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1.
J Org Chem ; 2020 Mar 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32186180

RESUMO

Chiral phosphoric acids catalyzed biomimetic asymmetric [4+2]-cycloaddition of the ortho-alkenyl naphthols/phenols and ortho-quinone methides (o-QMs) has been demonstrated to afford various importance 2,3,4-trisubstituted chromans in high yields with excellent enantio- and diastereoselectivities (up to 99% yield, 98% ee, >20:1 dr). Notably, this methodology not only enabled access to the trans-cis chiral trisubstituted chromans from 1-alkenyl 2-naphthols, but also is compatible with 2-alkenyl 1-naphthols and phenols to deliver trans-trans chiral trisubstituted chroman.

2.
Cancer Sci ; 2020 Mar 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32133706

RESUMO

Lung cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer worldwide, and metastasis in lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related deaths. Thus, understanding the mechanism of lung cancer metastasis will improve the diagnosis and treatment of lung cancer patients. Herein, we found that expression of cluster of differentiation 109 (CD109) was correlated with the invasive and metastatic capacities of lung adenocarcinoma cells. CD109 is upregulated in tumorous tissues, and CD109 overexpression was associated with tumor progression, distant metastasis, and a poor prognosis in patient with lung adenocarcinoma. Mechanistically, expression of CD109 regulates protein kinase B (AKT)/mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling via its association with the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR). Inhibition of CD109 decreases EGFR phosphorylation, diminishes EGF-elicited activation of AKT/mTOR, and sensitizes tumor cells to an EGFR inhibitor. Taken together, our results show that CD109 is a potential diagnostic and therapeutic target in lung cancer patients.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32140931

RESUMO

Glutaric acid is an important organic acid applied widely in different fields. Most previous researches have focused on the production of glutaric acid in various strains using the 5-aminovaleric acid (AMV) or pentenoic acid synthesis pathways. We previously utilized a five-step reversed adipic acid degradation pathway (RADP) in Escherichia coli BL21 (DE3) to construct strain Bgl146. Herein, we found that malonyl-CoA was strictly limited in this strain, and increasing its abundance could improve glutaric acid production. We, therefore, constructed a malonic acid uptake pathway in E. coli using matB (malonic acid synthetase) and matC (malonic acid carrier protein) from Clover rhizobia. The titer of glutaric acid was improved by 2.1-fold and 1.45-fold, respectively, reaching 0.56 g/L and 4.35 g/L in shake flask and batch fermentation following addition of malonic acid. Finally, the highest titer of glutaric acid was 6.3 g/L in fed-batch fermentation at optimized fermentation conditions.

4.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 83: 106327, 2020 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32172202

RESUMO

Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is the most common viral pathogen causing acute lower respiratory tract infections (LRTI) in infants. Airway epithelial cells, including Club cells, are primary targets of RSV infection. The "Club cell 10-kDa protein" (CC10), produced mainly by Club cells, possesses anti-inflammatory and immunoregulatory properties that are relevant in infection, injury, and allergic reactions. However, its role in the RSV infection is not fully understood. In the clinic, we found that levels of CC10 in the nasopharyngeal aspirates (NPA) of infants, hospitalized with RSV bronchiolitis, were significantly lower than those without LRTI, and were also negatively correlated with the severity of the disease. In BALB/c mice, the CC10 levels in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) were also decreased at the 5th day after infection. When recombinant CC10 was administrated in the mice, RSV-induced airway inflammation and airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR) were alleviated. Similarly, inhibition of cytosolic phospholipase A2 (cPLA2) or cyclooxygenase 2 (COX2), which is a downstream signaling molecule for cPLA2, both alleviated RSV-induced airway inflammation and AHR. Administration of CC10 reduced the phosphorylation of cPLA2 and protein levels of COX-2 in mouse lungs, resulting from infection, thus providing a molecular mechanism for previous reports that CC10 plays a protective role, partly through inhibiting the activity of cPLA2. We conclude that CC10 inhibits the cPLA2/COX2 pathway to alleviate RSV-induced lung airway inflammation and AHR.

5.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 100: 309-316, 2020 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32173451

RESUMO

As a central pro-inflammatory cytokine, interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß) plays critical roles in the inflammatory response, pathogen infection, and immunological challenges in mammals. Although fish IL-1ß has been confirmed to participate in inflammatory response to pathogen infection, few studies have been performed to characterize the antibacterial and bactericidal functions of fish IL-1ß. In this study, snakehead (Channa argus) IL-1ß (shIL-1ß) and its receptors, shIL-1R1 and shIL-1R2, were cloned and functionally characterized. ShIL-1ß contained the IL-1 family signature domain, and a potential cutting site at Asp96 that presented in all vertebrate IL-1ß sequences. ShIL-1R1 had three extracellular IG-like domains and one intracellular signal TIR domain, while shIL-1R2 had three extracellular IG-like domain but lacked the intracellular signal TIR domain. ShIL-1ß, shIL-1R1, and shIL-1R2 were constitutively expressed in all tested tissues, and their expressions could be induced by Aeromonas schubertii and Nocardia seriolae in the head kidney and spleen in vivo, and by LTA, LPS, and Poly (I:C) in head kidney leukocytes (HKLs) in vitro. Moreover, recombinant shIL-1ß upregulated the expression of endogenous shIL-1ß, shIL-R1, and shIL-R2 in snakehead HKLs, and enhanced intracellular bactericidal activity. Taken together, this study found that, like IL-1ß and its receptors in mammals, shIL-1ß and its receptors play crucial roles in antibacterial innate immunity. This provides new insight into the evolution of IL-1ß function in vertebrates.

6.
J Med Virol ; 2020 Mar 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32170865

RESUMO

In late December 2019, a cluster of unexplained pneumonia cases has been reported in Wuhan, China. A few days later, the causative agent of this mysterious pneumonia was identified as a novel coronavirus. This causative virus has been temporarily named as severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) and the relevant infected disease has been named as coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) by the World Health Organization respectively. The COVID-19 epidemic is spreading in China and all over the world now. The purpose of this review is primarily to review the pathogen, clinical features, diagnosis, and treatment of COVID-19, but also to comment briefly on the epidemiology and pathology based on the current evidences. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

7.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 12(4): 3862-3879, 2020 Feb 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32139660

RESUMO

Perioperative neurocognitive disorders are common in elderly patients who have undergone surgical procedures. Neuroinflammation induced by microglial activation is a hallmark of these neurological disorders. Acetate can suppress inflammation in the context of inflammatory diseases. We employed an exploratory laparotomy model with isoflurane anesthesia to study the effects of acetate on perioperative neurocognitive disorders in aged mice. Neurocognitive function was assessed with open-field tests and Morris water maze tests 3 or 7 days post-surgery. Acetate ameliorated the surgery-induced cognitive deficits of aged mice and inhibited the activation of IBA-1, a marker of microglial activity. Acetate also reduced expression of inflammatory proteins (tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin-1ß and interleukin-6), oxidative stress factors (NADPH oxidase 2, inducible nitric oxide synthase and reactive oxygen species), and signaling molecules (nuclear factor kappa B and mitogen-activated protein kinase) in the hippocampus. BV2 microglial cells were used to verify the anti-inflammatory effects of acetate in vitro. Acetate suppressed inflammation in lipopolysaccharide-treated BV2 microglial cells, but not when GPR43 was silenced. These results suggest that acetate may bind to GPR43, thereby inhibiting microglial activity, suppressing neuroinflammation, and preventing memory deficits. This makes acetate is a promising therapeutic for surgery-induced neurocognitive disorders and neuroinflammation.

8.
BMC Ophthalmol ; 20(1): 105, 2020 Mar 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32178637

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To study the morphologic and biochemical changes in the retina and sclera induced by form deprivation high myopia (FDHM) in guinea pigs and explore the possible mechanisms of FDHM formation. METHODS: Forty 3-week-old guinea pigs were randomized into the blank control (Group I, 20 cases) and model groups (20 cases). In the model group, the right eyes of the guinea pigs were sutured for 8 weeks to induce FDHM (Group II) and the left eyes were considered a self-control group (Group III). The refractive errors were measured with retinoscopy. The anterior chamber depth (AC), lens thickness (L), vitreous chamber depth (V) and axial length (AL) were measured using ultrasonometry A. Retinal and scleral morphology and ultrastructural features were observed with light and electron microscopy. The malondialdehyde (MDA) content and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity in the retina and sclera were detected with a chemical colorimetric assay. RESULTS: After 8 weeks of stitching, the refractive errors of Group II changed from (+ 3.59 ± 0.33) D to (- 7.96 ± 0.55) D, and these values were significantly higher than those of Group I (+ 0.89 ± 0.32) D and Group III (- 0.55 ± 0.49) D (P < 0.05). The vitreous chamber depth (4.12 ± 0.13) mm and axial length (8.93 ± 0.22) mm of Group II were significantly longer than those of Group I [(3.71 ± 0.23) mm and (7.95 ± 0.37) mm, respectively] and Group III [(3.93 ± 0.04) mm and (8.01 ± 0.15) mm, respectively] (P < 0.05). With the prolongation of form deprivation (FD), the retina and scleral tissues showed thinning, the ganglion cell and inner and outer nuclear layers of the retina became decreased, and the arrangement was disordered. In Group II, the SOD activity was significantly lower than that in Group I and Group III; the MDA content was significantly higher than that in Group I and Group III. The differences were statistically significant (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggested that in the FDHM guinea pigs model, the refractive errors, the vitreous chamber depth, and axial length increased significantly with prolongation of monocular FD time, and morphological structural changes in the retina and sclera were observed. Oxygen free radicals might participate in the formation of FDHM.

9.
BMC Genomics ; 21(1): 229, 2020 Mar 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32171242

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gene expression regulators identified in transcriptome profiling experiments may serve as ideal targets for genetic manipulations in farm animals. RESULTS: In this study, we developed a gene expression profile of 76,000+ unique transcripts for 224 porcine samples from 28 tissues collected from 32 animals using Super deepSAGE technology. Excellent sequencing depth was achieved for each multiplexed library, and replicated samples from the same tissues clustered together, demonstrating the high quality of Super deepSAGE data. Comparison with previous research indicated that our results not only have good reproducibility but also have greatly extended the coverage of the sample types as well as the number of genes. Clustering analysis revealed ten groups of genes showing distinct expression patterns among these samples. Our analysis of over-represented binding motifs identified 41 regulators, and we demonstrated a potential application of this dataset in infectious diseases and immune biology research by identifying an LPS-dependent transcription factor, runt-related transcription factor 1 (RUNX1), in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs). The selected genes are specifically responsible for the transcription of toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2), lymphocyte-specific protein tyrosine kinase (LCK), and vav1 oncogene (VAV1), which belong to the T and B cell signaling pathways. CONCLUSIONS: The Super deepSAGE technology and tissue-differential expression profiles are valuable resources for investigating the porcine gene expression regulation. The identified RUNX1 target genes belong to the T and B cell signaling pathways, making them novel potential targets for the diagnosis and therapy of bacterial infections and other immune disorders.

11.
Mol Carcinog ; 2020 Mar 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32124501

RESUMO

Overexpression of RAD51 is found in many cancers including breast cancer and is associated with poor survival. Compared with normal cells, RAD51 promoter is hyperactive in cancer cells indicating that RAD51 is transcriptionally activated. However, little is known about the mechanisms and factors involved in RAD51 transcription regulation. Transcription corepressor, C-terminal binding protein 1 (CtBP1), is an oncogene repressing a panel of tumor suppressors transcription, which contributes to cancer progression. In this study, immunohistochemistry (IHC) revealed that RAD51 expression was positively correlated with CtBP1 expression in breast cancer patient tissues; short hairpin RNA-mediated CtBP1 depletion, chromatin immunoprecipitation, and dual-luciferase reporter assays showed that CtBP1 activated RAD51 transcription in breast cancer cells. Depletion of CtBP1 increased breast cancer cells' sensitivity to cisplatin and, in turn, expression of exogenous RAD51 in the CtBP1-depleted breast cancer cells increased resistance to cisplatin. The results demonstrated that CtBP1 conferred breast cancer cells resistance to cisplatin through transcriptional activation of RAD51.

12.
Opt Lett ; 45(3): 710-713, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32004291

RESUMO

The quasi-steady-state (QSS) self-focusing of partially coherent light pulses (PCLPs) in nonlinear media is studied. The analytical formulas of the QSS self-focusing of PCLPs in nonlinear media (e.g., the beam width, spatial coherence width, and focal length) are presented. The effect of spatial coherence on the focal length and focus moving is investigated in detail. In particular, it is found that a PCLP has more advantages to avoid the optical damage of materials than a fully coherent light pulse.

13.
Nucl Med Commun ; 41(4): 308-313, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32073551

RESUMO

AIM: To evaluate feasibility of establishing a clinically applicable reference value through those unaffected salivary gland on sialoscintigraphic data obtained from patients presented with obstructive sialadenitis affected a single gland. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ninety-one patients suffered from single salivary gland swelling, pain/tenderness and received sialoscintigraphic examinations were retrospectively enrolled. The quantitative data parameters, including the uptake ratio, maximal accumulation, maximal excretion, time to maximal (Tmax) and time to minimal (Tmin) activity of the affected and unaffected glands, were calculated for analysis. Data were also obtained and recorded for comparison from 50 patients who fulfill the American-European criteria for the diagnosis of Sjogren's syndrome. RESULTS: The maximal excretion appeared to be the best indicator for distinguishing affected and unaffected glands of obstructive diseases, for parotid and submandibular glands (P = 0.0002 and P < 0.0001, respectively). The area under the receiver-operating characteristic curve (AUC) is 0.82 for submandibular glands. In patients with Sjogren's syndrome, the maximal excretion and Tmin were the best parameters, for parotid (P = 0.002 and P < 0.0001, respectively) and submandibular glands (P < 0.0001 and P = 0.002, respectively). Uptake ratio was a good parameter for submandibular gland (P < 0.0001). The AUC of maximal excretion and uptake ratio for submandibular glands is 0.81 and 0.77, respectively. CONCLUSION: Quantitative data obtained from the unaffected glands of patients with obstructive sialadenitis could be used as reference values for the functional evaluation of salivary gland disorders with maximal excretion as one of the reliable parameters.

14.
Environ Sci Technol ; 54(6): 3691-3701, 2020 Mar 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32100998

RESUMO

The application of photocatalytic sterilization technology for the sterilization of water has been broadly studied in recent years. However, developing photocatalysts with high disinfection efficiency remains an urgent challenge. Tungsten trioxide with coexisting oxygen vacancies and carbon coating (WO3-x/C) has been successfully synthesized toward the photothermal inactivation of Escherichia coli. Oxygen vacancies and carbon coating bring WO3-x/C strong absorption in the infrared region and enhance the carrier separation efficiency. As a result, a higher sterilization rate is obtained compared to WO3. WO3-x/C can completely inactivate E. coli under infrared light within 40 min through photothermal synergy process. During the process of inactivating bacteria over WO3-x/C, E. coli is killed by the destruction of their cell membrane to decrease the activity of enzymes and release the cell contents, which can be ascribed to the efficient generation of reactive oxygen species (O2•- and •OH) and thermal effect. This work demonstrates a novel approach for engineering efficient and energy-saving catalysts for water sterilization.

15.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(7): e18618, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32049778

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Allergic conjunctivitis (AC) is a multifactorial and common type of ocular surface disease that affects many people. The quality of life for AC patients can be significantly decreased caused by symptoms of ocular itching, swelling, redness, and tearing. Topical antihistaminics, mast cell stabilizers, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), and steroids have been widely used to treat AC. Many clinical trials have indicated that olopatadine hydrochloride eye drops can provide quick relief of symptoms and signs. The purpose of this review is to evaluate systematically the effectiveness of olopatadine hydrochloride eye drops for treating AC. METHODS: A systematic review of all of the randomized controlled trials on the effectiveness and safety of olopatadine hydrochloride eye drops for AC will be conducted. We will search PubMed, Web of Science (WOS), EMBASE (OVID), the Cochrane Library, Google Scholar, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), China Science and Technology Journal database (VIP), Wanfang Database, and CBM, from the database inception date to October 31, 2019. There are no language or publication status restrictions. Registers of clinical trials, potential gray literature, reference lists of studies, and conference abstracts will also be searched. Two reviewers will independently read the articles, extract the data information, and assess the quality of the studies. Data will be synthesized by a heterogeneity test. The primary outcomes include the main symptom and sign scores before and after treatment, the eye redness index, the presence of eosinophils in the conjunctival scraping. Quality of life, the total treatment efficacy, and safety will be evaluated as the secondary outcomes. RevMan V.5.3 software will be used for the meta-analysis. RESULTS: The study will provide an objective and normative systematic review to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of olopatadine hydrochloride eye drops for the treatment of AC. CONCLUSION: Our review will provide useful information to judge whether olopatadine hydrochloride eye drops is an effective intervention for patients with AC. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: It is not necessary to obtain ethical approval as participants are not involved patients. The protocol and results will be published in a peer-reviewed journal. The systematic review will also be disseminated electronically and in print to help guide health care practice and policy. PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER: PROSPERO CRD42019132232.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/uso terapêutico , Conjuntivite Alérgica/tratamento farmacológico , Cloridrato de Olopatadina/uso terapêutico , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Cloridrato de Olopatadina/efeitos adversos , Soluções Oftálmicas , Qualidade de Vida , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Anal Bioanal Chem ; 412(8): 1785-1794, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32052065

RESUMO

The prevalence of allergic rhinitis (AR) is increasing worldwide. However, the current systems used to measure levels of immunoglobulin E (IgE) in sera are associated with several disadvantages that limit their further application. Consequently, there is a need to develop novel highly sensitive strategies that can rapidly detect IgE in a quantitative manner. The development of such systems will significantly enhance our ability to diagnose, treat, and even prevent AR. Herein, we describe our experience of using quantum dot-based lateral flow immunoassay (QD-LFIA), combined with a portable fluorescence immunoassay chip detector (PFICD), to detect serum-specific IgE against Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus (Der-p) and Dermatophagoides farinae (Der-f), two common mite allergens in China. Our data showed that our system could detect serum-specific levels of IgE against Der-p and Der-f as low as 0.093 IU/mL and 0.087 IU/mL, respectively. We also established a standard curve to determine serum-specific IgE concentrations that correlated well with the clinical BioIC microfluidics system. The sensitivity of our assay was 96.7% for Der-p and 95.5% for Der-f, while the specificity was 87.2% for Der-p and 85.3% for Der-f. Collectively, our results demonstrate that QD-LFIA is a reliable system that could be applied to detect serum-specific IgE in accordance with clinical demands. This QD-LFIA strategy can be applied at home, in hospitals, and in pharmacies, with reduced costs and time requirements when compared with existing techniques. In the future, this system could be developed to detect other types of allergens and in different types of samples (for example, whole blood). Graphical abstract We describe our experiment using a quantum dot-based lateral flow immunoassay combined with a portable fluorescence immunoassay chip detector for both qualitative and quantitative detection of serum-specific IgE against two common mite allergens. This strategy can be applied at home, in hospitals, and in pharmacies, with reduced costs and time requirements. In the future, this system could be developed to detect other types of allergens and in different types of samples.

17.
Cancer Lett ; 478: 22-33, 2020 Feb 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32067991

RESUMO

The introduction of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) has revolutionized the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Thus, in the present study, we aimed to evaluate the effect of a newly found lncRNA, LINC00160, on autophagy and drug resistance of HCC. Interaction among LINC00160, miR-132 and PIK3R3 was verified by dual luciferase reporter gene assay. Loss- and gain-of function experiments were conducted in HCC cells to explore the roles of LINC00160, miR-132 and PIK3R3 in HCC by determining cell viability, autophagy and apoptosis. Finally, tumorigenicity in nude mice was established to confirm the in vitro findings. LINC00160 and PIK3R3 were up-regulated but miR-132 was down-regulated in HCC tissues and cells. LINC00160 may regulate miR-132 and PIK3R3 was the target gene of miR-132. LINC00160 increased the expression of LC3I/LC3II and Atg5 but decreased the p62 expression, while silencing of LINC00160 or over-expression of miR-132 suppressed HCC cell viability, autophagy, drug-resistance and tumorigenicity in nude mice but promoted HCC cell apoptosis by inhibiting the PIK3R3 expression. Taken together, silencing of LINC00160 suppresses autophagy and drug resistance in HCC by regulating miR-132-targeted PIK3R3.

18.
Environ Toxicol ; 2020 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32061141

RESUMO

Methylmercury (MeHg) is a potent neurotoxin,which leads to a wide range of intracellular effects. The molecular mechanismsassociated to MeHg-induced neurotoxicity have not been fully understood.Oxidative stress, as well as synaptic glutamate (Glu) dyshomeostasis have beenidentified as two critical mechanisms during MeHg-mediated cytotoxicity. Here,we developed a rat model of MeHg poisoning to evaluate its neurotoxic effectsby focusing on cellular oxidative stress and synaptic Glu disruption. Inaddition, we investigated the neuroprotective role of alpha-lipoic acid (α-LA), a natural antioxidant, todeeply explore the underlying interaction between them. Fifty-six rats wererandomly divided into four groups: saline control, MeHg treatment (4 or 12µmol/kg MeHg), and α-LApre-treatment (35 µmol/kg α-LA+12µmol/kg MeHg). Rats exposed to 12 µmol/kg MeHg induced neuronal oxidativestress, with ROS accumulation and cellular antioxidant system impairment. Nrf2 andxCT pathways were activated with MeHg treatment. The enzymatic or non-enzymaticof cellular GSH synthesis were also disrupted by MeHg. On the other hand, the abnormalactivities of GS and PAG disturbed the "Glu-Gln cycle", leading to NMDARsover-activation, Ca2+ overload, and the calpain activation, which acceleratedNMDARs degradation. Meanwhile, the high expressions of phospho-p44/42 MAPK,phospho-p38 MAPK, phospho-CREB, and the high levels of caspase 3 and Bax/Bcl-2 finallyindicated the neuronal apoptosis after MeHg exposure. Pre-treatment with α-LA significantly preventedMeHg-induced neurotoxicity. In conclusion, the oxidative stress and synapticGlu dyshomeostasis contributed to MeHg-induced neuronal apoptosis. Alpha-LAattenuated these toxic effects through mechanisms of anti-oxidation andindirect Glu dyshomeostasis prevention.

19.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 2900, 2020 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32075996

RESUMO

To consummate watershed data and better quantify the impact of climate changes and human activities on runoff, we examined the changes and response mechanisms of runoff in the Min-Tuo River Basin, China. In the examination, the Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) model was used to simulate possible evapotranspiration, actual evapotranspiration, and runoff in 1980, 1990, 1995, 2000, 2005, 2010, and 2015 under different land-use conditions. SWAT weather generator was used to supplement the missing meteorological data. This study presents a quantitative analysis of the climatic and anthropogenic factors contributing to the runoff alteration in the Min-Tuo River Basin using the Budyko methods. The results suggested that the reduced precipitation was the main cause of runoff reduction. The contributions of precipitation, possible evapotranspiration, and underlying surface alterationsof runoff were 56.18%, 37.08%, and 6.74%, respectively. Sensitivity analysis indicated that the runoff alteration was most sensitive to changes of landscape parameters. The aridity index and all the elasticities showed a spatial variations in the Min-Tuo River Basin. The influence of the three factors on runoff reduction varied with seasons. During the high-flow period, changes of the precipitation and possible evapotranspiration and underlying surface had the greatest effect on runoff reduction, while changes of underlying surfaces had the least effect.

20.
J Asian Nat Prod Res ; : 1-11, 2020 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32009448

RESUMO

By HPLC-MSn and HRMS analyses, the structures of 52 polyoxypregnane glycosides were rapidly inferred from Dregea sinensis Hemsl on the basis of their sodium-cationized molecules [M + Na]+ and predominant diagnostic ions resulting from the saccharic chain on C3 and the neutral loss of substituent on C11 and C12. Compounds 1 and 7 significantly inhibited LPS-stimulated splenocyte proliferation in vitro.[Formula: see text].

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