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1.
J Genet ; 1022023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36722215

RESUMO

Wilms' tumour (WT) is the most typical type of renal tumour in children, which has a poor prognosis and high recurrence rate. This study explored whether lncRNA EMX2 opposite strand / antisense RNA (EMX2OS) modulated the stemness, epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and metastasis of WTcells through the interaction with insulin-like growth factor 2 mRNA-binding protein 1 (IGF2BP1). The expression levels of EMX2OS, IGF2BP1 and stem cell markers OCT4, Nanog, Sox2 and CD133 were detected by real time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR). The stemness, migration and invasion of WTcells were determined by sphere formation assay, scratch and transwell assay, respectively. The levels of EMT-related proteins were detected by Western blotting. RNA pull down and RIP assays were utilized to validate the interaction between EMX2OS and IGF2BP1. The tumourigenicity of WTcells in vivo was analysed using a xenograft tumour assay. EMX2OS was downregulated in WT patients, while IGF2BP1 was upregulated. EMX2OS overexpression or IGF2BP1 knockdown suppressed WT cell sphere formation, migration and invasion. Moreover, EMX2OS could directly interact with RNA-binding protein IGF2BP1, and IGF2BP1 overexpression counteracted the inhibitory effect of EMX2OS on WT cell stemness, migration, invasion and EMT. The in vivo tumour growth, stemness and EMT were repressed by EMX2OS through the interaction with IGF2BP1. In conclusion, EMX2OS acted as a tumour suppressor for WT by interacting with IGF2BP1, which might be a novel target for WT diagnosis and therapy.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Renais , RNA Longo não Codificante , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA , Fatores de Transcrição , Tumor de Wilms , Criança , Humanos , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/genética , Neoplasias Renais/genética , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Tumor de Wilms/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA/genética
4.
Ann Bot ; 2023 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36721969

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Modern tropical rainforests house the highest biodiversity of the Earth's terrestrial biomes and are distributed in three low-latitude areas. However, the biogeographical patterns and processes underlying the distribution of biodiversity among these three areas are still poorly known. Here, we used Tiliacoreae, a tribe of pantropical lianas with high level of regional endemism, to provide new insights into the biogeographical relationships of tropical rainforests among different continents. METHODS: Based on seven plastid and two nuclear DNA regions, we reconstructed a phylogeny for Tiliacoreae with the most comprehensive sampling ever. Within the phylogenetic framework, we then estimated divergence times and investigated the spatio-temporal evolution of the tribe. KEY RESULTS: The monophyletic Tiliacoreae contains three major clades, which correspond to Neotropical, Afrotropical and Indo-Malesian/Australasian areas, respectively. Both Albertisia and Anisocycla are not monophyletic. The most recent common ancestor of Tiliacoreae occurred in Indo-Malesia, Afrotropics and Neotropics in the early Eocene, then rapidly diverged into three major clades between 48 Ma and 46 Ma. Three dispersals from Indo-Malesia to Australasia were inferred, one in the middle Eocene and two in the late Oligocene-late Miocene, and two dispersals from Afrotropics to Indo-Malesia occurred in the late Eocene-Oligocene. CONCLUSIONS: The three main clades of Anisocycla correspond to three distinct genera, i.e., Anisocycla sensu stricto and two new genera (Georgesia and Macrophragma). Epinetrum is a member of Albertisia. Our findings highlight that sea-level fluctuations and climate changes in the Cenozoic have played important roles in shaping the current distribution and endemism of Tiliacoreae, hence contributing to the knowledge on the historical biogeography of tropical rainforests on a global scale.

5.
J Mol Med (Berl) ; 2023 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36688959

RESUMO

Inflammation and apoptosis are two important pathological causes of intervertebral disc degeneration (IDD). The crosstalk between these two biological processes during IDD pathogenesis remains elusive. Herein, we discovered that chronic inflammation induced apoptosis through a cullin-RING E3 ligase (CRL)-dependent mechanism. Two cullin proteins, CUL4A and 4B, recruited DNA damage-binding protein 1 (DDB1), RING-box protein 1 (RBX1) and DDB1- and CUL4-associated factor 6 (DCAF6) to assemble a CRL4DCAF6 E3 ligase in intervertebral discs (IVDs) derived from IDD patients. The CRL4DCAF6 E3 ligase ubiquitinated and degraded C-terminal-binding protein 1 and 2 (CtBP1/2), two homologues of transcriptional corepressors. The degradation of CtBP1/2 disassociated from the p300-forkhead box O3a (FOXO3a) complex, inducing the expression of B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl2)-binding component 3 (BBC3) and causing BBC3-dependent apoptosis. TSC01131, a small molecule that specifically targets CUL4-DDB1 interaction, could inhibit the ubiquitination of CtBP1/2 in vitro and in vivo, thereby decreasing the BBC3 expression level and preventing apoptosis signalling. Using a mouse chronic inflammation model, we found that chronic inflammation could accelerate the IDD process through a conserved CRL4DCAF6-mediated mechanism. The administration of TSC01131 to mice could significantly improve the outcome of IDD. Collectively, our results revealed that inflammation-dependent CRL4DCAF6 E3 ligase triggered apoptosis through the removal of CtBP-mediated transrepression. The blockage of the CRL4DCAF6 E3 ligase by TSC01131 may represent a new therapeutic strategy for IDD treatment. KEY MESSAGES: CUL4A and CUL4B recruited DDB1, RBX1 and DCAF6 to assemble a CRL4DCAF6 E3 ligase in human IDD biopsies. The CRL4DCAF6 E3 ligase ubiquitinated and degraded CtBP1/2, causing BBC3-dependent apoptosis. A small molecule TSC01131 that specifically targets CUL4-DDB1 interaction could inhibit the ubiquitination of CtBP1/2, improving the outcome of IDD in a mouse model.

6.
J Biomed Mater Res A ; 2023 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36651651

RESUMO

Bioengineered corneal substitutes offer a solution to the shortage of donor corneal tissue worldwide. As one of the major structural components of the cornea, collagen has shown great potential for tissue-engineered cornea substitutes. Herein, free-standing collagen membranes fabricated using electro-compaction were assessed in corneal bioengineering application by comparing them with nonelectro-compacted collagen (NECC). The well-organized and biomimetic fibril structure resulted in a significant improvement in mechanical properties. A 10-fold increase in tensile and compressive modulus was recorded when compared with NECC membranes. In addition to comparable transparency in the visible light range, the glucose permeability of the electro-compacted collagen (ECC) membrane is higher than that of the native human cornea. Human corneal epithelial cells adhere and proliferate well on the ECC membrane, with a large cell contact area observed. The as-described ECC has appropriate structural, topographic, mechanical, optical, glucose permeable, and cell support properties to provide a platform for a bioengineered cornea; including the outer corneal epithelium and potentially deeper corneal tissues.

7.
Mol Phylogenet Evol ; 181: 107712, 2023 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36693534

RESUMO

Angiosperms, a trigger for the Cretaceous Terrestrial Revolution (KTR), underwent a rapid expansion and occupied all the environments during the Mid-Upper Cretaceous. Yet, Cretaceous biogeographic patterns and processes underlying the distribution of angiosperm diversity in the Northern Hemisphere are still poorly known. Here, we elucidated the biogeographic diversification of the angiosperm family Papaveraceae, an ancient Northern Hemisphere clade characterized by poor dispersal ability and high level of regional endemism. Based on both plastome and multi-locus datasets, we reconstructed a robust time-calibrated phylogeny that includes all currently recognized 45 genera of this family. Within the time-calibrated phylogenetic framework, we conducted 72 biogeographic analyses by testing the sensitivity of uncertainties of area delimitation, maxarea constraints, and the parameters of the model, i.e., j (describing jump-dispersal events) and w (modifying dispersal multiplier matrices), to ancestral range estimations. We also inferred ancestral habitat and ecological niches. Phylogenetic analyses strongly support Papaveraceae as monophyletic. Pteridophylloideae is strongly supported as sister to Hypecoideae-Fumarioideae. Our results indicate that the j parameter and number of predefined areas strongly affect ancestral range estimates, generating questionable ancestral ranges, whereas maxarea constraint and w parameter have no effect and improve model fit. After accounting for these uncertainties, our results indicate that Papaveraceae differentiated in Asian wet forests during the Lower Cretaceous and subsequently occupied the Asian and western North American arid and open areas. Three dispersals from Asia to western North America via the Bering land bridge occurred in the Mid-Upper Cretaceous, largely in agreement with the KTR. Habitat shift and ecological niche divergence resulted in the subsequent disjunctions between Asia and western North America. These findings suggest that the interplay of range expansion and niche divergence-driven vicariance might have shaped Cretaceous biogeographic patterns of angiosperms with Papaveraceae-like ecological requirements and dispersal abilities in the Northern Hemisphere, hence contributing to the knowledge on the geographic expansion of angiosperms during the KTR.

8.
J Natl Compr Canc Netw ; 21(1): 60-66.e5, 2023 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36630898

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Our study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and feasibility of neoadjuvant anti-PD-1 treatment for localized mismatch repair-deficient (dMMR) colorectal cancer (CRC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study cohort included patients with localized dMMR CRC who received PD-1 inhibitors as neoadjuvant therapy from 3 medical centers in Southern China. Main eligibility criteria included age between 18 and 75 years, ECOG performance status of 0 or 1, and receipt of ≥2 doses of PD-1 inhibitors. RESULTS: A total of 73 patients were included. Most of the tumors were locally advanced, including 19 (26.0%) T4a and 29 (39.7%) T4b. Most patients (79.5%) received PD-1 inhibitor monotherapy. Objective response per radiologic assessment was achieved in 62 (84.9%) patients, including 17 (23.3%) with complete response (CR) and 45 (61.6%) with partial response, with a median time to response of 9.6 weeks. Patients with T4a/4b disease had a similar response rate as those with T2-3 disease (84.0% vs 85.4%; P=.999). As of writing, a total of 50 patients have undergone surgery. Pathologic CR was achieved in most (57.1%) patients and remained high (59.5%) even among the 38 patients with T4a/4b disease. The 17 patients with CR did not undergo surgery and adopted a watch-and-wait strategy. After a median follow-up of 17.2 months (range, 3.4-45.1 months), the overall median recurrence-free and overall survivals were not reached. Among patients undergoing surgery or achieving CR, the 2-year tumor-specific disease-free and overall survival rates were both 100%. During neoadjuvant treatment, grade 3-4 adverse events occurred in 8 patients; 4 required acute intervention. Severe postoperative complications were recorded in 4 patients, 3 of whom required a second surgery. CONCLUSIONS: Neoadjuvant therapy with PD-1 blockade is highly effective for localized dMMR CRC, with an acceptable safety profile and low recurrence rate. This treatment holds promise for becoming the new standard of care for localized dMMR CRCs.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Colo , Neoplasias Colorretais , Humanos , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Terapia Neoadjuvante , Inibidores de Checkpoint Imunológico/farmacologia , Inibidores de Checkpoint Imunológico/uso terapêutico , Reparo de Erro de Pareamento de DNA , Neoplasias do Colo/patologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , Imunoterapia , Instabilidade de Microssatélites
9.
Patient Prefer Adherence ; 17: 217-226, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36713972

RESUMO

Purpose: Poor antidiabetic medication adherence remains a great barrier to effective diabetes self-management among aging adults. This study investigates the mediation and moderation effects of self-efficacy on the relationship between medication beliefs and adherence in elderly patients with type 2 diabetes. Methods: This cross-sectional study evaluated a sample of 309 hospitalized elderly patients who completed the assessment of medication beliefs, self-efficacy for medication uses and medication adherence in a tertiary hospital in Shanghai, China. A bootstrapping sampling method and hierarchical moderator regression analysis were used to verify the hypothesis of mediation and moderation effects of self-efficacy on the relationship between medication beliefs and adherence. Results: Self-efficacy for medication use acted as a moderator (B=-0.063, t=-2.215, p=0.028) and partial mediator (CItotal effect=4.5-16.63, p=0.001; CIindirect=1.524-5.323, p=0.014; CIdirect=2.151-11.817, p=0.001) on the relationship between general harm medication beliefs and medication adherence. Participants with lower general harm medication beliefs may develop higher self-efficacy, which, in turn, results in a higher level of medication adherence, and higher self-efficacy may attenuate the negative effect of high general harm medication beliefs on medication adherence. Conclusion: Self-efficacy for medication use not only mediated the relationship between general harm beliefs about medication and medication adherence, but moderated it negatively. The findings of this study indicate an opportunity to improve the prognosis of elderly Chinese patients with type 2 diabetes through improved medication adherence by strengthening factors such as self-efficacy for appropriate medication use and general harm beliefs about medication.

10.
Langmuir ; 2023 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36719318

RESUMO

The potential of spider silk as an intriguing biological prototype for collecting water from a humid environment has attracted wide attention, and various materials with suitable structures have been engineered. Here, inspired by this phenomenon, a kind of superwetting poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) membrane with spindle-knotted structured fibers was prepared by the electrospinning method followed by oxygen plasma etching treatment. The prepared membrane presented a satisfactory separation efficiency for various oil-in-water emulsions. The cooperative effect of the special wettability property and the spindle-knot structure stimulated the emulsified oil droplets to accumulate quickly on the membrane surface. A model that explains the accumulation of emulsified oil droplets has also been developed. Furthermore, an artificial fiber comprising a micron-sized spindle-knot structure was prepared by the dip-coating method to clearly illustrate the aggregation process of the emulsified oil droplets and to verify the theoretical explanation. We hope that this study will provide new inspiration for oil/water emulsion separation techniques.

11.
Liver Int ; 2023 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36648384

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Human neutrophil peptides (HNP)-1, -2 and -3 are the most abundant proteins in neutrophil azurophilic granules and are rapidly released via neutrophil degranulation upon activation. The aims of our study were to assess the role of HNP1-3 as biomarkers of disease severity in patients with decompensated cirrhosis and their value in predicting short-term mortality. METHODS: In this study, 451 patients with acutely decompensated cirrhosis (AD) were enrolled at the two medical centres. Overall, 281 patients were enrolled as the training cohort from October 2015 to April 2019, and 170 patients were enrolled as the validation cohort from June 2020 to February 2021. Plasma HNP1-3 levels were measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). RESULTS: Plasma HNP1-3 increased stepwise with disease severity (compensated cirrhosis: 0.3 (0.2-0.4); AD without acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF): 1.9 (1.3-4.8); ACLF-1: 2.3 (1.8-6.1); ACLF-2: 5.6 (2.9-12.3); ACLF-3: 10.3 (5.7-17.2) ng/ml). From the multivariate Cox regression analysis, HNP1-3 emerged as independent predictors of mortality at 30 and 90 days. Similar results were observed in the subgroup analysis. On ROC analysis, plasma HNP1-3 showed better predictive accuracy for 30- and 90-day mortality (area under the receiver operating characteristic (AUROC) of 0.850 and 0.885, respectively) than the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and similar accuracy as end-stage liver disease (MELD: 0.881 and 0.874) and chronic liver failure-sequential organ failure (CLIF-SOFA: 0.887 and 0.878). CONCLUSIONS: Plasma HNP1-3 levels were closely associated with disease severity and might be used to identify patients with AD at high risk of short-term mortality.

12.
J Mol Med (Berl) ; 2023 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36629882

RESUMO

Nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB)-mediated inflammation is a major cause of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). However, the regulatory mechanisms by which NF-κB transactivates proinflammatory cytokines remain unclear in the pathogenesis of ARDS. Herein, we report that the activating protein 1 (AP1) transcription factor recruits a histone acetyltransferase p300 and a transcriptional regulator C-terminal binding protein 1 (CtBP1) to assemble the CtBP1-p300-AP1 complex, which transactivates the expression of hsa-miR-7-5p in ARDS biopsies. Overexpressed hsa-miR-7-5p binds to the three prime untranslated regions (3'-UTRs) of ataxin 1 (ATXN1), suppressing its expression. Decreased ATXN1 expression relieves its repression of NF-κB, causing the induction of proinflammatory cytokine genes and triggering an inflammatory response. Depletion of CtBP1 or treatments with two CtBP1 inhibitors (NSC95397 and 4-methylthio-2-oxobutanoate (MTOB)) in human macrophages impairs the assembly of the CtBP2-p300-AP1 complex, resulting in decreased hsa-miR-7-5p levels, upregulation of ATXN1, and attenuation of proinflammatory cytokines. A similar regulatory mechanism was observed in lipopolysaccharide-treated mice. Our results reveal that increased hsa-miR-7-5p level mediated by the CtBP1-p300-AP1 complex targets ATXN1 to trigger an NF-κB-dependent inflammatory response. Interfering with this signaling pathway to block the inflammatory response may be a strategy for treating ARDS. KEY MESSAGES : The transcription factor AP1 recruits p300 and CtBP1 to form a transcriptional complex, which transactivates the expression of hsa-miR-7-5p in ARDS biopsies. Overexpressed hsa-miR-7-5p binds to the 3'-UTR of ATXN1, suppressing its expression. The decreased ATXN1 impaired its suppression of NF-κB, causing the induction of proinflammatory cytokine genes and triggering inflammation response. Disruption of the assembly of CtBP2-p300-AP1 complex upregulates ATXN1 and attenuates inflammation.

13.
Cancers (Basel) ; 15(1)2023 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36612298

RESUMO

MET inhibitors have shown promising efficacy for MET-dysregulated non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, quite a few patients cannot benefit from it due to the lack of powerful biomarkers. This study aims to explore the potential role of plasma proteomics-derived biomarkers for patients treated with MET inhibitors using mass spectrometry. We analyzed the plasma proteomics from patients with MET dysregulation (including MET amplification and MET overexpression) treated with MET inhibitors. Thirty-three MET-dysregulated NSCLC patients with longitudinal 89 plasma samples were included. We classified patients into the PD group and non-PD group based on clinical response. The baseline proteomic profiles of patients in the PD group were distinct from those in the non-PD group. Through protein screening, we found that a four-protein signature (MYH9, GNB1, ALOX12B, HSD17B4) could predict the efficacy of patients treated with MET inhibitors, with an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.93, better than conventional fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) or immunohistochemistry (IHC) tests. In addition, combining the four-protein signature with FISH or IHC test could also reach higher predictive performance. Further, the combined signature could predict progression-free survival for MET-dysregulated NSCLC (p < 0.001). We also validated the performance of the four-protein signature in another cohort of plasma using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. In conclusion, the four plasma protein signature (MYH9, GNB1, ALOX12B, and HSD17B4 proteins) might play a substitutable or complementary role to conventional MET FISH or IHC tests. This exploration will help select patients who may benefit from MET inhibitors.

14.
Carbohydr Polym ; 302: 120403, 2023 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36604075

RESUMO

Conductive hydrogel (CH) as flexible electrophysiology interface has become the new trend of bioelectronics, but still challenging in synergizing the biocompatibility, mechanics and comprehensive electrical performance. Hyaluronic acid (HA), featured with abundant active sites for personalized-modification and well-known biocompatibility, is one of the alterative candidates. The obstacle lies in the unstable conductivity from the ionic conduction, and the electronic conduction by embedding conductive nanoparticles (NPs) is likely to result in inhomogeneous CH with poor stretchability and discontinuous conductive network. Herein, inspired by catechol chemistry, dopamine (DA)-modified HA was homogeneously composited with DA-modified poly (3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):poly(styrenesulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS, named PP), to produce particle-free conductive hydrogel (HA-DA-PP). The DA-introduced multiple bondings in HA network and PP molecules brought aqueous conductive PP into HA hydrogel to form a homogeneous crosslinking network, imparted the flexible stretchability. By accurately regulation, HA-DA-PP achieved high stretchability with large tensile deformation (over 470 %) in the category of natural polymer-based hydrogels. Moreover, the interaction between DA and PP (conformational transition and charge transfer) could effectively enhance the hydrogel's conductivity. Consequently, HA-DA-PP hydrogel showed high sensibility to human movement, epidermal and in vivo electrophysiological signals monitoring. Overall, DA-mediated multiple bonding is a powerful strategy for constructing CH with high performance for bioelectronics.


Assuntos
Ácido Hialurônico , Hidrogéis , Humanos , Hidrogéis/química , Ácido Hialurônico/química , Dopamina , Polímeros/química , Conformação Molecular , Condutividade Elétrica
15.
Mol Immunol ; 154: 96-107, 2023 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36621062

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lactate accumulation caused by abnormal tumor metabolism can induce the formation of an inhibitory immune microenvironment through a variety of pathways, which is characterized by regulatory T cells (Treg) infiltration and effector T cells (Teff) depletion. Studies have found that the key reason why Treg cells can survive in harsh environments lies in their flexible metabolic mode, which can use lactate in tumor microenvironment (TME) as an alternative energy substance to maintain their inhibitory activity. In addition, lactate could also promote the differentiation of CD4+T cells into Treg, but the mechanism was not completely clear. The purpose of this study was to investigate the possible mechanism by which lactate is utilized by CD4+T cells to influence Th17/Treg ratio. METHODS: Basal cytokines (anti-CD3, anti-CD28, TGF-ß) and 10 mM lactate was added into Naïve CD4+T cells basal medium for 3 days. After TCR stimulation, Naïve CD4+T converted to CD4+T. Flow cytometry was used to detect the proportion of Treg cells; ELISA was used to detect the activity of LDHA, LDHB and NADH and the amount of α -Ketoglutaric Acid (α-KG) and 2-Hydroxyglutaric Acid (2HG) after lactate entered the cells; Western Blot and RT-PCR were used to detect the protein and gene expression of Foxp3, RORγt, LDHA and LDHB. In the validation experiment, lactate uptake inhibitor AZD3965, LDHA inhibitor GSK2837808A and NADH conversion inhibitor Rotenone were added respectively to observe the differentiation ratio of Treg cells and confirm the key points of metabolism; the degradation of Treg cell transcription factor Foxp3 was interfered with ubiquitination inhibitors to observe whether it co-ubiquitinated with HIF-1α; the expression and activity of LDHA, LDHB and NADH in mitochondria and cytoplasm were detected to confirm cell localization. RESULTS: When basal cytokines (anti-CD3, anti-CD28, TGF-ß) stimulated, lactate was added to the culture medium, and CD4+T cells absorbed a large amount of lactate not only through MCT1 (monocarboxylic acid transporter), but also increased the expression of lactate dehydrogenase and accelerated the intracellular metabolism of lactate. LDHB in cytoplasm mainly catalyzed the dehydrogenation of lactate to pyruvate, accompanied by the transformation reaction between NAD+ and NADH. The latter further entered the mitochondria and participates in the tricarboxylic acid cycle metabolism. In addition, lactate could significantly increase the level of LDHA in mitochondria and promote the transformation of α-KG to 2HG, accompanied by the transformation of NADH to NAD+. These metabolic changes eventually led to an increase in the intracellular 2HG/α-KG ratio. Abnormal 2HG increased the proportion of Treg by inhibiting ATP5B-mediated phosphorylation of mTOR and the synthesis of HIF-1α, causing it not be enough to ubiquitinate and degrade with Foxp3. CONCLUSIONS: Lactate plays an important role in regulating the differentiation of Treg cells, inducing the expression and function of LDHA and promoting the transformation of α-KG to 2HG may be an important mechanism.

16.
BMC Genomics ; 24(1): 27, 2023 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36650452

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: As an economically important crop, tea is strongly nitrogen (N)-dependent. However, the physiological and molecular mechanisms underlying the response of N deficiency in tea are not fully understood. Tea cultivar "Chunlv2" [Camellia sinensis (L.) O. Kuntze] were cultured with a nutrient solution with 0 mM [N-deficiency] or 3 mM (Control) NH4NO3 in 6 L pottery pots containing clean river sands. RESULTS: N deficiency significantly decreased N content, dry weight, chlorophyll (Chl) content, L-theanine and the activities of N metabolism-related enzymes, but increased the content of total flavonoids and polyphenols in tea leaves. N deficiency delayed the sprouting time of tea buds. By using the RNA-seq technique and subsequent bioinformatics analysis, 3050 up-regulated and 2688 down-regulated differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were isolated in tea leaves in response to N deficiency. However, only 1025 genes were up-regulated and 744 down-regulated in roots. Gene ontology (GO) term enrichment analysis showed that 205 DEGs in tea leaves were enriched in seven GO terms and 152 DEGs in tea roots were enriched in 11 GO items based on P < 0.05. In tea leaves, most GO-enriched DEGs were involved in chlorophyll a/b binding activities, photosynthetic performance, and transport activities. But most of the DEGs in tea roots were involved in the metabolism of carbohydrates and plant hormones with regard to the GO terms of biological processes. N deficiency significantly increased the expression level of phosphate transporter genes, which indicated that N deficiency might impair phosphorus metabolism in tea leaves. Furthermore, some DEGs, such as probable anion transporter 3 and high-affinity nitrate transporter 2.7, might be of great potential in improving the tolerance of N deficiency in tea plants and further study could work on this area in the future. CONCLUSIONS: Our results indicated N deficiency inhibited the growth of tea plant, which might be due to altered N metabolism and expression levels of DEGs involved in the photosynthetic performance, transport activity and oxidation-reduction processes.


Assuntos
Camellia sinensis , Camellia sinensis/metabolismo , Clorofila A , Nitrogênio/metabolismo , Chá/metabolismo , Folhas de Planta/metabolismo , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas
17.
Clin Med Insights Oncol ; 17: 11795549221147993, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36685988

RESUMO

Background: Assessing the prognosis preoperatively in patients with upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) remains a challenge for urologists. Gross hematuria (GH) and flank pain (FP) are the 2 most common and easily perceived symptoms of UTUC. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the prognostic values of GH and FP in patients with UTUC after undergoing radical nephroureterectomy (RNU). Methods: This article retrospectively analyzed 179 patients with UTUC who underwent RNU and examined the associations between the FP, GH, and long-term survival. After dividing patients into 4 subgroups (presenting as GH without FP, FP without GH, no FP and GH, FP with GH), we focused on the prognostic values of the 4 subgroups using univariate and multivariate analyses. We then proposed a risk stratification model for UTUC based on the independent prognostic factors for cancer-specific survival (CSS) with external validation (146 additional UTUC patients formed the validation cohort). Results: Patients with FP had worse oncological outcomes than those without FP (P < .05). After dividing the 179 patients into 4 subgroups, the "FP without GH" subgroup suffered the worst oncological outcomes (P < .001). The Cox multivariate regression analysis showed that "FP without GH" (P < .001), tumor multifocality (P = .005), and pathological stage (P = .004) were independent prognostic factors for CSS. Good performance of the risk stratification model was achieved in both the training and external validation cohorts. Conclusion: The presence of "flank pain without gross hematuria" was one of the independent risk factors of CSS and OS besides the pathological stage and tumor multifocality. To our knowledge, this is the first study that adding complaint to risk stratification model in UTUC.

18.
PLoS One ; 18(1): e0280449, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36652436

RESUMO

Heavy metal pollution is becoming a serious problem in wetland and often co-occurs with nutrient availability and light conditions variation. We hypothesized that nutrient availability and light condition can affect the growth of wetland plants under heavy metal stress. To test this hypothesis, single ramets of a common, clonal wetland plant Hydrocotyle vulgaris were grown for four weeks at three levels of cadmium with three levels of nutrient availability under 30% or 100% light conditions. High level of nutrient availability and high light condition overall promoted growth of H. vulgaris under Cd stress. Under the two light conditions, responses of H. vulgaris to Cd treatments differed among three nutrient levels. Under 30% light condition, 2 mg L-1 Cd2+ treatment decreased total mass at the low nutrient level and decreased ramet number at the medium nutrient level; 0.5 and 2 mg L-1 Cd2+ treatments decreased leaf mass ratio at the low and the medium nutrient levels. Under 100% light condition, 2 mg L-1 Cd2+ treatments significantly decreased total mass at the high level of nutrients; 2 mg L-1 Cd2+ treatment decreased ramet number at the medium and the high nutrient levels and decreased leaf mass ratio at the medium nutrient levels. Our results suggested that Cd stress can interact with nutrient availability and light condition to affect the performance of wetland plants such as H. vulgaris.


Assuntos
Cádmio , Centella , Biomassa , Cádmio/toxicidade , Nutrientes , Folhas de Planta
19.
Signal Transduct Target Ther ; 8(1): 42, 2023 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36681668

RESUMO

The Omicron variants of SARS-CoV-2, primarily authenticated in November 2021 in South Africa, has initiated the 5th wave of global pandemics. Here, we systemically examined immunological and metabolic characteristics of Omicron variants infection. We found Omicron resisted to neutralizing antibody targeting receptor binding domain (RBD) of wildtype SARS-CoV-2. Omicron could hardly be neutralized by sera of Corona Virus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) convalescents infected with the Delta variant. Through mass spectrometry on MHC-bound peptidomes, we found that the spike protein of the Omicron variants could generate additional CD8 + T cell epitopes, compared with Delta. These epitopes could induce robust CD8 + T cell responses. Moreover, we found booster vaccination increased the cross-memory CD8 + T cell responses against Omicron. Metabolic regulome analysis of Omicron-specific T cell showed a metabolic profile that promoted the response of memory T cells. Consistently, a greater fraction of memory CD8 + T cells existed in Omicron stimulated peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs). In addition, CD147 was also a receptor for the Omicron variants, and CD147 antibody inhibited infection of Omicron. CD147-mediated Omicron infection in a human CD147 transgenic mouse model induced exudative alveolar pneumonia. Taken together, our data suggested that vaccination booster and receptor blocking antibody are two effective strategies against Omicron.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Humanos , Animais , Camundongos , COVID-19/genética , Leucócitos Mononucleares , SARS-CoV-2 , Anticorpos Neutralizantes , Epitopos , Camundongos Transgênicos
20.
J Am Chem Soc ; 2023 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36696285

RESUMO

In biological systems, many biomacromolecules (e.g., heme proteins) are capable of switching their states reversibly in response to external stimuli, endowing these natural architectures with a high level of diversity and functionality. Although tremendous efforts have been made to advance the complexity of artificial supramolecules, it remains a challenge to construct metallo-supramolecular systems that can carry out reversible interconversion among multiple states. Here, a pH-responsive tridentate ligand, 2,6-di(1H-imidazole-2-yl)pyridine (H2DAP), is incorporated into the multitopic building block for precise construction of giant metallo-supramolecular hexagonal wreaths with three metal ions, i.e., Fe(II), Co(II), and Ni(II), through coordination-driven self-assembly. In particular, a Co-linked wreath enables in situ reversible interconversion among four states in response to pH and oxidant/reductant with highly efficient conversion without losing structural integrity. During the state interconversion cycles, the physical properties of the assembled constructs are finely tuned, including the charge states of the backbone, valency of metal ions, and paramagnetic/diamagnetic features of complexes. Such discrete wreath structures with a charge-switchable backbone further facilitate layer-by-layer assembly of metallo-supramolecules on the substrate.

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