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1.
Asian J Androl ; 2024 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38722110

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Ejaculation is regulated by the central nervous system. However, the central pathophysiology of primary intravaginal anejaculation (PIAJ) is unclear. The present study aimed to examine the changes in regional brain activity and functional connectivity underlying PIAJ. A total of 20 PIAJ patients and 16 healthy controls (HCs) were enrolled from September 2020 to September 2022 in the Department of Andrology, Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital (Nanjing, China). Magnetic resonance imaging data were acquired from all participants and then were preprocessed. The measures of fractional amplitude of low-frequency fluctuation (fALFF), regional homogeneity (ReHo), and functional connectivity (FC) were calculated and compared between the groups. PIAJ patients showed increased fALFF values in the left precuneus compared with HCs. Additionally, PIAJ patients showed increased ReHo values in the left precuneus, left postcentral gyrus, left superior occipital gyrus, left calcarine fissure, right precuneus, and right middle temporal gyrus, and decreased ReHo values in the left inferior parietal gyrus, compared with HCs. Finally, brain regions with altered fALFF and ReHo values in PIAJ patients showed increased FC with widespread cortical regions, which included the frontal, parietal, temporal, and occipital regions, compared with HCs. In conclusion, increased regional brain activity in the parietal, temporal, and occipital regions, and increased FC between these brain regions, may be associated with PIAJ occurrence.

2.
Int J Impot Res ; 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38622269

RESUMO

By observation of Sprague-Dawley male rats with different ejaculatory behaviors, we have identified distinct behavioral characteristics in rapid ejaculator rats. To validate these differential behaviors, we conducted multifaceted behavioral experiments on rapid ejaculator rats and normal rats. Through mating experiments, 42 male rats were categorized into 5 rapid ejaculator rats, 29 normal ejaculator rats, and 8 sluggish ejaculator rats according to their ejaculation frequency. We selected 5 rats exhibiting rapid ejaculation and 5 rats with normal ejaculation for participation in the Morris water maze, open-field test, and balance beam experiments. The open-field tests revealed that rapid ejaculator rats spent shorter time in the center region (1.23 ± 1.21 vs. 6.56 ± 2.40 s, P = 0.0041), less entered the center region (0.80 ± 0.75 vs. 3.40 ± 1.50, time, P = 0.0145), traveled shorter distances (17,003.77 ± 3339.42 vs. 25,037.90 ± 5499.94 mm, P = 0.0371), and had a lower average speed compared with normal rats (66.09 ± 62.36 vs. 195.56 ± 83.41 mm/s, P = 0.0377). However, no significant differences were observed in the Morris water maze and balance beam experiments (0.25 ± 0.05 vs. 0.26 ± 0.07, P = 0.7506;16.40 ± 3.77 vs. 16.25 ± 2.05, P = 0.9515). These behavioral results indicated that the rapid ejaculator rats were more prone to anxiety. To further substantiate this claim, we examined Brain-derived neurotrophic factor expression levels in the hippocampus of rat brains using immunohistochemistry and western blotting. The results demonstrate lower Brain-derived neurotrophic factor expression in the hippocampus of rapid ejaculator rats compared with that in normal rats (P = 0.0093). Thus, our experiments indicate that rapid ejaculator rats exhibit a higher propensity for anxiety, potentially linked to their abnormal neurophysiologic state. It is concluded that rapid ejaculator rats may be more susceptible to anxiety on a pathophysiological basis.

3.
Andrology ; 2024 Mar 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38439166

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Primary intravaginal anejaculation (PIAJ) is a relatively uncommon male sexual dysfunction characterized by an inability to achieve intravaginal ejaculation during all sexual intercourse. Effective treatment options for this condition are lacking. We aimed to explore the clinical effect of the sexual therapy combined with vacuum negative pressure hydropneumatic/pneumatic bubble massage (VNPHP/PBM) on primary intravaginal anejaculation, and its possible mechanism. METHODS: A total of 95 PIAJ patients were randomly divided into three groups, including group A with 32 patients treated with the sexual therapy combined with VNPHP/PBM, group B with 32 patients treated with the sexual therapy and group C with 31 patients treated with VNPHP/PBM. The efficacy of therapeutic regimes, latency of the somatosensory evoked potentials of dorsal nerve (DNSEP), glans penis (GPSEP) and penile shaft sensory threshold (PSST), measures of sexual behavior of patients, as well as the self-rating anxiety scale (SAS) sores of patients and their partners, were compared before and after treatment among three groups. RESULTS: The total effective rate of group A (84.38%) was higher than those of groups B and C (53.13% and 41.94%), however, no differences were found between groups B and C. The ratios of patients and their partners with anxiety, frequency of observing erotic films of patients, ratios of patients with special self-masturbation and frequency of masturbation decreased significantly in the three groups after the treatment. The decrease in the ratios of patients and their partners with anxiety, frequency of observing erotic films of patients in groups A and B were higher than those of group C, however, no differences were identified between groups A and B. The decrease in the ratios of patients with special self-masturbation and frequency of masturbation in group A were higher than those of group B, however, no differences were found between groups A and C, B and C. There were no differences in the latency of DNSEP, GPSEP, and PSST among the three groups before and after treatment. CONCLUSION: The sexual therapy combined with VNPHP/PBM has good therapeutic effects on PIAJ, which might be achieved by reducing the anxiety level of patients and their partners, improving sexual behavioral patterns, rather than increasing the sensitivity of penis including dorsal nerve and glans penis.

4.
Polymers (Basel) ; 16(6)2024 Mar 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38543365

RESUMO

In this study, a Bacillus halotolerans (B. halotolerans) strain DT1 capable of producing exopolysaccharides (EPS) was isolated from dried cabbages of Tianjin, a local fermented vegetable product. Three distinct polysaccharide fractions were isolated from the fermentation broth of DT1, namely, DT1-0, DT1-2, and DT1-5. The structural composition and properties of these fractions were investigated. The predominant EPS, DT1-0, was identified as a novel heteropolysaccharide composed of fructose and glucose with branched structures. The repeating unit was determined to be [4)-α-D-Glcp-(1→6)-α-D-Glcp-(1→6)-ß-D-Fruf-(2→6)-ß-D-Fruf-(2→6-)-ß-D-Fruf-(2→], with fructose and glucose connected by ß-(2→1) and α-(1→4) glycosidic linkages between the third fructose and the first glucose, respectively. The molecular weight (Mw) was estimated to be 4.253 × 103 Da. DT1-0 presented a smooth and porous surface structure as observed through SEM and exhibited a water-holding capacity of 504 ± 5.3%, maximum thermal stability at 245 °C, and an oil-holding capacity of 387 ± 1.9% for coconut oil. DT1-2 was identified as a fructooligosaccharide. DT1-5 was characterized as a polysaccharide composed of glucose and fructose. In conclusion, these findings provide substantial support for the further application of B. subtilis strain DT1 and its EPS fractions, DT1-0, DT1-2, and DT1-5, as potential alternatives for functional food additives or ingredients.

5.
Cell Tissue Res ; 395(3): 285-297, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38353742

RESUMO

Leydig cell (LCs) apoptosis is responsible for decreased serum testosterone levels during late-onset hypogonadism (LOH). Our study was designed to illustrate the regulatory effect of lncRNA XIST on LCs and to clarify its molecular mechanism of action in LOH. The Leydig cells (TM3) was treated by 300 µM H2O2 for 8 h to establish Leydig cell oxidative stress model in vitro. The expression levels of lncRNA XIST in the testicular tissues of patients with LOH were measured using fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). The interaction between lncRNA XIST/SIRT1 and miR-145a-5p was assessed using starBase and dual-luciferase reporter gene assays. Apoptotic cells and Caspase3 activity were determined by flow cytometry (FCM) assay. Testosterone concentration was determined by ELISA. Moreover, histological assessment of testicles in mice was performed by using HE staining and the TUNEL assay was used to determine apoptosis. We found that the lncRNA XIST was downregulated in the testicular tissues of LOH patients and mice and in H2O2-induced TM3 cells. XIST siRNA significantly promoted apoptosis, enhanced Caspase3 activity and reduced testosterone levels in H2O2-stimulated TM3 cells. Further studies showed that the miR-145a-5p inhibitor reversed the effect of XIST-siRNA on H2O2-induced Leydig cell apoptosis. MiR-145a-5p negatively regulated SIRT1 expression, and SIRT1-siRNA reversed the effects of the miR-145a-5p inhibitor on H2O2 stimulated TM3 cells. The in vivo experiments indicated that silencing of the lncRNA XIST aggravated LOH symptoms in mice. Inhibition of lncRNA XIST induces Leydig cell apoptosis through the miR-145a-5p/SIRT1 axis in the progression of LOH.


Assuntos
Hipogonadismo , MicroRNAs , RNA Longo não Codificante , Animais , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Apoptose , Proliferação de Células/genética , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Hipogonadismo/genética , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Células Intersticiais do Testículo/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , RNA Endógeno Competitivo , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , RNA Interferente Pequeno/metabolismo , Sirtuína 1/genética , Testosterona/farmacologia
6.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 1917, 2024 01 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38253558

RESUMO

Adipose tissue-derived stem cells (ADSCs) have been shown to improve erectile function in animal models of erectile dysfunction. However, few studies have been carried out using a reliable in vivo imaging method to trace transplanted cells in real time, which is necessary for systematic investigation of cell therapy. The study aims to explore the feasibility of non-invasively monitoring intracavernous injection of ADSCs in rat and miniature pig corpus cavernosum using in vivo magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. Thirty-six male Sprague Dawley rats (10 weeks old) and six healthy, sexually mature male miniature pigs (20 kg weight) were obtained. ADSCs were isolated from paratesticular fat of donor rats and cultured. Then ADSCs were labeled with superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs), a type of MR imaging contrast agent, before transplantation into rats and pigs. After intracavernous injection, all rats and pigs underwent and were analyzed by MR imaging at the day of ADSC transplantation and follow-up at 1, 2 and 4 weeks after transplantation. In addition, penile histological examination was performed on all rats and pigs before (n = 6) and at 1 day (n = 6), 1 week (n = 6), 2 weeks (n = 6) or 4 weeks (n = 12) after ADSC transplantation. SPION-labeled ADSCs demonstrated a strong decreased signal intensity compared with distilled water, unlabeled ADSCs or agarose gel. SPION-labeled ADSCs showed a hypointense signal at all concentrations, and the greatest hypointense signal was observed at the concentration of 1 × 106. MR images of the corpus cavernosum showed a hypointense signal located at the injection site. T2*-weighted signal intensity increased over the course of 1 week after ADSCs transplantation, and demonstrated a similar MR signal with that before ADSCs transplantation. After SPION-labeled ADSC injection, T2*-weighted MR imaging clearly demonstrated a marked hypointense signal in pig corpus cavernosum. The T2*-weighted signal faded over time, similar to the MR imaging results in rats. Obvious acute inflammatory exudation was induced by intracavernous injection, and the T2*-weighted signal intensity of these exudation was higher than that of the injection site. The presence of iron was detected by Prussian blue staining, which demonstrated ADSC retention in rat corpus cavernosum. Lack of cellular infiltrations were demonstrated by H&E staining before and 4 weeks after transplantation, which indicated no negative immune response by rats. Prussian blue staining was positive for iron oxide nanoparticles at 2 weeks after transplantation. SPION-labeled ADSCs showed a clear hypointense signal on T2-weight MRI in vitro and in vivo. The MR signal intensity in the corpus cavernosum of the rats and miniature pigs faded and disappeared over time after ADSC transplantation. These findings suggested that MR imaging could trace transplanted ADSCs in the short term in the corpus cavernosum of animals.


Assuntos
Ferrocianetos , Nanopartículas Magnéticas de Óxido de Ferro , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Ratos , Animais , Suínos , Porco Miniatura , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
7.
Asian J Androl ; 2024 Jan 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38284776

RESUMO

The long-term safety and effectiveness of once-daily tadalafil is crucial, but limited data are available in Chinese patients with erectile dysfunction (ED). In this post-marketing, multicenter, randomized, open-label trial with 2-year follow-up, 635 ED cases were randomized to receive daily oral tadalafil 2.5 mg or 5 mg for 3 months, of whom 580 continued once-daily tadalafil 5 mg for 21 months. Treatment-emergent adverse events in the 12-month and 24-month period were similar, with the most common being viral upper respiratory tract infection, upper respiratory tract infection, and headache. Significant improvement from baseline in the International Index of Erectile Function-Erectile Function (IIEF-EF) score was detected at month 12 (least squares mean [LSM] change: 7.9, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 7.5-8.4, P < 0.001) and was maintained to month 24 (LSM change: 8.6, 95% CI: 8.1-9.0, P < 0.001). The proportions of patients regaining normal erectile function (IIEF-EF score ≥26) were 43.7% and 48.0% at months 12 and 24, respectively. Global Assessment Questionnaire results showed improved erection function in 97.5% of patients and improved ability to engage in sexual activity in 95.9% of patients at month 12; these values were 96.1% and 95.0% at month 24, respectively. The quality of sexual life score based on the Sexual Life Quality Questionnaire (SLQQ) was increased by 52.2% at month 12 and by 55.3% at month 24 (both P < 0.001). The treatment satisfaction score determined by SLQQ (mean ± standard deviation) was 62.4 ± 21.0 at month 12 versus 65.9 ± 20.2 at month 24. Two-year daily application of tadalafil 5 mg in Chinese men with ED showed a favorable safety profile and durable improvement in sexual performance and satisfaction.

8.
Sci Rep ; 13(1): 17539, 2023 10 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37845325

RESUMO

Given that sexual behavior is usually pleasurable and highly rewarding, it is surprising that there is as yet no known research to empirically assess how premature ejaculation (PE) patients respond to the rewarding aspect of sexual behavior. This study was designed to address this issue by evaluating how these men respond to the anticipation and hedonic experience of sexual rewards in comparison to non-sexual rewards. Thirty lifelong PE patients and thirty healthy controls (HCs) performed the incentive delay task manipulating both erotic and monetary rewards. Compared to HCs, lifelong PE patients exhibited significantly faster RTs to erotic cues than to monetary cues during reward anticipation. Meanwhile, hedonic experience ratings after obtaining the actual reward showed that erotic rewards were rated as more pleasant than monetary rewards only by lifelong PE patients, which was driven by a decreased sensitivity to experienced monetary rewards in lifelong PE patients compared to HCs. These findings indicate the existence of dysfunctional reward processing in lifelong PE patients, which is characterized by increased incentive motivation elicited by sexual cues and reduced hedonic impact of nonsexual rewards. This study may offer an insightful clue regarding how PE is related to the abnormal regulation of the rewarding aspect of sexual behavior.


Assuntos
Ejaculação Precoce , Masculino , Humanos , Comportamento Sexual , Motivação , Emoções , Recompensa , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Ejaculação/fisiologia
9.
World J Mens Health ; 2023 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37853539

RESUMO

Male infertility (MI) and male sexual dysfunction (MSD) can often coexist together due to various interplay factors such as psychosexual, sociocultural and relationship dynamics. The presence of each form of MSD can adversely impact male reproduction and treatment strategies will need to be individualized based on patients' factors, local expertise, and geographical socioeconomic status. The Asia Pacific Society of Sexual Medicine (APSSM) and the Asian Society of Men's Health and Aging (ASMHA) aim to provide a consensus statement and practical set of clinical recommendations based on current evidence to guide clinicians in the management of MI and MSD within the Asia-Pacific (AP) region. A comprehensive, narrative review of the literature was performed to identify the various forms of MSD and their association with MI. MEDLINE and EMBASE databases were searched for the following English language articles under the following terms: "low libido", "erectile dysfunction", "ejaculatory dysfunction", "premature ejaculation", "retrograde ejaculation", "delayed ejaculation", "anejaculation", and "orgasmic dysfunction" between January 2001 to June 2022 with emphasis on published guidelines endorsed by various organizations. This APSSM consensus committee panel evaluated and provided evidence-based recommendations on MI and clinically relevant MSD areas using a modified Delphi method by the panel and specific emphasis on locoregional socio-economic-cultural issues relevant to the AP region. While variations exist in treatment strategies for managing MI and MSD due to geographical expertise, locoregional resources, and sociocultural factors, the panel agreed that comprehensive fertility evaluation with a multidisciplinary management approach to each MSD domain is recommended. It is important to address individual MI issues with an emphasis on improving spermatogenesis and facilitating reproductive avenues while at the same time, managing various MSD conditions with evidence-based treatments. All therapeutic options should be discussed and implemented based on the patient's individual needs, beliefs and preferences while incorporating locoregional expertise and available resources.

10.
Asian J Androl ; 25(6): 699-703, 2023 11 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37800899

RESUMO

Recent research has highlighted structural and functional abnormalities in the cerebral cortex of patients with premature ejaculation (PE). These anomalies could play a pivotal role in the physiological mechanisms underlying PE. This study leveraged functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), a noninvasive technique, to explore these neural mechanisms. We conducted resting-state fMRI scans on 36 PE patients and 22 healthy controls (HC), and collected data on Premature Ejaculation Diagnostic Tool (PEDT) scores and intravaginal ejaculation latency time (IELT). Employing a surface-based regional homogeneity (ReHo) approach, we analyzed local neural synchronous spontaneous activity, diverging from previous studies that utilized a volume-based ReHo method. Areas with significant ReHo differences between PE and HC groups underwent surface-based functional connectivity (FC) analysis. Significant discrepancies in ReHo and FC across the cortical surface were observed in the PE cohort. Notably, PE patients exhibited decreased ReHo in the left triangular inferior frontal gyrus and enhanced ReHo in the right middle frontal gyrus. The latter showed heightened connectivity with the left lingual gyrus and the right orbital superior frontal gyrus. Furthermore, a correlation between ReHo and FC values with PEDT scores and IELT was found in the PE group. Our findings, derived from surface-based fMRI data, underscore specific brain regions linked to the neurobiological underpinnings of PE.


Assuntos
Ejaculação Precoce , Masculino , Humanos , Mapeamento Encefálico/métodos , Encéfalo , Córtex Cerebral , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos
11.
Basic Clin Androl ; 33(1): 8, 2023 Feb 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36792987

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak has had a widespread and profound impact on people's mental health. The factors associated with mental symptoms among men diagnosed with infertility, a disease closely related to psychological conditions, remain unclear. The aim of this study is to investigate the risk factors associated with mental symptoms among infertile Chinese men during the pandemic. RESULTS: A total of 4,098 eligible participants were recruited in this cross-sectional, nationwide study, including 2,034 (49.6%) with primary infertility and 2,064 (50.4%) with secondary infertility. The prevalence of mental health conditions was 36.3%, 39.6%, and 6.7% for anxiety, depression, and post-pandemic stress, respectively. Sexual dysfunction is associated with a higher risk with adjusted odds ratios (ORs) of 1.40 for anxiety, 1.38 for depression, and 2.32 for stress. Men receiving infertility drug therapy displayed a higher risk for anxiety (adjusted OR, 1.31) and depression (adjusted OR, 1.28) symptoms, while those receiving intrauterine insemination had a lower risk of anxiety (adjusted OR, 0.56) and depression (adjusted OR, 0.55) symptoms. CONCLUSION: The COVID-19 pandemic has had a significant psychological impact on infertile men. Several psychologically vulnerable populations were identified, including individuals with sexual dysfunction, respondents receiving infertility drug therapy, and those experiencing control measures for COVID-19. The findings provide a comprehensive profile of the mental health status of infertile Chinese men during the COVID-19 outbreak and provide potential psychological intervention strategies.


RéSUMé: CONTEXTE: L'épidémie de maladie à coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) a eu un impact étendu et profond sur la santé mentale des gens. Les facteurs associés aux symptômes mentaux chez les hommes diagnostiqués comme infertiles, une maladie étroitement liée aux conditions psychologiques, restent flous. L'objectif de cette étude est d'étudier les facteurs de risque associés aux symptômes mentaux chez les hommes chinois infertiles pendant la pandémie. RéSULTATS: Au total, 4 098 participants admissibles ont été recrutés dans cette étude transversale à l'échelle nationale, dont 2 034 (49,6%) présentaient une infertilité primaire et 2 064 (50,4%) une infertilité secondaire. La prévalence des problèmes de santé mentale était respectivement de 36,3 %, 39,6 % et 6,7 % pour l'anxiété, la dépression, et le stress postpandémique. La dysfonction sexuelle est associée à un risque plus élevé avec des odds ratios ajustés (OR) de 1,40 pour l'anxiété, 1,38 pour la dépression et 2,32 pour le stress. Les hommes recevant un traitement médicamenteux contre l'infertilité présentaient un risque plus élevé de symptômes d'anxiété (OR ajusté, 1,31) et de dépression (OR ajusté, 1,28), alors que ceux dont le traitement consistait à faire des inséminations intra-utérines présentaient un risque plus faible de symptômes d'anxiété (OR ajusté, 0,56) et de dépression (OR ajusté, 0,55). CONCLUSIONS: La pandémie de COVID-19 a eu un impact psychologique important sur les hommes infertiles. Plusieurs populations psychologiquement vulnérables ont été identifiées, notamment les personnes souffrant de dysfonction sexuelle, les hommes recevant un traitement médicamenteux contre l'infertilité, et ceux subissant des mesures de contrôle de la COVID-19. Les résultats fournissent un profil complet de l'état de santé mentale des hommes Chinois infertiles pendant l'épidémie de COVID-19 et fournissent des stratégies potentielles d'intervention psychologique.

12.
Asian J Androl ; 25(1): 137-142, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35488667

RESUMO

Selective dorsal neurotomy (SDN) is a surgical treatment for primary premature ejaculation (PE), but there is still no standard surgical procedure for selecting the branches of the dorsal penile nerves to be removed. We performed this study to explore the value of intraoperative neurophysiological monitoring (IONM) of the penile sensory-evoked potential (PSEP) for standard surgical procedures in SDN. One hundred and twenty primary PE patients undergoing SDN were selected as the PE group and 120 non-PE patients were selected as the normal group. The PSEP was monitored and compared between the two groups under both natural and general anesthesia (GA) states. In addition, patients in the PE group were randomly divided into the IONM group and the non-IONM group. During SDN surgery, PSEP parameters of the IONM group were recorded and analyzed. The differences in PE-related outcome measurements between the perioperative period and 3 months' postoperation were compared for the PE patients, and the differences in effectiveness and complications between the IONM group and the non-IONM group were compared. The results showed that the average latency of the PSEP in the PE group was shorter than that in the normal group under both natural and GA states (P < 0.001). Three months after surgery, the significant effective rates in the IONM and non-IONM groups were 63.6% and 34.0%, respectively (P < 0.01), and the difference in complications between the two groups was significant (P < 0.05). IONM might be useful in improving the short-term therapeutic effectiveness and reducing the complications of SDN.


Assuntos
Monitorização Neurofisiológica Intraoperatória , Ejaculação Precoce , Masculino , Humanos , Ejaculação Precoce/cirurgia , Monitorização Neurofisiológica Intraoperatória/métodos , Estudos Prospectivos , Procedimentos Neurocirúrgicos/métodos , Pênis/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos
13.
Zhonghua Nan Ke Xue ; 29(10): 922-927, 2023 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38639663

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the correlation, consistency, and variations between two assays of DNA fragmentation index based on acridine orange (AO) staining via AI-based fluorescence microscopy(AI-DFI), and flow cytometry (FCM-DFI) across multiple centers. METHODS: We selected 421 male patients from Nanjing Drum Tower hospital ( Hospital G) (226 cases), Eastern Theatre General Hospital (Hospital J) (89 cases) and Jiangsu Province Hospital (Hospital S) (106 cases) . Semen samples from each patient were analyzed for routine semen parameters and for DFI using both AI fluorescence microscopy and flow cytometry. We studied the two methods' stability as well as the correlation, consistency, and variation between the two methods' results in various centers. RESULTS: The two replicate studies' results of AI-DFI and the three centers' FCM-DFI for linear regression analysis indicated strong stability (R2>0.9).Overall(Group A), the AI-DFI results demonstrated good correlation and consistency with the FCM-DFI results of three centers (r>0.85;ICC>0.9).The semen specimens were categorized into two groups: normal specimen group (group B) and abnormal specimen group (group C) (including asthenozoospermia, oligospermia, and semen samples with high impurities).Group C's results showed a decline in correlation and consistency when compared to group A and group B, whereas group B's results showed a little rise in correlation and consistency when compared to group A. Although the consistency and correlation between the results of the two DFI testing methods in the three centers were good, there was still a significant difference between Groups A and C (P<0.05), and in Group B there was a significant difference between the two DFI testing methods only in Hospital G (p=0.02), with no significant difference in Hospitals J and S (P> 0.05). CONCLUSION: The two detection methods exhibit good stability and correlation. However, significant differences are observed in the DFI detection methods in samples with abnormal semen parameters and high complexity. The main reason for these significant differences may lie in the variations in detection principles. Each detection method has its own advantages, allowing clinical or research settings to choose between them based on laboratory conditions or specific requirements.


Assuntos
Infertilidade Masculina , Sêmen , Humanos , Masculino , Análise do Sêmen/métodos , Citometria de Fluxo/métodos , Fragmentação do DNA , Espermatozoides , Microscopia de Fluorescência , Coloração e Rotulagem , Inteligência Artificial , Infertilidade Masculina/diagnóstico , Infertilidade Masculina/genética
14.
Aging Male ; 25(1): 257-265, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36102620

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To explore the value of dual-energy computed tomography (DE-CT) angiography in diagnosis of arteriogenic erectile dysfunction (ED) patients and feasibility of new scanning area that excludes the testis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ninety-three patients suspected of suffering arterial ED and 40 health volunteers underwent penile duplex Doppler ultrasound and DE-CT angiography (DE-CTA). The scanning range of DE-CTA covered whole arterial system of pelvis and testis was excluded. Two blinded investigators independently evaluated the arterial system that supplies the penis. RESULTS: Finally, 1596 segments were evaluated and 470 segments were judged to be abnormal. The distribution was: 2 (0.4%) in common iliac artery, 7 (1.5%) in internal iliac artery, 82 (17.5%) in internal pudendal artery, 89 (18.9%) in penile artery, 120 (25.5%) in dorsal artery, and 170 (36.2%) in cavernosal artery. The specificity, sensitivity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value of DE-CTA in diagnostic were 86.02%, 87.50%, 94.12%, and 72.92%. Besides, the new scan area allowed for effective evaluation of the arteries while excluding the testis. CONCLUSION: DE-CTA can provide unbiased, safe evaluation of the vascular status of the penile bed in patients with ED.


Assuntos
Disfunção Erétil , Impotência Vasculogênica , Artérias/diagnóstico por imagem , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Disfunção Erétil/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Impotência Vasculogênica/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Tecnologia
15.
J Sex Med ; 19(10): 1536-1545, 2022 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35999130

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A recent sham-controlled clinical study has shown that low-intensity pulsed ultrasound twice per week can safely and effectively treat patients with mild-to-moderate erectile dysfunction (ED). However, large-scale clinical trials are needed to verify its efficacy and safety and determine a reasonable treatment interval. AIM: To study whether low-intensity pulsed ultrasound therapy thrice per week is non-inferior to twice per week in patients with mild-to-moderate ED. METHODS: A randomized, open-label, parallel-group, non-inferiority clinical trial was conducted in 7 hospitals in China. A total of 323 patients with mild-to-moderate ED were randomized (1:1) into thrice per week (3/W) and twice per week (2/W) groups. Low-intensity pulsed ultrasound was applied on each side of the penis for 16 sessions. OUTCOMES: The primary outcome was response rate using the minimal clinically important difference in the International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF-EF) score at week 12. Secondary outcomes included Erection Hardness Score (EHS), Sexual Encounter Profile, Global Assessment Question, and Self Esteem and Relationship Questionnaire. RESULTS: Response rates in 3/W and 2/W groups were 62.0% and 62.5%, respectively. Treatment effect in the 3/W group was noninferior to that of the 2/W group, with rate difference lower bound of -0.01% [95% confidence interval -0.11 to 0.10%] within the acceptable margin (-14.0%). No significant difference was found among secondary outcomes. IIEF-EF score showed a significant increase from baseline in the 3/W group (16.8 to 20.7) and 2/W group (17.8 to 21.7), and the percentage of patients with EHS ≥3 increased in the 3/W (54.9% to 84.0%) and 2/W (59.5% to 83.5%) groups. There was no significant difference in response rate between the 2 groups after controlling for strata factors and homogeneous tests. No treatment-related adverse events were reported. CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS: Low-intensity pulsed ultrasound therapy displays similar efficacy and safety for mild-to-moderate ED when administered thrice or twice per week for 16 sessions. This study provides two options to suit patients' needs. STRENGTHS & LIMITATIONS: This is a large-sample, randomized, controlled, noninferiority trial study. Short-term follow-up and mostly younger patients are the main limitations. CONCLUSION: Low-intensity pulsed ultrasound therapy thrice and twice per week showed equivalent therapeutic effects and safety for mild-to-moderate ED in a young and generally healthy population. This therapy warrants further investigation of its potential value in rehabilitation of ED. Chen, H., Li Z., Li X., et al. The Efficacy and Safety of Thrice vs Twice per Week Low-Intensity Pulsed Ultrasound Therapy for Erectile Dysfunction: A Randomized Clinical Trial. J Sex Med 2022;19:1536-1545.


Assuntos
Disfunção Erétil , Método Duplo-Cego , Humanos , Masculino , Ereção Peniana , Pênis , Resultado do Tratamento , Ondas Ultrassônicas
16.
Andrologia ; 54(8): e14500, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35760074

RESUMO

The primary goal of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to compare the efficacy and safety of fluoxetine with other oral pharmaceuticals in the treatment of premature ejaculation (PE). We searched through databases including CNKI, PubMed, EMBASE and Cochrane to find research published up to 31 March 2022. PROSPERO was used to pre-register this meta-analysis (registration number CRD42022315459). Two separate writers extracted relevant details from all of the papers included in the study. To analyse the quality of literature publishing, we used the Cochrane risk of bias tool. The severity of premature ejaculation was determined using intravaginal ejaculatory latency time (IELT), and the effectiveness and safety of pharmacological interventions were determined using standardized mean difference (SMD) and risk ratio (RR) values with matching 95% confidence level intervals (95% CIs). Our meta-analysis includes a total of ten trials to investigate into the differences in treatment efficacy and safety between fluoxetine and other medicines. The findings revealed that fluoxetine was more effective than placebo in treating PE, whereas sertraline and paroxetine were more effective than fluoxetine (p < 0.05). The side effects of the medications were not significantly different, and they were all acceptable. The results of the sensitivity analysis were unaffected by the removal of any of the articles. There was no evidence of bias in the media. This meta-analysis examined the differences in efficacy and safety between fluoxetine and other oral medications and can be used by clinicians in the treatment of PE.


Assuntos
Ejaculação Precoce , Ejaculação , Fluoxetina/farmacologia , Fluoxetina/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Masculino , Paroxetina/uso terapêutico , Ejaculação Precoce/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores Seletivos de Recaptação de Serotonina/farmacologia , Inibidores Seletivos de Recaptação de Serotonina/uso terapêutico , Sertralina , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Urol Int ; 106(10): 1025-1032, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35378535

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: A few studies involved the relationship between vitamin D and diabetes mellitus (DM) with erectile dysfunction (ED), and no meta-analysis was conducted to pool these data. The main purpose of our study was to examine the changes in serum vitamin D levels in patients with DM combined with ED. METHODS: An extensive search was performed, including the following words: "erectile dysfunction," "diabetes," and "vitamin D." Databases, including Cochrane Library, PubMed, and Web of Science, were retrieved to identify studies published up to September 30, 2021. Four studies were eligible for our meta-analysis. RESULTS: The weighted mean difference and their corresponding 95% confidence intervals were calculated to the data we selected. The results showed that the level of vitamin D in DM with ED was significantly lower (12.5 nmol/mL) than patients with diabetes alone (p = 0.002). CONCLUSION: Our novel meta-analysis suggests that vitamin D may be a risk factor for DM with ED, which can provide a new idea for the treatment and prevention of DM with ED.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Disfunção Erétil , Deficiência de Vitamina D , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Disfunção Erétil/etiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Fatores de Risco , Vitamina D , Deficiência de Vitamina D/complicações , Vitaminas
18.
Sex Med ; 10(3): 100509, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35398789

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Leptin, which was only discovered in humans in 1994, has recently been shown to have a possible link with premature ejaculation. AIM: To evaluate whether serum leptin levels differed between patients with premature ejaculation and healthy men, and to analyze the changes in leptin levels before and after treatment. METHODS: Six studies assessing the relationship between leptin and premature ejaculation published up to October 2021 were identified from multiple databases (PubMed, Web of Science, Cochrane) and the data were analyzed by Stata software. OUTCOMES: Differences in leptin levels in premature ejaculation patients and healthy people, and changes of leptin levels in premature ejaculation population before and after treatment. RESULTS: Analysis of studies assessing differences in leptin concentrations between patients with PE and healthy men showed that there was a statistically significant difference in leptin levels between PE patients and controls (WMD (95% CI) = 17.89 (8.64, 27.14), P < .001). On the other hand, the analysis of data from 3 studies describing serum leptin levels in PE patients before and after treatment with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) showed that there was a significant decrease with leptin levels in PE patients after treatment (WMD (95%CI) = 22.06 (17.21, 26.92), P < .001). CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS: It is possible that leptin can be used as a new marker for premature ejaculation. STRENGTH & LIMITATIONS: The strength of this study is that it is the first meta- analysis to assess the differences of serum leptin levels between patients with premature ejaculation and healthy subjects and the changes of leptin levels before and after treatment in patients with premature ejaculation. A major limitation is that a greater heterogeneity was identified through our analysis, however we did not find a definitive source of heterogeneity. CONCLUSION: There was a statistically significant relationship between serum leptin levels and patients with PE. In addition, serum leptin levels in patients with PE decreased significantly after 8 weeks of treatment with SSRIs. Liu G, Zhang Y, Zhang W, et al. Novel Marker for Premature Ejaculation: Serum Leptin Level. Sex Med 2022;10:100509.

19.
Nat Sci Sleep ; 14: 255-263, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35228824

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To determine the role of poor sleep quality as a risk factor for acquired premature ejaculation (APE) after considering the various risk factors, such as ages, lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS), anxiety, depression, and erectile dysfunction. METHODS: This study presents a multivariate analysis to identify risk factors for PE, including the covariate of age, International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS), General Anxiety Disorder-7 (GAD-7) score, Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) score, International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF) score, and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI). Acquired PE was defined as self-reported intravaginal ejaculation latency time ≤3 minutes, and poor sleep quality was diagnosed using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index tool. RESULTS: A total of 349 men were enrolled in the study after completing the questionnaires and the medical history survey. Among 349 men, 203 individuals (58.17%) suffered from acquired PE. The IIEF-5 score, IPSS, GAD-7 score, PHQ-9 score, and PSQI score of the population with PE were significantly different from the non-PE group. Further multivariate analysis showed that erectile dysfunction, depression, severe prostatitis-like symptoms, and poor sleep quality were high-risk factors of APE. Additionally, our study showed that premature ejaculation diagnostic tool (PEDT) score was associated with IPSS/GAD-7/PHQ-9/PSQI scores positively and associated with IIEF-5 scores negatively. The stratified analysis of sleep quality showed that APE patients with different sleep qualities have different prevalence rates of anxiety, depression, prostatitis-like symptoms, and erectile function. CONCLUSION: In general, sleep quality may be a potential risk factor for patients with acquired premature ejaculation. Our research revealed the impact of sleep quality on premature ejaculation and provided new viewpoints for further understanding and perfecting the pathogenesis of premature ejaculation.

20.
Asian J Androl ; 24(6): 666-670, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35229761

RESUMO

Silent information regulator 2-related enzyme 1 (SIRT1) is an aging-related protein activated with aging. Herein, we evaluated the role of SIRT1 in aging-related erectile dysfunction. The expression of SIRT1 was modulated in aged Sprague-Dawley rats following intragastric administration of resveratrol (Res; 5 mg kg-1), niacinamide (NAM; 500 mg kg-1) or Res (5 mg kg-1) + tadalafil (Tad; phosphodiesterase-5 [PDE5] inhibitor; 5 mg kg-1) for 8 weeks. Then, we determined erectile function by the ratio of intracavernosal pressure (ICP)/mean systemic arterial pressure (MAP). Cavernosal tissues were extracted to evaluate histological changes, cell apoptosis, nitric oxide (NO)/cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP), the superoxide dismutase (SOD)/3,4-methylenedioxyamphetamine (MDA) level, and the expression of SIRT1, p53, and forkhead box O3 (FOXO3a) using immunohistochemistry, terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase (TdT)-mediated 2'-deoxyuridine 5'-triphosphate (dUTP) nick-end labeling (TUNEL), enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays, and western blot analysis. Compared with the control, Res treatment significantly improved erectile function, reflected by an increased content of smooth muscle and endothelium, NO/cGMP and SOD activity, and reduced cell apoptosis and MDA levels. The effect of Res was improved by adding Tad. In addition, the protein expression of SIRT1 was increased in the Res group, accompanied by decreased p53 and FOXO3a levels. In addition, inhibition of SIRT1 by NAM treatment resulted in adverse results compared with Res treatment. SIRT1 activation ameliorated aging-related erectile dysfunction, supporting the potential of SIRT1 as a target for erectile dysfunction treatment.


Assuntos
Disfunção Erétil , Sirtuína 1 , Animais , Masculino , Ratos , GMP Cíclico/metabolismo , Disfunção Erétil/metabolismo , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Ereção Peniana , Pênis/patologia , Inibidores da Fosfodiesterase 5/farmacologia , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Sirtuína 1/metabolismo , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/metabolismo
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