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1.
J Hazard Mater ; 470: 134261, 2024 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38608589

RESUMO

Nitrate reduction reaction (NO3RR) is deemed a promising pathway for both ammonia synthesis and water purification. Developing a high-efficiency catalyst with excellent NH3 selectivity and catalytic stability is desirable but remains challenging. In this work, a dendritic copper oxide catalyst (Cu-B2) has been developed to efficiently catalyze NO3RR for ammonia production, the Cu-B2 exhibits excellent catalytic performance, achieving an NH3 Faradaic efficiency as high as 94 % and an NH3 yield of 16.9 mg h-1 cm-2 with a current density of 192.3 mA cm-2 at - 0.6 V (vs. RHE, reversible hydrogen electrode). During NO3RR testing, the Cu-B2 catalysts are reduced in situ to form highly active Cu0/Cu+ sites, while retaining its dendritic morphology. Compared with other catalysts, the Cu-O bond in Cu-B2 catalyst has weaker polarity, resulting in Cu0/Cu+ sites in lower oxidation states. In situ attenuated total reflection surface enhanced infrared absorption spectroscopy (ATR-SEIRAS) studies reveal the Cu-B2 catalyst exhibits a potential-independent capability for *NO3- adsorption and high conversion efficiency of NO2- intermediate into ammonia, DFT calculations reveal that Cu-B2 exhibts higher NO3- adsorption energy and lower NO3- adsorption energy barrier than Cu-B1, thus endowing it with a remarkably improved catalytic activity and durability.

2.
Curr Probl Cancer ; 50: 101095, 2024 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38598973

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A solitary plasmacytoma is classified into a solitary plasmacytoma of the bone (SBP) and a solitary extramedullary (soft tissue mass) plasmacytoma, based on the site of the lesion. Despite the high local control rate with radiotherapy, approximately half of patients' conditions progress to multiple myeloma (MM) within 3-5 years after diagnosis, with SBP having a worse prognosis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively assessed the treatment and outcomes of patients with SBP in a hospital in China from 2008 to 2021. Twenty-four patients treated over 13 years with SBP were enrolled in this retrospective study. RESULTS: The most common sites for SBP were the axial skeleton and femur. The M protein was detected in 11 patients (46 %), of which 8 (33 %) had light chains, 2 (8 %) had immunoglobulin G kappa and 1 (4 %) had immunoglobulin D kappa. Flow cytometry revealed that 5 patients (21 %) had minimal bone marrow involvement. The treatment included chemotherapy, surgery, and radiotherapy in 18 (75 %), 12 (50 %), and 9 (38 %) patients, respectively, of whom 13 (54 %) received combined treatment. Over a median follow-up period of 67.2 months, 9 patients (38 %) developed MM in a median time of 101.5 months. The 5- and 10-year progression-free survival rates were 67.3 % and 37.4 %, respectively. One patient died due to pneumonia without progression and the other died due to relapse. CONCLUSION: This study confirmed the high rate of progression of SBP to MM, indicating a need for adjunct chemotherapy for the management of SBP.

3.
Free Radic Biol Med ; 218: 26-40, 2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38570172

RESUMO

Nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) plays a crucial role in ferroptosis by regulating the cellular antioxidant response and maintaining redox balance. However, compounds that induce ferroptosis through dual antioxidant pathways based on Nrf2 have not been fully explored. In our study, we investigated the impact of Gambogic acid (GA) on MCF-7 cells and HepG2 cells in vitro. The cytotoxicity, colony formation assay and cell cycle assay demonstrated potent tumor-killing ability of GA, while its effect was rescued by ferroptosis inhibitors. Furthermore, RNA sequencing revealed the enrichment of ferroptosis pathway mediated by GA. In terms of ferroptosis indicators detection, evidences for GA were provided including reactive oxygen species (ROS) accumulation, alteration in mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP), disappearance of mitochondrial cristae, lipid peroxidation induction, malondialdehyde (MDA) accumulation promotion, iron ion accumulation as well as glutathione (GSH)/thioredoxin (Trx) depletion. Notably, Ferrostatin-1 (Fer-1) and Liproxstatin-1 (Lip-1) successfully rescued GA-induced MDA accumulation. In terms of mechanism, Nrf2 was found to play a pivotal role in GA-induced ferroptosis by inducing protein alterations through the iron metabolism pathway and GSH/Trx dual antioxidant pathway. Furthermore, GA exerted good antitumor activity in vivo through GSH/Trx dual antioxidant pathway, and Fer-1 significantly attenuated its efficacy. In conclusion, our findings first provided new evidence for GA as an inducer of ferroptosis, and Nrf2-mediated GSH/Trx dual antioxidant system played an important role in GA-induced ferroptosis.

4.
Front Public Health ; 12: 1333077, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38584928

RESUMO

Background: Most existing studies have only investigated the direct effects of the built environment on respiratory diseases. However, there is mounting evidence that the built environment of cities has an indirect influence on public health via influencing air pollution. Exploring the "urban built environment-air pollution-respiratory diseases" cascade mechanism is important for creating a healthy respiratory environment, which is the aim of this study. Methods: The study gathered clinical data from 2015 to 2017 on patients with respiratory diseases from Tongji Hospital in Wuhan. Additionally, daily air pollution levels (sulfur dioxide (SO2), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), particulate matter (PM2.5, PM10), and ozone (O3)), meteorological data (average temperature and relative humidity), and data on urban built environment were gathered. We used Spearman correlation to investigate the connection between air pollution and meteorological variables; distributed lag non-linear model (DLNM) was used to investigate the short-term relationships between respiratory diseases, air pollutants, and meteorological factors; the impacts of spatial heterogeneity in the built environment on air pollution were examined using the multiscale geographically weighted regression model (MGWR). Results: During the study period, the mean level of respiratory diseases (average age 54) was 15.97 persons per day, of which 9.519 for males (average age 57) and 6.451 for females (average age 48); the 24 h mean levels of PM10, PM2.5, NO2, SO2 and O3 were 78.056 µg/m3, 71.962 µg/m3, 54.468 µg/m3, 12.898 µg/m3, and 46.904 µg/m3, respectively; highest association was investigated between PM10 and SO2 (r = 0.762, p < 0.01), followed by NO2 and PM2.5 (r = 0.73, p < 0.01), and PM10 and PM2.5 (r = 0.704, p < 0.01). We observed a significant lag effect of NO2 on respiratory diseases, for lag 0 day and lag 1 day, a 10 µg/m3 increase in NO2 concentration corresponded to 1.009% (95% CI: 1.001, 1.017%) and 1.005% (95% CI: 1.001, 1.011%) increase of respiratory diseases. The spatial distribution of NO2 was significantly influenced by high-density urban development (population density, building density, number of shopping service facilities, and construction land, the bandwidth of these four factors are 43), while green space and parks can effectively reduce air pollution (R2 = 0.649). Conclusion: Previous studies have focused on the effects of air pollution on respiratory diseases and the effects of built environment on air pollution, while this study combines these three aspects and explores the relationship between them. Furthermore, the theory of the "built environment-air pollution-respiratory diseases" cascading mechanism is practically investigated and broken down into specific experimental steps, which has not been found in previous studies. Additionally, we observed a lag effect of NO2 on respiratory diseases and spatial heterogeneity of built environment in the distribution of NO2.


Assuntos
Poluição do Ar , Doenças Respiratórias , Masculino , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cidades , Dióxido de Nitrogênio/análise , Poluição do Ar/efeitos adversos , Poluição do Ar/análise , Doenças Respiratórias/epidemiologia , Doenças Respiratórias/etiologia , Material Particulado/análise
5.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 19: 3405-3421, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38617795

RESUMO

Background: Natural nanoparticles have been found to exist in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) decoctions. However, whether natural nanoparticles can influence the oral bioavailability of active compounds has not been elucidated. Using Xie-Bai-San decoction (XBSD) as an example, the purpose of this study was to isolate, characterize and elucidate the mechanism of the nanoparticles (N-XBSD) in XBSD, and further to explore whether the bioavailability of the main active compounds could be enhanced by N-XBSD. Methods: N-XBSD were isolated from XBSD, and investigated its characterization and study of its formation mechanism, and evaluation of its ability to enhance bioavailability of active compounds. Results: The N-XBSD was successfully isolated with the average particle size of 104.53 nm, PDI of 0.27 and zeta potential of -5.14 mV. Meanwhile, all the eight active compounds were most presented in N-XBSD. Kukoamine B could self-assemble with mulberroside A or liquiritin to form nanoparticles, respectively. And the FT-IR and HRMS results indicated the possible binding of the ammonium group of kukoamine B with the phenolic hydroxyl group of mulberroside A or liquiritin, respectively. The established UPLC-MS/MS method was accurate and reliable and met the quantitative requirements. The pharmacokinetic behaviors of the N-XBSD and decoction were similar in rats. Most notably, compared to that of free drugs, the Cmax, AUC0-∞, AUC0-t, T1/2 and MRT0-∞ values of index compounds were the higher in N-XBSD, with a slower plasma clearance rate in rats. Conclusion: The major active compounds of XBSD were mainly distributed in N-XBSD, and N-XBSD was formed through self-assembly among active compounds. N-XBSD could obviously promote the bioavailability of active compounds, indicating natural nanoparticles of decoctions play an important role in therapeutic effects.


Assuntos
Ácidos Cafeicos , Dissacarídeos , Nanopartículas , Espermina/análogos & derivados , Estilbenos , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Animais , Ratos , Disponibilidade Biológica , Cromatografia Líquida , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier
6.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38563183

RESUMO

The intracranial segment of the internal carotid artery located inside the skeleton structure of skull base or inside the skull has clear anatomical landmarks and fixed anatomical structure. However, the parapharyngeal segment of the internal carotid artery located outside the cranial is surrounded by soft tissues, lacks clear and recognizable anatomical landmarks and sometimes has anatomical variation, which is closely related to transnasal endoscopic surgery. Intraoperative accidental injury can lead to serious complications or even death. Currently, clinical anatomical studies related to the parapharyngeal segment of the internal carotid artery under transnasal endoscopic surgery mainly focus on its anatomical variation and anatomical landmarks. This article reviews on these two aspects in order to provide anatomical reference for surgeons to reduce surgical risks during transnasal endoscopic surgery.


Assuntos
Artéria Carótida Interna , Base do Crânio , Humanos , Artéria Carótida Interna/cirurgia , Base do Crânio/cirurgia , Endoscopia , Cadáver
7.
Transl Pediatr ; 13(2): 271-287, 2024 Feb 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38455756

RESUMO

Background: Kawasaki disease (KD) often complicates coronary artery lesions (CALs). Despite the established significance of STAT3 signaling during the acute phase of KD and signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) signaling being closely related to CALs, it remains unknown whether and how STAT3 was regulated by ubiquitination during KD pathogenesis. Methods: Bioinformatics and immunoprecipitation assays were conducted, and an E3 ligase, murine double minute 2 (MDM2) was identified as the ubiquitin ligase of STAT3. The blood samples from KD patients before and after intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) treatment were utilized to analyze the expression level of MDM2. Human coronary artery endothelial cells (HCAECs) and a mouse model were used to study the mechanisms of MDM2-STAT3 signaling during KD pathogenesis. Results: The MDM2 expression level decreased while the STAT3 level and vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA) level increased in KD patients with CALs and the KD mouse model. Mechanistically, MDM2 colocalized with STAT3 in HCAECs and the coronary vessels of the KD mouse model. Knocking down MDM2 caused an increased level of STAT3 protein in HCAECs, whereas MDM2 overexpression upregulated the ubiquitination level of STAT3 protein, hence leading to significantly decreased turnover of STAT3 and VEGFA. Conclusions: MDM2 functions as a negative regulator of STAT3 signaling by promoting its ubiquitination during KD pathogenesis, thus providing a potential intervention target for KD therapy.

8.
Foods ; 13(5)2024 Feb 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38472784

RESUMO

Research accumulated over the past decades has shown that mycoprotein could serve as a healthy and safe alternative protein source, offering a viable substitute for animal- and plant-derived proteins. This study evaluated the impact of substituting whey protein with fungal-derived mycoprotein at different levels (10%, 20%, and 30%) on the quality of high-protein nutrition bars (HPNBs). It focused on nutritional content, textural changes over storage, and sensory properties. Initially, all bars displayed similar hardness, but storage time significantly affected textural properties. In the early storage period (0-5 days), hardness increased at a modest rate of 0.206 N/day to 0.403 N/day. This rate dramatically escalated from 1.13 N/day to 1.36 N/day after 5 days, indicating a substantial textural deterioration over time. Bars with lower mycoprotein levels (10%) exhibited slower hardening rates compared with those with higher substitution levels (20% and 30%), pointing to a correlation between mycoprotein content and increased bar hardness during storage. Protein digestibility was assessed through in vitro gastric and intestinal phases. Bars with no or low-to-medium levels of mycoprotein substitution (PB00, PB10, and PB20) showed significantly higher digestibility (40.3~43.8%) compared with those with the highest mycoprotein content (PB30, 32.9%). However, digestibility rates for all mycoprotein-enriched bars were lower than those observed for whey-protein-only bars (PB00, 84.5%), especially by the end of the intestinal digestion phase. The introduction of mycoprotein enriched the bars' dietary fiber content and improved their odor, attributing a fresh mushroom-like smell. These findings suggest that modest levels of mycoprotein can enhance nutritional value and maintain sensory quality, although higher substitution levels adversely affect texture and protein digestibility. This study underscores the potential of mycoprotein as a functional ingredient in HPNBs, balancing nutritional enhancement with sensory acceptability, while also highlighting the challenges of textural deterioration and reduced protein digestibility at higher substitution levels.

9.
J Cancer Res Clin Oncol ; 150(3): 116, 2024 Mar 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38459390

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gynecologic and breast tumors (Pan-Gyn) exhibit similar characteristics, and the role of CXCL13 in anti-tumor immunity and it's potential as a biomarker for immune checkpoint blockade (ICB) therapy have been gradually revealed. However, the precise role of CXCL13 in Pan-Gyn remains unclear, lacking a systematic analysis. METHODS: We analyzed 2497 Pan-Gyn samples from the TCGA database, categorizing them into high and low CXCL13 expression groups. Validation was conducted using tumor expression datasets sourced from the GEO database. Correlation between CXCL13 and tumor immune microenvironment (TIME) was evaluated using multiple algorithms. Finally, we established nomograms for 3-year and 5-year mortality. RESULTS: High expression of CXCL13 in Pan-Gyn correlates with a favorable clinical prognosis, increased immune cell infiltration, and reduced intra-tumor heterogeneity. Model was assessed using the C-index [BRCA: 0.763 (0.732-0.794), UCEC: 0.821 (0.793-0.849), CESC: 0.736 (0.684-0.788), and OV: 0.728 (0.707-0.749)], showing decent prediction of discrimination and calibration. CONCLUSION: Overall, this study provides comprehensive insights into the commonalities and differences of CXCL13 in Pan-Gyn, potentially opening new avenues for personalized treatment.


Assuntos
Relevância Clínica , Neoplasias , Humanos , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Algoritmos , Calibragem , Bases de Dados Factuais , Microambiente Tumoral/genética , Prognóstico , Quimiocina CXCL13/genética
10.
Planta ; 259(5): 104, 2024 Mar 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38551672

RESUMO

MAIN CONCLUSION: The post-transcriptional gene regulatory pathway and small RNA pathway play important roles in regulating the rapid and long-term response of Rhododendron moulmainense to high-temperature stress. The Rhododendron plays an important role in maintaining ecological balance. However, it is difficult to domesticate for use in urban ecosystems due to their strict optimum growth temperature condition, and its evolution and adaptation are little known. Here, we combined transcriptome and small RNAome to reveal the rapid response and long-term adaptability regulation strategies in Rhododendron moulmainense under high-temperature stress. The post-transcriptional gene regulatory pathway plays important roles in stress response, in which the protein folding pathway is rapidly induced at 4 h after heat stress, and alternative splicing plays an important role in regulating gene expression at 7 days after heat stress. The chloroplasts oxidative damage is the main factor inhibiting photosynthesis efficiency. Through WGCNA analysis, we identified gene association patterns and potential key regulatory genes responsible for maintaining the ROS steady-state under heat stress. Finally, we found that the sRNA synthesis pathway is induced under heat stress. Combined with small RNAome, we found that more miRNAs are significantly changed under long-term heat stress. Furthermore, MYBs might play a central role in target gene interaction network of differentially expressed miRNAs in R. moulmainense under heat stress. MYBs are closely related to ABA, consistently, ABA synthesis and signaling pathways are significantly inhibited, and the change in stomatal aperture is not obvious under heat stress. Taken together, we gained valuable insights into the transplantation and long-term conservation domestication of Rhododendron, and provide genetic resources for genetic modification and molecular breeding to improve heat resistance in Rhododendron.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs , Rhododendron , Transcriptoma/genética , Rhododendron/genética , Rhododendron/metabolismo , Ecossistema , Resposta ao Choque Térmico/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica
11.
Thromb Res ; 236: 130-135, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38430904

RESUMO

Multiple myeloma (MM) significantly increases the risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE) within 6 months of treatment initiation. The IMPEDE VTE score is a VTE risk prediction model which is recently incorporated into the National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) guidelines, but it lacks validation among Asians, including Chinese MM patients. We performed a retrospective chart review of 405 Chinese with newly diagnosed MM who started therapy at Beijing Jishuitan Hospital between April 2013 to October 2022. The 6-month cumulative incidence of VTE was 3.8 % (95 % CI:1.6-7.6), 8.6 % (95 % CI: 5.3-21.9) and 40.5 % (95 % CI: 24.9-55.7) in the low-, intermediate- and high-risk groups (P < 0.001), respectively. The C-statistic of the IMPEDE VTE scores for predicting VTE within 6 months of treatment initiation was 0.74 (95 % CI: 0.65-0.83). Of note, in this single-center cohort study, we propose that the anticoagulant LMWH may be more effective than the antiplatelet aspirin in potentially preventing VTE in newly diagnosed MM patients. Our findings suggest that the IMPEDE VTE score is a valid evidence-based risk stratification tool in Chinese patients with newly diagnosed MM.


Assuntos
Mieloma Múltiplo , Tromboembolia Venosa , Humanos , Mieloma Múltiplo/complicações , Mieloma Múltiplo/tratamento farmacológico , Heparina de Baixo Peso Molecular , Tromboembolia Venosa/tratamento farmacológico , Tromboembolia Venosa/etiologia , Tromboembolia Venosa/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estudos de Coortes , Anticoagulantes , China/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco
12.
J Agric Food Chem ; 72(13): 6900-6912, 2024 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38513076

RESUMO

As a notorious phytopathogenic virus, the tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) severely reduced the quality of crops worldwide and caused critical constraints on agricultural production. The development of novel virucides is a persuasive strategy to address this predicament. Herein, a series of novel bisamide-decorated benzotriazole derivatives were elaborately prepared and screened. Biological tests implied that the optimized compound 7d possessed the most brilliant antiviral inactive profile (EC50 = 157.6 µg/mL) and apparently surpassed that of commercial ribavirin (EC50 = 442.1 µg/mL) 2.8-fold. The preliminary antiviral mechanism was elaborately investigated via transmission electron microscopy, microscale thermophoresis (MST) determination, RT-qPCR, and Western blot analysis. The results showed that compound 7d blocked the assembly of TMV by binding with coat protein (Kd = 0.7 µM) and suppressed TMV coat protein gene expression and biosynthesis process. Computational simulations indicated that 7d displayed strong H-bonds and pi interactions with TMV coat protein, affording a lower binding energy (ΔGbind = -17.8 kcal/mol) compared with Ribavirin (ΔGbind = -10.7 kcal/mol). Overall, current results present a valuable perception of bisamide decorated benzotriazole derivatives with appreciably virustatic competence and should be profoundly developed as virucidal candidates in agrochemical.


Assuntos
Ribavirina , Vírus do Mosaico do Tabaco , Triazóis , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Ribavirina/farmacologia , Antivirais/farmacologia , Antivirais/química , Desenho de Fármacos
13.
Adv Mater ; : e2308504, 2024 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38546279

RESUMO

Anexelekto (AXL) is an attractive molecular target for ovarian cancer therapy because of its important role in ovarian cancer initiation and progression. To date, several AXL inhibitors have entered clinical trials for the treatment of ovarian cancer. However, the disadvantages of low AXL affinity and severe off-target toxicity of these inhibitors limit their further clinical applications. Herein, by rational design of a nonapeptide derivative Nap-Phe-Phe-Glu-Ile-Arg-Leu-Arg-Phe-Lys (Nap-IR), a strategy of in situ nanofiber formation is proposed to suppress ovarian cancer growth. After administration, Nap-IR specifically targets overexpressed AXL on ovarian cancer cell membranes and undergoes a receptor-instructed nanoparticle-to-nanofiber transition. In vivo and in vitro experiments demonstrate that in situ formed Nap-IR nanofibers efficiently induce apoptosis of ovarian cancer cells by blocking AXL activation and disrupting subsequent downstream signaling events. Remarkably, Nap-IR can synergistically enhance the anticancer effect of cisplatin against HO8910 ovarian tumors. It is anticipated that the Nap-IR can be applied in clinical ovarian cancer therapy in the near future.

14.
Antioxidants (Basel) ; 13(3)2024 Mar 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38539881

RESUMO

Recent studies have established that exosomes (EXs) derived from follicular fluid (FF) can promote oocyte development. However, the specific sources of these EXs and their regulatory mechanisms remain elusive. It is universally acknowledged that oocyte development requires signal communication between granulosa cells (GCs) and oocytes. However, the role of GC-secreted EXs and their functions are poorly understood. This study aimed to investigate the role of porcine granulosa-cell-derived exosomes (GC-EXs) in oocyte development. In this study, we constructed an in vitro model of porcine GCs and collected and identified GC-EXs. We confirmed that porcine GCs can secrete EXs and investigated the role of GC-EXs in regulating oocyte development by supplementing them to cumulus-oocyte complexes (COCs) cultured in vitro. Specifically, GC-EXs increase the cumulus expansion index (CEI), promote the expansion of the cumulus, alleviate reactive oxygen species (ROS), and increase mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP), resulting in improved oocyte development. Additionally, we conducted small RNA sequencing of GC-EXs and hypothesized that miR-148a-3p, the highest-expressed microRNA (miRNA), may be the key miRNA. Our study determined that transfection of miR-148a-3p mimics exerts effects comparable to the addition of EXs. Meanwhile, bioinformatics prediction, dual luciferase reporter gene assay, and RT-qPCR identified DOCK6 as the target gene of miR-148a-3p. In summary, our results demonstrated that GC-EXs may improve oocyte antioxidant capacity and promote oocyte development through miR-148a-3p by targeting DOCK6.

15.
J Transl Med ; 22(1): 280, 2024 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38491511

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ovarian cancer (OC) is distinguished by its aggressive nature and the limited efficacy of current treatment strategies. Recent studies have emphasized the significant role of cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) in OC development and progression. METHODS: Employing sophisticated machine learning techniques on bulk transcriptomic datasets, we identified fibroblast growth factor 7 (FGF7), derived from CAFs, as a potential oncogenic factor. We investigated the relationship between FGF7 expression and various clinical parameters. A series of in vitro experiments were undertaken to evaluate the effect of CAFs-derived FGF7 on OC cell activities, such as proliferation, migration, and invasion. Single-cell transcriptomic analysis was also conducted to elucidate the interaction between FGF7 and its receptor. Detailed mechanistic investigations sought to clarify the pathways through which FGF7 fosters OC progression. RESULTS: Our findings indicate that higher FGF7 levels correlate with advanced tumor stages, increased vascular invasion, and poorer prognosis. CAFs-derived FGF7 significantly enhanced OC cell proliferation, migration, and invasion. Single-cell analysis and in vitro studies revealed that CAFs-derived FGF7 inhibits the ubiquitination and degradation of hypoxia-inducible factor 1 alpha (HIF-1α) via FGFR2 interaction. Activation of the FGF7/HIF-1α pathway resulted in the upregulation of mesenchymal markers and downregulation of epithelial markers. Importantly, in vivo treatment with neutralizing antibodies targeting CAFs-derived FGF7 substantially reduced tumor growth. CONCLUSION: Neutralizing FGF7 in the medium or inhibiting HIF-1α signaling reversed the effects of FGF7-mediated EMT, emphasizing the dependence of FGF7-mediated EMT on HIF-1α activation. These findings suggest that targeting the FGF7/HIF-1α/EMT axis may offer new therapeutic opportunities to intervene in OC progression.


Assuntos
Fibroblastos Associados a Câncer , Neoplasias Ovarianas , Humanos , Feminino , Fibroblastos Associados a Câncer/metabolismo , Fator 7 de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Fator 7 de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Transdução de Sinais , Neoplasias Ovarianas/patologia , Subunidade alfa do Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia/metabolismo , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/genética , Movimento Celular/genética
16.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 2727, 2024 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38548791

RESUMO

Piwi-interacting RNAs (piRNAs) are genomically encoded small RNAs that engage Piwi Argonaute proteins to direct mRNA surveillance and transposon silencing. Despite advances in understanding piRNA pathways and functions, how the production of piRNA is regulated remains elusive. Here, using a genetic screen, we identify casein kinase II (CK2) as a factor required for piRNA pathway function. We show that CK2 is required for the localization of PRG-1 and for the proper localization of several factors that comprise the 'upstream sequence transcription complex' (USTC), which is required for piRNA transcription. Loss of CK2 impairs piRNA levels suggesting that CK2 promotes USTC function. We identify the USTC component twenty-one-U fouled-up 4 (TOFU-4) as a direct substrate for CK2. Our findings suggest that phosphorylation of TOFU-4 by CK2 promotes the assembly of USTC and piRNA transcription. Notably, during the aging process, CK2 activity declines, resulting in the disassembly of USTC, decreased piRNA production, and defects in piRNA-mediated gene silencing, including transposons silencing. These findings highlight the significance of posttranslational modification in regulating piRNA biogenesis and its implications for the aging process. Overall, our study provides compelling evidence for the involvement of a posttranslational modification mechanism in the regulation of piRNA biogenesis.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Drosophila , Alimentos de Soja , Animais , RNA de Interação com Piwi , RNA Interferente Pequeno/metabolismo , Caseína Quinase II/genética , Caseína Quinase II/metabolismo , Fosforilação , Proteínas Argonautas/genética , Proteínas Argonautas/metabolismo , Proteínas de Drosophila/metabolismo , Drosophila melanogaster/genética
18.
Molecules ; 29(3)2024 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38338482

RESUMO

Phlorizin, as a flavonoid from a wide range of sources, is gradually becoming known for its biological activity. Phlorizin can exert antioxidant effects by regulating the IL-1ß/IKB-α/NF-KB signaling pathway. At the same time, it exerts its antibacterial activity by reducing intracellular DNA agglutination, reducing intracellular protein and energy synthesis, and destroying intracellular metabolism. In addition, phlorizin also has various pharmacological effects such as antiviral, antidiabetic, antitumor, and hepatoprotective effects. Based on domestic and foreign research reports, this article reviews the plant sources, extraction, and biological activities of phlorizin, providing a reference for improving the clinical application of phlorizin.


Assuntos
Glucosídeos , Florizina , Florizina/farmacologia , Florizina/metabolismo , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Flavonoides , Hipoglicemiantes/farmacologia
19.
Orthop J Sports Med ; 12(2): 23259671241230989, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38414664

RESUMO

Background: A limb symmetry index (LSI) of >90% for single-leg horizontal hop distance is recommended as a cutoff point for safe return to sports after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR). Despite achieving this threshold, abnormal lower limb biomechanics continue to persist in athletes after ACLR. Symmetry in single-leg vertical hop height appears to be more difficult to achieve and can be a better representation of knee function than single-leg horizontal hop distance. Purpose: To explore whether an LSI of >90% for single-leg vertical hop height can represent normal lower limb biomechanics in athletes during a bilateral vertical jump after ACLR. Study Design: Controlled laboratory study. Methods: According to the LSI for single-leg vertical hop height, 46 athletes who had undergone ACLR with an autologous ipsilateral bone-patellar tendon-bone or hamstring tendon graft were divided into a low symmetry group (LSI <90%; n = 23) and a high symmetry group (LSI >90%; n = 23), and 24 noninjured athletes were selected as the control group. The kinematic and kinetic characteristics during a bilateral vertical jump were compared between the low symmetry, high symmetry, and control groups. Results: During the propulsion phase of the bilateral vertical jump, the operated side in the high symmetry group showed a lower knee extension moment than the nonoperated side (P = .001). At peak vertical ground-reaction force, the operated side in the high symmetry group showed a lower knee internal rotation moment compared with the control group (P = .016). Compared with the nonoperated side, the operated side in the high symmetry group showed a higher hip extension moment (P = .002), lower knee extension moment (P < .001), lower ankle plantarflexion moment (P < .001), and lower vertical ground-reaction force (P = .023). Conclusion: Despite achieving an LSI of >90% for single-leg vertical hop height, athletes after ACLR showed abnormal lower limb biomechanical characteristics during the bilateral vertical jump. Clinical Relevance: Symmetrical single-leg vertical hop height may not signify ideal biomechanical or return-to-sports readiness in this population.

20.
Immunology ; 172(1): 127-143, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38332630

RESUMO

Myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) increase in number and gain immunosuppressive functions in tumours and many other pathological conditions. MDSCs are characterized by their strong T-cell immunosuppressive capacity. The effects that MDSCs may have on B cells, especially within the tumour microenvironment, are less well understood. Here, we report that either monocytic MDSCs or polymorphonuclear MDSCs can promote increases in interleukin (IL)-10-expressing CD19hiFcγRIIbhi regulatory B cells in vitro and in vivo. Splenic transitional-1, -2, and -3 cells and marginal zone B cells, but not follicular B cells, differentiate into IL-10-expressing CD19hiFcγRIIbhi regulatory B cells. The adoptive transfer of CD19hiFcγRIIbhi regulatory B cells via tail vein injection can promote subcutaneous 3LL tumour growth in mice. The expression of programmed death-ligand 1 on MDSCs was found to be strongly associated with CD19hiFcγRIIbhi regulatory B cell population expansion. Furthermore, the frequency of circulating CD19+FcγRIIhi regulatory B cells was significantly increased in advanced-stage lung cancer patients. Our results unveil a critical role of MDSCs in regulatory B-cell differentiation and population expansion in lung cancer patients.


Assuntos
Linfócitos B Reguladores , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Células Supressoras Mieloides , Camundongos , Humanos , Animais , Linfócitos B Reguladores/metabolismo , Células Supressoras Mieloides/metabolismo , Antígeno B7-H1/metabolismo , Diferenciação Celular , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Microambiente Tumoral
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