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1.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 11(6)2021 May 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34067260

RESUMO

Optically addressable high-spin states (S ≥ 1) of defects in semiconductors are the basis for the development of solid-state quantum technologies. Recently, one such defect has been found in hexagonal boron nitride (hBN) and identified as a negatively charged boron vacancy (VB-). To explore and utilize the properties of this defect, one needs to design a robust way for its creation in an hBN crystal. We investigate the possibility of creating VB- centers in an hBN single crystal by means of irradiation with a high-energy (E = 2 MeV) electron flux. Optical excitation of the irradiated sample induces fluorescence in the near-infrared range together with the electron spin resonance (ESR) spectrum of the triplet centers with a zero-field splitting value of D = 3.6 GHz, manifesting an optically induced population inversion of the ground state spin sublevels. These observations are the signatures of the VB- centers and demonstrate that electron irradiation can be reliably used to create these centers in hBN. Exploration of the VB- spin resonance line shape allowed us to establish the source of the line broadening, which occurs due to the slight deviation in orientation of the two-dimensional B-N atomic plains being exactly parallel relative to each other. The results of the analysis of the broadening mechanism can be used for the crystalline quality control of the 2D materials, using the VB- spin embedded in the hBN as a probe.

2.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 19048, 2020 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33149244

RESUMO

Core-shell nanorods (NRs) with InGaN/GaN quantum wells (QWs) are promising for monolithic white light-emitting diodes and multi-color displays. Such applications, however, are still a challenge because intensity of the red band is too weak compared with blue and green. To clarify this problem, we measured photoluminescence of different NRs, depending on power and temperature, as well as with time resolution. These studies have shown that dominant emission bands come from nonpolar and semipolar QWs, while a broad yellow-red band arises mainly from defects in the GaN core. An emission from polar QWs located at the NR tip is indistinguishable against the background of defect-related luminescence. Our calculations of electromagnetic field distribution inside the NRs show a low density of photon states at the tip, which additionally suppresses the radiation of polar QWs. We propose placing polar QWs inside a cylindrical part of the core, where the density of photon states is higher and the well area is much larger. Such a hybrid design, in which the excess of blue radiation from shell QWs is converted to red radiation in core wells, can help solve the urgent problem of red light for many applications of NRs.

3.
Materials (Basel) ; 13(16)2020 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32764315

RESUMO

Development of molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) of two-dimensional (2D) layered materials is an inevitable step in realizing novel devices based on 2D materials and heterostructures. However, due to existence of numerous polytypes and occurrence of additional phases, the synthesis of 2D films remains a difficult task. This paper reports on MBE growth of GaSe, InSe, and GaTe layers and related heterostructures on GaAs(001) substrates by using a Se valve cracking cell and group III metal effusion cells. The sophisticated self-consistent analysis of X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, and Raman spectroscopy data was used to establish the correlation between growth conditions, formed polytypes and additional phases, surface morphology and crystalline structure of the III-VI 2D layers. The photoluminescence and Raman spectra of the grown films are discussed in detail to confirm or correct the structural findings. The requirement of a high growth temperature for the fabrication of optically active 2D layers was confirmed for all materials. However, this also facilitated the strong diffusion of group III metals in III-VI and III-VI/II-VI heterostructures. In particular, the strong In diffusion into the underlying ZnSe layers was observed in ZnSe/InSe/ZnSe quantum well structures, and the Ga diffusion into the top InSe layer grown at ~450 °C was confirmed by the Raman data in the InSe/GaSe heterostructures. The results on fabrication of the GaSe/GaTe quantum well structures are presented as well, although the choice of optimum growth temperatures to make them optically active is still a challenge.

4.
Nanotechnology ; 29(31): 314003, 2018 Aug 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29757753

RESUMO

Fermi level pinning at the oxidized (110) surfaces of III-As nanowires (GaAs, InAs, InGaAs, AlGaAs) is studied. Using scanning gradient Kelvin probe microscopy, we show that the Fermi level at oxidized cleavage surfaces of ternary Al x Ga1-x As (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.45) and Ga x In1-x As (0 ≤ x ≤ 1) alloys is pinned at the same position of 4.8 ± 0.1 eV with regard to the vacuum level. The finding implies a unified mechanism of the Fermi level pinning for such surfaces. Further investigation, performed by Raman scattering and photoluminescence spectroscopy, shows that photooxidation of the Al x Ga1-x As and Ga x In1-x As nanowires leads to the accumulation of an excess of arsenic on their crystal surfaces which is accompanied by a strong decrease of the band-edge photoluminescence intensity. We conclude that the surface excess arsenic in crystalline or amorphous forms is responsible for the Fermi level pinning at oxidized (110) surfaces of III-As nanowires.

5.
ACS Nano ; 11(6): 6336-6345, 2017 06 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28494148

RESUMO

Regardless of the widely accepted opinion that there is no Raman signal from single-layer graphene when it is strongly bonded to a metal surface, we present Raman spectra of a graphene monolayer on Ni(111) and Co(0001) substrates. The high binding energy of carbon to these surfaces allows formation of lattice-matched (1 × 1) structures where graphene is significantly stretched. This is reflected in a record-breaking shift of the Raman G band by more than 100 cm-1 relative to the case of freestanding graphene. Using electron diffraction and photoemission spectroscopy, we explore the aforementioned systems together with polycrystalline graphene on Co and analyze possible intercalation of oxygen at ambient conditions. The results obtained are fully supported by Raman spectroscopy. Performing a theoretical investigation of the phonon dispersions of freestanding graphene and stretched graphene on the strongly interacting Co surface, we explain the main features of the Raman spectra. Our results create a reliable platform for application of Raman spectroscopy in diagnostics of chemisorbed graphene and related materials.

6.
Nanotechnology ; 27(39): 395606, 2016 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27560659

RESUMO

Nanodiamonds with the 'diamond' 1332.5 cm(-1) Raman line as narrow as 1.8 cm(-1) have been produced by reactive ion etching in oxygen plasma of heteroepitaxial diamond particles grown by microwave plasma enhanced chemical vapour deposition (MWPECVD) on silicon. After the etching, a doublet is recorded in the zero-phonon line photoluminescence spectra of an ensemble of silicon-vacancy (SiV) centres at 10 K. Each line of the doublet is split into two lines corresponding to the optical transitions between the split excited and ground energy levels of the SiV centres. These Raman and photoluminescent features have been observed previously only in low-strain homoepitaxial diamond films and single-crystal diamond.

7.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 8(1): 240-6, 2016 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26652757

RESUMO

We report the study of electrical transport in few-layered CVD-graphene located on nanostructured surfaces in view of its potential application as a transparent contact to optoelectronic devices. Two specific surfaces with a different characteristic feature scale are analyzed: semiconductor micropyramids covered with SiO2 layer and opal structures composed of SiO2 nanospheres. Scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM), as well as Raman spectroscopy, have been used to determine graphene/substrate surface profile. The graphene transfer on the opal face centered cubic arrangement of spheres with a diameter of 230 nm leads to graphene corrugation (graphene partially reproduces the opal surface profile). This structure results in a reduction by more than 3 times of the graphene sheet conductivity compared to the conductivity of reference graphene located on a planar SiO2 surface but does not affect the contact resistance to graphene. The graphene transfer onto an organized array of micropyramids results in a graphene suspension. Unlike opal, the graphene suspension on pyramids leads to a reduction of both the contact resistance and the sheet resistance of graphene compared to resistance of the reference graphene/flat SiO2 sample. The sample annealing is favorable to improve the contact resistance to CVD-graphene; however, it leads to the increase of its sheet resistance.

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