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1.
Food Chem X ; 22: 101300, 2024 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38571574

RESUMO

The composition of volatile compounds in beer is crucial to the quality of beer. Herein, we identified 23 volatile compounds, namely, 12 esters, 4 alcohols, 5 acids, and 2 phenols, in nine different beer types using GC-MS. By performing PCA of the data of the flavor compounds, the different beer types were well discriminated. Ethyl caproate, ethyl caprylate, and phenylethyl alcohol were identified as the crucial volatile compounds to discriminate different beers. PLS regression analysis was performed to model and predict the contents of six crucial volatile compounds in the beer samples based on the characteristic wavelength of the FTIR spectrum. The R2 value of each sample in the prediction model was 0.9398-0.9994, and RMSEP was 0.0122-0.7011. The method proposed in this paper has been applied to determine flavor compounds in beer samples with good consistency compared with GC-MS.

2.
Biomed Environ Sci ; 37(3): 233-241, 2024 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38582988

RESUMO

Objective: Hypertriglyceridemic waist (HW), hypertriglyceridemic waist-to-height ratio (HWHtR), and waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) have been shown to be indicators of cardiometabolic risk factors. However, it is not clear which indicator is more suitable for children and adolescents. We aimed to investigate the relationship between HW, HWHtR, WHR, and cardiovascular risk factors clustering to determine the best screening tools for cardiometabolic risk in children and adolescents. Methods: This was a national cross-sectional study. Anthropometric and biochemical variables were assessed in approximately 70,000 participants aged 6-18 years from seven provinces in China. Demographics, physical activity, dietary intake, and family history of chronic diseases were obtained through questionnaires. ANOVA, χ 2 and logistic regression analysis was conducted. Results: A significant sex difference was observed for HWHtR and WHR, but not for HW phenotype. The risk of cardiometabolic health risk factor clustering with HW phenotype or the HWHtR phenotype was significantly higher than that with the non-HW or non-HWHtR phenotypes among children and adolescents (HW: OR = 12.22, 95% CI: 9.54-15.67; HWHtR: OR = 9.70, 95% CI: 6.93-13.58). Compared with the HW and HWHtR phenotypes, the association between risk of cardiometabolic health risk factors (CHRF) clustering and high WHR was much weaker and not significant (WHR: OR = 1.14, 95% CI: 0.97-1.34). Conclusion: Compared with HWHtR and WHR, the HW phenotype is a more convenient indicator withhigher applicability to screen children and adolescents for cardiovascular risk factors.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Cintura Hipertrigliceridêmica , Criança , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Cintura Hipertrigliceridêmica/complicações , Cintura Hipertrigliceridêmica/epidemiologia , Relação Cintura-Quadril , Fatores de Risco Cardiometabólico , Fatores de Risco , Estudos Transversais , Análise por Conglomerados , Razão Cintura-Estatura , China/epidemiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/etiologia , Circunferência da Cintura , Índice de Massa Corporal
3.
bioRxiv ; 2024 Mar 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38586019

RESUMO

Background: Identifying biomarkers that predict substance use disorder (SUD) propensity may better strategize anti-addiction treatment. The melanin-concentrating hormone (MCH) neurons in the lateral hypothalamus (LH) critically mediates interactions between sleep and substance use; however, their activities are largely obscured in surface electroencephalogram (EEG) measures, hindering the development of biomarkers. Methods: Surface EEG signals and real-time Ca 2+ activities of LH MCH neurons (Ca 2+ MCH ) were simultaneously recorded in male and female adult rats. Mathematical modeling and machine learning were then applied to predict Ca 2+ MCH using EEG derivatives. The robustness of the predictions was tested across sex and treatment conditions. Finally, features extracted from the EEG-predicted Ca 2+ MCH either before or after cocaine experience were used to predict future drug-seeking behaviors. Results: An EEG waveform derivative - a modified theta-to-delta ratio (EEG Ratio) - accurately tracks real-time Ca 2+ MCH in rats. The prediction was robust during rapid eye movement sleep (REMS), persisted through REMS manipulations, wakefulness, circadian phases, and was consistent across sex. Moreover, cocaine self-administration and long-term withdrawal altered EEG Ratio suggesting shortening and circadian redistribution of synchronous MCH neuron activities. In addition, features of EEG Ratio indicative of prolonged synchronous MCH neuron activities predicted lower subsequent cocaine seeking. EEG Ratio also exhibited advantages over conventional REMS measures for the predictions. Conclusions: The identified EEG Ratio may serve as a non-invasive measure for assessing MCH neuron activities in vivo and evaluating REMS; it may also serve as a potential biomarker predicting drug use propensity.

4.
Int J Neurosci ; : 1-7, 2024 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38557439

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aims to analyze key factors affecting the surgical outcome of children with intractable epilepsy caused by focal cortical dysplasia, providing more effective clinical guidance. METHODS: We conducted a study from March 2019 to February 2021, selecting 80 children with intractable epilepsy caused by focal cortical dysplasia who underwent surgical treatment. Comprehensive inclusion criteria were met. We collected general information and treatment outcomes before and after surgery, with a two-year postoperative follow-up. Patients were categorized into good and poor outcome groups based on outcomes. Various factors including pathological types, age of onset, seizure frequency, and extent of resection were selected as variables. Logistic regression analysis investigated predictive factors. RESULTS: Engel class I included 53 cases, class II had 16 cases, class III had 9 cases, and class IV had 2 cases. Thus, 53 cases were in the good outcome group, and 27 in the poor outcome group. General data showed no significant differences between the groups (p > 0.05). Single-factor analysis revealed statistically significant risk factors: FCD classification, MRI results, age of onset, seizure frequency, and extent of resection (p < 0.05). Logistic multifactor analysis indicated seizure frequency. acute postoperative seizures (APSO) and extent of resection as independent influencing factors (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Seizure frequency, extent of resection, and APSO are key independent factors for surgical outcome in children with intractable epilepsy caused by focal cortical dysplasia. Clinicians should consider these factors when planning treatment to improve success rates and outcome, enhancing quality of life for affected children.

5.
Mol Biol Rep ; 51(1): 492, 2024 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38578368

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lactoferrin (LF) is an iron-binding multifunctional cationic glycoprotein. Previous studies have demonstrated that LF may be a potential drug for treating acute lung injury (ALI) and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). In this study, we explored the anti-inflammatory effect and mechanism of bovine lactoferrin (bLF) in ALI using the RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) technology and transcriptome analysis. METHODS AND RESULTS: Based on the differentially expressed genes (DEGs) obtained from RNA-seq of the Lung from mouse model, the bioinformatics workflow was implemented using the BGISEQ-500 platform. The protein-protein interaction (PPI) network was obtained using STRING, and the hub gene was screened using Cytoscape. To verify the results of transcriptome analysis, the effects of bLF on Lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced BEAS-2B cells and its anti-reactive oxygen species (ROS), anti-inflammatory, and antiapoptotic effects were studied via Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) test, active oxygen detection test, ELISA, and western blot assay. Transcriptome analysis revealed that two hub gene modules of DEGs were screened via PPI analysis using the STRING and MCODE plug-ins of Cytoscape. Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) enrichment analysis revealed that these core modules are enriched in the PPAR (peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor) and AMPK (AMP-activated protein kinase) signaling pathways. Through cell experiments, our study shows that bLF can inhibit ROS, inflammatory reaction, and LPS-induced BEAS-2B cell apoptosis, which are significantly antagonized by the PPAR-γ inhibitor GW9662. CONCLUSION: This study has suggested that the PPAR-γ pathway is the critical target of bLF in anti-inflammatory reactions and apoptosis of ALI, which provides a direction for further research.


Assuntos
Lesão Pulmonar Aguda , Lactoferrina , Animais , Camundongos , Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/induzido quimicamente , Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/genética , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Apoptose , Lactoferrina/farmacologia , Lipopolissacarídeos , Receptores Ativados por Proliferador de Peroxissomo/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo
6.
Am J Transl Res ; 16(3): 933-939, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38586103

RESUMO

A 32-year-old woman with preeclampsia who presented with persistent severe hypertension and epigastric pain underwent an emergency cesarean section for fetal distress and was diagnosed with hepatic rupture and HELLP (hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, and a low platelet) syndrome. After the operation, the patient was transferred to the intensive care unit for supportive treatment and management of complications. Diagnosis and treatment decisions were made through multidisciplinary management. The patient received plasma exchange and continuous renal replacement therapy. One week after the operation, the patient developed deep vein thrombosis and received anticoagulant therapy, which triggered rebleeding. Conservative treatment was taken, including halving the dosage of anticoagulant medication and performing a blood transfusion, and the patient's condition gradually stabilized. The patient was discharged 44 days after the operation. Early diagnosis, effective treatment, and multidisciplinary management can help patients with this critical presentation achieve good clinical outcomes.

7.
Curr Med Sci ; 2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38561593

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Hemophilia carriers (HCs), who are heterozygous for mutations in the clotting factor VIII/clotting factor IX gene (F8 or F9), may have a wide range of clotting factor levels, from very low, similar to afflicted males, to the upper limit of normal, and may experience mental health issues. The purpose of this study was to provide genetic information on mothers of hemophilia patients and to understand the clotting factor activity and phenotype of HCs. Additionally, we aimed to investigate the mental health status of HCs in China. METHODS: A total of 127 hemophilia mothers, including 93 hemophilia A (HA) mothers and 34 hemophilia B (HB) mothers, were enrolled in this study. Long distance PCR, multiplex PCR, and Sanger sequencing were used to analyze mutations in F8 or F9. Coagulation factor activity was detected by a one-stage clotting assay. The Symptom Checklist 90 (SCL-90, China/Mandarin version) was given to HCs at the same time to assess their mental health. RESULTS: A total of 90.6% of hemophilia mothers were diagnosed genetically as carriers, with inversion in intron 22 and missense mutations being the most common mutation types in HA and HB carriers, respectively. The median clotting factor level in carriers was 0.74 IU/mL (ranging from 0.09 to 1.74 IU/mL) compared with 1.49 IU/mL (ranging from 0.93 to 1.89 IU/mL) in noncarriers, of which 14.3% of HCs had clotting factor levels of 0.40 IU/mL or below. A total of 53.8% (7/13) of HA carriers with low clotting factor levels (less than 0.50 IU/mL) had a history of bleeding, while none of the HB carriers displayed a bleeding phenotype. The total mean score and the global severity index of the SCL-90 for surveyed HCs were 171.00 (±60.37) and 1.78 (±0.59), respectively. A total of 67.7% of the respondents had psychological symptoms, with obsessive-compulsive disorder being the most prevalent and severe. The pooled estimates of all nine factors were significantly higher than those in the general population (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The detection rate of gene mutations in hemophilia mothers was 90.6%, with a median clotting factor level of 0.74 IU/mL, and 14.3% of HCs had a clotting factor level of 0.40 IU/mL or below. A history of bleeding was present in 41.2% of HCs with low clotting factor levels (less than 0.50 IU/mL). Additionally, given the fragile mental health status of HCs in China, it is critical to develop efficient strategies to improve psychological well-being.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38593836

RESUMO

We theoretically study the crossed Andreev reflection (CAR) of the normal mental-superconductor-normal mental (NSN) heterojunction based on Kekulé-Y patterned graphene with two doping types of the right region, i.e., nSn and nSp configurations. It is found that the enhanced CAR is more likely to occur in the nSp configuration rather than the nSn configuration. To be concrete, the almost perfect CAR occurs in a large range of incident angle in the single Dirac cone phase when the incident energy is inside the gap of the nonlinear band. Furthermore, the roles of the length of superconductor and pseudospin-valley coupling on conductance are also evaluated. .

9.
Plant Cell Rep ; 43(4): 109, 2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38564014

RESUMO

KEY MESSAGE: The regulatory action of BXs secreted by wheat on the pathogenicity of FOF causing Fusarium wilt in faba bean were analyzed. DIMBOA and MBOA weakened the pathogenicity of FOF. A large number of pathogenic bacteria in continuous cropping soil infect faba bean plants, leading to the occurrence of wilt disease, which restricts their production. Faba bean-wheat intercropping is often used to alleviate this disease. This study investigates the effect of benzoxazinoids (BXs) secreted by wheat root on the pathogenicity of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. Fabae (FOF) and underlying molecular mechanisms. The effects of DIMBOA(2,4-dihydroxy-7-methoxy-1,4-benzoxazine-4-one) and MBOA(6-methoxybenzoxazolin-2-one) on the activity of cell-wall-degrading enzymes in FOF(cellulase, pectinase, amylase, and protease), FOF Toxin (fusaric acid, FA) content were investigated through indoor culture experiments. The effect of BXs on the metabolic level of FOF was analyzed by metabonomics to explore the ecological function of benzoxazines intercropping control of Fusarium wilt in faba bean. The results show that the Exogenous addition of DIMBOA and MBOA decreased the activity of plant-cell-wall-degrading enzymes and fusaric acid content and significantly weakened the pathogenicity of FOF. DIMBOA and MBOA significantly inhibited the pathogenicity of FOF, and metabolome analysis showed that DIMBOA and MBOA reduced the pathogenicity of FOF by down-regulating related pathways such as nucleotide metabolism and linoleic acid metabolism, thus effectively controlling the occurrence of Fusarium wilt in faba bean.


Assuntos
Benzoxazinas , Fusarium , Triticum , Benzoxazinas/farmacologia , Ácido Linoleico , Virulência , Ácido Fusárico , Nucleotídeos
10.
Heliyon ; 10(5): e25909, 2024 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38439839

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the stability of Acorus tatarinowii and Atractylodes lancea essential oils (ATaAL-EO) under a hot environment at 60 °C, and to analyze the differences in component, quantity, and quality changes, as well as variations in the main components, under different treatment methods of crude oil, ß-cyclodextrin inclusion of ATaAL-EO, and Pickering emulsion, to improve the stability and quality of ATaAL-EO. Methods: The stability of the ATaAL-EO group, the ß-cyclodextrin inclusion ATaAL-EO group, and the Pickering emulsion group were investigated under a 60 °C heat environment. Volatile oil retention rate and peroxide value were collected and measured. The volatile oil components of each group were determined by GC-MS, and t-tests were used to screen for differential components. PCA plots for each group were constructed using the OmicShare online platform. Line plots were generated using the Rmisc and reshape2 packages. Upset Venn diagrams under different hot environments were created using the OmicShare online platform to identify quantitative and qualitative changing components and heat map stack plots for newly generated compounds and connected line plots for disappearing compounds were produced for each group. Boxplots for the main component compounds under different hot environments were generated using the reshape2 and ggplot2 packages. Results: In a hot environment of 60 °C, the ß-cyclodextrin inclusion ATaAL-EO and Pickering emulsion group with 1, 3, and 8 h of placement showed higher retention and lower oxidation degree compared to the stability of the ATaAL-EO group. GC-MS analysis results showed that the stability of volatile components in the Pickering emulsion group and ß-cyclodextrin inclusion ATaAL-EO group was significantly improved compared to the crude oil group. Conclusion: ß-cyclodextrin inclusion complexes with ATaAL-EO, as well as Pickering emulsions, can significantly enhance the stability and quality of ATaAL-EO. Pickering emulsions have more advantages.

11.
Heliyon ; 10(5): e27217, 2024 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38449612

RESUMO

Trilobolide-6-O-isobutyrate exhibits significant antitumor effects on cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) cells by effectively inhibiting the JAK/STAT3 signaling pathway. This study aims to investigate the mechanisms underlying the antitumor properties of trilobolide-6-O-isobutyrate, and to explore its potential as a therapeutic agent for CCA. This study illustrates that trilobolide-6-O-isobutyrate efficiently suppresses CCA cell proliferation in a dose- and time-dependent manner. Furthermore, trilobolide-6-O-isobutyrate stimulates the production of reactive oxygen species, leading to oxidative stress and initiation of apoptosis via the activation of the mitochondrial pathway. Data from xenograft tumor assays in nude mice confirms that TBB inhibits tumor growth, and that there are no obvious toxic effects or side effects in vivo. Mechanistically, trilobolide-6-O-isobutyrate exerts antitumor effects by inhibiting STAT3 transcriptional activation, reducing PCNA and Bcl-2 expression, and increasing P21 expression. These findings emphasizes the potential of trilobolide-6-O-isobutyrate as a promising therapeutic candidate for the treatment of CCA.

12.
Sci Total Environ ; 924: 171594, 2024 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38461989

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recently, the effect of artificial light at night (ALAN) on the physiology and behavior of insects has gradually attracted the attention of researchers and has become a new research topic. Aedes albopictus is an important vector that poses a great public health risk. Further studies on the diapause of Ae. albopictus can provide a basis for new vector control, and it is also worth exploring whether the effect of ALAN on the diapause of Ae. albopictus will provide a reference for the prevention and control of infectious diseases mediated by Ae. albopictus. METHODS: In this study, we experimentally studied the diapause characteristics of different geographical strains of Ae. albopictus under the interference of ALAN, explored the effect of ALAN on the diapause of Ae. albopictus and explored the molecular mechanism of ALAN on the diapause process through RNA-seq. RESULTS: As seen from the diapause incidence, Ae. albopictus of the same geographic strain showed a lower diapause incidence when exposed to ALAN. The differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were mainly enriched in signaling and metabolism-related pathways in the parental females and diapause eggs of the ALAN group. CONCLUSIONS: ALAN inhibits Ae. albopictus diapause. In the short photoperiod induced diapause of Ae. albopictus in temperate strain Beijing and subtropical strain Guangzhou, the disturbance of ALAN reduced the egg diapause rate and increased the egg hatching rate of Ae. albopictus, and the disturbance of ALAN also shortened the life cycle of Ae. albopictus eggs after hatching.


Assuntos
Aedes , Diapausa , Animais , Feminino , Poluição Luminosa , Aedes/fisiologia , Fotoperíodo
13.
Zhongguo Gu Shang ; 37(3): 293-9, 2024 Mar 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38515418

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore clinical efficacy of proximal femoral nail anti-rotation(PFNA),InterTan and proximal femoral bionic intramedullary nail (PFBN) in treating femoral intertrochanteric fracture. METHODS: Clinical data of 120 patients with intertrochanteric fracture who were underwent closed reduction intramedullary nail-internal fixation from January 2020 to January 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. According to methods of internal fixation,patients were divided into 3 groups. There were 25 patients in PFBN group,including 16 females and 9 males,aged from 69 to 79 years old with an average of (73.67±5.16) years old. There were 55 patients in PFNA group,including 38 females and 17 males,aged from 68 to 80 years old with an average of (74.23±5.57) years old. There were 40 patients in InterTan group,including 26 females and 14 males,aged from 68 to 79 years old with an average of (73.45±5.34) years old. Operative time,intraoperative blood loss,incision length,hospital stay,weight-bearing time,fracture healing time and complications among 3 groups were compared,and clinical effect was evaluated by Harris score of hip function before operation,1,6 and 12 months after opertaion,respectively. RESULTS: Patients among 3 groups were successfully completed operation and were followed up for more than 12 months. There were no significant difference in hospital stay,operative time,intraoperative blood loss and incision length among 3 groups (P>0.05). Weight bearing time of PFBN group (7.98±1.34) d and InterTan group (8.22±0.46) d were earlier than that of PFNA group (10.27±0.66) d(P<0.01). Fracture healing time of PFBN group (10.14±2.33) weeks and InterTan group (11.87±2.48) weeks were earlier than that of PFNA group (13.68±2.36) weeks (P<0.01). One month after operation,Harris score in PFBN group (70.52±5.34) and InterTan group (69.81±6.17) was higher than that of PFNA group (51.46±5.36),and there was no significant difference between PFBN group and InterTan group (P>0.05). There were no significant difference in Harris scores among 3 groups before operation,6 and 12 months after opertaion(P>0.05). Cases of complication of InterTan group and PFNA group were lower than that of PFNA group (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: PFBN and InterTan for the treatment of intertrochanteric fracture have advantages of faster fracture healing,earlier weight-bearing time and fewer postoperative complications than traditional PFNA,but three operations could achieve higher effective rates without significant difference in long-term results.


Assuntos
Fraturas do Fêmur , Fixação Intramedular de Fraturas , Fraturas do Quadril , Masculino , Feminino , Humanos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Fixação Intramedular de Fraturas/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica , Pinos Ortopédicos , Fraturas do Quadril/cirurgia , Fraturas do Fêmur/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Front Neurol ; 15: 1361035, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38515444

RESUMO

Background: Hemorrhagic transformation (HT) after intravenous thrombolysis (IVT) might worsen the clinical outcomes, and a reliable predictive system is needed to identify the risk of hemorrhagic transformation after IVT. Methods: Retrospective collection of patients with acute cerebral infarction treated with intravenous thrombolysis in our hospital from 2018 to 2022. 197 patients were included in the research study. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to screen the factors in the predictive nomogram. The performance of nomogram was assessed on the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC-ROC), calibration plots and decision curve analysis (DCA). Results: A total of 197 patients were recruited, of whom 24 (12.1%) developed HT. In multivariate logistic regression model National Institute of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) (OR, 1.362; 95% CI, 1.161-1.652; p = 0.001), N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-pro BNP) (OR, 1.012; 95% CI, 1.004-1.020; p = 0.003), neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) (OR, 3.430; 95% CI, 2.082-6.262; p < 0.001), systolic blood pressure (SBP) (OR, 1.039; 95% CI, 1.009-1.075; p = 0.016) were the independent predictors of HT which were used to generate nomogram. The nomogram showed good discrimination due to AUC-ROC values. Calibration plot showed good calibration. DCA showed that nomogram is clinically useful. Conclusion: Nomogram consisting of NIHSS, NT-pro BNP, NLR, SBP scores predict the risk of HT in AIS patients treated with IVT.

15.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 6053, 2024 03 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38480774

RESUMO

The bioactivity of interferon-γ (IFN-γ) in cancer cells in the tumor microenvironment (TME) is not well understood in the current immunotherapy era. We found that IFN-γ has an immunosuppressive effect on colorectal cancer (CRC) cells. The tumor volume in immunocompetent mice was significantly increased after subcutaneous implantation of murine CRC cells followed by IFN-γ stimulation, and RNA sequencing showed high expression of B7 homologous protein 4 (B7H4) in these tumors. B7H4 promotes CRC cell growth by inhibiting the release of granzyme B (GzmB) from CD8+ T cells and accelerating apoptosis in CD8+ T cells. Furthermore, interferon regulatory factor 1 (IRF1), which binds to the B7H4 promoter, is positively associated with IFN-γ stimulation-induced expression of B7H4. The clinical outcome of patients with CRC was negatively related to the high expression of B7H4 in cancer cells or low expression of CD8 in the microenvironment. Therefore, B7H4 is a biomarker of poor prognosis in CRC patients, and interference with the IFN-γ/IRF1/B7H4 axis might be a novel immunotherapeutic method to restore the cytotoxic killing of CRC cells.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , Linfócitos T Citotóxicos , Humanos , Animais , Camundongos , Interferon gama/farmacologia , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos , Microambiente Tumoral , Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia
16.
Epilepsia Open ; 2024 Mar 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38491953

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aims to comprehensively analyze the clinical characteristics and identify the differentially expressed genes associated with drug-resistant epilepsy (DRE) in patients with focal cortical dysplasia (FCD). METHODS: A retrospective investigation was conducted from July 2019 to June 2022, involving 40 pediatric cases of DRE linked to FCD. Subsequent follow-ups were done to assess post-surgical outcomes. Transcriptomic sequencing and quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) were used to examine differential gene expression between the FCD and control groups. RESULTS: Among the 40 patients included in the study, focal to bilateral tonic-clonic seizures (13/40, 32.50%) and epileptic spasms (9/40, 22.50%) were the predominant seizure types. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed frequent involvement of the frontal (22/40, 55%) and temporal lobes (12/40, 30%). In cases with negative MRI results (13/13, 100%), positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET-CT) scans revealed hypometabolic lesions. Fused MRI/PET-CT images demonstrated lesion reduction in 40.74% (11/27) of cases compared with PET-CT alone, while 59.26% (16/27) yielded results consistent with PET-CT findings. FCD type II was identified in 26 cases, and FCD type I in 13 cases. At the last follow-up, 38 patients were prescribed an average of 1.27 ± 1.05 anti-seizure medications (ASMs), with two patients discontinuing treatment. After a postoperative follow-up period of 23.50 months, 75% (30/40) of patients achieved Engel class I outcome. Transcriptomic sequencing and qRT-PCR analysis identified several genes primarily associated with cilia, including CFAP47, CFAP126, JHY, RSPH4A, and SPAG1. SIGNIFICANCE: This study highlights focal to bilateral tonic-clonic seizures as the most common seizure type in patients with DRE due to FCD. Surgical intervention primarily targeted lesions in the frontal and temporal lobes. Patients with FCD-related DRE showed a promising prognosis for seizure control post-surgery. The identified genes, including CFAP47, CFAP126, JHY, RSPH4A, and SPAG1, could serve as potential biomarkers for FCD. PLAIN LANGUAGE SUMMARY: This study aimed to comprehensively evaluate the clinical data of individuals affected by focal cortical dysplasia and analyze transcriptomic data from brain tissues. We found that focal to bilateral tonic-clonic seizures were the most prevalent seizure type in patients with drug-resistant epilepsy. In cases treated surgically, the frontal and temporal lobes were the primary sites of the lesions. Moreover, patients with focal cortical dysplasia-induced drug-resistant epilepsy exhibited a favorable prognosis for seizure control after surgery. CFAP47, CFAP126, JHY, RSPH4A, and SPAG1 have emerged as potential pathogenic genes for the development of focal cortical dysplasia.

17.
ACS Omega ; 9(10): 11998-12005, 2024 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38496964

RESUMO

Chemotherapy is widely recognized as an important approach for the treatment of cholangiocarcinoma. Gemcitabine (GEM) has been considered a first-line drug for treating cholangiocarcinoma due to its ability to effectively inhibit the proliferation, migration, and invasion of liver cancer cells. However, the systemic toxicity, premature degradation, and lack of tumor-targeting properties of GEM limit its application in cholangiocarcinoma chemotherapy. Additionally, precise targeted delivery of GEM is necessary to align with the current concept of precision medicine. In this study, considering the overexpression of hyaluronic acid (HA) receptors (CD44) on cholangiocarcinoma cells, we designed GEM@ZIF-67-HA NPs by loading GEM onto ZIF-67 and modifying its surface with HA. The structure, size, morphology, and elemental composition of GEM@ZIF-67-HA were analyzed using transmission electron microscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, ζ-potential, and isothermal adsorption. Cell toxicity experiments demonstrated that GEM@ZIF-67-HA NPs not only reduced cytotoxicity to normal cells but also effectively inhibited the viability of two types of cholangiocarcinoma tumor cells. In a subcutaneous tumor model, GEM@ZIF-67-HA significantly suppressed tumor growth. The tumor-targeting and controllable properties of GEM@ZIF-67-HA NPs hold promise for further development in the strategy of precise targeted therapy for cholangiocarcinoma.

18.
Nucleic Acids Res ; 2024 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38471819

RESUMO

Viruses are master remodelers of the host cell environment in support of infection and virus production. For example, viruses typically regulate cell gene expression through modulating canonical cell promoter activity. Here, we show that Epstein Barr virus (EBV) replication causes 'de novo' transcription initiation at 29674 new transcription start sites throughout the cell genome. De novo transcription initiation is facilitated in part by the unique properties of the viral pre-initiation complex (vPIC) that binds a TATT[T/A]AA, TATA box-like sequence and activates transcription with minimal support by additional transcription factors. Other de novo promoters are driven by the viral transcription factors, Zta and Rta and are influenced by directional proximity to existing canonical cell promoters, a configuration that fosters transcription through existing promoters and transcriptional interference. These studies reveal a new way that viruses interact with the host transcriptome to inhibit host gene expression and they shed light on primal features driving eukaryotic promoter function.

19.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 2144, 2024 Mar 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38459021

RESUMO

Host survival depends on the elimination of virus and mitigation of tissue damage. Herein, we report the modulation of D-mannose flux rewires the virus-triggered immunometabolic response cascade and reduces tissue damage. Safe and inexpensive D-mannose can compete with glucose for the same transporter and hexokinase. Such competitions suppress glycolysis, reduce mitochondrial reactive-oxygen-species and succinate-mediated hypoxia-inducible factor-1α, and thus reduce virus-induced proinflammatory cytokine production. The combinatorial treatment by D-mannose and antiviral monotherapy exhibits in vivo synergy despite delayed antiviral treatment in mouse model of virus infections. Phosphomannose isomerase (PMI) knockout cells are viable, whereas addition of D-mannose to the PMI knockout cells blocks cell proliferation, indicating that PMI activity determines the beneficial effect of D-mannose. PMI inhibition suppress a panel of virus replication via affecting host and viral surface protein glycosylation. However, D-mannose does not suppress PMI activity or virus fitness. Taken together, PMI-centered therapeutic strategy clears virus infection while D-mannose treatment reprograms glycolysis for control of collateral damage.


Assuntos
Manose-6-Fosfato Isomerase , Manose , Animais , Camundongos , Manose-6-Fosfato Isomerase/metabolismo , Glicosilação , Manose/metabolismo , Glucose/metabolismo , Antivirais/farmacologia
20.
Heliyon ; 10(5): e26912, 2024 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38455531

RESUMO

Objectives: Methylmalonic acidemia (MMA) is a rare inborn genetic disorder that is characterized by increased levels of methylmalonic acid in blood plasma and urine. Isolated methylmalonic acidemia is one of the most common types of MMA and is caused by mutations in the gene encoding methyl-malonyl coenzyme A mutase (MMUT). In this study, we investigated the possible mechanisms underlying the symptoms of isolated MMA in a patient by molecular analysis. Methods: PCR amplification and Sanger sequencing analysis was performed to identify variants in the MMUT gene in the proband and his family. Furthermore, minigene constructs were generated to validate the splicing defects in the MMUT gene variant identified in the proband. Results: The 3-year-old patient was admitted to the hospital with symptoms of MMA, including fever, convulsions, and vomiting. He showed metabolic acidosis, high levels of methylmalonic acid in blood and urine, and normal blood homocysteine levels. Genetic analysis demonstrated that the patient was a compound heterozygous carrier of two variants in the MMUT gene: a missense c.278G > A variant that has already been reported in a patient with the severe mut° phenotype; and a novel splice site variant c.2125-2A > G. RT-PCR analysis showed that, while the novel variant clearly alters splicing, a minor amount of a full-length transcript is generated, suggesting that a wild-type protein may be produced although at a lower quantitative level. The patient's condition improved after treatment with vitamin B12. Serious complications were not reported during follow-up at age 5. Conclusions: We identified a novel splice site variant that partially disrupts normal splicing of the MMUT pre-mRNA. Production of a reduced amount of full-length transcript is responsible for the mild clinical phenotype observed in this patient. Functional studies have proven useful in exploring the genotype-phenotype association and in providing guidance for the genetic diagnosis of MMA.

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