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1.
Cancer Cell Int ; 24(1): 145, 2024 Apr 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38654331

RESUMO

Lung adenocarcinoma is a major public health problem with the low 5-year survival rate (15%) among cancers. Aberrant alterations of meiotic genes, which have gained increased attention recently, might contribute to elevated tumor risks. However, systematic and comprehensive studies based on the relationship between meiotic genes and LUAD recurrence and treatment response are still lacking. In this manuscript, we first confirmed that the meiosis related prognostic model (MRPM) was strongly related to LUAD progression via LASSO-Cox regression analyses. Furthermore, we identified the role of PPP2R1A in LUAD, which showed more contributions to LUAD process compared with other meiotic genes in our prognostic model. Additionally, repression of PPP2R1A enhances cellular susceptibility to nelfinavir-induced apoptosis and pyroptosis. Collectively, our findings indicated that meiosis-related genes might be therapeutic targets in LUAD and provided crucial guidelines for LUAD clinical intervention.

2.
PLoS One ; 19(4): e0302292, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38626181

RESUMO

Proteins containing domain of unknown function (DUF) are prevalent in eukaryotic genome. The DUF1216 proteins possess a conserved DUF1216 domain resembling to the mediator protein of Arabidopsis RNA polymerase II transcriptional subunit-like protein. The DUF1216 family are specifically existed in Brassicaceae, however, no comprehensive evolutionary analysis of DUF1216 genes have been performed. We performed a first comprehensive genome-wide analysis of DUF1216 proteins in Brassicaceae. Totally 284 DUF1216 genes were identified in 27 Brassicaceae species and classified into four subfamilies on the basis of phylogenetic analysis. The analysis of gene structure and conserved motifs revealed that DUF1216 genes within the same subfamily exhibited similar intron/exon patterns and motif composition. The majority members of DUF1216 genes contain a signal peptide in the N-terminal, and the ninth position of the signal peptide in most DUF1216 is cysteine. Synteny analysis revealed that segmental duplication is a major mechanism for expanding of DUF1216 genes in Brassica oleracea, Brassica juncea, Brassica napus, Lepidium meyneii, and Brassica carinata, while in Arabidopsis thaliana and Capsella rubella, tandem duplication plays a major role in the expansion of the DUF1216 gene family. The analysis of Ka/Ks (non-synonymous substitution rate/synonymous substitution rate) ratios for DUF1216 paralogous indicated that most of gene pairs underwent purifying selection. DUF1216 genes displayed a specifically high expression in reproductive tissues in most Brassicaceae species, while its expression in Brassica juncea was specifically high in root. Our studies offered new insights into the phylogenetic relationships, gene structures and expressional patterns of DUF1216 members in Brassicaceae, which provides a foundation for future functional analysis.


Assuntos
Arabidopsis , Brassicaceae , Brassicaceae/genética , Duplicação Gênica , Filogenia , Evolução Molecular , Genoma de Planta , Arabidopsis/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/química , Mostardeira/genética , Sinais Direcionadores de Proteínas/genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas
3.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(7)2024 Mar 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38612390

RESUMO

Dormancy release and reactivation in temperate trees are mainly controlled by temperature and are affected by age, but the underlying molecular mechanisms are still unclear. In this study, we explored the effects of low temperatures in winter and warm temperatures in spring on dormancy release and reactivation in Larix kaempferi. Further, we established the relationships between cell-cycle genes and cambium cell division. The results showed that chilling accelerated L. kaempferi bud break overall, and the longer the duration of chilling is, the shorter the bud break time is. After dormancy release, warm temperatures induced cell-cycle gene expression; when the configuration value of the cell-cycle genes reached 4.97, the cambium cells divided and L. kaempferi reactivated. This study helps to predict the impact of climate change on wood production and provides technical support for seedling cultivation in greenhouses.


Assuntos
Larix , Larix/genética , Câmbio , Genes cdc , Divisão Celular , Mudança Climática
4.
Clin Med (Lond) ; 24(2): 100033, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38513803

RESUMO

A 34-year-old woman was diagnosed with type 1 diabetes mellitus and treated with insulin for 24 years. The patient has a family history of diabetes in three consecutive generations. Her Whole exon sequencing showed a heterozygous mutation in the ABCC8 gene, and it also found some of her relatives to carry this mutation. She was diagnosed with MODY12 and received glimepiride therapy with the achievement of good glycaemic control.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Mutação , Receptores de Sulfonilureias , Humanos , Feminino , Adulto , Receptores de Sulfonilureias/genética , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/genética , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/tratamento farmacológico , Hipoglicemiantes/uso terapêutico , Compostos de Sulfonilureia/uso terapêutico
5.
Cell Death Dis ; 15(3): 205, 2024 Mar 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38467631

RESUMO

Temozolomide (TMZ), a DNA alkylating agent, has become the primary treatment for glioma, the most common malignancy of the central nervous system. Although TMZ-containing regimens produce significant clinical response rates, some patients inevitably suffer from inferior treatment outcomes or disease relapse, likely because of poor chemosensitivity of glioma cells due to a robust DNA damage response (DDR). GINS2, a subunit of DNA helicase, contributes to maintaining genomic stability and is highly expressed in various cancers, promoting their development. Here, we report that GINS2 was upregulated in TMZ-treated glioma cells and co-localized with γH2AX, indicating its participation in TMZ-induced DDR. Furthermore, GINS2 regulated the malignant phenotype and TMZ sensitivity of glioma cells, mostly by promoting DNA damage repair by affecting the mRNA stability of early growth response factor 1 (EGR1), which in turn regulates the transcription of epithelial cell-transforming sequence 2 (ECT2). We constructed a GINS2-EGR1-ECT2 prognostic model, which accurately predicted patient survival. Further, we screened Palbociclib/BIX-02189 which dampens GINS2 expression and synergistically inhibits glioma cell proliferation with TMZ. These findings delineate a novel mechanism by which GINS2 regulates the TMZ sensitivity of glioma cells and propose a promising combination therapy to treat glioma.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas , Glioma , Humanos , Temozolomida/uso terapêutico , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/genética , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Glioma/tratamento farmacológico , Glioma/genética , Glioma/metabolismo , Células Epiteliais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Encefálicas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Encefálicas/genética , Neoplasias Encefálicas/patologia , Antineoplásicos Alquilantes/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos Alquilantes/uso terapêutico , Proteína 1 de Resposta de Crescimento Precoce/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas/farmacologia , Proteínas Cromossômicas não Histona
6.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 11: 1352437, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38476380

RESUMO

Background: Valvular heart disease is a major health concern worldwide. The effective management of patients undergoing valve replacement determines their prognosis. Bibliometric analysis of studies on managing patients with artificial heart valves has not been previously performed. Methods: This study analyzed 2,771 publications related to patient management after valve replacement published in the Web of Science Core Collection database between January 1, 2013, and December 31, 2022. Bibliometric analysis was performed using CiteSpace and VOSviewer considering countries, institutions, authors, journals, references, and keywords. Results: The countries with the most significant contributions in this field were the United States of America (USA), Germany, and Italy. Leon MB from Columbia University, USA was the most influential author. Transcatheter aortic valve replacement was a current research hotspot, while anticoagulation management was a key area of interest. Combining anticoagulation therapy with internet-linked tools and portable health devices may offer new research avenues. Frailty assessment and intervention were potential future research areas. Conclusions: This bibliometric analysis provides clinicians and researchers with useful insights for developing novel ideas and directions to manage the health of patients undergoing valve replacement.

7.
Biomed Res Int ; 2024: 6509171, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38435540

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the menstrual characteristics of endometrial carcinoma and investigate whether abnormal uterine bleeding in the perimenopausal period differs from postmenopausal bleeding. Methods: We conducted a retrospective analysis of 928 cases of endometrial carcinoma in patients admitted from January 2016 to December 2022. We gathered fundamental clinical data and analyzed distinct clinical risk factors between the perimenopausal and postmenopausal groups. Furthermore, we computed the statistical variances in menarche, regular menstrual cycles, and the duration of abnormal uterine bleeding. Results: Perimenopausal patients with endometrial carcinoma exhibit similar factors to postmenopausal patients, especially if they have a history of menstrual cycles lasting more than 30 years, hypertension, abnormal uterine bleeding for over 1 year, and a high risk of endometrial carcinoma. Early intervention for abnormal uterine bleeding during the perimenopausal stage can prevent up to 80% of women from developing endometrial carcinoma. Conclusion: Perimenopause women experiencing abnormal uterine bleeding should be mindful of the risk of endometrial carcinoma, as this awareness can substantially decrease the occurrence of the disease.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Endométrio , Pós-Menopausa , Humanos , Feminino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias do Endométrio/complicações , Neoplasias do Endométrio/epidemiologia , Hemorragia Uterina , Intervenção Educacional Precoce
8.
Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open ; 12(2): e5579, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38313594

RESUMO

Background: The demand for soft tissue filler injections has experienced a significant increase in recent years. Therefore, this study used bibliometric analysis to identify prominent research areas and emerging trends within the field. Methods: Publications concerning research on soft tissue filler injections were collected from the Web of Science Core Collection database. Subsequently, VOSviewer 1.6.18 and CiteSpace 6.2.R4 software were used to analyze the co-authorship, co-occurrence, and citations of countries, institutions, authors, hotspot keywords, and journals associated with these studies. Results: A total of 1370 records pertaining to filler injection research conducted between 2000 and 2022 were identified. The United States (524 publications) emerged as the country with the highest number of publications in this field, with Mayo Clinic (37 publications) making the most substantial contribution. Dermatologic Surgery emerged as the leading journal in this field, publishing the highest number of research articles (151 publications) and also being the most frequently co-cited. Cotofana proved to be the most prolific author with 51 publications, and Lemperle emerged as the most frequently co-cited author with 628 citations (including total link strength: 6587). The most popular keywords, in descending order of popularity, were "dermal filler," "injection," "soft-tissue augmentation," "complications," and "hyaluronic acid." Conclusions: The findings of this study offer a comprehensive overview of the main directions in filler injection research. Furthermore, they underscore the imperative of intensifying efforts to prevent complications linked to filler injections.

9.
JMIR Mhealth Uhealth ; 12: e48716, 2024 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38180783

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Anticoagulation management can effectively prevent complications in patients undergoing cardiac valve replacement (CVR). The emergence of eHealth tools provides new prospects for the management of long-term anticoagulants. However, there is no comprehensive summary of the application of eHealth tools in anticoagulation management after CVR. OBJECTIVE: Our objective is to clarify the current state, trends, benefits, and challenges of using eHealth tools in the anticoagulation management of patients after CVR and provide future directions and recommendations for development in this field. METHODS: This scoping review follows the 5-step framework developed by Arksey and O'Malley. We searched 5 databases such as PubMed, MEDLINE, Web of Science, CINAHL, and Embase using keywords such as "eHealth," "anticoagulation," and "valve replacement." We included papers on the practical application of eHealth tools and excluded papers describing the underlying mechanisms for developing eHealth tools. The search time ranged from the database inception to March 1, 2023. The study findings were reported according to the PRISMA-ScR (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses extension for Scoping Reviews). Additionally, VOSviewer (version 1.6.18) was used to construct visualization maps of countries, institutions, authors, and keywords to investigate the internal relations of included literature and to explore research hotspots and frontiers. RESULTS: This study included 25 studies that fulfilled the criteria. There were 27,050 participants in total, with the sample size of the included studies ranging from 49 to 13,219. The eHealth tools mainly include computer-based support systems, electronic health records, telemedicine platforms, and mobile apps. Compared to traditional anticoagulation management, eHealth tools can improve time in therapeutic range and life satisfaction. However, there is no significant impact observed in terms of economic benefits and anticoagulation-related complications. Bibliometric analysis suggests the potential for increased collaboration and opportunities among countries and academic institutions. Italy had the widest cooperative relationships. Machine learning and artificial intelligence are the popular research directions in anticoagulation management. CONCLUSIONS: eHealth tools exhibit promise for clinical applications in anticoagulation management after CVR, with the potential to enhance postoperative rehabilitation. Further high-quality research is needed to explore the economic benefits of eHealth tools in long-term anticoagulant therapy and the potential to reduce the occurrence of adverse events.


Assuntos
Inteligência Artificial , Bibliometria , Humanos , Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Sistemas Computacionais , Valvas Cardíacas
10.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-1016391

RESUMO

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most common malignant tumors recorded worldwide. This condition has high morbidity and mortality and seriously endangers people's health. Traditional diagnostic models fail to meet people's current needs for real-time monitoring of tumors. Compared with traditional detection methods, ctDNA detection is not only noninvasive but can also attain real-time detection of comprehensive genomic information of tumors. The advancement of detection technology has gradually highlighted the potential of ctDNA detection in the clinical treatment of CRC. This article reviews the advancements on the clinical application of ctDNA in early screening, minimal residual disease detection, and guidance on individualized treatment of CRC patients.

11.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-1013520

RESUMO

@#[摘 要] 目的:基于GINS家族成员在胶质瘤组织中表达水平对其分型,探究此分型预测胶质瘤患者的预后、免疫治疗疗效的有效性,采用TCMOI数据库虚拟筛选可靶向GINS的中药小分子。方法:数据库分析GINS基因组学、胶质瘤组织中差异表达基因与患者预后的关系,基于GINS家族成员基因表达对胶质瘤进行分型并分析各亚型的预后情况,数据库数据分析各亚型中的基因突变、基因富集、肿瘤纯度和免疫细胞浸润评分,以及与GINS2可能相互作用的中药小分子,最后用qPCR法检测中国人胶质瘤组织中GINS1~4 mRNA的表达水平以验证其与数据库数据的一致性。结果:GINS家族各成员间的基因、蛋白结构和功能相似,胶质瘤组织中GINS家族成员呈高表达且与患者不良预后密切相关(P<0.05),基于GINS家族成员在胶质瘤组织中表达水平的S1、S2亚型分类能较好地预测胶质瘤患者的预后,S1亚型主要突变基因为CDKN2A/B、EGFR、PTEN而S2亚型的突变基因为IDH1、TP53和ATRX,GINS家族可能通过调控免疫微环境影响胶质瘤患者预后,CD276和CX3CL1可能是S1亚型胶质瘤患者实施免疫治疗的潜在靶点,CHEMBL66033、266935、293914、436859、1594881可能是潜在的靶向GINS2的中药小分子。结论:基于GINS家族构建的胶质瘤分子分型有助于识别更适合免疫治疗的高风险患者,筛选出的中药小分子可为胶质瘤患者分子靶向治疗和免疫治疗提供参考。

12.
Small ; : e2307216, 2023 Dec 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38078782

RESUMO

Phosphors with narrow-band green emissions and high photoluminescent quantum efficiency (PLQY) are significantly required for backlighting displays with wider color gamut. In this work, two centimeter-sized manganese (II) halide single crystals TMG2 MnCl4 and TMG2 MnBr4 (TMG = 1,1,3,3-tetramethylguanidine) are synthesized, exhibiting bright narrow-band green emissions with high PLQYs up to 62% and 90%, respectively. The narrow-band green light emission is located at 520 nm with a full-width at half-maximum (FWHM) of only 57 nm. The photoluminescence mechanisms of two single crystals are elaborated. Two white-light-emitting diodes for backlighting displays (BD-WLEDs) based on them are fabricated, exhibiting the widest color gamut of 122% National Television Standards Committee (NTSC), and a luminous efficacy reached ≈93 lm W-1 with excellent luminescence stability at high temperatures. These properties indicate the potential applications of tetrahedral manganese (II) hybrids in wide-color gamut backlighting displays.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38059138

RESUMO

Objectives: Allergic rhinitis (AR) refers to a form of respiratory inflammation that mainly affects the sinonasal mucosa. The purpose of this study was to explore the level of immune cell infiltration and the pathogenesis of AR. Methods: We performed a comprehensive analysis of two gene expression profiles (GSE50223 and GSE50101, a total of 30 patients with AR and 31 healthy controls). CIBERSORT was used to evaluate the immune cell infiltration levels. Weighted gene coexpression network analysis was applied to explore potential genes or gene modules related to immune status, and enrichment analyses including gene ontology, Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes, gene set enrichment analysis, and gene set variation analysis, were performed to analyze the potential mechanisms in AR. A protein-protein interaction network was constructed to investigate the hub genes, and consensus clustering was conducted to identify the molecular subtypes of AR. Results: Compared to the healthy controls, patients with AR had high abundance levels and proportions of CD4+ memory-activated T cells. One hundred and eight immune-related differentially expressed genes were identified. Enrichment analysis suggested that AR was mainly related to leukocyte cell-cell adhesion, cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction, T-cell activation, and T-cell receptor signaling pathway. Ten hub genes, including TYROBP, CSF1R, TLR8, FCER1G, SPI1, ITGAM, CYBB, FCGR2A, CCR1, and HCK, which were related to immune response, might be crucial to the pathogenesis of AR. Three molecular subtypes with significantly different immune statuses were identified. Conclusion: This study improves our understanding of the molecular mechanisms in AR via comprehensive strategies and provides potential diagnostic biomarkers and therapeutic targets of AR.

14.
MedComm (2020) ; 4(6): e449, 2023 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38098610

RESUMO

Lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) is the most common form of lung cancer, with a consistently low 5-year survival rate. Therefore, we aim to identify key genes involved in LUAD progression to pave the way for targeted therapies in the future. BDH1 plays a critical role in the conversion between acetoacetate and ß-hydroxybutyrate. The presence of ß-hydroxybutyrate is essential for initiating lysine ß-hydroxybutyrylation (Kbhb) modifications. Histone Kbhb at the H3K9 site is attributed to transcriptional activation. We unveiled that ß-hydroxybutyrate dehydrogenase 1 (BDH1) is not only conspicuously overexpressed in LUAD, but it also modulates the overall intracellular Kbhb modification levels. The RNA sequencing analysis revealed leucine-rich repeat-containing protein 31 (LRRC31) as a downstream target gene regulated by BDH1. Ecologically expressed BDH1 hinders the accumulation of H3K9bhb in the transcription start site of LRRC31, consequently repressing the transcriptional expression of LRRC31. Furthermore, we identified potential BDH1 inhibitors, namely pimozide and crizotinib, which exhibit a synergistic inhibitory effect on the proliferation of LUAD cells exhibiting high expression of BDH1. In summary, this study elucidates the molecular mechanism by which BDH1 mediates LUAD progression through the H3K9bhb/LRRC31 axis and proposes a therapeutic strategy targeting BDH1-high-expressing LUAD, providing a fresh perspective for LUAD treatment.

15.
PLoS One ; 18(11): e0293073, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38033048

RESUMO

Droughts and prevailing arid conditions have a significant impacts on the natural environment, agriculture, and human life. To analyze the regional characteristics of drought in Baluchistan province, the aridity index (AI) and standardized potential evapotranspiration index (SPEI) were used in. The study analyzed the rainfall, temperature, and potential evapotranspiration (PET) data and the same were used for the calculation of AI as well as SPEI to find out the drought spells during the study period. The linear regression and Mann-Kendall test were applied to calculate the trend in AI as well as in SPEI results. The AI results revealed that most of the meteorological stations are arid and semi-arid, where the highest increasing aridity is noted at Kalat (0.0065/year). The results of the SPEI at 1 and 6-months identified the extreme to severe drought spell during 1998-2002 in all meteorological stations of Baluchistan province. The distinct drought spells identified from the SPEI results were in the years 1998-2003, 2006-2010, 2015-2016 and 2019. The drought frequency results showed highest frequency percentage at Lasbella (46%) of extreme to severe drought. The Mann-Kendall trend results showed negative trend in monthly AI and 1-month SPEI results and most significant trend was observed in April and October months, this shows that aridity and drought in the region are decreasing to some extent except Dalbandin and Lasbella observed increasing trend in winter season (November to January months) and Kalat met-station observed increasing trend in June. Prior investigation and planning of drought situations can help in controlling the far-reaching consequences on environment and human society.


Assuntos
Secas , Meteorologia , Humanos , Paquistão , Estações do Ano , Temperatura
16.
BMC Med ; 21(1): 388, 2023 10 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37814306

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors (DPP-4i) have become firmly established in treatment algorithms and national guidelines for improving glycemic control in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).To report the findings from a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled phase 3 clinical trial, which was designed to assess the efficacy and safety of a novel DPP-4 inhibitor fotagliptin in treatment-naive patients with T2DM. METHODS: Patients with T2DM were randomized to receive fotagliptin (n = 230), alogliptin (n = 113) or placebo (n = 115) at a 2:1:1 ratio for 24 weeks of double-blind treatment period, followed by an open-label treatment period, making up a total of 52 weeks. The primary efficacy endpoint was to determine the superiority of fotagliptin over placebo in the change of HbA1c from baseline to Week 24. All serious or significant adverse events were recorded. RESULTS: After 24 weeks, mean decreases in HbA1c from baseline were -0.70% for fotagliptin, -0.72% for alogliptin and -0.26% for placebo. Estimated mean treatment differences in HbA1c were -0.44% (95% confidence interval [CI]: -0.62% to -0.27%) for fotagliptin versus placebo, and -0.46% (95% CI: -0.67% to -0.26%) for alogliptin versus placebo, and 0.02% (95%CI: -0.16% to 0.19%; upper limit of 95%CI < margin of 0.4%) for fotagliptin versus alogliptin. So fotagliptin was non-inferior to alogliptin. Compared with subjects with placebo (15.5%), significantly more patients with fotagliptin (37.0%) and alogliptin (35.5%) achieved HbA1c < 7.0% after 24 weeks of treatment. During the whole 52 weeks of treatment, the overall incidence of hypoglycemia was low for both of the fotagliptin and alogliptin groups (1.0% each). No drug-related serious adverse events were observed in any treatment group. CONCLUSIONS: In summary, the study demonstrated improvement in glycemic control and a favorable safety profile for fotagliptin in treatment-naive patients with T2DM. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrail.gov NCT05782192.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Inibidores da Dipeptidil Peptidase IV , Humanos , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/tratamento farmacológico , Hemoglobinas Glicadas , Glicemia , Hipoglicemiantes/efeitos adversos , Inibidores da Dipeptidil Peptidase IV/efeitos adversos , Método Duplo-Cego , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Adv Healthc Mater ; 12(32): e2301480, 2023 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37709294

RESUMO

Breast cancer is characterized by an acidic micro-environment. Acidic extracellular pH gives cancer cells an evolutionary advantage, hence, neutralization of the extracellular pH has been considered as a potential therapeutic strategy. To address the issue of systemic pH alteration, an approach based on the targeted delivery of the buffering solution to the tumor region is investigated. The method relies on the use of low frequency ultrasound and sono-sensitive liposomes loaded with buffers at alkaline pH (LipHUS). After the i.v. injection of LipHUS, the application of ultrasound (US) at the sites of the pathology induces a local increase of pH that results highly effective in i) inhibiting primary tumor growth, ii) reducing tumor recurrence after surgery, and iii) suppressing metastases' formation. The experiments are carried out on a triple negative breast cancer mouse model. The results obtained demonstrate that localized and triggered release of bicarbonate or PBS buffer from sonosensitive liposomes represents an efficient therapeutic tool for treating triple-negative breast cancer. This approach holds promise for potential clinical translation.


Assuntos
Lipossomos , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas , Humanos , Camundongos , Animais , Lipossomos/química , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/patologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Resultado do Tratamento , Microambiente Tumoral
18.
Neurol Ther ; 12(4): 1385-1398, 2023 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37195410

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: This prospective observational study with a control group aimed to compare the plasma levels of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) LIPCAR between patients with acute cerebral infarction (ACI) and healthy controls, and to assess the prognostic abilities of LIPCAR for adverse outcomes of patients with ACI at 1-year follow-up. METHODS: Eighty patients with ACI, of whom 40 had large artery atherosclerosis (LAA) and 40 had cardioembolism (CE) and who were hospitalized at Xi'an No. 1 Hospital from July 2019 to June 2020, were selected as the case group. Age- and sex-matched non-stroke patients from the same hospital throughout the same time period were chosen as the control group. Real-time quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction was used to measure the levels of plasma lncRNA LIPCAR. The correlations of LIPCAR expression among the LAA, CE, and control groups were assessed using Spearman's correlation analysis. Curve fitting and multivariate logistic regression were used to analyze the LIPCAR levels and 1-year adverse outcomes of patients with ACI and its subtypes. RESULTS: The expression of plasma LIPCAR in the case group was noticeably higher than that of the control group (2.42 ± 1.49 vs. 1.00 ± 0.47, p < 0.001). Patients with CE had considerably higher levels of LIPCAR expression than those with LAA. The National Institute of Health Stroke Scale score and modified Rankin scale score on admission were significantly positively correlated with LIPCAR expression in patients with CE and LAA. Furthermore, the correlation was stronger in patients with CE than in those with LAA, with correlation coefficients of 0.69 and 0.64, respectively. Curve fitting revealed a non-linear correlation between LIPCAR expression levels, 1-year recurrent stroke, all-cause mortalities, and poor prognoses, with a cut-off value of 2.2. CONCLUSION: The expression level of lncRNA LIPCAR may play a potential role in the identification of neurological impairment and CE subtype in patients with ACI. Increased 1-year risk of adverse outcomes may be associated with high levels of LIPCAR expression.


Acute cerebral infarction is the second-leading cause of death worldwide. Therefore, available diagnostic and prognostic tools are of the utmost importance. It is easy to acquire hematologic biomarkers and to provide direct information related to the severity of brain injury and the risk of stroke. However, it has been shown that the study of hematologic markers in aspects of both identifying stroke subtypes and predicting neurological impairment are still few and imperfect in clinical application of stroke prognosis. The long non-coding RNA LIPCAR plays an important role in the pathophysiology of cardiovascular disease. Nonetheless, to date, no exploration has been carried out on the correlation between lncRNA LIPCAR, severity on admission, and prognosis of stroke subtypes. Thus, this study aimed to investigate the plasma levels of lncRNA LIPCAR expression and their correlations in patients with acute cerebral infarction and its subtypes. Our results show that the plasma levels of LIPCAR expression of the patients with acute cerebral infarction were noticeably higher than those of the non-stroke control patients. Patients with cardioembolism subtype had considerably higher levels of LIPCAR expression than those with large artery atherosclerosis. The National Institute of Health Stroke Scale score and modified Rankin scale score on admission were significantly correlated with LIPCAR expression in patients with cardioembolism and large artery atherosclerosis; the correlation was stronger in patients with cardioembolism than in patients with large artery atherosclerosis, with correlation coefficients of 0.69 and 0.64, respectively. Furthermore, curve fitting revealed a non-linear correlation between LIPCAR expression levels and 1-year outcome events. The expression level of lncRNA LIPCAR may play a potential role in the identification of neurological impairment and cardioembolism subtype in patients with acute cerebral infarction.

19.
Patient Prefer Adherence ; 17: 1311-1321, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37255948

RESUMO

Background: The Chinese population is aging, and chronic non-communicable diseases (NCDs) prevalence is correspondingly increasing, along with associated disability and healthcare costs. Although self-management has been associated with social support and is a recognized priority, its mediating variables have not been studied in detail, particularly among old people with chronic diseases. Purpose: To examine the mediating role of e-health literacy and general self-efficacy in the relationship between social support and self-management of chronic NCDs in Chinese community home-based aging institution residents. Patients and Methods: A random sample of 289 community home-based aging institution elders (≥60 years) with chronic NCDs in China was recruited. Questionnaire data were recorded on self-reported socio-demographics, self-management, social support, e-health literacy, and general self-efficacy. Pearson's correlation analysis identified the relationship between these factors and self-management. Serial multiple mediation model was used to test the hypothesized relationships. Results: The self-management mean (±SD) score was 29.39 ± 9.60, and the level of self-management was medium. Social support (r = 0.283; P < 0.001), e-health literacy (r = 0.566; P < 0.001), and general self-efficacy (r = 0.477; P < 0.001) were positively associated with self-management. Furthermore, social support indirectly influenced self-management through three pathways: independent mediation of e-health literacy (effect = 0.234, P < 0.001), independent mediation of general self-efficacy (effect = 0.515, P < 0.001), and chain mediation of e-health literacy and general self-efficacy (effect = 0.075, P < 0.001). Conclusion: In Chinese community home-based aging institution elders, the relationship between self-reported self-management and social support is positively affected by the independent mediating effect of e-health literacy and general self-efficacy and the serial mediating effect of e-health literacy and general self-efficacy. Targeted self-management programs for elders with chronic NCDs have theoretical support, which could improve the health status and quality of life in this population.

20.
World J Pediatr ; 19(11): 1094-1103, 2023 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37115484

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pediatric sepsis is a complicated condition characterized by life-threatening organ failure resulting from a dysregulated host response to infection in children. It is associated with high rates of morbidity and mortality, and rapid detection and administration of antimicrobials have been emphasized. The objective of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic biomarkers of pediatric sepsis and the function of immune cell infiltration in the development of this illness. METHODS: Three gene expression datasets were available from the Gene Expression Omnibus collection. First, the differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were found with the use of the R program, and then gene set enrichment analysis was carried out. Subsequently, the DEGs were combined with the major module genes chosen using the weighted gene co-expression network. The hub genes were identified by the use of three machine-learning algorithms: random forest, support vector machine-recursive feature elimination, and least absolute shrinkage and selection operator. The receiver operating characteristic curve and nomogram model were used to verify the discrimination and efficacy of the hub genes. In addition, the inflammatory and immune status of pediatric sepsis was assessed using cell-type identification by estimating relative subsets of RNA transcripts (CIBERSORT). The relationship between the diagnostic markers and infiltrating immune cells was further studied. RESULTS: Overall, after overlapping key module genes and DEGs, we detected 402 overlapping genes. As pediatric sepsis diagnostic indicators, CYSTM1 (AUC = 0.988), MMP8 (AUC = 0.973), and CD177 (AUC = 0.986) were investigated and demonstrated statistically significant differences (P < 0.05) and diagnostic efficacy in the validation set. As indicated by the immune cell infiltration analysis, multiple immune cells may be involved in the development of pediatric sepsis. Additionally, all diagnostic characteristics may correlate with immune cells to varying degrees. CONCLUSIONS: The candidate hub genes (CD177, CYSTM1, and MMP8) were identified, and the nomogram was constructed for pediatric sepsis diagnosis. Our study could provide potential peripheral blood diagnostic candidate genes for pediatric sepsis patients.


Assuntos
Metaloproteinase 8 da Matriz , Sepse , Humanos , Criança , Sepse/diagnóstico , Sepse/genética , Biologia Computacional , Aprendizado de Máquina , Biomarcadores
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