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1.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(16): 4145-4149, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34467726

RESUMO

With repeated silica gel, octadecyl silica(ODS), and Sephadex LH-20 column chromatography, normal-phase and reverse-phase high performance liquid chromatography(HPLC), etc., a pair of new enantiomers and 5 known compounds were separated from the 95% ethanol extract of Chloranthus multistachys. These compounds were identified by the nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy(including 1 D-NMR and 2 D-NMR), single-crystal X-ray diffraction, circular dichroism(CD) spectroscopy, mass spectrometry(MS), and some other methods as(1R,4R,5R,8S,10R)-chloraeudolide H(1 a),(1S,4S,5S,8R,10S)-chloraeudolide H(1 b), hydroxyisogermafurenolide(2), 4α-hydroxy-5α,8ß(H)-eudesm-7(11)-en-8,12-olide(3), chloraniolide A(4), chlorantene D(5), 4α,8ß-dihydroxy-5α(H)-eudesm-7(11)-en-8,12-olide(6). Compounds 1 a and 1 b are a pair of new eudesmane-type sesquiterpene enantiomers, and compounds 2-4 were isolated from C. multistachys for the first time.


Assuntos
Sesquiterpenos , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Espectrometria de Massas , Estrutura Molecular , Estereoisomerismo
2.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 225: 112742, 2021 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34500386

RESUMO

Degradation of norfloxacin (NFX) by zinc oxide (ZnO)/g-C3N4, a magnetic sheet ZnO with g-C3N4 on its surface was studied. Through a new preparation system method, hydrothermal reaction provides a solid-layered magnetic ZnO material basis, and the simple thermal condensation method was used to transform the urea into g-C3N4 on the magnetic sheet ZnO in a uniform and orderly manner to increase the stability and photocatalytic performance of the material. Compared with previous studies, the pore volume and photocatalytic performance of the material are improved, and became more stable. By studying the degradation effect of basic and photocatalytic materials prepared in different proportions, the kinetic constant of ZGF is 0.01446 (min-1). The response surface methodology (RSM) was used to study the optimization and effect of solution pH (4-12), photocatalyst concentration (0.2-1.8 g/L), and NFX concentration (3-15 mg/L) on the degradation rate of NFX during photocatalytic degradation. The R2 value of the RSM model was 0.9656. The NFX removal rate is higher than 90% when the amount of catalyst is 1.43 g/L, the solution pH is 7.12, and the NFX concentration is less than 8.61 mg/L. After 5 cycles, the degradation rate of magnetic materials decreased to 92.8% of the first time. The capture experiment showed that the photocatalytic machine Toxicities was mainly hole action. The TOC removal rate within 2 h was 30%, a special intermediate toxicity analysis method was adopted according to the characteristics of NFX's inhibitory effect on Escherichia coli community. The toxicity of degraded NFX solution disappeared, and the possibility of non-toxic harm of by-products was verified. LC-Q-TOF method was used to detect and analyze various intermediate products converted from NFX after photocatalytic degradation, and the photocatalytic degradation pathway of NFX was proposed.

3.
Adv Drug Deliv Rev ; : 113970, 2021 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34509576

RESUMO

Due to their prominent physicochemical properties, 2D materials are broadly applied in biomedicine. Currently, 2D materials have achieved great success in treating many diseases such as cancer and tissue engineering as well as bone therapy. Based on their different characteristics, 2D materials could function in various ways in different bone diseases. Herein, the application of 2D materials in bone tissue engineering, joint lubrication, infection of orthopedic implants, bone tumors, and osteoarthritis are firstly reviewed comprehensively together. Meanwhile, different mechanisms by which 2D materials function in each disease reviewed below are also reviewed in detail, which in turn reveals the versatile functions and application of 2D materials. At last, the outlook on how to further broaden applications of 2D materials in bone therapies based on their excellent properties is also discussed.

4.
J Nat Med ; 2021 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34510370

RESUMO

Tripterygium wilfordii Hook F. is a well-known but poisonous traditional Chinese medicine used for treating a wide variety of inflammatory and autoimmune disorders. Celastrol, a quinone methyl triterpenoid compound and a representative component of T. wilfordii Hook F., shows a variety of pharmacological activities, such as anti-inflammatory and antitumor activities. Here, we investigated the antineuropathic pain (NP) effect of celastrol and its potential mechanisms. Rats with chronic constrictive injury (CCI)-induced NP were used to evaluate the analgesic effect of celastrol. Gabapentin was used as a reference compound (positive control). The results showed that gabapentin (100 mg/kg, i.p.) and multiple doses of celastrol (0.5, 1 and 2 mg/kg, i.p.) increased the threshold of mechanical and thermal pain in the rats with NP. Western blot results showed that celastrol significantly inhibited the activation of microglia and astrocytes in the spinal cord of rats with NP. Additionally, the levels of the proinflammatory cytokines tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α), interleukin 1ß and interleukin 6, detected by ELISA in the spinal cord of the rats with NP, were significantly inhibited by celastrol. Furthermore, celastrol treatment dramatically inhibited the expression of the TLR4/NF-κB signaling pathway in the spinal cord. Taken together, our findings suggested that celastrol could attenuate mechanical and thermal pain in CCI-induced NP, and this protection might be attributed to inhibiting the TLR4/NF-κB signaling pathway and exerting anti-inflammatory effects in the spinal cord.

5.
Chin J Traumatol ; 2021 Aug 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34511323

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Rapid decompressive craniectomy (DC) was the most effective method for the treatment of hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage (HICH) with cerebral hernia, but the mortality and disability rate is still high. We suspected that hematoma puncture drainage (PD) + DC may improve the therapeutic effect and thus compared the combined surgery with DC alone. METHODS: From December 2013 to July 2019, patients with HICH from Linzhi, Tibet and Honghe, Yunnan Province were retrospectively analyzed. The selection criteria were as follows: (1) altitude ≥1500 m; (2) HICH patients with cerebral hernia; (3) Glascow coma scale score of 4-8 and time from onset to admission ≤3 h; (4) good liver and kidney function; and (5) complete case data. The included patients were divided into DC group and PD + DC group. The patients were followed up for 6 months. The outcome was assessed by Glasgow outcome scale (GOS) score, Kaplan-Meier survival curve and correlation between time from admission to operation and prognosis. A good outcome was defined as independent (GOS score, 4-5) and poor outcome defined as dependent (GOS score, 3-1). All data analyses were performed using SPSS 19, and comparison between two groups was conducted using separate t-tests or Chi-square tests. RESULTS: A total of 65 patients was included. The age ranged 34-90 years (mean, 63.00 ± 14.04 years). Among them, 31 patients had the operation of PD + DC, whereas 34 patients underwent DC. The two groups had no significant difference in the basic characteristics. After 6 months of follow-up, in the PD + DC group there were 8 death, 4 vegetative state, 4 severe disability (GOS score 1-3, poor outcome 51.6 %); 8 moderate disability, and 7 good recovery (GOS score 4-5, good outcome 48.4 %); while in the DC group the result was 15 death, 6 vegetative state, 5 severe disability (poor outcome 76.5 %), 4 moderate disability and 4 good recovery (good outcome 23.5 %). The GOS score and good outcome were significantly less in DC group than in PD + DC group (Z = -1.993, p = 0.046; χ2 = 4.38, p = 0.43). However, there was no significant difference regarding the survival curve between PD + DC group and DC group. The correlation between the time from admission to operation and GOS at 6 months (r = -0.41, R2 = 0.002, p = 0.829) was not significant in the PD + DC group, but significant in the DC group (r = -0.357, R2 = 0.128, p = 0.038). CONCLUSION: PD + DC treatment can improve the good outcomes better than DC treatment for HICH with cerebral hernia at a high altitude.

6.
Cell Death Dis ; 12(9): 843, 2021 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34511597

RESUMO

Renal fibrosis is a common pathological process that occurs with diverse etiologies in chronic kidney disease. However, its regulatory mechanisms have not yet been fully elucidated. Ferroptosis is a form of non-apoptotic regulated cell death driven by iron-dependent lipid peroxidation. It is currently unknown whether ferroptosis is initiated during unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO)-induced renal fibrosis and its role has not been determined. In this study, we demonstrated that ureteral obstruction induced ferroptosis in renal tubular epithelial cells (TECs) in vivo. The ferroptosis inhibitor liproxstatin-1 (Lip-1) reduced iron deposition, cell death, lipid peroxidation, and inhibited the downregulation of GPX4 expression induced by UUO, ultimately inhibiting ferroptosis in TECs. We found that Lip-1 significantly attenuated UUO-induced morphological and pathological changes and collagen deposition of renal fibrosis in mice. In addition, Lip-1 attenuated the expression of profibrotic factors in the UUO model. In vitro, we used RSL3 treatment and knocked down of GPX4 level by RNAi in HK2 cells to induce ferroptosis. Our results indicated HK2 cells secreted various profibrotic factors during ferroptosis. Lip-1 was able to inhibit ferroptosis and thereby inhibit the secretion of the profibrotic factors during the process. Incubation of kidney fibroblasts with culture medium from RSL3-induced HK2 cells promoted fibroblast proliferation and activation, whereas Lip-1 impeded the profibrotic effects. Our study found that Lip-1 may relieve renal fibrosis by inhibiting ferroptosis in TECs. Mechanistically, Lip-1 could reduce the activation of surrounding fibroblasts by inhibiting the paracrine of profibrotic factors in HK2 cells. Lip-1 may potentially be used as a therapeutic approach for the treatment of UUO-induced renal fibrosis.

7.
J Agric Food Chem ; 2021 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34514791

RESUMO

Carbonyl compounds play a critical role in the pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy (DN). Pueraria lobata (PL), also known as "Kudzu", is a widely consumed functional food or nutraceutical and has shown promise in the prevention of diabetes and complications such as DN. To explore the beneficial effects and the underlying mechanisms of PL against DN, a new strategy for in-depth metabolic profiling of carbonyl compounds in DN mice plasma by chemical derivatization combined with UPLC-Q-Orbitrap high-resolution mass spectrometry (HRMS)/MS analysis was developed for the first time. Pharmacological evaluation revealed that PL extracts containing a total of 73 identified compounds could ameliorate kidney injury and regulate abnormal glycolipid metabolism. In metabolomics analysis, 19 carbonyl compounds with significant differences were identified between DN mice and normal mice. Moreover, 12 metabolites had a tendency to return to normal levels after PL treatment. Overall, PL exerts beneficial effects on DN by regulating abnormal glycolipid metabolism and carbonyl stress, and endogenous carbonyl compounds might serve as potential biomarkers for DN.

8.
Molecules ; 26(17)2021 Aug 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34500562

RESUMO

Gluconeogenesis is a key interface between organic acid/amino acid/lipid and sugar metabolism. The aims of this article are four-fold. First, to provide a concise overview of plant gluconeogenesis. Second, to emphasise the widespread occurrence of gluconeogenesis and its utilisation in diverse processes. Third, to stress the importance of the vacuolar storage and release of Krebs cycle acids/nitrogenous compounds, and of the role of gluconeogenesis and malic enzyme in this process. Fourth, to outline the contribution of fine control of enzyme activity to the coordinate-regulation of gluconeogenesis and malate metabolism, and the importance of cytosolic pH in this.

9.
J Trace Elem Med Biol ; 68: 126852, 2021 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34508950

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Environmental lead (Pb) and cadmium (Cd) pollution has been considered a risk factor in the etiology of kidney stones. However, the association between Pb and Cd exposure and kidney stone incidence has yet to be determined. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine a possible the association between kidney stones with Pb and Cd exposure (alone or combined) in a non-occupational population. METHODS: Pb and Cd contaminations in soil-plant system were determined by flame atomic absorption spectrophotometry. Health risk assessment of dietary Pb or Cd intake from rice and vegetables were calculated. Kidney stones were diagnosed with urinary tract ultrasonography. Urinary cadmium (UCd) and blood lead (BPb) levels were determined by graphite-furnace atomic absorption spectrometry. Multivariate logistic regression models were constructed. RESULTS: The hazard indexes (HI) of Pb and Cd were 7.91 and 7.31. The odds ratio (OR) was 2.83 (95 %CI:1.38-5.77) in males with high BPb (BPb ≥ 100 µg/L), compared with those with low BPb (BPb<100 µg/L). Compared to those with low BPb and low UCd (BPb<100 µg/L and UCd<2 µg/g creatinine), the ORs were 2.58 (95 % CI:1.17-5.70) and 3.43 (95 % CI:1.21-9.16) in females and males with high BPb and high UCd (BPb ≥100 µg/L and UCd ≥2 µg/g creatinine), respectively. The OR was 3.16 (95 % CI:1.26-7.88) in males with high BPb and low UCd (BPb ≥ 100 µg/L and UCd <2 µg/g creatinine), compared to those with low BPb and low UCd. CONCLUSIONS: Kidney stones incidence was increased by high Pb exposure in males, and by Pb and Cd co-exposure in males and females.

10.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 12: 688967, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34512544

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate whether the reproductive outcomes of oocytes with smooth endoplasmic reticulum aggregates (SERa) are impaired. Methods: A total of 2893 intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) cycles were performed between January 2010 and December 2019 in our center. In 43 transfer cycles, transferred embryos were totally derived from SERa+ oocytes. Each of the 43 cycles was matched with a separate control subject from SERa- patient of the same age ( ± 1 year), embryo condition, main causes of infertility, type of protocols used for fresh or frozen embryo transfer cycles. The clinical pregnancy, implantation, ectopic pregnancy and live birth rate were compared between the two groups. Results: 43 embryo transfer cycles from SERa- patient were matched to the 43 transferred cycles with pure SERa+ oocytes derived embryos. No significant difference was observed in clinical pregnancy rate (55.81% vs. 65.11%, p=0.5081), implantation rate (47.89% vs. 50.70%, p=0.8667) and live birth rate (48.84% vs. 55.81%, p=0.6659) between the SERa+ oocyte group and the matched group. No congenital birth defects were found in the two groups. Conclusion: Our results suggest that the implantation, clinical pregnancy, live birth and birth defects rate of embryos derived from oocytes with SERa are not impaired.

11.
JAMA Netw Open ; 4(9): e2125055, 2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34515782

RESUMO

Importance: Because of tumor heterogeneity, traditional clinical variables remain insufficient to predict recurrence, which impairs long-term survival among patients undergoing radical hepatectomy for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Vessels encapsulating tumor clusters (VETC) constitute a novel vascular pattern distinct from microvascular invasion (MVI), representing biological aggressiveness of HCC. Objective: To establish a model to estimate individualized recurrence-free survival (RFS) in HCC by integrating VETC and MVI. Design, Setting, and Participants: This prognostic study included 498 patients undergoing radical hepatectomy for HCC from 5 academic centers in China from January 1, 2013, to December 31, 2016, and consisted of 3 cohorts: training (243 [48.8%]), internal validation (122 [24.5%]), and external validation (133 [26.7%]). Follow-up was completed on March 30, 2020, and the data were analyzed from December 1 to 31, 2020. Exposures: VETC, MVI, tumor number, and maximum tumor size. Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary end point was RFS. The risk score for relative recurrence and nomogram for absolute RFS probability were derived from the final model, which contained variables recommended by multivariate least absolute shrinkage and selection operator Cox proportional hazards regression analysis. Their performance was quantified using the Harrell concordance index (C index), the time-dependent area under the receiver operating characteristic curve, and calibration curves and was compared with 6 prognostic systems. Recurrence-free survival was estimated by the Kaplan-Meier method, and RFS curves were compared using a log-rank test. Results: Among the 498 patients, 432 (86.7%) were men; the mean (SD) age at diagnosis was 51.4 (11.3) years. Independent predictors for RFS identified included VETC, MVI, tumor number, and maximum tumor size, which were incorporated into the multivariate model (VMNS model). The C index (0.702; 95% CI, 0.653-0.752) for the VMNS score of the training cohort was significantly higher than those of 6 conventional systems (0.587 [95% CI, 0.535-0.638] to 0.657 [95% CI, 0.606-0.708]). Different recurrence risk groups defined by the VMNS score showed significantly different 2-year RFS (low-risk group, 81.4% [SE, 0.036]; medium-risk group, 62.1% [SE, 0.054]; high-risk group, 30.1% [SE, 0.079]; P < .001). Calibration curves of the VMNS nomogram showed good agreement between the nomogram-predicted RFS probability and actual RFS proportion. The internal and external validation cohorts confirmed the results. Conclusions and Relevance: The VMNS model enabled individualized prognostication of RFS in patients with HCC undergoing curative resection.

12.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(15): 3789-3796, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34472251

RESUMO

The genus Chloranthus has 13 species and 5 varieties in China, which can be found in the southwest and northeast regions. Phytochemical studies on Chloranthus plants have reported a large amount of terpenoids, such as diterpenoids, sesquiterpenoids, and sesquiterpenoid dimers. Their anti-inflammation, anti-tumor, antifungal, antivirus, and neuroprotection activities have been confirmed by previous pharmacological research. Herein, research on the chemical constituents from Chloranthus plants and their biological activities over the five years was summarized to provide scientific basis for the further development and utilization of Chloranthus plants.


Assuntos
Diterpenos , Sesquiterpenos , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Plantas , Sesquiterpenos/farmacologia , Terpenos
13.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 2021 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34486001

RESUMO

In this study, we used lead zirconate titanate (PZT) aerogels prepared by a solvothermal assisted sol-gel method as raw materials to synthesize PZT aerogel/PVDF composite coatings and PZT aerogel sintered sheets through natural annealing and PVDF composite and hot pressing, respectively, and then combined them with the design principle of a biomimetic shell structure to prepare an alternate coating/sheet structured PZT aerogel piezoelectric composite with natural distinguished mechanical properties. It had excellent piezoelectric properties with a piezoelectric coefficient d33 of 435.15 pC N-1 and d31 of -144.55 pC N-1, excellent electromechanical coupling properties with a planar electromechanical coupling coefficient of 60.14%, low dielectric loss of 0.76% at 40 Hz and low density of 3.04 g cm-3. When used as the piezoelectric material in underwater acoustic transducers (UATs), compared with all kinds of piezoelectric ceramics, it achieved higher piezoelectric and comprehensive mechanical properties, lower dielectric loss, lower density, and electromechanical coupling properties similar to that of Pb-containing piezoelectric ceramics, thus showing extremely promising application prospects in UATs.

14.
JMIR Mhealth Uhealth ; 9(9): e24402, 2021 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34473067

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: For rehabilitation training systems, it is essential to automatically record and recognize exercises, especially when more than one type of exercise is performed without a predefined sequence. Most motion recognition methods are based on feature engineering and machine learning algorithms. Time-domain and frequency-domain features are extracted from original time series data collected by sensor nodes. For high-dimensional data, feature selection plays an important role in improving the performance of motion recognition. Existing feature selection methods can be categorized into filter and wrapper methods. Wrapper methods usually achieve better performance than filter methods; however, in most cases, they are computationally intensive, and the feature subset obtained is usually optimized only for the specific learning algorithm. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to provide a feature selection method for motion recognition of upper-limb exercises and improve the recognition performance. METHODS: Motion data from 5 types of upper-limb exercises performed by 21 participants were collected by a customized inertial measurement unit (IMU) node. A total of 60 time-domain and frequency-domain features were extracted from the original sensor data. A hybrid feature selection method by combining filter and wrapper methods (FESCOM) was proposed to eliminate irrelevant features for motion recognition of upper-limb exercises. In the filter stage, candidate features were first selected from the original feature set according to the significance for motion recognition. In the wrapper stage, k-nearest neighbors (kNN), Naïve Bayes (NB), and random forest (RF) were evaluated as the wrapping components to further refine the features from the candidate feature set. The performance of the proposed FESCOM method was verified using experiments on motion recognition of upper-limb exercises and compared with the traditional wrapper method. RESULTS: Using kNN, NB, and RF as the wrapping components, the classification error rates of the proposed FESCOM method were 1.7%, 8.9%, and 7.4%, respectively, and the feature selection time in each iteration was 13 seconds, 71 seconds, and 541 seconds, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The experimental results demonstrated that, in the case of 5 motion types performed by 21 healthy participants, the proposed FESCOM method using kNN and NB as the wrapping components achieved better recognition performance than the traditional wrapper method. The FESCOM method dramatically reduces the search time in the feature selection process. The results also demonstrated that the optimal number of features depends on the classifier. This approach serves to improve feature selection and classification algorithm selection for upper-limb motion recognition based on wearable sensor data, which can be extended to motion recognition of more motion types and participants.

15.
Inorg Chem ; 2021 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34474565

RESUMO

Discovering high-performance near-room-temperature thermoelectric materials is extremely imperative to widen the practical application in thermoelectric power generation and refrigeration. Here, ternary Ag2Se1-xTex (x = 0.1, 0.2, 0.3, 0.4, and 0.5) materials are prepared via the wet-mechanical alloying and spark plasma sintering process to investigate their near-room-temperature thermoelectric properties. From density functional theory calculation and single-parabolic-band modeling study, we found that the reduced contribution of Se 4p orbitals to the total density of states decreases the carrier effective mass with increasing Te content, which should enhance the theoretically maximum zT. These calculation results are also verified by the experimental results. Meanwhile, complex microstructures including dislocations, nanograins, high-density boundaries, TeSe substitution, lattice distortions, and localized strain have been observed in ternary Ag2Se1-xTex. These complex microstructures strengthen phonon scattering and in turn lead to ultralow lattice thermal conductivity in the range of 0.21-0.31 W m-1 K-1 in ternary Ag2Se1-xTex at 300 K. Although the increased deformation potential suppresses the carrier mobility, benefiting from the engineered band structures and ultralow lattice thermal conductivity, a high zT of >1 can be potentially obtained in the ternary Ag2Se1-xTex with appropriate carrier concentration. This study indicates that ternary Ag2Se1-xTex is a promising candidate for near-room-temperature thermoelectric applications.

16.
J Nucl Med ; 2021 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34475235

RESUMO

This prospective non-randomized, multicenter clinical trial was performed to investigate efficacy and safety of 131I-labeled metuximab in adjuvant treatment of unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma. Methods: Patients were assigned to treatment with transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) combined with 131I-metuximab or TACE alone. The primary outcome was overall tumor recurrence. The secondary outcomes were safety and overall survival. Results: The median time to tumor recurrence was 6 months in the TACE+131I-metuximab group (n = 160) and 3 months in the TACE group (n = 160) (hazard ratio, 0.55; 95% confidence interval, 0.43 to 0.70; P < 0.001). The median overall survival was 28 months in the TACE+131I-metuximab group and 19 months in the TACE group (hazard ratio, 0.62; 95% confidence interval, 0.47 to 0.82; P = 0.001). Conclusion: TACE+131I-metuximab showed a greater anti-recurrence benefit, significantly improved the 5-year survival of patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma, and was well tolerated by patients.

17.
Hepatol Int ; 2021 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34478116

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recent studies have identified an increased risk of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in autoimmune hepatitis (AIH). Sex and regional disparities in incidence of HCC in AIH continue to be reported worldwide. Nevertheless, the magnitude of this gap remains unknown. METHOD: We searched several databases including PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, Wanfang Data, CNKI and SinoMed. Incidence rates of HCC in AIH were combined and analyzed following the EBayes method. Incidence rate ratios were pooled to assess the sex differences. The impact of population difference, sex, age, cirrhotic condition was further analyzed with subgroup analysis and linear regression analysis. RESULT: 39 studies meeting our eligibility criteria were chosen for the analysis. The pooled incidence rate of HCC in AIH was 3.54 per 1000 person years (95% CI 2.76-4.55). Pooled IRR for the risk of HCC in male AIH patients compared to female was 2.16 (95% CI 1.25-3.75), with mild heterogeneity among studies. The pooled HCC incidence rate in AIH by continents was as follows: Europe 2.37 per 1000 person-years (95% CI 1.45-3.88), Asia 6.18 per 1000 person-years (95%CI 5.51-6.93), North America 2.97 per 1000 person-years (95%CI 2.40-3.68), Oceania 2.60 (95%CI 0.54-7.58). The pooled HCC incidence rate in AIH-related cirrhosis by continent was as follows: Europe 6.35 per 1000 person-years (95%CI 3.94-10.22), Asia 17.02 per 1000 person-years (95%CI 11.18-25.91), North America 10.89 per 1000 person-years (95%CI 6.69-17.74). CONCLUSION: A higher HCC incidence in AIH was observed among male and in Asian populations. Cirrhosis status at AIH diagnosis is significantly associated with an increased incidence rate for HCC, and routine HCC surveillance is recommended for patients with AIH cirrhosis, especially for those in Asia.

18.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 606(Pt 2): 1874-1881, 2021 Aug 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34530184

RESUMO

Developing efficient and cost-effective catalysts for hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) is vital to hydrogen energy's commercial applications. In this study, N,P-doped carbon supported ruthenium (Ru) doped triruthenium tetraphosphide (Re3P4) (Ru-Re3P4/NPC) with porous nanostructure is prepared using the low-toxic melamine phosphate as the carbon and phosphorous source. The in-situ generated N,P-doped carbon layers play a pivotal role in regulating the electrocatalytic activity by avoiding the aggregation of the nanoparticles and increasing the specific surface area. Moreover, Ru doping contributes to the remarkable electrocatalytic performance of the prepared nanomaterials. Impressively, the as-synthesized Ru-Re3P4/NPC presents remarkable electrocatalytic performances toward HER with small overpotentials of 39 mV, 115 mV, and 88 mV to deliver 10 mA cm-2 in alkaline, neutral, and acidic media. Moreover, the prepared electrocatalyst can drive water-splitting with a small potential of 1.45 V@10 mA cm-2 and use sustainable energies, including solar, wind, and thermal, as electric resources. This work paves a novel and valuable way to enhance the electrocatalytic performances of metal phosphides.

19.
Bioengineered ; 12(1): 6390-6402, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34533106

RESUMO

Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is the leading cause of end-stage renal disease worldwide. Autophagy was reported to be related to the pathogenesis of DN. This research investigated the function of the Nucleoporin 160 (Nup160) gene in regulating autophagy in DN. A mouse model of DN was established through an intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin (STZ). Normal rat kidney tubular epithelial cells (NRK-52E) were treated with high glucose to induce DN in vitro. Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR), western blot, immunofluorescence assays were conducted to measure the expression of NUP160, autophagy-associated proteins, and inflammatory cytokines in vitro and in vivo. Pathological changes of kidney and liver tissues were analyzed using hematoxylin and eosin (H&E), Masson and periodic acid-silver (PAS) staining. The body weight, blood glucose, renal and lipid profiles of DN mice were examined. In this study, DN mice showed serious pathological injury. NUP160 expression was upregulated, autophagy was inhibited, and inflammatory response was increased in DN mice. Depletion of NUP160 restored autophagy and inhibited inflammation and fibrosis in high glucose (HG)-treated NRK-52E cells and STZ-induced DN mice by downregulating the expression of p62 and Collagen IV (Col-Ⅳ), increasing the ratio of LC3II/LC3I, and inactivating nuclear factor (NF)-κB signaling. Moreover, NUP160 knockdown could ameliorate pathological damage and glucose tolerance in DN mice. Overall, this study is the first to demonstrate the key role of NUP160 silencing in promoting autophagy against diabetic injury in DN.

20.
PLoS One ; 16(9): e0257236, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34529689

RESUMO

The present study was performed to evaluate the effects of seed priming. This was done by soaking the seeds of two rapeseed cultivars, namely, ZY15 (tolerant to low temperature and drought) and HY49 (sensitive to low temperature and drought), for 12 h in varying solutions: distilled water, 138 mg/L salicylic acid (SA), 300 mg/L gibberellic acid (GA), 89.4 mg/L sodium nitroprusside (SNP), 3000 mg/L calcium chloride (CaCl2), and 30 mg/L abscisic acid (ABA). Primed and non-primed seeds were left to germinate at 15°C and -0.15 MPa (T15W15) and at 25°C and 0 MPa (T25W0), respectively. The results showed that SA, GA, SNP, CaCl2, and ABA significantly improved the germination potential (GP), germination rate (GR), germination index (GI), stem fresh weight (SFW), stem dry weight (SDW), root length (RL), stem length (SL), and seed vigor index (SVI) under T15W15. For ZY15 seeds under T25W0, GA, SNP, CaCl2, and ABA priming reduced the average germination time (96% after 5 days) compared to that of the control (88% after 5 days). For ZY15 seeds under T15W15, SA, SNP, CaCl2, and ABA priming, with respect to the control and water-treated groups, shortened the average germination time (92% after 5 days) compared to that of the control (80% after 5 days). For HY49 seeds under T25W0, GA, SNP, CaCl2, and ABA priming reduced the average germination time (92% after 5 days) compared to that of the control (85% after 5 days). Similarly, for HY49 seeds under T15W15, GA priming shortened the average germination time (89% after 5 days) compared to that of the control (83% after 5 days). These priming agents increased the net photosynthesis, stomatal conductivity, and transpiration rate of rape seedlings under conditions of low temperature and drought stress, while also decreasing intercellular carbon dioxide (CO2) concentrations. Additionally, SA, GA, SNP, CaCl2, and ABA increased superoxide dismutase concentrations (SOD) and ascorbic peroxidase (APX) activities of rape seedlings under stress conditions, while decreasing catalase (CAT) and peroxidase (POD) activities in ZY15 seedlings. In HY49, which is sensitive to low temperature and drought, all priming solutions, except for SNP, led to an increase in SOD activity levels and a decrease in CAT activity levels. Overall, SA, GA, SNP, and CaCl2 increased the concentrations of indoleacetic acid (IAA), GA, ABA, and cytokinin (CTK) in seedlings under stress conditions. Moreover, compared to SA, CaCl2, and ABA, GA (300 mg/L) and SNP (300 mol/L) showed improved priming effects for ZY15 and HY49 under stress conditions.

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