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1.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; : e202405493, 2024 Apr 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38604975

RESUMO

Synthesis of ammonia by electrochemical nitrogen reduction reaction (NRR) is a promising alternative to the Haber-Bosch process. However, it is commonly obstructed by the high activation energy. Here, we report the design and synthesis of an Al-Al bonded dual atomic catalyst stabilized within an amorphous nitrogen-doped porous carbon matrix (Al2NC) with high NRR performance. The dual atomic Al2-sites act synergistically to catalyze the complex multiple steps of NRR through adsorption and activation, enhancing the proton-coupled electron transfer. This Al2NC catalyst exhibits a high Faradic efficiency of 16.56±0.3% with a yield rate of 29.22±1.2 µg.h-1.mgcat-1. The dual atomic Al2NC catalyst shows long-term repeatable, and stable NRR performance. This work presents an insight into the identification of synergistic dual atomic catalytic site and mechanistic pathway for the electrochemical conversion of N2 to NH3.

2.
J Cancer Surviv ; 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38561585

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic restrictions in the US since March 2020 on cancer survivorship among Black and Hispanic breast cancer (BC) survivors remains largely unknown. We aimed to evaluate associations of the pandemic with participant characteristics, patient-reported outcomes (PROs), and lifestyle factors among Black and Hispanic BC survivors in the Women's Circle of Health Follow-Up Study and the New Jersey BC Survivors Study. METHODS: We included 447 Black (npre = 364 and npost = 83) and 182 Hispanic (npre = 102 and npost = 80) BC survivors who completed a home interview approximately 24 months post-diagnosis between 2017 and 2023. The onset of the pandemic was defined as March 2020. The association of the pandemic with binary outcomes was estimated using robust Poisson regression models. RESULTS: Hispanic and Black BC survivors recruited after the onset of the pandemic reported higher socioeconomic status and fewer comorbidities. Black women in the post-pandemic group reported a higher prevalence of clinically significant sleep disturbance (prevalence ratio (PR) 1.43, 95% CI 1.23, 1.68), lower sleep efficiency, and lower functional well-being, compared to the pre-pandemic group. Hispanic women were less likely to report low health-related quality of life (vs. high; PR 0.62, 95% CI 0.45, 0.85) after the onset of the pandemic. CONCLUSIONS: Ongoing research is crucial to untangle the impact of the pandemic on racial and ethnic minorities participating in cancer survivorship research, as well as PROs and lifestyle factors. IMPLICATIONS FOR CANCER SURVIVORS: This study highlights the importance of considering the impact of the pandemic in all aspects of research, including the interpretation of findings.

3.
Heliyon ; 10(7): e27948, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38571643

RESUMO

Ischemic stroke is a significant burden on human health worldwide. Carotid Atherosclerosis stenosis plays an important role in the comprehensive assessment and prevention of ischemic stroke patients. High-resolution vessel wall magnetic resonance imaging has emerged as a successful technique for assessing carotid atherosclerosis stenosis. This advanced imaging modality has shown promise in effectively displaying a wide range of characteristics associated with the condition, leading to a comprehensive evaluation. High-resolution vessel wall magnetic resonance imaging not only enables a comprehensive evaluation of the instability of carotid atherosclerosis stenosis plaques but also provides valuable information for understanding the pathogenesis and predicting the prognosis of ischemic stroke patients. The purpose of this article is to review the application of high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging in ischemic stroke and carotid atherosclerotic stenosis.

4.
Kaohsiung J Med Sci ; 40(4): 395-403, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38482966

RESUMO

The incidence of brain metastasis (BM) from colorectal cancer (CRC) is increasing. This study aims to identify the clinical prognosticators and evaluate the prognostic validity of common comorbidity indices in patients with BM from CRC. This retrospective single-center study analyzed 93 patients with BM from CRC who received surgical excision and/or radiotherapy. The clinical characteristics and prognostic indices including the 5-item modified frailty index (mFI-5) and prognostic nutritional index (PNI) were calculated from the collected patient data and analyzed. In this study, 66 (71.0%), 10 (10.8%), and 17 (18.3%) patients received whole-brain radiotherapy (WBRT) alone, surgery alone, and surgery plus WBRT, respectively. The median survival of all patients was 3.98 months (IQR: 1.74-7.99). The 2- and 3-year survival rates were 7.4% and 3.7%, respectively. Controlled primary tumor (p = 0.048), solitary BM (p = 0.001), surgery + radiation (p < 0.001), and greater PNI (p = 0.001) were independent predictors of favorable survival. In surgically treated patients, uncontrolled primary tumor (p = 0.006), presence of multiple BM (p < 0.001), and MFI-5 ≥ 2 (p = 0.038) were independent prognosticators. For patients who received WBRT, the presence of two (p = 0.004) or multiple (p < 0.001) BM and PNI (p < 0.001) were independent survival predictors MFI-5, multiple BM, and the status of the primary tumor were independent prognosticators for patients who underwent surgery for CRCBM. For patients who received WBRT, the PNI and the number of BM were independent survival predictors.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas , Neoplasias Colorretais , Fragilidade , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Encefálicas/radioterapia , Neoplasias Encefálicas/cirurgia , Neoplasias Encefálicas/patologia , Prognóstico , Neoplasias Colorretais/radioterapia , Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Comorbidade
5.
Cancer Med ; 13(7): e7152, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38549499

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to examine the clinical characteristics of bone metastasis (BoM) in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who have an epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation and to identify the most effective treatment strategy using EGFR-tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs). METHODS: The study included patients with stage IV EGFR-mutated NSCLC who were receiving first-line treatment with EGFR-TKIs between January 2014 and December 2020. These patients were divided into two groups based on the presence or absence of BoM at the time of initial diagnosis. The BoM group was further subdivided based on whether they received denosumab or not. RESULTS: The final analysis included 247 patients. Those with BoM at initial diagnosis had shorter progression-free survival (12.6 vs. 10.5 months, p = 0.002) and overall survival (OS) (49.7 vs. 30.9 months, p = 0.002) compared to those without BoM. There was a difference in the location of metastatic sites between the two groups, with a higher incidence of extrathoracic metastasis in the BoM group (p < 0.001). The incidence of T790M was higher in patients with BoM than in those without (47.4% vs. 33.9%, p = 0.042). Multivariate Cox regression analysis revealed that sequential osimertinib treatment and the addition of antiangiogenic therapy (AAT) and denosumab therapy improved OS in patients with BoM. CONCLUSIONS: The presence of BoM is a negative prognostic factor for NSCLC patients with an EGFR mutation, possibly due to the presence of extrathoracic metastases. However, adding AAT and denosumab, along with sequential osimertinib, to the treatment regimen for patients with BoM can improve survival outcomes.


Assuntos
Acrilamidas , Compostos de Anilina , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Indóis , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Pirimidinas , Humanos , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Receptores ErbB/genética , Denosumab/uso terapêutico , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/efeitos adversos , Mutação , Estudos Retrospectivos
6.
Oncol Nurs Forum ; 51(2): 163-174, 2024 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38442284

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To examine sleep quality and self-reported causes of sleep disturbance among patients with breast cancer at diagnosis and one year later. SAMPLE & SETTING: 486 of 606 patients with histologically confirmed breast cancer completed a Pittsburgh Quality Sleep Index (PSQI) survey at the time of diagnosis and again one year later. METHODS & VARIABLES: In this secondary data analysis, descriptive statistics were computed for seven PSQI components and its global score. Wilcoxon signed-rank tests and McNemar's tests were used. Self-reported reasons for sleep disturbances were summarized. RESULTS: PSQI scores significantly increased from baseline (mean = 6.75) to one-year follow-up (mean= 7.12), indicating worsened sleep. Sleep disturbance and onset latency scores increased, whereas sleep efficiency decreased. The two most frequently reported reasons for sleep disturbance were waking up late in the night or early in the morning (more than 50%) and needing to use the bathroom (49%). Feeling too hot and experiencing pain three or more times per week were reported by participants at baseline and one year later. IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING: Results can aid in monitoring patient response to treatment methods and formulating benchmarks to manage sleep problems.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília , Humanos , Feminino , Qualidade do Sono , Neoplasias da Mama/complicações , Sobreviventes , Emoções , Dor , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/etiologia
7.
Liver Cancer ; 13(1): 29-40, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38344446

RESUMO

Introduction: Outcomes of transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) for intermediate-stage hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) are diverse because of the heterogeneity of tumor burden. Radiologic pattern is one criterion for determining whether TACE is unsuitable. However, additional evidence is required. This study determined the influence of radiologic morphology on the outcomes of initial and subsequent TACE. Methods: From January 2007 to September 2021, 633 treatment-naive patients with HCC with intermediate-stage HCC undergoing TACE were retrospectively enrolled. Of these patients, 386 patients received repeated TACE. The radiological features of HCC were evaluated by two radiologists and classified into encapsulated nodular type, simple nodular type with extranodular growth, confluent multinodular type, and infiltrative type. The objective response rate (ORR) and survival rate after initial and subsequent TACE among various radiologic morphologies were compared. Results: After initial TACE, encapsulated nodular type HCC had the highest ORR (58%), followed by extranodular type (45.8%), confluent multinodular type (29%), and infiltrative type (19.5%). Notably, radiologic pattern was highly associated with tumor burden. Tumor burden and radiologic morphology were significantly associated with ORR and overall survival (OS) in the multivariate analysis. In 386 patients with subsequent TACE, encapsulated nodular type HCC had the highest ORR (48.7%), followed by extranodular type (37.3%), confluent multinodular type (26.2%), and infiltrative type (10%). In the multivariate analysis, radiologic features were significant independent predictors of ORR and OS after receiving subsequent TACE. Conclusion: Radiologic patterns determine the outcomes of initial and subsequent TACE. Systemic therapy should be considered for patients with intermediate-stage HCC with unfavorable radiologic patterns.

8.
Aging Clin Exp Res ; 36(1): 35, 2024 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38345775

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Body fat mass (FM) is associated with multiple organ damage. However, data regarding the relationship between various organ damage and FM are rare in the elderly. Therefore, we aim to perform an analysis on the relationship between organ damage and FM in a geriatric cohort. METHODS: 3331 participants were included in this analysis. Based on age, body height, body weight, waist circumference, and race, we calculated FM with the established formula. Organ damage, including arterial stiffening, lower extremity atherosclerosis, left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH), micro-albuminuria, and chronic kidney disease (CKD), were measured and calculated with standard methods. RESULTS: All organ damage parameters were significantly related to FM (all p < 0.001). In univariate logistics regression, the highest quartile of FM was tied to the increased risk of arterial stiffening, lower extremity atherosclerosis, LVH, micro-albuminuria, and CKD (all p < 0.05). After adjustment, participants with higher quantiles of FM had a significantly increased odd ratio (OR) for arterial stiffening [OR = 1.51, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.15-1.99, p = 0.002] and LVH (OR = 1.99, 95% CI: 1.48-2.67, p < 0.001). Moreover, FM was linearly associated with arterial stiffening and LVH in total population and gender subgroups. Independent of confounders, FM was significantly correlated with arterial stiffening, lower extremity atherosclerosis, LVH and CKD in female, while was only related to LVH in male. CONCLUSIONS: Among various organ damage, elevated FM is significantly and independently associated with arterial stiffening and LVH in the elderly. Compared with men, women with increased FM are more likely to have multiple organ damage.


Assuntos
Aterosclerose , Hipertensão , Insuficiência Renal Crônica , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Idoso , Fatores de Risco , Vida Independente , Albuminúria/epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia
9.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 1429, 2024 Feb 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38365899

RESUMO

Senescence of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) contributes to aging-related cardiovascular diseases by promoting arterial remodelling and stiffness. Ferroptosis is a novel type of regulated cell death associated with lipid oxidation. Here, we show that pro-ferroptosis signaling drives VSMCs senescence to accelerate vascular NAD+ loss, remodelling and aging. Pro-ferroptotic signaling is triggered in senescent VSMCs and arteries of aged mice. Furthermore, the activation of pro-ferroptotic signaling in VSMCs not only induces NAD+ loss and senescence but also promotes the release of a pro-senescent secretome. Pharmacological or genetic inhibition of pro-ferroptosis signaling, ameliorates VSMCs senescence, reduces vascular stiffness and retards the progression of abdominal aortic aneurysm in mice. Mechanistically, we revealed that inhibition of pro-ferroptotic signaling facilitates the nuclear-cytoplasmic shuttling of proliferator-activated receptor-γ and, thereby impeding nuclear receptor coactivator 4-ferrtin complex-centric ferritinophagy. Finally, the activated pro-ferroptotic signaling correlates with arterial stiffness in a human proof-of-concept study. These findings have significant implications for future therapeutic strategies aiming to eliminate vascular ferroptosis in senescence- or aging-associated cardiovascular diseases.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Músculo Liso Vascular , Humanos , Animais , Camundongos , Senescência Celular/genética , Doenças Cardiovasculares/metabolismo , NAD/metabolismo , Células Cultivadas , Envelhecimento/fisiologia , Artérias , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/metabolismo
10.
Hu Li Za Zhi ; 71(1): 36-46, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38253852

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Nurses are a high-risk group for musculoskeletal disorders. Few studies conducted in Taiwan have been published regarding the relationships among work characteristics, psychological well-being, and musculoskeletal discomfort in nursing personnel. PURPOSE: This study was designed to investigate musculoskeletal discomfort among hospital nursing staff, as well as its associated factors. METHODS: A secondary data analysis design was used to examine hospital staff health survey data for 2018 from two regional hospitals in southern Taiwan. Data from 328 full-time nurses who had passed their probationary period and been employed for more than 6 months were included in the analysis, which was conducted using a logistic regression model. RESULTS: The prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders was found to be highest in the shoulders (73.8%), lower back (72.9%), and neck (64.0%), respectively. Number of sleep hours, work stress, confidence in dealing with work stress, workload, supervisor support, workplace justice, and depression level differed significantly between the groups with and without full-body musculoskeletal disorders (p < .05). The results of the logistic regression model analysis showed individuals with severe depression have 4.27 times higher odds of experiencing musculoskeletal discomfort compared to those without depression (odds ratio 4.27, 95% confidence interval [1.27, 14.41]). Severe depression was found to be a significant predictor of musculoskeletal disorders. CONCLUSIONS / IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: Nurses are at high risk for musculoskeletal disorders. The results of this study indicate that level of risk is influenced significantly by psychological well-being, work environment, and workload. Efforts should be made to improve the relevant risk factors in the workplace to reduce the incidence of musculoskeletal disorders among nurses.


Assuntos
Doenças Musculoesqueléticas , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital , Estresse Ocupacional , Humanos , Hospitais , Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/epidemiologia , Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/etiologia , Fatores de Risco
11.
J Chin Med Assoc ; 87(4): 357-368, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38180018

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The introduction of direct-acting antiviral agents (DAAs) has revolutionized the therapeutic landscape of chronic hepatitis C (CHC), however real-world data on the risk factors of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) recurrence following DAA treatment in CHC-HCC patients are limited in Taiwan. We aimed to evaluate the therapeutic efficacy of DAAs in Taiwanese patients with prior hepatitis C virus (HCV)-induced HCC and identify the posttreatment risk factors for HCC recurrence. METHODS: Between January 2017 and August 2021, 208 CHC-HCC patients underwent DAA treatment at Taipei Veterans General Hospital. Among them, 94 patients met the inclusion criteria (Barcelona clinic liver cancer [BCLC] stage 0/A after treatment with complete radiological response) for analysis. Comprehensive demographic, clinical, and laboratory data were collected before and after DAA treatment. The primary outcome was HCC recurrence post-DAA treatment, and independent variables were assessed using multivariate Cox proportional hazards models. RESULTS: The mean age of the enrolled patients was 75.9 ± 8.9 years; 44.7% were male, and 94.7% were Child-Pugh class A. Before DAA treatment, 31.9% experienced HCC recurrence. The median follow-up after DAA treatment was 22.1 months (interquartile range, 8.6-35.9 months). After treatment, 95.7% of the patients achieved a sustained virological response (SVR 12 ), but HCC recurrence occurred in 54.3%. Cumulative HCC recurrence rates after treatment were 31.1% at 1 year, 57.3% at 3 years, and 68.5% at up to 5.69 years. Multivariate analysis revealed that prior HCC recurrence before DAA treatment (hazard ratio [HR] = 3.15, p = 0.001), no SVR 12 after treatment (HR = 6.829, p = 0.016), 12-week posttreatment alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) level >10 ng/mL (HR = 2.34, p = 0.036), and BCLC A3 lesions (two or three nodules without any tumor exceeding 3 cm) (HR = 2.31, p = 0.039) were independent risk factors for HCC recurrence. We further developed a risk stratification system based on these significant independent factors. CONCLUSION: This investigation underscores the critical influence of factors such as prior HCC recurrence, successful attainment of SVR 12 , posttreatment AFP level, and specific tumor characteristics in determining the risk of HCC recurrence after treatment with DAAs. Our proposed innovative risk stratification system may not only contribute to enhanced personalized care but also holds the potential to optimize treatment outcomes.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Hepatite C Crônica , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Humanos , Masculino , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Interferons/uso terapêutico , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Hepatite C Crônica/complicações , Hepatite C Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , alfa-Fetoproteínas , Estudos Retrospectivos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Fatores de Risco
12.
Global Spine J ; 14(2): 707-717, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37129361

RESUMO

STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. OBJECTIVES: Postoperative ileus (POI) can negatively impact patient recovery and surgical outcomes after spine surgery. Emerging studies have focused on the risk factors for POI after spine surgery. This study aimed to review the available literature on risk factors associated with POI following elective spine surgery. METHODS: Electronic databases were searched to identify relevant studies. Meta-analysis was performed using random-effect model. Risk factors for POI were summarized using pooled odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI). RESULTS: Twelve studies were included in the present review. Meta-analysis demonstrated males exhibited a higher risk of POI than females odds ratio (OR, 1.76; 95% CI, 1.54-2.01). Patients with anemia had a higher risk of POI than those without anemia (OR, 1.48; 95% CI, 1.04-2.11). Patients with liver disease (OR, 3.3; 95% CI, 1.2-9.08) had a higher risk of POI. The presence of perioperative fluid and electrolyte imbalances was a predictor of POI (OR, 3.24; 95% CI, 2.62-4.02). Spine surgery involving more than 3 levels had a higher risk of POI compared to that with 1-2 levels (OR, 1.82; 95% CI, 1.03-3.23). CONCLUSIONS: Male sex and the presence of anemia and liver disease were significant patient factors associated with POI. Perioperative fluid and electrolyte imbalance and multilevel spine surgery significantly increased the risk of POI. In addition, through this comprehensive review, we identified several perioperative risk factors associated with the development of POI after spine surgery.

13.
Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry ; 33(1): 179-191, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36752940

RESUMO

Late chronotype during adolescence is a critical risk factor for poor physical and mental health among adolescents. While social loneliness is confirmed to negatively influence sleep behaviors, the long-term effect of social loneliness on chronotype remains unknown. This study aims to investigate whether social loneliness trajectories from middle childhood to adolescence are associated with chronotype in late adolescence and examine the potential sex differences in these associations. Data were obtained from 2398 adolescents who participated in the Child and Adolescent Behaviors in Long-Term Evolution project. Chronotype was calculated as the midpoint of sleep on free days adjusted for sleep debt. Group-based trajectory modeling and multiple linear regression were employed to establish social loneliness trajectories and determine their associations with chronotype. Social loneliness trajectories were significantly associated with chronotype and varied by sex. Specifically, boys following a high-decreasing trajectory had earlier chronotype during late adolescence than did those following a low-decreasing trajectory (B = - 0.07; p < 0.05). By contrast, girls following a low-to-moderate-increasing trajectory exhibited later chronotype than did those following a low-stable trajectory (B = 0.07; p < 0.01). Social loneliness trajectories, especially those displaying significant fluctuations over time, are critical indicators influencing chronotype among adolescents. Furthermore, these trajectories and their associations with chronotype display sex differences. These findings highlight the need for early interventions for psychological factors such as social loneliness to ensure that the late chronotype can be prevented. In addition, sex variations must be considered.


Assuntos
Comportamento do Adolescente , Cronotipo , Humanos , Masculino , Criança , Adolescente , Feminino , Solidão/psicologia , Sono , Comportamento do Adolescente/psicologia , Fatores de Risco
14.
Sleep ; 47(1)2024 01 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37855456

RESUMO

STUDY OBJECTIVES: This study employed longitudinal data collected repeatedly from individuals over the course of several years to examine the trajectories of social jetlag from ages 11 to 22 years and their associations with subsequent body mass index (BMI). Potential sex differences were also investigated. METHODS: Data were obtained from two longitudinal studies conducted in Taiwan (N = 4287). Social jetlag was defined as ≥ 2 hours of absolute difference in sleep midpoint between weekdays and weekends. BMI was calculated using weight (kg)/height(m)2 and categorized as underweight (<18 kg/m2), normal weight (18 kg/m2 ≤ BMI < 24 kg/m2), overweight (24 kg/m2 ≤ BMI < 27 kg/m2), and obese (≥27 kg/m2). Group-based trajectory modeling and multinomial logistic regression were applied to investigate study objectives. RESULTS: Four distinct trajectories of social jetlag throughout the adolescent years were identified, with corresponding proportions as follows: low-stable (42%), moderate-decreasing (19%), low-increasing (22%), and chronic (17%) trajectories. Among males, the risk of being underweight (aOR, 1.96; 95% CI: 1.35 to 2.84) or obese (aOR, 1.40; 95% CI: 1.02 to 1.92) was higher in individuals with a low-increasing trajectory than in those with a low-stable trajectory. Among females, those with a low-increasing (aOR, 1.61; 95% CI: 1.02 to 2.54) or chronic (aOR, 2.04; 95% CI: 1.27 to 3.25) trajectory were at a higher risk of being obese relative to those with a low-stable trajectory. CONCLUSIONS: Addressing the development of increasing or chronic social jetlag during adolescence can help prevent abnormal BMI in young adulthood. Practitioners should consider sex differences in treatment or consultation.


Assuntos
Obesidade , Magreza , Adolescente , Humanos , Feminino , Masculino , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Índice de Massa Corporal , Fatores de Risco , Sobrepeso , Estudos Longitudinais , Síndrome do Jet Lag
15.
Appetite ; 194: 107199, 2024 03 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38160733

RESUMO

Although depression has been linked to the habit of consuming sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs), little is known about their long-term relationships and the mediating role of sleep problems. This study examines the associations between childhood depressive symptoms trajectories and adolescent SSB-habit trajectories and whether these associations were mediated by sleep problems. Data came from 1560 adolescents participating in a longitudinal study across grades 1 through 12 in northern Taiwan. Group-based trajectory modeling was used to identify development of childhood depressive symptoms and an SSB habit in adolescence. Multinomial logistic regression was conducted to examine the influence of childhood depressive symptoms and adolescent SSB habit. Mediation analysis was conducted to test whether sleep problems mediated the associations examined. Four distinct trajectories of childhood depressive symptoms were identified: low-stable (30.79%), moderate-stable (42.32%), increasing (12.29%), and high-stable (11.60%). Three distinct trajectories of SSB habit in adolescence were identified: low-stable (44.32%), increasing (15.02%), and high-stable (40.65%). Children who had moderate-stable (aOR = 1.35; CI: 1.04-1.77), high-stable (aOR = 2.01; CI: 1.28-3.15), or increasing (aOR = 1.97; CI: 1.26-3.06) trajectories of depressive symptoms relative to those in the low-stable group were significantly more likely to belong to the high-stable trajectory of SSBs than to the low-stable SSBs group. The Z-mediation test showed that sleep problems significantly mediated the associations between trajectories of childhood depressive symptoms and trajectories of SSBs during adolescence (all p < 0.05). Childhood depressive symptoms conferred risks for adolescent SSB habits; and the effects were seen, in part, through increasing sleep problems.


Assuntos
Transtornos do Sono-Vigília , Bebidas Adoçadas com Açúcar , Criança , Humanos , Adolescente , Depressão , Bebidas Adoçadas com Açúcar/efeitos adversos , Estudos Longitudinais , Hábitos , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/epidemiologia , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/etiologia , Bebidas
16.
Neurol Int ; 15(4): 1383-1392, 2023 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37987461

RESUMO

The clip-induced spinal cord injury (SCI) rat model is pivotal in preclinical SCI research. However, the literature exhibits variability in compression duration and limited attention to clip deformation-related loss of closure force. We aimed to investigate the impact of compression duration on SCI severity and the influence of clip deformation on closure force. Rats received T10-level clip-induced SCI with durations of 1, 5, 10, 20, and 30 s, and a separate group underwent T10 transection. Outcomes included functional, histological, electrophysiological assessments, and inflammatory cytokine analysis. A tactile pressure mapping system quantified clip closure force after open-close cycles. Our results showed a positive correlation between compression duration and the severity of functional, histological, and electrophysiological deficits. Remarkably, even a brief 1-s compression caused significant deficits comparable to moderate-to-severe SCI. SSEP waveforms were abolished with durations over 20 s. Decreased clip closure force appeared after five open-close cycles. This study offers critical insights into regulating SCI severity in rat models, aiding researchers. Understanding compression duration and clip fatigue is essential for experiment design and interpretation using the clip-induced SCI model.

17.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 102(42): e35640, 2023 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37861527

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The concept of a weekend effect is that patients admitted to hospitals on the weekend tend to have poorer outcomes compared to those admitted on a weekday. Whether there is a weekend effect among patients receiving spine surgery is not well described in the literature. We sought to perform a systematic review with meta-analysis to explore whether a weekend effect exists among patients experiencing spinal surgery. METHODS: The Cochrane Library, PubMed, Embase, and MEDLINE electronic databases were searched for relevant articles. Meta-analyses were performed using functions available in the metafor package within the R software. We obtained adjusted odds ratios (OR) from included studies and pooled OR through an inverse variance method. A random-effects model was applied for meta-analysis and effect sizes were presented with their corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CI). RESULTS: Our search strategy identified 316 references from electronic databases and eventually 6 studies were included in the analysis. The pooled result of 5 studies reporting overall complication rate indicated significant increased risk of complications among the weekend admission group (OR, 1.35; 95% CI, 1.01 to 1.80). The pooled results of 3 studies demonstrated no difference in overall mortality rates between these 2 groups of patients (OR, 1.18; 95% CI, 0.67 to 1.97). CONCLUSIONS: In spinal surgical patients, the weekend effect significantly contributes to a higher complication rate. Knowledge of potential adverse events in patients admitted on weekends is necessary for spinal surgeons and caregivers to improve patient outcomes with spinal surgery.


Assuntos
Hospitalização , Procedimentos Neurocirúrgicos , Humanos , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Hospitais , Período Pós-Operatório
18.
Mol Pain ; 19: 17448069231210423, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37845039

RESUMO

Traumatic neuropathic pain (TNP) is caused by traumatic damage to the somatosensory system and induces the presentation of allodynia and hyperalgesia. Mitochondrial dysfunction, neuroinflammation, and apoptosis are hallmarks in the pathogenesis of TNP. Recently, mitochondria-based therapy has emerged as a potential therapeutic intervention for diseases related to mitochondrial dysfunction. However, the therapeutic effectiveness of mitochondrial transplantation (MT) on TNP has rarely been investigated. Here, we validated the efficacy of MT in treating TNP. Both in vivo and in vitro TNP models by conducting an L5 spinal nerve ligation in rats and exposing the primary dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons to capsaicin, respectively, were applied in this study. The MT was operated by administrating 100 µg of soleus-derived allogeneic mitochondria into the ipsilateral L5 DRG in vivo and the culture medium in vitro. Results showed that the viable transplanted mitochondria migrated into the rats' spinal cord and sciatic nerve. MT alleviated the nerve ligation-induced mechanical and thermal pain hypersensitivity. The nerve ligation-induced glial activation and the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines and apoptotic markers in the spinal cord were also repressed by MT. Consistently, exogenous mitochondria reversed the capsaicin-induced reduction of mitochondrial membrane potential and expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines and apoptotic markers in the primary DRG neurons in vitro. Our findings suggest that MT mitigates the spinal nerve ligation-induced apoptosis and neuroinflammation, potentially playing a role in providing neuroprotection against TNP.


Assuntos
Capsaicina , Neuralgia , Ratos , Animais , Capsaicina/farmacologia , Capsaicina/uso terapêutico , Doenças Neuroinflamatórias , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Neuralgia/metabolismo , Nervos Espinhais/metabolismo , Hiperalgesia/metabolismo , Gânglios Espinais/metabolismo , Ligadura/efeitos adversos , Citocinas/metabolismo , Apoptose
19.
Open Life Sci ; 18(1): 20220703, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37711216

RESUMO

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic autoimmune disorder. Its pathogenesis is complicated but highly related to aberrant Th17 overactivation. Uncontrolled Th17 cell expansion and activation in populations and associated activities contribute to the progression of RA. Although clinical RA remedies are available, not all RA patients respond to these treatments, and adverse effects are always a concerning issue during treatment. To expand the repertoire of possible anti-RA remedies, we chose the phytochemical compound erianin, isolated from Dendrobium sp., and evaluated its antiarthritic effect in vitro and in vivo. We found that erianin efficiently controlled the differentiation and activation of Th17 cell development from primary CD4 T cells, limiting IL-17A cytokine production and RORγT transcript generation. In line with molecular docking models, the essential signaling pathway for Th17 polarization, the JAK/STAT3 pathway, was inhibited upon erianin treatment, with dose-dependent inhibition of phosphorylation shown by western blotting. More importantly, erianin treatment reduced arthritic manifestations and proinflammatory cytokine levels in collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) mice, as well as protecting the joint histological microstructure. Overall, erianin revealed a promising inhibitory effect on Th17 overactivation and decreased disability in CIA mice. Therefore, erianin could be further developed as a candidate RA remedy.

20.
Mar Drugs ; 21(9)2023 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37755106

RESUMO

The chemical investigation of a red alga Portieria hornemannii enabled the identification of three new halogenated monoterpenes (1-3) along with two previously identified metabolites (4 and 5). Their structures were determined by spectroscopic analysis and also by utilizing single-crystal diffraction analysis and quantum chemical calculation, as well as by comparison with literature data. Further corrections for dichloro and dibromo carbons using the sorted training set (STS) method were established in this study to significantly improve the accuracy in GIAO 13C NMR calculation of compounds 1-3. To discover the potential bioactive metabolites from P. hornemannii, the anti-inflammatory activities of all compounds were examined. Compounds 1 and 3-5 showed significant anti-inflammatory activity to inhibit the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines in the LPS-stimulated mature dendritic cells.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios , Rodófitas , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Carbono , Movimento Celular , Monoterpenos/farmacologia
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