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1.
Small ; : e2403079, 2024 Jun 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38829022

RESUMO

Phosphate-based electrolyte propels the advanced battery system with high safety. Unfortunately, restricted by poor electrochemical stability, it is difficult to be compatible with advanced lithium metal anodes and Ni-rich cathodes. To alleviate these issues, the study has developed a phosphate-based localized high-concentration electrolyte with a nitrate-driven solvation structure, and the nitrate-derived N-rich inorganic interface shows excellent performance in stabilizing the LiNi0.8Co0.1Mn0.1O2 (NCM811) cathode interface and modulating the lithium deposition morphology on the anode. The results show that the Li|| NCM811 cell has exceptional long-cycle stability of >80% capacity retention after 800 cycles at 4.3 V, 1 C. A more prominent capacity retention rate of 93.3% after 200 cycles can be reached with the high voltage of 4.5 V. While being compatible with the phosphate-based electrolyte with good flame retardancy and the good electrochemical stability of Ni-rich lithium metal battery (LMBs) systems, the present work expands the construction of anion-rich solvation structures, which is expected to promote the development of the high-performance LMBs with safety.

2.
Nanoscale ; 2024 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38847559

RESUMO

Multicolor fluorescent carbon dots (CDs) have received extensive attention due to their excellent fluorescence tunable performance. In this study, multicolor CDs with color tunable and high fluorescence quantum yields (QYs) were successfully prepared under the same conditions by a one-step solvothermal method using 2-aminoterephthalic acid (ATA) and Nile Blue A (NBA) as reaction reagents, achieving a wide color field coverage. Detailed studies on the relevant mechanisms have been carried out for blue, green and red CDs, indicating that the regulating mechanism of multicolor luminescence is determined by the size of the sp2 conjugated domains, which is due to the increase of particle size that causes an increase in the size of the sp2 conjugated domains, resulting in the narrowing of the band gap and the red-shift of the emission wavelength. It was found that the CDs have the advantages of simple preparation, high photostability and high quantum yield. They were used as fluorescent ink and mixed with polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) to form CD/PVA composites, which were successfully applied in the field of information encryption and anti-counterfeiting. This work provides a new strategy for the synthesis of panchromatic tunable fluorescent CDs and their application in the field of information encryption and anti-counterfeiting.

3.
Heliyon ; 10(10): e31621, 2024 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38831842

RESUMO

Activated hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) have been widely recognized as a primary source of pathological myofibroblasts, leading to the accumulation of extracellular matrix and liver fibrosis. CD47, a transmembrane glycoprotein expressed on the surface of various cell types, has been implicated in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. However, the precise role of CD47 in HSC activation and the underlying regulatory mechanisms governing CD47 expression remain poorly understood. In this study, we employed single-cell RNA sequencing analysis to investigate CD47 expression in HSCs from mice subjected to a high-fat diet. CD47 silencing in HSCs markedly inhibited the expression of fibrotic genes and promoted apoptosis. Mechanistically, we found that Yes-associated protein (YAP) collaborates with TEAD4 to augment the transcriptional activation of CD47 by binding to its promoter region. Notably, disruption of the interaction between YAP and TEAD4 caused a substantial decrease in CD47 expression in HSCs and reduced the development of high-fat diet-induced liver fibrosis. Our findings highlight CD47 as a critical transcriptional target of YAP in promoting HSC activation in response to a high-fat diet. Targeting the YAP/TEAD4/CD47 signaling axis may hold promise as a therapeutic strategy for liver fibrosis.

4.
Int J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis ; 19: 1233-1245, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38854590

RESUMO

Purpose: Smoking is a major risk factor for the group 3 PH. NT-proBNP is a biomarker for risk stratification in PH. This study aims to investigate the effects of smoking status and smoking index (SI) on group 3 PH and to evaluate the value of SI and SI combined with NT-proBNP in early diagnosis and prediction of disease severity. Patients and Methods: Four hundred patients with group 3 PH at the First Hospital of Shanxi Medical University between January 2020 and December 2021 were enrolled and divided into two groups: mild (30 mmHg ≤ pulmonary artery systolic pressure (PASP)≤50 mmHg) and non-mild (PASP >50 mmHg). The effect of smoking on group 3 PH was analyzed using univariate analysis, and logistic analysis was conducted to evaluate the risk of group 3 PH according to smoking status and SI. Spearman correlation coefficient was used to test the correlation between SI and the index of group 3 PH severity. The predictive value of SI was evaluated using a receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. Results: Correlation and logistic analyses showed that SI was associated with PH severity. Smoking status (P=0.009) and SI (P=0.039) were independent risk factors for non-mild group 3 PH, and ROC showed that the predictive value of SI (AUC:0.596) for non-mild PH was better than that of the recognized pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) (AUC:0.586). SI can be used as a single predictive marker. SI and NT-proBNP can be formulated as prediction models for screening non-mild clinical cases (AUC:0.628). Conclusion: SI is a potentially ideal non-invasive predictive marker for group 3 PH. SI and NT-proBNP could be used to develop a prediction model for screening non-mild PH cases. This can greatly improve the predictive specificity of the established PH marker, NT-proBNP.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores , Hipertensão Pulmonar , Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico , Fragmentos de Peptídeos , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fumar , Humanos , Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico/sangue , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/sangue , Feminino , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Biomarcadores/sangue , Fumar/efeitos adversos , Fumar/sangue , Fumar/epidemiologia , Hipertensão Pulmonar/sangue , Hipertensão Pulmonar/diagnóstico , Hipertensão Pulmonar/fisiopatologia , Hipertensão Pulmonar/etiologia , Idoso , Fatores de Risco , Medição de Risco , Prognóstico , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/sangue , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/diagnóstico , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/fisiopatologia , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/complicações , China/epidemiologia , Adulto , Pressão Arterial
5.
Opt Express ; 32(11): 19352-19360, 2024 May 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38859071

RESUMO

This work presents a theoretical design and experimental demonstration of a novel miniaturized leaky-wave antenna (LWA) using composite waveguide based on substrate-integrated plasmonic waveguide (SIPW). The SIPW is designed by embedding hybrid dual spoof surface plasmon polariton (SSPP) structure into a three-layer substrate integrated waveguide (SIW). Due to the slow-wave effect of SIPW, the proposed miniaturized composite waveguide forms slowed phase velocity and decreased lower cutoff frequency. To excite backward-to-forward beam scanning mode and suppress the open stop-band, an asymmetric sinusoidal modulated structure is introduced to the surface of the composite waveguide. The experimental results indicate that the proposed SIPW-based LWA can achieve continuous beam scanning from the backward to the forward direction within the bandwidth of 10.6-13.7 GHz, passing through the broadside at 11.6 GHz.

6.
Adv Biol (Weinh) ; : e2300610, 2024 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38773915

RESUMO

Lung squamous cell carcinoma (LUSC) is the second most common type of non-small cell lung cancer. Toosendanin can target critical cancer cell survival and proliferation. However, the function of toosendanin in LUSC is limited. Cancer cell proliferative capacity is detected using cell morphology, colony formation, and flow cytometry. The invasiveness of the cells is detected by a Transwell assay, western blotting, and RT-qPCR. Nude mice are injected with H226 (1×106) and received an intraperitoneal injection of toosendanin every 2 days for 21 days. RNA sequence transcriptome analysis is performed on toosendanin-treated cells to identify target genes and signaling pathways. With increasing concentrations of toosendanin, the rate of cell proliferation decreases and apoptotic cells increases. The number of migrated cells significantly reduces and epithelial-mesenchymal transition is reversed. Injection of toosendanin in nude mice leads to a reduction in tumor volume, weight, and the number of metastatic tumors. Furthermore, KEGG shows that genes related to the AMPK pathway are highly enriched. BNIP3 is the most differentially expressed gene, and its expression along with phosphorylated-AMPK significantly increases in toosendanin-treated cells. Toosendanin exerts anticancer effects, induces apoptosis in LUSC cells, and inhibits tumor progression via the BNIP3/AMPK signaling pathway.

7.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 49(9): 2364-2375, 2024 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38812137

RESUMO

To explore the active substances exerting anti-tumour effect in lemon essential oil and the molecular mechanism inhibiting the proliferation of head and neck cancer cells SCC15 and CAL33, 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay(MTT) was utilized to identify the active component inhibiting the proliferation of head and neck cancer cells, namely citral. The IC_(50) of citral inhibiting the proliferation of head and neck cancer cells and normal cells were also determined. In addition, a 5-ethynyl-2'-deoxyuridine(EdU) staining assay was used to detect the effect of citral on the proliferation rate of head and neck cancer cells, and a colony formation assay was used to detect the effect of citral on tumor sphere formation of head and neck cancer cells in vitro. The cell cycle arrest and apoptosis induction of head and neck cancer cells by citral were evaluated by flow cytometry, and Western blot was used to detect the effect of citral on the expression levels of cell cycle-and apoptosis-related proteins in head and neck cancer cells. The findings indicated that citral could effectively inhibit the proliferation and growth of head and neck cancer cells, with anti-tumor activity, and its half inhibitory concentrations for CAL33 and SCC15 were 54.78 and 25.23 µg·mL~(-1), respectively. Furthermore, citral arrested cell cycle at G_2/M phase by down-regulating cell cycle-related proteins such as S-phase kinase associated protein 2(SKP2), C-MYC, cyclin dependent kinase 1(CDK1), and cyclin B. Moreover, citral increased the cysteinyl aspartate-specific proteinase-3(caspase-3), cysteinyl aspartate-specific proteinase-9(caspase-9), and cleaved poly ADP-ribose polymerase(PARP). It up-regulated the level of autophagy-related proteins including microtubule associated protein 1 light chain 3B(LC3B), sequestosome 1(P62/SQSTM1), autophagy effector protein Beclin1(Beclin1), and lysosome-associate membrane protein 1(LAMP1), suggesting that citral could effectively trigger cell apoptosis and cell autophagy in head and neck cancer cells. Furthermore, the dual-tagged plasmid system mCherry-GFP-LC3 was used, and it was found that citral impeded the fusion of autophagosomes and lysosomes, leading to autophagic flux blockage. Collectively, our findings reveal that the main active anti-proliferation component of lemon essential oil is citral, and this component has a significant inhibitory effect on head and neck cancer cells. Its underlying molecular mechanism is that citral induces apoptosis and autophagy by cell cycle arrest and ultimately inhibits cell proliferation.


Assuntos
Monoterpenos Acíclicos , Apoptose , Proliferação de Células , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , Monoterpenos , Óleos Voláteis , Humanos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Monoterpenos Acíclicos/farmacologia , Monoterpenos Acíclicos/química , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/metabolismo , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/genética , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Óleos Voláteis/farmacologia , Óleos Voláteis/química , Monoterpenos/farmacologia , Monoterpenos/química , Pontos de Checagem do Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Citrus/química , Óleos de Plantas/farmacologia , Óleos de Plantas/química
8.
Small ; : e2402123, 2024 May 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38804876

RESUMO

The localized high-concentration electrolyte (LHCE) propels the advanced high-voltage battery system. Sulfone-based LHCE is a transformative direction compatible with high energy density and high safety. In this work, the application of lithium bis(trifluoromethanesulphonyl)imide and lithium bis(fluorosulfonyl)imide (LiFSI) in the LHCE system constructed from sulfolane and 1,1,2,2-tetrafluoroethyl-2,2,3,3-tetrafluoropropyl ether (TTE) is investigated. The addition of diluent causes an increase of contact ion pairs and ionic aggregates in the solvation cluster and an acceptable quantity of free solvent molecules. A small amount of LiFSI as an additive can synergistically decompose with TTE on the cathode and participate in the construction of both electrode interfaces. The designed electrolyte helps the Ni-rich system to cycle firmly at a high voltage of 4.5 V. Even with high mass load and lean electrolyte, it can keep a reversible specific capacity of 91.5% after 50 cycles. The constructed sulfone-based electrolyte system exhibits excellent thermal stability far beyond the commercial electrolytes. Further exploration of in-situ gelation has led to a quick conversion of the designed liquid electrolyte to the gel state, accompanied by preserved stability, which provides a direction for the synergistic development of LHCE with gel electrolytes.

9.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 11213, 2024 05 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38755185

RESUMO

The preoperative distinguishment of lymph nodes (LN) with metastasis plays a pivotal role in guiding the surgical extension for gastric cancer (GC). We aim to identify the preparative risk factors for LN metastasis in GC patients. We retrospectively reviewed 424 patients who underwent radical GC resection in our medical center between Jan 2011 and Dec 2018. Multivariate logistic regression was employed to identify risk factors for LN metastasis, while multivariate COX regression was utilized to evaluate prognostic factors. The median overall survival of patients with or without LN metastases was 31 and 58 months, respectively. In multivariate analysis, lower albumin (OR = 0.512; P = 0.004) and prealbumin (OR = 0.367, P = 0.001) and higher CEA (OR = 3.178, P < 0.001), CA199 (OR = 2.278, P = 0.002) and platelets (OR = 1.697, P = 0.017) were found to be significantly associated with LN metastasis. In survival analysis, older age (HR = 1.712), larger tumors (HR = 1.082), higher D-dimer (HR = 1.561) and CA199 (HR = 1.553), advanced staging (stage II, HR = 3.446; stage III-IV, HR = 11.089), lower prealbumin levels (lower level for reference, HR = 0.63), and absence of adjuvant chemotherapy (HR = 0.396) was discovered to be associated with poorer overall survival (all P < 0.05). In conclusion, our results demonstrated that preoperative prealbumin-bound tumor markers can effectively predict LN metastasis. Additionally, prealbumin was found to possess prognostic value as well.


Assuntos
Metástase Linfática , Neoplasias Gástricas , Humanos , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Idoso , Estudos Retrospectivos , Linfonodos/patologia , Fatores de Risco , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Adulto , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Período Pré-Operatório , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
10.
Environ Sci Technol ; 58(20): 8955-8965, 2024 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38718175

RESUMO

The development of Fe-based catalysts for the selective catalytic reduction of NOx by NH3 (NH3-SCR of NOx) has garnered significant attention due to their exceptional SO2 resistance. However, the influence of different sulfur-containing species (e.g., ferric sulfates and ammonium sulfates) on the NH3-SCR activity of Fe-based catalysts as well as its dependence on exposed crystal facets of Fe2O3 has not been revealed. This work disclosed that nanorod-like α-Fe2O3 (Fe2O3-NR) predominantly exposing (110) facet performed better than nanosheet-like α-Fe2O3 (Fe2O3-NS) predominantly exposing (001) facet in NH3-SCR reaction, due to the advantages of Fe2O3-NR in redox properties and surface acidity. Furthermore, the results of the SO2/H2O resistance test at a critical temperature of 250 °C, catalytic performance evaluations on Fe2O3-NR and Fe2O3-NS sulfated by SO2 + O2 or deposited with NH4HSO4 (ABS), and systematic characterization revealed that the reactivity of ammonium sulfates on Fe2O3 catalysts to NO(+O2) contributed to their improved catalytic performance, while ferric sulfates showed enhancing and inhibiting effects on NH3-SCR activity on Fe2O3-NR and Fe2O3-NS, respectively; despite this, Fe2O3-NR showed higher affinity for SO2 + O2. This work set a milestone in understanding the NH3-SCR reaction on Fe2O3 catalysts in the presence of SO2 from the aspect of crystal facet engineering.


Assuntos
Amônia , Catálise , Amônia/química , Dióxido de Enxofre/química , Compostos Férricos/química , Oxirredução
11.
Org Biomol Chem ; 22(20): 4036-4040, 2024 May 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38698770

RESUMO

An unprecedented Ir(III)-catalyzed C-H activation/amination/annulation of 2-phenyloxazoles with anthranils for the highly selective preparation of acridone derivatives in one-pot under controlled conditions is reported. This protocol is characterized by atom economy and high regioselectivity. A wide range of anthranils with 2-phenyloxazoles were well tolerated and afforded the desired products in moderate to good yields, in which the anthranil serves as a convenient amination reagent.

12.
Org Lett ; 26(22): 4616-4620, 2024 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38805677

RESUMO

A series of structurally chiral cyclic imines efficiently yields chiral nitrones and nitroalkanes. This is the first report of the synthesis of nitro groups by C═N bond cleavage of imines through a nitrone intermediate.

14.
Clin Transl Med ; 14(5): e1687, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38738791

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: It has been observed that the prognosis of patients with HER2-positive metastatic breast cancer has improved significantly with HER2-targeted agents. However, there is still a lack of evidence regarding first-line anti-HER2 treatment options for patients who have received adjuvant and/or neoadjuvant trastuzumab for HER2-positive metastatic breast cancer. Besides, there are no reliable markers that can predict the efficacy of anti-HER2 treatment in these patients. METHODS: Patients who have received adjuvant and/or neoadjuvant trastuzumab for HER2-positive metastatic breast cancer were enrolled. Pyrotinib plus albumin-bound paclitaxel were used as first-line treatment. The primary endpoint was the objective response rate (ORR). The safety profile was also assessed. In order to explore predictive biomarkers using Olink technology, blood samples were collected dynamically. RESULTS: From December 2019 to August 2023, the first stage of the study involved 27 eligible patients. It has not yet reached the median PFS despite the median follow-up being 17.8 months. Efficacy evaluation showed that the ORR was 92.6%, and the DCR was 100%. Adverse events of grade 3 or higher included diarrhoea (29.6%), leukopenia (11.1%), neutropenia (25.9%), oral mucositis (3.7%), and hand-foot syndrome (3.7%). Toll-like receptor 3 (TLR3) and Proto-oncogene tyrosine-protein kinase receptor (RET) were proteins with significant relevance to PFS in these patients. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates that pyrotinib plus albumin-bound paclitaxel as a first-line treatment regimen shows good efficacy and manageable safety for patients who have received adjuvant and/or neoadjuvant trastuzumab for HER2-positive metastatic breast cancer. Besides, a significant association was identified between the expression levels of TLR3 and RET and the PFS in patients.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Receptor ErbB-2 , Trastuzumab , Humanos , Feminino , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto , Trastuzumab/uso terapêutico , Trastuzumab/farmacologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Idoso , Receptor ErbB-2/metabolismo , Paclitaxel Ligado a Albumina/uso terapêutico , Paclitaxel Ligado a Albumina/farmacologia , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/farmacologia , Acrilamidas/uso terapêutico , Terapia Neoadjuvante/métodos , Proto-Oncogene Mas , Ácidos Sulfínicos/uso terapêutico , Ácidos Sulfínicos/farmacologia , Aminoquinolinas/uso terapêutico , Aminoquinolinas/farmacologia , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Cancer Lett ; 593: 216956, 2024 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38735381

RESUMO

Anti-CDK4/6 therapy has been employed for the treatment for head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) with CDK4/6 hyperactivation, but the response rate is relatively low. In this study, we first showed that CDK4 and CDK6 was over-expressed and conferred poor prognosis in HNSCC. Moreover, in RB-positive HNSCC, STAT3 signaling was activated induced by CDK4/6 inhibition and STAT3 promotes RB deficiency by upregulation of MYC. Thirdly, the combination of Stattic and CDK4/6 inhibitor results in striking anti-tumor effect in vitro and in Cal27 derived animal models. Additionally, phospho-STAT3 level negatively correlates with RB expression and predicts poor prognosis in patients with HNSCC. Taken together, our findings suggest an unrecognized function of STAT3 confers to CDK4/6 inhibitors resistance and presenting a promising combination strategy for patients with HNSCC.


Assuntos
Quinase 4 Dependente de Ciclina , Quinase 6 Dependente de Ciclina , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases , Fator de Transcrição STAT3 , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto , Humanos , Quinase 4 Dependente de Ciclina/antagonistas & inibidores , Quinase 6 Dependente de Ciclina/antagonistas & inibidores , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/metabolismo , Animais , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/patologia , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/metabolismo , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/metabolismo , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/metabolismo , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/genética , Feminino , Masculino , Camundongos Nus , Camundongos , Proteína do Retinoblastoma/metabolismo , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sinergismo Farmacológico , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/farmacologia , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/efeitos dos fármacos , Fosforilação
16.
Cureus ; 16(4): e58910, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38800207

RESUMO

This case reports a 35-year-old man who presented with a painful erythematous nodule on his right posterior calf. He first noticed this nodule several years ago and it often bled upon contact with clothing. An excisional biopsy of the skin lesion revealed two distinct populations of cells. One population of epithelioid cells stained positive for Mart-1, HMB45, and SOX-10, confirming the diagnosis of malignant melanoma. The second population of cells stained positive for desmin and calponin, confirming the diagnosis of sarcoma with muscular differentiation. Subsequently, these unusual findings led to the diagnosis of a collision tumor comprising malignant melanoma and rhabdomyosarcoma. Follow-up PET/CT and brain MRI revealed no metastasis from the primary skin lesion. This case highlights a rare combination of cell types found within a collision tumor in addition to providing details on how to diagnose this skin lesion.

17.
J Psychiatr Res ; 174: 84-93, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38626565

RESUMO

Schizophrenia (SCZ) represents a set of enduring mental illnesses whose underlying etiology remains elusive, posing a significant challenge to public health. Previous studies have shown that the neurodevelopmental process involving small molecules such as miRNA and mRNA is one of the etiological hypotheses of SCZ. We identified and verified that miR-30e-3p and ABI1 can be used as biomarkers in peripheral blood transcriptome sequencing data of patients with SCZ, and confirmed the regulatory relationship between them. To further explore their involvement, we employed retinoic acid (RA)-treated SH-SY5Y differentiated cells as a model system. Our findings indicate that in RA-induced SH-SY5Y cells, ABI1 expression is up-regulated, while miR-30e-3p expression is down-regulated. Functionally, both miR-30e-3p down-regulation and ABI1 up-regulation promote apoptosis and inhibit the proliferation of SH-SY5Y cells. Subsequently, the immunofluorescence assay detected the expression location and abundance of the neuron-specific protein ß-tubulinIII. The expression levels of neuronal marker genes MAPT, TUBB3 and SYP were detected by RT-qPCR. We observed that these changes of miR-30e-3p and ABI1 inhibit the neurite growth of SH-SY5Y cells. Rescue experiments further support that ABI1 silencing can correct miR-30e-3p down-regulation-induced SH-SY5Y neurodevelopmental defects. Collectively, our results establish that miR-30e-3p's regulation of neurite development in SH-SY5Y cells is mediated through ABI1, highlighting a potential mechanism in SCZ pathogenesis.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores , MicroRNAs , Esquizofrenia , Humanos , MicroRNAs/sangue , MicroRNAs/genética , Esquizofrenia/sangue , Esquizofrenia/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Biomarcadores/sangue , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Neuritos/efeitos dos fármacos , Tretinoína/farmacologia , Tubulina (Proteína)/metabolismo , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Apoptose/fisiologia , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/metabolismo , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/genética , Proteínas do Citoesqueleto/metabolismo , Proteínas do Citoesqueleto/genética , Neuroblastoma
18.
Transpl Immunol ; 84: 102044, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38663757

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Glutamine is crucial for the activation and efficacy of T cells, and may play a role in regulating the immune environment. This study aimed to investigate the potential role of glutamine in the activation and proliferation of induced regulatory T cells (iTregs). METHODS: CD4+CD45RA+T cells were sorted from peripheral blood mononuclear cells and cultured to analyze iTreg differentiation. Glutamine was then added to the culture system to evaluate the effects of glutamine on iTregs by determining oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS), apoptosis, and cytokine secretion. Additionally, a humanized murine graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) model was constructed to confirm the efficacy of glutamine-treated iTregs in vivo. RESULTS: After being cultured in vitro, glutamine significantly enhanced the levels of Foxp3, CTLA-4, CD39, CD69, IL-10, TGF-ß, and Ki67 (CTLA-4, IL-10, TGF-ß are immunosuppressive markers of iTregs) compared with that of the control iTregs (P < 0.05). Furthermore, the growth curve showed that the proliferative ability of glutamine-treated iTregs was better than that of the control iTregs (P < 0.01). Compared with the control iTregs, glutamine supplementation significantly increased oxygen consumption rates and ATP production (P < 0.05), significantly downregulated Annexin V and Caspase 3, and upregulated BCL2 (P < 0.05). However, GPNA significantly reversed the effects of glutamine (P < 0.05). Finally, a xeno-GVHD mouse model was successfully established to confirm that glutamine-treated iTregs increased the mice survival rate, delayed weight loss, and alleviated colon injury. CONCLUSION: Glutamine supplementation can improve the activity and immunosuppressive action of iTregs, and the possible mechanisms by which this occurs are related to cell proliferation, apoptosis, and OXPHOS.


Assuntos
Glutamina , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro , Linfócitos T Reguladores , Glutamina/farmacologia , Linfócitos T Reguladores/imunologia , Linfócitos T Reguladores/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Camundongos , Humanos , Células Cultivadas , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/imunologia , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Ativação Linfocitária/efeitos dos fármacos , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Diferenciação Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Terapia de Imunossupressão , Citocinas/metabolismo
19.
Cancer Immunol Res ; 2024 Apr 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38630891

RESUMO

Follicular helper T (TFH) cells are essential for inducing germinal center (GC) reactions to mediate humoral adaptive immunity in tumors, but the mechanisms underlying TFH cell differentiation remain unclear. Here, we found that the metabolism sensor sirtuin 3 (SIRT3) is critical for TFH cell differentiation and GC formation during tumor and viral infection. SIRT3 deficiency in CD4+ T cells intrinsically enhanced TFH cell differentiation and GC reactions during tumor and virus infection. Mechanistically, damaged oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) compensatively triggered the NAD+-glycolysis pathway to provide a cellular energy supply, which was necessary for SIRT3 deficiency-induced TFH cell differentiation. Blocking NAD+ synthesis-glycolysis signaling or recovering OXPHOS activities reversed the TFH cell differentiation induced by SIRT3 deficiency. Moreover, the mTOR and HIF1α signaling axis was found to be responsible for TFH cell differentiation induced by SIRT3 deficiency. HIF1α directly interacted with and regulated the activity of the transcription factor Bcl-6. Thus, our findings identify a cellular energy compensatory mechanism, regulated by the mitochondrial sensor SIRT3, that triggers NAD+-dependent glycolysis during mitochondrial OXPHOS injuries and a mTOR-HIF1α-Bcl-6 pathway to reprogram TFH cell differentiation. These data have implications for future cancer immunotherapy research targeting SIRT3 in T cells.

20.
Inorg Chem ; 63(16): 7241-7254, 2024 Apr 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38581386

RESUMO

The elimination of toluene is an obligatory target with increasing VOC emission in recent years. This study successfully prepared a single-atom Ir catalyst (Ir1/CeO2) by a simple incipient wetness impregnation method, confirmed by in situ CO DRIFTS and AC-HAADF-STEM. Compared to the cluster Ir catalyst (Ir/CeO2-C), Ir1/CeO2 exhibited excellent catalytic performance, stability, and water resistance for the oxidation of toluene. By Raman, H2-TPR, O2-TPD, and XPS experiments, abundant oxygen defects and a unique Ir3+-Ov-Ce3+ structure were formed for the Ir1/CeO2 sample because it had a lower oxygen vacancy formation energy. Furthermore, the DFT results revealed that the Ir1/CeO2 sample had a lower ring-opening energy barrier and adsorption energy of the ring-opening products, which was the rate-determining step for the oxidation of toluene. This work provides instructive insights into the construction of Ir/CeO2 catalysts for the highly efficient removal of VOCs.

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