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1.
Rep Prog Phys ; 83(12): 124201, 2020 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33226008

RESUMO

The combination of the high intensity proton beam facilities and massive detectors for precision measurements of neutrino oscillation parameters including the charge-parity violating (CPV) phase will open the door to help make beyond the standard model (BSM) physics reachable even in low energy regimes in the accelerator-based experiments. Large-mass detectors with highly precise tracking and energy measurements, excellent timing resolution, and low energy thresholds will enable the searches for BSM phenomena from cosmogenic origin, as well. Therefore, it is also conceivable that BSM topics in the next-generation neutrino experiments could be the dominant physics topics in the foreseeable future, as the precision of the neutrino oscillation parameter and CPV measurements continue to improve.This paper provides a review of the current landscape of BSM theory in neutrino experiments in two selected areas of the BSM topics-dark matter and neutrino related BSM-and summarizes the current results from existing neutrino experiments to set benchmarks for both theory and experiment. This paper then provides a review of upcoming neutrino experiments throughout the next 10 to 15 year time scale and their capabilities to set the foundation for potential reach in BSM physics in the two aforementioned themes. An important outcome of this paper is to ensure theoretical and simulation tools exist to carry out studies of these new areas of physics, from the first day of the experiments, such as Deep Underground Neutrino Experiment in the U.S. and Hyper-Kamiokande Experiment in Japan.

2.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 58(11): 887-892, 2020 Nov 02.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33120459

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the status of monotherapy for newly diagnosed tic disorders and its comorbidity in children, so as to provide a reference for clinical medication. Methods: A questionnaire survey was conducted to collect the application experience of monotherapy for newly diagnosed tic disorders and comorbidities in 110 pediatric neurologists and psychiatrists from Chinese Tic Disorders Study Consortium from February to August in 2019. Doctors were asked to rate treatment options based on a rank 5-point scale with "1" least appropriate and "5" most appropriate. The drug evaluation index was based on the comparison of the median score of a single drug with the overall scores of all drugs in this disease (M (Q1, Q3)), single drug M ≥ overall Q3 was recommended as preferred drugs; overall Q1≤ single drug M < overall Q3 was considered as secondary drugs; single drug M < overall Q1 was considered as unsuitable drugs. Results: Among 110 electronic questionnaires, 94 (86%) were availably responded, responding doctors included 37 (39%) males and 57 (61%) females, the age of responding doctors was (48±10) years, and their working year was (17±10) years. In the investigation of the first and second monotherapy for newly diagnosed tic disorders in children without comorbidities, there were no preferred drugs for mild transient tic disorders. The scores of clonidine, aripiprazole and tiapride were 4 (3, 4), 4 (3, 4), 4 (4, 5) scores respectively, and were greater than overall scores (3 (2, 4) scores), so they could be recommended as the preferred drugs for moderate chronic tic disorders, the recommendation for initial mild Tourette syndrome (TS) treatment was the same as preferred drugs for moderate chronic tic disorders. Similarly, clonidine, aripiprazole, tiapride and haloperidol could be recommended as the preferred drugs for other kinds of tic disorders. As for the second monotherapy, the preferred drugs for moderate transient tic disorders, mild chronic tic disorders and severe TS were all aripiprazole, tiapride, haloperidol, sulpiride, clonidine and topiramate. While clonidine, aripiprazole, tiapride could be considered as preferred drugs for severe transient tic disorders, moderate to severe chronic tic disorders and mild to moderate tic disorders. In the investigation of monotherapy for newly diagnosed tic disorders in children with comorbidities, for moderate chronic tic disorders and TS comorbid with obsessive-compulsive disorder, aripiprazole (4 (3, 5) scores) and sertraline (4 (3, 4) scores) were preferred drugs,the median scores of which were all greater than overall scores (3 (3, 4) scores), they were also the preferred treatment for severe transient tic disorders and mild chronic tic disorders. For mild and moderate transient tic disorders, severe chronic tic disorders and TS comorbid with obsessive-compulsive disorder, aripiprazole, fluvoxamine, fluoxetine, haloperidol and sertraline were preferred drugs. When comorbid with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), severe transient tic disorders, moderate chronic tic disorders and TS, tomoxetine and clonidine were recommended as preferred drugs (both 4 (4, 5) scores), and tomoxetine and clonidine were also the preferred treatment for severe TS. For severe chronic tic disorders comorbid with ADHD, clonidine (5(4, 5) scores) was preferred drug, greater than overall scores (4 (3, 5) scores), while for mild and moderate transient tic disorders clonidine, tomoxetine, guanidine and methylphenidate were recommended as preferred drugs. For mild chronic tic disorders and TS comorbid with ADHD tomoxetine was preferred drug. When comorbid with sleep disorders, there were no preferred drugs for mild transient tic disorders; estazolam (3 (2, 3) scores) was the preferred drug for mild chronic tic disorders and TS comorbid with sleep disorders. For othe kind of tic disorders comorbid with sleep disorders, estazolam, melatonin and clonazepam were preferred drugs. When comorbid with anxiety and depressive disorders, for all kinds of tic disorders sertraline was recommended as preferred drugs, the median scores of sertraline were all (4 (3, 5) scores) in severe transient tic disorders, moderate to severe chronic tic disorders and moderate TS, and greater than overall scores (3 (3, 4) scores). While severe chronic tic disorders comorbid with anxiety and depressive disorders, fluvoxamine could also be chosen as preferred drugs. Conclusions: Drug therapy is not recommended for mild transient tic disorders, while tiapride, aripiprazole, clonidine, and haloperidol are mainly preferred drugs for the other kinds of tic disorders. Corresponding drugs should be selected when tic disorders are combined with obsessive-compulsive disorder, ADHD, sleep disorders, anxiety, depression, etc.

3.
Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi ; 36(9): 830-837, 2020 Sep 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32972068

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the thermal injury effects on human HaCaT cells under simulated microgravity environment. Methods: The human HaCaT cells were collected and divided into simulated microgravity thermal injury (SMGTI) group, normal gravity thermal injury (NGTI) group, and normal gravity false injury (NGFI) group according to the random number table. Cells in NGTI and NGFI groups were cultured routinely in culture bottle, and cells in SMGTI group were cultured in the rotary cell culture system to simulate microgravity environment. Cells in SMGTI and NGTI groups were bathed in hot water of 45 ℃ for 10 minutes to make thermal injury model, and cells in NGFI group were bathed in warm water of 37 ℃ for 10 minutes to simulate thermal injury. At post injury hour (PIH) 12, cell morphology of 3 groups was observed under inverted phase contrast electron microscope. At PIH 2, 6, and 12, single cell suspension in the 3 groups was collected to detect the cell cycle by flow cytometer and the mRNA expressions of heat shock protein 70 (HSP70), matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9), and cysteine-aspartic protease 3 (caspase-3) by real time fluorescence quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction, and the experiments were repeated for 3 times. At PIH 2, 6, and 12, cell culture supernatant in the 3 groups was collected to detect the concentration of heparin-binding epidermal growth factor (HB-EGF) by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay method, the experiment was repeated for 3 times. The sample in each group and each time point was 3. Data were statistically analyzed with analysis of variance for factorial design, one-way analysis of variance, least significant difference test, Kruskal-Wallis H test, and Mann-Whitney U test. Results: (1) At PIH 12, cells in NGFI group showed regular shape and regular arrangement, with no cell debris. The cell shape in NGTI group was generally regular, with fewer cell debris and closer arrangement than that in NGFI group. The cells in SMGTI group showed more irregular shapes, different sizes, and dead cell debris. (2) The percentage of G1 phase cells in NGTI group was significantly higher than that in NGFI group and SMGTI group at PIH 2, respectively (P<0.05), and the percentage of G1 phase cells in NGTI group was significantly lower than that in NGFI group and SMGTI group at PIH 6 and 12, respectively (P<0.05). The percentage of G2/M phase cells in NGTI group was significantly lower than that in SMGTI group at PIH 2 (P<0.05), and the percentage of G2/M phase cells in NGTI group was significantly higher than that in NGFI group and SMGTI group at PIH 6 and 12, respectively (P<0.05). The percentage of S phase cells in NGTI group at PIH 2, 6, and 12 was significantly higher than that in SMGTI group (P<0.05), and the percentage of S phase cells in NGTI group at PIH 2 and 6 was significantly lower than that in NGFI group (P<0.05). (3) The HSP70 mRNA expressions of cells in NGTI group were 2.50±0.30 and 3.99±0.35 at PIH 2 and 6, which were significantly higher than 1.14±0.15 and 0.82±0.27 in NGFI group (P<0.05), and 1.17±0.53 and 1.65±0.59 in SMGTI group (P<0.05). The MMP-9 mRNA expression of cells in SMGTI group was significantly higher than that in NGTI group at PIH 2, 6, and 12, respectively (Z=-2.319, -2.882, -2.908, P<0.05). At each time point after injury, the mRNA expression of caspase-3 of cells in NGTI group was similar to that in NGFI group and SMGTI group, respectively (P>0.05). (4) The concentration of HB-EGF in cell culture supernatant of NGTI group was significantly lower than that in NGFI group at PIH 2, 6 and 12 (P<0.05), and the concentration of HB-EGF in cell culture supernatant of SMGTI group was significantly higher than that in NGTI group at PIH 2 and 6 (P<0.05). Conclusions: The proliferation and secretion functions and expression of wound repair related protein of human HaCaT cells inflicted with thermal injury in simulated microgravity environment showed complex and diversified changes, which provide theoretical basis for further research on damage repair under weightlessness.


Assuntos
Queimaduras , Ausência de Peso , Ciclo Celular , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Humanos , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Ausência de Peso/efeitos adversos
4.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 100(37): 2897-2902, 2020 Oct 13.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32993247

RESUMO

Objective: To develop a fast track transfer to intensive care unit (ICU) for the perioperative high-risk elderly patients after hip fracture surgery and analyze the preliminary clinical effect of the application. Methods: From January 2014 to December 2017, before the application of postoperative fast track transfer to ICU, the clinical data of 195 elderly patients with hip fracture were included in a retrospective analysis. Among 195 hip fracture patients, 18 were transferred to ICU post operation (non-fast track group). Multivariate logistic regression analysis was applied to investigate relevant risk factors for transferring to ICU after hip fracture surgery. Based on risk factors acquired from the analysis and clinical experience, the fast track transfer to ICU for the perioperative high-risk elderly patients after hip fracture surgery was constructed according to the preliminary and experiential criteria. From January 2018 to December 2019, the clinical data of 70 patients (fast track group) who were transferred to ICU after hip fracture surgery through the fast track were collected and compared with non-fast track group. Results: Multivariate regression analysis revealed that American Society of Anesthesiologists classification(≥Ⅲ) (OR=4.260, 95%CI:1.157-15.683, P=0.029), pre-hospital stage (≥48 h) (OR=4.301, 95%CI:1.212-15.266, P=0.024), hemoglobin concentration at admission(<90 g/L) (OR=7.979, 95%CI:1.936-32.889, P=0.004), coronary heart disease as one comorbidity(OR=6.063, 95%CI:1.695-21.693, P=0.006) were independent risk factors for transferring to ICU after hip fracture surgery. There were no significant difference in gender, age, fracture type, hemoglobin concentration at admission and time of pre-hospital stage between the non-fast track group and fast track group(all P>0.05). However, the number of comorbidities in the fast track group was significantly higher than that in the non-fast track group (Z=-1.995, P=0.046). The time to surgery, postoperative hospital stay, and length of hospital stay in fast track group were all significantly less than those in non-fast track group (Z=-2.121, -2.726, -3.130, all P<0.05). Also, there were fewer medical consultations needed and fewer patients who stayed in ICU more than or equal to 2 nights in fast track group than that in non-fast track group(all P<0.05). There were no significant difference in the rate of patients who transferred from the general ward to ICU after transferring from ICU to the general ward, the proportion of patients who received more than or equal to 4 departments, operation time, hospitalization expense, mortality during hospitalization, 30-day mortality and 90-day mortality after operation between the two groups(all P>0.05). Conclusions: The fast track constructed in this study can reduce time to surgery, postoperative hospitalization stay and length of hospitalization stay for the perioperative high-risk elderly patients with hip fractures and is a specific clinical application of eras concept based on multidisciplinary team.


Assuntos
Recuperação Pós-Cirúrgica Melhorada , Fraturas do Quadril/cirurgia , Idoso , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Período Pós-Operatório , Estudos Retrospectivos
5.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 58(9): 697-706, 2020 Sep 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32878417

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the clinical characteristics and prognosis of gallbladder cancer (GBC) patients in China. Methods: This retrospective multicenter cohort study enrolled 3 528 consecutive GBC patients diagnosed between January 2010 to December 2017 in 15 hospitals from 10 provinces. There were 1 345 (38.12%) males and 2 183 (61.88%) females.The age of diagnosis was (63.7±10.8) years old (range: 26 to 99 years old) .There were 213 patients (6.04%) in stage 0 to Ⅰ, whereas 1 059 (30.02%) in stage Ⅱ to Ⅲ, 1 874 (53.12%) in stage Ⅳ, and 382 (10.83%) unavailable. Surgery was performed on 2 255 patients (63.92%) . Three hundred and thirty-six patients received chemotherapy or radiotherapy (9.52%; of which 172 were palliative); 1 101 (31.21%) received only supportive treatment.The patient source, treatment and surgery, pathology, concomitant gallstone, and prognosis were analyzed. Results: Among the 3 528 GBC patients, 959 (27.18%) were from East China, 603 (17.09%) from East-North China, 1 533 (43.45%) from Central China, and 433(12.27%) from West China. Among the 1 578 resectable tumor, 665 (42.14%) underwent radical surgery, 913 (57.86%) underwent surgery that failed to follow the guidelines.Eight hundred and ninety-one (56.46%) patients were diagnosed before surgery, 254 (16.10%) during surgery, and 381 (24.14%) after surgery (time point of diagnosis couldn't be determined in 52 patients) .Among the 1 578 patients with resectable tumor, 759 (48.10%) had concomitant gallstone.Among the 665 patients underwent radical surgery, 69 (10.4%) showed positive resection margin, 510 (76.7%) showed negative resection margin, and 86 (12.9%) unreported margin status.The 5-year overall survival rate (5yOS) for the 3 528-patient cohort was 23.0%.The 5yOS for patients with resectable tumor was 39.6%, for patients with stage ⅣB tumor without surgery was 5.4%, and for patients with stage ⅣB tumor underwent palliative surgery was 4.7%. Conclusions: More than half GBC patients in China are diagnosed in stage Ⅳ.Curative intent surgery is valuable in improving prognosis of resectable GBC.The treatment of GBC needs further standardization.Effective comprehensive treatment for GBC is in urgent need.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Vesícula Biliar/terapia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , China , Feminino , Neoplasias da Vesícula Biliar/patologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
6.
J Endocrinol Invest ; 2020 Sep 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32979189

RESUMO

AIM: Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is a chronic disease causing health and economic burdens on individuals and society. Thus, this study is conducted to figure out the mechanisms of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs)-induced exosomal microRNA-486-3p (miR-486-3p) in DR. METHODS: The putative miR-486-3p binding sites to 3'untranslated region of Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) was verified by luciferase reporter assay. High glucose (HG)-treated Muller cells were transfected with miR-486-3p or TLR4-related oligonucleotides and plasmids to explore theirs functions in DR. Additionally, HG-treated Muller cells were co-cultured with BMSC-derived exosomes, exosomes collected from BMSCs that had been transfected with miR-486-3p or TLR4-related oligonucleotides and plasmids to explore their functions in DR. MiR-486-3p, TLR4 and nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-κB) expression, angiogenesis-related factors, oxidative stress factors, viability and apoptosis in HG-treated Muller cells were detected by RT-qPCR, western blot analysis, ELISA, MTT assay and flow cytometry, respectively. RESULTS: MiR-486-3p was poorly expressed while TLR4 and NF-κB were highly expressed in HG-treated Muller cells. TLR4 was a target of miR-486-3p. Upregulating miR-486-3p or down-regulating TLR4 inhibited oxidative stress, inflammation and apoptosis, and promoted proliferation of HG-treated Muller cells. Meanwhile, BMSC-derived exosomes inhibited oxidative stress, inflammation and apoptosis, and promoted proliferation of HG-treated Muller cells. Restoring miR-486-3p further enhanced, while up-regulating TLR4 reversed, the improvement of exosomes treatment. CONCLUSION: Our study highlights that up-regulation of miR-486-3p induced by BMSC-derived exosomes played a protective role in DR mice via TLR4/NF-κB axis repression.

8.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(15): 8194-8201, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32767349

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of corticosteroid on hospital mortality, hospital length of stay, and time of viral clearance in patients with severe and critical COVID-19. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with severe and critical COVID-19 who had been discharged or expired were enrolled in this study. Patients were divided into corticosteroid group and non-corticosteroid group according to the systemic corticosteroid use or not. Clinical data were collected, and hospital mortality, hospital length of stay, time of viral clearance, time of mechanical ventilation, and duration from illness onset to symptom resolution were compared between the two groups. RESULTS: A total of 72 inpatients who were diagnosed with severe and critical COVID-19 were enrolled, in which 47 patients were divided into corticosteroid group and 25 were involved as the non-corticosteroid group. Baseline characteristics were generally similar between the two groups. Four (5.6%) patients died during hospitalization, and 68 (94.4%) were discharged. Among survivors, the mean duration time from admission to discharge was 19.5d (SD 7.05 d). The mean time of viral clearance among survivors was 17.5d (SD 7.67 d), with a maximum of 37 d, and a minimum of 5 d. Hospital mortality (4.3% vs. 8.0%), length of hospital stay (18.7d vs. 21.0d), and time of viral clearance (16.1d vs. 19.4d) had no significant difference between two groups (p>0.05). The duration of symptoms suffering was shorter in the corticosteroid group than non-corticosteroid group, with statistically significant difference (p<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Corticosteroid therapy in patients with severe COVID-19 cannot reduce the hospital mortality, and is not associated with delayed viral clearance, but it could relieve the inflammatory storm and improve clinical symptoms in brief. Patients with severe COVID-19 could benefit from low-dose corticosteroid treatment.


Assuntos
Corticosteroides/uso terapêutico , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Idoso , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Betacoronavirus , Estudos de Casos e Controles , China , Estudos de Coortes , Infecções por Coronavirus/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por Coronavirus/mortalidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/fisiopatologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Oxigenoterapia , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/mortalidade , Pneumonia Viral/fisiopatologia , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Respiração Artificial/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores de Tempo
9.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 41(7): 1063-1067, 2020 Jul 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32741171

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of human brucellosis (HB), evolution and origin feature of Brucella strains in Tongliao city, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region during 2004-2018, and to provide evidence for strategy development against the disease. Methods: Data from the reports on HB in Tongliao during 2004-2018 were extracted from the China Information System for Disease Control and Prevention before being analyzed with software Excel 2016. Epidemiologic feature was described, using the number of cases, constituent ratio and related rates. Conventional biotypes methods were used for identification of species/biovars strains while species of six Brucella strains were further verified by AMOS-PCR. Cluster analyze on six Brucella strains were performed with Bio-Numerics 5.0 software and for examining and revealing the genetic characteristics of the related strains. Results: During 2004-2018, a total of 16 704 HB cases were reported, with the incidence rate as 35.41/100 000. The incidence rates appeared as 110.51/100 000 in Jarud Banner and 67.84/100 000 in Kulun flag, which were both higher than the other areas. Most of the cases were reported in the 40-54 year olds, which accounted for 48.75% (8 143/16 704). The number of HB in farmers appeared as 14 873, which counted for 89.04% (14 873/16 704) of all the cases. Male to female ratio of incidence was 2.40∶1. Most of the reported cases appeared between March to May, which accounted for 56.30% (9 405/16 704). Peak of the disease was seen in April. Using the conventional identification method, results showed that the available six strains all belonged to B. melitensis, including three of them as B. melitensis bv.1 and others three strains as B. melitensis bv. 3. Results from the amplified AMOS-PCR showed that all the strains were B. melitensis. The six strains clustered in two MLVA-11 genotypes (111 and 116) and all belonged to the Eastern Mediterranean lineage. Based on the MLVA-16 cluster analysis, results suggested that strains from this study were having close genetic relationship with B. melitensis strains that were from Jilin and Heilongjiang provinces. Conclusions: Human brucellosis identified in Tongliao area was with greater risk in spreading the disease to the vicinity. Our findings indicated that the programs on detection and control of the disease should be strengthened.


Assuntos
Brucelose/epidemiologia , Brucelose/microbiologia , Adulto , Brucella/genética , Brucella/isolamento & purificação , Brucelose/prevenção & controle , China/epidemiologia , Cidades/epidemiologia , Feminino , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
10.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(13): 7213, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32706051

RESUMO

Since this article has been suspected of research misconduct and the corresponding authors did not respond to our request to prove originality of data and figures, "Long noncoding RNA LUCAT1 promotes migration and invasion of prostate cancer cells by inhibiting KISS1 expression, by C. Liu, L. Wang, Y.-W. Li, Y.-S. Cui, Y.-Q. Wang, S. Liu, published in Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2019; 23 (8): 3277-3283-DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_201904_17689-PMID: 31081080" has been withdrawn. The Publisher apologizes for any inconvenience this may cause. https://www.europeanreview.org/article/17689.

11.
Public Health ; 185: 254-260, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32688101

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: United Nations Programme on human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome and World Health Organization believe that some of the benchmark numbers collected may be inaccurate when using the multiplier method to estimate the size of populations most at risk of acquiring HIV. Here, study data have been evaluated to characterize the inaccurate benchmark numbers. STUDY DESIGN: The study design used is a systematic review. METHODS: Studies published from 1 January 2004 to 1 December 2019 using the multiplier method to estimate the population proportions of men who have sex with men (MSM) and female sex workers (FSWs) in China were reviewed. Five electronic bibliographic databases were searched: Medline, the China National Knowledge Infrastructure, VIP Database for Chinese Technical Periodicals, Wanfang Data, and the Chinese BioMedical Literature Database. RESULTS: In all eight studies of FSW, six of the estimated population proportions fell within the range of national estimates. However, the estimated MSM population proportions of all 18 studies fell outside the range of national estimates. CONCLUSIONS: When estimating the MSM population, the use of benchmark numbers from homosexual websites or MSM-frequented sites usually led to an inaccurate estimation. Therefore, benchmark numbers from services/programs that meet fundamental needs, such as those dealing with health and wellness, should be used.


Assuntos
Coleta de Dados/métodos , Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia , Síndrome de Imunodeficiência Adquirida/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Homossexualidade Masculina/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Vigilância da População/métodos , Fatores de Risco , Profissionais do Sexo/estatística & dados numéricos , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto Jovem
12.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 58(6): 469-474, 2020 Jun 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32498488

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the prognosis factors of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) spread after surgery in glioblastoma (GBM) patients when tumors progressed and the effect factors on prognosis. Methods: A retrospective study was conducted on 124 patients who were pathologically diagnosed as glioblastoma after surgery, and found tumor progressed during regularly follow-up at Department of Neurosurgery, Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Capital Medical University between January 2009 and August 2017.There were 82 males and 42 females, aged 47.9 years(range: 19 to 75 years) .Patients were divided into local recurrence group(96 cases) and CSF spread group (28 cases) .Clinical data were recorded in detail and compared by independent sample t test or χ(2) test.Kaplan-Meier survival curves was used to demonstrated the distribution of progression free survival (PFS) overall survival (OS) and post progression survival (PPS), and differences between local recurrence and CSF spread groups were assessed by Log-rank test.Cox proportion hazard regression analysis was used to identify independent prognostic factors. Results: Logistics regression analysis showed ventricle entry was the only prognosis factor of CSF spread (OR=2.667, 95% CI: 1.128 to 6.304, P=0.025).No significant distinction was observed in PFS between CSF spread group and local recurrence group(7.0 months vs.9.3 months, P=0.066).However, OS and PPS were substantially shortened in CSF spread group (13.0 months vs.23.0 months, P=0.011; 6.0 months vs.11.0 months, P=0.022, respectively).Mutations of isocitrate dehydrogenase gene, distant spread, gross-total resection, Ki-67 index>30% were independent prognostic factors of GBM patients. Conclusions: Ventricle entry is a prognosis factor for CSF spread, after which the median OS and PPS are markedly diminished.However, ventricle entry is not independent prognosis factor shortening survival.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas/patologia , Neoplasias do Ventrículo Cerebral/secundário , Ventrículos Cerebrais/patologia , Líquido Cefalorraquidiano , Glioblastoma/secundário , Adulto , Idoso , Neoplasias Encefálicas/cirurgia , Análise Fatorial , Feminino , Glioblastoma/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Metástase Neoplásica , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
13.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(10): 5404-5411, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32495875

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the expression of long non-coding ribonucleic acid (lncRNA) AK058003 in esophageal carcinoma (EC) tissues, and to analyze its intervention effect. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The expression of lncRNA AK058003 in EC tissues and para-carcinoma tissues from 130 EC patients was detected via quantitative Polymerase Chain Reaction (qPCR). EC cell lines were selected for exogenous interference in lncRNA AK058003. Subsequently, the expression of lncRNA AK058003 in normal esophageal epithelial cell line (Het-1A) and EC cell lines (EC109, EC9706, KYSE-150, KYSE-30, and TE-1) was detected by qPCR. EC9706 cell lines with the highest expression of lncRNA AK058003 were selected and transfected with lncRNA AK058003 siRNA and lncRNA AK058003 control, respectively. After transfection, the expression of lncRNA AK058003 was determined using PCR. The changes in cell growth and proliferation were analyzed via cell growth curve and cell cycle assay. Meanwhile, the changes in cell migration and invasion were analyzed through wound healing assay. Protein expressions of matrix metalloproteinase-1 (MMP1) and MMP2 were determined by Western blot. Clinical data were collected from EC patients, and the association between lncRNA AK058003 expression and tumor-node-metastasis (TNM) stage was finally analyzed. RESULTS: LncRNA AK058003 was highly expressed EC tissues compared with para-carcinoma tissues (p<0.01). Compared with Het-1A cells, the expression of lncRNA AK058003 was significantly higher in EC109, EC9706, KYSE-150, KYSE-30, and TE-1 cells, with highest level in EC9706 cells (p<0.05). The expression of lncRNA AK058003 remarkably declined in lncRNA AK058003 siRNA group compared with lncRNA AK058003 control group (p<0.001). Compared with lncRNA AK058003 control group, the proliferation of EC cells was significantly weakened in lncRNA AK058003 siRNA group, with the greatest difference at 3 d. Flow cytometry results revealed that cell cycle was arrested in G0/G1 phase in lncRNA AK058003 siRNA group. Wound healing assay indicated that the intercellular distance became large, and cell migration ability was evidently enhanced in lncRNA AK058003 siRNA group with time (p<0.05). Besides, the protein expressions of MMP1 and MMP2 were remarkably lower in lncRNA AK058003 siRNA group than those in lncRNA AK058003 control group. This indicated remarkably declined invasion and metastasis ability. In addition, the postoperative prognosis was significantly worse in patients with higher expression of lncRNA AK058003 (p<0.05). All these findings suggested that lncRNA AK058003 could serve as a biomarker for EC prognosis. CONCLUSIONS: LncRNA AK058003 is highly expressed in EC patients, which promotes proliferation, migration, invasion, and metastasis of EC cells. In addition, the postoperative prognosis of EC patients with high expression of lncRNA AK058003 is relatively poor.

14.
Eur J Neurol ; 2020 Jun 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32562320

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Migraine is a complex and disabling neurological disorder, the exact neurological mechanisms of which remain unclear. The thalamus is considered to be the hub of the central processing and integration of nociceptive information, as well as the modulation of these processes. METHODS: A total of 48 migraineurs without aura (MWoAs) during the interictal phase and 48 age- and sex-matched healthy controls underwent resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging scans. We utilized masked independent component analysis and seed-based functional connectivity (FC) to investigate whether MWoAs exhibited abnormal FC between subregions in the thalamus and the cortex regions. RESULTS: The MWoAs showed significantly weaker FC between the anterior dorsal thalamic nucleus and left precuneus. Additionally, MWoAs exhibited significantly reduced FC between the ventral posterior nucleus (VPN) and left precuneus, right inferior parietal lobule (R-IPL) and right middle frontal gyrus. Furthermore, the FC Z-scores between the VPN and R-IPL were negatively correlated with pain intensity in MWoAs. The disease duration of patients was negatively correlated with the FC Z-scores between the VPN and R-IPL. CONCLUSION: These altered thalamocortical connectivity patterns may contribute to multisensory integration abnormalities, deficits in pain attention, cognitive evaluation and pain modulation. Pain sensitivity and disease duration are closely tied to abnormal FC between the VPN and R-IPL. Remarkably, recurrent headache attacks might contribute to this maladaptive functional plasticity closely related to pain intensity.

15.
Physiol Res ; 69(4): 701-710, 2020 08 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32584132

RESUMO

Chemotherapy-induced neuropathic pain (CNP) is the major dose-limiting factor in cancer chemotherapy. However, the mechanisms underlying CNP remain elusive. In the present study, CNP was induced by repeated intraperitoneal injection of vincristine (VCR) into male C57BL/6J mice. VCR administration caused significant activation of Wnt/beta-catenin signaling, which led to the activation of astrocytes, microglia, the release of inflammatory cytokines tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha, monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) and the activation of subsequent mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK)/extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase (ERK) signaling pathway in CNP mice. Blocking Wnt/beta-catenin signaling by intrathecal administration of the inhibitors of Wnt response (IWR) effectively attenuated VCR-induced neuropathic pain. Furthermore, IWR inhibited the activation of astrocytes, microglia, TNF-alpha, MCP-1 and MAPK/ERK signaling in the spinal cord, which was triggered by VCR-induced Wnt/beta-catenin signaling upregulation. These results suggest that Wnt/beta-catenin signaling plays a critical role in VCR-induced neuropathic pain and provides evidence for potential interfering with Wnt/beta-catenin signaling to ameliorate VCR-induced neuropathic pain.

16.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 58(6): 482-487, 2020 Jun 02.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32521960

RESUMO

Objective: To compare the clinical features and outcomes of cancer-related and non-cancer-related sepsis in children who were admitted pediatric intensive care unit (PICU). Methods: The clinical history of patients with sepsis, who were admitted to PICU in Shanghai Children's Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University from August 2016 to July 2019, were retrospectively reviewed. A total of 768 patients were divided into the cancer-related sepsis group (135 cases) and the non-cancer-related sepsis group (633 cases). The patients in the cancer-related group were further categorized into three subgroups including hematological malignancy (80 cases), solid tumor (43 cases) and hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) (12 cases). The variables of clinical features, laboratory tests, pathogens, management strategies and in-hospital mortality were compared between the two groups by student t test, Mann-Whitney U test or Chi-square test. Results: The patients with cancer-related sepsis accounted for 17.6% of all patients (135/768). Regarding the site of initial infection, the incidence of gastrointestinal infection (43.0% (58/135) vs. 28.6% (181/633), χ(2)=10.718, P=0.001), blood stream infection (29.6% (40/135) vs. 17.1% (108/633), χ(2)=11.297, P=0.001) and skin and soft tissue infection (22.2% (30/135) vs. 4.1% (26/633), χ(2)=54.013, P<0.01) were higher in the patients with cancer-related sepsis than in those with non-cancer-related sepsis. On first PICU admission, the levels of hemoglobin (71 (61, 83) vs. 106 (92, 116) g/L, Z=13.594, P<0.01), white blood cell (1.4 (0.3, 5.2) vs. 9.8 (5.8, 15.1)×10(9)/L, Z=11.213, P<0.01), platelet count (51 (15, 121) vs. 286 (192, 384)×10(9)/L, Z=13.336, P<0.01), CD19(+)cells (0.106 (0.008, 0.274) vs. 0.325 (0.224, 0.454), Z=6.555, P<0.01), and neutrophil (0.449 (0.170, 0.730) vs. 0.683 (0.537, 0.800), Z=5.974, P<0.01) were significantly lower in patients with cancer-related sepsis; however, the levels of C-reactive protein (82 (25, 155) vs. 36 (11, 86) mg/L, Z=-5.257, P<0.01), procalcitonin (1.5 (0.3, 12.0) vs. 0.8 (0.2, 4.0) µg/L, Z=-2.767, P=0.006), CD8(+)cells (0.329 (0.253, 0.514) vs. 0.209 (0.156, 0.275), Z=-5.699, P<0.01), interleukin (IL) -6 (0.1 (0.1, 522.4) vs. 0.1 (0.1, 0.1) ng/L, Z=-2.747, P=0.006), IL-8 (0.1 (0.1, 177.0) vs. 0.1 (0.1, 4.5) ng/L, Z=-2.087, P=0.037), and IL-10 (0.1 (0.1, 42.7) vs. 0.1 (0.1, 6.6) ng/L, Z=-2.148, P=0.032) were significantly higher in patients with cancer-related sepsis. Similarly, the rate of continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) (34.8% (47/135) vs. 16.9% (107/633), χ(2)=26.267, P<0.01) and the use of intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) (83.0% (112/135) vs. 66.2% (419/633), χ(2)=14.667, P<0.01) were significantly higher in cancer-related sepsis group. Moreover, the incidence of co-infection with fungi was also higher in cancer-related sepsis group (14.1% (19/135) vs. 0.5%(3/633), χ(2)=73.965, P<0.01), and so was the number of multiple organ dysfunction (3 (2, 5) vs. 2 (1, 3), Z=-6.988, P<0.01). Finally, the in-hospital mortality rate of cancer-related sepsis and non-cancer-related sepsis were 36.3% (49/135) and 9.3% (59/633), respectively, also significantly different (χ(2)=67.000, P<0.01). There was no difference in the in-hospital mortality among children with hematologic tumors, solid tumors and HLH (35.0% (28/80) vs. 32.6% (14/43) vs. 7/12, χ(2)=2.838, P=0.242). Conclusions: The site of initial infection, inflammatory markers on PICU admission, and co-infection pathogen during hospitalization are different between patients with cancer-related sepsis and non-cancer-related sepsis. Besides, the in-hospital mortality of cancer-related sepsis is about 4-fold that of non-cancer-related sepsis. The monitoring of clinical features and organ dysfunction, and timely treatment are crucial for cancer-related sepsis.


Assuntos
Neoplasias , Sepse , Proteína C-Reativa , Criança , China , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva Pediátrica , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32418775

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Allergen-specific immunotherapy (ASIT) is the only allergic disease-modifying therapy available for children and adults, and recombinant allergens are an interesting approach to improve allergy diagnosis and ASIT. Tyrophagus putrescentiae is a common storage mite that produces potent allergens. The aim of this study was to express and characterize recombinant group 4 allergen protein of T. putrescentiae (Tyr p 4), and to further investigate allergenicity and potential epitopes of Tyr p 4. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The cDNA encoding Tyr p 4 was generated by RT-PCR and subcloned into pET-28a(+) plasmid. The plasmid was then transformed into E. coli cells for expression. After purification by nickel affinity chromatography and identification by SDS-PAGE, recombinant Tyr p 4 protein was used for a skin prick test and an ELISA to determine the allergic response. RESULTS: Study participants' allergic response rate to Tyr p 4 protein was 13.3% (16/120). Eight B-cell epitopes and three T-cell epitopes of Tyr p 4 were predicted. CONCLUSIONS: Similar to group 4 allergens of other species of mite, allergenicity of Tyr p 4 is weak. The expression, characterization and epitope prediction of recombinant Tyr p 4 protein provide a foundation for further study of this allergen in the diagnosis and ASIT of storage mite allergy.

18.
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi ; 32(3): 248-254, 2020 May 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32468786

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To obtain the leptin receptor overlapping transcript-like 1 encoding gene (LepROTL1 gene) from Dermatophagoides farina, investigate the molecular characteristics of the gene and construct a prokaryotic expression vector to express this gene. METHODS: The LepROTL1 gene-encoding sequence fragments were captured based on the transcriptome sequencing results, and the full-length gene fragments were amplified from total RNA of D. farinae using a RT-PCR assay, and used to construct the expression plasmid pET28a(+)-LepROTL1, followed by sequencing. The plasmid was transformed into E. coli BL21 (DE3) T1R for the induction of IPTG expression. The expression product was characterized by SDS-PAGE and Western blotting. Bioinformatics analyses were performed to analyze the sequence and the molecular characteristics of its encoded protein. RESULTS: The amplification products of the RT-PCR assay showed a clear band on agarose gel electrophoresis, and sequencing analysis of the pET28a(+)-LepROTL1 plasmid showed 417 bp in length of the coding gene from the start codon ATG to the termination codon TAA. Following the plasmid transformation into E. coli and induction with IPTG, a specific band was seen on SDS-PAGE, indicating successful expression. Bioinformatics analysis showed that the LepROTL1 gene-encoded protein was composed of 134 amino acids, and had a relative molecular weight of 14 378.13 Da, a hydrophilicity index of 1.149, and certain hydrophobicity. The secondary structure was composed of alpha-helix (19 aa, 14.18%), extended strand (48 aa, 35.82%) and random coil (67 aa, 50.00%). The deduced amino acid sequence was used to obtain homologous genes by BLAST, and the phylogenetic tree showed that D. farinae was clustered with D. pteronyssinus. CONCLUSIONS: The full-length sequences and expression plasmid of the LepROTL1 gene are obtained, and the molecular features of the gene are demonstrated using bioinformatics analyses, which provide insights into further studies on the gene.


Assuntos
Antígenos de Dermatophagoides , Dermatophagoides farinae , Receptores para Leptina , Animais , Antígenos de Dermatophagoides/química , Antígenos de Dermatophagoides/genética , Clonagem Molecular , Dermatophagoides farinae/classificação , Dermatophagoides farinae/genética , Escherichia coli/genética , Filogenia , Receptores para Leptina/genética , Análise de Sequência
19.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 100(20): 1544-1550, 2020 May 26.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32450642

RESUMO

Objective: To Summarize the experience of pump-controlled retrograde trial off (PCRTO) in the process of veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA-ECMO) withdrawal in adult patients. Methods: Adult patients who received ECMO assistance in Intensive Care Unit for Cardiac Surgery from March to July 2019 were collected. According to our strategies, PCRTO was used if the patients can wean from VA-ECMO and hemodynamic indexes were recorded during the process. The statistics data was collected, including the 48 hours survival rate, ECMO re-assistance rate, thrombus complications, Intensive Care Unit (ICU) stay time and hospital stay time after weaning from VA-ECMO. The patients who failed in the test were continued to be assisted by ECMO. Results: There were 46 patients assisted by VA-ECMO in our center. In total, 21 adults who met the offline test standard underwent 26 PCRTOs, including 10 male adults (47.6%), with an age of 65 (55, 68) years old. Eighteen adults passed the withdrawal test. No new thrombus was found in the arteriovenous ultrasound of the lower extremity after weaning from ECMO, and no pulmonary embolism was found in the chest X-ray. The success rate of weaning from ECMO was 69.23%(18/26). The D-dimer decreased [584(348,2 107)µg/L vs 1 440(631,2 916)µg/L, P=0.014] and the left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) increased (51.4%±8.5% vs 46.9%±10.6%, P=0.013) on the next day after weaning. There were significant differences in heart rate (HR), central venous pressure (CVP), oxygenation index and lactate (Lac) during the PCRTO in the group which involved the cases of the 8 failed experiments (all P<0.05). Compared with the failure group, there were significant differences in age, blood flow rate, CVP before the test, HR, pulse oxygen saturation(SpO(2)), CVP, Lac and oxygenation index after the test, and the variations of SpO(2), CVP and Lac. Conclusion: PCRTO is a simple, reversible, safe and effective weaning method. It can be used in the process of VA-ECMO withdrawal in adult patients.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos , Oxigenação por Membrana Extracorpórea , Idoso , Feminino , Hemodinâmica , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Volume Sistólico , Função Ventricular Esquerda
20.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 100(13): 991-996, 2020 Apr 07.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32294855

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the correlation between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of SIRT1 gene promoter sequence and senile degenerative heart valvular disease (SDHVD). Methods: A total of 236 SDHVD patients and 285 healthy controls who visited the Affiliated Hospital of Jining Medical University between February 2012 and October 2016 were enrolled. SNPs of SIRT1 gene promoter were detected by Sanger sequencing. Typing and correlation were analyzed by χ(2) test and Logistic regression analysis. Haplotype and linkage disequilibrium were analyzed by Haploview4.2 software and SHEsis online software. The effect of SNPs on the binding of transcription factors to SIRT1 gene promoter was analyzed by electrophoretic mobility shift assay(EMSA). The transcription factors affected by SNPs were predicted by Transfac online software. Results: The frequency distribution of GG genotype of rs3740051 in the SDHVD group was significantly higher than that in the control group (χ(2)=4.855, P=0.028). There was a correlation between GG genotype of the rs3740051 and SDHVD. After adjusting for age, the risk of SDHVD in the carrier of GG genotype was 3.079 times higher than that of AA genotype(OR=3.079, 95%CI: 1.156-8.201, P=0.024). The five SNPs (rs3740051, rs932658, rs35995735, rs3740053 and rs2394443) showed strong linkage disequilibrium(D'>0.8). The haplotype analysis of the five SNPs (haplotype frequency<0 was ignored in the analysis) showed that 11 haplotypes (P<0.05) were formed, and the frequency of *A**C, AA**C, *AG*C, AAG*C, AA*AC, *AGAC and AAGAC in SDHVD group were significantly higher than that in control group (P<0.05, OR>1, 95%CI does not contains 1). EMSA showed that the color of the binding bands incubated by wild type probe and nucleoprotein was darker than that incubated by DNA sequence variation probe and nucleoprotein. Conclusion: The GG genotype of rs3740051 is associated with SDHVD and may be a risk genotype for SDHVD. The haplotype AC (across rs932658 and rs2394443) may be a dangerous haplotype of SDHVD. rs3740051 may affect the occurrence and development of SDHVD by interfering with the binding of FOXC protein to SIRT1 gene promoter.


Assuntos
Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Sirtuína 1/genética , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Frequência do Gene , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Genótipo , Haplótipos , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/genética , Humanos , Desequilíbrio de Ligação , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas
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