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1.
Heliyon ; 10(9): e30456, 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38720716

RESUMO

Potatoes, as a high-nitrogen (N)-demand crop, are strongly influenced by both the quantity and form of N supply. Previous studies have demonstrated that applying nitrate N prior to tuber formation and ammonium N post-tuber formation can substantially enhance potato yields and improve N fertilizer use efficiency. However, the ammonium N introduced into the soil undergoes nitrification, creating challenges in aligning the N supply form with the needs of potatoes. This study explored novel N regulation strategies aimed at augmenting potato yields and improving N fertilizer use efficiency. Two field experiments were conducted from 2020 to 2022. Experiment 1 involved four N gradients, namely no N, 150 kg N ha-1, 300 kg N ha-1, and 450 kg N ha-1. Soil samples were collected regularly to determine the transformation patterns of soil ammonium N during potato growth. Experiment 2 included three N management practices: farmer practice (Con), "nitrate followed by ammonium" with nitrification inhibitor (N-NI), and optimization (the soil ammonium N transformation-based split application of N fertilizer, Opt). The potato yield and N fertilizer use efficiency were compared to assess the performance of the optimized strategy. The results showed that 90 % of the ammonium N transformed 20 days after the basal dressing of N. When N fertilizer was applied as top dressing during the tuber formation and bulking stages, more than 90 % of ammonium N was transformed after 10 days. The optimized strategy resulted in a 20 % increase in potato yield, a 20 % increase in N fertilizer partial factor productivity, and a 12-20 % reduction in residual inorganic N in the 0-60 cm soil layer. This suggests that ammonium N applied as base fertilizer exhibits a relatively slow transformation rate, while applying ammonium N as top dressing during the tuber formation and bulking stages accelerates the transformation rate. The split application of ammonium N based on soil ammonium N transformation patterns can improve the alignment between the N supply form with the specific demands of potatoes.

2.
Small ; : e2309891, 2024 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38721972

RESUMO

Although the current cancer photothermal therapy (PTT) can produce a powerful therapeutic effect, tumor cells have been proved a protective mechanism through autophagy. In this study, a novel hybrid theranostic nanoparticle (CaCO3@CQ@pDB NPs, CCD NPs) is designed and prepared by integrating a second near-infrared (NIR-II) absorbed conjugated polymer DTP-BBT (pDB), CaCO3, and autophagy inhibitor (chloroquine, CQ) into one nanosystem. The conjugated polymer pDB with asymmetric donor-acceptor structure shows strong NIR-II absorbing capacity, of which the optical properties and photothermal generation mechanism of pDB are systematically analyzed via molecular theoretical calculation. Under NIR-II laser irradiation, pDB-mediated PTT can produce powerful killing ability to tumor cells. At the same time, heat stimulates a large amount of Ca2+ inflow, causing calcium overload induced mitochondrial damage and enhancing the apoptosis of tumor cells. Besides, the released CQ blocks the self-protection mechanism of tumor cells and greatly enhances the attack of PTT and calcium overload therapy. Both in vitro and in vivo experiments confirm that CCD NPs possess excellent NIR-II theranostic capacity, which provides a new nanoplatform for anti-tumor therapy and builds great potential for future clinical research.

3.
Sci Total Environ ; : 173193, 2024 May 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38744393

RESUMO

O3 pollution in China has become prominent in recent years, and it has become one of the most challenging issues in air pollution control. We used data on atmospheric pollutants and meteorology from 2019 to 2021 to build an interpretable random forest (RF) model, applying this model to predict O3 concentration in 2022 in five cities in the Southwest North China Plain. The model was also used to identify and explain the influence of various factors on O3 formation. The correlation coefficient R2 between the predicted O3 concentration and observed O3 concentration was 0.82, the MAE was 15.15 µg/m3, and the RMSE was 20.29 µg/m3, indicating that the model can effectively predict O3 concentration in the studying area. The results of correlation analysis, feature importance, and the driving factor analysis from SHapley Additive exPlanations (SHAP) model indicated that temperature (T), NO2, and relative humidity (RH) are the top three features affecting O3 prediction, while the weights of wind speed and wind direction were relatively low. Thus, O3 in the southwestern region of Henan may mainly come from the formation of local photochemical activities. The dominant factors behind O3 also varied in different seasons. In spring and autumn, O3 pollution is more likely to occur under high NO2 concentration and high-temperature conditions, while in summer, it is more likely to occur under high-temperature and precipitation-free weather. In winter, NO2 is the dominant factor in O3 formation. Finally, the interpretable RF model is used to predict future O3 concentration based on features provided by Community Multiscale Air Quality (CMAQ) and Weather Research & Forecast (WRF) model, and the simulation performance of CMAQ on O3 concentration is enhanced to a certain extent, improving the prediction of future O3 pollution situations and guiding pollution control.

4.
bioRxiv ; 2024 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38746285

RESUMO

Lyme disease is a tick-borne, multisystem infection caused by the spirochete, Borreliella burgdorferi . Although antibodies have been implicated in the resolution of Lyme disease, the specific B cell epitopes targeted during human infections remain largely unknown. In this study, we characterized and defined the structural epitope of a patient-derived bactericidal monoclonal IgG ("B11") against Outer surface protein C (OspC), a homodimeric lipoprotein necessary for B. burgdorferi tick-mediated transmission and early-stage colonization of vertebrate hosts. High-resolution epitope mapping was accomplished through hydrogen deuterium exchange-mass spectrometry (HDX-MS) and X-ray crystallography. Structural analysis of B11 Fab-OspC A complexes revealed the B11 Fabs associated in a 1:1 stoichiometry with the lateral faces of OspC A homodimers such that the antibodies are essentially positioned perpendicular to the spirochete's outer surface. B11's primary contacts reside within the membrane proximal regions of α-helices 1 and 6 and adjacent loops 5 and 6 in one OspC A monomer. In addition, B11 spans the OspC A dimer interface, engaging opposing α-helix 1', α-helix 2', and loop 2-3' in the second OspC A monomer. The B11-OspC A structure is reminiscent of the recently solved mouse transmission blocking monoclonal IgG B5 in complex with OspC A , indicating a mode of engagement with OspC that is conserved across species. In conclusion, we provide the first detailed insight into the interaction between a functional human antibody and an immunodominant Lyme disease antigen long considered an important vaccine target.

5.
Transl Cancer Res ; 13(4): 1665-1684, 2024 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38737689

RESUMO

Background: Early-onset colorectal cancer (EOCRC) is increasing in incidence and poses a growing threat. Urgent research is needed, especially in survival analysis, to enhance comprehension and treatment strategies. This study aimed to explore the risk factors associated with cancer-specific mortality (CSM) and other-cause mortality (OCM) in patients with EOCRC. Additionally, the study aimed to develop a nomogram predicting CSM using a competitive risk model and validate its accuracy through the use of training, using internal and external cohorts. Methods: Data from EOCRC patients were collected from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database (2008-2017). EOCRC patients who were treated at a tertiary hospital in northeast China between 2014 and 2020 were also included in the study. The SEER data were divided into the training and validation sets at a 7:3 ratio. A univariate Cox regression model was employed to identify prognostic factors. Subsequently, multivariate Cox regression models were applied to ascertain the presence of independent risk factors. A nomogram was generated to visualize the results, which were evaluated using the concordance index (C-index), area under the curve (AUC), and calibration curves. The clinical utility was assessed via decision curve analysis (DCA). Results: Multivariable Cox regression analysis demonstrated that factors such as race, tumor differentiation, levels of carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), marital status, histological type, American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) stage, and surgical status were independent risk factors for CSM in EOCRC patients. In addition, age, gender, chemotherapy details, CEA levels, marital status, and AJCC stage were established as independent risk factors for OCM in individuals diagnosed with EOCRC. A nomogram was developed using the identified independent risk factors, demonstrating excellent performance with a C-index of 0.806, 0.801, and 0.810 for the training, internal validation, and external validation cohorts, respectively. The calibration curves and AUC further confirmed the accuracy and discriminative ability of the nomogram. Furthermore, the DCA results indicated that the model had good clinical value. Conclusions: In this study, a competing risk model for CSM was developed in EOCRC patients. The model demonstrates a high level of predictive accuracy, providing valuable insights into the treatment decision-making process.

6.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 10523, 2024 May 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38719833

RESUMO

Featuring low power loss and high reliability, voltage source converter medium voltage direct current (VSC-MVDC) systems have been widely employed for grid-tied renewable energy applications. To maintain high operational safety, circuit breakers are needed to isolate faulted powerlines by comprehensively considering response speed and installation cost. Research efforts have been put to realizing DC fault isolation by coordinating resistive type superconducting fault current limiter (R-SFCL) and integrated-gate-commutated-thyristor (IGCT) based hybrid DC circuit breaker. In this paper, a controllable current commutation based superconducting DC circuit breaker (CCCB-SDCCB) is proposed. By integrating R-SFCL with IGCT based hybrid DC circuit breakers, the current interrupting capacity can be greatly enlarged with the advantage of low cost and fast speed, and hence the overall cost for suppress large fault currents can be greatly reduced for MVDC systems. In addition, a new current injection circuit branch using H-bridge structure is designed to recycle the residual capacitor voltage from the previous fault stage to trigger the IGCTs without the capacitor pre-charging process. Simulation results show that the fault current can be successfully suppressed from 24.2 to 2.1 kA and fully interrupted within 4.11 ms by the proposed CCCB-SDCCB.

7.
Int J Med Robot ; 20(3): e2635, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38733580

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Rotational alignment in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is a crucial technical point that needs attention. We conducted a retrospective study to investigate whether a new robot-assisted TKA (RA-TKA) could improve the accuracy of rotational alignment and whether rotational alignment affects postoperative pain and functional evaluation of the knee. METHODS: A total of 136 consecutive patients who underwent TKA were included in this study. Half of the patients underwent RA-TKA and the other half underwent conventional TKA (CON-TKA) by the same group of surgeons. Collect the relevant parameters. RESULTS: The postoperative femoral rotation angle (FRA) was -0.72 ± 2.59° in the robot-assisted group and 1.13 ± 2.73° in the conventional group, and were statistically significantly different (p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: This study provides preliminary evidence that the RA-TKA provides more precise control of FRA than CON-TKA, and verifies that tibial rotation angle and combined rotation angle affect postoperative knee pain and functional evaluation.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho , Fêmur , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos , Humanos , Artroplastia do Joelho/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Feminino , Masculino , Idoso , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Rotação , Fêmur/cirurgia , Articulação do Joelho/cirurgia , Articulação do Joelho/fisiopatologia , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Dor Pós-Operatória/prevenção & controle , Dor Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
ACS Nano ; 18(19): 12560-12568, 2024 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38700899

RESUMO

Spin in semiconductors facilitates magnetically controlled optoelectronic and spintronic devices. In metal halide perovskites (MHPs), doping magnetic ions is proven to be a simple and efficient approach to introducing a spin magnetic momentum. In this work, we present a facile metal ion doping protocol through the vapor-phase metal halide insertion reaction to the chemical vapor deposition (CVD)-grown ultrathin Cs3BiBr6 perovskites. The Fe-doped bismuth halide (Fe:CBBr) perovskites demonstrate that the iron spins are successfully incorporated into the lattice, as revealed by the spin-phonon coupling below the critical temperature Tc around 50 K observed through temperature-dependent Raman spectroscopy. Furthermore, the phonons exhibit significant softening under an applied magnetic field, possibly originating from magnetostriction and spin exchange interaction. The spin-phonon coupling in Fe:CBBr potentially provides an efficient way to tune the spin and lattice parameters for halide perovskite-based spintronics.

9.
Environ Pollut ; : 124178, 2024 May 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38763294

RESUMO

Cadmium (Cd) pollution has been a significant concern in heavy metal pollution, prompting plants to adopt various strategies to mitigate its damage. While the response of plants to Cd stress and the impact of exogenous melatonin has received considerable attention, there has been limited focus on the responses of closely related species to these factors. Consequently, our investigation aimed to explore the response of three different species of rape to Cd stress and examine the influence of exogenous melatonin in this scenario. The research findings revealed distinctive responses among the investigated rape species. B. campestris showed the resistance to Cd and exhibited lower Cd absorption and sustained its physiological activity under Cd stress. In contrast, B. juncea accumulated much Cd and increased the amount of anthocyanin to mitigate the Cd-damage. Furthermore, B. napus showed the tolerance to Cd and tended to accumulate Cd in vacuoles under Cd stress, thereby decreasing the Cd damage and leading to higher activity of antioxidant enzymes and photosynthesis. Moreover, the application of exogenous melatonin significantly elevated the melatonin level in plants and mitigated Cd toxicity by promoting the activity of antioxidant enzymes, reducing Cd absorption, enhancing the chelating capacity with Cd, decreasing Cd accumulation in organelles, and reducing its fluidity. Specifically, exogenous melatonin increased the FHAc content in B. campestris, elevated the phytochelatins (PCs) level in B. napus, and stimulated photosynthesis in B. juncea. In summary, the findings underscore the species-specific responses of the three species of rape to both Cd stress and exogenous melatonin, highlighting the potential for tailored mitigation strategies based on the unique characteristics of each species.

10.
Sensors (Basel) ; 24(9)2024 Apr 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38732775

RESUMO

Photoacoustic imaging (PAI) is a rapidly developing emerging non-invasive biomedical imaging technique that combines the strong contrast from optical absorption imaging and the high resolution from acoustic imaging. Abnormal biological tissues (such as tumors and inflammation) generate different levels of thermal expansion after absorbing optical energy, producing distinct acoustic signals from normal tissues. This technique can detect small tissue lesions in biological tissues and has demonstrated significant potential for applications in tumor research, melanoma detection, and cardiovascular disease diagnosis. During the process of collecting photoacoustic signals in a PAI system, various factors can influence the signals, such as absorption, scattering, and attenuation in biological tissues. A single ultrasound transducer cannot provide sufficient information to reconstruct high-precision photoacoustic images. To obtain more accurate and clear image reconstruction results, PAI systems typically use a large number of ultrasound transducers to collect multi-channel signals from different angles and positions, thereby acquiring more information about the photoacoustic signals. Therefore, to reconstruct high-quality photoacoustic images, PAI systems require a significant number of measurement signals, which can result in substantial hardware and time costs. Compressed sensing is an algorithm that breaks through the Nyquist sampling theorem and can reconstruct the original signal with a small number of measurement signals. PAI based on compressed sensing has made breakthroughs over the past decade, enabling the reconstruction of low artifacts and high-quality images with a small number of photoacoustic measurement signals, improving time efficiency, and reducing hardware costs. This article provides a detailed introduction to PAI based on compressed sensing, such as the physical transmission model-based compressed sensing method, two-stage reconstruction-based compressed sensing method, and single-pixel camera-based compressed sensing method. Challenges and future perspectives of compressed sensing-based PAI are also discussed.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Técnicas Fotoacústicas , Técnicas Fotoacústicas/métodos , Humanos , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador/métodos , Diagnóstico por Imagem/métodos , Transdutores
11.
Minerva Med ; 2024 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38727704

RESUMO

Stroke confers a severe global healthcare burden, hence exploring risk factors for stroke occurrence and prognosis is important for stroke prevention and post-stroke management strategies. Endogenous fibrinolysis is a spontaneous physiological protective mechanism that dissolves thrombus to maintain vascular patency. Recently, impaired endogenous fibrinolysis has been considered as a potential novel cardiovascular risk factor, but its link with ischaemic stroke in the past has been underappreciated. In this review, we summarize the latest mechanisms of endogenous fibrinolysis, review the current evidence and data on endogenous fibrinolysis in ischemic stroke. It includes the structure of thrombus in ischemic stroke patients, the effect of fibrin structure on the endogenous fibrinolytic efficiency, and the association between intravenous thrombolytic therapy and endogenous fibrinolysis in ischemic stroke. It also includes the single factors (tissue plasminogen activator, urokinase plasminogen activator, plasminogen activator inhibitor-1, thrombin activatable fibrinolysis inhibitor, complement component 3, complement component 5, alpha-2-antiplasmin, plasmin-alpha-2-antiplasmin complex, and lipoprotein[a]), and the global assessments of endogenous fibrinolysis status (thromboelastography, rotational thromboelastometry, and global thrombosis test), and their potential as predictors to identify occurrence or unfavorable functional outcomes of ischemic stroke. All of these assessments present advantages and limitations, and we suggest that the global thrombosis test may be more appropriate for detecting impaired endogenous fibrinolysis status in ischemic stroke patients.

12.
BMC Genomics ; 25(1): 458, 2024 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38730432

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: While rabbits are used as models in skin irritation tests, the presence of irregular patches and thickening on the dorsal skin can affect precise evaluation. In this study, genes associated with patchiness or non-patchiness on the dorsal skin of New Zealand rabbits were investigated to identify potential regulators of the patchiness phenotype. RESULTS: The results showed that parameters associated with hair follicles (HFs), such as HF density, skin thickness, and HF depth, were augmented in rabbits with the patchiness phenotype relative to the non-patchiness phenotype. A total of 592 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified between the two groups using RNA-sequencing. These included KRT72, KRT82, KRT85, FUT8, SOX9, and WNT5B. The functions of the DEGs were investigated by GO and KEGG enrichment analyses. A candidate gene, KRT82, was selected for further molecular function verification. There was a significant positive correlation between KRT82 expression and HF-related parameters, and KRT82 overexpression and knockdown experiments with rabbit dermal papilla cells (DPCs) showed that it regulated genes related to skin and HF growth and development. Investigation of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the exons and promoter region of KRT82 identified four SNPs in the promoter region but none in the exons. The G.-631G > T, T.-696T > C, G.-770G > T and A.-873 A > C alleles conformed to the Hardy - Weinberg equilibrium, and three identified haplotypes showed linkage disequilibrium. Luciferase reporter assays showed that the core promoter region of KRT82 was located in the - 600 to - 1200 segment, in which the four SNPs were located. CONCLUSIONS: The morphological characteristics of the patchiness phenotype were analyzed in New Zealand rabbits and DEGs associated with this phenotype were identified by RNA-sequencing. The biological functions of the gene KRT82 associated with this phenotype were analyzed, and four SNPs were identified in the promoter region of the gene. These findings suggest that KRT82 may be a potential biomarker for the breeding of experimental New Zealand rabbits.


Assuntos
Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , Pele , Animais , Coelhos , Pele/metabolismo , Fenótipo , Folículo Piloso/metabolismo
13.
Mol Cancer ; 23(1): 99, 2024 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38730464

RESUMO

The gut microbiota has been demonstrated to be correlated with the clinical phenotypes of diseases, including cancers. However, there are few studies on clinical subtyping based on the gut microbiota, especially in breast cancer (BC) patients. Here, using machine learning methods, we analysed the gut microbiota of BC, colorectal cancer (CRC), and gastric cancer (GC) patients to identify their shared metabolic pathways and the importance of these pathways in cancer development. Based on the gut microbiota-related metabolic pathways, human gene expression profile and patient prognosis, we established a novel BC subtyping system and identified a subtype called "challenging BC". Tumours with this subtype have more genetic mutations and a more complex immune environment than those of other subtypes. A score index was proposed for in-depth analysis and showed a significant negative correlation with patient prognosis. Notably, activation of the TPK1-FOXP3-mediated Hedgehog signalling pathway and TPK1-ITGAE-mediated mTOR signalling pathway was linked to poor prognosis in "challenging BC" patients with high scores, as validated in a patient-derived xenograft (PDX) model. Furthermore, our subtyping system and score index are effective predictors of the response to current neoadjuvant therapy regimens, with the score index significantly negatively correlated with both treatment efficacy and the number of immune cells. Therefore, our findings provide valuable insights into predicting molecular characteristics and treatment responses in "challenging BC" patients.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Humanos , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/microbiologia , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Feminino , Prognóstico , Animais , Camundongos , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Transdução de Sinais , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto , Multiômica
14.
JAMA Oncol ; 2024 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38722640

RESUMO

Importance: Given a gradient relationship between fecal hemoglobin (f-Hb) concentration and colorectal neoplasia demonstrated previously, using f-Hb-guided interscreening interval has increasingly gained attention in population-based fecal immunological test (FIT), but it is very rare to address how to implement such a precision strategy and whether it can economize the use of FIT and colonoscopy. Objective: To demonstrate the applicability of personalized colorectal cancer (CRC) screening with f-Hb-guided screening intervals to reduce the number of FITs and colonoscopy with as equivalent efficacy as universal biennial screening equivalent efficacy as universal biennial screening. Design, Setting, and Participants: A retrospective cohort study for developing f-Hb-guided precision interscreening interval was conducted using data on a Taiwanese biennial nationwide FIT screening program that enrolled more than 3 million participants aged 50 to 74 years between 2004 and 2014. The cohort was followed up over time until 2019 to ascertain colorectal neoplasia and causes of death. A comparative study was further designed to compare the use of FIT and colonoscopy between the personalized f-Hb-guided group and the universal biennial screening group given the equivalent efficacy of reducing CRC-related outcomes. Main Outcomes and Measurements: A spectrum of f-Hb-guided intervals was determined by using the Poisson regression model given the equivalent efficacy of a universal biennial screening. The use of FIT and colonoscopy for the pragmatic f-Hb-guided interval group was measured compared with the universal biennial screening group. Data analysis was performed from September 2022 to October 2023. Results: Using data from the 3 500 250 participants (mean [SD] age, 57.8 [6.0] years) enrolled in the Taiwanese biennial nationwide FIT screening program, an incremental increase in baseline f-Hb associated with colorectal neoplasia and CRC mortality consistently was observed. Participants with different f-Hb levels were classified into distinct risk categories. Various screening intervals by different f-Hb levels were recommended. Using the proposed f-Hb-guided screening intervals, it was found that the personalized method was imputed to reduce the number of FIT tests and colonoscopies by 49% and 28%, respectively, compared with the universal biennial screening. Conclusion and Relevance: The gradient relationship between f-Hb and colorectal neoplasia and CRC mortality was used to develop personalized FIT screening with f-Hb-guided screening intervals. Such a precision interscreening interval led to the reduced use of FIT test and colonoscopy without compromising the effectiveness of universal biennial screening.

15.
J Ovarian Res ; 17(1): 98, 2024 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38725001

RESUMO

Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome (OHSS) is a systemic condition marked by the enlargement of the ovaries and heightened vascular permeability. And hypothyroidism (HT) emerges as a potential risk factor for OHSS occurrence. This review presented a comprehensive summary of pertinent case reports involving patients diagnosed with both HT and OHSS. Detailed exploration was conducted into their clinical presentations, diagnostic methodologies, and treatment modalities. Additionally, the review delved into potential interaction mechanisms between HT and OHSS, encompassing various aspects including hormone levels. Moreover, management strategies for mitigating the risk of OHSS in HT patients were thoroughly reviewed and the importance of monitoring thyroid function in those experiencing OHSS was emphasized. This review indicated that the association between HT and OHSS, underscoring its multifaceted complexity. It could accentuate the ongoing necessity for rigorous research and clinical refinement to deepen our comprehension of this association and to bolster diagnostic and therapeutic methodologies for optimal patient care. In conclusion, this review offered valuable insights for future research directions and clinical practices for patients afflicted with OHSS and HT.


Assuntos
Hipotireoidismo , Síndrome de Hiperestimulação Ovariana , Humanos , Síndrome de Hiperestimulação Ovariana/complicações , Síndrome de Hiperestimulação Ovariana/terapia , Síndrome de Hiperestimulação Ovariana/etiologia , Hipotireoidismo/complicações , Feminino , Fatores de Risco
16.
J Phys Chem B ; 128(19): 4728-4734, 2024 May 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38693711

RESUMO

The Mn4CaO5 cluster, featuring four ligand water molecules (W1 to W4), serves as the water-splitting site in photosystem II (PSII). X-ray free electron laser (XFEL) structures exhibit an additional oxygen site (O6) adjacent to the O5 site in the fourth lowest oxidation state, S3, forming Mn4CaO6. Here, we investigate the mechanism of the second water ligand molecule at the dangling Mn (W2) as a potential incorporating species, using a quantum mechanical/molecular mechanical (QM/MM) approach. Previous QM/MM calculations demonstrated that W1 releases two protons through a low-barrier H-bond toward D1-Asp61 and subsequently releases an electron during the S2 to S3 transition, resulting in O•- at W1 and protonated D1-Asp61. During the process of Mn4CaO6 formation, O•-, rather than H2O or OH-, best reproduced the O5···O6 distance. Although the catalytic cluster with O•- at O6 is more stable than that with O•- at W1 in S3, it does not occur spontaneously due to the significantly uphill deprotonation process. Assuming O•- at W2 incorporates into the O6 site, an exergonic conversion from Mn1(III)Mn2(IV)Mn3(IV)Mn4(IV) (equivalent to the open-cubane S2 valence state) to Mn1(IV)Mn2(IV)Mn3(IV)Mn4(III) (equivalent to the closed-cubane S2 valence state) occurs. These findings provide energetic insights into the deprotonation and structural conversion events required for the Mn4CaO6 formation.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38758500

RESUMO

Due to the unique physiological barriers within the lungs, there are considerable challenges in developing drug delivery systems enabling prolonged drug exposure to respiratory epithelial cells. Here, we report a PulmoSphere-based dry powder technology that incorporates a drug-phospholipid complex to promote intracellular retention of dehydroandrographolide succinate (DAS) in respiratory epithelial cells following pulmonary delivery. The DAS-phospholipid complex has the ability to self-assemble into nanoparticles. After spray-drying to produce PulmoSphere microparticles loaded with the drug-phospholipid complex, the rehydrated microparticles discharge the phospholipid complex without altering its physicochemical properties. The microparticles containing the DAS-phospholipid complex exhibit remarkable aerodynamic properties with a fine particle fraction of ∼ 60% and a mass median aerodynamic diameter of ∼ 2.3 µm. These properties facilitate deposition in the alveolar region. In vitro cell culture and lung tissue explants experiments reveal that the drug-phospholipid complex prolongs intracellular residence time and lung tissue retention due to the slow intracellular disassociation of drug from the complex. Once deposited in the lungs, the DAS-phospholipid complex loaded microparticles increase and extend drug exposure to the lung tissues and the immune cells compared to the free DAS counterpart. The improved drug exposure to airway epithelial cells, but not immune cells, is related to a prolonged duration of pulmonary anti-inflammation at decreased doses in a mouse model of acute lung injury induced by lipopolysaccharide. Overall, the phospholipid complex loaded microparticles present a promising approach for improved treatment of respiratory diseases, e.g. pneumonia and acute respiratory distress syndrome.

18.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 11117, 2024 05 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38750104

RESUMO

Oligonucleotide synthesis is vital for molecular experiments. Bioinformatics has been employed to create various algorithmic tools for the in vitro synthesis of nucleotides. The main approach to synthesizing long-chain DNA molecules involves linking short-chain oligonucleotides through ligase chain reaction (LCR) and polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Short-chain DNA molecules have low mutation rates, while LCR requires complementary interfaces at both ends of the two nucleic acid molecules or may alter the conformation of the nucleotide chain, leading to termination of amplification. Therefore, molecular melting temperature, length, and specificity must be considered during experimental design. POSoligo is a specialized offline tool for nucleotide fragment synthesis. It optimizes the oligonucleotide length and specificity based on input single-stranded DNA, producing multiple contiguous long strands (COS) and short patch strands (POS) with complementary ends. This process ensures free 5'- and 3'-ends during oligonucleotide synthesis, preventing secondary structure formation and ensuring specific binding between COS and POS without relying on stabilizing the complementary strands based on Tm values. POSoligo was used to synthesize the linear RBD sequence of SARS-CoV-2 using only one DNA strand, several POSs for LCR ligation, and two pairs of primers for PCR amplification in a time- and cost-effective manner.


Assuntos
SARS-CoV-2 , Software , SARS-CoV-2/genética , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase/métodos , Oligonucleotídeos/química , Oligonucleotídeos/genética , COVID-19/virologia , Biologia Computacional/métodos , DNA de Cadeia Simples/genética , DNA de Cadeia Simples/química
19.
Biofabrication ; 16(3)2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38697099

RESUMO

Rotator cuff tear is one of the most common musculoskeletal disorders, which often results in recurrent shoulder pain and limited movement. Enthesis is a structurally complex and functionally critical interface connecting tendon and bone that plays an essential role in maintaining integrity of the shoulder joint. Despite the availability of advanced surgical procedures for rotator cuff repair, there is a high rate of failure following surgery due to suboptimal enthesis healing and regeneration. Novel strategies based on tissue engineering are gaining popularity in improving tendon-bone interface (TBI) regeneration. Through incorporating physical and biochemical cues into scaffold design which mimics the structure and composition of native enthesis is advantageous to guide specific differentiation of seeding cells and facilitate the formation of functional tissues. In this review, we summarize the current state of research in enthesis tissue engineering highlighting the development and application of biomimetic scaffolds that replicate the gradient TBI. We also discuss the latest techniques for fabricating potential translatable scaffolds such as 3D bioprinting and microfluidic device. While preclinical studies have demonstrated encouraging results of biomimetic gradient scaffolds, the translation of these findings into clinical applications necessitates a comprehensive understanding of their safety and long-term efficacy.


Assuntos
Manguito Rotador , Engenharia Tecidual , Alicerces Teciduais , Humanos , Alicerces Teciduais/química , Manguito Rotador/cirurgia , Animais , Materiais Biomiméticos/química , Regeneração , Biomimética , Lesões do Manguito Rotador/cirurgia , Impressão Tridimensional
20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38743552

RESUMO

Physical therapists play a crucial role in guiding patients through effective and safe rehabilitation processes according to medical guidelines. However, due to the therapist-patient imbalance, it is neither economical nor feasible for therapists to provide guidance to every patient during recovery sessions. Automated assessment of physical rehabilitation can help with this problem, but accurately quantifying patients' training movements and providing meaningful feedback poses a challenge. In this paper, an Expert-knowledge-based Graph Convolutional approach is proposed to automate the assessment of the quality of physical rehabilitation exercises. This approach utilizes experts' knowledge to improve the spatial feature extraction ability of the Graph Convolutional module and a Gated pooling module for feature aggregation. Additionally, a Transformer module is employed to capture long-range temporal dependencies in the movements. The attention scores and weight matrix obtained through this approach can serve as interpretability tools to help therapists understand the assessment model and assist patients in improving their exercises. The effectiveness of the proposed method is verified on the KIMORE dataset, achieving state-of-the-art performance compared to existing models. Experimental results also illustrate the interpretability of the method in both spatial and temporal dimensions.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Terapia por Exercício , Redes Neurais de Computação , Humanos , Terapia por Exercício/métodos , Masculino , Reabilitação/métodos , Bases de Conhecimento , Movimento/fisiologia , Sistemas Inteligentes , Feminino , Adulto
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