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1.
Am J Cancer Res ; 14(3): 1316-1337, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38590398

RESUMO

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a prevalent and deadly form of cancer globally with typically unfavorable outcomes. Increasing research suggests that lactate serves as an important carbon contributor to cellular metabolism and holds a crucial part in the progression, sustenance, and treatment response of tumors. However, the contribution of lactate-related genes (LRGs) in HCC is still unclear. In this study, we analyzed TCGA datasets and screened 21 differentially expressed LRGs related to long-term survivals in HCC patients. Pan-cancer assays revealed that 21 LRGs expression exhibited a dysregulated level in man types of tumors and associated with clinical prognosis of tumor patients. The analysis of 21 LRGs successfully classified HCC samples into two molecular subtypes, and these two subtypes showed significant differences in clinical information, gene expression, and immune characteristics. Subsequently, based on the aforementioned 21 LRGs, a novel prognostic signature (DTYMK, IRAK1, POLRMT, MPV17, UQCRH, PDSS1, SLC16A3, SPP1 and LDHD) was generated by LASSO-Cox regression analysis. Survival assays demonstrated that the signature performed well in predicting the overall survival of patients with HCC. The results of Gene Set Variation Analysis indicated that the high GSVA scores were associated with poor prognosis. Moreover, we also investigated the correlation between GSVA scores and various signaling pathways in HCC. Among the nine prognostic genes, our attention focused on POLRMT which was highly expressed in HCC specimens based on TCGA datasets and several HCC cell lines. In addition, functional assays indicated that POLRMT distinctly promoted the proliferation, migration and energy metabolism of HCC cells via regulating Wnt/ß-Catenin signaling. Overall, through the establishment of a novel prognostic signature, we have provided potential clinical value for assessing the prognosis of HCC patients. Furthermore, our study has identified the high expression of POLRMT in HCC and demonstrated its crucial role in HCC cell proliferation. These findings hold great importance in advancing our understanding of the pathophysiology of HCC, identifying new therapeutic targets, and improving patient survival rates.

2.
Small ; : e2311869, 2024 Mar 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38497499

RESUMO

2D transition metal carbides and/or nitrides, MXenes, are a class of widely studied materials with great potential for energy storage applications. The control of surface chemistry is an effective approach for preparing novel MXenes and modifying their electrochemical properties. However, an in-depth and systematic atomic-scale study of the effect of surface termination on MXene stability and electrochemical performance is scarce and thus is highly desired. Here, through high-throughput first-principles calculations, 28 stable chalcogen-functionalized M2 CTz (M = V, Nb, and Ta, T = S, Se, and Te) under different chemical environments are identified. The reduction of termination coverage improves electrical conductivity but weakens in-plane stiffness. Intriguingly, based on charge transfer mechanism, the diffusion barrier of lithium/sodium atoms on the M2 CTz exhibits a volcano-like relationship with termination coverage, and the ion diffusion channel formed in half termination coverage greatly accelerates lithium ion diffusion and returns to or exceeds sodium ion diffusion rate at full termination coverage. V2 CSe2 /Nb2 CSz not only displays the large lithium/sodium capacity (592/409-466 mAhg-1 ) but also exhibits low barrier energy and open-circuit voltage, suggesting a promising candidate anode material for lithium/sodium-ion batteries. These findings provide insights into the design and fabrication of MXenes and tuning the electrochemical performance of MXenes by controlling termination coverage.

3.
ACS Nano ; 2024 Feb 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38321605

RESUMO

Given the multifactorial pathogenesis of atherosclerosis (AS), a chronic inflammatory disease, combination therapy arises as a compelling approach to effectively address the complex interplay of pathogenic mechanisms for a more desired treatment outcome. Here, we present cRGD/ASOtDON, a nanoformulation based on a self-assembled DNA origami nanostructure for the targeted combination therapy of AS. cRGD/ASOtDON targets αvß3 integrin receptors overexpressed on pro-inflammatory macrophages and activated endothelial cells in atherosclerotic lesions, alleviates the oxidative stress induced by extracellular and endogenous reactive oxygen species, facilitates the polarization of pro-inflammatory macrophages toward the anti-inflammatory M2 phenotype, and inhibits foam cell formation by promoting cholesterol efflux from macrophages by downregulating miR-33. The antiatherosclerotic efficacy and safety profile of cRGD/ASOtDON, as well as its mechanism of action, were validated in an AS mouse model. cRGD/ASOtDON treatment reversed AS progression and restored normal morphology and tissue homeostasis of the diseased artery. Compared to probucol, a clinical antiatherosclerotic drug with a similar mechanism of action, cRGD/ASOtDON enabled the desired therapeutic outcome at a notably lower dosage. This study demonstrates the benefits of targeted combination therapy in AS management and the potential of self-assembled DNA nanoformulations in addressing multifactorial inflammatory conditions.

5.
Sci Adv ; 10(7): eadi5501, 2024 Feb 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38354243

RESUMO

Osteoarthritis (OA) is characterized by cartilage damage, inflammation, and pain. Vascular endothelial growth factor receptors (VEGFRs) have been associated with OA severity, suggesting that inhibitors targeting these receptors alleviate pain (via VEGFR1) or cartilage degeneration (via VEGFR2). We have developed a nanoparticle-based formulation of pazopanib (Votrient), an FDA-approved anticancer drug that targets both VEGFR1 and VEGFR2 (Nano-PAZII). We demonstrate that a single intraarticular injection of Nano-PAZII can effectively reduce joint pain for a prolonged time without substantial side effects in two different preclinical OA rodent models involving either surgical (upon partial medial meniscectomy) or nonsurgical induction (with monoiodoacetate). The injection of Nano-PAZII blocks VEGFR1 and relieves OA pain by suppressing sensory neuronal ingrowth into the knee synovium and neuronal plasticity in the dorsal root ganglia and spinal cord. Simultaneously, the inhibition of VEGFR2 reduces cartilage degeneration. These findings provide a mechanism-based disease-modifying drug strategy that addresses both pain symptoms and cartilage loss in OA.


Assuntos
Osteoartrite , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular , Animais , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo , Osteoartrite/tratamento farmacológico , Osteoartrite/etiologia , Osteoartrite/metabolismo , Dor/tratamento farmacológico , Dor/etiologia , Articulação do Joelho/metabolismo , Artralgia , Modelos Animais de Doenças
6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 103(1): e36722, 2024 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38181263

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown that traditional Chinese medicine decoction (TCMD) could ameliorate the clinical symptoms and laboratory indicators of gouty arthritis (GA) patients. However, few investigations have been conducted on the efficacy and safety of TCMD for GA, the underlying mechanism of TCMD for GA, and the relationship between the TCMD active ingredients and GA targets. METHODS: Randomized controlled trials of TCMD for GA were retrieved from Chinese and English databases. Meta-analysis was conducted by Stata 17 software. Potential sources of heterogeneity were identified through subgroup analysis, meta-regression, and heterogeneity test. Publication bias was assessed by Egger's test and funnel plots. The ingredients and targets related to TCMD and GA were obtained from multiple databases, such as TCMSP and DrugBank. The protein-protein interaction network, GO and KEGG analysis was constructed using STRING and DAVID. Molecular docking and visualization of the results were completed by AutoDock and PyMOL software. RESULTS: Eighty-four studies were included, involving 7151 patients and 10 outcome indicators. Meta-analysis showed that, compared to routine treatment, TCMD could better reduce the incidence of adverse events and the level of laboratory indicators including blood uric acid (BUA), C-reactive protein (CRP), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), interleukin 6 (IL-6), interleukin 8 (IL-8), interleukin 1ß (IL-1ß), and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α). In the section of network pharmacology, we retrieved 150 active ingredients and 303 target genes from the top 10 herbs in 84 studies, as well as 3082 disease targets and 195 cross targets of the herbs and GA. The top ranked ingredients, intersection targets, and signaling pathways included quercetin, kaempferol, and wogonin; AKT1, TNF, and TP53; as well as IL-17, HIF-1, and PI3K-AKT, etc. Among the 81 molecular docking results, we visualized 10 results with low binding energy, including IL1B and beta-sitosterol, MYC and beta-sitosterol, etc. CONCLUSION: TCMD could be a satisfactory complementary and alternative therapy for GA. However, it should be verified by further studies. Future research could be conducted from the following active ingredients, targets, and signal pathways, such as wogonin, sitosterol, and sitosterol; AKT1, TNF, IL6, and TP53; and IL-17, HIF-1, and PI3K-AKT signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Artrite Gotosa , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Humanos , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Interleucina-17 , Sitosteroides , Artrite Gotosa/tratamento farmacológico , Metanálise em Rede , Farmacologia em Rede , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt
7.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 2024 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38230488

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In East Asia, Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection and related diseases are common, primarily during childhood and adolescence. The rates of primary antibiotic resistance in H. pylori among East Asian children and adolescents have not been extensively explored; few relevant systematic reviews or meta-analyses have been conducted. We evaluated the rates of antibiotic resistance in H. pylori among East Asian children and adolescents, with the goal of facilitating individualized treatment recommendations. METHODS: We searched PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library for studies in any language published up to February 2023 that explored antibiotic resistance in H. pylori among East Asian children and adolescents. We used MeSH and non-MeSH terms related to the topic, including terms related to children, adolescents, antibiotic resistance, H. pylori, and nations or regions. Additionally, we reviewed the reference lists of relevant articles. Studies that matched our strict predefined eligibility criteria were included in the screening process. Using established assessment methods, we evaluated the quality of the included studies. RESULTS: We identified 15 observational studies involving 4831 H. pylori isolates, all published between 2001 and 2022. There was substantial primary antibiotic resistance in H. pylori isolates from East Asian children and adolescents. The rates of primary resistance were 51% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 40-62%) for metronidazole; 37% (95% CI: 20-53%) for clarithromycin; 19% (95% CI: 11-28%) for levofloxacin; and less than 3% each for amoxicillin, tetracycline, and furazolidone. Subgroup analysis revealed a prominent increase in metronidazole resistance over time. Clarithromycin and levofloxacin resistance rates fluctuated between 2005 and 2015, then remained stable; other antibiotic resistance rates were generally stable. Metronidazole, clarithromycin, and levofloxacin resistance rates were significantly higher in the Chinese mainland than in other East Asian regions. The rates of dual and multiple antibiotic resistance were 28% (95% CI: 21-36%) and 10% (95% CI: 7-14%), highlighting the potential for diverse resistance patterns. CONCLUSIONS: H. pylori isolates from East Asian children and adolescents exhibit high levels of metronidazole and clarithromycin resistance, particularly in the Chinese mainland. The non-negligible rates of dual and multiple resistance highlight the complexity of this problem. REGISTRATION: PROSPERO, No. IDCRD42023402510.

8.
Inorg Chem ; 63(6): 3181-3190, 2024 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38294826

RESUMO

Phthalocyanines have been widely investigated as electrochromic materials because of their large conjugated structure. However, they have shown limited applicability due to their complex electrochromism mechanism and low solubility in common organic solvents. Replacement of central metal ions in phthalocyanines affects their stability and is responsible for various electrochromic phenomena, such as color change. Herein, the relationship between the electron d-orbital arrangement in the outermost layer of transition metals and the electrochromic stability of phthalocyanine derivatives has been investigated. An enhanced solubility of phthalocyanines in organic solvents was obtained through the introduction of quaternary tert-butyl substitution. Electrochromic devices fabricated with transition-metal phthalocyanine derivatives showed high response speeds and good stability. The fast color-switching feature between blue/green and blue/purple makes it a promising candidate for smart windows and adaptive camouflage applications.

9.
Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis ; 108(1): 116119, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37890308

RESUMO

To evaluate the diagnostic value of combining HPV E6/E7 mRNA testing with Thin-Prep cytology (TCT) for residual/recurrence detection, a total of 289 patients who underwent loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP) for high-grade cervical lesions were included. Patients were followed up at different time points, and residual/recurrent lesions were confirmed through vaginoscopy. TCT, HPV-DNA, and HPV E6/E7 mRNA tests were conducted. Diagnostic performance, including sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, and accuracy, was assessed. Among the patients, 76 cases showed residual lesions/recurrence, while 213 cases showed no residual/recurrence. Positive margins in the cervical-vaginal and cervical canal areas were associated with a higher risk of residual/recurrence. The combined HPV E6/E7 mRNA and TCT test showed higher diagnostic efficacy than individual tests at 6-, 12-, and 24-months follow-up. The combined test consistently demonstrated higher specificity and sensitivity, with significantly larger area under the curve (AUC) values compared to the individual tests.


Assuntos
Proteínas Oncogênicas Virais , Infecções por Papillomavirus , Displasia do Colo do Útero , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/diagnóstico , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/cirurgia , Eletrocirurgia , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Infecções por Papillomavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Papillomavirus/cirurgia , Displasia do Colo do Útero/diagnóstico , Displasia do Colo do Útero/patologia , Displasia do Colo do Útero/cirurgia , Proteínas Oncogênicas Virais/genética , Papillomaviridae/genética , DNA Viral/genética
10.
Nanoscale ; 16(3): 1188-1196, 2024 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38113050

RESUMO

Generating diverse ferroelectric ice nanotubes (NTs) efficiently has always been challenging, but matters in nanomaterial synthesis and processing technology. In the present work, we propose a method of growing ice NT forests in a single cooling process. A three-dimensional (3D) graphene structure was selected to behave as a representative container in which a batch of (5, 0) ice NTs was formed simultaneously under the cooling process from molecular dynamics simulation. Other similar 3D graphene structures but with different hole configurations, like uniform triangle or both triangle and pentagon, were also tested, revealing that ice NTs with different tube indices, i.e. both (3, 0) and (5, 0), could also be formed at the same time. Intriguingly, the orientations of the dipole moments of the water molecules of an ice NT formed were independent of each other, making the net ferroelectricity of the whole system weakened or even cancelled. An electric field could help change the orientation of the water molecules of the already obtained ice NTs and even twist the tube to be a spiral (5, 1) one if it was applied during the cooling process, such that the net ferroelectricity was greatly improved. The underlying physical mechanism of all phase transition phenomena, including the improvement of the ferroelectricity under an electric field, were explored in depth from the phase transition curves and structural point of view. The obtained results are of significant application value for improving the preparation efficiency of nano-ferroelectric materials, which are prosperous in nano-devices.

11.
Materials (Basel) ; 16(21)2023 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37959578

RESUMO

Pressure-induced phases of ZnO have attracted considerable attention owing to their excellent electronic and optical properties. This study provides a vital insight into the electronic structure, optical characteristics, and structural properties of the AsTi (Bi) phase of ZnO under high pressure via the DFT-based first-principles approach. The phase transformation from BN(Bk) to the Bi phase of ZnO is estimated at 16.1 GPa using local density approximation, whereas the properties are explored precisely by the hybrid functional B3LYP. The electronic structure exploration confirms that the Bi phase is an insulator with a wider direct bandgap, which expands by increasing pressure. The dielectric function evidenced that the Bi phase behaves as a dielectric in the visible region and a metallic material at 18 eV. Optical features such as the refractive index and loss function revealed the transparent nature of the Bi phase in the UV range. Moreover, the considered Bi phase is found to possess a high absorption coefficient in the ultraviolet region. This research provides strong theoretical support for the development of Bi-phase ZnO-based optoelectronic and photovoltaic devices.

12.
World J Gastrointest Oncol ; 15(10): 1706-1716, 2023 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37969410

RESUMO

Inositol polyphosphate-4-phosphatase type II (INPP4B) is a newly discovered PI(3,4,5)P3 phosphatase. Many studies have revealed that INPP4B is upregulated or downregulated in tumors of the digestive system, and the abnormal expression of INPP4B may be attributed to the occurrence, development, and prognosis of tumors of the digestive system. This paper reviews studies on the correlations between INPP4B and digestive system tumors and the roles of INPP4B in the development of different tumors to provide a theoretical basis for further research on its molecular mechanism and clinical application. "INPP4B" and "tumor" were searched as key words in PubMed and in the CNKI series full text database retrieval system from January 2000 to August 2023. A total of 153 English-language studies and 30 Chinese-language studies were retrieved. The following enrollment criteria were applied: (1) Studies contained information on the biological structure and functions of INPP4B; (2) studies covered the influence of abnormal expression of INPP4B in digestive system tumors; and (3) studies covered the role of INPP4B in the diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis of digestive system tumors. After excluding the literature irrelevant to this study, 61 papers were finally included in the analysis. INPP4B expression is low in gastric cancer, colon cancer, pancreatic cancer, and liver cancer but it has high expression in esophageal cancer, colon cancer, pancreatic cancer, and gallbladder cancer. INPP4B is involved in the occurrence and development of digestive system tumors through the regulation of gene expression and signal transduction. The abnormal expression of INPP4B plays an important role in the development of digestive system tumors. Studies on INPP4B provide new molecular insights for the diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis evaluation of digestive system tumors.

13.
Acta Pharm Sin B ; 13(11): 4621-4637, 2023 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37969730

RESUMO

Hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) represent a significant component of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) microenvironments which play a critical role in tumor progression and drug resistance. Tumor-on-a-chip technology has provided a powerful in vitro platform to investigate the crosstalk between activated HSCs and HCC cells by mimicking physiological architecture with precise spatiotemporal control. Here we developed a tri-cell culture microfluidic chip to evaluate the impact of HSCs on HCC progression. On-chip analysis revealed activated HSCs contributed to endothelial invasion, HCC drug resistance and natural killer (NK) cell exhaustion. Cytokine array and RNA sequencing analysis were combined to indicate the iron-binding protein LIPOCALIN-2 (LCN-2) as a key factor in remodeling tumor microenvironments in the HCC-on-a-chip. LCN-2 targeted therapy demonstrated robust anti-tumor effects both in vitro 3D biomimetic chip and in vivo mouse model, including angiogenesis inhibition, sorafenib sensitivity promotion and NK-cell cytotoxicity enhancement. Taken together, the microfluidic platform exhibited obvious advantages in mimicking functional characteristics of tumor microenvironments and developing targeted therapies.

14.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 102(47): e35973, 2023 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38013344

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Guizhi-Shaoyao-Zhimu decoction (GSZD) is a Chinese herb formula. Previous studies have reported that the clinical symptoms and laboratory indicators of gouty arthritis patients could be improved by GSZD. However, no previous study has evaluated and analyzed its efficacy, safety, underlying mechanisms, and the relationship between related ingredients of herbs and targets of gouty arthritis. METHODS: Randomized controlled trials of GSZD for gouty arthritis were retrieved from various databases. Meta-analysis was performed by Stata 17 software. Galbraith plot was used to find studies with possible heterogeneity. Publication bias was assessed by Egger test and funnel plot. The related ingredients of herbs and the targets of herbs and gouty arthritis were obtained from several databases, such as TCMSP, HERB, and DrugBank. The protein-protein interaction network was conducted by the STRING platform. DAVID database was used to perform GO and KEGG analysis. Molecular docking and visualization of docking results were carried out by AutoDock and PyMOL software. RESULTS: Twenty studies with 1633 patients were included. Meta-analysis indicated that GSZD could better improve the clinical efficiency and visual analogue scale score, and reduce the level of blood uric acid and inflammatory biomarkers (including C-reactive protein, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, interleukin 6, interleukin 8, and tumor necrosis factor-α) than conventional treatment. In addition, we retrieved 157 active compounds, 517 herb target genes, 3082 disease targets, and 295 intersection targets of herb and disease. The results of network pharmacology analysis showed that the core related ingredients included quercetin, kaempferol, sitosterol, luteolin, catechin, etc. The core intersection targets contained AKT1, TNF-α, TP53, IL6, etc. And the critical signaling pathways included IL-17, HIF-1, TNF, PI3K-Akt, etc. Among the 56 molecular docking results, only 8 results had binding energy values greater than -5.0 kcal/mol. CONCLUSION: GSZD could be a satisfactory complementary and alternative therapy for treating gouty arthritis. However, it should be verified by further studies. Future research on gouty arthritis could be conducted from the active components including beta-sitosterol and sitosterol, the targets including TNF-1, IL1B, and ESR1, and the signaling pathways including IL-17 and HIF-1.


Assuntos
Artrite Gotosa , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Humanos , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Interleucina-17 , Sitosteroides , Artrite Gotosa/tratamento farmacológico , Metanálise em Rede , Farmacologia em Rede , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases , Resultado do Tratamento , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa
15.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 102(44): e35513, 2023 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37933004

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Duhuo-Jisheng decoction (DJD) is a Chinese herb formula. Previous studies have reported that the clinical symptoms and laboratory indicators of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients could be improved by DJD. However, the existing evidence was not robust enough and controversial. METHODS: Randomized controlled trials of DJD for RA were retrieved from Chinese and English databases from their inception to April 16, 2023. Meta-analysis was performed by Stata 17 software. We used subgroup analysis, meta-regression, and sensitivity analysis to identify potential sources of heterogeneity. The subgroup analysis and meta-regression were conducted from 6 aspects, including age, course of disease, course of treatment, interventions used in the experimental or control group, and random sequence generation. Galbraith plot was used to find studies with possible heterogeneity. Publication bias was assessed by Egger's test and funnel plots when the number of relevant studies was greater than or equal to 10. RESULTS: Forty-two studies were included, involving 3635 patients and 19 outcome indicators. Meta-analysis showed that, compared with the routine disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (rDMARDs), DJD could better improve the level of laboratory indicators, main symptoms and signs, and questionnaire scores of RA patients. The laboratory indicators included rheumatoid factor, T lymphocyte subpopulation (including CD4+, CD8+, and CD4+/CD8+), and inflammatory biomarkers (including erythrocyte sedimentation rate, C-reactive protein, tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin 6, interleukin 1ß, and interleukin 1). The main symptoms and signs included the duration of morning stiffness, the number of joint tenderness, the number of swollen joints, and the grip strength of both hands. The questionnaire included visual analogue scale, health assessment questionnaire, and disease activity score in 28 joints. In addition, the adverse events of DJD treatment were significantly lower than those of rDMARDs. However, the results of a few subgroup analyses differed from the overall results. Furthermore, the publication bias assessment showed that, out of 11 evaluated results, 4 had publication bias. CONCLUSION: DJD could be a satisfactory complementary and alternative therapy for RA. However, due to a small number of subgroup analysis results being different from the overall results, it should be verified by further studies.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos , Artrite Reumatoide , Humanos , Antirreumáticos/efeitos adversos , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Força da Mão , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
16.
Pak J Pharm Sci ; 36(3(Special)): 1001-1007, 2023 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37587710

RESUMO

This study was to evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of fluticasone/ salmeterol inhalation powder plus Huaiqihuang Granules for children with cough variant asthma (CVA). From June 2019 to May 2021, 60 children with CVA were hospitalized to the Pediatrics Department of Cangzhou Central Hospital and randomized to the observation (fluticasone/salmeterol inhalation powder plus huaiqihuang granules) and control group (fluticasone/salmeterol inhalation powder) using the random number table method. The outcome measures include clinical efficacy, forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume per second (FEV1), peak expiratory flow (PEF), FeNO, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), interleukin-17 (IL-17) and IL-23, airway anatomical indicators and T lymphocyte subsets levels. Both groups exhibited remarkable improvements in FVC, FEV1, PEF and FeNO and hs-CRP, IL-17 and IL-23, with higher FVC, FEV1 and PEF and lower FeNO, hs-CRP, IL-17 and IL-23 in the observation group (all P<0.05). Significantly higher levels of CD4+ and CD4+/CD8+ were observed in the observation group versus control group, but lower airway wall thickness, basement membrane thickness, total airway wall area and CD8+ in the observation group (all P<0.05). Fluticasone/salmeterol inhalation powder plus Huaiqihuang Granules improves lung function, FeNO and airway inflammation in children with CVA and boosts cellular and humoral immune function.


Assuntos
Asma , Interleucina-17 , Criança , Humanos , Fluticasona , Pós , Proteína C-Reativa , Tosse , Resultado do Tratamento , Asma/tratamento farmacológico , Xinafoato de Salmeterol , Interleucina-23
17.
Comput Biol Med ; 164: 107372, 2023 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37597410

RESUMO

Accurate prediction of drug-target affinity (DTA) plays a crucial role in drug discovery and development. Recently, deep learning methods have shown excellent predictive performance on randomly split public datasets. However, verifications are still required on this splitting method to reflect real-world problems in practical applications. And in a cold-start experimental setup, where drugs or proteins in the test set do not appear in the training set, the performance of deep learning models often significantly decreases. This indicates that improving the generalization ability of the models remains a challenge. To this end, in this study, we propose ColdDTA: using data augmentation and attention-based feature fusion to improve the generalization ability of predicting drug-target binding affinity. Specifically, ColdDTA generates new drug-target pairs by removing subgraphs of drugs. The attention-based feature fusion module is also used to better capture the drug-target interactions. We conduct cold-start experiments on three benchmark datasets, and the consistency index (CI) and mean square error (MSE) results on the Davis and KIBA datasets show that ColdDTA outperforms the five state-of-the-art baseline methods. Meanwhile, the results of area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC-AUC) on the BindingDB dataset show that ColdDTA also has better performance on the classification task. Furthermore, visualizing the model weights allows for interpretable insights. Overall, ColdDTA can better solve the realistic DTA prediction problem. The code has been available to the public.


Assuntos
Benchmarking , Descoberta de Drogas , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos , Resolução de Problemas , Curva ROC
18.
J Gastroenterol ; 58(11): 1124-1133, 2023 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37578536

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is one of the most common functional bowel disorders, but its pathogenesis remains unknown. Its development may be linked to intestinal dysmetabolism, directly and indirectly. The present study aimed to screen the differentially expressed small molecular substances in the mucosa of the colon between IBS with diarrhea (IBS-D) patients and healthy subjects and explore the pathogenesis of IBS-D. METHODS: In this pilot study, the metabolites of colonic mucosa in ten patients with IBS-D and six healthy controls (HC) were analyzed by DESI-MSI. We also mapped the spatial distribution of the screened differential metabolites from samples of the IBS-D group and HC group. RESULTS: The results showed that 20 metabolites in the colonic mucosa of IBS-D were significantly more abundant, while the other 77 substances were significantly reduced. Enrichment analysis of 97 differential metabolites and KEGG pathway analysis revealed that six medium-chain and long-chain fatty acids were determined to be most overrepresented in the IBS-D group compared to the HC group. Four of these six fatty acids are all PUFAs. The DESI-MSI results suggested that these fatty acids were localized in the colonic mucosa and confirmed the differences in these fatty acids between IBS-D and HC. CONCLUSIONS: Medium-chain and long-chain fatty acids localized in the colonic mucosa are likely to be potential indicators for the differentiation of IBS-D from healthy subjects which may have implications in the mechanisms and possible preventive measures against IBS. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRY REGISTRATION NUMBER: ChiCTR2200060224.

19.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 652(Pt A): 653-662, 2023 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37543477

RESUMO

Ensuring the consumption rate of noble metals while guaranteeing satisfactory hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) performance at different pH values is imperative to the development of Ru-based catalysts. Herein, we design a Mott-Schottky electrocatalyst (Ru/CeO2) with a built-in electric field (BEF) based on density functional theory (DFT). The Ru/CeO2 achieves the criterion current density of 10 mA cm-2 at overpotentials of 55 mV, 80 mV, and 120 mV in alkaline, acidic and neutral media, respectively. Both theoretical calculations and experimental analysis confirm that the improved HER activity in the Ru/CeO2 catalyst could be due to the successful construction of BEF at the interface between the prepared Ru clusters and CeO2. Under the action of BEF, the electron-deficient Ru atoms can optimize the adsorption energy of H* and H2O and thus promote HER kinetics. Furthermore, the Ru/CeO2 catalyst delivers a power density of approximately 94.5 mW cm-2 in alkaline-acidic Zn-H2O cell applications while maintaining good H2 production stability. In this work, we optimize the electrocatalytic performance of the Ru/CeO2 catalyst through examination of the interfacial BEF electrical charge, which combines hydrogen production with power generation and provides a promising method for sustainable energy conversion.

20.
Acta Pharm Sin B ; 13(6): 2510-2543, 2023 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37425051

RESUMO

CRISPR, as an emerging gene editing technology, has been widely used in multiple fields due to its convenient operation, less cost, high efficiency and precision. This robust and effective device has revolutionized the development of biomedical research at an unexpected speed in recent years. The development of intelligent and precise CRISPR delivery strategies in a controllable and safe manner is the prerequisite for translational clinical medicine in gene therapy field. In this review, the therapeutic application of CRISPR delivery and the translational potential of gene editing was firstly discussed. Critical obstacles for the delivery of CRISPR system in vivo and shortcomings of CRISPR system itself were also analyzed. Given that intelligent nanoparticles have demonstrated great potential on the delivery of CRISPR system, here we mainly focused on stimuli-responsive nanocarriers. We also summarized various strategies for CIRSPR-Cas9 system delivered by intelligent nanocarriers which would respond to different endogenous and exogenous signal stimulus. Moreover, new genome editors mediated by nanotherapeutic vectors for gene therapy were also discussed. Finally, we discussed future prospects of genome editing for existing nanocarriers in clinical settings.

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