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1.
Front Chem ; 10: 917820, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35572120

RESUMO

[This corrects the article DOI: 10.3389/fchem.2022.883627.].

2.
Bosn J Basic Med Sci ; 2022 Apr 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35490365

RESUMO

The regenerative potential of cardiomyocytes in adult mammals is limited. Previous studies reported that cardiomyocyte proliferation is suppressed by AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK). The role of liver kinase B1 (LKB1), as the major upstream kinase for AMPK, on cardiomyocyte proliferation is unclear. In this study, we found that the LKB1 levels rapidly increased after birth. With loss- and gain-of-function study, our data demonstrated that LKB1 levels negatively correlate with cardiomyocyte proliferation. We next identified Yes-associated protein (YAP) as the downstream effector of LKB1 using high-throughput RNA sequencing. Our results also demonstrated that AMPK plays an essential role in Lkb1 knockdown-induced cardiomyocyte proliferation. Importantly, deactivated AMPK abolished the LKB1-mediated regulation of YAP nuclear translocation and cardiomyocyte proliferation. Thus, our findings suggested the role of LKB1-AMPK-YAP axis during cardiomyocyte proliferation, which could be used as a potential target for inducing cardiac regeneration after injury.

3.
J Sep Sci ; 2022 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35503988

RESUMO

An herbal prescription is usually composed of several herbal medicines. The complex and diverse components bring great challenges to its bioactivity study. To comprehensively analyze the bioactivity of an herbal prescription, a new strategy based on peak-by-peak cutting and knock-out chromatography was proposed. In this strategy, active compounds were screened out via peak-by-peak cutting from an herbal extract, and the influence of a compound on the overall activity of the herbal extract was evaluated by knock-out chromatography. Qiliqiangxin capsule is an herbal prescription composed of 11 herbal medicines for the treatment of chronic heart failure. A total of 71 peaks were collected through peak-by-peak cutting, and each peak was identified by high-resolution mass spectrum. The bioassay against 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl showed that two types of compounds namely salvianolic acids and caffeoylquinic acids were potent scavengers. Knock-out chromatography suggested that the removement of one single compound had no obvious influence on the overall activity of Qiliqiangxin capsule. After all the main peaks in Qiliqiangxin capsule were knocked out, the remaining part still exhibited a potent activity, indicating a high activity stability of Qiliqiangxin capsule. The proposed strategy is helpful for the comprehensive analysis of the bioactivity of other herbal prescriptions. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

4.
Org Biomol Chem ; 2022 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35510627

RESUMO

Total synthesis of rakicidin F was accomplished in 20 linear steps (0.68% overall yield), which enabled the configural determination of its six stereogenic centers as 2R, 15R, 16R, 17S, 19S, and 21S. The macrolactonization of the rakicidin linear precursor was investigated and the unsuccessful results might be attributed to the steric hindrance near C16-OH.

5.
Radiology ; : 213118, 2022 May 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35579524

RESUMO

Background Gallium 68-labeled fibroblast-activation protein inhibitor (68Ga-FAPI), an imaging agent for detecting tumors, represents a promising alternative to fluorine 18 fluorodeoxyglucose (18F-FDG). Purpose To compare the potential efficacy of 68Ga-FAPI PET/CT with that of 18F-FDG PET/CT for detecting primary tumor and nodal and distant metastases in biliary tract cancer (BTC) and to explore the impact (tumor staging) of 68Ga-FAPI compared with 18F-FDG on clinical management of BTC. Materials and Methods This single-center prospective clinical study was performed at the Affiliated Hospital of Southwest Medical University between June 2020 and June 2021. Participants with BTC underwent both 68Ga-FAPI and 18F-FDG PET/CT. Histopathologic examination, morphologic imaging, and/or follow-up imaging served as the reference standard. The maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) of the primary tumor and nodal and distant metastases between 18F-FDG and 68Ga-FAPI PET/CT were compared using the paired-sample t test. Results Eighteen participants with primary or recurrent BTC were evaluated (mean age, 61 years ± 10 [SD]). The sensitivity of 68Ga-FAPI PET/CT was higher than that of 18F-FDG PET/CT for detecting primary tumors (16 of 16 [100%] vs 13 of 16 [81%]), nodal metastases (41 of 42 [98%] vs 35 of 42 [83%]), and distant metastases (99 of 99 [100%] vs 78 of 99 [79%]). 68Ga-FAPI PET/CT resulted in new oncologic findings in 10 of 18 participants and upgraded tumor staging or restaging in five of 18 participants compared with 18F-FDG PET/CT. 68Ga-FAPI PET/CT demonstrated higher sensitivity than 18F-FDG PET/CT in inflammatory processes secondary to tumor-related obstruction (seven of eight [88%] vs one of eight [13%]). 68Ga-FAPI showed lower average SUVmax in inflammatory processes than in oncologic lesions (4.9 ± 2.6 vs 10.0 ± 4.6, respectively; P = .003). Conclusion Gallium 68-labeled fibroblast-activation protein inhibitor PET/CT for tumor staging showed potential for more accurate staging of biliary tract cancer, thereby improving treatment decision making. Clinical trial registration no. ChiCTR2100044131 © RSNA, 2022 Online supplemental material is available for this article. See also the editorial by Choyke in this issue.

6.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 33(3): 821-828, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35524537

RESUMO

Conservation of fish resources is the key to ecological protection and high-quality development of Yellow River basin. From 1960 to 2019, Yellow River basin distributed 201 fish species, belonging to 16 orders, 35 families. The species number of Cypriniformes was the largest (accounting for 60.7%), followed by Perciformes (accounting for 10.0%). From 1960 to 1980, there were 182 fish species belonging to 15 orders, 28 families. During 1980-2019, there were 112 species, belonging to 10 orders, 23 families. The total number of fish species in source area, midstream and downstream decreased significantly, while that in the upper reaches increased slightly. Jaccard's similarity index of source area, upstream, midstream and downstream between two periods were 34.2%, 46.0%, 42.4% and 35.7%, respectively. Based on feeding preference characteristic, fish species could be divided into eight feeding guilds: phytobenthivores, herbivores, phytoplanktivores, zooplanktivores, omnivorous, insectivores, zoobenthivores, and piscivores. Compared with the period from 1960 to 1980, the proportion of insectivores decreased significantly in the Yellow River basin during 1980-2019, while that of phytobenthivores, herbivores, phytoplanktivores, omnivorous and piscivores increased significantly. From 1960 to 1980, the proportion of insectivores was higher than other reaches at source area and upstream, then began to decrease along the river continuum from reaches with elevation of 2000-3000 m; while the proportion of piscivores was lower than other reaches at source area and upstream, then began to increase along the river continuum from reaches with elevation of 2000-3000 m. From 1980 to 2019, the proportion of insectivores decreased along river continuum from source area, and that of piscivores increased from source area to midstream but decreased in downstream. Development of cascade hydropower, water pollution, insufficient water flow, overfishing and invasion of alien fish were important factors causing the spatiotemporal variations of fish feeding guilds in Yellow River basin.


Assuntos
Conservação dos Recursos Naturais , Pesqueiros , Animais , China , Peixes , Humanos , Rios
7.
Environ Res ; 212(Pt C): 113377, 2022 Apr 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35500858

RESUMO

Gout is a chronic disease with inflammatory arthritis caused by monosodium urate (MSU) crystals deposition, an elevated serum urate level (hyperuricaemia) is the critical factor leading to MSU crystals deposition and promoting the progression of gout. The onset and development of gout is generally the result of multiple factors, such as diet, heredity and environmental factors. Although genetics and diet are thought to play as major factors, a growing body of research evidence has highlighted that environmental factors also play a significant role in the onset and exacerbation of gout. Recent studies have shown that air pollutants such as particulate matter, sulfur dioxide (SO2) and carbon monoxide (CO) may increase the risk of hospitalizations for gout, and that the changes in temperature and humidity may affect uric acid (UA) levels. There is also seasonal trend in gout. It has been demonstrated that environmental factors may induce or accelerate the production and release of pro-inflammatory mediators, causing an unbalance oxidative stress and systemic inflammation, and then participating in the overall process or a certain link of gout. Moreover, several environmental factors have shown the ability to induce the production urate and regulate the innate immune pathways, involving in the pathogenesis of gout. Nevertheless, the role of environmental factors in the etiology of gout remains unclear. In this review, we summarized the recent literatures and aimed to discuss the relationship between environmental factors (such as microclimate, season, ambient/indoor air pollution and extreme weather) and gout. We further discussed the inflammatory mechanisms of environmental factors and gout and the comprehensive effects of environmental factors on gout. We also made a prospect of the management and treatment of gout, with special consideration to environmental factors associated with gout.

8.
Sci Total Environ ; 837: 155720, 2022 May 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35525366

RESUMO

Harmful microorganism (e.g., new coronavirus) based infection is the most important security concern in life sciences and healthcare. This article aims to provide a state-of-the-art review on the development of advanced technology based on nanomaterial disinfection/sterilization techniques (NDST) for the first time including the nanomaterial types, disinfection techniques, bactericidal devices, sterilization products, and application scenarios (i.e., water, air, medical healthcare), with particular brief account of bactericidal behaviors referring to varied systems. In this emerging research area spanning the years from 1998 to 2021, total of ~200 publications selected for the type of review paper and research articles were reviewed. Four typical functional materials (namely type of metal/metal oxides, S-based, C-based, and N-based) with their development progresses in disinfection/sterilization are summarized with a list of synthesis and design. Among them, the widely used silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) are considered as the most effective bacterial agents in the type of nanomaterials at present and has been reported for inactivation of viruses, fungi, protozoa. Some methodologies against (1) disinfection by-products (DBPs) in traditional sterilization, (2) noble metal nanoparticles (NPs) agglomeration and release, (3) toxic metal leaching, (4) solar spectral response broadening, and (5) photogenerated e-/h+ pairs recombination are reviewed and discussed in this field, namely (1) alternative techniques and nanomaterials, (2) supporter anchoring effect, (3) nonmetal functional nanomaterials, (4) element doping, and (5) heterojunction constructing. The feasible strategies in the perspective of NDST are proposed to involve (1) non-noble metal disinfectors, (2) multi-functional nanomaterials, (3) multi-component nanocomposite innovation, and (4) hybrid techniques for disinfection/sterilization system. It is promising to achieve 100% bactericidal efficiency for 108 CFU/mL within a short time of less than 30 min.

9.
Chin J Integr Med ; 2022 May 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35508862

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect and safety of low-dose of apatinib and S-1 combined with Jianpi Bushen Jiedu Decoction (JBJD) in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) who have failed second or above lines treatment, in order to provide more treatment option for mCRC patients by integrated medicine. METHODS: Thirteen patients were selected from a single-arm, open-label clinical study from April 2019 to September 2020. The patients were treated with low-dose apatinib (250 mg, once a day) and S-1 (20 mg, twice a day) combined with JBJD for at least one cycle and were followed up to August 2021. The primary endpoint was disease progression-free survival (PFS). Disease control rate (DCR), objective response rate (ORR), and overall survival (OS) of patients were observed as the secondary endpoints. Adverse events were recorded as well. RESULTS: The average age of the 13 patients was 56.5 ±13.0 years and 76.9% were male. The median PFS and median OS were 4.6 and 8.3 months, respectively. The ORR was 7.7% (1/13) while the DCR was 61.5% (8/13). The common adverse events were hypertension, proteinuria, elevated transaminase, and thrombocytopenia. One patient experienced thrombocytopenia of grade 3. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with mCRC after failure of the second or above lines of treatment may potentially benefit from the treatment of low-dose apatinib and S-1 combined with JBJD because of its similar effect as the standard dose of target therapy and relatively better safety. (Registration No. ChiCTR1900022673).

10.
Front Microbiol ; 13: 826487, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35516426

RESUMO

Gut microbiota plays an important role in metabolic homeostasis. Previous studies demonstrated that ginsenoside Rb1 might improve obesity-induced metabolic disorders through regulating glucose and lipid metabolism in the liver and adipose tissues. Due to low bioavailability and enrichment in the intestinal tract of Rb1, we hypothesized that modulation of the gut microbiota might account for its pharmacological effects as well. Here, we show that oral administration of Rb1 significantly decreased serum LDL-c, TG, insulin, and insulin resistance index (HOMA-IR) in mice with a high-fat diet (HFD). Dynamic profiling of the gut microbiota showed that this metabolic improvement was accompanied by restoring of relative abundance of some key bacterial genera. In addition, the free fatty acids profiles in feces were significantly different between the HFD-fed mice with or without Rb1. The content of eight long-chain fatty acids (LCFAs) was significantly increased in mice with Rb1, which was positively correlated with the increase of Akkermansia and Parasuttereller, and negatively correlated with the decrease of Oscillibacter and Intestinimonas. Among these eight increased LCFAs, eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), octadecenoic acids, and myristic acid were positively correlated with metabolic improvement. Furthermore, the colonic expression of the free fatty acid receptors 4 (Ffar4) gene was significantly upregulated after Rb1 treatment, in response to a notable increase of LCFA in feces. These findings suggested that Rb1 likely modulated the gut microbiota and intestinal free fatty acids profiles, which should be beneficial for the improvement of metabolic disorders in HFD-fed mice. This study provides a novel mechanism of Rb1 for the treatment of metabolic disorders induced by obesity, which may provide a therapeutic avenue for the development of new nutraceutical-based remedies for treating metabolic diseases, such as hyperlipidemia, insulin resistance, and type 2 diabetes.

11.
Quant Imaging Med Surg ; 12(5): 2866-2876, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35502398

RESUMO

Background: Detection of synovitis is essential for assessing rheumatoid arthritis (RA) activity and predicting prognosis. This study aimed to compare the diagnostic performance of superb microvascular imaging (SMI) with that of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) in patients with RA in clinical remission. Methods: SMI and CEUS were applied to 63 patients with active RA and 48 patients with RA in clinical remission. Differences in positive synovial vascularity (SV) and its semi-quantitative scale were observed, and the correlations of SMI and CEUS results with C-reactive protein (CRP), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), and rheumatoid factor (RF) were analyzed. Results: For the 63 joints with active RA, the detection rates of SV as determined by SMI and CEUS were 90.5% (95% CI: 83.0-97.9%) and 93.7% (95% CI: 87.5-99.8%), respectively, with no significant difference observed between the two modalities (t=-1.137; P=0.260). There was good agreement between the two modalities in detecting positive blood flow (Kappa =0.784) and blood flow signal score (Kappa =0.792). For the 48 joints with clinical remission, the detection rates of SV determined by SMI and CEUS were 79.2% (95% CI: 67.2-91.1%) and 83.3% (95% CI: 72.4-94.3%), respectively, with no significant difference found between the two modalities (t=1.000; P=0.322). There was high consistency between the two modalities in detecting positive blood flow (Kappa =0.727) and blood flow signal score (Kappa =0.661). The vascularity scores of SMI and CEUS were positively correlated with CRP, ESR, and RF in the joints with active RA, but not in those with clinical remission. Conclusions: SMI is as sensitive as CEUS for detecting vessels in the synovium and displaying local SV in patients with RA who achieve clinical remission.

12.
Arch Oral Biol ; 139: 105446, 2022 Apr 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35512618

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Streptococcus mutans is a key pathogen involved in the development of caries lesions. Previously, we developed a novel lactotransferrin-derived antimicrobial peptide LF-1 with potential selective activity against S. mutans. This study aimed to further confirm the selectivity of LF-1 by investigating its effect on S. mutans membrane. DESIGN: The effects of LF-1 on the viability of human gingival fibroblasts (HGFs) and three common oral Streptococcus (S. mutans, S. sanguinis, and S. gordonii) were evaluated and its structural characteristics were analysed using eukaryotic and prokaryotic membrane-simulated liposomes. Membrane affinity of LF-1 to the three streptococci strains was evaluated using the 3',3'-dipropylthiadicarbocyanine iodide experiment, hydrophobicity assay, and flow cytometry analysis. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) was used to observe morphological changes in the three streptococcal membranes after LF-1 treatment. RESULTS: LF-1 displayed lower cytotoxicity to HGFs and selective antibacterial activity against S. mutans. LF-1 exhibited a typical α-helix structure and showed a tryptophan fluorescence blue shift in the prokaryotic membrane-simulated model. The most notable LF-1 induced changes occurred in the membrane potential and hydrophobicity of S. mutans among the three streptococci strains. Furthermore, the fluorescence of fluorescein isothiocyanate-labelled LF-1 was higher in S. mutans than in the other species. TEM showed that 16 µmol/L LF-1 could induce mesosome-like structures in S. mutans, whereas no significant morphological changes occurred in the other species. CONCLUSION: LF-1 has selective affinity for and antibacterial activity against S. mutans with strong membrane disrupting ability, highlighting the potential of LF-1 as a crucial antibacterial agent in caries prevention.

13.
Plant Physiol ; 2022 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35522026

RESUMO

MicroRNAs play key roles in abiotic stress response. Rice (Oryza sativa L.) miR1320 is a species-specific miRNA that contributes to miR168-regulated immunity. However, it is still unknown whether miR1320 is involved in rice response to abiotic stress. In this study, we illustrated that the miR1320 precursor generated two mature miR1320s, miR1320-3p and miR1320-5p, and they both displayed decreased expression under cold stress. Genetic evidence showed that miR1320 overexpression resulted in increased cold tolerance, while miR1320 knockdown reduced cold tolerance. Furthermore, an AP2/ERF (APETALA2/ethylene-responsive factor) transcription factor OsERF096 was identified as a target of miR1320 via 5'-RACE and dual luciferase assays. OsERF096 expression was altered by miR1320 overexpression and knockdown and exhibited an opposite pattern to that of miR1320 in different tissues and under cold stress. Consistently, OsERF096 negatively regulated cold stress tolerance. Furthermore, we suggested that OsERF096 could bind to the GCC and DRE cis-elements and act as a transcriptional activator in the nucleus. Based on RNA-seq and targeted metabolomics assays, we found that OsERF096 modified hormone content and signaling pathways. Finally, phenotypic and RT-qPCR assays showed that MeJA application recovered the cold-sensitive phenotype and JA-activated expression of three DREB (Dehydration Responsive Element Binding) genes in the OsERF096-OE line. Taken together, our results strongly suggest that the miR1320-OsERF096 module regulates cold tolerance by repressing the JA-mediated cold signaling pathway.

15.
Epidemiol Health ; : e2022045, 2022 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35538695

RESUMO

Objectives: Tuberculosis (TB) treatment outcome is a key indicator in the assessment of a TB control program. We aimed to identify spatial factors associated with TB treatment outcome, and to provide additional insights into TB control from a geographical perspective. Methods: We collected data from the electronic TB surveillance system in Shanghai, China and included pulmonary TB patients registered for the period from January 1, 2009 to December 31, 2016. We examined the association of physical accessibility to hospitals, autoregression term and random hospital effects with treatment outcomes in logistic regression models after adjusting for demographic, clinical and treatment factors. Results: Of the 53475 pulmonary TB patients, 49002 (91.6%) had a successful treatment outcome. The success rate increased from 89.3% in 2009 to 94.4% in 2016. The successful treatment outcome rate varied among hospitals from 78.6% to 97.8%, and there were 12 spatial clusters of poor treatment outcome during the 8-year study period. The best fit model incorporated the spatial factors. Both the random hospital effects and autoregression terms had significant impacts on TB treatment outcome, ranking sixth and tenth, respectively, in terms of statistical importance among 14 factors. However, number of bus stations around home is the least important variable in the model. Conclusion: Spatial autocorrelation and hospital effects are associated with TB treatment outcome in Shanghai. In highly-integrated cities like Shanghai, physical accessibility is not related to treatment outcome. Governments need to pay more attention to the mobility of patients and different success rate of treatment among hospitals.

16.
Stem Cell Res Ther ; 13(1): 195, 2022 May 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35551643

RESUMO

Ischemic stroke is one of the major causes of death and disability in the world. Currently, most patients cannot choose intravenous thrombolysis or intravascular mechanical thrombectomy because of narrow therapeutic windows and severe complications. Stem cell transplantation is an emerging treatment and has been studied in various central nervous system diseases. Animal and clinical studies showed that transplantation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) could alleviate neurological deficits and bring hope for ischemic stroke treatment. This article reviewed biological characteristics, safety, feasibility and efficacy of MSCs therapy, potential therapeutic targets of MSCs, and production process of Good Manufacturing Practices-grade MSCs, to explore the potential therapeutic targets of MSCs in the process of production and use and provide new therapeutic directions for ischemic stroke.

17.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 12(9)2022 Apr 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35564197

RESUMO

Carbon dots (CDs), a class of fluorescent nanomaterials, have attracted widespread attention from researchers. Because of their unique chemical properties, these high-quality fluorescent probes are widely used for ion and molecule detection. Excess intake of many ions or molecules can cause harm to the human body. Although iron (in the form of Fe3+ ions) is essential for the human body, excess iron in the human body can cause many diseases, such as iron poisoning. In this study, we have synthesized fluorine and nitrogen co-doped carbon dots (FNCDs) by a hydrothermal method. These FNCDs exhibited good stability, selectivity, and anti-interference ability for Fe3+. Fe3+ could be detected in the range of 0.2-300 µM, and their detection limit is up to 0.08 µM. In addition, the recovery and relative standard deviation measured by the standard addition recovery method were not higher than 107.5% and 1.1%, respectively, indicating that FNCDs have good recovery and accuracy for Fe3+ detection.

18.
Phys Rev Lett ; 128(17): 174801, 2022 Apr 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35570418

RESUMO

Electron beam longitudinal polarization during the interaction with counterpropagating circularly polarized ultraintense laser pulses is investigated, while accounting for the anomalous magnetic moment of the electron. Although it is known that the helicity transfer from the laser photons to the electron beam is suppressed in linear and nonlinear Compton scattering processes, we show that the helicity transfer nevertheless can happen via an intermediate step of the electron radiative transverse polarization, phase matched with the driving field, followed up by spin rotation into the longitudinal direction as induced by the anomalous magnetic moment of the electron. With spin-resolved QED Monte Carlo simulations, we demonstrate the consequent helicity transfer from laser photons to the electron beam with a degree up to 10%, along with an electron radial polarization up to 65% after multiple photon emissions in a femtosecond timescale. This effect is detectable with currently achievable laser facilities, evidencing the role of the leading QED vertex correction to the electron anomalous magnetic moment in the polarization dynamics in ultrastrong laser fields.

19.
Nat Commun ; 13(1): 2396, 2022 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35504867

RESUMO

The conversion of CO2 by renewable power-generated hydrogen is a promising approach to a sustainable production of long-chain olefins (C4+=) which are currently produced from petroleum resources. The decentralized small-scale electrolysis for hydrogen generation requires the operation of CO2 hydrogenation in ambient-pressure units to match the manufacturing scales and flexible on-demand production. Herein, we report a Cu-Fe catalyst which is operated under ambient pressure with comparable C4+= selectivity (66.9%) to that of the state-of-the-art catalysts (66.8%) optimized under high pressure (35 bar). The catalyst is composed of copper, iron oxides, and iron carbides. Iron oxides enable reverse-water-gas-shift to produce CO. The synergy of carbide path over iron carbides and CO insertion path over interfacial sites between copper and iron carbides leads to efficient C-C coupling into C4+=. This work contributes to the development of small-scale low-pressure devices for CO2 hydrogenation compatible with sustainable hydrogen production.

20.
Front Genet ; 13: 829613, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35401667

RESUMO

Background: Oculofaciocardiodental (OFCD) syndrome is an X-linked dominant syndrome caused by BCOR variants, which manifests only in females and presumed leading to male lethality. Herein, we aim to present a prenatal diagnosis for OFCD syndrome associated with a novel hemizygous variant in BCOR gene. Case presentation: A 29-year-old pregnant woman from Quanzhou Fujian Province, China, with fetal ultrasound anomalies, was enrolled in this study. A normal 46, XY karyotype with no abnormalities was observed in the fetus detected on microarray. Furthermore, a whole-exome sequencing (WES) detection result demonstrated that a novel hemizygous variant of c.251dupT (p.N87Kfs*6) in the BCOR gene was identified in the fetus, which was a frameshift mutation and classified as a likely pathogenic variant, and may lead to OFCD syndrome according to the clinical feature of the fetus. In this case, male lethality had not occurred by the end of the second trimester, then termination of the pregnancy was conducted at a gestational age of 26 weeks. Sanger sequencing of parental samples revealed that the variant was maternally transmitted, which was consistent with the OFCD syndrome phenotypic features observed in her. Conclusions: In the study, we first present the affected male with a novel variant in BCOR that leads to the OFCD syndrome. Additionally, our study broadened the spectrum of BCOR results in the OFCD syndrome and provided the valuable references for prenatal genetic consultation.

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