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1.
Small Methods ; : e2400007, 2024 Apr 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38573877

RESUMO

The development of non-precious hydrogen oxidation reaction (HOR) catalysts is a major challenge for the commercialization of Pt-free fuel cells. Herein, a temperature-induced phase hybridization method is reported that greatly improves the catalytic performance of NiCu alloy for the HOR. The migration of W atoms hybridizes the interface of tungsten oxide (WOx) and tungsten carbide (WC) at the onset reduction temperature of WOx, leading to a greatly weakened H binding energy and an optimized OH binding energy, which endows NiCuW/WOx-WC@WC with favorable stability and CO resistance during HOR. The hybridization catalysts deliver a high mass activity of 29.37 mA mg-1 Ni and reach a peak power of 298 mW.cm-2 in H2-O2 anion exchange membrane fuel cells (AEMFCs).

2.
J Org Chem ; 2024 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38567628

RESUMO

We herein present an electrochemical method for the dehydrogenative cross-coupling of N-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-sulfonamides and 2-naphthols. This transformation provides a direct and scalable approach to a wide range of C1-symmetric 2,2'-bis(arenol)s with moderate to high yields under mild conditions. Preliminary attempts with the asymmetric variant of this reaction were also performed with ≤55% ee for the synthesis of 2,2'-bis(arenol)s. Control experiments were conducted to propose a plausible mechanism for the reaction.

6.
World J Gastrointest Oncol ; 16(2): 458-474, 2024 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38425400

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gastric cancer (GC) is a prevalent malignant tumor of the gastrointestinal system. ZNF710 is a transcription factor (TF), and zinc finger protein 710 (ZNF710)-AS1-201 is an immune-related long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) that is upregulated in GC cells. AIM: To assess the correlation between ZNF710-AS1-201 and immune microenvironment features and to investigate the roles of ZNF710-AS1-201 in the invasion and metastasis processes of GC cells. METHODS: We obtained data from The Cancer Genome Atlas and Wujin Hospital. We assessed cell growth, migration, invasion, and programmed cell death using cell counting kit-8, EdU, scratch, Transwell, and flow cytometry assays. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was used to identify the potential downstream targets of ZNF710-AS1-201. RESULTS: In GC tissues with low ZNF710-AS1-201 expression, immunoassays detected significant infiltration of various antitumor immune cells, such as memory CD8 T cells and activated CD4 T cells. In the low-expression group, the half-maximal inhibitory concentrations (IC50s) of 5-fluorouracil, cisplatin, gemcitabine, and trametinib were lower, whereas the IC50s of dasatinib and vorinostat were higher. The malignant degree of GC was higher and the stage was later in the high-expression group. Additionally, patients with high expression of ZNF710-AS1-201 had lower overall survival and disease-free survival rates. In vitro, the overexpression of ZNF710-AS1-201 greatly enhanced growth, metastasis, and infiltration while suppressing cell death in HGC-27 cells. In contrast, the reduced expression of ZNF710-AS1-201 greatly hindered cell growth, enhanced apoptosis, and suppressed the metastasis and invasion of MKN-45 cells. The expression changes in ZNF710 were significant, but the corresponding changes in isocitrate dehydrogenase-2, Semaphorin 4B, ARHGAP10, RGMB, hsa-miR-93-5p, and ZNF710-AS1-202 were not consistent or statistically significant after overexpression or knockdown of ZNF710-AS1-201, as determined by qRT-PCR. CONCLUSION: Immune-related lncRNA ZNF710-AS1-201 facilitates the metastasis and invasion of GC cells. It appears that ZNF710-AS1-201 and ZNF710 have potential as effective targets for therapeutic intervention in GC. Nevertheless, it is still necessary to determine the specific targets of the ZNF710 TF.

7.
Chemistry ; : e202400894, 2024 Mar 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38494436

RESUMO

We report here on the facile synthesis of amino- and alkoxy-λ3-iodanes supported by a benziodoxole (BX) template and their use as arynophiles. The amino- and alkoxy-BX derivatives can be readily synthesized by reacting the respective amines or alcohols with chlorobenziodoxole in the presence of a suitable base. Unlike previously known nitrogen- and oxygen-bound iodane compounds, which have primarily been employed as electrophilic group transfer agents or oxidants, the present amino- and alkoxy-BX reagents manifest themselves as nucleophilic amino and alkoxy transfer agents toward arynes. This reactivity leads to the aryne insertion into the N-I(III) or O-I(III) bond to afford ortho-amino- and ortho-alkoxy-arylbenziodoxoles, iodane compounds nontrivial to procure by existing methods. The BX group in these insertion products exhibits excellent leaving group ability, enabling diverse downstream transformations.

8.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 6427, 2024 03 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38499618

RESUMO

Four-degree-of-freedom (4-DOF) human-chair coupling models are constructed to characterize the different contact modes between the head, chest back, waist back and backrest. The seat-to-head transfer ratio (STHT) is used as an evaluation metric for vibration reduction effectiveness. The simulated vibration reduction ratio of the model is close to the experimental results, which proves the validity of the model. The peak STHT is obviously reduced (P < 0.05, T-test) with seat-backrest support. The experiments show that supporting the head ( a 1 , P < 0.05, Wilcoxon matched-pairs signed ranks) has the best vibration reduction effect (21%), supporting the chest back ( a 2 , P < 0.05) has a reduced effect (11%), and supporting the waist back ( a 3 , P < 0.05) has the weakest effect (4%). When the upper torso is in full contact with the backrest, the peak STHT curve and resonance frequency are positively correlated with the contact stiffness of the seat surface and negatively correlated with the contact damping. In order to reduce the seat-to-head transfer ratio, the lowest STHT peak and lowest total energy judgments were proposed as the selection methods for the selection of the contact stiffness and damping of the backrest in two environments (periodic and non-periodic excitation), respectively.


Assuntos
Postura Sentada , Vibração , Humanos , Corpo Humano , Dorso/fisiologia , Postura/fisiologia , Fenômenos Biomecânicos
9.
Opt Express ; 32(5): 8059-8068, 2024 Feb 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38439472

RESUMO

A novel technique referred to as optical side leakage radiometry is proposed and experimentally demonstrated for non-destructive and distributed characterization of anti-resonant hollow-core optical fibers with high spatial resolution. Through in-depth analysis of the leakage light collection, we discover a unique polarization dependence, which is validated by our experiment. By leveraging this effect and employing Fourier filtering, this method enables accurate quantification of propagation attenuations for fundamental and higher order modes (with the uncertainty of <1 dB/km), identification of localized defects (with the resolution of ∼5 cm), and measurement of ultra-low spectral phase birefringence (at the level of 10-7) in two in-house-fabricated nested antiresonant nodeless hollow-core fibers. Such a fiber characterization approach, boasting unprecedently high accuracy and a potentially wide dynamic range, holds the potential to become an indispensable diagnosis tool for monitoring and assisting the manufacture of high-quality anti-resonant hollow-core fiber.

10.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 16(13): 15879-15892, 2024 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38529805

RESUMO

Tendon regeneration is greatly influenced by the oxidant and the inflammatory microenvironment. Persistent inflammation during the tendon repair can cause matrix degradation, tendon adhesion, and excessive accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), while excessive ROS affect extracellular matrix remodeling and tendon integration. Herein, we used tannic acid (TA) to modify a decellularized tendon slice (DTS) to fabricate a functional scaffold (DTS-TA) with antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties for tendon repair. The characterizations and cytocompatibility of the scaffolds were examined in vitro. The antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities of the scaffold were evaluated in vitro and further studied in vivo using a subcutaneous implantation model. It was found that the modified DTS combined with TA via hydrogen bonds and covalent bonds, and the hydrophilicity, thermal stability, biodegradability, and mechanical characteristics of the scaffold were significantly improved. Afterward, the results demonstrated that DTS-TA could effectively reduce inflammation by increasing the M2/M1 macrophage ratio and interleukin-4 (IL-4) expression, decreasing the secretion of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß), as well as scavenging excessive ROS in vitro and in vivo. In summary, DTS modified with TA provides a potential versatile scaffold for tendon regeneration.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes , Polifenóis , Tecidos Suporte , Humanos , Tecidos Suporte/química , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio , Tendões , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Regeneração
11.
Cell Mol Biol Lett ; 29(1): 34, 2024 Mar 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38459454

RESUMO

Persistent infection with high-risk human papillomavirus (HR-HPV) is the primary and initiating factor for cervical cancer. With over 200 identified HPV types, including 14 high-risk types that integrate into the host cervical epithelial cell DNA, early determination of HPV infection type is crucial for effective risk stratification and management. Presently, on-site immediate testing during the HPV screening stage, known as Point of Care Testing (POCT), remains immature, severely limiting the scope and scenarios of HPV screening. This study, guided by the genomic sequence patterns of HPV, established a multiplex recombinase polymerase amplification (RPA) technology based on the concept of "universal primers." This approach achieved the multiple amplification of RPA, coupled with the CRISPR/Cas12a system serving as a medium for signal amplification and conversion. The study successfully constructed a POCT combined detection system, denoted as H-MRC12a (HPV-Multiple RPA-CRISPR/Cas12a), and applied it to high-risk HPV typing detection. The system accomplished the typing detection of six high-risk HPV types (16, 18, 31, 33, 35, and 45) can be completed within 40 min, and the entire process, from sample loading to result interpretation, can be accomplished within 45 min, with a detection depth reaching 1 copy/µL for each high-risk type. Validation of the H-MRC12a detection system's reproducibility and specificity was further conducted through QPCR on 34 clinical samples. Additionally, this study explored and optimized the multiplex RPA amplification system and CRISPR system at the molecular mechanism level. Furthermore, the primer design strategy developed in this study offers the potential to enhance the throughput of H-MRC12a detection while ensuring sensitivity, providing a novel research avenue for high-throughput detection in Point-of-Care molecular pathogen studies.


Assuntos
Infecções por Papillomavirus , Recombinases , Humanos , Sistemas CRISPR-Cas/genética , Infecções por Papillomavirus/diagnóstico , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Testes Imediatos , Papillomavirus Humano
12.
Bioresour Technol ; 399: 130588, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38490460

RESUMO

In this work, a novel biofilm-based fermentation of Beauveria bassiana was employed to convert R-2- phenoxypropionic acid (R-PPA) to R-2-(4-hydroxyphenoxy) propionic acid (R-HPPA). The biofilm culture model of Beauveria bassiana produced a significantly higher R-HPPA titer than the traditional submerged fermentation method. Mannitol dosage, tryptone dosage, and initial pH were the factors that played a significant role in biofilm formation and R-HPPA synthesis. Under the optimal conditions, the maximum R-HPPA titer and productivity approached 22.2 g/L and 3.2 g/(L·d), respectively. A two-stage bioreactor combining agitation and static incubation was developed to further increase R-HPPA production. The process was optimized to achieve 100 % conversion of R-PPA, with a maximum R-HPPA titer of 50 g/L and productivity of 3.8 g/(L·d). This newly developed biofilm-based two-stage fermentation process provides a promising strategy for the industrial production of R-HPPA and related hydroxylated aromatic compounds.

13.
J Gastrointest Oncol ; 15(1): 112-124, 2024 Feb 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38482242

RESUMO

Background: Gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) is a common mesenchymal tumor of the gastrointestinal system. They originate from the interstitial cells of Cajal located within the muscle layer and are characterized by over-expression of the tyrosine kinase receptor KIT. Methods: Data from the Surveillance Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database of 1,213 patients diagnosed with GIST between 2010 and 2019 were dichotomized into a modeling set and a validation set at a 2:1 ratio. For the modeling set, both univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses were used to identify independent prognostic factors. A nomogram was then constructed based on these determinants. Model efficacy was tested using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves, calibration curves, clinical decision curves, and risk stratification analysis in both subsets. Results: Identified prognostic determinants included age, sex, pathological differentiation level, tumor-node-metastasis (TNM) stage, surgical intervention, radiotherapy, and marital status. The constructed nomogram showed area under the ROC curve (AUC) values of 0.822, 0.793, and 0.779 for 1-, 3-, and 5-year overall survival (OS) in the modeling set, respectively, while in the validation set, the values were 0.796, 0.823, and 0.806, respectively. Calibration plots from both sets confirmed the concordance between predicted and observed survival. Decision curve analysis (DCA) indicated significant clinical utility for the nomogram. Risk stratification of the patient data revealed distinct survival differences between high-risk and low-risk cohorts in both sets (P<0.001). Conclusions: A novel and potent nomogram for the prognosis of GIST has been introduced. This model's precision offers crucial insights for clinical decisions, yet further external validation remains essential.

14.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(5)2024 Feb 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38473861

RESUMO

Acute ammonia exposure has detrimental effects on shrimp, but the underlying mechanisms remain to be fully explored. In the present study, we investigated the impact of acute ammonia exposure on the gut microbiota of the white shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei and its association with shrimp mortality. Exposure to a lethal concentration of ammonia for 48 h resulted in increased mortality in L. vannamei, with severe damage to the hepatopancreas. Ammonia exposure led to a significant decrease in gut microbial diversity, along with the loss of beneficial bacterial taxa and the proliferation of pathogenic Vibrio strains. A phenotypic analysis revealed a transition from the dominance of aerobic to facultative anaerobic strains due to ammonia exposure. A functional analysis revealed that ammonia exposure led to an enrichment of genes related to biofilm formation, host colonization, and virulence pathogenicity. A species-level analysis and experiments suggest the key role of a Vibrio harveyi strain in causing shrimp disease and specificity under distinct environments. These findings provide new information on the mechanism of shrimp disease under environmental changes.


Assuntos
Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Penaeidae , Animais , Amônia , Disbiose , Penaeidae/genética , Hepatopâncreas
15.
Water Res ; 255: 121488, 2024 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38513371

RESUMO

Waste activated sludge (WAS) is a significant phosphorus (P) repository, and there is a growing interest in P recovery from WAS. Typically, the commercial technology for treating WAS involves thermal hydrolysis pretreatment (THP) coupled with anaerobic digestion (AD). However, there is ongoing debate regarding the transformation and distribution of P throughout this process. To address this, a long-term THP-AD process was operated in this study to comprehensively investigate P transformation and distribution. The results revealed that a substantial biodegradation of dissolved organic nitrogen (DON) raised the pH of the digestate to 8.3 during the AD process. This increased pH facilitated the dissolution of Al, leading to a reduction of 6.92 mg/L of NaOH-P. Simultaneously, sulfate reduction contributed to a decrease of 11.04 mg/L of Bipy-P in the solid. However, the reduction of Bipy-P and NaOH-P in the solid did not result in an improved P release to the supernatant. Conversely, a decrease of 23.60 mg/L P in the aqueous phase was observed after anaerobic digestion. The disappeared P was primarily precipitated with Mg and Ca, driven by the increased pH, and it contributed to the increase of HCl-P in the solid from 107.80 to 144.52 mg/L. These findings were further confirmed by results obtained from scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), and solid-state 31P nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. This study provides valuable insights into the mechanisms of P transformation during THP-AD process that is nearly opposite from conventional AD system.

16.
EMBO J ; 2024 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38528181

RESUMO

The intestinal pathogen Salmonella enterica rapidly enters the bloodstream after the invasion of intestinal epithelial cells, but how Salmonella breaks through the gut-vascular barrier is largely unknown. Here, we report that Salmonella enters the bloodstream through intestinal CX3CR1+ macrophages during early infection. Mechanistically, Salmonella induces the migration/invasion properties of macrophages in a manner dependent on host cell actin and on the pathogen effector SteC. SteC recruits host myosin light chain protein Myl12a and phosphorylates its Ser19 and Thr20 residues. Myl12a phosphorylation results in actin rearrangement, and enhanced migration and invasion of macrophages. SteC is able to utilize a wide range of NTPs other than ATP to phosphorylate Myl12a. We further solved the crystal structure of SteC, which suggests an atypical dimerization-mediated catalytic mechanism. Finally, in vivo data show that SteC-mediated cytoskeleton manipulation is crucial for Salmonella breaching the gut vascular barrier and spreading to target organs.

17.
Blood Adv ; 2024 Mar 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38537065

RESUMO

Patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) who develop Richter transformation (RT) have a poor prognosis when treated with chemoimmunotherapy regimens used for de novo diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. Venetoclax, a BCL2 inhibitor, has single agent efficacy in patients with RT and is potentially synergistic with chemoimmunotherapy. In this multicenter, retrospective study, we evaluated 62 patients with RT who received venetoclax-based treatment outside of a clinical trial, in combination with a Bruton tyrosine kinase inhibitor (BTKi; n=28), R-CHOP (n=13), or intensive chemoimmunotherapy other than R-CHOP (n=21). The best overall and complete response rates were 36%/25%, 54%/46%, and 52%/38%, respectively. The median progression-free and overall survival estimates for the same treatment groups were 4.9/14.3 months, 14.9 months/not reached, and 3.3/9 months, respectively. CLL with del(17p) was associated with a lower complete response rate in the total cohort (odds ratio [OR] 0.15; 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.04-0.6; p=0.01) and venetoclax-naïve subgroup (OR 0.13; 95%CI 0.02-0.66; p=0.01). TP53 mutated CLL was associated with a lower complete response rate (OR 0.15; 95%CI 0.03-0.74; p=0.02) and shorter progression-free survival (hazard ratio 3.1; 95%CI 1.21-7.95; p=0.02) only in venetoclax-naïve subgroup. No other clinical or baseline characteristics, including prior venetoclax treatment for CLL, showed statistically significant association with outcomes. Grade 3-4 neutropenia and thrombocytopenia events were most frequent with intensive chemoimmunotherapy + venetoclax; grade 3-4 infection rates were similar across treatment groups. In this difficult-to-treat RT patient population, venetoclax-based combination regimens achieved high response rates, with durable remission and survival observed in a subset of patients.

18.
Plant Dis ; 2024 Mar 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38537144

RESUMO

The genus Berchemia (family Rhamnaceae), a group of climbing plants, is mainly distributed in Asia, Africa, and South America. Berchemia plants are widely used in traditional medicine in some Asian countries (Inoshiri et al. 1987). For example, in Japan, B. racemosa (synonym B. floribunda) is used for the treatment of gallstones, liver diseases, neuralgia, and stomach cramps, and in China, B. floribunda is used for the treatment of rheumatism and lumbago. In August 2022, typical powdery mildew symptoms were observed on wild B. floribunda plants in Huaxi District, Guiyang, Guizhou Province, China. The incidence was approximately 60% among 100 B. floribunda plants observed outdoors. White colonies almost entirely covered on both adaxial and abaxial surfaces of all leaves on symptomatic plants. Infected leaves appeared curled or chlorotic, infection occasionally leading to defoliation. To describe the pathogen morphologically, fungal samples were collected from two individual B. floribunda plants and microscopically characterized. In these samples, hyphae were flexuous to straight, branched, septate, 3-6 µm wide, with lobed hyphal appressoria. Conidiophores were erect, flexuous to straight, and 50-160 µm long (n = 30). Foot cells were subcylindrical to slightly curved-sinuous at the base, 20-40 µm long (n = 30), followed by 2-3 shorter cells. Conidia formed singly, occasionally 2-3 in a chain. Conidia were ellipsoid to ovoid, 20-42 × 12-18 µm (n = 50), without fibrosin bodies. Chasmothecia were not found. For molecular identification, the ribosomal DNA internal transcribed spacers (ITSs) of the two fungal samples were amplified and sequenced using the ITS1/ITS4 primer pair (White et al. 1990). The obtained 649-bp ITS sequences (GenBank accession nos. OR414364 and OR414365, respectively) shared 100% identity, and they showed 99.52% identity with the ITS sequence (GenBank accession no. LC009934) of Erysiphe berchemiae. Phylogenetic analysis grouped OR414364 and OR414365 in a clade with LC009934. Based on morphological and molecular characteristics, the powdery mildew fungus from B. floribunda was identified as E. berchemiae (Braun and Cook 2012). The voucher specimen (accession no. GZNU-BFEE/0820/2022) were deposited at the School of Life Sciences, Guizhou Normal University. Pathogenicity was assessed by gently pressing naturally diseased leaves of B. floribunda onto leaves of three healthy potted 1-year-old B. floribunda plants. Three non-inoculated healthy plants were used as controls. The plants were incubated in a greenhouse at 25 ± 2°C, 80% relative humidity. Similar powdery mildew symptoms were observed on the inoculated plants 9 days after inoculation, whereas the control plants remained symptomless. The reisolated fungus from inoculated leaves was morphologically identical to that observed on the original diseased leaves, and the ITS sequence of the reisolated fungus shared 100% identity with OR414364 and OR414365, fulfilling Koch's postulates. E. berchemiae has previously been described as a powdery mildew pathogen on B. yunnanensis (Chen et al. 1987) and B. kulingensis (Chen 1993) in China and B. racemosa (synonym B. floribunda) in Japan (Braun and Cook 2012; Takamatsu et al. 2015), but this is the first report of E. berchemiae causing disease of B. floribunda in China. This work suggests that E. berchemiae is an important pathogen of Berchemia plants, at least for some species in the genus Berchemia.

19.
Polymers (Basel) ; 16(6)2024 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38543456

RESUMO

With the rapid growth in the global population and the accelerating pace of urbanization, researching and developing novel strategies for biomass utilization is significant due to its potential for use in renewable energy, climate change mitigation, waste management, and sustainable agriculture. In this environmental context, this review discusses the recent advances in biomass conversion technologies for biochar production, including the first carbonization process and the subsequent activation methods of the biochar derived from lignocellulosic biomass (LBC). Parallel to this, this review deals with other essential parameters in biochar production, such as feedstock types, reaction environments, and operating conditions in the pyrolysis process, to determine the production and composition of LBC. Moreover, the wide-ranging applications of LBC in areas such as adsorption, catalysts, and energy storage are discussed, offering sustainable and environmentally friendly alternatives while reducing reliance on traditional energy sources and mineral resources, thereby providing practical solutions to environmental and energy challenges. Overall, this review not only provides a comprehensive comparative analysis of different LBC preparation methods, but also facilitates a deeper understanding of the advantages and limitations of these methodologies when it comes to developing high-value materials for sustainable applications.

20.
Skin Res Technol ; 30(4): e13649, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38533753

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To establish accurate and objective dermoscopic diagnostic criteria and grading standards for males and females with androgenetic alopecia (AGA). METHODS: Twenty patients each with AGA, diffuse alopecia areata, telogen effluvium, and healthy controls were enrolled in the current study. In addition, 60 patients with grades F1/V1, F2/V2, and F3/V3 AGA (20 cases each) were enrolled. The patients underwent dermoscopic examinations. The sensitivity and specificity of the diagnostic criteria were based on the 60 AGA and 60 non-AGA. In addition, 150 patients diagnosed with AGA clinically and by dermoscopy were enrolled to calculate the accuracy of the grading criteria. RESULTS: The diagnostic criteria included primary, secondary, and exclusion criteria. The grading criteria included three indices, which divided the severity of AGA into grades 1, 2, and 3. The sensitivity and specificity of the diagnostic criteria were 98.3% and 96.7% respectively. The accuracy of grade 1, 2, and 3 dermoscopic grading criteria were 96%, 92%, and 100% respectively, with a total accuracy of 96%. LIMITATIONS: To test the diagnostic and grading criteria, more patients need to be collected. CONCLUSIONS: The dermoscopic diagnostic and grading criteria are objective with good accuracy, which could provide a reasonable basis for the early diagnosis, grading treatment, and improved prognosis for AGA.


Assuntos
Alopecia em Áreas , Dermoscopia , Masculino , Feminino , Humanos , Alopecia/terapia , Alopecia em Áreas/diagnóstico
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