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1.
Methods Mol Biol ; 2391: 63-73, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34686977

RESUMO

Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated transformation (ATMT) is becoming a popular effective system as an insertional mutagenesis tool in filamentous fungi. An efficient Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated transformation approach was developed for the plant pathogenic fungus, F. oxysporum, the causal agent of Apple replant disease (ARD) in China. Four parameters were selected to optimize efficiencies of transformation. A. tumefaciens concentration, conidial concentration of F. oxysporum, and co-culture temperature and time have a significant influence on all parameters. Transformants emit green fluorescence under fluorescence microscopy. The integration of a mitotically stable hygromycin resistance gene (hph) in the genome is confirmed by PCR. The transformation efficiency can reach up to 300 transformants per 106 conidia under optimal conditions. This ATMT method is an efficient tool for insertional mutagenesis of F. oxysporum.

2.
World J Clin Cases ; 9(27): 8249-8259, 2021 Sep 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34621888

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Granulomatous lobular mastitis (GLM) is a type of benign chronic inflammatory disease that poses therapeutic challenges to healthcare providers. The diagnosis of GLM relies on tissue biopsy, and incorrect treatment may lead to delayed diagnosis, considerable aesthetic damage, and even mastectomy. CASE SUMMARY: We report the case of a 37-year-old Chinese woman who was lactating and had GLM in both breasts. At the time of treatment, the right breast had a mass of approximately 15 cm × 11 cm, which was hard and had poor mobility. Multiple skin ulcerations and pus spills were also observed on the surface of the breast. The left breast had a mass of about 13 cm × 9 cm, which was hard and had poor mobility. CONCLUSION: Herein, we report a case of bilateral GLM in a lactating woman that was successfully treated with traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), without the requirement for surgery or other treatments. Therefore, TCM may have advantages in the nonsurgical treatment of GLM.

3.
World J Gastrointest Oncol ; 13(9): 1164-1183, 2021 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34616521

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pancreatic cancer is a highly malignant tumor of the gastrointestinal system whose emerging resistance to chemotherapy has necessitated the development of novel antitumor treatments. Scoparone, a traditional Chinese medicine monomer with a wide range of pharmacological properties, has attracted considerable attention for its antitumor activity. AIM: To explore the potential antitumor effect of scoparone on pancreatic cancer and the possible molecular mechanism of action. METHODS: The target genes of scoparone were determined using both the bioinformatics and multiplatform analyses. The effect of scoparone on pancreatic cancer cell proliferation, migration, invasion, cell cycle, and apoptosis was detected in vitro. The expression of hub genes was tested using quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR), and the molecular mechanism was analyzed using Western blot. The in vivo effect of scoparone on pancreatic cancer cell proliferation was detected using a xenograft tumor model in nude mice as well as immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: The hub genes involved in the suppression of pancreatic cancer by scoparone were obtained by network bioinformatics analyses using publicly available databases and platforms, including SwissTargetPrediction, STITCH, GeneCards, CTD, STRING, WebGestalt, Cytoscape, and Gepia; AKT1 was confirmed using qRT-PCR to be the hub gene. Cell Counting Kit-8 assay revealed that the viability of Capan-2 and SW1990 cells was significantly reduced by scoparone treatment exhibiting IC50 values of 225.2 µmol/L and 209.1 µmol/L, respectively. Wound healing and transwell assays showed that scoparone inhibited the migration and invasion of pancreatic cancer cells. Additionally, flow cytometry confirmed that scoparone caused cell cycle arrest and induced apoptosis. Scoparone also increased the expression levels of Bax and cleaved caspase-3, decreased the levels of MMP9 and Bcl-2, and suppressed the phosphorylation of Akt without affecting total PI3K and Akt. Moreover, compared with the control group, xenograft tumors, in the 200 µmol/L scoparone treatment group, were smaller in volume and lighter in weight, and the percentages of Ki65- and PCNA-positive cells were decreased. CONCLUSION: Our findings indicate that scoparone inhibits pancreatic cancer cell proliferation in vitro and in vivo, inhibits migration and invasion, and induces cycle arrest and apoptosis in vitro through the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway.

4.
Biosens Bioelectron ; 195: 113683, 2021 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34619484

RESUMO

To understand the physio-pathological state of patients suffering from chronic diseases, scientists and clinicians need sensors to track chemical signals in real-time. However, the lack of stable, safe, and scalable biochemical sensing platforms capable of continuous operation in liquid environments imposes significant challenges in the timely diagnosis, intervention, and treatment of chronic conditions. This work reports a novel strategy for fabricating waterproof and flexible biochemical sensors with active electronic components, which feature a submicron encapsulation layer derived from monocrystalline Si nanomembranes with a high structural integrity due to the high formation temperature (>1000 °C). The ultrathin, yet dense and low-defect encapsulation enables continuous operation of field-effect transistors in biofluids for chemical sensing. The excellent stability in liquid environment and pH sensing performance of such transistors suggest their great potential as the foundation of waterproof and scalable biochemical sensors with active functionalities in the future. The understandings, knowledge base, and demonstrations for pH sensing reported here set the stage for the next generation long-term biosensing with a broad applicability in biomedical research, food science, and advanced healthcare.

5.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 29(5): 1690-1694, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34627464

RESUMO

Hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) reside at the top of the hierarchy and have the ability to differentiate to variety of hematopoietic progenitor cells (HPCs) or mature hematopoietic cells in each system. At present, the procress of HSC and HPC differentiating to the complete hematopoietic system under physiological and stressed conditions is poorly understood. In vivo lineage tracing is a powerful technique that can mark the individual cells and identify the differentiation pathways of their daughter cells, it takes as a strong technical system to research HSC. Traditional lineage tracing studies mainly rely on imaging techniques with fluorescent dyes and nucleic acid analogs. Recently, newly cell tracing technologies have been invented, and the combination of clonal tracing and DNAsequencing technologies have provided a new perspective on cell state, cell fate, and lineage commitment at the single cell level. In this review, these new tracing methods were introduce and discuss, and their advantages over traditional methods in the study of hematopoiesis were summarized briefly.


Assuntos
Hematopoese , Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Diferenciação Celular
6.
Nano Lett ; 2021 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34647460

RESUMO

Extracellular vesicles (EV)-based delivery of therapeutic mRNAs is challenged by the low loading efficiency. In this study, we designed a DNA aptamer consisting of two parts: the single strand part recognized the AUG region of target mRNA, preventing mRNA from translation and ribosome assembly; and the double strand part containing the elements recognized by the CD9-ZF (zinc finger) motifs, sorting DNA aptamer-mRNA complex into CD9-ZF engineered EVs. In vitro and in vivo studies revealed that the system could efficiently load functional mRNAs to the EVs. Furthermore, adipose specific delivery of loaded Pgc1α mRNA via the strategy could efficiently induce white adipocyte browning. Similarly, delivery of interleukin-10 (Il-10) mRNA via the strategy had potent anti-inflammatory effect in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) mouse model. Together, our study has proposed an efficient strategy to load therapeutic mRNAs of interest into EVs, which could be used as a promising strategy for gene therapy.

7.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 11(10)2021 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34684996

RESUMO

GeSn alloys have already attracted extensive attention due to their excellent properties and wide-ranging electronic and optoelectronic applications. Both theoretical and experimental results have shown that direct bandgap GeSn alloys are preferable for Si-based, high-efficiency light source applications. For the abovementioned purposes, molecular beam epitaxy (MBE), physical vapour deposition (PVD), and chemical vapor deposition (CVD) technologies have been extensively explored to grow high-quality GeSn alloys. However, CVD is the dominant growth method in the industry, and it is therefore more easily transferred. This review is focused on the recent progress in GeSn CVD growth (including ion implantation, in situ doping technology, and ohmic contacts), GeSn detectors, GeSn lasers, and GeSn transistors. These review results will provide huge advancements for the research and development of high-performance electronic and optoelectronic devices.

8.
Biology (Basel) ; 10(10)2021 Sep 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34681058

RESUMO

We conducted a meta-analysis to systematically assess the prevalence of hyperhomocysteinemia (HHcy) in China, its change over time, and its determinants. Literature searches were conducted using English databases (PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science) and Chinese databases (CNKI, CBM, VIP, and Wanfang). The time ranges were from Jan 2014 to Mar 2021 in China. We adopted the random effects model to estimate the pooled positive rates of HHcy and corresponding 95% confidence intervals (95% CI). To find the sources of heterogeneity, we performed subgroup analysis and meta-regression. A total of 29 related articles were identified involving 338,660 participants with 128,147 HHcy cases. The estimated prevalence of HHcy in China was 37.2% (95% CI: 32.6-41.8%, I2 = 99.8%, p for heterogeneity < 0.001). The trend of HHcy prevalence was gradually upward over time, with increases during 2015-2016 (comparison to 2013-2014, p < 0.001), but steady between 2015-2016 and 2017-2018. Subgroup analysis showed that the prevalence was higher in the elderly over 55 years old, males, and residents in the north, inland, and rural China (for each comparison, p < 0.001). Meta-regression analysis revealed that age and area of study contributed to 42.3% of the heterogeneity between studies. The current meta-analysis provides strong evidence that the prevalence of HHcy is increasing in China, and varies substantially across different ages, genders, and geographic distribution. Accordingly, high-risk population groups should be focused on, and public health policies and strategies should be carried out to prevent and control HHcy in China.

9.
Foods ; 10(10)2021 Oct 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34681548

RESUMO

The scope of this paper was to investigate the effects of water distribution differences on the quality and feasibility of chicken patties supplemented with woody breast (WB). Chicken patties, containing differing amounts of WB (0%, 25%, 50%, 75%, 100%) were analyzed using low-field NMR. Quality differences between chicken patties were further evaluated by combining lipid and protein properties, fry loss (FL), color (L*, a*, b*), texture (hardness, springiness, chewiness, cohesiveness, resilience), microstructure, and sensory characteristics. The results expressed that both lipid and protein oxidation increased and immobilized water in chicken patties can be converted to free water more easily with increasing levels of WB. Additionally, the free water ratio decreased, water freedom increased, and the bound water ratio increased (p < 0.05). Fry loss, color, texture (hardness, springiness, chewiness), microstructure, and sensory (character, organization, taste) characteristics deteriorated significantly when the WB inclusion level exceeded 25%. Particularly, characteristics of texture (chewiness and character) and sensory (character and organization) decreased significantly as WB inclusion increased past 25% (p < 0.01). Furthermore, fry loss, texture, and overall microstructure partially confirmed the moisture variation of chicken patties as the potential cause of the abnormal quality. Although the experimental data expressed that mixing to 35% WB inclusion was feasible, the practical and economic impact recommends inclusion levels to not exceed 30%.

10.
Cell Rep ; 37(3): 109835, 2021 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34686342

RESUMO

The DREAM (dimerization partner [DP], retinoblastoma [Rb]-like, E2F, and MuvB) complex controls cellular quiescence by repressing cell-cycle and other genes, but its mechanism of action is unclear. Here, we demonstrate that two C. elegans THAP domain proteins, LIN-15B and LIN-36, co-localize with DREAM and function by different mechanisms for repression of distinct sets of targets. LIN-36 represses classical cell-cycle targets by promoting DREAM binding and gene body enrichment of H2A.Z, and we find that DREAM subunit EFL-1/E2F is specific for LIN-36 targets. In contrast, LIN-15B represses germline-specific targets in the soma by facilitating H3K9me2 promoter marking. We further find that LIN-36 and LIN-15B differently regulate DREAM binding. In humans, THAP proteins have been implicated in cell-cycle regulation by poorly understood mechanisms. We propose that THAP domain proteins are key mediators of Rb/DREAM function.

11.
Sci Total Environ ; 807(Pt 2): 150859, 2021 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34634346

RESUMO

Air pollution and other environmental problems caused by excessive emissions of greenhouse gases have become a comprehensive problem requiring joint global treatment. To consider the characteristics of different regions and different countries in terms of greenhouse gas emissions for accurate prediction, a new information priority generalized accumulative grey model (NIPGAGM(1,1,k)) is proposed. The new model maintains the structure of the traditional grey model and the basic result characteristics of its features. This research further deduces the calculation formulas of the model's time response sequence and parameter estimation. Furthermore, an optimization model is established to search the parameters using a detailed optimization algorithm. The optimization value of the new model is determined by the intelligent optimization algorithm. Then, the new model is applied to the greenhouse gas emission prediction of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) member states. The numerical results are compared with those of existing models. Finally, according to the forecast results of greenhouse gas emissions in these regions, reasonable suggestions for clean energy production are proposed.

12.
Cell Death Discov ; 7(1): 261, 2021 Sep 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34552054

RESUMO

Pancreatic cancer is a highly aggressive and lethal digestive system malignancy. Our previous studies revealed the correlation of high levels of lncRNA SOX2OT expression with patients' poor survival outcomes, the promoting role of SOX2OT in proliferation and cycle progression of pancreatic cancer cells, and the in vivo binding of SOX2OT to RNA binding protein FUS, which destabilized the protein expression of FUS. However, the mechanism of SOX2OT binding and inhibiting FUS protein stability remains unclear. In this study, we performed RNA pull-down, cycloheximide-chase, and ubiquitination assays to determine the effect of SOX2OT on FUS ubiquitination, and explored the specific regulatory mechanism of SOX2OT-FUS axis in pancreatic cancer cell migration, invasion, in vivo tumor growth, and metastasis through RNA sequencing. We found that SOX2OT binds to FUS through its 5' and 3' regions, resulting in FUS ubiquitination and degradation. The SOX2OT-FUS regulatory axis promotes migration, invasion, tumor growth, and metastasis ability of pancreatic cancer cells. The in-depth elaboration of the SOX2OT-FUS regulatory axis in pancreatic cancer may clarify the mechanism of action of SOX2OT and provide new ideas for pancreatic cancer treatment.

13.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(18): 4757-4764, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34581086

RESUMO

A spectrum-activity relationship is established with high performance liquid chromatography(HPLC) fingerprints and the in vitro antioxidant activity to improve the quality evaluation system of Aralia taibaiensis. The HPLC profiles of 12 batches of samples were collected, and the similarity evaluation, heat map analysis and principal component analysis were conducted for the chemometric study of the fingerprint data. Combined with grey correlation analysis, the contributions of the common peaks in the fingerprints to the antioxidant activity were clarified, and the important peaks reflecting the efficacy were identified. The results showed that 17 common peaks were found in 12 batches of A. taibaiensis samples, and 6 of them were identified as saponins. Similarity evaluation, heat map analysis and principal component analysis roughly classified the A. taibaiensis herbs into two categories, i.e.,(1) S1-S10, S12 and(2) S11. Twelve batches of samples showed different antioxidant activities in a dose-dependent manner. In particular, S9 had the strongest antioxidant activity, while S11 was the weakest in antioxidant capacity, which was basically consistent with the overall score results. The results of grey correlation analysis demonstrated that the 17 common peaks scavenged DPPH radicals in the following order: X_3>X_(17)>X_4>X_8>X_7>X_(13)>X_2>X_6>X_(11)>X_(10)>X_(16)>X_(12)>X_9>X_5>X_(14)>X_1>X_(15), and scavenged ABTS radicals in the order of X_4>X_3>X_7>X_8>X_2>X_(17)>X_(13)>X_6>X_(16)>X_(11)>X_5>X_(12)>X_(10)>X_9>X_(14)>X_1>X_(15). Among them, X_3, X_4, X_7(araloside C), X_8 and X_(17) were the important peaks reflecting the efficacy of A. taibaiensis, which were basically consistent with those contained in the principal component 1. In this study, the correlation between the HPLC fingerprints of 12 batches of A. taibaiensis and its antioxidant activity provides a reference for the Q-marker screening and quality control of A. taibaiensis.


Assuntos
Aralia , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Saponinas , Antioxidantes , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão
14.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 8: 691653, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34485400

RESUMO

Background: Sudden cardiac death (SCD) is a common cause of death in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), but identification of patients at a high risk of SCD is challenging. The study aimed to validate the three SCD risk stratifications recommended by the 2011 ACCF/AHA guideline, the 2014 ESC guideline, and the 2020 AHA/ACC guideline in Chinese HCM patients. Methods: The study population consisted of a consecutive cohort of 511 patients with HCM without a history of SCD event. The endpoint was a composite of SCD or an equivalent event (appropriate implantable cardioverter defibrillator therapy or successful resuscitation after cardiac arrest). Results: During a follow-up of 4.7 ± 1.7 years, 15 patients (2.9%) reached the SCD endpoint and 12 (2.3%) were protected by implantable cardioverter defibrillator for primary prevention. A total of 13 (2.8%) patients experiencing SCD events were misclassified as low-risk patients by the 2011 ACCF/AHA guideline, 12 (2.3%) by the 2014 ESC model, and 7 (1.6%) by the 2020 AHA/ACC guideline. The SCD risk stratification in the 2020 AHA/ACC guideline showed greater area under the curve (0.71; 95% CI 0.56-0.87, p < 0.001) than the one in the 2011 ACCF/AHA guideline (0.52; 95% CI 0.37-0.67, p = 0.76) and 2014 ESC guideline (0.68; 95% CI 0.54-0.81, p = 0.02). Conclusion: The SCD risk stratification recommended by the 2020 AHA/ACC guideline showed a better discrimination than previous stratifications in Chinese patients with HCM. A larger multicenter, independent, and prospective study with long-term follow-up would be warranted to validate our result.

15.
Front Oncol ; 11: 648895, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34497754

RESUMO

To our knowledge, no studies have reported the use of anlotinib in the treatment of locally cancerous nasopharyngeal inverted papillomas that cannot be operated on or treated with radiotherapy. Here, we report a case of a 53-year-old woman diagnosed with recurrent local canceration of nasopharynx papilloma. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed that the right parapharyngeal space, nasopharynx, and ethmoid sinus were changed, and recurrence was considered. There was no indication for surgery or radiotherapy. Imaging showed that the tumor had obvious enhancement and abundant blood vessels. Immunohistochemistry showed that vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR) 2 expression was positive in papilloma tissue and in local canceration tissue of the papilloma. After the patient's consent was obtained, anlotinib treatment was started in May and ended in November 2019. Then, the patient was treated with intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) with planning gross tumor volume (PGTV) 66 Gy, planning clinical tumor volume 1 (PCTV1) 60 Gy, and planning clinical tumor volume 2 (PCTV2) 54 Gy in 33 fractions. No disease recurrence was reported at 4 months after radiotherapy.

16.
Front Plant Sci ; 12: 719850, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34490016

RESUMO

Changes in the light environment have an important effect on crop growth and yield. To clarify the effects of intercropping and the application of nitrogen on the yield of wheat and light within the crop canopy, the relationship between light and yield and their response to nitrogen fertilizer were studied. In a 2-year field experiment, the characteristics of growth, light, biomass, and yield of wheat were measured using three cropping arrangements (monocropped wheat, monocropped faba beans, and intercropped wheat/faba beans) and four levels of applied nitrogen, in groups termed N0 (0 kg/ha), N1 (90 kg/ha), N2 (180 kg/ha), and N3 (270 kg/ha). The results demonstrated that the application of nitrogen fertilizer increased wheat plant height, spike leaf length and width, and the number of leaves while significantly decreasing wheat canopy light transmittance (LT) and canopy photosynthetic active radiation transmittance (PART), by 7.5-71.1 and 12.7-75.1%, respectively. There was a significantly increased canopy photosynthetic active radiation interception rate (IPAR) of 7.5-97.8% and an increase in biomass of 9.6-38.4%, of which IPAR, biomass, and yield were highest at the N2 level. Compared with monocropping, intercropping increased parameters of wheat growth to varying degrees. Intercropping decreased LT and PART by 10.8-46.4 and 15.7-58.7%, respectively, but increased IPAR by 0.1-66.0%, wheat biomass and yield by 7.5-17.4 and 27.7-47.2%, respectively. The mean yield of intercropped wheat increased by 35.8% over 2 years, while the mean land equivalent ratio (LER) was 1.36, for which a values greater than 1 indicates that wheat and faba bean intercropping is advantageous. Correlation analysis demonstrated that there was a very significant negative correlation between wheat LT and yield, while simultaneously demonstrating a very significant positive correlation between PART and IPAR with yield, indicating that the efficient interception and utilization of light energy in intercropping was the basis for the higher biomass and yield of wheat. In summary, wheat/faba bean intercropping and the application of nitrogen at 180 kg/ha were effective in increasing wheat yield.

17.
Clin Infect Dis ; 2021 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34498683

RESUMO

A false-positive SARS-CoV-2 RT-PCR result can lead to unnecessary public-health measures. We report two individuals whose respiratory specimens were contaminated by inactivated SARS-CoV-2 vaccine strain(CoronaVac), likely at vaccination premises. Incidentally, whole-genome sequencing of CoronaVac showed adaptive deletions on the spike protein, which do not result in observable changes of antigenicity.

18.
Plant J ; 2021 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34492155

RESUMO

High-molecular-weight glutenin subunits (HMW-GS) are major components of seed storage proteins (SSPs) and largely determine the processing properties of wheat (Triticum aestivum) flour. HMW-GS are encoded by the GLU-1 loci and regulated at the transcriptional level by interaction between cis-elements and transcription factors (TFs). We recently validated the function of conserved cis-regulatory modules (CCRMs) in GLU-1 promoters, but their interacting TFs remained uncharacterized. Here we identified a CCRM-binding NAM-ATAF-CUC (NAC) protein, TaNAC100, through yeast one-hybrid (Y1H) library screening. Transactivation assays demonstrated that TaNAC100 could bind to the GLU-1 promoters and repress their transcription activity in tobacco (Nicotiana benthamiana). Overexpression of TaNAC100 in wheat significantly reduced the contents of HMW-GS and other SSPs as well as total seed protein. This was confirmed by transcriptome analyses. Conversely, enhanced expression of TaNAC100 increased seed starch contents and expression of key starch synthesis-related genes, such as TaGBSS1 and TaSUS2. Y1H assays also indicated TaNAC100 binding with the promoters of TaGBSS1 and TaSUS2. These results suggest that TaNAC100 functions as a hub controlling seed protein and starch synthesis. Phenotypic analyses showed that TaNAC100 overexpression repressed plant height, increased heading date, and promoted seed size and thousand kernel weight. We also investigated sequence variations in a panel of cultivars, but did not identify significant association of TaNAC100 haplotypes with agronomic traits. The findings not only uncover a useful gene for wheat breeding but also provide an entry point to reveal the mechanism underlying metabolic balance of seed storage products.

19.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(12): 3087-3090, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34467699

RESUMO

Endometriosis(EMs) is a stubborn gynecological disease caused by persistent immune-inflammatory effects, and is known as "benign tumor" because of its similar characteristics to malignant tumors. National physician master Professor BAN Xiu-wen believes that the spread of damp-evil is the pathologic foundation for inflammatory response of ectopic endometrium; accumulation of blood stasis is the pathological product of continuous inflammatory attacks, and the combination of dampness and stasis is the main pathogenesis for refractory EMs. Modern researches have shown that immune-inflammatory effect is the key mechanism for development of EMs, and is closely related to cell autophagy, all of which have made it become the hot spots in research of the pathogenesis, diagnosis and treatment of EMs. Therefore, with immune-inflammatory effect as the breakthrough point in this research, and with reference to the related research of autophagy, the correlation between "combination of dampness and stasis" and abnormal autophagy-induced immune inflammatory response in ectopic endometrium was discussed, to provide guidance for the clinical application of traditional Chinese medicine and modern research.


Assuntos
Endometriose , Autofagia , Endométrio , Feminino , Humanos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa
20.
Appl Microbiol Biotechnol ; 105(18): 6707-6718, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34476516

RESUMO

Pneumocandin B0, the precursor of the antifungal drug caspofungin, is a lipohexapeptide produced by the fungus Glarea lozoyensis. Oxidative stress and the resulting production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) are known to be involved in the regulation of pneumocandin B0 biosynthesis. In this study, the Glyap1 gene of Glarea lozoyensis, a homologue of the yeast redox regulator YAP1, was knocked out. The intracellular ROS levels of the resulting ΔGlyap1 strain were higher than in the wild-type strain, which was caused by the downregulated expression of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT). Compared with the wild-type strain, ΔGlyap1 exhibited an oxidative phenotype throughout its life cycle, which resulted in significantly higher pneumocandin B0 production per unit biomass. In addition, ΔGlyap1 showed growth inhibition and decreased pneumocandin B0 production in the presence of CCl4, which leads to strong oxidative stress. To overcome the strain's sensitivity, a three-stage antioxidant addition strategy was developed. This approach significantly improved the growth of ΔGlyap1 while maintaining a high pneumocandin B0 production per unit biomass, which reached 38.78 mg/g DCW. Notably, this result represents a 50% increase over the wild-type strain. These findings provide new insights into the regulatory mechanisms that control pneumocandin B0 production under oxidative stress, which may be applied to improve the production of other secondary metabolites. KEY POINTS: • Glyap1 is involved in expression of redox and pneumocandin B0 synthesis-related genes. • Addition of a three-stage antioxidant alleviated the sensitivity of ΔGlyap1 strain. • The yield of pneumocandin B0 per unit biomass of ΔGlyap1 strain was 38.78 mg/g DCW.


Assuntos
Ascomicetos , Equinocandinas , Ascomicetos/genética , Ascomicetos/metabolismo , Equinocandinas/metabolismo , Oxirredução , Estresse Oxidativo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio
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