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1.
J Agric Food Chem ; 72(11): 5926-5934, 2024 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38457471

RESUMO

Glycinin (11S) and ß-conglycinin (7S) from soybean (glycine max) cause diarrhea and intestinal barrier damage in young animals. Understanding the mechanisms underlying the damage caused by 7S and 11S, it is vital to develop strategies to eliminate allergenicity. Consequently, we investigated 7S/11S-mediated apoptosis in porcine intestinal epithelial (IPEC-J2) cells. IPEC-J2 cells suffered endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS) in response to 7S and 11S, activating protein kinase RNA-like ER kinase, activating transcription factor 6, C/EBP homologous protein, and inositol-requiring enzyme 1 alpha. 4-Phenylbutyric acid (4-PBA) treatment alleviated ERS; reduced the NLR family pyrin domain containing 3, interleukin-1ß, and interleukin-18 levels; inhibited apoptosis; increased mitofusin 2 expression; and mitigated Ca2+ overload and mitochondria-associated ER membrane (MAM) dysfunction, thereby ameliorating IPEC-J2 injury. We demonstrated the pivotal role of ERS in MAM dysfunction and 7S- and 11S-mediated apoptosis, providing insights into 7S- and 11S-mediated intestinal barrier injury prevention and treatment.


Assuntos
Antígenos de Plantas , Apoptose , Globulinas , Soja , Fenilbutiratos , Proteínas de Armazenamento de Sementes , Proteínas de Soja , Animais , Suínos , Retículo Endoplasmático , Mitocôndrias , Estresse do Retículo Endoplasmático
2.
Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand) ; 70(2): 281-284, 2024 Feb 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38431837

RESUMO

This study aimed to investigate the effect of laparoscopic and laparotomy extensive hysterectomy on the safety of ureterovaginal fistula infection in patients with cervical cancer. For this purpose, a total of 90 patients with early cervical cancer admitted to Affiliated Huaian No.1 People's Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from February 2021 to May 2022 were randomly divided into laparoscopy group and laparotomy group, with 45 cases in each group. The laparoscopy group was treated with laparoscopic extensive hysterectomy, while the laparotomy group was treated with laparotomy extensive hysterectomy. The KPS score, adverse reactions, as well as serum creatinine and urea nitrogen were compared between the two groups. Results showed that after surgery, the KPS score in both groups was higher than before treatment, and the KPS score in laparoscopy group was higher than that in laparotomy group, the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). After operation, the incidence of adverse reactions in laparotomy group was higher than that in the laparoscopy group, the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). Moreover, after operation, the levels of creatinine and urea nitrogen in laparoscopy group were significantly lower than those in laparotomy group, the differences were statistically significant (P<0.05). In conclusion, both laparoscopic and laparotomy extensive hysterectomy may lead to ureterovaginal fistula infection in patients with cervical cancer. However, compared with laparotomy extensive hysterectomy, laparoscopic extensive hysterectomy had higher safety and significantly improved the quality of life of patients, which was worthy of popularization and application in clinical practice.


Assuntos
Fístula , Laparoscopia , Sinusite , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/cirurgia , Laparotomia/efeitos adversos , Qualidade de Vida , Laparoscopia/efeitos adversos , Creatinina , Histerectomia/efeitos adversos , Nitrogênio , Ureia
3.
Res Vet Sci ; 169: 105177, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38350170

RESUMO

Subclinical ketosis (SCK) in dairy cows is often misdiagnosed because it lacks clinical signs and detection indicators. However, it is highly prevalent and may transform into clinical ketosis if not treated promptly. Due to the negative energy balance, a large amount of fat is mobilized, producing NEFA that exceeds the upper limit of liver processing, which in turn leads to the disturbance of liver lipid metabolism. The silent information regulator 1 (SIRT1) is closely related to hepatic lipid metabolism disorders. Exosomes as signal transmitters, also play a role in the circulatory system. We hypothesize that the circulating exosome-mediated adenosine 5'-monophosphate (AMP)-activated protein kinase alpha (AMPKα)-SIRT1 pathway regulates lipid metabolism disorders in SCK cows. We extracted the exosomes required for the experiment from the peripheral circulating blood of non-ketotic (NK) and SCK cows. We investigated the effect of circulating exosomes on the expression levels of mRNA and protein of the AMPKα-SIRT1 pathway in non-esterified fatty acid (NEFA)-induced dairy cow primary hepatocytes using in vitro cell experiments. The results showed that circulating exosomes increased the expression levels of Lipolysis-related genes and proteins (AMPKα, SIRT1, and PGC-1α) in hepatocytes treated with 1.2 mM NEFA, and inhibited the expression of lipid synthesis-related genes and protein (SREBP-1C). The regulation of exosomes on lipid metabolism disorders caused by 1.2 mM NEFA treatment showed the same trend as for SIRT1-overexpressing adenovirus. The added exosomes could regulate NEFA-induced lipid metabolism in hepatocytes by mediating the AMPKα-SIRT1 pathway, consistent with the effect of transfected SIRT1 adenovirus.


Assuntos
Doenças dos Bovinos , Exossomos , Cetose , Transtornos do Metabolismo dos Lipídeos , Feminino , Animais , Bovinos , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos/fisiologia , Sirtuína 1/genética , Sirtuína 1/metabolismo , Sirtuína 1/farmacologia , Ácidos Graxos não Esterificados , Exossomos/metabolismo , Hepatócitos/metabolismo , Fígado/metabolismo , Transtornos do Metabolismo dos Lipídeos/metabolismo , Transtornos do Metabolismo dos Lipídeos/veterinária , Proteínas Quinases Ativadas por AMP/genética , Cetose/veterinária , Doenças dos Bovinos/metabolismo
4.
BMC Genomics ; 25(1): 165, 2024 Feb 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38336615

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sugarcane (Saccharum spp.) holds exceptional global significance as a vital crop, serving as a primary source of sucrose, bioenergy, and various by-products. The optimization of sugarcane breeding by fine-tuning essential traits has become crucial for enhancing crop productivity and stress resilience. Leucine-rich repeat receptor-like kinases (LRR-RLK) genes present promising targets for this purpose, as they are involved in various aspects of plant development and defense processes. RESULTS: Here, we present a detailed overview of phylogeny and expression of 288 (495 alleles) and 312 (1365 alleles) LRR-RLK genes from two founding Saccharum species, respectively. Phylogenetic analysis categorized these genes into 15 subfamilies, revealing considerable expansion or reduction in certain LRR-type subfamilies. Compared to other plant species, both Saccharum species had more significant LRR-RLK genes. Examination of cis-acting elements demonstrated that SsLRR-RLK and SoLRR-RLK genes exhibited no significant difference in the types of elements included, primarily involved in four physiological processes. This suggests a broad conservation of LRR-RLK gene function during Saccharum evolution. Synteny analysis indicated that all LRR-RLK genes in both Saccharum species underwent gene duplication, primarily through whole-genome duplication (WGD) or segmental duplication. We identified 28 LRR-RLK genes exhibiting novel expression patterns in response to different tissues, gradient development leaves, and circadian rhythm in the two Saccharum species. Additionally, SoLRR-RLK104, SoLRR-RLK7, SoLRR-RLK113, and SsLRR-RLK134 were identified as candidate genes for sugarcane disease defense response regulators through transcriptome data analysis of two disease stresses. This suggests LRR-RLK genes of sugarcane involvement in regulating various biological processes, including leaf development, plant morphology, photosynthesis, maintenance of circadian rhythm stability, and defense against sugarcane diseases. CONCLUSIONS: This investigation into gene duplication, functional conservation, and divergence of LRR-RLK genes in two founding Saccharum species lays the groundwork for a comprehensive genomic analysis of the entire LRR-RLK gene family in Saccharum. The results reveal LRR-RLK gene played a critical role in Saccharum adaptation to diverse conditions, offering valuable insights for targeted breeding and precise phenotypic adjustments.


Assuntos
Saccharum , Saccharum/genética , Saccharum/metabolismo , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Filogenia , Melhoramento Vegetal , Genômica , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas
5.
Lab Chip ; 24(2): 356-366, 2024 01 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38108440

RESUMO

Non-electronic wearables that utilize skin-interfaced microfluidic technology have revolutionized the collection and analysis of human sweat, providing valuable biochemical information and indicating body hydration status. However, existing microfluidic devices often require constant monitoring of data during sweat assessment, thereby impeding the user experience and potentially missing anomalous physiological events, such as excessive sweating. Moreover, the complex manufacturing process hampers the scalability and large-scale production of such devices. Herein, we present a self-feedback microfluidic device with a unique dehydration reminder through a cost-effective "CAD-to-3D device" approach. It incorporates two independent systems for sweat collection and thermal feedback, including serpentine microchannels, reservoirs, petal-like bursting valves and heating chambers. The device operates by sequentially collecting sweat in the channels and reservoirs, and then activating thermal stimulators in the heating chambers through breaking the valves, initiating a chemical exothermic reaction. Human trials validate that the devices effectively alert users to potential dehydration by inducing skin thermal sensations triggered by sweat sampling. The proposed device offers facile scalability and customizable fabrication, and holds promise for managing hydration strategies in real-world scenarios, benefiting individuals engaged in sporting activities or exposed to high-temperature settings.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Suor , Humanos , Sudorese , Microfluídica , Retroalimentação , Desidratação , Dispositivos Lab-On-A-Chip
6.
Heliyon ; 9(11): e22258, 2023 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38058639

RESUMO

Aims: M2 macrophage is believed to play an important role in the development of endometriosis. This study aimed to identify several key genes related to the M2 macrophage in endometriosis. Method: Differential expressed genes between endometriosis and non-endometriosis were identified based on three microarray datasets from the Gene Expression Omnibus database. Gene modules significantly associated with M2 macrophage were identified from the weighted gene co-expression network analysis. Furthermore, by intersecting the differential expressed genes and M2 macrophage-associated module genes, M2 macrophage-related genes in endometriosis were identified. Functional analyses of the Gene Ontology and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes for these genes were then performed. Following, the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator, random forest, and receiver operating characteristic curves were further conducted to identify the key M2 macrophage-related genes in endometriosis. Finally, the expressions of key genes in endometriosis, as well as their correlations with M2 macrophages were verified in an independent validation cohort. Results: Totally, 185 M2 macrophage-related genes were identified, and they were mainly enriched in functions associated with the cell cycle, oocyte maturation, and immune response. Following machine learning algorithms, eight key genes were selected in the endometriosis: PGR, OLFM4, PIP5K1B, CCNA1, BRIP1, CADM1, PRAME, and GCNT1. The eight key genes were confirmed to be negative with M2 macrophage infiltration levels. Furthermore, the expression levels of these genes were significantly lower in the middle secretory stage while relevantly higher in the proliferative stage. The validation analysis also showed similar outcomes with the above results. Conclusion: Eight M2 macrophage-related genes were identified as potential biomarkers of endometriosis, providing novel understanding of immune cells in the endometriosis.

7.
J Agric Food Chem ; 71(37): 13745-13756, 2023 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37682935

RESUMO

The apoptosis of intestinal porcine epithelial cells induced by soybean antigen protein allergy is one of the most important mechanisms responsible for enteritis. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) affect the cellular and physiological functions of all multicellular organisms. We hypothesize that microRNA-223 inhibits soybean glycinin- and ß-conglycinin-induced apoptosis of intestinal porcine enterocytes (IPEC-J2) by targeting the NLR family pyrin domain containing 3 (NLRP-3). Using the intestinal interepithelial lymphocyte (IEL)/IPEC-J2 co-culture system as an in vitro model, we investigate the role of microRNA-223 in the regulation of soybean glycinin- and ß-conglycinin-induced apoptosis. In co-cultured IEL/IPEC-J2 cells incubated with glycinin or ß-conglycinin, microRNA-223 decreased NLRP-3, ASC, caspase-1, caspase-3, FAS, BCL-2, and APAF-1 expressions in IPEC-J2 cells; decreased cytokine and cyclooxygenase-2 levels; significantly increased cell activity; and inhibited apoptosis. These data supported a novel antiallergic mechanism to mitigate the sensitization of soybean antigenic protein, which involves the upregulation of microRNA-223-targeting NLRP-3.


Assuntos
Apoptose , Animais , Suínos , Técnicas de Cocultura
8.
Molecules ; 28(18)2023 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37764275

RESUMO

Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress is a crucial factor in the pathogenesis of intestinal diseases. Soybean antigenic proteins (ß-conglycinin and soy glycinin) induce hypersensitivity reactions and intestinal barrier damage. However, whether this damage is associated with ER stress, autophagy, and the gut microbiome is largely unclear. Therefore, in this study, we aimed to investigate the effect of dietary supplementation with soy glycinin (11S glycinin) and ß-conglycinin (7S glycinin) on intestinal ER stress, autophagy, and flora in weaned piglets. Thirty healthy 21-day-old weaned "Duroc × Long White × Yorkshire" piglets were randomly divided into three groups and fed a basic, 7S-supplemented, or 11S-supplemented diet for one week. The results indicated that 7S/11S glycinin disrupted growth performance, damaged intestinal barrier integrity, and impaired goblet cell function in piglets (p < 0.05). Moreover, 7S/11S glycinin induced ER stress and blocked autophagic flux in the jejunum (p < 0.05) and increased the relative abundance of pathogenic flora (p < 0.01) and decreased that of beneficial flora (p < 0.05). In conclusion, 7S/11S glycinin induces intestinal ER stress, autophagic flux blockage, microbiota imbalance, and intestinal barrier damage in piglets.


Assuntos
Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Microbiota , Animais , Suínos , Intestinos , Estresse do Retículo Endoplasmático
9.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 15(32): 38562-38571, 2023 Aug 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37530029

RESUMO

The slippage of moisture-sensitive materials from substrates during bending or stretching is a common issue that causes baseline drift and even failure of the flexible humidity sensors, which are essential components of wearable electronic devices. In this study, we report a stretchable, self-adhesive, and transparent humidity-sensing electronic patch comprising liquid metal particle electrodes with a stretchable serpentine structure and a humidity-sensing layer made of Ti3C2Tx MXene/carboxymethyl cellulose. This patch is constructed on a soft-hard integrated heterostructure substrate and demonstrates stable humidity-sensitive response performance at 100% tensile strain, along with autonomous adhesion to human skin. Additionally, it exhibits maximum response (1145.4%) at 90% relative humidity (RH), fast response and recovery time (1.4/5.9 s), elevated sensitivity (64.63%/% RH), and preserved humidity sensing under deformation, as well as easy scalability for multiplexed detection. We further illustrate the patch's potential applications in healthcare and environmental monitoring through a non-contact security door control system and wind monitor system. Our proposed strain-isolation strategy can be extended to other rigid conductive materials and stretchable substrates, providing a feasible mechanism for producing stretchable electronic skin patches.

10.
J Gynecol Obstet Hum Reprod ; 52(10): 102634, 2023 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37500012

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of laparoscopic uterosacral ligament suspension (LUSLS) for pelvic organ prolapse (POP) using a meta-analysis method. METHODS: All articles about LUSLS published in English from Jan. 2010 to Jan. 2020 were retrieved using a computer from search engines, including PubMed, EMbase, Cochrane Library, CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, and Chinese Medical Journals. Meta-analysis was performed by two evaluators using RevMan 5.3 software according to the inclusion criteria. RESULTS: A total of five studies were finally included, with 361 LUSLS cases and 361 control cases. LUSLS group showed a shorter operation duration (SMD-1.96; 95% CI = -3.90- -0.03; P = 0.05), more POP-quantification system (Q) (I) (SMD1.64; 95% CI = 1.05-2.56; P = 0.03), than the control group, with significant differences. There was no difference in the complication incidence, hospital stay, POP-Q>=II between the 2 groups (P > 0.05). CONCLUSION: LUSLS was a safe and effective treatment for POP. Patients had higher postoperative satisfaction, shorter operation duration and satisfactory outcome. More high-quality randomized controlled trials are required in the future to make the results of the meta-analysis more accurate.


Assuntos
Laparoscopia , Prolapso de Órgão Pélvico , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos em Ginecologia/métodos , Prolapso de Órgão Pélvico/cirurgia , Laparoscopia/métodos , Ligamentos/cirurgia
11.
Eur J Nutr ; 62(7): 2841-2854, 2023 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37358571

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Soybean glycinin (11S) and ß-conglycinin (7S) are major antigenic proteins in soybean and can induce a variety of allergic reactions in the young animals. This study aimed to investigate the effect of 7S and 11S allergens on the intestine of piglets. METHODS: Thirty healthy 21-day-old weaned "Duroc × Long White × Yorkshire" piglets were randomly divided into three groups fed with the basic diet, the 7S supplemented basic diet, or the 11S supplemented basic diet for 1 week. Allergy markers, intestinal permeability, oxidative stress, and inflammatory reactions were detected, and we observed different sections of intestinal tissue. The expressions of genes and proteins related to NOD-like receptor thermal protein domain associated protein 3 (NLRP-3) signaling pathway were detected by IHC, RT-qPCR, and WB. RESULTS: Severe diarrhea and decreased growth rate were observed in the 7S and 11S groups. Typical allergy markers include IgE production and significant elevations of histamine and 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT). More aggressive intestinal inflammation and barrier dysfunction were observed in the experimental weaned piglets. In addition, 7S and 11S supplementation increased the levels of 8-hydroxy-2 deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) and nitrotyrosine, triggering oxidative stress. Furthermore, higher expression levels of NLRP-3 inflammasome ASC, caspase-1, IL-1ß, and IL-18 were observed in the duodenum, jejunum, and ileum. CONCLUSION: We confirmed that 7S and 11S damaged the intestinal barrier of weaned piglets and may be associated with the onset of oxidative stress and inflammatory response. However, the molecular mechanism underlying these reactions deserves further study.


Assuntos
Globulinas , Hipersensibilidade , Animais , Suínos , Proteínas de Soja/efeitos adversos , Proteínas de Soja/metabolismo , Intestinos , Globulinas/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo
12.
Gen Comp Endocrinol ; 330: 114148, 2023 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36272447

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: While many testis-enriched genes have been identified as important regulators of the spermatogenic process, the specific roles played by several of these genes and their functional importance has yet to be fully clarified. METHODS: We employed a CRISPR/Cas9 approach to introduce a 5 bp in-frame deletion within the Spdye4a gene (Exon 2) of C57BL/6 mice (Spdye4a-/-). Fertility and sperm counts were evaluated. Testes tissues and cell suspensions were analyzed via histological and immunofluorescence staining. mRNA and protein levels of candidate genes were assessed through qPCR and Western blotting. In vitro fertilization was used to assess the ability of sperm cells to bind to egg cells. RESULTS: Spdye4a-/- mice did not exhibit any reduction in fertility, and exhibited comparable sperm counts, morphology and motility to those of wildtype littermates. Functionally, Spdye4a-/- sperm exhibited normal sperm-egg binding activity in vitro. Furthermore, the testes of Spdye4a-/- mice exhibited a full range of germ cells from spermatogonia to mature spermatozoa. No differences in the progression of meiotic prophase I were observed when comparing Spdye4a-/- and wildtype mice, indicating that the loss of Spdye4a had no adverse effect on spermatogenesis. DISCUSSION: Spdye4a is dispensable in the context of mice fertility and spermatogenesis. This study will prevent other laboratories from expending repeated efforts to generate similar knockout mice.


Assuntos
Meiose , Testículo , Animais , Masculino , Camundongos , Fertilidade/genética , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout , Sêmen , Espermatogênese/genética , Espermatogônias , Espermatozoides/metabolismo , Testículo/metabolismo
13.
Schizophrenia (Heidelb) ; 8(1): 84, 2022 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36261468

RESUMO

Computerised cognitive remediation therapy (CCRT) and aerobic exercise are often used to rehabilitate social functioning in patients with schizophrenia. However, there is limited knowledge regarding the effects of CCRT combined with aerobic exercise on cognitive function and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) levels in patients with schizophrenia and cognitive impairment. Ninety-six patients with schizophrenia and cognitive impairment were included in this study and randomly divided into control, aerobic exercise (AE), and CCRT combined with aerobic exercise (CAE) groups. Changes in processing speed and cognitive flexibility at week 8 were evaluated as primary and secondary cognitive outcomes using the Trail Making Test: Part A, the Brief Assessment of Cognition in Schizophrenia: Symbol Coding Test, and the Stroop Colour-Word Test. Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) scores and serum BDNF expression were determined as other secondary outcomes. The CAE group showed significantly better performance in terms of changes in processing speed and cognitive flexibility than the control and AE groups at week 8 (p < 0.05); however, no significant improvements in processing speed and cognitive flexibility were found between the control and AE groups. The CAE group showed significant improvements in the PANSS negative symptoms than the control group at week 8 (p < 0.05), but the AE group showed no significant difference in the changes of PANSS negative symptoms when compared with the other two groups. The CAE group and AE group showed a greater increase in serum BDNF levels than the control group (p < 0.01), but there was no significant difference in serum BDNF expression between the CAE group and AE group. In conclusion, 8-week CCRT combined with aerobic exercise may improve some cognitive performance and negative symptoms in patients with schizophrenia. Aerobic exercise may have an immediate effect on serum BDNF levels rather than cognitive function.

14.
Front Vet Sci ; 9: 890978, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35782549

RESUMO

11S glycinin is a major soybean antigenic protein, which induces human and animal allergies. It has been reported to induce intestinal porcine epithelial (IPEC-J2) cell apoptosis, but the role of pyroptosis in 11S glycinin allergies remains unknown. In this study, IPEC-J2 cells were used as an in vitro physiological model to explore the mechanism of 11S glycinin-induced pyroptosis. The cells were incubated with 0, 1, 5, and 10 mg·ml-1 11S glycinin for 24 h. Our results revealed that 11S glycinin significantly inhibited cell proliferation, induced DNA damage, generated active oxygen, decreased mitochondrial membrane potential, and increased the NOD-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP-3) expression of IPEC-J2 cells in a dose-dependent manner. Further, IPEC-J2 cells were transfected with designed sh-NLRP-3 lentivirus to silence NLRP-3. The results showed that 11S glycinin up-regulated the silenced NLRP-3 gene and increased the expression levels of apoptosis-related spot-like protein (ASC), caspase-1, the cleaved gasdermin D, and interleukin-1ß. The IPEC-J2 cells showed pyrolysis morphology. Moreover, we revealed that N-acetyl-L-cysteine can significantly inhibit the production of reactive oxygen species and reduce the expression levels of NLRP-3 and the cleaved gasdermin D. Taken together, 11S glycinin up-regulated NLRP-3-induced pyroptosis by triggering reactive oxygen species in IPEC-J2 cells.

15.
Front Vet Sci ; 9: 907299, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35711805

RESUMO

Rutin, a common dietary flavonoid, exhibits remarkable pharmacological activities such as antioxidant and anti-inflammatory functions. Metabolic stress in mammals during the transition period affects mammary gland health. The aim of this experiment was to evaluate the protective effect of rutin supplementing against metabolic stress in the mammary glands of sheep during the transition period, particularly after parturition. Transition Hu sheep (2-3 years old with 62.90 ± 2.80 kg) were randomly divided into three groups, the control group was fed a diet without rutin, while rutin (50 and 100 mg/kg body weight/day) was administered to the two treatment groups (-28 day to +28 day relative to parturition). Serum and blood samples were collected from jugular vein on days -14, -7, +1, +2, +7, +14, +21, +28 relative to parturition. Mammary tissue biopsy samples of four sheep from the treatment group were harvested on day +28 postpartum. Compared to that in the control group, rutin supplementation resulted in lower ß-hydroxybutyrate (BHBA) while increasing the concentrations of non-esterified fatty acids (NEFA) and globulin after lactation. Furthermore, rutin treatment led to lower hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and malonaldehyde (MDA) levels, resulting in increased catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and total antioxidant potential (T-AOC). Compared to that in the control group, rutin inhibits the mRNA expression of inflammatory markers such as tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α). In addition, rutin markedly downregulated the ratio of phosphorylated NF-κB p65 (p-p65) to total NF-κB p65 (p65). Meanwhile, rutin supplementation resulted in high mRNA abundance of the nuclear factor erythroid 2-like 2 (NFE2L2, formerly NRF2) and its target gene, heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), which plays critical roles in maintaining the redox balance of the mammary gland. Furthermore, rutin treatment lowered the levels of various downstream apoptotic markers, including Bax, caspase3 and caspase9, while upregulating anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 protein. These data indicate the positive effect of rutin against inflammation, oxidative stress status, and anti-apoptotic activity in the mammary gland. The mechanism underlying these responses merits further study.

16.
Front Physiol ; 13: 725919, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35418873

RESUMO

Excessive production of free radicals can induce cellular damage, which is associated with many diseases. RNA is more susceptible to oxidative damage than DNA due to its single-stranded structure, and lack of protective proteins. Yet, oxidative damage to RNAs received little attention. Accumulating evidence reveals that oxidized RNAs may be dysfunctional and play fundamental role in the occurrence and development of type 2 diabetes (T2D) and its complications. Oxidized guanine nucleoside, 8-oxo-7, 8-dihydroguanine (8-oxoGuo) is a biomarker of RNA oxidation that could be associated with prognosis in patients with T2D. Nowadays, some clinical trials used antioxidants for the treatment of T2D, though the pharmacological effects remained unclear. In this review, we overview the cellular handling mechanisms and the consequences of the oxidative RNA damage for the better understanding of pathogenesis of T2D and may provide new insights to better therapeutic strategy.

17.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 43(10): 2723-2734, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35354961

RESUMO

Rivaroxaban, a direct factor Xa inhibitor, is widely used for stroke prevention in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF). The aim of this study was to conduct a population pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic (PK-PD) analysis of rivaroxaban in Chinese patients with NVAF to assess ethnic differences and provide model-based precision dosing. A total of 256 rivaroxaban plasma concentrations and 244 prothrombin time (PT) measurements were obtained from 195 Chinese NVAF patients from a prospective clinical trial. The population PK-PD model was developed using nonlinear mixed effects modeling (NONMEM) software. The PK of rivaroxaban was adequately described using a one-compartment model with first-order adsorption and elimination. Estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was identified as a major covariate for apparent clearance. No single nucleotide polymorphism was identified as a significant covariate. PT exhibited a linear relationship with rivaroxaban concentration. Total bilirubin (TBIL) and eGFR were identified as significant covariates for baseline PT. According to the Monte Carlo simulation, 15 mg for Chinese patients with eGFR ≥50 mL/min and normal liver function yielded an exposure comparable to 20 mg for Caucasian patients. Patients with moderately impaired renal function may require a lower dose of rivaroxaban to avoid overexposure. Moreover, there was an approximate 26% increase in PT levels in patients with TBIL of 34 µmol/L and eGFR of 30 mL/min, which could increase the risk of major bleeding. The established population PK-PD model could inform individualized dosing for Chinese NVAF patients who are administered rivaroxaban.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Anticoagulantes , Fibrilação Atrial/tratamento farmacológico , Bilirrubina , China , Inibidores do Fator Xa/efeitos adversos , Inibidores do Fator Xa/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Morfolinas/farmacologia , Nucleotídeos , Estudos Prospectivos , Rivaroxabana/farmacologia , Rivaroxabana/uso terapêutico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/prevenção & controle , Tiofenos/farmacologia
18.
Chem Eng J ; 4322022 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35110969

RESUMO

Wearable mechanical sensors are easily influenced by moisture resulting in inaccuracy for monitoring human health and body motions. Though the superhydrophobic barrier has been extensively explored as passive water repel strategy on the sensor surface, the dense superhydrophobic surface not only limits the sensor working under large deformations but also inevitable degradation in high humidity or saturation water vapor environments. This work reports a superhydrophobic MXene-sodium alginate sponge (SMSS) pressure sensor with a low voltage Joule heating effect to provide sustain moisture-insensitive property for both sensing performance and superhydrophobicity by heating-driven water molecules away. Because of the positive temperature coefficient under pressure applied, the Joule heating can provides a stable temperature to the moisture-insensitivity property during the whole dynamic pressure cycled. Therefore, the pressure sensor with a simple spray-coating superhydrophobic coating on the outer layer demonstrates key capabilities even in extreme use scenarios with high humidity or water vapor and also provides stable and reliable bio-signal monitoring.

19.
BMJ Open ; 12(6): e058378, 2022 06 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36691239

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Rivaroxaban is one of the most commonly used non-vitamin K antagonists for stroke prevention in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF). Different individual exposures exist for Asian and non-Asian populations, and dose selection is different for Japanese and non-Japanese subjects. Few studies have investigated the pharmacokinetics (PK) and pharmacodynamics (PD) of rivaroxaban in Chinese patients and provided a solid reference for dose selection and individualised therapy. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This is a single-centre prospective study. Rivaroxaban-treated Chinese NVAF patients will be recruited according to predetermined inclusion criteria. Blood samples will be collected from both outpatients and inpatients with different sampling strategies at steady state. Rivaroxaban plasma concentration, factor Xa activity, prothrombin time and single-nucleotide polymorphisms of candidate genes will be evaluated. Follow-up will be conducted following 3 and 6 months after enrolment to collect information about the safety and efficacy outcomes. A nonlinear mixed-effects modelling strategy will be used to develop a population PK-PD model of rivaroxaban. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: The study has been approved by the Ethics Committee of Huashan Hospital, Fudan University (KY2020-016). The study findings will be submitted to peer-reviewed journals and shared with public health authorities. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: ChiCTR2100046685.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Humanos , Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Fibrilação Atrial/tratamento farmacológico , População do Leste Asiático , Inibidores do Fator Xa/uso terapêutico , Pacientes Internados , Estudos Prospectivos , Rivaroxabana/efeitos adversos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia
20.
Transl Stroke Res ; 13(3): 391-398, 2022 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34596891

RESUMO

The purpose was to explore the value of high on-treatment platelet reactivity (HTPR) in predicting long-term clinical outcomes for stroke patients. The platelet reactivity was assayed after being treated with either 75 mg clopidogrel or 100 mg aspirin daily with VerifyNow System in stroke patients. HTPR for clopidogrel was defined as PRU ≥ 208, and that for aspirin was defined as ARU ≥ 550. CYP2C19 genotyping was performed using the Sequenom MassARRAY iPLEX platform. The primary endpoint was a composite of recurrent ischemic stroke, transient ischemic attack, myocardial infarction, or ischemic vascular death. The safety endpoint was bleeding. In the clopidogrel group, among 345 patients recruited, 174 of them were categorized as HTPR. A total of 270 patients were followed up for 54 months. There was a significant association between HTPR and the primary endpoint (HRadj 2.13 [95% CI, 1.43-3.15], p < 0.001). Among the 314 participants genotyped for CYP2C19, 187 (59.6%) were classified as CYP2C19 loss-of-function allele carriers. Patients with at least 1 loss-of-function allele were more likely to present with HTPR (ORadj 2.61 [95%CI, 1.43-4.77], p = 0.008), and had a higher risk of the primary endpoint (HRadj 2.05 [95% CI, 1.30, 3.25], p = 0.002). In the aspirin group, among 140 patients recruited, 28 of them were categorized as HTPR. A total of 121 patients were followed up for 30 months. Similarly, there was a significant association between HTPR and the primary endpoint (HRadj 3.28 [95% CI, 1.52-7.71], p = 0.002). HTPR is an independent risk factor for ischemic events during long-term follow-up in stroke patients. Platelet function testing is helpful to evaluate the effect of antiplatelet therapy for stroke patients.


Assuntos
Inibidores da Agregação Plaquetária , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Aspirina/uso terapêutico , Clopidogrel/uso terapêutico , Citocromo P-450 CYP2C19/genética , Citocromo P-450 CYP2C19/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Inibidores da Agregação Plaquetária/uso terapêutico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/tratamento farmacológico , Resultado do Tratamento
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