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1.
World J Pediatr ; 2024 Apr 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38613734

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Vasovagal syncope (VVS) is the most common type of orthostatic intolerance in children. We investigated whether platelet-related factors related to treatment efficacy in children suffering from VVS treated with metoprolol. METHODS: Metoprolol-treated VVS patients were recruited. The median duration of therapy was three months. Patients were followed and divided into two groups, treament-effective group and treatment-ineffective group. Logistic and least absolute shrinkage selection operator regressions were used to examine treatment outcome variables. Receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curves, precision-recall (PR) curves, calibration plots, and decision curve analyses were used to evaluate the nomogram model. RESULTS: Among the 72 patients who complete the follow-up, treatment-effective group and treatment-ineffective group included 42 (58.3%) and 30 (41.7%) cases, respectively. The patients in the treatment-effective group exhibited higher mean platelet volume (MPV) [(11.0 ± 1.0) fl vs. (9.8 ± 1.0) fl, P < 0.01] and platelet distribution width [12.7% (12.3%, 14.3%) vs. 11.3% (10.2%, 12.2%), P < 0.01] than those in the treatment-ineffective group. The sex ratio was significantly different (P = 0.046). A fit model comprising age [odds ratio (OR) = 0.766, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.594-0.987] and MPV (OR = 5.613, 95% CI = 2.297-13.711) might predict therapeutic efficacy. The area under the curve of the ROC and PR curves was computed to be 0.85 and 0.9, respectively. The P value of the Hosmer-Lemeshow test was 0.27. The decision curve analysis confirmed that managing children with VVS based on the predictive model led to a net advantage ranging from 0.01 to 0.58. The nomogram is convenient for clinical applications. CONCLUSION: A novel nomogram based on age and MPV can predict the therapeutic benefits of metoprolol in children with VVS.

2.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 24(1): 210, 2024 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38627656

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease continues to be a leading cause of mortality worldwide, highlighting the need to explore innovative approaches to improve cardiovascular health outcomes. Time-restricted fasting (TRF) is a dietary intervention that involves limiting the time window for food consumption. It has gained attention for its potential benefits on metabolic health and weight management. This study aims to investigate the impact of TRF on key risk factors, including body weight, glucose metabolism, blood pressure, and lipid profile. METHODS: We conducted a systematic search in five databases (Scopus, Embase, PubMed, Cochrane, and Web of Science) for relevant studies up to January 2023. After applying inclusion criteria, 12 studies were eligible for analysis. Quality assessment was conducted using the ROB-2.0 tool and ROBINS-I. Risk of bias was mapped using Revman 5.3, and data analysis included Hartung-Knapp adjustment using R 4.2.2. RESULTS: The group that underwent the TRF intervention exhibited a significant decrease in body weight (SMD: -0.22; 95%CI: -0.41, -0.04; P < 0.05) and fat mass (SMD: -0.19; 95%CI: -0.36, -0.02; P < 0.05), while maintaining lean mass (SMD: -0.09; 95%CI: -0.08, 0.26; P > 0.05). CONCLUSION: TRF has shown potential as a treatment strategy for reducing total body weight by targeting adipose tissue, with potential improvements in cardiometabolic function.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Humanos , Doenças Cardiovasculares/diagnóstico , Doenças Cardiovasculares/prevenção & controle , Fatores de Risco , Tecido Adiposo , Peso Corporal , Jejum
3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38630567

RESUMO

The B-mode ultrasound based computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) has demonstrated its effectiveness for diagnosis of Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip (DDH) in infants, which can conduct the Graf's method by detecting landmarks in hip ultrasound images. However, it is still necessary to explore more valuable information around these landmarks to enhance feature representation for improving detection performance in the detection model. To this end, a novel Involution Transformer based U-Net (IT-UNet) network is proposed for hip landmark detection. The IT-UNet integrates the efficient involution operation into Transformer to develop an Involution Transformer module (ITM), which consists of an involution attention block and a squeeze-and-excitation involution block. The ITM can capture both the spatial-related information and long-range dependencies from hip ultrasound images to effectively improve feature representation. Moreover, an Involution Downsampling block (IDB) is developed to alleviate the issue of feature loss in the encoder modules, which combines involution and convolution for the purpose of downsampling. The experimental results on two DDH ultrasound datasets indicate that the proposed IT-UNet achieves the best landmark detection performance, indicating its potential applications.

4.
Compr Rev Food Sci Food Saf ; 23(3): e13342, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38634173

RESUMO

Mitochondrial dysfunction increasingly becomes a target for promoting healthy aging and longevity. The dysfunction of mitochondria with age ultimately leads to a decline in physical functions. Among them, biogenesis dysfunction and the imbalances in the metabolism of reactive oxygen species and mitochondria as signaling organelles in the aging process have aroused our attention. Dietary intervention in mitochondrial dysfunction and physical decline during aging processes is essential, and greater attention should be directed toward healthful legume intake. Legumes are constantly under investigation for their nutritional and bioactive properties, and their consumption may yield antiaging and mitochondria-protecting benefits. This review summarizes mitochondrial dysfunction with age, discusses the benefits of legumes on mitochondrial function, and introduces the potential role of legumes in managing aging-related physical decline. Additionally, it reveals the benefits of legume intake for the elderly and offers a viable approach to developing legume-based functional food.

5.
ACS Omega ; 9(14): 16810-16819, 2024 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38617601

RESUMO

Calcification roasting-acid leaching is a clean, efficient, and environmentally friendly process, but in the roasting process, the local temperature is often too high, the heat release is not timely, and the heat transfer is blocked. Furthermore, the material is easy to sinter, which affects the final vanadium extraction effect. In this paper, a small amount of CeO2 was introduced in the roasting process of vanadium slag to promote the calcified roasting. The results showed that the vanadium leaching rate reached 93.17% with the addition of 0.1 wt % CeO2 at a roasting temperature of 750 °C, which was higher than that obtained without CeO2 addition (90.00%). The results of XPS, XRD, and SEM-EDS analyses confirmed that adding CeO2 to the roasted clinker significantly increased the proportion of pentavalent vanadium to the total vanadium by up to 28.64%. O2-TPD analysis revealed an enhanced chemisorbed oxygen with the CeO2-assisted roasting, indicated the activation of oxygen by CeO2, and resulted in an enhanced oxidation of vanadium. The work in this paper establishes an alternative route for catalytic oxidation-enhanced vanadium slag roasting, which can improve the utilization of vanadium slag at relatively lower temperatures under the action of CeO2 and is of positive significance in solving the problems of sintering and energy consumption in the roasting process.

6.
Sci Total Environ ; 926: 171921, 2024 May 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38522525

RESUMO

Exposure to Cr and/or Ni can have widespread implications on the environment and health. However, the specific toxic effects of chronic Cr and Ni co-exposure on mice liver have not been reported. To ascertain the combined toxic effects of chronic Cr and Ni co-exposure on liver damage in mice, 80 6-week-old female C57BL/6 J mice were randomly divided into 4 groups: the Con group, Cr group (Cr+6 50 mg/L), Ni group (Ni+2 110 mg/L), and Cr + Ni group (Cr+6 50 mg/L + Ni+2 110 mg/L). The trial period lasted for 16 weeks. The results showed that Cr+6 and/or Ni+2 increased liver weight and liver index (P < 0.05) in mice, caused histological abnormality and ultrastructural damage, and micronutrients imbalance in mice liver. These findings serve as the basis for subsequent experiments. Compared with the individual exposure group, chronic Cr and Ni co-exposure resulted in decreased levels and activities of ALT, AST, MDA, T-AOC, and T-SOD (P < 0.05) in liver tissue, and decreased the mRNA expression levels of the TLR4/mTOR pathway related factors (TLR4, TRAM, TRIF, TBK-1, IRF-3, MyD88, IRAK-4, TRAF6, TAK-1, IKKß, NF-κB, IL-1ß, IL-6, TNFα, ULK1, Beclin 1, LC3) (P < 0.05) and decreased the protein expression levels of the factors (TLR4, MyD88, TRAF6, NF-κB p50, IL-6, TNFα, ULK1, LC3II/LC3I) (P < 0.05). Moreover, factorial analysis revealed the interaction between Cr and Ni, which was manifested as antagonistic effects on Cr concentration, Ni concentration, and TLR4, MyD88, NF-κB, mTOR, LC3, and p62 mRNA expression levels. In conclusion, the TLR4/mTOR pathway as a mechanism through which chronic Cr and Ni co-exposure induce liver inflammation and autophagy in mice, and there was an antagonistic effect between Cr and Ni. The above results provided a theoretical basis for understanding the underlying processes.


Assuntos
NF-kappa B , Transdução de Sinais , Camundongos , Feminino , Animais , Receptor 4 Toll-Like/metabolismo , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Fator 88 de Diferenciação Mieloide/metabolismo , Fator 6 Associado a Receptor de TNF/metabolismo , Fator 6 Associado a Receptor de TNF/farmacologia , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/metabolismo , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/farmacologia , Fígado/metabolismo , Inflamação/induzido quimicamente , Autofagia , RNA Mensageiro
7.
Heliyon ; 10(6): e27805, 2024 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38496850

RESUMO

Background: Ulcerative colitis (UC) is an inflammatory bowel disease characterized by persistent colonic inflammation. Here, we performed a systematic analysis to gain better insights into UC pathogenesis. Methods: We analyzed two UC-related datasets extracted from the gene expression omnibus database using several bioinformatics tools. The primary cell types and key subgroups of primary cells associated with UC and differentially expressed genes (DEGs) between UC and control samples were identified. The molecular regulation of the key genes was also predicted. The gene ontology and Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes enrichment analyses of marker genes of key cell subgroups and model genes were performed. The expression of key enriched genes was validated in 10 clinical samples using real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR). Results: Monocytes were identified as the major cell type. Ten differentially expressed marker genes were obtained by intersecting the 3121 DEGs, 38 marker genes in major cell types, and 104 marker genes in key cell subgroups. Four essential genes, associated with immune response, were obtained using support vector machine recursive feature elimination and least absolute shrinkage and selection operator analyses. The four essential genes were highly expressed in Cluster 0 during differentiation. Validation of the four key genes in colonic mucosal biopsy specimens from 10 normal and 10 UC patients revealed that CREM was highly expressed in both the lesion-free sites and lesion sites colonic mucosa of UC patients compared with normal adults. Conclusions: We identified CREM involved in UC pathogenesis, which is expected to provide a new therapeutic target for UC.

8.
Cell Commun Signal ; 22(1): 177, 2024 03 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38475811

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The incidence of multiple myeloma (MM), a type of blood cancer affecting monoclonal plasma cells, is rising. Although new drugs and therapies have improved patient outcomes, MM remains incurable. Recent studies have highlighted the crucial role of the chemokine network in MM's pathological mechanism. Gaining a better understanding of this network and creating an overview of chemokines in MM could aid in identifying potential biomarkers and developing new therapeutic strategies and targets. PURPOSE: To summarize the complicated role of chemokines in MM, discuss their potential as biomarkers, and introduce several treatments based on chemokines. METHODS: Pubmed, Web of Science, ICTRP, and Clinical Trials were searched for articles and research related to chemokines. Publications published within the last 5 years are selected. RESULTS: Malignant cells can utilize chemokines, including CCL2, CCL3, CCL5, CXCL7, CXCL8, CXCL12, and CXCL13 to evade apoptosis triggered by immune cells or medication, escape from bone marrow and escalate bone lesions. Other chemokines, including CXCL4, CCL19, and CXCL10, may aid in recruiting immune cells, increasing their cytotoxicity against cancer cells, and inducing apoptosis of malignant cells. CONCLUSION: Utilizing anti-tumor chemokines or blocking pro-tumor chemokines may provide new therapeutic strategies for managing MM. Inspired by developed CXCR4 antagonists, including plerixafor, ulocuplumab, and motixafortide, more small molecular antagonists or antibodies for pro-tumor chemokine ligands and their receptors can be developed and used in clinical practice. Along with inhibiting pro-tumor chemokines, studies suggest combining chemokines with chimeric antigen receptor (CAR)-T therapy is promising and efficient.


Assuntos
Compostos Heterocíclicos , Mieloma Múltiplo , Humanos , Mobilização de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Quimiocinas , Transdução de Sinais , Biomarcadores
9.
Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Basis Dis ; 1870(4): 167124, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38508474

RESUMO

Metastasis promotes the development of tumors and is a significant cause of gastric cancer death. For metastasis to proceed, tumor cells must become mobile by modulating their cytoskeleton. MICAL1 (Molecule Interacting with CasL1) is known as an actin cytoskeleton regulator, but the mechanisms by which it drives gastric cancer cell migration are still unclear. Analysis of gastric cancer tissues revealed that MICAL1 expression is dramatically upregulated in stomach adenocarcinoma (STAD) samples as compared to noncancerous stomach tissues. Patients with high MICAL1 expression had shorter overall survival (OS), post-progression survival (PPS) and first-progression survival (FPS) compared with patients with low MICAL1 expression. RNAi-mediated silencing of MICAL1 inhibited the expression of Vimentin, a protein involved in epithelial-mesenchymal transition. This effect correlates with a significant reduction in gastric cancer cell migration. MICAL1 overexpression reversed these preventive effects. Immunoprecipitation experiments and immunofluorescence assays revealed that PlexinA1 forms a complex with MICAL1. Importantly, specific inhibition of PlexinA1 blocked the Rac1 activation and ROS production, which, in turn, impaired MICAL1 protein stability by accelerating MICAL1 ubiquitin/proteasome-dependent degradation. Overexpression of PlexinA1 enhanced Rac1 activation, ROS production, MICAL1 and Vimentin expressions, and favored cell migration. In conclusion, this study identified MICAL1 as an important facilitator of gastric cancer cell migration, at least in part, by affecting Vimentin expression and PlexinA1 promotes gastric cancer cell migration by binding to and suppressing MICAL1 degradation in a Rac1/ROS-dependent manner.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Gástricas , Humanos , 60542 , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proteínas dos Microfilamentos/metabolismo , Oxigenases de Função Mista/metabolismo , Complexo de Endopeptidases do Proteassoma/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Neoplasias Gástricas/metabolismo , Ubiquitina/metabolismo , Vimentina/genética , Vimentina/metabolismo
10.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 328: 118117, 2024 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38548120

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Chuanxiong, a plant of the Umbelliferae family, is a genuine medicinal herb from Sichuan Province. Phthalides are one of its main active components and exhibit good protective effect against cerebrovascular diseases. However, the mechanism by which phthalides exert neuroprotective effects is still largely unclear. AIM OF THE STUDY: In this study, we extracted a phthalein component (named as QBT) from Ligusticum Chuanxiong, and investigated its neuroprotective effects against vascular dementia (VaD) rats and the underlying mechanism, focusing on the chemokine 12 (CXCL12)/chemokine (C-X-C motif) receptor 4 (CXCR4) axis. METHODS: A rat model of VaD was established, and treated with QBT. Cognitive dysfunction in VaD rats was assessed using the Y-maze, new object recognition, and Morris water maze tests. Neuronal damage and inflammatory response in VaD rats were examined through Nissl staining, immunofluorescence, enzyme-linked immunospecific assay, and western blotting analysis. Furthermore, the effects of QBT on CXCL12/CXCR4 axis and its downstream signaling pathways, Janus kinase 2 (JAK2)/signal transducers and activators of transcription 3 (STAT3) and phosphatidylinositol 3 kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (AKT)/nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB), were investigated in VaD rats and BV2 microglial cells exposed to oxygen glucose deprivation. RESULTS: QBT significantly alleviated cognitive dysfunction and neuronal damage in VaD rats, along with inhibition of VaD-induced over-activation of microglia and astrocytes and inflammatory response. Moreover, QBT exhibited anti-inflammatory effects by inhibiting the CXCL12/CXCR4 axis and its downstream JAK2/STAT3 and PI3K/AKT/NF-κB pathways, thereby attenuating the neuroinflammatory response both in vivo and in vitro. CONCLUSION: QBT effectively mitigated neuronal damage and cognitive dysfunction in VaD rats, exerting neuroprotective effects by suppressing neuroinflammatory response through inhibition of the CXCL12/CXCR4 axis.


Assuntos
Disfunção Cognitiva , Demência Vascular , Fármacos Neuroprotetores , Ratos , Animais , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Doenças Neuroinflamatórias , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Demência Vascular/tratamento farmacológico , Demência Vascular/metabolismo , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/farmacologia , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/uso terapêutico , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/metabolismo , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinase/metabolismo , Microglia , Disfunção Cognitiva/tratamento farmacológico , Disfunção Cognitiva/metabolismo , Quimiocina CXCL12/metabolismo
11.
BMC Psychol ; 12(1): 112, 2024 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38429758

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Identifying moral behavior in complex situations is the key ability for children to develop prosocial behavior. The theory of mind (ToM) and empathy provide the cognition and emotional motivation required for the development of moral sensitivity. In this study, we investigated the associations among ToM, empathy, and moral sensitivity and explored the possible differences between Chinese preschool children aged 4 and 5 years. METHODS: One hundred and thirty children completed the unexpected-content and change-of-location tasks as well as questionnaires about empathy and moral sensitivity individually. A one-way analysis of variance and the multi-group mediation SEM were used to examine the associations of the three variables and age differences. RESULTS: The scores of 5-year-old children in the dimensions of care, fairness, authority, and sanctity and the total score were higher than those of 4-year-old children. Moral sensitivity was positively correlated with both ToM and empathy after we controlled for verbal IQ and gender. Multigroup mediation analyses showed age-based differences in the associations among moral sensitivity, ToM, and empathy. Empathy's mediation effect was partial among 4-year-old children and complete among 5-year-old children. CONCLUSIONS: These findings contribute to understanding the cognitive and emotional factors in the formation of children's moral sensitivity. They also point to a promising approach to promoting the development of moral sensitivity and evidence for educators to understand the process of children's socialization.


Assuntos
Empatia , Teoria da Mente , Humanos , Pré-Escolar , Princípios Morais , Emoções , China
12.
J Pharm Biomed Anal ; 244: 116105, 2024 Mar 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38552420

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Actinidia arguta leaves (AAL) are traditionally consumed as a vegetable and as tea in folk China and Korea. Previous studies have reported the anti-diabetic effect of AAL, but its bioactive components and mechanism of action are still unclear. AIM OF THE STUDY: This study aims to identify the hypoglycemic active components of AAL by combining serum pharmacochemistry and network pharmacology and to elucidate its possible mechanism of action. METHODS: Firstly, the effective components in mice serum samples were characterized by UPLC-Q/TOF-MSE. Furthermore, based on these active ingredients, network pharmacology analysis was performed to establish an "H-C-T-P-D" interaction network and reveal possible biological mechanisms. Finally, the affinity between serum AAL components and the main proteins in the important pathways above was investigated through molecular docking analysis. RESULTS: Serum pharmacochemistry analysis showed that 69 compounds in the serum samples were identified, including 23 prototypes and 46 metabolites. The metabolic reactions mainly included deglycosylation, dehydration, hydrogenation, methylation, acetylation, glucuronidation, and sulfation. Network pharmacology analysis showed that the key components quercetin, pinoresinol diglucoside, and 5-O-trans-p-coumaroyl quinic acid butyl ester mainly acted on the core targets PTGS2, HRAS, RELA, PRKCA, and BCL2 targets and through the PI3K-Akt signaling pathway, endocrine resistance, and MAPK signaling pathway to exert a hypoglycemic effect. Likewise, molecular docking results showed that the three potential active ingredients had good binding effects on the five key targets. CONCLUSION: This study provides a basis for elucidating the pharmacodynamic substance basis of AA against T2DM and further exploring the mechanism of action.

13.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 162024 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38555532

RESUMO

PURPOSE: We aim to explore the effect of Chinese Patent Medicine (CPM), including Huisheng oral solution (HSOS) on the 4-year survival rate of patients with stage II and III non-small cell lung cancer, and assess the association between blood coagulation indicators and survival outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 313 patients diagnosed with stage II and III NSCLC were collected during 2015-2016. Kaplan-Meier method and Cox proportional hazard model were applied to analyze the factors affecting the 4-year survival rate of patients. RESULTS: According to the effect of CPM, the medicine prescribed in this study could be classified into two types. The proportion of patients who received "Fuzheng Quyu" CPM for more than three months was higher than the proportion of patients who received other two types of CPM for more than three months. Medical records of 313 patients with NSCLC were analyzed. 4-year survival rate for patients received CPM more than 6 months and 3 months were higher than those received CPM less than 3 months (P = 0.028 and P = 0.021 respectively. In addition, 4-year survival rate for patients who received HSOS for more than 3 months was higher than those who received HSOS for less than 3 months (P = 0.041). Patients with elevated preoperative fibrinogen (FIB) level and those without surgery had an increased mortality risk (HR = 1.98, P < 0.01, and HR = 2.76, P < 0.01 respectively). CONCLUSION: The medium and long-term use of CPM/HSOS was positively associated with higher survival rate in NSCLC patients. Patients with high-level preoperative FIB level and those without surgery might have a poor prognosis in the following years.

14.
Int J Biochem Cell Biol ; 170: 106567, 2024 Mar 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38522506

RESUMO

The diagnosis and treatment of biliary atresia pose challenges due to the absence of reliable biomarkers and limited understanding of its etiology. The plasma and liver of patients with biliary atresia exhibit elevated levels of neurotensin. To investigate the specific role of neurotensin in the progression of biliary atresia, the patient's liver pathological section was employed. Biliary organoids, cultured biliary cells, and a mouse model were employed to elucidate both the potential diagnostic significance of neurotensin and its underlying mechanistic pathway. In patients' blood, the levels of neurotensin were positively correlated with matrix metalloprotease-7, interleukin-8, and liver function enzymes. Neurotensin and neurotensin receptors were mainly expressed in the intrahepatic biliary cells and were stimulated by bile acids. Neurotensin suppressed the growth and increased expression of matrix metalloprotease-7 in biliary organoids. Neurotensin inhibited mitochondrial respiration, oxidative phosphorylation, and attenuated the activation of calmodulin-dependent kinase kinase 2-adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (CaMKK2-AMPK) signaling in cultured biliary cells. The stimulation of neurotensin in mice and cultured cholangiocytes resulted in the upregulation of matrix metalloprotease-7 expression through binding to its receptors, namely neurotensin receptors 1/3, thereby attenuating the activation of the CaMKK2-AMPK pathway. In conclusion, these findings revealed the changes of neurotensin in patients with cholestatic liver disease and its mechanism in the progression of the disease, providing a new understanding of the complex mechanism of hepatobiliary injury in children with biliary atresia.

15.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 5335, 2024 Mar 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38438435

RESUMO

Multi-modal sentiment analysis (MSA) aims to regress or classify the overall sentiment of utterances through acoustic, visual, and textual cues. However, most of the existing efforts have focused on developing the expressive ability of neural networks to learn the representation of multi-modal information within a single utterance, without considering the global co-occurrence characteristics of the dataset. To alleviate the above issue, in this paper, we propose a novel hierarchical graph contrastive learning framework for MSA, aiming to explore the local and global representations of a single utterance for multimodal sentiment extraction and the intricate relations between them. Specifically, regarding to each modality, we extract the discrete embedding representation of each modality, which includes the global co-occurrence features of each modality. Based on it, for each utterance, we build two graphs: local level graph and global level graph to account for the level-specific sentiment implications. Then, two graph contrastive learning strategies is adopted to explore the different potential presentations based on graph augmentations respectively. Furthermore, we design a cross-level comparative learning for learning local and global potential representations of complex relationships.

16.
RSC Adv ; 14(9): 5975-5980, 2024 Feb 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38362076

RESUMO

A versatile Ir(iii)-catalyzed C-H amidation of arenes by employing readily available and stable OH-free hydroxyamides as a novel amidation source. The reaction occurred with high efficiency and tolerance of a range of functional groups. A wide scope of aryl OH-free hydroxyzamides, including conjugated and challenging non-conjugated OH-free hydroxyzamides, were capable of this transformation and no addition of an external oxidant is required. This protocol provided a simple, straightforward and economic method to a variety N-(2-(1H-pyrazol-1-yl)alkyl)amide derivates with good to excellent yield. Mechanistic study demonstrated that reversible C-H bond functionalisation might be involved in this reaction.

17.
Cancer Cell Int ; 24(1): 71, 2024 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38347631

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Gastric cancer (GC) stands as a prevalent and deadly global malignancy. Despite its role as a preoperative neoadjuvant therapy, Apatinib's effectiveness is curtailed among GC patients exhibiting elevated YY1 expression. YY1's connection to adverse prognosis, drug resistance, and GC metastasis is established, yet the precise underlying mechanisms remain elusive. This study aims to unravel potential pathogenic pathways attributed to YY1. DESIGN: Utilizing bioinformatics analysis, we conducted differentially expressed genes, functional annotation, and pathway enrichment analyses, and further validation through cellular and animal experiments. RESULTS: Higher YY1 expression correlated with diminished postoperative progression-free survival (PFS) and disease-specific survival (DSS) rates in TCGA analysis, identifying YY1 as an independent DSS indicator in gastric cancer (GC) patients. Notably, YY1 exhibited significantly elevated expression in tumor tissues compared to adjacent normal tissues. Bioinformatics analysis revealed noteworthy differentially expressed genes (DEGs), transcriptional targets, factors, and co-expressed genes associated with YY1. LASSO Cox analysis unveiled Transferrin as a prospective pivotal protein regulated by YY1, with heightened expression linked to adverse DSS and PFS outcomes. YY1's role in governing the p53 signaling pathway and ferroptosis in GC cells was further elucidated. Moreover, YY1 overexpression dampened immune cell infiltration within GC tumors. Additionally, YY1 overexpression hindered GC cell ferroptosis and mediated Apatinib resistance via the p53 pathway. Remarkably, IFN-a demonstrated efficacy in reversing Apatinib resistance and immune suppression in GC tissues. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings underscore the pivotal role of YY1 in driving GC progression and influencing prognosis, thus pinpointing it as a promising therapeutic target to enhance patient outcomes.

18.
Asia Pac J Oncol Nurs ; 11(2): 100365, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38304226

RESUMO

Objective: Cases of scientific misconduct have occurred frequently, especially in the field of medical research. We collected electronic questionnaires from 1257 medical staff in 43 cities and obtained a cross-sectional data set of their understanding of scientific integrity in research. This study aims to propose recommendations for establishing a mature oversight system for research integrity. Methods: The study employed multiple regression analysis to explore the effect of different factors on the perception of four types of research integrity. Results: Female participants had a higher understanding of project application integrity than men (P < â€‹ 0.001). Participants in clinical departments had a lower understanding of project application integrity than those in nursing departments (clinical vs. nursing, P â€‹= 0.046). Participants with a junior college degree or below had a lower understanding than those who had a postgraduate degree and doctoral degree (junior college or below vs. postgraduate degree, P â€‹< â€‹0.001; junior college or below vs. doctoral degree, P â€‹< â€‹0.001). Conclusions: We found that female, medical technology department, advanced education background, and advanced professional titles were significantly associated with a higher understanding of scientific integrity in research in China.

19.
Cell Rep ; 43(2): 113766, 2024 Feb 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38349792

RESUMO

Deep brain stimulation (DBS) in the basal lateral amygdala (BLA) has been established to correct symptoms of refractory post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). However, how BLA DBS operates in correcting PTSD symptoms and how the BLA elicits pathological fear and anxiety in PTSD remain unclear. Here, we discover that excitatory synaptic transmission from the BLA projection neurons (PNs) to the adBNST, and lateral central amygdala (CeL) is greatly suppressed in a mouse PTSD model induced by foot shock (FS). BLA DBS revises the weakened inputs from the BLA to these two areas to improve fear and anxiety. Optogenetic manipulation of the BLA-adBNST and BLA-CeL circuits shows that both circuits are responsible for anxiety but the BLA-CeL for fear in FS mice. Our results reveal that synaptic transmission dysregulation of the BLA-adBNST or BLA-CeL circuits is reversed by BLA DBS, which improves anxiety and fear in the FS mouse model.


Assuntos
Ansiedade , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos , Animais , Camundongos , Ansiedade/terapia , , Medo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Transmissão Sináptica
20.
J Neurotrauma ; 2024 Feb 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38326935

RESUMO

Hemorrhagic progression of contusion (HPC) often occurs early in cerebral contusions (CC) patients, significantly impacting their prognosis. It is vital to promptly assess HPC and predict outcomes for effective tailored interventions, thereby enhancing prognosis in CC patients. We utilized the Attention-3DUNet neural network to semi-automatically segment hematomas from computed tomography (CT) images of 452 CC patients, incorporating 695 hematomas. Subsequently, 1502 radiomic features were extracted from 358 hematomas in 261 patients. After a selection process, these features were used to calculate the radiomic signature (Radscore). The Radscore, along with clinical features such as medical history, physical examinations, laboratory results, and radiological findings, was employed to develop predictive models. For prognosis (discharge Glasgow Outcome Scale score), radiomic features of each hematoma were augmented and fused for correlation. We employed various machine learning methodologies to create both a combined model, integrating radiomics and clinical features, and a clinical-only model. Nomograms based on logistic regression were constructed to visually represent the predictive procedure, and external validation was performed on 170 patients from three additional centers. The results showed that for HPC, the combined model, incorporating hemoglobin levels, Rotterdam CT score of 3, multi-hematoma fuzzy sign, concurrent subdural hemorrhage, international normalized ratio, and Radscore, achieved area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) values of 0.848 and 0.836 in the test and external validation cohorts, respectively. The clinical model predicting prognosis, utilizing age, Abbreviated Injury Scale for the head, Glasgow Coma Scale Motor component, Glasgow Coma Scale Verbal component, albumin, and Radscore, attained AUC values of 0.846 and 0.803 in the test and external validation cohorts, respectively. Selected radiomic features indicated that irregularly shaped and highly heterogeneous hematomas increased the likelihood of HPC, while larger weighted axial lengths and lower densities of hematomas were associated with a higher risk of poor prognosis. Predictive models that combine radiomic and clinical features exhibit robust performance in forecasting HPC and the risk of poor prognosis in CC patients. Radiomic features complement clinical features in predicting HPC, although their ability to enhance the predictive accuracy of the clinical model for adverse prognosis is limited.

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