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1.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 706: 149767, 2024 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38484570

RESUMO

Microglial activation is a critical factor in the pathogenesis and progression of neuroinflammatory diseases. Mild hypothermia, known for its neuroprotective properties, has been shown to alleviate microglial activation. In this study, we explore the differentially expressed (DE) mRNAs and long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) in BV-2 microglial cells under different conditions: normal temperature (CN), mild hypothermia (YT), normal temperature with lipopolysaccharide (LPS), and mild hypothermia with LPS (LPS + YT). Venn analysis revealed 119 DE mRNAs that were down-regulated in the LPS + YT vs LPS comparison but up-regulated in the CN vs LPS comparison, primarily enriched in Gene Ontology terms related to immune and inflammatory responses. Furthermore, through Venn analysis of YT vs CN and LPS + YT vs LPS comparisons, we identified 178 DE mRNAs and 432 DE lncRNAs. Among these transcripts, we validated the expression of Tent5c at the protein and mRNA levels. Additionally, siRNA-knockdown of Tent5c attenuated the expression of pro-inflammatory genes (TNF-α, IL-1ß, Agrn, and Fpr2), cellular morphological changes, NLRP3 and p-P65 protein levels, immunofluorescence staining of p-P65 and number of cells with ASC-speck induced by LPS. Furthermore, Tent5c overexpression further potentiated the aforementioned indicators in the context of mild hypothermia with LPS treatment. Collectively, our findings highlight the significant role of Tent5c down-regulation in mediating the anti-inflammatory effects of mild hypothermia.


Assuntos
Hipotermia , RNA Longo não Codificante , Humanos , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Regulação para Baixo , Microglia/metabolismo , Hipotermia/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo
2.
EClinicalMedicine ; 69: 102486, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38370536

RESUMO

Background: Limited data exists on how early-life weight changes relate to metabolic syndrome (MetS) risk in midlife. This study examines the association between long-term trajectories of body mass index (BMI), its variability, and MetS risk in Chinese individuals. Methods: In the Hanzhong Adolescent Hypertension study (March 10, 1987-June 3, 2017), 1824 participants with at least five BMI measurements from 1987 to 2017 were included. Using group-based trajectory modeling, different BMI trajectories were identified. BMI variability was assessed through standard deviation (SD), variability independent of the mean (VIM), and average real variability (ARV). Logistic regression analyzed the relationship between BMI trajectory, BMI variability, and MetS occurrence in midlife (URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov; Unique identifier: NCT02734472). Findings: BMI trajectories were categorized as low-increasing (34.4%), moderate-increasing (51.8%), and high-increasing (13.8%). Compared to the low-increasing group, the odds ratios (ORs) [95% CIs] for MetS were significantly higher in moderate (4.27 [2.63-6.91]) and high-increasing groups (13.11 [6.30-27.31]) in fully adjusted models. Additionally, higher BMI variabilities were associated with increased MetS odds (ORs for SDBMI, VIMBMI, and ARVBMI: 2.30 [2.02-2.62], 1.22 [1.19-1.26], and 4.29 [3.38-5.45]). Furthermore, BMI trajectories from childhood to adolescence were predictive of midlife MetS, with ORs in moderate (1.49 [1.00-2.23]) and high-increasing groups (2.45 [1.22-4.91]). Lastly, elevated BMI variability in this period was also linked to higher MetS odds (ORs for SDBMI, VIMBMI, and ARVBMI: 1.24 [1.08-1.42], 1.00 [1.00-1.01], and 1.21 [1.05-1.38]). Interpretation: Our study suggests that both early-life BMI trajectories and BMI variability could be predictive of incident MetS in midlife. Funding: This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China No. 82070437 (J.-J.M.), the Clinical Research Award of the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University of China (No. XJTU1AF-CRF-2022-002, XJTU1AF2021CRF-021, and XJTU1AF-CRF-2023-004), the Key R&D Projects in Shaanxi Province (Grant No. 2023-ZDLSF-50), the Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College (2017-CXGC03-2), and the International Joint Research Centre for Cardiovascular Precision Medicine of Shaanxi Province (2020GHJD-14).

3.
J Neural Eng ; 21(1)2024 01 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38232381

RESUMO

Objective. The non-stationarity of electroencephalogram (EEG) signals and the variability among different subjects present significant challenges in current Brain-Computer Interfaces (BCI) research, which requires a time-consuming specific calibration procedure to address. Transfer Learning (TL) offers a potential solution by leveraging data or models from one or more source domains to facilitate learning in the target domain, so as to address these challenges.Approach. In this paper, a novel Multi-source domain Transfer Learning Fusion (MTLF) framework is proposed to address the calibration problem. Firstly, the method transforms the source domain data with the resting state segment data, in order to decrease the differences between the source domain and the target domain. Subsequently, feature extraction is performed using common spatial pattern. Finally, an improved TL classifier is employed to classify the target samples. Notably, this method does not require the label information of target domain samples, while concurrently reducing the calibration workload.Main results. The proposed MTLF is assessed on Datasets 2a and 2b from the BCI Competition IV. Compared with other algorithms, our method performed relatively the best and achieved mean classification accuracy of 73.69% and 70.83% on Datasets 2a and 2b respectively.Significance.Experimental results demonstrate that the MTLF framework effectively reduces the discrepancy between the source and target domains and acquires better classification performance on two motor imagery datasets.


Assuntos
Interfaces Cérebro-Computador , Humanos , Imagens, Psicoterapia , Eletroencefalografia/métodos , Algoritmos , Aprendizado de Máquina , Imaginação
4.
J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich) ; 26(1): 36-46, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38010846

RESUMO

Recent studies have reported the role of the M3 muscarinic acetylcholine receptor (M3R), a member of the G-protein coupled receptor superfamily, encoded by the CHRM3 gene, in cardiac function and the regulation of blood pressure (BP). The aim of this study was to investigate the associations of CHRM3 genetic variants with salt sensitivity, longitudinal BP changes, and the development of hypertension in a Chinese population. We conducted a chronic dietary salt intervention experiment in a previously established Chinese cohort to analyze salt sensitivity of BP. Additionally, a 14-year follow-up was conducted on all participants in the cohort to evaluate the associations of CHRM3 polymorphisms with longitudinal BP changes, as well as the incidence of hypertension. The single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs10802811 within the CHRM3 gene displayed significant associations with low salt-induced changes in systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), and mean arterial pressure (MAP), while rs373288072, rs114677844, and rs663148 exhibited significant associations with SBP and MAP responses to a high-salt diet. Furthermore, the SNP rs58359377 was associated with changes in SBP and pulse pressure (PP) over the course of 14 years. Additionally, the 14-year follow-up revealed a significant association between the rs619288 polymorphism and an increased risk of hypertension (OR = 1.74, 95% CI: 1.06-2.87, p = .029). This study provides evidence that CHRM3 may have a role in salt sensitivity, BP progression, and the development of hypertension.


Assuntos
Hipertensão , Adulto , Humanos , Pressão Sanguínea/genética , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Hipertensão/genética , Cloreto de Sódio na Dieta/efeitos adversos , Incidência , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , China/epidemiologia , Receptor Muscarínico M3/genética
5.
J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich) ; 25(12): 1096-1104, 2023 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37966821

RESUMO

Normoalbuminuria has recently been associated with increased cardiovascular risk, and vascular aging is proposed as the early manifestation of cardiovascular disease. Here, the authors aimed to examine the association of high-normal albuminuria and vascular aging in a Chinese cohort. From our previously established cohort, 1942 participants with estimated glomerular filtration rate ≥60 mL/min/1.73 m2 or urinary albumin-creatinine ratio (UACR) <30 mg/g were enrolled. Brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) ≥1400 cm/s and/or carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) ≥0.9 mm were used as indicators of vascular aging. Multivariate regression and receiving operating characteristic curve analysis were performed to examine the relationship between continuous and categorical UACR with vascular aging. We found an average UACR value of 8.08 (5.45-12.52) mg/g in this study. BaPWV and CIMT demonstrated positive correlations with lg-UACR (p < .05). High-normal albuminuria (10-29 mg/g) was significantly associated with the presence of vascular aging after adjusting for multiple cardiovascular confounders (OR = 1.540, 95% CI = 1.203-1.972, p = .001). In addition, a lg-UACR cutoff point of 0.918 lg(mg/g) (equal to UACR of 8.285 mg/g) was significantly associated with the presence of vascular aging and its components for all participants and those without hypertension or diabetes and without medication (p < .05). Briefly, high-normal albuminuria was significantly associated with vascular aging in this sample of Chinese adults. These findings implied the warning of elevated UACR even within normal range in clinical practice and the importance of UACR screening in normoalbuminuria for early detection and prevention of cardiovascular disease in otherwise healthy participants.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Hipertensão , Adulto , Humanos , Adolescente , Espessura Intima-Media Carotídea , Doenças Cardiovasculares/complicações , Fatores de Risco , Índice Tornozelo-Braço , Albuminúria/diagnóstico , Albuminúria/epidemiologia , Albuminúria/complicações , Creatinina , Análise de Onda de Pulso , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Envelhecimento
6.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 14: 1164592, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37795361

RESUMO

Background and aims: Obesity is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease development. Here, we aimed to examine and compare the predictive values of three novel obesity indices, lipid accumulation product (LAP), visceral adiposity index (VAI), and triglyceride-glucose (TyG) index, for cardiovascular subclinical organ damage. Methods: A total of 1,773 healthy individuals from the Hanzhong Adolescent Hypertension Study cohort were enrolled. Anthropometric, biochemical, urinary albumin-to-creatinine ratio (uACR), brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV), and Cornell voltage-duration product data were collected. Furthermore, the potential risk factors for subclinical organ damage were investigated, with particular emphasis on examining the predictive value of the LAP, VAI, and TyG index for detecting subclinical organ damage. Results: LAP, VAI, and TyG index exhibited a significant positive association with baPWV and uACR. However, only LAP and VAI were found to have a positive correlation with Cornell product. While the three indices did not show an association with electrocardiographic left ventricular hypertrophy, higher values of LAP and TyG index were significantly associated with an increased risk of arterial stiffness and albuminuria. Furthermore, after dividing the population into quartiles, the fourth quartiles of LAP and TyG index showed a significant association with arterial stiffness and albuminuria when compared with the first quartiles, in both unadjusted and fully adjusted models. Additionally, the concordance index (C-index) values for LAP, VAI, and TyG index were reasonably high for arterial stiffness (0.856, 0.856, and 0.857, respectively) and albuminuria (0.739, 0.737, and 0.746, respectively). Lastly, the analyses of continuous net reclassification improvement (NRI) and integrated discrimination improvement (IDI) demonstrated that the TyG index exhibited significantly higher predictive values for arterial stiffness and albuminuria compared with LAP and VAI. Conclusion: LAP, VAI, and, especially, TyG index demonstrated utility in screening cardiovascular subclinical organ damage among Chinese adults in this community-based sample. These indices have the potential to function as markers for early detection of cardiovascular disease in otherwise healthy individuals.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Produto da Acumulação Lipídica , Adulto , Humanos , Adiposidade , Albuminúria/diagnóstico , Índice Tornozelo-Braço , Glicemia/análise , Doenças Cardiovasculares/diagnóstico , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/etiologia , População do Leste Asiático , Glucose , Obesidade , Análise de Onda de Pulso , Triglicerídeos
7.
Fam Pract ; 2023 Sep 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37756627

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) and histamine-2 receptor (H2) antagonists change the gastric pH and reduce the intestinal absorption of nonheme iron. Case reports and case-control studies have demonstrated that absorption of iron is affected by gastric acidity, but the clinical importance of these drug-drug interactions has remained uncertain. OBJECTIVES: The present case-control study employed 2 million longitudinal claims in 2011-2018 in the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database to investigate the impact of PPIs/H2 antagonists on the occurrence of iron-deficiency anaemia (IDA). METHODS: The present study retrospectively compared exposure to PPIs/H2 antagonists for 1 year among 5,326 cases with IDA and 21,304 matched controls. The postdiagnosis prescribing pattern was also calculated to understand current practice. RESULTS: Long-term (≥2 month) use of PPIs/H2 antagonists resulted in a higher risk of developing IDA than noncontinuous use/nonuse of those drugs (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] = 2.36, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.94-2.86, P < 0.001). There were significant changes in the postdiagnosis prescribing patterns of PPIs/H2 antagonists. The risk of developing IDA remained significant in the female subgroup (aOR = 2.16, 95% CI = 1.73-2.70, P < 0.001) and was even more prominent in those aged ≥ 50 years (aOR = 2.68, 95% CI = 1.94-3.70, P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: This study found that long-term use of PPIs/H2 antagonists increased the risk of developing IDA, and there was strong evidence of prescription pattern adjustments postdiagnosis. Physicians and pharmacists should be aware of this risk when patients are expected to take or have been taking PPIs/H2 antagonists for the long term.


Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) and histamine-2 receptor (H2) antagonists, 2 kinds of gastric suppressants commonly used for gastroesophageal reflux disease, decrease iron absorption in the gut and thus increase the risk of developing iron-deficiency anaemia (IDA). We constructed a retrospective matched case-control study within the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database. The longer period of PPIs/H2 antagonists used, the higher risk of IDA was, with the highest risk in female elderly groups (adjusted odds ratio = 2.68 in females aged ≥ 50). PPI users had a higher risk than H2 antagonist users during the 1-year follow-up. The prescription patterns postdiagnosis of IDA witnessed considerable drops for both groups, with less than a 10th of original users remaining the usages (1.72% and 9.85% taking PPIs and H2 antagonists within 90 days after receiving a diagnosis, respectively). Physicians and pharmacists should be aware of the risk of developing IDA in patients currently undergoing or expected to take long-term gastric acid suppressants.

8.
Hypertens Res ; 46(12): 2613-2621, 2023 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37553520

RESUMO

Hypertension is a pivotal factor in cardiovascular risk. However, the association of longitudinal blood pressure (BP) trajectories in the early life and cardiovascular risk assessed by target organ damage (TOD) in adulthood is poorly reported. The objective of this study was to identify the association between systolic BP, diastolic BP, and mean atrial pressure (MAP) trajectories early in life with a single or multiple TOD in later life. We identified BP trajectories from 6 to 45 year-old using group-based trajectory models among 2430 individuals in the Hanzhong Adolescent Hypertension Study and examined the relationship between BP trajectories and cardiovascular risk in later life. Four discrete long-term systolic BP, diastolic BP, and MAP trajectories were identified, namely, low stable, moderate stable, high stable (low increasing), and moderate increasing groups, based on the BP levels at baseline and in the 30-year follow-up. The carotid intima-media thickness were higher in persistently high or increasing trajectories in comparison to the low stable group. Individuals with deteriorative trajectories during early life were at an increased risk of suffering from a single TOD, including left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) and carotid atherosclerosis (CA) in middle age (36-49 years old). Moreover, higher BP trajectories were correlated with the presence of combined TODs load stage which were assessed by CA, LVH, arteriosclerosis and subclinical renal damage (SRD). Higher longitudinal BP trajectories early in life were associated with increased cardiovascular risk in midlife, and identifying BP trajectories in early life can help screen individuals with TOD later. LVH, left Ventricular Hypertrophy; CA, carotid atherosclerosis; SRD, subclinical renal damage; TOD, target organ damage.


Assuntos
Doenças das Artérias Carótidas , Hipertensão , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adolescente , Humanos , Adulto , Criança , Adulto Jovem , Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Espessura Intima-Media Carotídea , Hipertrofia Ventricular Esquerda , Fatores de Risco , Doenças das Artérias Carótidas/complicações
9.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 23(1): 337, 2023 07 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37393236

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lipid management with a low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) goal of < 1.4 mmol/L is recommended for patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and diabetes mellitus (DM) due to a high risk for adverse cardiovascular events. This study evaluated the lipid-lowering treatment (LLT) pattern and the LDL-C goal attainment rate in this special population. METHODS: DM patients were screened from the observational Dyslipidemia International Study II-China study which assessed LDL-C goal attainment in Chinese ACS patients. The baseline characteristics between the LLT and no pre-LLT groups were compared. The proportions of patients obtaining LDL-C goal at admission and at 6-months, the difference from the goal, and the pattern of the LLT regimen were analyzed. RESULTS: Totally 252 eligible patients were included, with 28.6% taking LLT at admission. Patients in the LLT group were older, had a lower percentage of myocardial infarction, and had decreased levels of LDL-C and total cholesterol compared to those in the no pre-LLT group at baseline. The overall LDL-C goal attainment rate was 7.5% at admission and increased to 30.2% at 6 months. The mean difference between the actual LDL-C value and LDL-C goal value dropped from 1.27 mmol/L at baseline to 0.80 mmol/L at 6 months. At 6 months, 91.4% of the patients received statin monotherapy, and only 6.9% received a combination of statin and ezetimibe. The atorvastatin-equivalent daily statin dosage was moderate during the study period. CONCLUSION: The low rate of lipid goal attainment observed was in line with the outcomes of other DYSIS-China studies.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda , Diabetes Mellitus , Dislipidemias , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases , Humanos , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/diagnóstico , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , China/epidemiologia , LDL-Colesterol , Diabetes Mellitus/diagnóstico , Diabetes Mellitus/tratamento farmacológico , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Dislipidemias/diagnóstico , Dislipidemias/tratamento farmacológico , Dislipidemias/epidemiologia , Objetivos , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases/uso terapêutico
10.
Front Nutr ; 10: 1198524, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37521410

RESUMO

Background: Metabolic syndrome is characterized by a cluster-like occurrence of conditions such as hypertension, hyperglycaemia, elevated low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol or triglycerides (TG) and high visceral fat. Metabolic syndrome is linked to the build-up of plaque within the artery, which leads to disorders of the circulatory, nervous and immune systems. A variety of treatments target the regulation of these conditions; nevertheless, they remain dominant risk factors for the development of type 2 diabetes (T2DM) and cardiovascular disease (CVD), which affect 26.9% of the US population. Management and intervention strategies for improving cholesterol and/or TG are worthwhile, and recent studies on hydrogen treatment are promising, particularly as molecular hydrogen is easily ingested. This study aimed to investigate the lipid-lowering effects and quality of life (QOL) improvement of hydrogen-rich coral calcium (HRCC) in patients with metabolic syndrome. Methods: The patients, all Taiwanese, were randomly assigned to 3 different doses (low, medium, and high) of HRCC capsules. The primary outcome was the adverse effects/symptoms during this 4-week use of HRCC capsules. The secondary outcome was lipid profile changes. Complete blood count, inflammatory biomarkers, and QOL were also measured before and after the course of HRCC. Results: Sixteen patients with metabolic syndrome completed this study (7 males, 9 females; mean age: 62 years; range: 32-80). No obvious adverse effects were recorded. Only changes in blood TG reached significance. The baseline TG value was 193.19 µL (SD = 107.44), which decreased to 151.75 µL (SD = 45.27) after 4 weeks of HRCC (p = 0.04). QOL showed no significant changes. Conclusion: This study is the first human clinical trial evaluating HRCC capsules in patients with metabolic syndrome. Based on the safety and potential TG-lowering effects of short-term HRCC, further long-term investigations of HRCC are warranted. Clinical trial registration: [ClinicalTrials.gov], identifier [NCT05196295].

11.
Yi Chuan ; 45(7): 602-616, 2023 Jul 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37503584

RESUMO

In the conservation of livestock and poultry resources, population genetic diversity and genetic structure of the conservation population are important factors affecting the effectiveness of conservation. In this study, whole-genome resequencing technology was used to detect genomic variation in 100 Qinchuan cattle (30 bulls and 70 cows). By analyzing population genetic diversity, runs of homozygosity (ROH) distribution features, kinship relationships, and family structure, the conservation effectiveness of Qinchuan cattle was comprehensively evaluated. The results showed that a total of 20,968,017 high-quality SNPs were detected in 100 Qinchuan cattle, the average minimum allele frequency was 0.191±0.124, the average polymorphic information content was 0.279±0.131, and the average observed heterozygosity was 0.275±0.131, the average expected heterozygosity is 0.279±0.131, indicating that the genetic diversity of the Qinchuan cattle conservation population is relatively rich. The average identity by state (IBS) distance of the Qinchuan conservation population was 0.243±0.020, with a value of 0.242±0.021 for the bulls. The results of the kinship G-matrix were consistent with the results of the IBS distance matrix, both showing that some individuals in the conservation population had close kinship. A total of 8258 genomic ROH were detected in 100 Qinchuan cattle, with a total length of 9.64 GB. The average length of ROH fragments was 1.167±1.203 Mb, 69.35% of the ROH were short ROH with a length of 0.5~1 Mb, and the average total length of ROH per individual was 96.40 Mb. The average inbreeding coefficient based on ROH was 0.039±0.039, with a value of 0.044±0.035 for the bulls, indicating that some bulls had a certain degree of inbreeding accumulation. The results of the phylogenetic tree combined with kinship analysis showed that the individuals in the Qinchuan cattle conservation population could be divided into eight families, including seven families with bulls and one family without bulls. This study demonstrated that the genetic diversity of the Qinchuan conservation population is relatively rich, with no significant inbreeding accumulation, but there is a risk of inbreeding among some individuals. Therefore, it is necessary to strengthen selection and mating to ensure the sustainable development of Qinchuan cattle resources.


Assuntos
Bovinos , Endogamia , Animais , Bovinos/genética , Feminino , Masculino , Genoma/genética , Genótipo , Homozigoto , Filogenia , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único
12.
Hypertens Res ; 46(7): 1795-1803, 2023 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37160967

RESUMO

Sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors lowers blood pressure (BP) and exert a salutary effect on the salt sensitivity of BP. This study aimed to examine the associations of SGLT2 genetic variants with salt sensitivity, longitudinal BP changes and the risk of incident hypertension in Baoji Salt-Sensitive Study. A total of 514 participants were recruited when the cohort was established in 2004, and 333 participants received a dietary intervention that consisted of a 3-day usual diet followed sequentially by a 7-day low-salt diet and a 7-day high-salt diet. The cohort was then followed up for 14 years to evaluate the longitudinal BP changes and development of hypertension. We found that SGLT2 SNP rs3813007 was significantly associated with the systolic BP (SBP) responses to the low-salt diet. Over the 14 years of follow-up, SNPs rs3116149 and rs3813008 were significantly associated with the longitudinal SBP changes, and SNPs rs3116149, rs3813008, rs3813007 in SGLT2 were significantly associated with incidence of hypertension. Furthermore, gene-based analyses revealed that SGLT2 was significantly associated with hypertension incidence. Our study suggests that SGLT2 genetic polymorphisms may be involved in salt sensitivity and development of hypertension.


Assuntos
Pressão Sanguínea , População do Leste Asiático , Hipertensão , Cloreto de Sódio na Dieta , Adulto , Humanos , Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Hipertensão/etiologia , Hipertensão/genética , Incidência , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Cloreto de Sódio na Dieta/efeitos adversos , Transportador 2 de Glucose-Sódio/genética
13.
BMC Public Health ; 23(1): 666, 2023 04 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37041564

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Albuminuria is recognized as being a predictor of cardiovascular and renal disease. We aimed to identify the impact of the long-term burden and trends of systolic blood pressure on albuminuria in midlife, as well as to explore sex differences concerning this relationship. METHODS: This longitudinal study consisted of 1,683 adults who had been examined 4 or more times for blood pressure starting in childhood, with a follow-up time period of 30 years. The cumulative effect and longitudinal trend of blood pressure were identified by using the area under the curve (AUC) of individual systolic blood pressure measurement with a growth curve random effects model. RESULTS: Over 30 years of follow-up, 190 people developed albuminuria, including 53.2% males and 46.8% females (aged 43.39 ± 3.13 years in the latest follow-up). The urine albumin-to-creatinine ratio (uACR) values increased as the total and incremental AUC values increased. Additionally, women had a higher albuminuria incidence in the higher SBP AUC groups than men do (13.3% for men vs. 33.7% for women). Logistic regression showed that the ORs of albuminuria for males and females in the high total AUC group were 1.34 (0.70-2.60) and 2.94 (1.50-5.74), respectively. Similar associations were found in the incremental AUC groups. CONCLUSIONS: Higher cumulative SBP was correlated with higher uACR levels and a risk of albuminuria in middle age, especially in women. The identification and control of cumulative SBP levels from an early age may assist in reducing the incidences of renal and cardiovascular disease for individuals in later life.


Assuntos
Albuminúria , Caracteres Sexuais , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia , Estudos Longitudinais , Fatores de Risco , Estudos Prospectivos , Albuminúria/epidemiologia , Creatinina
14.
BMC Endocr Disord ; 23(1): 78, 2023 Apr 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37029402

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The new visceral adiposity index (NVAI) was superior to previous obesity indices in predicting cardiovascular diseases among Asians. Nevertheless, the utility of the NVAI for predicting chronic kidney disease is still unclear. The objective of this research was to explore the relationship between the NVAI and subclinical renal damage (SRD) and to investigate whether the NVAI outperforms other common obesity indices in predicting SRD in the Chinese population. METHODS: Participants in this cross-sectional study were from the Hanzhong Adolescent Hypertension Cohort. The NVAI and seven other common obesity indices were calculated, including body mass index, waist circumference, lipid accumulation product, visceral adiposity index, Chinese visceral adiposity index, a body shape index and metabolic score for visceral fat. Logistic regression models revealed the association between NVAI and SRD. The odds ratio (OR) and the 95% confidence interval (CI) were calculated to show the association between the two variables. The predictive power of eight obesity indices for SRD was evaluated through the receiver operating characteristic curve and area under the curve (AUC). In addition, the net reclassification index (NRI) and integrated discrimination improvement (IDI) were also applied to compare the incremental predictive value for SRD of different obesity indices. RESULTS: The median age of the 2358 subjects was 42.00 years. Across NVAI tertiles, the prevalence of SRD was 7.25%, 11.21%, and 21.60%, respectively. After adjusting for confounders, a high level of NVAI remained a risk factor for SRD. The ORs of the middle and top NVAI tertiles for SRD were 1.920 (95% CI: 1.322, 2.787) and 4.129 (95% CI: 2.750, 6.202), respectively. The AUC of the NVAI was 0.666 (95% CI: 0.647, 0.685), which was significantly larger than the AUC of any of the other obesity indicators. Moreover, the NRI and IDI were significantly improved when NVAI was added to the basic model for predicting SRD. Among eight obesity indices, NVAI had the highest NRI (0.392; 95% CI: 0.280, 0.503), and its IDI (0.021; 95% CI: 0.014, 0.027) was second only to that of the body mass index (0.023; 95% CI: 0.014, 0.032). CONCLUSIONS: NVAI is independently and positively associated with SRD. Among the eight obesity indices, the NVAI shows the strongest predictive power for SRD in the Chinese population. The NVAI may be useful as an effective warning indicator of chronic kidney disease in Chinese adults.


Assuntos
Adiposidade , Obesidade Abdominal , Insuficiência Renal Crônica , Adulto , Humanos , Índice de Massa Corporal , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , População do Leste Asiático , Obesidade/complicações , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Obesidade Abdominal/complicações , Obesidade Abdominal/diagnóstico , Obesidade Abdominal/epidemiologia , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/diagnóstico , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/epidemiologia , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/etiologia , Fatores de Risco
15.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 10: 1080673, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36873408

RESUMO

Background: In patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS), prolonged dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) may reduce ischemic events and increase the risks of bleeding events differently in different ethnic groups. However, whether prolonged DAPT in Chinese patients with ACS following emergency percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with drug-eluting stents (DES) will be beneficial or dangerous remains unclear. This study aimed to examine the potential benefits and risks of prolonged DAPT in Chinese patients with ACS who have undergone emergency PCI with DES. Methods: This study included 2,249 patients with ACS who underwent emergency PCI. If DAPT was continued for 12 or 12-24 months, it was classified as the standard (n = 1,011) or prolonged (n = 1,238) DAPT group, respectively. The incidence of the following endpoint events was determined and compared between the two groups: composite bleeding event (BARC 1 or 2 types of bleeding and BARC 3 or 5 types of bleeding) and major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCEs) [ischemia-driven revascularization, non-fatal ischemia stroke, non-fatal myocardial infarction (MI), cardiac death, and all-cause death]. Results: After a median period of 47 months of follow-up [47 (40, 54)], the rate of composite bleeding events was 13.2% (n = 163) in the prolonged DAPT group and 7.9% (n = 80) in the standard DAPT group [odds ratio (OR) 1.765, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.332-2.338, p < 0.001]. The rate of MACCEs was 11.1% (n = 138) in the prolonged DAPT group and 13.2% (n = 133) in the standard DAPT group (OR 0.828, 95% CI 0.642-1.068, p = 0.146). The DAPT duration was further shown to be insignificantly correlated with MACCEs as per the multivariable Cox regression model (HR, 0.813; 95% CI, 0.638-1.036; p = 0.094). No statistically significant difference was observed between the two groups. However, the DAPT duration was a separate predictor of composite bleeding events according to the multivariable Cox regression model (HR 1.704, 95% CI 1.302-2.232, p < 0.001). Compared with the standard DAPT group, the prolonged DAPT group had substantially more BARC 3 or 5 types of bleeding events (3.0 vs. 0.9% in those with standard DAPT, OR 3.430, 95% CI 1.648-7.141, p < 0.001) and BARC 1 or 2 types of bleeding events (10.2 vs. 7.0% in those with standard DAPT, OR 1.500, 95% CI 1.107-2.032, p = 0.008). Conclusion: The prolonged DAPT group had a considerably greater incidence of composite bleeding events than the standard DAPT group. No statistically significant difference was observed in the incidence of MACCEs between the two groups.

16.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 14: 1101952, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36875470

RESUMO

Background: Previous research has supported the association between the triglyceride-glucose index (TyG index) and the incidence and prognosis of cardiovascular disease. However, the association between the TyG index and the prognosis of patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) without diabetes mellitus (DM) who underwent emergency percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with drug-eluting stents (DESs) has not been thoroughly investigated, and these patients may easily be neglected. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the association between the TyG index and major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCEs) in Chinese ACS patients without DM who underwent emergency PCI with DES. Methods: The total number of ACS patients without DM who underwent emergency PCI with DES for this study was 1650. Ln [fasting triglycerides (mg/dL) ×fasting plasma glucose (mg/dL)/2] is the formula used to calculate the TyG index. According to the TyG index, we classified the patients into two groups. The frequency of the following endpoint events was calculated and compared between the two groups: all-cause death, non-fatal myocardial infarction (MI), non-fatal ischemia stroke, ischemia-driven revascularization and cardiac rehospitalization. Results: After a median of 47 months of follow-up [47 (40, 54)], 437 (26.5%) endpoint events were recorded in total. The TyG index was further demonstrated to be independent of MACCE by multivariable Cox regression analysis (hazard ratio [HR], 1.493; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.230-1.812; p<0.001). The TyG index≥7.08 group had a considerably greater incidence of MACCE (30.3% vs. 22.7% in the TyG index<7.08 group, p<0.001), cardiac death (4.0% vs. 2.3% in the TyG index<7.08 group, p=0.047), and ischemia-driven revascularization (5.7% vs. 3.6% in the TyG index<7.08 group, p=0.046) than the TyG index<7.08 group. Between the two groups, there was no discernible difference in all-cause death (5.6% vs. 3.8% in the TyG index<7.08 group, p=0.080), non-fatal MI (1.0% vs. 0.2% in the TyG index<7.08 group, p=0.057), non-fatal ischemic stroke (1.6% vs. 1.0% in the TyG index<7.08 group, p=0.272), and cardiac rehospitalization (16.5% vs. 14.1% in the TyG index<7.08 group, p=0.171). Conclusion: For ACS patients without DM who received emergency PCI with DES, the TyG index might be an independent predictor of MACCE.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda , Diabetes Mellitus , Stents Farmacológicos , Infarto do Miocárdio , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Humanos , População do Leste Asiático , Glucose
17.
Hypertension ; 80(5): 1057-1066, 2023 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36880389

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Vascular aging, as assessed by structural and functional arterial properties, is an independent predictor of cardiovascular outcomes. We aimed to explore the associations of individual cardiovascular risk factors from childhood to midlife and their accumulation over a 30-year span with vascular aging in midlife. METHODS: Using data from the ongoing cohort of Hanzhong Adolescent Hypertension study, 2180 participants aged 6 to 18 years at baseline were followed for over 30 years. Distinct trajectories of systolic blood pressure (SBP), body mass index (BMI), and heart rate from childhood to midlife were identified by group-based trajectory modeling. Vascular aging was assessed by carotid intima media thickness or brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity. RESULTS: We identified 4 distinct SBP trajectories, 3 distinct BMI trajectories, and 2 distinct heart rate trajectories from childhood to midlife. Persistently increasing SBP, high-increasing BMI, and high-stable heart rate were all shown to have a positive association with brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity in midlife. For carotid intima-media thickness, similar associations were observed for persistently increasing SBP and high-increasing body mass index. After further adjustment for SBP, body mass index and heart rate at the time of vascular assessment in 2017, associations were also observed for cardiovascular risk factor trajectories accumulation with brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (ß, 0.656 [95% CI, 0.265-1.047]) and with carotid intima media thickness (ß, 0.045 [95% CI, 0.011-0.079]) in adulthood. CONCLUSIONS: Longitudinal exposure to individual cardiovascular risk factors from childhood to midlife and cardiovascular risk factor accumulation were associated with an increased risk of vascular aging in midlife. Our study lends support for early targeting of risk factors in order to prevent cardiovascular disease later in life.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Adolescente , Humanos , Criança , Espessura Intima-Media Carotídea , Índice Tornozelo-Braço , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Análise de Onda de Pulso , Envelhecimento/fisiologia , Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia , Fatores de Risco de Doenças Cardíacas
18.
J Nutr Biochem ; 115: 109281, 2023 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36758838

RESUMO

Transient high salt intake causes a sustained increase in blood pressure (BP) even after returning to a normal-salt diet, a phenomenon known as "salt memory." However, the molecular mechanisms of this phenomenon remain to be elucidated. Dahl salt-sensitive (SS) rats were fed a high-salt (8% NaCl) or high-salt diet and treated with drugs for 8 to 16 weeks and then returned to a normal-salt diet for 3 months. This study investigated the molecular mechanisms of salt memory and its mediation of SS hypertension and renal damage. We show that transient high salt intake caused persistent elevation of BP and exacerbation of kidney damage in Dahl SS rats even after returning to a normal-salt diet. Both epigenetic changes and inflammatory activation also persisted after resumption of a normal diet. Arterial BP, renal injury and the inflammatory response returned to normal levels in rats administered mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) during the 8-week period of high salt intake, resulting in the disappearance of salt memory. However, the vasodilator hydralazine did not ameliorate kidney damage or inflammatory activation, although it decreased BP to control levels. Transient high salt intake increased histone 3 lysine 4 monomethylation (H3K4me1) levels at the nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) subunit p65 promoter in SS rats, promoting p65 gene transcription and NF-κB activation and further leading to a series of inflammatory responses. Our findings demonstrate that transient high salt-induced epigenetic changes and persistent inflammatory activation play important roles in salt memory and its mediation of SS hypertension and renal damage.


Assuntos
Hipertensão , Nefropatias , Ratos , Animais , Cloreto de Sódio na Dieta/efeitos adversos , Cloreto de Sódio/efeitos adversos , NF-kappa B , Ratos Endogâmicos Dahl , Rim , Hipertensão/genética , Hipertensão/tratamento farmacológico , Pressão Sanguínea
19.
Bioengineering (Basel) ; 10(2)2023 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36829751

RESUMO

This study aimed to develop a noninvasive, economical and effective subclinical renal damage (SRD) risk assessment tool to identify high-risk asymptomatic people from a large-scale population and improve current clinical SRD screening strategies. Based on the Hanzhong Adolescent Hypertension Cohort, SRD-associated variables were identified and the SRD risk assessment score model was established and further validated with machine learning algorithms. Longitudinal follow-up data were used to identify child-to-adult SRD risk score trajectories and to investigate the relationship between different trajectory groups and the incidence of SRD in middle age. Systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure and body mass index were identified as SRD-associated variables. Based on these three variables, an SRD risk assessment score was developed, with excellent classification ability (AUC value of ROC curve: 0.778 for SRD estimation, 0.729 for 4-year SRD risk prediction), calibration (Hosmer-Lemeshow goodness-of-fit test p = 0.62 for SRD estimation, p = 0.34 for 4-year SRD risk prediction) and more potential clinical benefits. In addition, three child-to-adult SRD risk assessment score trajectories were identified: increasing, increasing-stable and stable. Further difference analysis and logistic regression analysis showed that these SRD risk assessment score trajectories were highly associated with the incidence of SRD in middle age. In brief, we constructed a novel and noninvasive SRD risk assessment tool with excellent performance to help identify high-risk asymptomatic people from a large-scale population and assist in SRD screening.

20.
Nat Commun ; 14(1): 285, 2023 01 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36650171

RESUMO

The potential clinical application of gadolinium-neutron capture therapy (Gd-NCT) for glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) treatment has been compromised by the fast clearance and nonspecific biodistribution of gadolinium-based agents. We have developed a stem cell-nanoparticle system (SNS) to actively target GBM for advanced Gd-NCT by magnetizing umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (UMSCs) using gadodiamide-concealed magnetic nanoparticles (Gd-FPFNP). Nanoformulated gadodiamide shielded by a dense surface composed of fucoidan and polyvinyl alcohol demonstrates enhanced cellular association and biocompatibility in UMSCs. The SNS preserves the ability of UMSCs to actively penetrate the blood brain barrier and home to GBM and, when magnetically navigates by an external magnetic field, an 8-fold increase in tumor-to-blood ratio is achieved compared with clinical data. In an orthotopic GBM-bearing rat model, using a single dose of irradiation and an ultra-low gadolinium dose (200 µg kg-1), SNS significantly attenuates GBM progression without inducing safety issues, prolonging median survival 2.5-fold compared to free gadodiamide. The SNS is a cell-based delivery system that integrates the strengths of cell therapy and nanotechnology, which provides an alternative strategy for the treatment of brain diseases.


Assuntos
Glioblastoma , Terapia por Captura de Nêutron , Ratos , Animais , Gadolínio , Nanomedicina , Medicina de Precisão , Distribuição Tecidual , Glioblastoma/tratamento farmacológico , Nêutrons , Células-Tronco
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