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1.
Sci Total Environ ; 698: 134298, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31505343

RESUMO

Many studies have examined the acute toxicity of nanoparticles (NPs) towards model bacteria. In this study, we report the time-dependent effects of ZnO NPs on native, selected Zn-resistant and dominant bacteria in estuarine waters. An initial inhibition of bacterial growth followed by a recovery at 24 h was observed, and this rebound phenomenon was particularly notable when the raw water samples were treated with relatively high ZnO NP concentrations (1 and 10 mg/L).By comparing the groups treated with Zn2+, Zn2+ was shown to largely explain the acute cytotoxic effect of ZnO NPs on bacteria in raw waters. Furthermore, similar to the native bacteria, especially the dominant bacteria, the viability of Escherichia coli (E. coli) decreased with the increasing treatments time and the concentrations of ZnO NPs in water with different salinities. Moreover, the expression of Zn-resistance genes including zntA and zntR in E. coli suggested that the Zn-resistance system in E. coli can be activated to defend against the stress of Zn2+ released from ZnO NPs, and salinity may promote this process in estuarine aquatic systems. Thus, the effect of ZnO NPs on bacteria in estuarine water bodies is likely determined by the synergistic effect of environmental salinity and dissolved Zn ions. As such, our findings are of high relevance and importance for understanding the ecological disturbances caused by anthropogenic NPs in estuarine environments.

2.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 559: 143-151, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31622816

RESUMO

The reactive and stable catalysts for the oxygen reduction reaction are highly desirable for low temperature fuel cells. The commercial oxygen reduction reaction electrocatalysts generally reply on noble metal based nanomaterials, which suffer from inherent cost and selectivity issues. At present, it still remains challenge for designing efficient non-noble metal-based oxygen reduction reaction electrocatalysts. Herein, we successfully synthesize Co nanoparticles supported on three-dimensionally N-doped holey graphene aerogels hybrids by the high-temperature calcination of the graphene aerogels-polyallylamine-CoII hybrids. The component optimized hybrids show the excellent electrocatalytic activity for oxygen reduction reaction in alkaline media, which is comparable to commercial Pt/C electrocatalyst. Meanwhile, the hybrids also show eminent tolerance for CO and methanol, attributing to their excellent oxygen reduction reaction selectivity. The three-dimensionally interconnected structure of graphene aerogels, N-doping, uniform dispersion and high crystallinity of Co nanoparticles, and holey structure of graphene contribute to the striking oxygen reduction reaction activity of hybrids.

3.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 107: 110330, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31761209

RESUMO

The present study focused on the development of electric stimuli drug release carrier based on transition metal dicgalcogenides. First, tungsten disulfide (WS2) was exfoliated and functionalized using thiol chemistry with various thiol-terminated ligands such as thioglycolic acid (TGA), mercaptosuccinic acid (MSA), and 2-ethanethiol (2ET). The exfoliated WS2 underwent non-covalent coating with an electrically conductive polypyrrole (PPy) for functionalization, of which MSA-WS2-PPy achieved the highest 5-FU (anticancer drug) loading. An electrically-stimulated drug release experiment showed that TGA-WS2-PPy achieved a higher drug release (90%) than MSA-WS2-PPy (70%) and 2ET-WS2-Ppy (35%). The TGA-WS2-PPy exhibited swelling/recombination between PPY and MSA-WS2 substrate under electrical stimulation, resulting in the highest 5-FU release. From the MTT assay result, there was no significant toxicity observed for TGA-WS2-PPy-FU on HaCaT cells, indicating the biocompatibility of TGA-WS2-PPy-FU in the absence of electrical stimulation. However, HaCaT cells died when incubated with TGA-WS2-PPy-FU under electrical stimulation. Finally, Raman mapping studies for TGA-WS2-PPy drug release in the skin of nude mice demonstrated that the carrier penetrated deeper into the skin of the mice while other systems failed to exhibit significant effects under electrical stimulation. The present study offers a novel approach in developing a non-invasive electrically-stimulated drug release system based on WS2 and an externally-controlled delivery model.

4.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 558: 323-333, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31605934

RESUMO

For the development of metal-air batteries and fuel cells, highly efficient and inexpensive electrocatalysts are one of the main issues for scalable applications of these advanced energy devices. Herein, based on the in situ conversion of FeS to γ-FeOOH with a two-dimensional (2D) layered structure, a special nanohybrid, N, S co-doped porous carbon nanosheets loaded with γ-FeOOH, is fabricated by carbonization of Fe3+-coordinated polydopamine, which uniformly coats the surface of bacterial cellulose. The nanocomposites exhibit high activity towards the cathodic oxygen reduction reaction (ORR), characterized by a more positive half-wave potential (10 mV) than the commercial Pt/C (20 wt%) electrocatalyst in alkaline medium. Additionally, the nanohybrid has excellent stability and a high methanol tolerance towards the ORR. Further experiments and density functional theory (DFT) calculations demonstrate that the doped N, S in the carbon matrix and the (0 1 0) plane of γ-FeOOH are the ORR active sites. A zinc-air battery equipped with this nanohybrid presents better a power density (92 mW cm-2) and specific capacity (740 mA h g-1) than the Pt/C electrocatalyst, demonstrating its promising potential for application in energy conversion devices.

5.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 187: 109824, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31654863

RESUMO

Microcystin-LR (MC-LR), a widespread environmental contaminant, has been shown to have potent acute testicular toxicity. However, magnitudes of toxic effects, induced by MCs, depend on route and magnitude of exposure to the toxin. In the present study, male mice were orally exposed 1, 10 or 100 µg/L MC-LR for 90 or 180 days, and pathological approach and the isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantitation (iTRAQ)-based proteomics were employed with testes. Proteomics revealed that a number of differentially altered proteins may be involved in MC-LR-induced chronic testicular toxicity. The biological process analysis indicated the altered proteins played an important role in biological adhesion, cellular process, response to stimulus or rhythmic process. The cellular component analysis revealed that most of the proteins with altered expression associated with cell part, extracellular region, extracellular region part, membrane, membrane part, organelle or organelle part. The molecular function showed that these proteins were critical in molecular transducer activity. Integrity analyses provide first compelling evidence that MC-LR significantly cause dysfunction of blood-testis barrier (BTB) through affecting tight junctions and gap junctions. Moreover, phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/AKT eventually contributed to injury result from chronic low-level MC-LR treatment. Identification of proteins in testis responsive to MC-LR provides insights into molecular mechanisms of chronic toxicity of MCs.

6.
Nanotechnology ; 31(3): 035401, 2020 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31557745

RESUMO

High capacity and stable anodes are demanded since the current graphite-based anode does not meet the high-performance requirements of emerging Li-ion battery systems. Herein, we present a novel spring-shaped hierarchical SiO2@Co3O4 nanowire composite, which exhibits good Li-storage performance. The special structure is able to effectively accommodate the change in structure during charge-discharge, and the coaxial hierarchical morphology enables rapid Li+ ion and electron transfer. The spring-shaped SiO2@Co3O4 anode exhibits a capacity of 770 mAh g-1, along with a high Coulombic efficiency of 99.8% after 400 cycles. A stable rate performance even after three rounds of measurements is also achievable. In addition, the real-time lithiation of the SiO2@Co3O4 composite is investigated through an in situ transmission electron microscopy technology, which demonstrates the stable structure of the spring-shaped SiO2@Co3O4 composite during the rapid lithiation process.

7.
J Invest Dermatol ; 2019 Oct 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31669413

RESUMO

Deficiency of the palmitoyl-acyl transferase ZDHHC13 compromises skin barrier permeability and renders mice susceptible to environmental bacterial infection and inflammatory dermatitis. It had been unclear how lack of ZDHHC13 proteins resulted in cutaneous abnormalities. In this study, we first demonstrate that enzymatic palmitoylation activity, rather than protein scaffolding, by ZDHHC13 is essential for skin barrier integrity, showing that knock-in mice bearing an enzymatically dead DQ-to-AA ZDHHC13 mutation cyclically lost their hair after weaning, recapitulating knock-out phenotypes of skin inflammation and dermatitis. To establish the ZDHHC13 substrates responsible for skin barrier development, we employed quantitative proteomic approaches to identify protein molecules whose palmitoylation is tightly controlled by ZDHHC13. We identified over 300 candidate proteins that could be classified into four biological categories: immunological disease, skin development and function, dermatological disease, and lipid metabolism. Palmitoylation of three of these candidates-loricrin, peptidyl arginine deiminase type III and keratin fiber crosslinker transglutaminase 1-by ZDHHC13 was confirmed by biochemical assay. Palmitoylation was critical for in vivo protein stability of the latter two candidates. Our findings reveal the importance of protein palmitoylation in skin barrier development, partly by promoting envelope protein crosslinking and the filaggrin processing pathway.

8.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 11(47): 43865-43878, 2019 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31684723

RESUMO

To realize precise tumor therapy, a versatile oncotherapy nanoplatform integrating both diagnostic and therapeutic functions is necessary. Herein, we fabricated a hybrid micelle (HM) utilizing two amphiphilic diblock copolymers, polyethylenimine-polycaprolactone (PEI-PCL) and diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid gadolinium(III)  (Gd-DTPA)-conjugated polyethyleneglycol-polycaprolactone (Gd-PEG-PCL), to codeliver the small-molecule chemotherapy drugs doxorubicin (Dox) and microRNA-34a (miR-34a), denoted as Gd-HM-Dox/34a. Conjugating Gd-DTPA on the surface of hybrid micelles, leading the relaxation rate of Gd-DTPA increased more than 1.4 times (13.6 mM-1 S-1). Furthermore, hybrid micelles enhanced the ability of miR-34a to escape from lysosomes/endosomes and Dox release to the nucleus. In addition, the released miR-34a subsequently downregulates Bcl-2, cyclin D1, CDK6, and Bax expression and inhibits proliferation and migration of MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells. Moreover, the suitable micelle size improved the penetration of Dox into three-dimensional (3D) multicellular spheroids compared with Gd-HM-Dox and Free Dox, generating efficient cell killing in the 3D multicellular spheroids. Furthermore, the Gd-HM-Dox/34a exhibited augmented accumulation in the tumor tissue, which improved the magnetic resonance (MR) imaging contrast of solid tumors and enhanced the combined efficiency of chemotherapeutic drugs Dox and therapeutic gene miR-34a in suppressing tumor growth on MDA-MB-231 tumor-bearing mice. Therefore, we established a hybrid micelle to offer a promising theranostic approach that inhibits tumor growth and enhances MR imaging.

9.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 16906, 2019 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31729438

RESUMO

Erdite is a rare sulphide mineral found in mafic and alkaline rocks. Only weakly crystallised fibrous erdite has been artificially synthesised via evaporation or the hydrothermal method, and the process generally requires 1-3 days and large amounts of energy to complete. In this study, well-crystallised erdite nanorods were produced within 3 h by using MnO2 as an auxiliary reagent in a one-step hydrothermal method. Results showed that erdite could synthesised in nanorod form with a diameter of approximately 200 nm and lengths of 0.5-3 µm by adding MnO2; moreover, the crystals grew with increasing MnO2 addition. Without MnO2, erdite particles were generated in irregular form. The capacity of the erdite nanorods for tetracycline (TC) adsorption was 2613.3 mg/g, which is higher than those of irregular erdite and other reported adsorbents. The major adsorption mechanism of the crystals involves a coordinating reaction between the -NH2 group of TC and the hydroxyl group of Fe oxyhydroxide produced from erdite hydrolysis. To the best of our knowledge, this study is the first to synthesise erdite nanorods and use them in TC adsorption. Erdite nanorods may be developed as a new material in the treatment of TC-containing wastewater.

10.
Biomolecules ; 9(12)2019 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31771225

RESUMO

A natural compound from Wasabia japonica, 6-(methylsulfinyl) hexyl isothiocyanate (6-MITC) was investigated for its anti-leukemia activity and mechanism of action. It was found that 6-MITC inhibited the viability of human chronic myelogenous leukemia K562 cells along with extensive mitotic arrest, spindle multipolarity, and cytoplasmic vacuole accumulation. The evidence of autophagy included the validation of autophagosomes with double-layered membranes under transmission electron microscopy, LC3I/II conversion, and the induction of G2/M phase arrest observed with acridine orange staining of treated cells, as well as the elevation of phosphorylated-histone H3 expression at the M phase. With regard to the expression of proteins related to mitosis, the downregulation of p-CHK1, p-CHK2, p-cdc25c, and p-cdc2, as well as the upregulation of cyclin B1, p-cdc20, cdc23, BubR1, Mad2, and p-plk-1 was observed. The knockdown of cdc20 was unable to block the effect of 6-MITC. The differentiation of k562 cells into monocytes, granulocytes, and megakaryocytes was not affected by 6-MITC. The 6-MITC-induced unique mode of cell death through the concurrent induction of mitosis and autophagy may have therapeutic potential. Further studies are required to elucidate the pathways associated with the counteracting occurrence of mitosis and autophagy.

11.
Molecules ; 24(23)2019 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31771241

RESUMO

Three previously undescribed compounds, two prenyleudesmanes (1 and 2), and one hexanorlanostane (3), were isolated from the roots of Lonicera macranthoides. Their structures were established based on 1D and 2D nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectra and high-resolution electrospray ionization mass spectral (HR-ESI-MS) data. The absolute configurations of 1 and 3 were determined by X-ray diffraction. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first time that the absolute configuration of a prenyleudesmane with a trans-decalin system and a hexanorlanostane have been unambiguously confirmed by single-crystal X-ray diffraction with Cu Kα radiation. Thecompounds were tested for their antiproliferative activity on the cancer cell lines (HepG2 and HeLa). The compounds 1-3 exhibited moderate inhibitory effects against two human cancer cell lines.

12.
Mar Drugs ; 17(12)2019 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31771286

RESUMO

The epidermal barrier acts as a line of defense against external agents as well as helps to maintain body homeostasis. The calcium concentration gradient across the epidermal barrier is closely related to the proliferation and differentiation of keratinocytes (KCs), and the regulation of these two processes is the key to the repair of epidermal barrier disruption. In the present study, we found that fucoidan from Undaria pinnatifida (UPF) could promote the repair of epidermal barrier disruption in mice. The mechanistic study demonstrated that UPF could promote HaCaT cell differentiation under low calcium condition by up-regulating the expression of calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR), which could then lead to the activation of the Catenin/PLCγ1 pathway. Further, UPF could increase the expression of CaSR through activate the ERK and p38 pathway. These findings reveal the molecular mechanism of UPF in the repair of the epidermal barrier and provide a basis for the development of UPF into an agent for the repair of epidermal barrier repair.

13.
BMJ Open ; 9(11): e030804, 2019 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31772090

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between social capital and the health of male and female left-behind older adults in rural China. STUDY DESIGN: This cross-sectional study among the left-behind older adults aged 60 and older and with all their children working outside of Hubei, Shaanxi and Guangdong provinces in China was conducted in 2017-2018. A total of 1106 questionnaires were collected (participation rate=100.0%), and questionnaires from 1016 participants were used (effective rate=91.9%). METHODS: An ordinary least squares model was used to evaluate the association between social capital and health. Social capital included family trust, friend/neighbour trust, stranger trust, social participation, and network size and density. Health outcomes included basic and instrumental activities of daily living (BADL and IADL) and depression. RESULTS: Elevated family trust, friend/neighbour trust, stranger trust, high-level participation and middle-level network density were associated with reduced depression (b=-3.23, p<0.001; b=-0.41, p<0.001; b=-0.76, p<0.01; b=-1.04, p<0.05; b=-0.74, p<0.05, respectively). High-level participation and network density were also associated with elevated BADL (b=0.16, p<0.05; b=0.24, p<0.05, respectively). Elevated family trust (b=-2.86, p<0.05 in men; b=-3.86, p<0.001 in women), stranger trust (b=-0.68, p<0.05 in men; b=-0.80, p<0.05 in women) and high-level participation (b=-0.92, p<0.05 in men; b=-1.22, p<0.01 in women) were associated with reduced depression in both sexes. By contrast, elevated friend/neighbour trust was associated with reduced depression (b=-0.56, p<0.001) in women, high-level participation was associated with elevated BADL (b=0.19, p<0.05) and IADL (b=0.43, p<0.05) in men, and high-level network density was associated with elevated BADL (b=0.44, p<0.05) and IADL (b=0.57, p<0.05) and reduced depression (b=-1.05, p<0.05) in women. CONCLUSIONS: Social capital is closely related to left-behind older adults' health in rural China. More attention should be paid to increasing the stock of social capital in this special population, with a particular focus on the sex disparity.

14.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 5380, 2019 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31772164

RESUMO

Despite the efficacy of current starvation therapies, they are often associated with some intrinsic drawbacks such as poor persistence, facile tumor metastasis and recurrence. Herein, we establish an extravascular gelation shrinkage-derived internal stress strategy for squeezing and narrowing blood vessels, occluding blood & nutrition supply, reducing vascular density, inducing hypoxia and apoptosis and eventually realizing starvation therapy of malignancies. To this end, a biocompatible composite hydrogel consisting of gold nanorods (GNRs) and thermal-sensitive hydrogel mixture was engineered, wherein GRNs can strengthen the structural property of hydrogel mixture and enable robust gelation shrinkage-induced internal stresses. Systematic experiments demonstrate that this starvation therapy can suppress the growths of PANC-1 pancreatic cancer and 4T1 breast cancer. More significantly, this starvation strategy can suppress tumor metastasis and tumor recurrence via reducing vascular density and blood supply and occluding tumor migration passages, which thus provides a promising avenue to comprehensive cancer therapy.

15.
J Interv Cardiol ; 2019: 9896267, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31772555

RESUMO

Background: To evaluate the acute angiographic and intermediate-term clinical results of patients with non-left main (LM) coronary artery bifurcation disease (CABD) treated with BVS, as compared with those treated with DES, using the jailed semi-inflated balloon technique (JSIBT) for side branch (SB) protection and provisional stenting. Methods and Results: Sixty-eight patients with non-LM CABD who had undergone provisional one-stent implantation with SB protection by JSIBT between January 2015 and December 2017 were retrospectively enrolled. Among them, 20 patients received Absorb BVS implantation and 48 patients received DES implantation. Patients in the BVS group were younger and had higher BMI, total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and hemoglobin but had lower serum creatinine and lower prevalence of prior PCI and MI. No SB balloon rupture/entrapment occurred in either group. The incidence of SB dissection/occlusion and SB in need of rewiring or stenting was rare in both groups and showed no significant difference between them. Postinterventional TIMI flow significantly increased in both groups. The intermediate-term clinical outcomes were good in terms of incidence of target lesion failure, target lesion revascularization, target vessel revascularization, myocardial infarction, and all-cause death in both groups. Conclusion: The use of JSIBT for treating CABD with modern BVS can provide SB protection as similar as those with DES, even with higher incidence of acute SB dissection/occlusion. The immediate angiographic results and acute and intermediate-term clinical outcomes were also similar in both groups. Our study results demonstrate that JSIBT might be a safe and alternative SB protection tool for BVS in patients with complex CABD.

16.
Mikrochim Acta ; 186(12): 847, 2019 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31776791

RESUMO

A new colorimetric method that can be used to rapidly detect toxic ricin is demonstrated. Lactosylated cysteine-functionalized gold nanoparticles (Au@LACY NPs) were prepared by a one-pot reaction and employed as optical probes for determination of ricin B chain. It is found that the Au@LACY NPs undergo aggregation in the presence of ricin B chain. This leads to surface plasmon coupling effects of the particles and a color change from red to blue, with absorption maxima at 519 and 670 nm, respectively. The feasibility of using the current approach for quantitative analysis of ricin B chain is also demonstrated. The calibration plot is generated by plotting the ratio of the absorbance at the wavelength of 634 to 518 nm versus the concentration of the ricin B chain. The spectrophotometric method has a ~29 pM (~ 0.91 ng·mL-1) detection limit, and the sample with the concentration of ~ 400 pM (~ 13 ng·mL-1) can be detected visually. Graphical abstractSchematic representation of using lactosylated cysteine capped gold nanoparticles (Au@LACY NPs) as colorimetric probes for the ricin B chain through surface plasmon coupling effects. Sample solution turns from red to blue in the presence of ricin B chain.

17.
PLoS Biol ; 17(11): e3000540, 2019 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31770366

RESUMO

Interleukin-22 (IL-22) is a critical immune defence cytokine that maintains intestinal homeostasis and promotes wound healing and tissue regeneration, which can support the growth of colorectal tumours. Mutations in adenomatous polyposis coli gene (Apc) are a major driver of familial colorectal cancers (CRCs). How IL-22 contributes to APC-mediated tumorigenesis is poorly understood. To investigate IL-22 signalling in wild-type (WT) and APC-mutant cells, we performed RNA sequencing (RNAseq) of IL-22-treated murine small intestinal epithelial organoids. In WT epithelia, antimicrobial defence and cellular stress response pathways were most strongly induced by IL-22. Surprisingly, although IL-22 activates signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) in APC-mutant cells, STAT3 target genes are not induced. Our analyses revealed that ApcMin/Min cells are resistant to IL-22 due to reduced expression of the IL-22 receptor, and increased expression of inhibitors of STAT3, particularly histone deacetylases (HDACs). We further show that IL-22 increases DNA damage and genomic instability, which can accelerate cellular transition from heterozygosity (ApcMin/+) to homozygosity (ApcMin/Min) to drive tumour formation. Our data reveal an unexpected role for IL-22 in promoting early tumorigenesis while excluding a function for IL-22 in transformed epithelial cells.

18.
BMC Complement Altern Med ; 19(1): 335, 2019 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31775730

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Concerns have been raised regarding the efficacy and safety resulting from the potential interactions of herbs with Western medications due to the use of both herbs and Western medicine by the general public. Information obtained from the web must be critically evaluated prior to its use in making decisions. DESCRIPTION: This study aimed to construct an herb-drug interaction (HDI) website (https://drug-herb-interaction.netlify.com) with a critically reviewed database. Node.js was used to store the database by running JavaScript. Vue.js is a front-end framework used for web interface development. A total of 135 sets of information related to the interactions of ginseng, ginkgo and dong quai with Western medicine from the literature identified in Medline were collected, followed by critical reviews to prepare nineteen items of information for each HDI monograph. A total of 80 sets of validated HDIs met all criteria and were further assessed at the individual reliability level (likely, possible, and unevaluable) and labeled with the "interaction" item. This query system of the website can be operated in both the Chinese and English languages to obtain all monographs on HDIs in the database, including bilingual interaction data. The database of HDI monographs can be updated by simply uploading a new version of the information Excel file. The designed "smart search" module, in addition to the "single search", is convenient for requesting multiple searches. Among the "likely" interactions (n = 26), 50% show negative HDIs. Ten of these can increase the effect of the Western drug, and the others (n = 3) imply that the HDI can be beneficial. CONCLUSIONS: The current study provides a website platform and 80 sets of validated bilingual HDIs involving ginseng, ginkgo and dong quai in an online database. A search of HDI monographs related to these three herbs can be performed with this bilingual, easy-to-use query website, which is feasible for professionals and the general public. The identified reliability level for each HDI may assist readers' decisions regarding whether taking Western medications concomitant with one of three herbal medicinal foods is safe or whether caution is required due to potentially serious outcomes.

19.
J Orthop Surg Res ; 14(1): 387, 2019 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31775836

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Intraarticular hyaluronic acid injection (IAHA) is a popular treatment for knee osteoarthritis (OA). This study investigates whether depression, anxiety, and pain affect self-reported knee function in geriatric OA people who have received IAHA. METHODS: Through convenience sampling, 102 geriatric patients (mean age = 70.91 ± 7.19; 28 males) with knee OA who had undergone IAHA participated in this study. All participants self-reported depression using the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS), anxiety using the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), knee function using the Western Ontario and McMaster University Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) and the International Knee Documentation Committee subjective knee evaluation form (IKDC), and pain severity using the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS). They completed the aforementioned questionnaires at baseline before injection and then again at 2-, 4-, and 6-month follow-ups. RESULTS: Depression was significantly associated with IKDC, WOMAC physical function subscale, and total WOMAC scores. Anxiety was only significantly associated with the WOMAC pain subscale score. Pain severity was significantly associated with IKDC, WOMAC stiffness subscale, WOMAC physical function subscale, and total WOMAC scores. CONCLUSION: Given that depression negatively affected patient-reported knee function among geriatric OA patients who had undergone IAHA, further attention should be paid to the depressive status of this population.

20.
Curr Mol Med ; 2019 Oct 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31749426

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Our previous studies have shown that Pygo (Pygopus) in Drosophila plays a critical role in adult heart function that is likely conserved in mammals. However, its role in the differentiation of human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (hUC-MSCs) into cardiomyocytes remains unknown. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of pygo2 in the differentiation of hUN-MSCs into cardiomyocytes. METHODS: Third passage hUC-MSCs were divided into two groups: a p+ group infected with the GV492-pygo2 virus and a p- group infected with the GV492 virus. After infection and 3 or 21 days of incubation, Quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) was performed to detect pluripotency markers, including OCT-4 and SOX2. Nkx2.5, Gata-4 and cTnT were detected by immunofluorescence at 7, 14 and 21 days post-infection, respectively. Expression of cardiac-related genes-including Nkx2.5, Gata-4, TNNT2, MEF2c, ISL-1, FOXH1, KDR, αMHC and α-Actin-were analysed by qRT-PCR following transfection with the virus at one, two and three weeks. RESULTS: After three days of incubation, there were no significant changes in expression of the pluripotency stem cell markers OCT-4 and SOX2 in the p+ group hUC-MSCs relative to controls (OCT-4: 1.03 ± 0.096 VS 1,P > 0.05, SOX2: 1.071 ± 0.189 VS 1, P > 0.05); however, after 21 days, significant decreases were observed (OCT-4: 0.164 ± 0.098 VS 1, P <0.01, SOX2: 0.209 ± 0.109 VS 1, P <0.001). Seven days following incubation, expression of mesoderm specialisation markers, such as Nkx2.5, Gata-4, MEF2c and KDR, was increased; at 14 days following incubation, expression of cardiac genes, such as Nkx2.5, Gata-4, TNNT2, MEF2c, ISL-1, FOXH1, KDR, αMHC and α-Actin, were significantly upregulated in the p+ group relative to the p- group (P < 0.05). Taken together, these findings suggest that overexpression of pygo2 results in more hUC-MSCs gradually differentiating into cardiomyocyte-like cells. CONCLUSION: We are the first to show that overexpression of pygo2 significantly enhances the expression of cardiac-genic genes, including Nkx2.5 and Gata-4, and promotes the differentiation of hUC-MSCs into cardiomyocyte-like cells.

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