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1.
Pediatr Nephrol ; 2020 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33067674

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The value of lung ultrasound in adult hemodialysis has been confirmed. The determination of dry weight in children remains challenging. This study explores the usefulness of lung ultrasound in assessing fluid volume change and the possibility of pulmonary ultrasound as a method to monitor dry weight in pediatric dialysis patients. METHODS: This was a prospective observational study. We compared the predialysis and postdialysis B-line scores of the dry-weight group and non-dry-weight group. Changes in body weight and B-line scores were recorded during the dialytic period and interdialytic period, and the correlation was analyzed. Lung ultrasound was performed after the dialysis session every Friday, and B-line score < 10 was considered to indicate that there was no volume overload; the weight was recorded as the target weight. RESULTS: Fourteen patients were included. A total of 78 ultrasound assessments were performed: 30 in the dry-weight group and 48 in the non-dry-weight group. The B-line scores decreased after dialysis in all patients (p < 0.001). Thirty-three assessments were performed in the interdialytic period, and 40 assessments in the dialytic period were performed within 1 week. Linear regression showed that changes in B-line number were directly and positively correlated with interdialytic weight gain (r = 0.517, p = 0.002) and dialytic weight loss (r = 0.558, p < 0.001). The weight of the children increased gradually without volume overload in two patients during follow-up. CONCLUSION: Lung ultrasound can assess the fluid volume change of pediatric dialysis patients in real time. Lung ultrasound could be a valuable method for monitoring dry weight in pediatric dialysis patients.

2.
Curr Psychol ; : 1-9, 2020 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33046955

RESUMO

To assess the psychological effects of the novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) on medical staff and the general public. During the outbreak of COVID-19, an internet-based questionnaire included The Self-rating Depression Scale (SDS), Perceived Stress Scale (PSS-10), and Impact of Event Scale-Revised (IES-R) was used to assess the impact of the pandemic situation on the mental health of medical staff and general population in Wuhan and its surrounding areas. Among the 1493 questionnaires completed, 827 (55.39%) of these were men, and 422 (28.27%) of these were medical personnel. The results suggest that the outbreak of COVID-19 has affected individuals significantly, the degree of which is related to age, sex, occupation and mental illness. There was a significant difference in PSS-10 and IES-R scores between the medical staff and the general population. The medical staff showed higher PSS-10 scores (16.813 ± 4.87) and IES-R scores (22.40 ± 12.12) compared to members of the general population PSS-10 (14.80 ± 5.60) and IES-R scores (17.89 ± 13.08). However, there was no statistically significant difference between the SDS scores of medical staff (44.52 ± 12.36) and the general public (43.08 ± 11.42). In terms of the need for psychological assistance, 50.97% of interviewees responded that they needed psychological counseling, of which medical staff accounted for 65.87% and non-medical staff accounted for 45.10%. During the ongoing COVID-19 outbreak, great attention should be paid to the mental health of the population, especially medical staff, and measures such as psychological intervention should be actively carried out for reducing the psychosocial effects.

3.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 2020 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33020795

RESUMO

Recently, a new class of lithium chlorides and bromides (e.g., Li3YCl6 and Li3YBr6) were reported to be promising solid-state electrolytes with high ionic conductivity in all-solid-state battery cells. However, their response under mechanical loading is not known which is critical as mechanical properties can play a pivotal role in reducing interfacing resistance between electrolytes and electrodes. To address this issue, herein, we report the thermo-physical properties of these lithium chlorides and bromides using density functional theory calculations. It was found that the new structures possess relatively larger shear moduli than those of thio-phosphate-type solid-state electrolytes and smaller Young's moduli than those of Garnet-type solid-state electrolytes. This suggests that the new halide materials can be more effective in suppressing the formation of lithium dendrites, accommodating volumetric changes of electrode materials and preventing their own degradation. Meanwhile, Poisson's ratio and Pugh's indicator calculations showed that Li3YCl6 and Li3ScCl6 possess improved ductility than other halide candidates, and thus hold promise as solid-state electrolytes. On the other hand, owing to their relatively high thermal conductivities, lithium bromides were found to be more advantageous in conducting heat which is important to ensure safety. These results provide fundamental insights into the mechanical properties of lithium chlorides and bromides and contribute to the rational mechanical design of solid-state electrolytes and the development advanced all-solid-state batteries.

4.
Orthop Surg ; 2020 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33000562

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the biomechanical effects of different insertion angles of absorbable screws for the fixation of radial head fractures. METHODS: The finite element models used to simulate the fractures were created based on CT scans. Two absorbable screws were used to fix and maintain the stability of the fracture, and the angles between the screws were set to 0°, 15°, 30°, 45°, 60°, 75°, and 90°. A downward force of 100 N was applied at the stress point, which was coupled with the surface, and the distal radius was limited to six degrees of freedom. The direction and location of the applied force were the same in each model. The values of the von Mises stress and peak displacements were calculated. RESULTS: Under the applied load and different screw angles, the maximum von Mises stress in the screws was concentrated on the surface contacting the fracture surfaces. The maximum von Mises equivalent stress in the screw decreased when the angle increased from 0° (19.54 MPa) to 45° (13.11 MPa) and increased when the angle further increased to 90° (24.63 MPa). The peak displacement decreased as the angle increased from 0° (0.19 mm) to 45° (0.15 mm) and increased when the angle further increased to 90° (0.25 mm). CONCLUSION: The computational stress distribution showed that fixation with absorbable screws is safe for patients. Moreover, the minimum von Mises stress and displacements were generated when the angle between the screws was 45°; hence, this setting should be recommended for Mason type II radial fractures.

6.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 2020 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33009026

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mounting evidence, consistent with our previous study, showed that γ-aminobutyric acid type A receptor (GABAAR) played an indispensable role in airway inflammation and mucus hypersecretion in asthma. Monocyte chemotactic protein-inducing protein 1 (MCPIP1) was a key negative regulator of inflammation. Recent studies showed that inflammation was largely suppressed by enhanced MCPIP1 expression in many inflammatory diseases. However, the role and potential mechanism of MCPIP1 in airway inflammation and mucus hypersecretion in asthma were still not well studied. This study was to explore the role of MCPIP1 in asthmatic airway inflammation and mucus hypersecretion in both mice and BEAS-2B cells, and its potential mechanism. METHODS: In vivo, mice were sensitized and challenged by ovalbumin (OVA) to induce asthma. Airway inflammation and mucus secretion were analyzed. In vitro, BEAS-2B cells were chosen. Interleukin (IL)-13 was used to stimulate inflammation and mucus hypersecretion in cells. MCPIP1 Lentiviral vector (LA-MCPIP1) and plasmid-MCPIP1 were used to up-regulate MCPIP1 in lung and cells, respectively. MCP-1, thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP), mucin 5AC (MUC5AC), MCPIP1, and GABAARß2 expressions were measured in both lung and BEAS-2B cells. Immunofluorescence staining was performed to observe the expression of GABAARß2 in cells. RESULTS: MCPIP1 was up-regulated by LA-MCPIP1 (P < 0.001) and plasmid-MCPIP1 (P < 0.001) in lung and cells, respectively. OVA-induced airway inflammation and mucus hypersecretion, OVA-enhanced MCP-1, TSLP, MUC5AC, and GABAARß2 expressions, and OVA-reduced MCPIP1 were significantly blunted by LA-MCPIP1 in mice (all P < 0.001). IL-13-enhanced MCP-1, TSLP, MUC5AC, and GABAARß2 expressions, and IL-13-reduced MCPIP1 were markedly abrogated by plasmid-MCPIP1 in BEAS-2B cells (all P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: The results of this study suggested that OVA and IL-13-induced airway inflammation and mucus hypersecretion were negatively regulated by MCPIP1 in both lung and BEAS-2B cells, involving GABAAR signaling pathway.

7.
High Alt Med Biol ; 2020 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33090046

RESUMO

Objectives: To investigate the effect of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress during the development of high-altitude pulmonary hypertension (HAPH) after chronic high-altitude exposure, as well as the association between oxidative stress and ER stress. Methods: Forty male Sprague-Dawley rats were placed in a low-pressure chamber with a simulated altitude of 4,200 m for 0-28 days. Rats were chosen at random on days 0, 7, 14, and 28 of chronic high-altitude exposure and were examined for pulmonary arterial pressure, oxidative stress, apoptosis, and ER stress. Results: Chronic high-altitude exposure caused a continuous deterioration of pulmonary hypertension, which was accompanied by obvious apoptosis of alveolar epithelial cells and remodeling of pulmonary vessels. From day 7 of high-altitude exposure, although the activities of glutathione peroxidase and superoxide dismutase were gradually decreased, the generation of both malondialdehyde and reactive oxygen species was increased in a time-dependent manner. The protein expression of ER stress-related GRP78, PERK, IRE1α, ATF6, ATF4, CHOP, and caspase-12 in lung tissue was significantly upregulated from day 14 of high-altitude exposure. Further, the expression of caspase-12 in alveolar epithelial cells and vascular smooth muscle cells was also increased from day 14 of high-altitude exposure. Conclusions: Early high-altitude exposure first activates oxidative stress; then, it gradually activates ER stress. The activation of ER stress might promote the apoptosis of alveolar epithelial cells and the remodeling of pulmonary vessels by exacerbating the oxidative stress response during the development of HAPH after chronic high-altitude exposure.

8.
Zootaxa ; 4860(3): zootaxa.4860.3.5, 2020 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33055889

RESUMO

The complete mitochondrial genome (mitogenome) of Pteronarcys sachalina Klapálek was sequenced and compared with those of two other salmonflies for the first time. The mitogenome of P. sachalina was 16,180 bp in length, with an A+T content of 70.6%. The uniform set of 37 genes (13 PCGs, 22 tRNA genes and two rRNA genes) and a long control region (1431 bp) were all annotated. Most PCGs had standard ATN start codons and TAN stop codons. COX1 exhibited the highest evolutionary rate among the 13 PCGs of sequenced species of Pteronarcyidae. ND2 was truncated at the 3' end when compared with congeners. Most tRNA genes had typical cloverleaf secondary structures, whereas the dihydrouridine (DHU) arm of trnS1 was reduced. Tandem repeats and stem-loop (SL) structures were predicted in the control region of P. sachalina. Conserved sequences were found in control regions of the three already sequenced salmonflies, P. sachalina, Pteronarcys princeps Banks, and Pteronarcella badia (Hagen).


Assuntos
Genoma Mitocondrial , Insetos , Animais , China , Filogenia
9.
Zootaxa ; 4767(3): zootaxa.4767.3.4, 2020 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33056556

RESUMO

The taeniopterygid genus Taenionema Banks, 1905 is reported from China for the first time. A newly discovered and probable new species of this genus, Taenionema sp., is described and illustrated based on larvae from Zhejiang Province of coastal southeastern China. The species is characterized by the male larva having a bilobed post-genital plate. Adults will be necessary for a future formal species description. This contribution represents the first larval description in the family Taeniopterygidae from China.


Assuntos
Insetos , Neópteros , Animais , China , Larva , Masculino
10.
Zootaxa ; 4786(4): zootaxa.4786.4.10, 2020 Jun 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33056467

RESUMO

A new species of Kiotina, K. yexiaohani sp. nov. is described from Zhejiang Province of southeastern China. The male of the new species is characterized by the V-shaped epiproct sclerite with thick, out-curved arms and a fusiform base. The apical half of subgenital plate sub-trapezoidal with a slightly notched apex distinguishes the female of the new species. Information on the types and available descriptions of Chinese Kiotina species are summarized. Additionally, an unassociated female of a Kiotina species is described and illustrated.


Assuntos
Insetos , Neópteros , Distribuição Animal , Animais , China , Feminino , Masculino
11.
Zootaxa ; 4767(4): zootaxa.4767.4.7, 2020 Apr 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33056548

RESUMO

At least 56 species of the leuctrid genus Rhopalopsole Klapálek, 1912 are recorded from China. Only the larvae of R. hamata Yang Yang, 1995 has been previously associated with adults. The larvae of R. vespertilio Chen Du, 2017 are described for the first time based on specimens from Jurong City, Jiangsu Province of southeastern China. Brief biological notes are provided for R. vespertilio and the sympatric Nemoura nankinensis Wu, 1926.


Assuntos
Neópteros , Animais , Insetos , Larva
12.
Zootaxa ; 4790(3): zootaxa.4790.3.9, 2020 Jun 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33056700

RESUMO

A new earwig species of Chelisoches Scudder, 1876, C. chongqingensis Ye Chen sp. nov. is reported from Chongqin City of China. The new species is characterized by the distinct metallic luster on the elytra and by the pygidium shape of the female. Descriptions and illustrations of both the male and female of the new species are provided. Another species, Platylabia major Dohrn, 1867, is redescribed based on material collected from Guangdong and Fujian provinces.


Assuntos
Neópteros , Animais , China , Feminino , Masculino
13.
Zootaxa ; 4759(2): zootaxa.4759.2.5, 2020 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33056921

RESUMO

Larvae of Capnia zijinshana Du Chen, 2016 (Capniidae) and Nemoura nankinensis Wu, 1926 (Nemouridae) are described and illustrated based on recently collected specimens collected from Jiangsu Province of southeastern China. These are the first larval descriptions in the family Capniidae and the genus Nemoura Latrielle, 1796 from China. Larval morphology of C. zijinshana is similar to the adults. Larvae of N. nankinensis are consistent with the generic larval definition of previous literature.


Assuntos
Insetos , Neópteros , Distribuição Animal , Animais , China , Larva
14.
PLoS One ; 15(10): e0240238, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33064720

RESUMO

Regional differences and regulatory mechanisms of vegetation productivity response to changing environmental conditions constitute a core issue in macroecological researches. To verify the main limiting factors of different macrosystems [temperature-limited Tibetan Plateau (TP), precipitation-limited Mongolian Plateau (MP), and nutrient-limited Loess Plateau (LP)], we conducted a comparative survey of the east-west grassland transects on the three plateaus and explored the factors limiting regional productivity and their underlying mechanisms. The results showed that aboveground net primary productivity (ANPP) of LP (109.10 ± 16.76 g m-2 yr-1) was significantly higher than that of MP (66.71 ± 11.11 g m-2 yr-1) and TP (57.02 ± 10.59 g m-2 yr-1). The response rate of ANPP with environmental changes was different among different plateaus, being closely related to the main limiting factors. On MP, this was precipitation, on LP it was temperature and nutrients, and on TP, it was non-specific, reflecting restriction by the extremely low temperature. After autocorrelation screening of environmental factors, different regions exhibited different productivity response mechanisms. MP was mainly influenced by temperature and precipitation, LP was influenced by temperature and nutrient, and TP was influenced by nutrient, reflecting the modifying effect of the main limiting factors. The effect of each regional environment on ANPP was 72.56% on average and only 27.18% after simple regional integration. The regional model could optimize the simulation error of the integrated model, and the relative deviations in MP, LP, and TP were reduced by 31.76%, 17.22%, and 2.23%, respectively. These findings indicate that the grasslands on the three plateaus may have different or even the opposite mechanisms to control productivity.

15.
Gene ; : 145247, 2020 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33096183

RESUMO

Transcriptome profiles have been widely captured using short-read sequencing technology, but there are still limitations partially due to the read length. Here, we generated long reads using Oxford Nanopore PromethION™ technology and short reads using the Illumina sequencing platform to study the transcriptome of root, stem, and leaf of Camellia sinensis cv. Fudingdabai. We mapped the Nanopore reads to the Shuchazao of C. sinensis genome sequence, and the mapping rates ranged from 82.63% to 90.59% (average 86.44%); this is lower than that of the Illumina reads which was 87.83% to 91.14% (average 90.12%). Gene expression level was quantified using the Nanopore and Illumina data and we observed a good agreement. The same tea leaf flavor synthesis pathways were highlighted using both sequencing technologies when analyzing the differentially expressed genes between leaf and root. Alternative splicing was then analyzed, and the intron-retention was observed as the most common alternative splicing. Moreover Nanopore long reads could correct transcript isoform annotation for differential expression investigation purposes. Nanopore sequencing techniques can provide a novel reference basis for molecular analysis of tea plants.

16.
Transl Oncol ; 14(1): 100866, 2020 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33074127

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To develop a radiomics algorithm, improving the performance of detecting recurrence, based on posttreatment CT images within one month and at suspicious time during follow-up. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 114 patients with 228 images were randomly split (7:3) into training and validation cohort. Radiomics algorithm was trained using machine learning, based on difference-in-difference (DD) features extracted from tumor and liver regions of interest on posttreatment CTs within one month after resection or ablation and when suspected recurrent lesion was observed but cannot be confirmed as HCC during follow-up. The performance was evaluated by area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) and was compared among radiomics algorithm, change of alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) and combined model of both. Five-folded cross validation (CV) was used to present the training error. RESULTS: A radiomics algorithm was established by 34 DD features selected by random forest and multivariable logistic models and showed a better AUC than that of change of AFP (0.89 [95% CI: 0.78, 1.00] vs 0.63 [95% CI: 0.42, 0.84], P = .04) and similar with the combined model in detecting recurrence in the validation set. Five-folded CV error in the validation cohort was 21% for the algorithm and 26% for the changes of AFP. CONCLUSIONS: The algorithm integrated radiomic features of posttreatment CT showed superior performance to that of conventional AFP and may act as a potential marker in the early detecting recurrence of HCC.

17.
Adv Healthc Mater ; : e2001342, 2020 Oct 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33103357

RESUMO

3D printing is now popular in tissue engineering as it provides a facile route to the fabrication of scaffolds with/without living cells with a predesigned geometry. The properties of the ink constituents are critical for printing structures to meet both mechanical and biological requirements. Despite recent advances in ink development, it remains a challenge to print biopolymer based tough and elastic hydrogels. These hydrogels are in great demand as they can mimic the biomechanics of soft tissues such as skin, muscle, and cartilage. In this study, a catechol functionalized ink system is developed for 3D coaxial printing tough and elastic hydrogels. The ink is based on biopolymers including catechol modified hyaluronic acid (HACA) and alginate. A novel crosslinking strategy is proposed, involving simple ionic crosslinking, catechol mediated crosslinking, and Michael addition that are all induced under mild conditions. The HACA and alginate form a double network with high fracture toughness and elasticity, while proteins such as gelatin can be integrated with the HACA/alginate hydrogel during printing to improve cell interactions. The printed constructs demonstrate high cytocompatibility and support the differentiation of myoblasts into aligned myotubes. The catechol functionalized ink can be further modified to target various applications in soft tissue engineering.

18.
Nanoscale ; 2020 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33026377

RESUMO

Searching for new-type, eco-friendly, and Earth-abundant thermoelectric materials, which can be used as an alternative to the high-cost bismuth telluride, is important for near-room-temperature applications. In this work, nanostructured monoclinic Cu2Se with a low carrier concentration has been synthesized by a wet mechanical alloying process combined with spark plasma sintering. Such a low carrier concentration, which originates from the effectively suppressed Cu deficiencies during the fabrication process, induces a relatively low electrical conductivity and carrier thermal conductivity. Besides, the nanostructured grains combined with point defects and phonon resonance enhance the phonon scattering to induce a low lattice thermal conductivity without sacrificing the electrical transport properties. As a result, our nanostructured monoclinic Cu2Se obtains a figure of merit of 0.72 at 380 K with good thermal stability. This work indicates that nanostructured monoclinic Cu2Se is a promising near-room-temperature thermoelectric material.

19.
Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue ; 29(3): 329-332, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33043355

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess the factors affecting selection of tracheostomy after mandibulectomy. METHODS: The clinical data of 165 patients who were divided into intubated group and tracheostomy group were collected from January 2008 to December 2012 in Shanghai Ninth People's Hospital, including demographics, smoke habits, alcohol consumption, pulmonary disease, American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) physical status classification, history of jaw operation, length of surgery, preoperative radiotherapy, free flap reconstruction, resection over the anterior midline, and radical neck dissection. The postoperative outcomes, such as the duration of keeping tube, the length of ICU stay, the length of hospital stay, and the number of complications and death were collected. Statistical analysis was performed using SAS version 9.2 software package. RESULTS: There were 81 patients in intubated group and 84 patients in tracheostomy group. Three factors that might be associated with selection of tracheostomy after mandibulectomy were preoperative radiotherapy (OR: 3.51, 95% CI: 1.34-9.20), free flap reconstruction (OR: 3.99, 95%CI: 1.84-8.65), and resection over the anterior midline of the jaw (OR: 20.08, 95%CI: 6.52-160.35)(P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Tracheostomy was suitable for patients who received preoperative radiotherapy, free flap reconstruction and resection over the anterior midline after mandibular tumor resection were factors in considering of tracheotomy.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Mandibulares , China , Humanos , Mandíbula/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Traqueostomia
20.
Carbohydr Polym ; 250: 116981, 2020 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33049868

RESUMO

Peripheral nerve injuries mainly occur in the extremities and result in functional deficits, and recovery after microsurgical repair is slow (<1 mm/day) and frustrating. To improve the results of nerve repair, it is crucial to promote local Schwann cell (SC) function, neurite outgrowth, and to reduce perineural adhesion. In this study, a nerve wrap electrospun with Bletilla striata polysaccharide (BSP) and waterborne polyurethane (WPU) was designed to wrap around the repaired nerve to achieve the goal. In SC proliferation/migration tests and neurite outgrowth assay, BSP/WPU revealed considerable improvement. In rabbit sciatic nerve repair model, BSP/WPU exhibited significantly higher compound muscle action potential, muscle contraction force, and reduced perineural adhesion. The downstream fascicles of the BSP/WPU group exhibited a 50 % increase in diameter and 100 % increase in myelin thickness compared with the control group. In vitro and in vivo experiments indicated the positive effect of BSP/WPU nerve wrap on nerve regeneration.

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