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1.
Food Chem ; 358: 129863, 2021 Apr 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33940298

RESUMO

Traditional high-salt fermented Suanyu is an ethnic fermented fish product in southwest China. Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) are the most appropriate strains because of their technological properties during ripening fermentation. The diversity of LAB in high-salt fermented Chinese Suanyu was examined through high-throughput sequencing (HTS), and the most suitable LAB strain was acquired through strain isolation and characterization, surimi simulation fermentation system, and principal component analysis (PCA). The processing adaptability of the strain was examined via Suanyu fermentation. Results showed that Lactobacillus, Tetragenococcus, and Weissella were the dominant bacteria in Suanyu, and their contributions were 53.99%, 35.60%, and 4.10%, respectively. The most suitable strain (Lactobacillus plantarum B7) rapidly produced acid, exhibited a strong antibacterial activity, showed salt tolerance, and had no amino acid decarboxylase activity. pH decreased to about 3.6. Eventually, the ability to tolerate 20% salt was observed, and the activity of amino acid decarboxylase was negative. Fermented Suanyu with B7 rapidly produced acid (11.7% d-1). The non-protein nitrogen (NPN) and total free amino acid (FAA) contents of fermented Suanyu were higher and its total volatile base nitrogen (TVB-N), thiobarbituric acid (TBARS), and biogenic amines (BAs) levels were lower than those of naturally fermented Suanyu. Therefore, B7 is a potential microbial starter for Suanyu industrial production.

2.
J Environ Manage ; 291: 112692, 2021 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33962288

RESUMO

In this work, a new structured linoleic-based hydroxytetrahydrofuran (HTHF) ester lubricant with excellent properties was developed. A synthesis route through regioselective enzymatic hydration was established, combining highly selective epoxidation with an intramolecular epoxide ring-opening reaction. The results proved that the enzymatic-chemical method is an alternative strategy for the conversion of linoleic acid into bio-lubricants. LiBr was revealed as an efficient catalyst (yields of 95.8%, and selectivity of 98.5%, respectively) for the intramolecular epoxide ring-opening reaction. The tribological properties test indicated that the HTHF bio-lubricants exhibited better performance than the commercial mineral oils. Physicochemical investigation further indicated that the product has a good thermal stability, with the Tonset around 300 °C. The kinematic viscosity and viscosity index indicated that the product is suitable to be applied for lubrication. In contrast with previous findings, this HTHF-structured bio-lubricant oil exhibited a superior low pour point (-64 °C) and provided great potential to be utilized in extreme cold working environments.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33945259

RESUMO

A supramolecular polymer, poly(N-acryloyl glycinamide) (PNAGA), with a bisamide group on each side of the chain forming multiple amide-hydrogen bonds was synthesized in this work as a binder for silicon (Si)-based anodes. This supramolecular polymer binder with improved mechanical properties presents good interfacial adhesion with Si particles forming hydrogen bonds and enhances the adhesive strength between the electrode material film and the copper current collector. Benefiting from the highly stable inter- and intramolecular multiple amide-hydrogen bonds of the PNAGA binder, the electrode structure maintains integrity and a stable solid electrolyte interphase (SEI) layer is formed on the surface of Si particles. The effect of different binders on the composition of the SEI film was also investigated by X-photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) characterization. In comparison with polyacrylamide (PAM), which has a similar structure to PNAGA, and the traditional sodium alginate (SA) binder, the Si electrode containing the PNAGA binder shows improved electrochemical performance. The capacity retention is 84% after 100 cycles at 420 mA g-1, and the capacity remains at 1942.6 mAh g-1 after 400 cycles at 1260 mA g-1. Even with a mass loading of 1.2 mg cm-2 Si, the electrode with the PNAGA binder exhibits high initial areal capacity (2.64 mAh cm-2) and good cycling performance (81% capacity retention after 50 cycles). Moreover, the application of the PNAGA binder also brings a stable cycle performance to the commercial Si-graphite (SiC) anode material.

4.
Environ Res ; 197: 111085, 2021 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33812874

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To evaluate the impact of air pollution exposure on semen quality parameters during COVID-19 outbreak in China, and to identify potential windows of susceptibility for semen quality. METHODS: A retrospective observational study was carried out on 1991 semen samples collected between November 23, 2019 and July 23, 2020 (a period covering COVID-19 lock-down in China) from 781 sperm donor candidates at University-affiliated Sichuan Provincial Human Sperm Bank. Multivariate mixed-effects regression models were constructed to investigate the relationship between pollution exposure, windows of susceptibility, and semen quality, while controlling for biographic and meteorologic confounders. RESULT(S): The results indicated multiple windows of susceptibility for semen quality, especially sperm motility, due to ambient pollution exposure. Exposure to particulate matters (PM2.5 and PM10), O3 and NO2 during late stages of spermatogenesis appeared to have weak but positive association with semen quality. Exposure to CO late in sperm development appeared to have inverse relationship with sperm movement parameters. Exposure to SO2 appeared to influence semen quality throughout spermatogenesis. CONCLUSION(S): Potential windows of susceptibility for semen quality varied depending on air pollutants. Sperm motility was sensitive to pollution exposure. Findings from current study further elucidate the importance of sensitive periods during spermatogenesis and provide new evidence for the determinants of male fertility.

5.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 13(8): 11629-11645, 2021 Apr 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33879631

RESUMO

Emerging evidence has demonstrated that circular RNAs (circRNAs) are abnormally expressed in non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC). However, the contributions of circRNAs to the tumorigenesis of lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD), one of the subtypes of NSCLC, remain unclear. Based on a microarray assay, we found that hsa_circ_0072309 was significantly upregulated in NSCLC compared with matched normal samples. Moreover, functional experiments demonstrated that hsa_circ_0072309 promotes the proliferation, migration, and invasion of NSCLC cells. In vitro precipitation of circRNAs, luciferase reporter assays, and biotin-coupled microRNA capture assays were carried out to investigate the mechanisms by which hsa_circ_0072309 regulates NSCLC. Through the above work, we found that hsa_circ_0072309 interacted with miR-607 via its miRNA response element to upregulate the expression of FTO, an m6A demethylase and downstream target of miR-607, thus promoting tumorigenesis of NSCLC. In total, our findings indicated the oncogenic role of hsa_circ_0072309 in NSCLC and provide a potential target for treatment.

6.
Zhongguo Gu Shang ; 34(4): 341-6, 2021 Apr 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33896133

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy and safety of ultrasound-guided selective nerve branch blockage in the treatment of lumbar spinal nerve posterior branch syndrome. METHODS: A total of 40 patients with lumbar spinal nerve posterior branch syndrome treated by Pain Clinic from May 2017 to December 2018 were selected. According to the method used in locating site for nerve blockage, the patients were divided into ultrasound-guided group and anatomical positioning group, with 20 cases in each group. In anatomical positioning group, there were 7 males and 13 females, aged (63.42±7.71) years old, weighted (63.65±10.72) kg, numerical rating scale (NRS) was (6.61±1.52) scores, course of disease was (16.55±4.68) months. Pain sites:4 cases at L2,3, 8 cases at L3,4, 11 cases at L4,5, and 11 cases at L5S1. In ultrasound-guided group, there were 10 males and 10 females, aged (59.58±10.21) years old, weighted (60.61±13.81) kg, NRS was(6.84±2.43) scores, and course of disease was(13.70±5.98) months. Pain sites:6 cases at L2,3, 6 cases at L3,4, 9 cases at L4,5, and 13 cases at L5S1. Ultrasound-guided group used ultrasound-guided selective posteromedial branch and posterolateral branch nerve blockage, and the anatomical positioning group used anatomical localization method to block the posteromedial branch and posterolateral branch of lumbar spinal nerve. Each nerve branch was injected 3 ml of 0.125% ropivacaine. The number of treatment required and prone position time of each treatment were recorded, and the NRS scores of patients at the time points of immediately after the end of the treatment, the first week, the second week, the first month and the third month were evaluated. And adverse events such as local anesthetic allergy and poisoning, local puncture infection, total spinal anesthesia, dizziness, drowsiness, nausea, vomiting and other adverse reactions were observed. RESULTS: There were no statistically significant differences in gender, age, weight, NRS, course of disease and pain segment distribution between two groups (P>0.05). The number of treatment required in anatomical positioning group was significantly higher than that in ultrasound-guided group (P<0.000 1). During each treatment, the time in the prone position of the patients in anatomical positioning group was significantly lower than that in ultrasound guided group (P< 0.000 1). NRS scores immediately after the end of treatment, 1 week, 2 weeks, 1 month and 3 months, anatomical positioning group were 2.98 ±0.25, 3.04 ±0.38, 3.37 ±0.47, 3.42 ±0.85, 3.50 ±0.43, respectively, 2.94 ±0.31, 3.00 ±0.29, 3.21 ±0.68, 3.16 ± 0.94, 3.17±0.53 in ultrasound-guided group, and there was significant difference at 1 month and 3 months between two groups(P< 0.05). There were no adverse events such as local anesthetic allergy and poisoning, local puncture infection, and total spinal anesthesia, and no adverse reactions such as lethargy, nausea, and vomiting occurred in two groups. There were 6 cases of dizziness in anatomical positioning group and 12 cases in ultrasound guided group. The difference between two groups was statistically significant(P<0.05). CONCLUSION: Comparedwith anatomicalpositioning, ultrasound-guided selective nerve branch block for the treatment of posterior branch of the lumbar spinal cord syndrome can reduce the number of treatments and maintain a longer therapeutic effect, but it is also necessary to pay attention to the time of each treatment to avoid dizziness and other adverse reactions.


Assuntos
Região Lombossacral , Bloqueio Nervoso , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nervos Espinhais/diagnóstico por imagem , Ultrassonografia , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção
7.
Mol Psychiatry ; 2021 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33837273

RESUMO

Tourette's Disorder (TD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder (NDD) that affects about 0.7% of the population and is one of the most heritable NDDs. Nevertheless, because of its polygenic nature and genetic heterogeneity, the genetic etiology of TD is not well understood. In this study, we combined the segregation information in 13 TD multiplex families with high-throughput sequencing and genotyping to identify genes associated with TD. Using whole-exome sequencing and genotyping array data, we identified both small and large genetic variants within the individuals. We then combined multiple types of evidence to prioritize candidate genes for TD, including variant segregation pattern, variant function prediction, candidate gene expression, protein-protein interaction network, candidate genes from previous studies, etc. From the 13 families, 71 strong candidate genes were identified, including both known genes for NDDs and novel genes, such as HtrA Serine Peptidase 3 (HTRA3), Cadherin-Related Family Member 1 (CDHR1), and Zinc Finger DHHC-Type Palmitoyltransferase 17 (ZDHHC17). The candidate genes are enriched in several Gene Ontology categories, such as dynein complex and synaptic membrane. Candidate genes and pathways identified in this study provide biological insight into TD etiology and potential targets for future studies.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33886275

RESUMO

Terahertz (THz) vortex waves carrying orbital angular momentum (OAM) hold great potential in dealing with the capacity crunch in wireless high-speed communication systems. Nevertheless, it is quite a challenge for the widespread applications of OAM in the THz regime due to the beam divergence and stringent alignment requirement. To address this issue, an all-dielectric lens (ADL) is proposed for the arbitrary manipulation of quasi-nondiffractive THz OAM waves (QTOWs). On the basis of the concept of the optical conical lens and the multivorticity metasurface, the beam number, the topological charge (TC), and the deflection angle as well as the nondiffractive depth of the generated THz OAM waves are controllable. For proof-of-concept, two ADLs are 3D printed to create single and dual deflected QTOWs, respectively. Remarkably, measured by a THz imaging camera, the desired QTOWs with high mode purity are observed in predesigned directions with a nondiffractive depth predefined theoretically. The proposed designs and experiments, for the first time, verified that the QTOWs could be achieved with a nondiffractive range of 55.58λg (λg = wavelength at 140 GHz) and large deflection angles of 30° and 45°.

9.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 42(5): 2190-2201, 2021 May 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33884788

RESUMO

Based on the pollutant data provided by the environmental monitoring stations and the routine observation data of 11 national meteorological stations in Jiangxi Province from 2016 to 2019, the characteristics of ozone pollution and the relationships with meteorological factors were investigated in this study. The results showed that ozone pollution has become increasingly severe in Jiangxi Province in recent years. The annual mean concentration of ozone in Jiangxi Province (the maximum daily 8 h average) was 80.1 µg·m-3 in 2016 and reached up to 98.2 µg·m-3 in 2019, with an average annual growth rate of 6 µg·m-3. The number of over-standard days of ozone was 475 d, accounting for 72.6% of 2019 in Jiangxi Province. The average concentrations observed in summer were higher than those observed in the other seasons during 2016 to 2018, but in 2019, higher ozone concentrations were observed in autumn owing to the lower precipitation, more sufficient sunshine, and the resulting higher air temperature. Overall, the ozone concentrations were found to be positively correlated with air temperature and sunshine but negatively correlated with relative humidity in Jiangxi Province. A high ozone concentration usually appeared with an air temperature higher than 30℃, relative humidity of 20%-40%, and wind speed of 2-3 m·s-1. The spatial distribution of the ozone concentrations exhibited distinct characteristics with higher values observed in southern Jiangxi relative to those in the northern areas and lower values in northeastern Jiangxi compared with those in other regions. More serious ozone pollution was found in Ganzhou among the 11 cities in Jiangxi Province, with the highest annual concentration of 104.2 µg·m-3 observed in 2019. The results of the model analyses, including the HYSPLIT backward trajectory model and potential source contribution function model, indicated that there was a significant difference in the potential source contribution of ozone pollution in Ganzhou on seasonal scales, specifically in central Guangdong and the northwest of Jiangxi Province in spring, the northwest parts of Jiangxi Province in summer, and the north of Guangdong and central Anhui Province in autumn.

10.
J Forensic Leg Med ; 79: 101779, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33896594

RESUMO

To develop population - specific stature prediction equations from measurements of the lower limb bone in a contemporary Chinese. 303 individuals of Han group in Western China, including 201 females and 102 males were collected. The study sample was randomly divided into two subgroups. A calibration sample, which consisted of 171 females and 87 males, was used to develop the regression formula. A validation sample comprising the remaining 30 female and 15 male individuals was then used to test the predictive accuracy of the established formula. The regression equations were developed from intact bones and fragments of the femur, tibia and fibula, the maximum lengths of femur, tibia, and fibula were highly correlated with the stature. The maximum length of femur provide the most accurate result with the prediction accuracy of 3.84 cm for unknown sex, 4.00 cm in the male group, 3.45 cm in the female group, 3.61 cm in the group with age no more than 45, 3.45 cm in the group with age above 45. Moreover, the multiple regression equations were developed, and they portray a more accurate stature in instances in which the femur, tibia and fibula are available. This paper provides indications that the femur, tibia and fibula are important bones for stature estimation and they could be effectively used in forensic cases.

11.
Viruses ; 13(5)2021 04 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33925452

RESUMO

Many recent studies highlight the fundamental importance of viruses. Besides their important role as human and animal pathogens, their beneficial, commensal or harmful functions are poorly understood. By developing and applying tailored bioinformatical tools in important virological models, the Marie Sklodowska-Curie Initiative International Training Network VIROINF will provide a better understanding of viruses and the interaction with their hosts. This will open the door to validate methods of improving viral growth, morphogenesis and development, as well as to control strategies against unwanted microorganisms. The key feature of VIROINF is its interdisciplinary nature, which brings together virologists and bioinformaticians to achieve common goals.

12.
Biomed Res Int ; 2021: 6628682, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33860045

RESUMO

Background: Human Schlafen 5 (SLFN5) is reported to inhibit or promote the proliferation of several specific types of cancer cells by our lab and other researchers. We are curious about its implications in lung adenocarcinoma (LUAC), a malignant tumor with a high incidence rate and high mortality. Method: Lentiviral stable transfections of SLFN5-specific shRNA for knockdown and SLFN5 full-length coding sequence for overexpression were performed in LUAC cell for proliferation analysis in vitro and in vivo in nude mice. Clinical LUAC samples were collected for immunohistochemical analysis of SLFN5 protein levels. Results: We found that knockdown of endogenous SLFN5 upregulates cancer cell proliferation while inhibiting apoptosis. Besides, SLFN5 inhibition on proliferation was also observed in a nude mouse xenograft model. In contrast, overexpression of exogenous SLFN5 inhibited cell proliferation in vitro and in vivo and promoted apoptosis. As to the signaling pathway, we found phosphatase and tensin homolog on chromosome 10 (PTEN) was positively regulated by SLFN5, while its downstream signaling pathway AKT/mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) was inhibited. Moreover, compared with adjacent normal tissues, SLFN5 protein levels were markedly decreased in lung adenocarcinoma tissues. In conclusion, these suggest that human SLFN5 plays inhibitory roles in LUAC progression through the PTEN/PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway, providing a potential target for developing drugs for lung cancer therapy in the future.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33689122

RESUMO

2-Ethylhexyl palmitate (2-EHP) is one of the important chemical products. Normally, 2-EHP is produced through the esterification. Since 2-EHP has a high viscosity, the mass transfer is significantly influenced with the product accumulation. In this work, a rotating packed bed reactor with intensive mixing was employed to solve the problem in the mass transfer during the enzymatic reaction. Under the optimal conditions, compared with the traditional continuous stirred-tank reactor (CSTR), the RPB reactor enhanced the final yield of 2-EHP, and shortened the reaction time to 1 h. In addition, the enzyme has a longer life-time in the RPB reactor, with production yield of closing to 99% after 9 batches. The results of this research indicated that the RPB has a great potential to be applied in the enzymatic production of 2-EHP. Application of the rotating packed bed in synthesis of 2-ethylhexyl palmitate.

14.
Toxicol Appl Pharmacol ; : 115493, 2021 Mar 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33727089

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) has a more aggressive phenotype and a worse prognosis than the hormone receptor (HR+) and human epidermal growth factor receptor (HER2-) subtypes. Inhibition of CDK4/CDK6 has demonstrated success in patients with advanced metastatic HR+/HER2- breast cancer, but those with TNBC have less or no response to this therapeutic approach. Here we investigated the dual therapeutic targeting of CDK2/CDK4 using 4-Acetylantroquinonol B (4-AAQB) against TNBC cells. METHODS: We extended the study to the effects of CDK2, CDK4, and CDK6 inhibition via 4-AAQB treatment using TNBC cell lines. The orthotropic-xenograft mice models were performed to confirm the in vitro results of 4-AAQB treatment effect on CDK2, CDK4, and CDK6. RESULTS: Our results indicated that high expression and alteration of CDK2/CDK4 but not CDK6 correlated significantly with the poor overall survival of patients with breast cancer. Moreover, we found that CDK2 and CDK4 were positively correlated with damage to DNA replication and repair pathways. Our docking indicated a high affinity of 4-AAQB for binding with CDK2 and CDK4. Treatment of TNBC cells with 4-AAQB suppressed expression of CDK2 and CDK4 in vitro. 4-AAQB also induced cell cycle arrest, DNA damage, and apoptosis of TNBC cells. The in vivo study confirmed that the 4-AAQB anticancer activity suppressed tumor growth through the inhibition of CDK2 and CDK4. CONCLUSION: The CDK2/4 expression level and DNA damage response (DDR) signaling are prominent in TNBC cell cycle regulation. We also evidenced the potential of a natural small compound, 4-AAQB, in therapy targeting the CDK2/4 and DDR in TNBC cells.

15.
MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep ; 70(12): 431-436, 2021 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33764963

RESUMO

The U.S. COVID-19 vaccination program began in December 2020, and ensuring equitable COVID-19 vaccine access remains a national priority.* COVID-19 has disproportionately affected racial/ethnic minority groups and those who are economically and socially disadvantaged (1,2). Thus, achieving not just vaccine equality (i.e., similar allocation of vaccine supply proportional to its population across jurisdictions) but equity (i.e., preferential access and administra-tion to those who have been most affected by COVID-19 disease) is an important goal. The CDC social vulnerability index (SVI) uses 15 indicators grouped into four themes that comprise an overall SVI measure, resulting in 20 metrics, each of which has national and state-specific county rankings. The 20 metric-specific rankings were each divided into lowest to highest tertiles to categorize counties as low, moderate, or high social vulnerability counties. These tertiles were combined with vaccine administration data for 49,264,338 U.S. residents in 49 states and the District of Columbia (DC) who received at least one COVID-19 vaccine dose during December 14, 2020-March 1, 2021. Nationally, for the overall SVI measure, vaccination coverage was higher (15.8%) in low social vulnerability counties than in high social vulnerability counties (13.9%), with the largest coverage disparity in the socioeconomic status theme (2.5 percentage points higher coverage in low than in high vulnerability counties). Wide state variations in equity across SVI metrics were found. Whereas in the majority of states, vaccination coverage was higher in low vulnerability counties, some states had equitable coverage at the county level. CDC, state, and local jurisdictions should continue to monitor vaccination coverage by SVI metrics to focus public health interventions to achieve equitable coverage with COVID-19 vaccine.


Assuntos
/administração & dosagem , Disparidades em Assistência à Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Características de Residência/estatística & dados numéricos , Cobertura Vacinal/estatística & dados numéricos , Populações Vulneráveis , /epidemiologia , Humanos , Programas de Imunização , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
16.
BMC Bioinformatics ; 22(1): 158, 2021 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33765921

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Synthetic long reads (SLR) with long-range co-barcoding information are now widely applied in genomics research. Although several tools have been developed for each specific SLR technique, a robust standalone scaffolder with high efficiency is warranted for hybrid genome assembly. RESULTS: In this work, we developed a standalone scaffolding tool, SLR-superscaffolder, to link together contigs in draft assemblies using co-barcoding and paired-end read information. Our top-to-bottom scheme first builds a global scaffold graph based on Jaccard Similarity to determine the order and orientation of contigs, and then locally improves the scaffolds with the aid of paired-end information. We also exploited a screening algorithm to reduce the negative effect of misassembled contigs in the input assembly. We applied SLR-superscaffolder to a human single tube long fragment read sequencing dataset and increased the scaffold NG50 of its corresponding draft assembly 1349 fold. Moreover, benchmarking on different input contigs showed that this approach overall outperformed existing SLR scaffolders, providing longer contiguity and fewer misassemblies, especially for short contigs assembled by next-generation sequencing data. The open-source code of SLR-superscaffolder is available at https://github.com/BGI-Qingdao/SLR-superscaffolder . CONCLUSIONS: SLR-superscaffolder can dramatically improve the contiguity of a draft assembly by integrating a hybrid assembly strategy.


Assuntos
Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Software , Algoritmos , Genômica , Humanos , Análise de Sequência de DNA
17.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 551: 114-120, 2021 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33725572

RESUMO

Circular RNAs (circRNAs) have been shown to be associated with the occurrence and development of cervical cancer (CC). In the present study, we aimed to investigate the tumor-promoting effect of hsa_circ_0000069 (circ0000069) on CC and the mechanisms underlying its effect. We found that circ0000069 was upregulated in CC cells and tissues, and that N6-methyladenosine (m6A) modification maintained circ0000069 stability. Gain- and loss-of-function assays revealed that circ0000069 promoted CC cell proliferation and migration. miR-4426 specifically binds circ0000069 and mediates its functions in CC development. In conclusion, circ0000069 was upregulated partially due to m6A modification, which promoted cell proliferation and migration via sponging miR-4426 in CC.

18.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 6882, 2021 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33767229

RESUMO

Laparoendoscopic single-site surgery (LESS) further minimizes the invasiveness of traditional laparoscopic surgery. However, the "chopstick" effect caused by the parallel arrangement of the instruments in the umbilicus is considered an obstacle indelicate operations. The purpose of this study was to introduce a new technique characterized by a double fulcrum formed by instruments, named the "chopstick" technique, which facilitates the expedient accomplishment of complicated surgeries such as LESS radical hysterectomy (LESS-RH). Seventy-three patients who underwent LESS-RH using the "chopstick" technique were retrospectively analyzed. The procedure was performed successfully in 72 patients. The median operative duration was 225 min, and the median intraoperative blood loss was 200 ml. Among the operations in the first 20 patients, intraoperative vascular injuries and bladder injury occurred in two patients and were repaired by LESS. Patients responded positively regarding minimal postoperative pain control. The score of satisfaction with the cosmetic outcome expressed by the patients was eight at discharge and nine 30 days later. In conclusion, this study presents the feasibility of accomplishing complicated procedures, such as radical hysterectomy, by LESS using the "chopstick" technique. This approach provides more options for both selected patients and surgeons.

19.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(9): e25037, 2021 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33655979

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) tongue diagnosis plays an important role in differentiation of symptoms because the tongue reflects the physiological and pathological condition of the body. The automatic tongue diagnosis system (ATDS), which noninvasively captures tongue images, can provide objective and reliable diagnostic information. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) currently is an important global public health problem and contributor to morbidity and mortality from non-communicable diseases. Thus, it is interesting to analyze and probe the relationship between tongue examination and CKD. METHODS: This protocol is a cross-sectional, case-controlled observational study investigating the usefulness of the ATDS in clinical practice by examining its efficacy as a diagnostic tool for CKD. Volunteers over 20 years old with and without CKD will be enrolled. Tongue images will be captured and the patients divided into 2 groups: CKD group and healthy group. Nine primary tongue features will be extracted and analyzed, including tongue shape, tongue color, tooth mark, tongue fissure, fur color, fur thickness, saliva, ecchymosis, and red dots. RESULT: The results of this study will systematically evaluate tongue manifestations of patients and examine its efficacy as an early detection and diagnosis of CKD. DISCUSSION: The aim of this protocol is to investigate discriminating tongue features to distinguish between CKD and normal people, and establish differentiating index to facilitate the noninvasive detection of CKD. TRIAL REGISTRIES: ClinicalTrials.gov; Identifier: NCT04708743.


Assuntos
Medicina Tradicional Chinesa/métodos , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/complicações , Doenças da Língua/diagnóstico , Língua/patologia , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Doenças da Língua/etiologia , Doenças da Língua/patologia , Adulto Jovem
20.
Stem Cell Rev Rep ; 2021 Mar 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33661471

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous studies have showed the beneficial effects of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) on experimental intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) animal. Enhancement of the treatment efficacy of MSCs in ICH is essential, considering the diseases association with high rates of disability and mortality. Some auxiliary methods to enhance the beneficial efficacy of MSCs have been introduced. However, the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) on the therapeutic efficacy of MSCs transplantation in hemorrhagic stroke and its potential mechanism is not explored. METHODS: ICH rat models were established using collagenase and heparin. 48 h after ICH induction, the rats were randomly divided into model control (MC), MSCs transplantation (MSCs), EA stimulation (EA) and MSCs transplantation combined with EA stimulation (MSCs + EA) groups. We used mNSS test and gait analysis to assess neurological function of rats, and PET/CT to evaluate the volume of hemorrhage focus and level of glucose uptake. The concentrations of MDA, SOD, NSE, S100B and MBP in serum or plasma were examined with ELISA. Neural differentiation of MSCs, and the expressions of Bcl-2, Bax, Arg-1 and iNOS proteins around hematoma were detected by immunofluorescence and immunohistochemistry staining respectively. Western blot was carried out to analyze the expression levels of COX4, OGDH, PDH-E1α, Bcl-2 and Bax proteins. TUNEL staining was used to estimate cell apoptosis and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) was used to observe the ultrastructure and number of mitochondria. RESULTS: Our data showed that EA promoted neuron-like differentiation of transplanted MSCs and the expressions of BDNF and NGF proteins in ICH rats. The score of mNSS and the gait analysis showed that the recovery of the neurological function in the MSCs + EA group was better than that in the MSCs and EA groups. EA improved the structure of brain tissue, and alleviated brain injury further after MSCs transplantation in ICH rats. When compared with the MSCs and EA groups, the level of glucose uptake and numbers of mitochondria and Arg-1 positive cells in MSCs + EA group increased significantly, but the numbers of apoptotic cells and iNOS positive cells and volume of hemorrhage focus reduced. The expressional levels of COX4, OGDH, PDH-E1α and Bcl-2 proteins increased, while the expressional level of Bax protein decreased compared with those in the MSCs and EA groups. CONCLUSIONS: Our results reveal that EA improve therapeutic efficacy of MSCs transplantation in ICH rats.

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