification models. We leveraged the Shapley Additive exPlanations (SHAP) method to quantify the importance of each feature to the therapist categories. Results: Our study demonstrated the following: (1) Of the therapists, 316 perceived clients' side effects in psychotherapy, with a 59.6% incidence of side effects; the most common type was "make the clients or patients feel bad" (49.8%). (2) A Random Forest-based machine-learning classifier offered the best predictive performance to distinguish the therapists with and without perceptions of clients' side effects, with an F1 score of 0.722 and an AUC value of 0.717. (3) "Therapists' psychological activity" was the most relevant feature for distinguishing the therapist category. Conclusions: Our study revealed that the therapist's mastery of the limitations of psychotherapy technology and theory, especially the awareness and construction of their psychological states, was the most critical factor in predicting the therapist's perception of the side effects of psychotherapy.

15.
J Infect Public Health ; 16(1): 55-63, 2022 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36470007

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Little is known about long-term effectiveness of COVID-19 vaccine in reducing severity and deaths associated with Omicron VOC not perturbed by prior infection and independent of oral anti-viral therapy and non-pharmaceutical (NPI). METHODS: A retrospective observational cohort study was applied to Taiwan community during the unprecedent large-scale outbreaks of Omicron BA.2 between April and August, 2022. Primary vaccination since March, 2021 and booster vaccination since January, 2022 were offered on population level. Oral Anti-viral therapy was also offered as of mid-May 2022. The population-based effectiveness of vaccination in reducing the risk of moderate and severe cases of and death from Omicron BA.2 with the consideration of NPI and oral anti-viral therapy were assessed by using Bayesian hierarchical models. RESULTS: The risks of three clinical outcomes associated with Omicron VOC infection were lowest for booster vaccination, followed by primary vaccination, and highest for incomplete vaccination with the consistent trends of being at increased risk for three outcomes from the young people aged 12 years or below until the elderly people aged 75 years or older with 7 age groups. Before the period using oral anti-viral therapy, complete primary vaccination with the duration more than 9 months before outbreaks conferred the statistically significant 47 % (23-64 %) reduction of death, 48 % (30-61 %) of severe disease, and 46 % (95 % CI: 37-54 %) of moderate disease after adjusting for 10-20 % independent effect of NPI. The benefits of booster vaccination within three months were further enhanced to 76 % (95 % CI: 67-86 %), 74 % (95 % CI: 67-80 %), and 61 % (95 % CI: 56-65 %) for three corresponding outcomes. The additional effectiveness of oral anti-viral therapy in reducing moderate disease was 13 % for the booster group and 5.8 % for primary vaccination. CONCLUSIONS: We corroborated population effectiveness of primary vaccination and its booster vaccination, independent of oral anti-viral therapy and NPI, in reducing severe clinical outcomes associated with Omicron BA.2 naïve infection population.

16.
Water Res ; 229: 119399, 2022 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36462257

RESUMO

The widespread use of chlorination (Cl2) in drinking water systems causes the selection of chlorine-resistant bacteria commonly with dense extracellular polymeric substance (EPS) against chlorine permeation, posing significant threat to public health. Herein, a nanowire-assisted electroporation (EP) via locally enhanced electric field was combined with Cl2 to construct the synergistic EP/Cl2 disinfection, with the purposes of inducing cell pores for chlorine permeation and bacterial inactivation. The synergistic effects of EP/Cl2 were observed for inactivation of chlorine-resistant Bacillus cereus (G+, 304 µg DOC-EPS/109 CFU) and Aeromonas media (G-, 35.8 µg), and chlorine-sensitive Escherichia coli (G-, 5.1 µg) that were frequent occurrence in drinking water systems. The EP/Cl2 enabled above 6 log B. cereus inactivation (undetectable live bacteria) at 1.5 V-EP and 0.9 mg/L-Cl2, which was much higher than the individual EP (1.11 log) and Cl2 (1.13 log) disinfection. The cell membrane integrity, intracellular free chlorine levels, and morphology analyses revealed that the electroporation-induced pores on cell wall/membrane destructed the bound EPS barrier for chlorine permeation, and the pore sizes were further enlarged by chlorine oxidation, hence facilitating bacterial inactivation via destroying the cell structures. The excellent disinfection performance for tap water and lake water also suggested its sound application potentials.

17.
Front Bioeng Biotechnol ; 10: 1050808, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36338116

RESUMO

D-Allose is a potential alternative to sucrose in the food industries and a useful additive for the healthcare products in the future. At present, the methods for large-scale production of D-allose are still under investigation, most of which are based on in vitro enzyme-catalyzed Izumoring epimerization. In contrast, fermentative synthesis of D-allose has never been reported, probably due to the absence of available natural microorganisms. In this work, we co-expressed D-galactose: H+ symporter (GalP), D-glucose isomerase (DGI), D-allulose 3-epimerase (DAE), and ribose-5-phosphate isomerase (RPI) in Escherichia coli, thereby constructing an in vivo Izumoring pathway for yielding D-allose from D-glucose. The carbon fluxes and carbon catabolite repression (CCR) were rationally regulated by knockout of FruA, PtsG, Glk, Mak, PfkA, and PfkB involved in the pathways capable of phosphorylating D-fructose, D-glucose, and fructose-6-phosphate. Moreover, the native D-allose transporter was damaged by inactivation of AlsB, thus driving the reversible Izumoring reactions towards the target product. Fermentation was performed in the M9 medium supplemented with glycerol as a carbon source and D-glucose as a substrate. The results show that the engineered E. coli cell factory was able to produce approximately 127.35 mg/L of D-allose after 84 h. Our achievements in the fermentative production of D-allose in this work may further promote the green manufacturing of rare sugars.

18.
iScience ; 25(11): 105349, 2022 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36325053

RESUMO

RNA species act as architectural scaffolds for nuclear structures including chromatin in eukaryotic cells. However, the composition and dynamics of tightly bound chromatin-associated RNAs during mitosis remains elusive. Here we report the identification of chromatin-enriched RNA (cheRNAs) by biochemical nuclear fractionation coupled with RNA sequencing in both interphase and mitotic phase of A549 and HeLa-S3 cell lines. We show that highly abundant cheRNAs, mostly small noncoding RNAs, are largely maintained in mitotic chromatin, and constitute a substantial part of chromatin RNA throughout cell cycle. We also show that the mitotic retained cheRNAs tend to be cell type nonspecific and might be involved in chromatin accessibility and epigenetic memory of gene expression control. Therefore, we reveal an unexpected set of cell type-nonspecific mitotic retained chromatin-enriched RNAs. We anticipate that the landscape of RNA composition of chromatin both in interphase and mitotic phase would help understanding structure and function of chromatin.

19.
ISA Trans ; 2022 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36357220

RESUMO

Tracing the sources of cyber-attacks in Power Industrial Control Systems (PICS) can help the defense systems to block the attacks, and support the decision of the grid control policies. However, there has been no work on the cyber-attack source traceback for PICS, and the methods for the Internet are not suitable for PICS in terms of fineness, real-time performance, and supporting communication protocols. Therefore, a method for tracing cyber-attacks in PICS is proposed. First, the communication network architecture of PICS and the cyber security threats to PICS are analyzed. Then, an extended hybrid tracing method (ExtHT) based on packet marking and packet logging is proposed. This method involves all the devices working at the data link layer and upper layers to achieve more fine-grained attack tracing. At the same time, taking the costs of attack tracing into consideration, a coarse-grained tracing mode is presented to improve the tracing speed. In addition, a log database optimization scheme is provided to reduce storage costs. To facilitate the application of this method in practice, a cyber-attack source tracing system and its deployment architecture are designed for PICS. Further, the applicability and limitations of ExtHT are analyzed, theory ratiocinations are given to justify our ExtHT, and the performance of our ExtHT is compared with that of existing mainstream methods. Finally, two cyber-attack scenarios against PICS are constructed and the feasibility of ExtHT is verified on them.

20.
Echocardiography ; 2022 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36376261

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The success of transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) in native aortic regurgitation (AR) is limited by the absence of calcified anchoring structures. We sought to evaluate transfemoral TAVR in patients with native AR using a novel aortic root imaging classification. METHODS: From March to November 2021, 81 patients with severe AR were prospectively enrolled in 2 cardiac centers in China. All were evaluated using multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) and classified into 4 anatomic types in reference to transcatheter heart valve (THV) anchoring: Type 1: anchoring at the left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT), annulus, and ascending aorta (AA); Type 2: anchoring at the annulus and AA; Type 3: anchoring at the annulus and LVOT; and Type 4: anchoring at only 1 level or none at all. Based on the dual-anchoring strategy, patients with Types 1-3 were considered TAVR candidates. Procedural and 30-day outcomes were assessed according to Valve Academic Research Consortium-3 definitions. RESULTS: TAVR was performed in 32 (39.5%) patients (71.9 ± 8.0 years of age, 71.9% were male) using 2 self-expanding THVs. Types 1, 2, and 3 comprised 13 (40.6%), 11 (34.4%), and 8 (25.0%) cases, respectively. The procedural and device success rates were 100% and 93.8%, respectively, with 2 THV migration. Eight patients (25.0%) required a permanent pacemaker, and 2 (6.3%) developed moderate paravalvular leaks. No deaths or other major complications occurred during the study. CONCLUSIONS: The novel anatomic classification and dual-anchoring strategy were associated with a high procedural success rate with favorable short-term safety and clinical outcomes.

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