Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 26
Filtrar
1.
J Cogn Psychother ; 38(2): 169-184, 2024 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38631715

RESUMO

Cognitive fusion occurs when people experience their thoughts as literally true and allow them to dictate behavior. Fusion has been shown to be associated with increased symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression; however, the association between change in cognitive fusion, PTSD, and depression symptoms has been relatively uninvestigated. Our study aims to examine the associations between PTSD, depression symptoms, and cognitive fusion in Canadian veterans from pre- to post-treatment. Clients (N = 287) completed measures of PTSD symptom severity, depression symptom severity, and cognitive fusion at pre- and post-treatment. Our results supported that pretreatment PTSD and depression symptom severity were found to be negatively associated with changes in pre- to post-treatment cognitive fusion, while pretreatment cognitive fusion was not associated with changes in depression or PTSD symptoms. Furthermore, pretreatment depression symptoms predicted pre- to post-treatment changes in PTSD symptoms. However, pretreatment PTSD symptoms did not predict changes in depression symptoms. These findings highlight the importance of understanding the bidirectional associations between PTSD, depression, and cognitive fusion. Furthermore, our results are indicative of PTSD and depression symptoms playing a role in the change in cognitive fusion (e.g., defusion) and of depression playing a larger role in the maintenance of PTSD symptoms. Theoretical and practical implications are discussed.

2.
J Couns Psychol ; 71(2): 115-125, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38376931

RESUMO

The desire to die by suicide has been linked with interpersonal difficulties and impeded clinical outcomes. Despite the emphasis on the therapeutic relationship in clinical guidelines for working with suicidal clients, little is known about how suicidal clients' interpersonal difficulties manifest in clinical contexts. Additionally, there is limited understanding of the therapeutic relationship in single-session suicidal crisis contexts. Our aim was to examine the trajectory of the therapeutic bond in mediating clients' suicidal desire and outcome in single-session suicidal crisis intervention. Single-session online text-based crisis intervention sessions (N = 354; Mage = 29.43, SD = 9.15; 64.5% women) were coded for suicidal desire, therapeutic bond (each quarter), and outcome. We examined the proposed sequential mediating model (suicidal desire to early bond to bond change to outcome) using structural equation modeling. The proposed sequential mediation model fits the data well, χ2(11) = 22.030, p = .0241, root-mean-square error of approximation = .053, 90% CI [.019, .085], comparative fit index = .983, Tucker-Lewis index = .977, and was a better fit than several alternative models. Further, the indirect effect from suicidal desire to outcome through early bond and bond change was significant (b = -0.474, 99% CI [-0.782, -0.203]). Our findings indicate that therapeutic bonds were beneficial for clients with elevated suicidal desire-and-elevated suicidal desire was negatively associated with therapeutic bonds. These findings highlight the importance of training clinicians to navigate the unique challenges of developing therapeutic bonds with acutely suicidal clients. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2024 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Ideação Suicida , Suicídio , Feminino , Humanos , Adulto , Masculino , Bases de Dados Factuais , Análise de Classes Latentes
3.
Psychotherapy (Chic) ; 61(1): 1-30, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38206866

RESUMO

Sexual and gender minorities (SGM) experience higher rates of psychological distress and seek psychotherapy at higher rates compared to their heterosexual and cisgender counterparts. However, few therapists are trained on how to provide effective psychotherapy with SGM clients. The multicultural orientation (MCO) framework, which has been linked to improved therapeutic processes and outcomes, may be a valuable tool for working with SGM clients. The primary aim of this systematic review was to link the MCO framework to existing empirical psychotherapy research with SGM clients. A secondary aim was to examine how MCO constructs that we identified within the SGM literature have been associated with therapeutic processes and outcomes with SGM clients. A systematic search of five databases yielded 61 studies that were included in the review. Framework analysis was used to extract data and identify themes and subthemes related to MCO constructs from included studies. Results of the review demonstrate how the MCO framework can be used to conceptualize psychotherapy with SGM clients and-using the MCO framework-highlight potential beneficial and harmful therapist qualities and actions when working with SGM clients. Implications for future research and psychotherapy practice with SGM clients are discussed. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2024 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Psicoterapia , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero , Humanos , Diversidade Cultural
4.
Crisis ; 45(1): 18-25, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37278001

RESUMO

Background: While crisis intervention frameworks have indicated the importance of clients in suicidal crisis better understanding their distress to decrease suicidality, it is unclear how clients in suicidal crisis process their distress. Aims: To develop (Study 1) and validate (Study 2) a sequential distress-processing model for clients in suicidal crisis. Methods: Applying task analysis, Study 1 consisted of three phases, which resulted in a theoretically and empirically informed model. In Study 2, we examined the distress-processing model's validity using a longitudinal design. In both studies, data were online crisis chats with adults in suicidal crisis. Results: In Study 1, we developed a sequential five-stage distress-processing model: (Stage 1) unengaged with distress, (Stage 2) distress awareness, (Stage 3) distress clarity, (Stage 4) distress insight, and (Stage 5) applying distress insight. In Study 2, the model's validity was supported via evidence that (H1) progression through the processing stages was sequential and (H2) clients with good outcomes had greater progression in their processing than clients with poor outcomes. Limitation: Clients who were suicidal but did not disclose their suicidality were not included. Conclusion: Our findings provide a framework for conceptualizing and operationalizing how clients move through suicidal crises, which can facilitate intervention and research developments.


Assuntos
Intervenção na Crise , Ideação Suicida , Adulto , Humanos , Intervenção na Crise/métodos
5.
J Trauma Stress ; 36(3): 567-578, 2023 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36991577

RESUMO

Talking with others about traumatic experiences (i.e., trauma disclosure) has been associated with increased posttraumatic growth (PTG). Although this association indicates the value of disclosing, there is evidence that external pressure to disclose can hinder the benefits of trauma disclosure. The aim of the current study was to examine the influence of pressure to disclose on the association between trauma disclosure and PTG. People who had experienced a traumatic event and disclosed their trauma to a close other were recruited using Amazon's Mechanical Turk (N = 208). Participants completed measures of trauma exposure, trauma disclosure, pressure to disclose, PTG, posttraumatic stress symptoms, and response to disclosure. The results indicated that the linear association between trauma disclosure and PTG was quadratically moderated by pressure to disclose, ηp 2 = .025. Pressure to disclose strengthened the positive association between trauma disclosure and PTG from low, B = 0.818 (SE = 0.267), to moderate levels of pressure, B = 2.109 (SE = 0.471). However, when pressure was high, the association between disclosure and PTG was not significant, B = -1.19 (SE = 1.327). These findings indicate that a moderate amount of pressure to disclose may facilitate the positive impact of disclosure on PTG, yet a high amount of pressure may impede the positive association between disclosure and PTG. This research furthers understanding of the nuances of trauma disclosure and how close others' involvement in disclosure can impact the process of PTG for trauma survivors.


Assuntos
Crescimento Psicológico Pós-Traumático , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos , Humanos , Revelação , Emoções , Sobreviventes , Adaptação Psicológica
6.
Psychodyn Psychiatry ; 51(1): 114-123, 2023 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36867187

RESUMO

Introduction: Patients with avoidant personality disorder (AvPD) pathology tend to have poor prognosis in psychotherapy, yet there has been little research conducted to better understand why their outcomes are limited, making it difficult to improve treatments for them. Expressive suppression is a dysfunctional emotion regulation strategy that may exacerbate avoidant tendencies, further complicating the therapeutic process. Methods: Using data from a naturalistic study (N = 34) of a group-based day treatment program, we examined whether there was an interactive effect of AvPD symptoms and expressive suppression on treatment outcome. Results: Findings revealed a significant moderating effect of expressive suppression on the association between AvPD symptoms and treatment outcome. The outcome for patients with more severe AvPD symptoms was particularly poor when they engaged in high levels of expressive suppression. Discussion: The findings suggest that the combination of significant AvPD pathology and high expressive suppression is associated with poorer responsiveness to treatment.


Assuntos
Transtornos da Personalidade , Psicoterapia , Humanos
7.
J Ment Health ; 32(1): 24-32, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33084445

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Theorized to stem from experiences of childhood emotional neglect, narcissistic vulnerability has been identified as contributing to expressions of psychiatric distress such as depressive and anxiety symptoms, particularly due to shame-proneness. AIMS: To investigate narcissistic vulnerability and shame as mediators between perceived childhood emotional neglect and depressive and generalized anxiety symptoms among psychiatric outpatients. METHODS: Adults (N = 137) attending community mental health services completed self-report measures at intake. Mediation analyses tested the indirect effect of perceived emotional neglect on depressive and generalized anxiety symptom severity through narcissistic vulnerability; shame was added to subsequent models to examine narcissistic vulnerability and shame as sequential mediators. RESULTS: Perceived emotional neglect was significantly associated with narcissistic vulnerability, which in turn was linked with depressive and generalized anxiety symptoms as separate dependent variables. Indirect effects were significant in each model, indicating narcissistic vulnerability as a significant mediator. With the inclusion of shame, narcissistic vulnerability and shame were significant as sequential mediators. CONCLUSION: Narcissistic vulnerability and shame may operate as mechanisms in conferring affective symptom severity from perceived childhood emotional neglect. Narcissistic vulnerability and susceptibility to shame may thus be important treatment targets when addressing psychological distress in the context of childhood adversity.


Assuntos
Saúde Mental , Pacientes Ambulatoriais , Adulto , Humanos , Vergonha , Ansiedade , Narcisismo
8.
Suicide Life Threat Behav ; 51(6): 1224-1234, 2021 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34585764

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Crisis counselors' active listening and collaborative problem-solving helping styles have been associated with outcomes for clients in suicidal crises. These associations have been based on static conceptualizations of helping (i.e., helping style for the entire session). Our aim was to further understand how the crisis counseling helping process unfolds (i.e., helping trajectory) and helping trajectories' association with clients' outcomes. METHODS: Online crisis chats (N = 269) with suicidal adults were coded for crisis counselors' helping styles (i.e., active listening and collaborative problem-solving) and clients' outcomes (i.e., resolved or unresolved). Each talk-turn was coded for helping style, which were used to examine helping-style trajectories. RESULTS: Growth-curve models indicated that helping styles varied over the course of chats and that helping trajectories were different for resolved and unresolved chats. In resolved chats, helping styles moved from primarily active listening to primarily problem-solving-with a deceleration in the middle of chats. In unresolved chats, helping initially moved from primarily active listening to primarily problem-solving, but this trajectory decelerated in the middle of chats and then turned back toward primarily active listening. CONCLUSION: Our findings demonstrate that how the helping process unfolds is related to clients' outcomes. Implications for practice and research are discussed.


Assuntos
Intervenção na Crise , Ideação Suicida , Adulto , Humanos , Resolução de Problemas
9.
Front Psychol ; 12: 679639, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34234718

RESUMO

Background: Loneliness, the painful affective state that reflects perceived deficits in social relationships, is a significant health issue requiring further understanding. Individual differences in awareness and disclosure of emotional concerns may contribute to loneliness, and may do so diversely according to gender and age. The present study examined a hypothesized mediation pathway from emotional awareness abilities to loneliness through distress concealment, with moderation by gender and age, in a sample of adults attending outpatient mental health services. Methods: In a cross-sectional study design, 244 patients attending Canadian community mental health clinics completed study assessments at the commencement of care. Conditional process modeling examined interactions between gender and age and both emotional awareness and distress concealment in mediation models predicting loneliness. Results: A significant three-way interaction between gender, age, and distress concealment was observed, along with significant conditional moderated mediation. The indirect effect of emotional awareness on loneliness through the mediating effect of distress concealment was significant for young- and mid-adulthood men, but not for women or older men. Limitations: The study was limited by exclusive use of self-report assessment, and cross-sectional design precluding representation of causal sequencing over time. Conclusion: Findings suggest the pathway to loneliness from reduced emotional awareness through distress concealment to be particularly salient for younger men. Thus, intervention targeting restricted awareness and disclosure of emotional concerns should be considered in helping young men to address the pain of loneliness.

10.
J Clin Psychol ; 77(1): 329-339, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32738186

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE(S): Interpersonal problems are one of the most persistent difficulties facing those with personality disorders (PDs) and are linked with dysfunction across numerous social domains. Using an interpersonal model of PDs, we examined the indirect effects of Avoidant PD (AvPD) symptoms and social dysfunction through interpersonal problems, as well as Borderline PD (BPD) symptoms and social dysfunction. METHODS: Participants were 226 adults taking part in an outpatient treatment program. RESULTS: Using cross-sectional data from self-reported measures, we found that cold (b = 0.10, 95% confidence interval (CI) [0.038, 0.176]) and overly nurturant (b = 0.04, 95% CI [0.001, 0.090]) interpersonal problems showed an indirect association between AvPD symptoms and social dysfunction. The only significant indirect association between BPD symptoms and social dysfunction was overly nurturant (b = 0.05, 95% CI [0.001, 0.120]). CONCLUSIONS: Results may aid in the development of more individualized treatments for AvPD and BPD symptoms.


Assuntos
Transtorno da Personalidade Borderline , Adulto , Transtorno da Personalidade Borderline/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Relações Interpessoais , Transtornos da Personalidade , Autorrelato , Comportamento Social
11.
J Affect Disord ; 272: 318-325, 2020 07 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32553373

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: While there is some evidence that patients with elevated depression symptoms experience greater benefits from negative-affect expression, this amplifying effect has not been investigated within a psychotherapeutic context. This is particularly notable considering the substantial evidence linking affect expression with desired outcomes across psychotherapeutic approaches. The primary purpose of the present study was to investigate if depression symptoms amplified (i.e., moderated) the association between negative-affect expression and reductions in interpersonal problems for patients in a psychiatric day treatment for personality disorders. The secondary purpose was to investigate milieu (i.e., other patients concurrently enrolled) negative-affect intensity and its association with patients' reductions in interpersonal problems. METHODS: Participants (N = 239) were patients consecutively admitted into a psychiatric day treatment program for people with personality disorders. Patients completed measures of (1) depression symptoms at pre-treatment, (2) interpersonal problems at pre- and post-treatment, and (3) negative-affect expression each week of treatment. RESULTS: The association between patient negative-affect expression and reductions in interpersonal problems was amplified by depression symptoms. Depression symptoms also amplified the association between milieu negative-affect intensity and reductions in interpersonal problems. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings indicate that depression symptoms amplified the therapeutic value of negative-affect expression and amplified the value of an affectively intense milieu. Practical and theoretical implications are discussed.


Assuntos
Depressão , Transtornos da Personalidade , Depressão/terapia , Humanos , Relações Interpessoais , Transtornos da Personalidade/terapia , Psicoterapia
12.
J Nerv Ment Dis ; 208(6): 510-513, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32472812

RESUMO

Men's tendency to conceal their distress has been linked with increased depressive symptoms. Although interpersonal connectedness has been associated with distress concealment and depression, it is unclear how connectedness mediates this association. The aim of the present study was to examine the mediating effects of feeling understood and loneliness-two facets of interpersonal connectedness-in the association between distress concealment and depressive symptoms in men. A sample of 530 Canadian men was selected based on age- and region-stratification that reflects the national population. Participants completed measures of depression symptoms, distress concealment, loneliness, and feeling understood. Mediation analyses were conducted. Results supported a sequential mediation model: concealing distress was associated with not feeling understood, not feeling understood was associated with loneliness, and loneliness was associated with depressive symptoms. These findings shed light on how distress concealment is associated with depressive symptoms among men. Implications for practice and theory are discussed.


Assuntos
Adaptação Psicológica , Depressão/psicologia , Solidão/psicologia , Homens , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia , Adulto , Canadá , Compreensão , Humanos , Relações Interpessoais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos Psicológicos
13.
Personal Ment Health ; 14(2): 227-239, 2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32056384

RESUMO

Individuals with borderline personality disorder (BPD) often experience deficits in social role functioning, which encompasses the ability to adhere to socially defined rules and norms of behaviour. Additionally, research suggests that coping styles influence the way individuals with BPD manage stress and that symptom presentation and functioning in individuals with BPD vary across genders. This study sought to explore these variables via moderated mediation, investigating the mediating influence of coping styles on the association between BPD symptoms and social role dysfunction and if these associations were further moderated by gender. Participants (N = 233) were outpatients attending a programme for personality dysfunction. Participants completed measures of BPD symptoms, coping styles and social role dysfunction. Moderated mediation indicated that for women, emotion-oriented coping and social diversion-oriented coping mediated the association between BPD symptoms and social dysfunction. While BPD symptoms were positively associated with emotion coping, which was positively associated with social role dysfunction, BPD symptoms were negatively associated with social diversion coping, which was negatively associated with social role dysfunction. For men, coping did not mediate the association between BPD symptoms and social role dysfunction. Our findings may indicate that social support and a healthy social network may play an important part in the ongoing social role functioning of women with BPD. From this, potential early therapeutic interventions targeting safe social engagement in times of stress may decrease the pervasive and persistent nature of social dysfunction in BPD. © 2020 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.


Assuntos
Adaptação Psicológica/fisiologia , Transtorno da Personalidade Borderline/fisiopatologia , Emoções/fisiologia , Funcionamento Psicossocial , Papel (figurativo) , Rede Social , Habilidades Sociais , Apoio Social , Adulto , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores Sexuais
14.
Early Interv Psychiatry ; 14(2): 241-246, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31692268

RESUMO

AIM: While childhood adversity is a known risk for depressive symptoms, little is known about the contributing role of individuation difficulties among young adults. The present study examined individuation difficulties and perceived social support-and their interaction-as moderators of the relationship between childhood adversity exposure and depressive symptoms. METHODS: Young adults (N = 119; M = 20.8 years) completed self-report assessments of childhood adversity, depressive symptoms, individuation difficulties, and perceived social support. Regression analyses were used to examine interaction effects regarding depressive symptom severity. RESULTS: A significant moderated moderation effect was found whereby individuation difficulties interacted with adversity exposure as perceived social support was reduced. Thus, at high levels of individuation difficulties, young adults with exposure to childhood adversity reported elevated depressive symptoms. This effect was buffered by social support such that when individuation difficulties were high, the association between adversity and depressive symptoms decreased from low to moderate and high support. CONCLUSION: Individuation difficulties and social support are important factors in the development of depressive symptoms from exposure to childhood adversity among young adults.


Assuntos
Sobreviventes Adultos de Maus-Tratos Infantis/psicologia , Depressão/diagnóstico , Individuação , Apoio Social , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Autorrelato , Adulto Jovem
15.
Child Abuse Negl ; 98: 104233, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31669776

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) have been linked with an increased tendency to experience self-conscious emotions (i.e., shame- and guilt-proneness). Further, interpersonal problems have been associated with ACEs and are implicated in the maintenance of shameand guilt-proneness. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to better understand the interpersonal pathways through which ACEs are associated with shame- and guilt-proneness. METHOD: A community sample (N = 249) completed measures of ACEs, interpersonal problems, and shame- and guilt-proneness. RESULTS: Interpersonal problems mediated the association between ACEs and shame-proneness and ACEs and guilt-proneness. Multiple mediation models revealed that-when controlling for the other types of interpersonal problems-(a) interpersonal sensitivity was the only significant mediator between ACEs and shame-proneness and (b) interpersonal sensitivity and interpersonal aggression mediated the association between ACEs and guiltproneness. CONCLUSIONS: These findings highlight the importance of interpersonal pathways in the association between shame- and guilt-proneness. Theoretical and practical implications are discussed.


Assuntos
Experiências Adversas da Infância , Culpa , Relações Interpessoais , Vergonha , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Agressão , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Análise dos Mínimos Quadrados , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem
16.
Int J Eat Disord ; 52(3): 283-291, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30701590

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: While stage of change has been shown to be a robust predictor of eating disorder treatment outcome, little attention has been paid to the role of confidence. This study sought to better understand the role of confidence and the possible interaction it may have with stage of change in promoting eating disorder symptom change. METHOD: Participants were adult women in inpatient treatment for eating disorders. They completed measures of motivation for change, which assessed precontemplation, action, confidence and internality (changing for oneself vs. others) and eating disorder symptom severity at pretreatment (N = 159) and posttreatment (n = 59). Only treatment completer analyses were used. RESULTS: Precontemplation and confidence had significant effects on pretreatment and posttreatment symptom severity, while action only had a significant effect on pretreatment symptoms. Confidence was shown to moderate relations between both measures of stage of change (i.e., precontemplation and action) and symptoms posttreatment. Follow-up analyses indicated that high precontemplation was associated with poor outcome, irrespective of confidence, however, low precontemplation was associated with better outcome at high levels of confidence. The interaction between confidence and action was also significant at very high levels of confidence. That is, among individuals who had high action at baseline, those with low confidence had significantly poorer outcomes relative to those with high confidence. DISCUSSION: Findings indicate that stage of change and confidence are both important prognostic factors and suggest that early behavior change in the absence of confidence may not guarantee best outcomes in inpatient eating disorder treatment.


Assuntos
Transtornos da Alimentação e da Ingestão de Alimentos/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Pacientes Internados , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Autoimagem , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
17.
J Couns Psychol ; 66(3): 351-361, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30702321

RESUMO

Across a breadth of psychotherapeutic approaches, feeling affect intensely and then talking about those feelings is a common means for increasing insight and other desired outcomes. While several naturalistic and laboratory studies have found that depression symptoms attenuate (i.e., weaken) the association between negative-affect intensity and negative-affect expression, depression's attenuating effect has not been examined in a psychotherapeutic context. The first aim of the present study was to examine if depression symptoms' attenuating effect on the association between negative-affect intensity and negative-affect expression extended into group psychotherapy. Our second aim was to examine group effects on patients' negative-affect expression. Participants (N = 239) were patients consecutively admitted into a psychodynamic group-psychotherapy day treatment program for people with personality disorders. Patients indicated their negative-affect intensity and negative-affect expression each week that they were in treatment. Depression symptoms were assessed at baseline. Results indicated that depression symptoms attenuated (i.e., moderated) the association between negative-affect intensity and negative-affect expression. Further, while the association between patient intensity and expression increased over the course of treatment, the moderating effect of depression on this association did not vary over treatment. Regarding group effects, group negative-affect intensity was associated with higher levels of patient negative-affect expression. Inversely, group affect expression was associated with lower levels of patient affect expression. Patient depression symptoms did not moderate the association between group negative-affect intensity and patient negative-affect expression. Our findings indicate that while group affect intensity and affect expression impacts patients' expression, depression's attenuating effect on negative-affect expression extends to patient effects but not group effects. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Depressão/complicações , Depressão/psicologia , Emoções , Transtornos da Personalidade/psicologia , Transtornos da Personalidade/terapia , Psicoterapia de Grupo , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Depressão/terapia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Transtornos da Personalidade/complicações , Adulto Jovem
18.
J Nerv Ment Dis ; 206(12): 964-967, 2018 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30439781

RESUMO

Although the self-image distortions and sensitivities of pathological narcissism have been theorized to contribute to somatization, limited empirical research has been devoted to this issue. The present study was developed to test the hypothesis that pathological narcissism contributes to somatic symptoms through increased hypervigiliance to physical sensations. A community sample of 248 adults completed measures of pathological narcissism, somatosensory amplification, somatic symptoms, and depression. Mediation analysis was conducted, controlling for depression, using 99% bootstrapped confidence intervals to examine the indirect effect of pathological narcissism on somatic symptoms via somatosensory amplification. Although pathological narcissism was not directly related to somatic symptoms, a significant indirect effect was observed for pathological narcissism on somatic symptoms via somatosensory amplification. This finding suggests that pathological narcissism contributes to physical hypersensitivity, in turn influencing perceptions of somatic distress. The role of narcissistic dysfunction in somatization indicates the importance of further research and potential clinical consideration.


Assuntos
Transtornos da Personalidade/complicações , Transtornos Somatoformes/psicologia , Adulto , Depressão/complicações , Depressão/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Transtornos da Personalidade/psicologia , Escalas de Graduação Psiquiátrica , Transtornos Somatoformes/etiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
19.
J Couns Psychol ; 65(1): 65-73, 2018 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29355345

RESUMO

Distress disclosure has been linked with reduced psychological distress, increased wellbeing, and successful psychotherapeutic outcome. Because of the importance of distress disclosure, researchers have worked to develop and improve theoretical models of disclosure to facilitate counseling practices that reduce impediments to disclosure. Presently, we conducted a 2-part study to investigate distress disclosure's associations with attachment avoidance, gender, and alexithymia-3 constructs frequently linked with disclosure. In Part 1, we examined the extent to which attachment avoidance, alexithymia, and gender predicted general disclosure tendencies. In Part 2, we examined the extent to which attachment avoidance, alexithymia, and gender predicted event-specific disclosure. Participants were recruited from a crowdsourcing website (N = 178 in Part 1; N = 108 in Part 2). In Part 1, alexithymia partially mediated the association between attachment avoidance and disclosure tendencies, and the link between attachment avoidance and alexithymia was stronger for men than women. In Part 2, the association between distress intensity and event-specific disclosure was weaker for people with high levels of alexithymia. Implications for counseling theory and practice are discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record


Assuntos
Sintomas Afetivos/psicologia , Aprendizagem da Esquiva , Revelação , Transtorno Reativo de Vinculação na Infância/psicologia , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia , Adulto , Sintomas Afetivos/diagnóstico , Sintomas Afetivos/terapia , Aprendizagem da Esquiva/fisiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Transtorno Reativo de Vinculação na Infância/diagnóstico , Transtorno Reativo de Vinculação na Infância/terapia , Autorrelato , Fatores Sexuais , Estresse Psicológico/diagnóstico , Estresse Psicológico/terapia
20.
J Trauma Stress ; 30(5): 545-549, 2017 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29024028

RESUMO

Emotion dysregulation has been associated with impaired interpersonal functioning and increased risk of posttraumatic psychopathology. Given that social support is a robust predictor of psychiatric morbidity following trauma exposure, we examined whether emotion dysregulation was associated with posttraumatic psychopathology through its negative effect on social support. Using self-report data from 90 military veterans (89.9% men) enrolled in an outpatient psychotherapy program for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), we found that social support partially mediated the effect of emotion dysregulation on PTSD (PM = .10) and depression symptoms (PM = .14). When source of support was considered, friend (PM = .08) and significant other support (PM = .06) were greater mediators of the effect of emotion dysregulation on depression symptoms than family support (PM = .01). There were no differential mediating effects for support providers on PTSD symptoms. Our findings indicate that social support is a statistically significant yet clinically limited mechanism through which emotion dysregulation is linked with psychiatric symptoms. Implications for these limitations and alternative potentially relevant interpersonal mechanisms are discussed.


Assuntos
Depressão/psicologia , Apoio Social , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/psicologia , Veteranos/psicologia , Adulto , Canadá , Depressão/diagnóstico , Emoções , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Escalas de Graduação Psiquiátrica , Autorrelato , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/diagnóstico , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/terapia
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...