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1.
Biomater Sci ; 12(7): 1662-1692, 2024 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38411151

RESUMO

Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is a combination of raw herbs and herbal extracts with a plethora of documented beneficial bioactivities, which has unique advantages in anti-tumor therapy, and many of its major bioactive molecules have been identified in recent years due to advances in chemical separation and structural analysis. However, the major chemical classes of plant-derived bioactive compounds frequently possess chemical properties, including poor water solubility, stability, and bioavailability, that limit their therapeutic application. Alternatively, natural small molecules (NSMs) containing these components possess modifiable groups, multiple action sites, hydrophobic side chains, and a rigid skeleton with self-assembly properties that can be exploited to construct self-assembled nanoparticles with therapeutic effects superior to their individual constituents. For instance, the construction of a self-assembled nanodrug delivery system can effectively overcome the strong hydrophobicity and poor in vivo stability of NSMs, thereby greatly improving their bioavailability and enhancing their anti-tumor efficacy. This review summarizes the self-assembly methods, mechanisms, and applications of a variety of NSMs, including terpenoids, flavonoids, alkaloids, polyphenols, and saponins, providing a theoretical basis for the subsequent research on NSMs and the development of SANDDS.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa/métodos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Polifenóis
2.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-995603

RESUMO

Objective:To observe the safety and efficacy of Keluoxin capsules in the treatment of moderate to severe non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy (NPDR).Methods:An open-label, multi-center, single-arm, phase Ⅱa clinical trial. From May 2014 to December 2016, the patients diagnosed with moderate to severe NPDR who received Keroxin treatment in General Hospital of Central Theater Command, Affiliated Eye Hospital to Nanchang University, Xiyuan Hospital of China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, and Eye Hospital China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences were divided into moderate NPDR group and severe NPDR group. The baseline data of the patients were obtained, best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), optical coherence tomography, fundus fluorescein angiography and fundus photography were performed. On the basis of maintaining the original diabetes treatment, all patients took Keluoxin capsules orally for 24 weeks; 24 weeks after treatment was used as the time point for evaluating the efficacy. BCVA letters, central macular thickness (CMT) and 6 mm diameter total macular volume (TMV), retinal vascular leakage area, and retinal non-perfusion (RNP) area within an average diameter of 6 mm were compared between the two groups at baseline and 24 weeks after treatment. Independent sample Mann-Whitney U test was used to compare continuous variables between groups. Categorical data were compared by χ2 test. Results:A total of 60 NPDR patients and 60 eyes were included, 9 cases were lost to follow-up, and 51 cases and 51 eyes were finally included, including 37 eyes in the moderate NPDR group and 14 eyes in the severe NPDR group, respectively. At baseline, BCVA in moderate NPDR group and severe NPDR group were (80.1±6.8), (81.4±6.3) letters, respectively. CMT were (249.5±32.1), (258.9±22.2) μm, respectively. TMV were (8.79±1.09), (8.95±1.31) mm 3, respectively. Retinal vascular leakage areas were (7.69±10.63), (10.45±7.65) mm 2, respectively. RNP area were (2.48±5.74), (10.63±20.06) mm 2, respectively. There were 11 (29.7%, 11/37) and 4 (28.6%, 4/14) eyes with diabetic macular edema (DME), respectively; 24 weeks after treatment, BCVA in moderate NPDR group and severe NPDR group increased by (1.3±5.2), (3.2±3.0) letters, respectively. Compared with baseline, there was a statistically significant difference in the severe NPDR group ( t=-3.986, P=0.033). CMT were (252.1±45.6), (269.8± 57.2) μm, respectively. There were no significant differences compared with baseline ( t=-0.567, -0.925; P>0.05). TMV were (9.96±1.16), (10.09±1.32) mm 3, respectively. There were no significant differences compared with baseline ( t=-0.996, -1.304; P>0.05). Retinal vascular leakage area decreased (0.19±6.90), (1.98±7.52) mm 2, respectively. There were no significant differences compared with baseline ( t=0.168, 0.983; P>0.05). RNP area were (3.01±6.47), (10.36±19.57) mm 2, respectively. Compared with baseline, the differences were statistically significant ( t=-1.267, 0.553; P>0.05). There were 8 (21.6%, 8/37) and 3 (21.4%, 3/14) eyes with DME, respectively. Compared with baseline, the difference was statistically significant ( χ2=11.919, 4.571; P=0.001, 0.033). Conclusion:Keluoxin capsules can stabilize or improve BCVA, CMT, TMV and RNP area in patients with moderate and severe NPDR, and reduce the area of retinal vascular leakage.

3.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-992197

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE To determine the roles of phosphorylated ubiquitin(pUb)on ubiquitin-dependent proteasomal(UPS)degradation activity,and the roles of pUb on neurodegeneration.METHODS We use PTEN induced kinase 1(PINK1)to phosphorylate ubiquitin.The Ub/S65A cannot be phosphorylated by PINK1,and was used to antagonize the roles of pUb.The Ub/S65E was used to mimic the roles of pUb.The roles of pUb on UPS degradation activity were determined by immunoflu-orescence,Western blot and TIRF microscope at cellular and protein level.The roles of pUb on neurodegeneration were determined by behavior tests,immunofluorescence,Golgi staining,TEM,Western blot and proteomics sacle in mouse.RESULTS The level of soluble PINK1(sPINK1)and pUb increased in the neurons of aged mouse brain,and in the cells upon the administration of MG132,a proteasome inhibitor.The elevation of sPINK1 and pUb was accompanied by protein aggregation upon aging or the proteasomal inhibition.The pink1 knockout alleviated proteasomal inhibition induced protein aggregation and association of ubiquitinated proteins with proteasome.The over-expression of sPINK1 increased pUb level in hippocampal neuron,which chronically induced protein aggregation,mitochondrial damage and damage the structure of neuronal spines.Such neuronal injury lead to cognitive impairment of mice.The roles of sPINK1 was reversed by co-expression with Ub/S65A,and was mimic by over-expression with Ub/S65E.CONCLUSION The phosphorylation of ubiquitin aggravates UPS degrada-tion,and accelerates neuronal degeneration upon the decline of proteasomal degradation in aging and age-related neuronal diseases.

4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 695-710, 2023.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-965625

RESUMO

In this study, we explored the mechanism of Huganning tablet (HGNP) in the treatment of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) based on network pharmacology and computer-aided drug design. Firstly, the potential ingredients and targets of HGNP were identified from TCMSP database, Swiss Target Prediction database, Chinese pharmacopoeia (2015) and literatures, and then the targets of HGNP intersected with NAFLD disease targets that obtained in GeneCards database to acquired potential targets. The bioconductor bioinformatics package of R software was used for gene ontology (GO) enrichment and Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes (KEGG) enrichment analysis. The network of “potential ingredient-key target-pathway” was formed in Cytoscape software to study the interactions between potential ingredients of HGNP, key targets, pathways and NAFLD. Based on the results of network pharmacology, the molecular docking analysis of the key targets and potential active ingredients in HGNP tablets with top degree in the network was conducted using Discovery Studio 2020 software, followed by molecular dynamics simulations, binding free energy calculation, drug-likeness properties analysis and ADMET (absorption, distribution, metabolism, excretion and toxicity) properties prediction. In vitro, HepG2 cells were used to establish steatosis model, and the effects of five key compounds on hepatocyte steatosis were analyzed by oil red O staining and triglyceride (TG) content determination. The results showed that 141 ingredients and 151 potential targets were obtained. A total of 2 526 items and 151 pathways were identified by GO and KEGG enrichment analysis. The molecular docking suggested that five components, isorhamnetin, salvianolic acid B, emodin, resveratrol and rhein, exhibited strong binding ability with key targets [retinoic acid receptor RXR-alpha (RXRA), tumor necrosis factor (TNF), glycogen synthase kinase-3 beta (GSK3B), serine/threonine-protein kinase 1 (AKT1)]. It was further verified that isorhamnetin and salvianolic acid B bind to key targets with good structural stability and binding affinity based on molecular dynamics simulations and binding free energy calculations. The drug-likeness properties, pharmacokinetic properties and toxicity of five key compounds were more comprehensively analyzed through drug-likeness properties analysis and ADMET properties prediction. In vitro, all five compounds, isorhamnetin, salvianolic acid B, emodin, resveratrol, and rhein, improved hepatocyte steatosis of HepG2 cells, confirming the reliability of the present study. In conclusion, based on network pharmacology, computer-aided drug design and in vitro validation, this study investigated the mechanism of HGNP for the treatment of NAFLD at multiple levels and provided a basis for its clinical application.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-981069

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genotyping characteristics of human fecal Escherichia coli( E. coli) and the relationships between antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) and multidrug resistance (MDR) of E. coli in Miyun District, Beijing, an area with high incidence of infectious diarrheal cases but no related data.@*METHODS@#Over a period of 3 years, 94 E. coli strains were isolated from fecal samples collected from Miyun District Hospital, a surveillance hospital of the National Pathogen Identification Network. The antibiotic susceptibility of the isolates was determined by the broth microdilution method. ARGs, multilocus sequence typing (MLST), and polymorphism trees were analyzed using whole-genome sequencing data (WGS).@*RESULTS@#This study revealed that 68.09% of the isolates had MDR, prevalent and distributed in different clades, with a relatively high rate and low pathogenicity. There was no difference in MDR between the diarrheal (49/70) and healthy groups (15/24).@*CONCLUSION@#We developed a random forest (RF) prediction model of TEM.1 + baeR + mphA + mphB + QnrS1 + AAC.3-IId to identify MDR status, highlighting its potential for early resistance identification. The causes of MDR are likely mobile units transmitting the ARGs. In the future, we will continue to strengthen the monitoring of ARGs and MDR, and increase the number of strains to further verify the accuracy of the MDR markers.


Assuntos
Humanos , Escherichia coli/genética , Infecções por Escherichia coli/epidemiologia , Tipagem de Sequências Multilocus , Genótipo , Pequim , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana Múltipla/genética , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Diarreia , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana
6.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1867-1879, 2023.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-978660

RESUMO

By integrating plant metabonomics and target quantitative analysis methods, this study systematically analyzed the differences of chemical constituents in Scutellaria baicalensis leaves from different producing areas in Shanxi, so as to provide theoretical basis for rational and effective utilization of Scutellaria baicalensis leaves. Based on the idea of plant metabonomics, the liquid quality of 53 batches of Scutellaria baicalensis leaves from 8 different producing areas in Shanxi was analyzed by UPLC-QTOF-MS, and the collected data were imported into SIMCA 14.1 software for multivariate statistical analysis to screen the different chemical constituents among different habitats in Shanxi. Meanwhile, a method for simultaneous determination of 7 flavonoids and 3 organic acids in Scutellaria baicalensis leaves was optimized and established to quantitatively analyze the differences of chemical components in Scutellaria baicalensis leaves from different producing areas in Shanxi. The results of plant metabonomics showed that there were differences in the chemical composition of Scutellaria baicalensis leaves in northern Shanxi (Datong, Xinzhou), Jinzhong (Yangquan, Luliang) and southern Shanxi (Changzhi, Yuncheng, Jincheng, Linfen): there were 14 significant differences in chemical composition between northern Shanxi and Jinzhong; there were 18 significant differences in chemical constituents between southern Shanxi and central Shanxi. There were 15 significant differences in chemical constituents between northern Shanxi and southern Shanxi. Among them, scutellarin and isocarthamidin-7-O-glucuronide were the common differences among the three regions, and the content of scutellarin was the highest in southern Shanxi and the lowest in northern Shanxi. The content of isocarthamidin-7-O-glucuronide was the highest in Jinzhong area and the lowest in northern Shanxi area. Quantitative analysis further confirmed that the average contents of apigenin, naringenin and citric acid were the highest in northern Shanxi, scutellarin, caffeic acid, apigenin-7-O-glucuronide, malic acid and wogonoside were the highest in southern Shanxi, and wogonoside and baicalin were the highest in central Shanxi. This study is of great significance to the quality control of Scutellaria baicalensis leaf resources, and provides theoretical basis for rational and effective utilization of Scutellaria baicalensis leaf resources.

7.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-953771

RESUMO

@#Apoptosis is an important means to regulate cell proliferation and maintain homeostasis. Recent researches have shown that the B-cell lymphoma-2 (BCL-2) family not only plays a dominant role in the regulation of normal cell apoptosis, but also plays a crucial role in the formation of tumor genesis, progression and subsequent drug resistance mediated by the escape mode of apoptosis. The phenomenon that BCL-2 family antagonized the apoptosis induced by antitumor drugs and then acquired drug resistance has been reported in the clinical treatment of hematologic lymphatic system tumors, breast cancer, lung cancer, gastric cancer and other diseases. Thus, specific inhibitors targeting anti-apoptotic members of the BCL-2 family have emerged with the development of research. In this paper, we systematically reviewed the regulation of apoptosis mediated by BCL-2 family and the drug resistance mediated by BCL-2 family. Meanwhile, we summarized the research advances of BCL-2 family specific inhibitors to provide new strategy for solving the problems on tumor therapeutic resistance and for finding new therapeutic targets in the future.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-971316

RESUMO

Mitophagy is one of the important targets for the prevention and treatment of myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury (MIRI). Moderate mitophagy can remove damaged mitochondria, inhibit excessive reactive oxygen species accumulation, and protect mitochondria from damage. However, excessive enhancement of mitophagy greatly reduces adenosine triphosphate production and energy supply for cell survival, and aggravates cell death. How dysfunctional mitochondria are selectively recognized and engulfed is related to the interaction of adaptors on the mitochondrial membrane, which mainly include phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted on chromosome ten (PTEN)-induced kinase 1/Parkin, hypoxia-inducible factor-1 α/Bcl-2 and adenovirus e1b19k Da interacting protein 3, FUN-14 domain containing protein 1 receptor-mediated mitophagy pathway and so on. In this review, the authors briefly summarize the main pathways currently studied on mitophagy and the relationship between mitophagy and MIRI, and incorporate and analyze research data on prevention and treatment of MIRI with Chinese medicine, thereby provide relevant theoretical basis and treatment ideas for clinical prevention of MIRI.


Assuntos
Humanos , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Mitofagia/genética , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica , Proteínas Quinases/metabolismo
9.
World Neurosurg ; 164: e271-e279, 2022 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35490890

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate use of multidata analysis based on an artificial neural network (ANN) to predict long-term pain outcomes after microvascular decompression (MVD) in patients with trigeminal neuralgia (TN) and to explore key predictors. METHODS: Perioperative and long-term follow-up multidata of 1041 patients with TN who received MVD surgery at Hangzhou First People's Hospital from March 2013 to May 2018 were collected to construct an ANN model for prediction. The prediction results were compared with the actual follow-up outcomes, and the variables in each input layer were changed to test the effectiveness of ANN and explore the factors that had the greatest impact on prediction accuracy. RESULTS: The ANN model could predict the long-term pain outcomes after MVD in patients with TN with an accuracy rate of 95.2% and area under the curve of 0.862. Four factors contributed the most to the predictive performance of the ANN: whether the neurovascular offending site of the trigeminal nerve corresponded the region of facial pain, immediate postoperative pain remission after MVD, degree of nerve compression by culprit vessels, and the type of culprit vessels. After these factors were sequentially removed, the accuracy of the ANN model decreased to 74.5%, 78.6%, 87.2%, and 90.1%, while the area under the curve was 0.705, 0.761, 0.793, and 0.810. CONCLUSIONS: The ANN model, constructed using multiple data, predicted long-term pain prognosis after MVD in patients with TN objectively and accurately. The model was able to assess the importance of each factor in the prediction of pain outcome.


Assuntos
Cirurgia de Descompressão Microvascular , Neuralgia do Trigêmeo , Dor Facial/etiologia , Dor Facial/cirurgia , Humanos , Cirurgia de Descompressão Microvascular/métodos , Redes Neurais de Computação , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Neuralgia do Trigêmeo/cirurgia
10.
Preprint em Inglês | medRxiv | ID: ppmedrxiv-22275053

RESUMO

ObjectiveIn September 2020, records of 15,861 SARS-CoV-2 cases failed to upload from the Second Generation Laboratory Surveillance System (SGSS) to the Contact Tracing Advisory Service (CTAS) tool, resulting in a delay in the contact tracing of these cases. This study used CTAS data to determine the impact of this delay on health outcomes: transmission events, hospitalisations, and mortality. Previously, a modelling study had suggested a substantial impact. DesignObservational study SettingEngland. PopulationIndividuals testing positive for SARS-CoV-2 and their reported contacts. Main outcome measuresSecondary attack rates (SARs), hospitalisations, and deaths amongst primary and secondary contacts were calculated, compared to all other concurrent, unaffected cases. SGSS records affected by the event were matched to CTAS records and successive contacts and cases were identified. ResultsThe initiation of contact tracing was delayed by 3 days on average in the primary cases in the delay group (6 days) compared to the control group (3 days). This was associated with lower completion of contact tracing of primary cases in the delay group: 80% (95%CI: 79-81%) in the delay group and 83% (95%CI: 83-84%) in the control group. There was some evidence to suggest an increase in transmission to non-household contacts amongst those affected by the delay. The SAR for non-household contacts was higher amongst secondary contacts in the delay group than the control group (delay group: 7.9%, 95%CI:6.4% to 9.2%; control group: 5.9%, 95%CI: 5.3% to 6.6%). There was no evidence of a difference between the delay and control groups in the odds of hospitalisation (crude odds ratio: 1.1 (95%CI: 0.9 to 1.2) or death (crude odds ratio: 0.7 (0.1 to 4.0)) amongst secondary contacts. ConclusionsThe delay in contact tracing had a limited impact on population health outcomes. Strengths and limitations of the studyO_LIShows empirical data on the health impact of an event leading to a delay in contact tracing so can test hypotheses generated by models of the potential impact of a delay in contact tracing C_LIO_LIEstimates the extent of further transmission and odds of increased mortality or hospitalisation in up to the third generation of cases affected by the event C_LIO_LIThe event acts as a natural experiment to describe the possible impact of contact tracing, comparing a group affected by chance by delayed contact tracing to a control group who experienced no delay C_LIO_LIContact tracing was not completed for all individuals, so the study might not capture all affected contacts or transmissions C_LI

11.
Preprint em Inglês | medRxiv | ID: ppmedrxiv-22271001

RESUMO

BackgroundThe SARS-CoV-2 Omicron variant (B.1.1.529) has rapidly replaced the Delta variant (B.1.617.2) to become dominant in England. This epidemiological study assessed differences in transmissibility between the Omicron and Delta using two methods and data sources. MethodsOmicron and Delta cases were identified through genomic sequencing, genotyping and S-gene target failure in England from 5-11 December 2021. Secondary attack rates for Omicron and Delta using named contacts and household clustering were calculated using national surveillance and contact tracing data. We used multivariable logistic regression was used to control for factors associated with transmission. FindingsAnalysis of contact tracing data identified elevated secondary attack rates for Omicron vs Delta in household (15.0% vs 10.8%) and non-household (8.2% vs 3.7%) settings. The proportion of index cases resulting in residential clustering was twice as high for Omicron (16.1%) compared to Delta (7.3%). Transmission was significantly less likely from cases, or in named contacts, in receipt of three compared to two vaccine doses in household settings, but less pronounced for Omicron (aRR 0.78 and 0.88) compared to Delta (aRR 0.62 and 0.68). In non-household settings, a similar reduction was observed for Delta cases and contacts (aRR 0.84 and 0.51) but only for Omicron contacts (aRR 0.76, 95% CI: 0.58-0.93) and not cases in receipt of three vs two doses (aRR 0.95, 0.77-1.16). InterpretationOur study identified increased risk of onward transmission of Omicron, consistent with its successful global displacement of Delta. We identified a reduced effectiveness of vaccination in lowering risk of transmission, a likely contributor for the rapid propagation of Omicron. FundingStudy funded by the UK Health Security Agency.

12.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-956809

RESUMO

Objective:To analyze and compare the X-ray procedures and radiation dose composition of ophthalmic inpatients, and to explore the changes of the X-ray examination mode in recent years and the effect of optimization in imaging technology on the radiation dose level of the patients.Methods:The simple random sampling method was used to retrospectively select the imaging data of the ophthalmic inpatients in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University School of Medicine from July 1st to November 31st in 2019 and from July 1st to November 31st in 2020. A total of 516 cases were selected according to the imaging time, including 258 cases in 2019 and 258 cases in 2020. Based on our previous research and the related documents of low-dose CT screening, a series of optimizations on CT scanning parameters and process were carried out in 2020, including the frequency of DR and CT scanning, the number of examinations per capita, the composition ratio of CT and DR, and X-ray dose per capita.Results:In 2020, the average effective doses of chest CT and orbital CT for ophthalmic inpatients were (2.587±1.586) mSv and (0.877±0.733) mSv, significantly lower than those in 2019 ( F=0.52, 0.72, P<0.05), and decreased by 34.82% and 37.13%, respectively. There was no significant difference in the average effective dose of chest DR and head CT between 2020 and 2019 ( F=6.01, 1.81, P>0.05). The number of X-ray examination per capita increased by 0.15 times, and the effective dose increased by 1.44 times (1.589 mSv). Chest DR was the main type of X-ray examination, accounting for 68.79% of all examinations in 2019, while chest CT was the main type, accounting for 71.05% in 2020. The composition of chest CT in 2020 increased by 63.17% compared with 2019, and the compositions of chest DR, orbital CT and cranial CT were decreased by 53.88%, 5.79% and 2.89%, respectively. Conclusions:With dose optimization measures, the single CT dose of ophthalmic inpatients in 2020 was lower than that in 2019. Chest CT increased significantly in frequency, and became main X-ray examination instead of chest DR which made the effective dose of ophthalmic inpatients increasing significantly.

13.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-934244

RESUMO

Objective:To explore the feasibility of applying quantitative flow ratio(QFR) to assess the degree of coronary artery functional stenosis before surgery, and to guide coronary artery bypass grafting(CABG) revascularization strategy.Methods:The study prospectively included a total of 154 patients who were electively treated with CABG in the 11th ward of the Department of Cardiac Surgery of Beijing Anzhen Hospital from January 2019 to September 2020, and their coronary angiography visually showed stenosis of the coronary artery to perform QFR analysis to know the diseased blood vessels. For functional stenosis, the surgeon was blinded to the results of QFR analysis before surgery. Collect its baseline data, perioperative data and recent clinical outcomes for summary analysis.Results:One year later, the coronary artery CTA showed that the occlusion rate of functionally significant disease(QFR<0.8) was 5.5%, and that of non-functionally significant disease(QFR≥0.8) was 15.6%. There was no difference in angina class or repeat interventions between patients with or without occluded bypass grafts.Conclusion:According to QFR analysis, coronary arteries with functional non-significant disease have a higher risk of grafts failure than those with functionally significant disease. For coronary arteries with negative QFR lesions, the risk of occlusion of arterial grafts is higher than that of venous. However, this finding is not significantly related to clinical prognosis, because patients with patency or occlusion of the grafts in non-significant lesions have not found excessive angina pectoris or repeated coronary interventions. QFR-guided selection of coronary surgery strategies is safe and feasible.

14.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-955542

RESUMO

The gross specimens and tissue slices used for traditional experimental pathology curriculum are fragile, and some specimens or slices are difficult to be supplemented. Besides, the classroom and schedule for experimental pathology teaching are inflexible. Therefore, the teaching effects for experimental pathology course are limited. The development of digital technology has promoted the teaching reform of medical experimental curriculum. We have digitalized the gross specimens and tissue slices to preserve and expand the samples, and constructed pathological sample repository containing both physical samples and digital samples. Furthermore, we have established a platform for remote access, and thus improved the flexibility and autonomy of study for experimental pathology curriculum. Additionally, we have integrated clinical information of the teaching samples, and interpreted the specimens with the assistance of two-dimensional code technology and voice broadcast technology, to realize human-computer interactive learning. The questionnaire shows that the application of pathological sample repository in experimental teaching has improved student learning effect and recognition.

15.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-955252

RESUMO

Objective:To investigate the diagnostic value of chest enhanced computed tomography (CT) for mediastinal lymph node metastasis of esophageal cancer and the influencing factors for its accuracy.Methods:The retrospective case-control study was conducted. The clinico- pathological data of 463 patients with esophageal cancer who underwent surgical treatment in the First Affiliated Hospital of Army Medical University from July 2016 to June 2021 were collected. There were 385 males and 78 females, aged (61±8)years. Observation indicators: (1) results of pre-operative chest enhanced CT and postoperative pathological examination; (2) diagnostic value of chest enhanced CT for mediastinal lymph node metastasis of esophageal cancer; (3) influencing factors analysis of the diagnostic accuracy of chest enhanced CT for mediastinal lymph node metastasis of esophageal cancer. Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean± SD, and count data were represented as absolute numbers and (or) percentages. Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value and Youden index were used for authenticity evaluation of diagnostic value of chest enhanced CT for mediastinal lymph node metastasis of esophageal cancer, and accuracy and Kappa value were used for reliability evaluation. The higher the value of above indicators, the higher the authenticity and (or) reliability. The univariate analysis was conducted using the chi-square test, and multivariate analysis was conducted using the binary Logistic regression model after including indicators with P<0.20 of univariate analysis. Results:(1) Results of preoperative chest enhanced CT and postoperative pathological examination. Of the 463 patients with esophageal cancer, mediastinal lymph node metastasis were diagnosed in 90 cases (including 35 cases of true positive and 55 cases of false positive) and no mediastinal lymph node metastasis were diagnosed in 373 cases (including 300 cases of true negative and 73 cases of false negative) by preoperative chest enhanced CT. Mediastinal lymph node metastasis were diagnosed in 108 cases and no mediastinal lymph node metastasis were diagnosed in 355 cases by postoperative patholo-gical examination. (2) Diagnostic value of chest enhanced CT for mediastinal lymph node metastasis of esophageal cancer. Authenticity evaluation of diagnostic value of chest enhanced CT for medias-tinal lymph node metastasis of esophageal cancer showed that sensitivity, specificity, positive predic-tive value, negative predictive value and Youden indexes were 32.41%(35/108), 84.51%(300/355), 38.89%(35/90), 80.43%(300/373), 0.169, respectively. Reliability evaluation showed that accuracy and Kappa value were 72.35%(335/463) and 0.180 ( P<0.05), respectively. (3) Influencing factors analysis of the diagnostic accuracy of chest enhanced CT for mediastinal lymph node metastasis of esophageal cancer. Results of univariate analysis showed that the tumor diameter and the depth of tumor invasion were related factors affecting the diagnostic accuracy of chest enhanced CT for mediastinal lymph node metastasis of esophageal cancer ( χ2=7.65, 6.07, P<0.05). Results of multi-variate analysis showed that the tumor diameter ≥2.1 cm was an independent risk factor affecting the diagnostic accuracy of chest enhanced CT for mediastinal lymph node metastasis of esophageal cancer ( odds ratio=2.05, 95% confidence interval as 1.23?3.43, P<0.05). Conclusions:The clinical value of chest enhanced CT for diagnosing mediastinal lymph node metastasis of esophageal cancer is limited, and the consistency with pathological results is quite different. The tumor diameter ≥2.1 cm is an independent risk factor affecting the diagnostic accuracy of chest enhanced CT for mediastinal lymph node metastasis of esophageal cancer

16.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-940625

RESUMO

ObjectiveWe aimed to investigate the efficacy and mechanism of Yishen Shengjing Prescription (YSP) in the treatment of oligoasthenospermia in rats. MethodThe oligoasthenospermia rat model was established by injection with cyclophosphamide (35 mg·kg-1·d-1) for 5 consecutive days. Rats were randomly assigned into control group (without treating with cyclophosphamide), model group, low- (YSP-L), medium- (YSP-M), and high- (YSP-H) dose (2.91, 5.83, and 11.66 g·kg-1, respectively) groups, Wuzi Yanzongwan (WYW, 1.03 g·kg-1) group, and L-carnitine (0.17 g·kg-1) group, with 8 rats in each group. After 28 days of drug intervention, the body weight, testicular weight, and testicular index of rats were recorded. The sperm quality in epididymis was detected by computer-assisted sperm analysis (CASA) system. Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining was employed for observation of testicular tissue morphology. The levels of malondialdehyde (MDA) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) in testicular tissue were detected by colorimetry. The levels of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), and testosterone (T) in serum were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA). TdT-mediated dUTP nick-end labeling (TUNEL) was employed to detect the apoptosis of testicular cells. The protein levels of B cell lymphoma-2(Bcl-2), Bax, and cleaved Caspase-3 in testicular tissue were detected by Western blot. ResultCompared with the control group, the model group showed decreased body weight, testicular weight and index, sperm concentration and motility (P<0.01) and increased testicular pathological score (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, the YSP-M, YSP-H, WYW, and L-carnitine groups showed increased body weight, testicular weight, testicular index, sperm concentration and motility and decreased testicular pathological score. After modeling, the SOD level decreased (P<0.01) while the MDA content increased (P<0.01) in the testicular tissue. YSP-H, WYW, and L-carnitine reversed the SOD and MDA level changes caused by modeling. Compared with the control group, the model group exhibited declined T level (P<0.01) and increased FSH and LH levels (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, YSP, WYW, and L-carnitine increased the T level (P<0.01) and decreased the LH level (P<0.05, P<0.01). The apoptosis rate of spermatogenic cells in the model group was higher than that in the control group (P<0.01), whereas YSP-M, WYW, and L-carnitine reversed such changes (P<0.01). The model group rats showed decreased expression of Bcl-2(P<0.05) and increased expression of Bax and cleaved Caspase-3 (P<0.05, P<0.01). Compared the model group, YSP-M, YSP-H, WYW, and L-carnitine up-regulated the Bcl-2 expression and down-regulated the cleaved Caspase-3 expression (P<0.05, P<0.01). ConclusionYSP improved the sperm quality of oligoasthenospermia model rats by regulating the antioxidant system and sex hormone levels and inhibiting the apoptosis of spermatogenic cells.

17.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-940284

RESUMO

ObjectiveTo investigate the effect of Biejiajian Wan (BJJW) on transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1)-induced epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of HepG2 cells, and explore its mechanism against EMT of hepatocellular carcinoma cells. MethodHepG2 cells were randomly divided into a blank group, a TGF-β1 model group (10 μg·L-1 TGF-β1), a low-dose BJJW group (10 μg·L-1 TGF-β1+0.55 g·kg-1 BJJW), a medium-dose BJJW group (10 μg·L-1 TGF-β1+1.1 g·kg-1 BJJW), a high-dose BJJW group (10 μg·L-1 TGF-β1+2.2 g·kg-1 BJJW), and a sorafenib group (10 μg·L-1 TGF-β1+0.03 g·kg-1 sorafenib). The EMT model was induced by 10 μg·L-1 TGF-β1 in HepG2 cells. After treatment with corresponding medicated serum, cell counting kit -8 (CCK-8) assay was used to detect cell proliferation. Cell migration ability was detected by the Transwell assay and wound healing assay. The protein expression related to EMT and nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) signaling pathway was detected by cell immunofluorescence assay and Western blot. ResultCompared with the blank group 4 days later, the TGF-β1 model group showed fusiform and loose cells with widened gap and antennae reaching out, decreased protein expression of E-cadherin (P<0.05), and increased protein expression of N-cadherin and vimentin (P<0.05), which indicated that the EMT model was properly induced in HepG2 cells by TGF-β1 stimulation for 4 days. After 48 hours of treatment with the corresponding medicated serum, each medication group showed inhibited proliferation of HepG2 cells that had undergone EMT, especially the low- and high-dose BJJW groups (P<0.01), and the medium-dose BJJW group showed increased E-cadherin protein expression (P<0.05) and decreased p-p65, N-cadherin, and vimentin protein expression (P<0.05), as compared with the TGF-β1 model group. As revealed by the transwell assay and wound healing assay, TGF-β1 enhanced the migration ability of HepG2 cells (P<0.05, P<0.01) compared with the results in the blank group, compared with the TGF-β1 model group, the medication groups showed inhibited migration ability of HepG2 cells (P<0.05, P<0.01). Compared with the blank group, the TGF-β1 model group promoted the expression of p65 and Snail into the nucleus. Compared with the TGF-β1 model group, the medication groups inhibited the expression of p65 and Snail into the nucleus. ConclusionBJJW may inhibit the EMT, proliferation, and migration of HepG2 cells induced by TGF-β1 by suppressing the NF-κB signaling pathway to exert an anti-hepatocellular carcinoma effect.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-939914

RESUMO

Impaired immunomodulatory capacity and oxidative stress are the key factors limiting the effectiveness of mesenchymal stem cell transplantation therapy. The present study was aimed to investigate the effects of jujuboside A (JuA) on the protective effect and immunomodulatory capacity of human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (hUC-MSCs). Hydrogen peroxide was used to establish an oxidative damage model of hUC-MSCs, while PBMCs isolated from rats were used to evaluate the effect of JuA pre-treatment on the immunomodulatory capacity of hUC-MSCs. Furthermore, Hoechst 33258 staining, lactate dehydrogenase test, measurement of malondialdehyde, Western blot, high-performance liquid chromatography; and flow cytometry were performed. Our results indicated that JuA (25 μmol·L-1) promoted the proliferation of hUC-MSCs, but did not affect the differentiating capability of these cells. JuA pre-treatment inhibited apoptosis, prevented oxidative damage, and up-regulated the protein expression of nuclear factor-erythroid factor 2-related factor 2 and heme oxygenase 1 in hUC-MSCs in which oxidative stress was induced with H2O2. In addition, JuA pre-treatment enhanced the inhibitory effect of hUC-MSCs against abnormally activated PBMCs, which was related to stimulation of the expression and activity of indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase. In conclusion, our results demonstrate that JuA pre-treatment can enhance the survival and immunomodulatory ability through pathways related to oxidative stress, providing a new option for the improvement of hUC-MSCs in the clinical setting.


Assuntos
Animais , Humanos , Ratos , Diferenciação Celular , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/metabolismo , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Estresse Oxidativo , Saponinas , Cordão Umbilical/metabolismo
19.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 42(10): 4872-4879, 2021 Oct 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34581130

RESUMO

Microplastics have been found in many environmental systems, such as oceans, terrestrial soils, sediments, and bodies of freshwater. Microplastic pollution in soils has received extensive international attention; however, there is currently no unified standard extraction method. To identify appropriate extraction and component identification methods for microplastics in typical soils in China, samples were identified and their polymer component properties examined using ATR-FTIR(Thermo Nicolet IS 20). The effects of three treatments of water+oil(T1), a saturated NaCl solution+oil(T2), and a saturated NaCl solution(T3) on the detection of four types of microplastics[polyethylene terephthalate(PET), polypropylene(PP), polystyrene(PS), and polyethylene(PE)]in four typical soils(loess, black soil, red soil, and purple soil) were examined. The results showed that:① The extraction rates of the T3 treatment decreased with microplastic density. For PP, PE, and PS, the extraction rates exceeded 86.67%, and the extraction rates of PET were 0%-13.30%. ② The extraction rates of the four kinds of microplastics were 86.67%-100.00% in loess, black soil, and purple soil using the T1 and T2 solutions; however, the residual oil on the surface of microplastics influenced the identification using FTIR. Furthermore, the cleaning effect of PE and PS was poor after wiping with anhydrous ethanol. ③ In red soil, the extraction rates of PET were 56.60% and 50.00% in T1 and T2, respectively; in the T3 treatment, the extraction rates of PET, PE, and PP were 3.33%, 10.00%, and 56.67%, respectively. These results show that the extraction rates of four types microplastics are highest for loess, black soil, and purple soil using T1 and T2, although these two methods need to be combined with anhydrous ethanol cleaning. T3 dispose making the leak of microplastics PET with the density higher than 1 g·cm-3. Methods to extract microplastics from red soils require further research. Overall, this study can inform the investigation and treatment of microplastic pollution in typical regional soils in China.


Assuntos
Microplásticos , Poluentes Químicos da Água , China , Monitoramento Ambiental , Plásticos , Solo , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
20.
Preprint em Inglês | medRxiv | ID: ppmedrxiv-21253590

RESUMO

BackgroundMitigation of SARS-CoV-2 transmission from international travel is a priority. Travellers from countries with travel restrictions (closed travel-corridors) were required to quarantine for 14 days over Summer 2020 in England. We describe the genomic epidemiology of travel-related cases in England and evaluate the effectiveness of this travel policy. MethodsBetween 27/05/2020 and 13/09/2020, probable travel-related SARS-CoV-2 cases and their contacts were identified and combined with UK SARS-CoV-2 sequencing data. The epidemiology and demographics of cases was identified, and the number of contacts per case modelled using negative binomial regression to estimate the effect of travel restriction, and any variation by age, sex and calendar date. Unique travel-related SARS-CoV-2 genomes in the COG-UK dataset were identified to estimate the effect travel restrictions on cluster size generated from these. The Polecat Clustering Tool was used to identify a travel-related SARS-CoV-2 cluster of infection. Findings4,207 travel-related SARS-CoV-2 cases are identified. 51.2% (2155/4207) of cases reported travel to one of three countries; 21.0% (882) Greece, 16.3% (685) Croatia and 14.0% (589) Spain. Median number of contacts per case was 3 (IQR 1-5), and greatest for the 16-20 age-group (9.0, 95% C.I.=5.6-14.5), which saw the largest attenuation by travel restriction. Travel restriction was associated with a 40% (rate ratio=0.60, 95% C.I.=0.37-0.95) lower rate of contacts. 827/4207 (19.7%) of cases had high-quality SARS-CoV-2 genomes available. Fewer genomically-linked cases were observed for index cases related to countries with travel restrictions compared to cases from non-travel restriction countries (rate ratio=0.17, 95% C.I.=0.05-0.52). A large travel-related cluster dispersed across England is identified through genomics, confirmed with contact-tracing data. InterpretationThis study demonstrates the efficacy of travel restriction policy in reducing the onward transmission of imported cases. FundingWellcome Trust, Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council, UK Research & Innovation, National Institute of Health Research, Wellcome Sanger Institute. RESEARCH IN CONTEXTO_ST_ABSEvidence before this studyC_ST_ABSWe searched PubMed, medRxiv, bioRxiv, Web of Science and Scopus for the terms (COVID-19 OR SARS-COV-2) AND (imported or importation) AND (sequenc* OR genom* or WGS). We filtered the 55 articles identified through this search and rejected any that did not undertake SARS-CoV-2 sequencing as part of an epidemiological investigation for importation into a different country. The remaining 20 papers were reviewed in greater detail to understand the patterns of importation and the methods used in each case. Added value of this studyThis is the first published study on importations of SARS-CoV-2 into England using genomics. Plessis et al., (2021) used a predictive model to infer the number of importations in to the UK from all SARS-CoV-2 genomes generated before 26th June 2020. The current study assesses the period 27/05/2020 to 13/09/2020 and presents findings of case-reported travel linked to genomic data. Two unpublished reports exist for Wales and Scotland, although only examine a comparatively small number of importations. Implications of all the available evidenceThis large-scale study has a number of findings that are pertinent to public health and of global significance, not available from prior evidence to our knowledge. The study demonstrates travel restrictions, through the implementation of travel-corridors, are effective in reducing the number of contacts per case based on observational data. Age has a significant effect on the number of contacts and this can be mitigated with travel restrictions. Analysis of divergent clusters indicates travel restrictions can reduce the number of onwards cases following a travel-associated case. Analysis of divergent clusters can allow for importations to be identified from genomics, as subsequently evidenced by cluster characteristics derived from contact tracing. The majority of importations of SARS-CoV-2 in England over Summer 2020 were from coastal European countries. The highest number of cases and onward contacts were from Greece, which was largely exempt from self-isolation requirements (bar some islands in September at the end of the study period). Systematic monitoring of imported SARS-CoV-2 cases would help refine implementation of travel restrictions. Finally, along with multiple studies, this study highlights the use of genomics to monitor and track importations of SARS-CoV-2 mutations of interest; this will be of particular use as the repertoire of clinically relevant SARS-CoV-2 variants expand over time and globally.

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