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1.
J Neurointerv Surg ; 2024 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38580442

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Studies reporting spontaneous delayed migration or shortening (SDMS) after treatment with the Pipeline Embolization Device (PED) are limited. This study aimed to evaluate the incidence of SDMS after PED treatment, propose management strategies, and identify the risk factors contributing to its occurrence. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed consecutive patients with an intracranial aneurysm (IA) treated with PEDs at three institutions. SDMS was classified as type I or II based on whether the PED covered the aneurysm neck. RESULTS: The total cohort comprised 790 patients. SDMS was identified in 24 (3.04%) patients. Eighteen of the 24 patients had type I SDMS and did not require retreatment, while the remaining six patients had type II SDMS and all received retreatment. Multivariate logistic regression showed that the difference between the proximal and distal parent artery diameters (DPAD) (adjusted OR 2.977; 95% CI 1.054 to 8.405; P=0.039) and device tortuosity index (DTI) (adjusted OR 8.059; 95% CI 2.867 to 23.428; P<0.001) were independent predictors of SDMS after PED treatment, while the difference in length (DL) (adjusted OR 0.841; 95% CI 0.738 to 0.958; P=0.009) and PED plus coiling (adjusted OR 0.288; 95% CI 0.106 to 0.785; P=0.015) were protective factors. CONCLUSION: The incidence of SDMS after PED treatment of IA was 3.04%. For patients with type I SDMS with incomplete aneurysm occlusion we recommend continuous imaging follow-up while, for patients with type II SDMS, we recommend aggressive retreatment. The DPAD and DTI were independent risk predictors of SDMS after PED treatment, while the DL and PED plus coiling were protective factors.

2.
Materials (Basel) ; 17(3)2024 Jan 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38591461

RESUMO

The effect of solidified phases on the hot cracking behaviour of a large-size GH4742 superalloy ingot produced using vacuum induction melting (VIM) is investigated in order to improve the quality of the final product. The results show that the solidification order of the ingot is γ matrix, MC carbide, η phase and γ' phase. Among them, the MC carbide and the η phase solidified in the mushy zone. The volume fraction of both the η phase and the MC carbide in the cracked zone is higher than that in the non-cracked zone, and a significant number of η phases are distributed near the hot cracks. The formation of solidified phases not only induces stress concentration at η phase/γ matrix interfaces but also reduces the ability of liquid feeding during solidification, thus promoting hot crack formation. It is believed that by controlling the segregation degree of both Nb and Ti, the volume fraction of η phases and MC carbides can be reduced to prevent hot cracking of the GH4742 superalloy VIM ingot.

3.
Food Chem ; 445: 138756, 2024 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38394906

RESUMO

Biomimetic methods are invariably employed to synthesize hybrid organic-inorganic multilevel structure nanoflowers with self-assembly processes in aqueous solutions, which is an ideal way to meet the challenges of immobilizing antibodies or enzymes in nanomaterial based enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (nano-ELISA). In this study, we developed protein-inorganic hybrid 3D nanoflowers composed of bovine serum albumin (BSA), horseradish peroxidase (HRP)-conjugated goat anti-mouse IgG (IgG-HRP) and copper(Ⅱ) phosphate (BSA-(IgG-HRP)-Cu3(PO4)2) using a self-assembly biomimetic method. The preparation process avoided the use of any organic solvent and protein immobilization did not require covalent modifications. Additionally, the unique hierarchical structure enhances the thermal and storage stability of HRP. The BSA-(IgG-HRP)-Cu3(PO4)2 hybrid 3D nanoflower was then applied to a nano-ELISA platform for pyridaben detection, achieving a 50% inhibition concentration of 3.90 ng mL-1. The nano-ELISA achieved excellent accuracy for pyridaben detection. Such a novel BSA-(IgG-HRP)-Cu3(PO4)2 hybrid 3D nanoflower provide an excellent reagent for small molecule immunoassay.


Assuntos
Cobre , Nanoestruturas , Piridazinas , Cobre/química , Nanoestruturas/química , Peroxidase do Rábano Silvestre/química , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Soroalbumina Bovina
4.
Drug Dev Res ; 85(1): e22142, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38349266

RESUMO

Thyroid cancer is a highly differentiated and poorly malignant tumor. Interfering with glycolysis has become an effective means of controlling cancer progression and autophagy is negatively correlated with glycolysis. Aldo-keto reductase family 1 member C3 (AKR1C3) has been demonstrated to be highly expressed in thyroid cancer tissue and the higher AKR1C3 expression predicted the worse prognosis. We aimed to explore whether AKR1C3 could affect thyroid cancer progression by regulating autophagy-dependent glycolysis. AKR1C3 expression in thyroid cancer cells was detected by western blot. Then, AKR1C3 was knocked down by transfection with short hairpin RNA specific to AKR1C3 in the absence or presence of 3-methyladenine (3-MA) or PMA treatment. Cell cycle and apoptosis was detected by flow cytometry. Immunofluorescence staining was used to analyze LC3B expression. Extracellular acidification, glucose uptake and lactic acid secretion were detected. To evaluate the tumorigenicity of AKR1C3 insufficiency on thyroid cancer in vivo, TPC-1 cells with AKR1C3 knockdown were injected subcutaneously into nude mice. Then, cyclinD1 and Ki67 expression in tumorous tissues was measured by immunohistochemical analysis. Apoptosis was assessed by terminal-deoxynucleoitidyl transferase mediated nick end labeling staining. Additionally, the expression of proteins related to cell cycle, apoptosis, glycolysis, autophagy, and extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) signaling in cells and tumor tissues was assessed by western blot. Highly expressed AKR1C3 was observed in thyroid cancer cells. AKR1C3 knockdown induced cell cycle arrest and apoptosis of TPC-1 cells. Besides, autophagy was activated and glycolysis was inhibited following AKR1C3 silencing, and 3-MA treatment restored the impacts of AKR1C3 silencing on glycolysis. The further experiments revealed that AKR1C3 insufficiency inhibited ERK signaling and PMA application reversed AKR1C3 silencing-induced autophagy in TPC-1 cells. The in vivo results suggested that AKR1C3 knockdown inhibited the development of subcutaneous TPC-1 tumors in nude mice and inactivated the ERK signaling. Collectively, AKR1C3 silencing inhibited autophagy-dependent glycolysis in thyroid cancer by inactivating ERK signaling.


Assuntos
MAP Quinases Reguladas por Sinal Extracelular , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide , Animais , Camundongos , Membro C3 da Família 1 de alfa-Ceto Redutase , Autofagia , Glicólise , Camundongos Nus , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/genética , Humanos
5.
China CDC Wkly ; 6(4): 69-74, 2024 Jan 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38313817

RESUMO

Introduction: Plague is a zoonotic disease that occurs naturally in specific geographic areas. Climate change can influence the populations of the plague host or vector, leading to variations in the occurrence and epidemiology of plague in animals. Methods: In this study, we collected meteorological and plague epidemiological data from the Marmota himalayana plague focus in the Altun Mountains of the Qinghai-Xizang Plateau. The data spanned from 2000 to 2022. We describe the climatic factors and plague epidemic conditions and we describe their analysis by Pearson's correlation. Results: During the period from 2000 to 2022, the isolation rates of Yersinia pestis (Y.pestis) from marmots and fleas were 9.27% (451/4,864) and 7.17% (118/1,646), respectively. Additionally, we observed a positive rate of F1 antibody of 11.25% (443/3,937) in marmots and 18.16% (142/782) in dogs. With regards to climate, there was little variation, and a decreasing trend in blowing-sand days was observed. The temperature in the previous year showed a negative correlation with the Y. pestis isolation rate in marmots (r=-0.555, P=0.011) and the positive rate of F1 antibody in marmots (r=-0.552, P=0.012) in the current year. The average annual precipitation in the previous two years showed a positive correlation with marmot density (r=0.514, P=0.024), while blowing-sand days showed a negative correlation with marmot density (r=-0.701, P=0.001). Furthermore, the average annual precipitation in the previous three years showed a positive correlation with the isolation rate of Y. pestis from marmots (r=0.666, P=0.003), and blowing-sand days showed a negative correlation with marmot density (r=-0.597, P=0.009). Conclusions: The findings of this study indicate that there is a hysteresis effect of climate change on the prevalence of plague. Therefore, monitoring climate conditions can offer significant insights for implementing timely preventive and control measures to combat plague epidemics.

6.
Chemosphere ; 352: 141295, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38309605

RESUMO

Hierarchically porous magnetic biochar (HMB) had been found to act as an effective amendment to remediate cadmium (Cd) in water and soil in a previous study, but the effects on wheat growth, Cd uptake and translocation mechanisms, and soil microorganisms were unknown. Therefore, soil Cd form transformation, soil enzyme activity, soil microbial diversity, wheat Cd uptake and migration, and wheat growth were explored by adding different amounts of HMB to alkaline Cd-contaminated soil under pot experiments. The results showed that application of HMB (0.5 %-2.0 %) raised soil pH, electrical conductivity (EC) and available Fe concentration, decreased soil available Cd concentration (35.11 %-50.91 %), and promoted Cd conversion to less bioavailable Cd forms. HMB treatments could reduce Cd enrichment in wheat, inhibit Cd migration from root to stem, rachis to glume, glume to grain, and promote Cd migration from stem to leaf and stem to rachis. HMB (0.5 %-1.0 %) boosted antioxidant enzyme activity, reduced oxidative stress, and enhanced photosynthesis in wheat seedlings. Application of 1.0 % HMB increased wheat grain biomass by 40.32 %. Besides, the addition of HMB (0.5 %-1.0 %) could reduce soil Cd bioavailability, increase soil enzyme activity, and increase the abundance and diversity of soil bacteria. Higher soil EC brought forth by HMB (2.0 %) made the wheat plants and soil bacteria poisonous. This study suggests that applying the right amount of HMB to alkaline Cd-contaminated soil could be a potential remediation strategy to decrease Cd in plants' edible parts and enhance soil quality.


Assuntos
Microbiota , Poluentes do Solo , Cádmio/toxicidade , Cádmio/análise , Solo/química , Triticum , Porosidade , Poluentes do Solo/análise , Carvão Vegetal/química , Grão Comestível/química , Antioxidantes/análise , Fenômenos Magnéticos
7.
Int J Med Microbiol ; 314: 151597, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38217947

RESUMO

Pasteurella multocida is a zoonotic pathogen causing serious diseases in humans and animals. Here, we report P. multocida from wildlife on China's Qinghai-Tibet plateau with a novel capsular serotype, forming a single branch on the core-genome phylogenetic tree: four strains isolated from dead Himalayan marmot (Marmota himalayana) and one genome assembled from metagenomic sequencing of a dead Woolly hare (Lepus oiostolus). Four of the strains were identified as subspecies multocida and one was septica. The mouse model showed that the challenge strain killed mice within 24 h at an infectious dose of less than 300 bacteria. The short disease course is comparable to septicemic plague: the host has died before more severe pathological changes could take place. Though pathological changes were relatively mild, cytokine storm was obvious with a significant rise of IL-12p70, IL-6, TNF-αand IL-10 (P < 0.05). Our findings suggested P. multocida is a lethal pathogen for wildlife on Qinghai-Tibet plateau, in addition to Yersinia pestis. Individuals residing within the M. himalayana plague focus are at risk for P. multocida infection, and public health warnings are necessitated.


Assuntos
Pasteurella multocida , Peste , Animais , Humanos , Camundongos , Tibet , Marmota/microbiologia , Pasteurella multocida/genética , Filogenia , Sorogrupo , China , Peste/microbiologia , Animais Selvagens
8.
Circ Res ; 134(3): 290-306, 2024 02 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38197258

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is the most prevalent monogenic heart disorder. However, the pathogenesis of HCM, especially its nongenetic mechanisms, remains largely unclear. Transcription factors are known to be involved in various biological processes including cell growth. We hypothesized that SP1 (specificity protein 1), the first purified TF in mammals, plays a role in the cardiomyocyte growth and cardiac hypertrophy of HCM. METHODS: Cardiac-specific conditional knockout of Sp1 mice were constructed to investigate the role of SP1 in the heart. The echocardiography, histochemical experiment, and transmission electron microscope were performed to analyze the cardiac phenotypes of cardiac-specific conditional knockout of Sp1 mice. RNA sequencing, chromatin immunoprecipitation sequencing, and adeno-associated virus experiments in vivo were performed to explore the downstream molecules of SP1. To examine the therapeutic effect of SP1 on HCM, an SP1 overexpression vector was constructed and injected into the mutant allele of Myh6 R404Q/+ (Myh6 c. 1211C>T) HCM mice. The human induced pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes (hiPSC-CMs) from a patient with HCM were used to detect the potential therapeutic effects of SP1 in human HCM. RESULTS: The cardiac-specific conditional knockout of Sp1 mice developed a typical HCM phenotype, displaying overt myocardial hypertrophy, interstitial fibrosis, and disordered myofilament. In addition, Sp1 knockdown dramatically increased the cell area of hiPSC-CMs and caused intracellular myofibrillar disorganization, which was similar to the hypertrophic cardiomyocytes of HCM. Mechanistically, Tuft1 was identified as the key target gene of SP1. The hypertrophic phenotypes induced by Sp1 knockdown in both hiPSC-CMs and mice could be rescued by TUFT1 (tuftelin 1) overexpression. Furthermore, SP1 overexpression suppressed the development of HCM in the mutant allele of Myh6 R404Q/+ mice and also reversed the hypertrophic phenotype of HCM hiPSC-CMs. CONCLUSIONS: Our study demonstrates that SP1 deficiency leads to HCM. SP1 overexpression exhibits significant therapeutic effects on both HCM mice and HCM hiPSC-CMs, suggesting that SP1 could be a potential intervention target for HCM.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatia Hipertrófica , Células-Tronco Pluripotentes Induzidas , Humanos , Camundongos , Animais , Células-Tronco Pluripotentes Induzidas/metabolismo , Cardiomiopatia Hipertrófica/metabolismo , Miofibrilas/metabolismo , Miócitos Cardíacos/metabolismo , Cardiomegalia/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Mamíferos
9.
BMC Pulm Med ; 24(1): 14, 2024 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38178092

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pulmonary fibrosis (PF) is a progressive fibrosing interstitial pneumonia that leads to respiratory failure and other complications, which is ultimately fatal. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) transplant is a promising strategy to solve this problem, while the procurement of MSCs from the patient for autotransplant remains a challenge. METHODS: Here, we presented olfactory mucosa mesenchymal stem cells (OM-MSCs) from mouse turbinate and determined the preventing efficacy of allotransplant for PF. We demonstrated the antiinflammation and immunomodulatory effects of OM-MSCs. Flow cytometric analysis was used to verify the effect of OM-MSCs on monocyte-derived macrophage populations in the lung. RESULTS: Administration of OM-MSCs reduces inflammation, attenuates the matrix metallopeptidase 13 (MMP13) expression level and restores the bleomycin (BLM)-induced pulmonary fibrosis by assessing the architecture of lung, collagen type I; (COL1A1), actin alpha 2, smooth muscle, aorta (ACTA2/α-SMA) and hydroxyproline. This therapeutic effect of OM-MSCs was related to the increase in the ratio of nonclassical monocytes to proinflammatory monocytes in the lung. CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that transplant of OM-MSCs represents an effective and safe treatment for PF.


Assuntos
Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Fibrose Pulmonar , Humanos , Camundongos , Animais , Fibrose Pulmonar/induzido quimicamente , Fibrose Pulmonar/terapia , Fibrose Pulmonar/metabolismo , Inflamação/metabolismo , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , Imunomodulação , Mucosa Olfatória/metabolismo
10.
JMIR Mhealth Uhealth ; 12: e48842, 2024 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38261368

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: 5G technology is gaining traction in Chinese hospitals for its potential to enhance patient care and internal management. However, various barriers hinder its implementation in clinical settings, and studies on their relevance and importance are scarce. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to identify critical barriers hampering the effective implementation of 5G in hospitals in Western China, to identify interaction relationships and priorities of the above-identified barriers, and to assess the intensity of the relationships and cause-and-effect relations between the adoption barriers. METHODS: This paper uses the Delphi expert consultation method to determine key barriers to 5G adoption in Western China hospitals, the interpretive structural modeling to uncover interaction relationships and priorities, and the decision-making trial and evaluation laboratory method to reveal cause-and-effect relationships and their intensity levels. RESULTS: In total, 14 barriers were determined by literature review and the Delphi method. Among these, "lack of policies on ethics, rights, and responsibilities in core health care scenarios" emerged as the fundamental influencing factor in the entire system, as it was the only factor at the bottom level of the interpretive structural model. Overall, 8 barriers were classified as the "cause group," and 6 as the "effect group" by the decision-making trial and evaluation laboratory method. "High expense" and "organizational barriers within hospitals" were determined as the most significant driving barrier (the highest R-C value of 1.361) and the most critical barrier (the highest R+C value of 4.317), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Promoting the integration of 5G in hospitals in Western China faces multiple complex and interrelated barriers. The study provides valuable quantitative evidence and a comprehensive approach for regulatory authorities, hospitals, and telecom operators, helping them develop strategic pathways for promoting widespread 5G adoption in health care. It is suggested that the stakeholders cooperate to explore and solve the problems in the 5G medical care era, aiming to achieve the coverage of 5G medical care across the country. To our best knowledge, this study is the first academic exploration systematically analyzing factors resisting 5G integration in Chinese hospitals, and it may give subsequent researchers a solid foundation for further studying the application and development of 5G in health care.


Assuntos
Hospitais , Laboratórios , Humanos , China , Modelos Estruturais , Tecnologia
11.
J Craniofac Surg ; 35(1): e34-e36, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37707304

RESUMO

The current concept of facial unit reconstruction has evolved from simple coverage of defects to the reconstruction of the 3-dimensional structure and delicate features. The reshaping of the middle third of the face, including the nose and cheek, remains a challenge for plastic surgeons due to its complex structure and the dynamic relationship between each part. In this article, the authors describe a clinical report of extensive facial burns with skin lesions in the middle third of the face. The 30-year-old female patient sustained burns throughout the full thickness of the skin burns on the entire nose and left cheek with hypertrophic scar. The authors performed an expanded cervical-facial flap and tube flap of the upper extremity to reconstruct the entire nasal and cheek region. The patient underwent 8 stages of the operation successively resulting in a satisfactory level of appearance and function.


Assuntos
Queimaduras , Procedimentos de Cirurgia Plástica , Feminino , Humanos , Adulto , Retalhos Cirúrgicos/cirurgia , Transplante de Pele/métodos , Nariz/cirurgia , Queimaduras/complicações , Queimaduras/cirurgia
12.
Ther Innov Regul Sci ; 58(1): 127-135, 2024 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37751063

RESUMO

The dose-response curve has been studied extensively for decades. However, most of these methods ignore intermediate measurements of the response variable and only use the measurement at the endpoint. In early phase trials, it is crucial to utilize all available data due to the smaller sample size. Simulation studies have shown that the longitudinal dose-response surface model provides a more precise parameter estimation compared to the traditional dose response using only data from the primary time point. However, the current longitudinal models with parametric assumptions assume the treatment effect increases monotonically over time, which may be controversial to reality. We propose a parametric non-monotone exponential time (NEXT) model, an enhanced longitudinal dose-response model with greater flexibility, capable of accommodating non-monotonic treatment effects and making predictions for longer-term efficacy. In addition, the estimator for the time to maximum treatment effect and its asymptotic distribution have been derived from NEXT. Extensive simulation studies using known data-generating models and using real clinical data showed the NEXT model outperformed the existing monotone longitudinal models.


Assuntos
Simulação por Computador , Tamanho da Amostra
13.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 659: 94-104, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38159493

RESUMO

The construction of heterointerface in photocatalyst is an efficient approach to boost the separation and utilization efficiency of charge carriers, which is challenging and crucial in photocatalysis. Here, the construction of melon-structured carbon nitride/N-doped WO3 (MCN/NWx) heterojunction photocatalyst was achieved by a method of prealcoholysis combined with thermal polymerization, where N-doping of WO3 was achieved in-situ in the formation of heterojunction. The promoted charge separation efficiency was realized through the charge transfer from the conduction band of N-doped WO3 to the valence band of the MCN. Density functional theory calculation results showed that the formation of the W-N heteroatom-interface led to the increase of density of states at the heterointerface and decrease of the band gap. The MCN/NWx nanocomposite featured a metallic band structure of the nanocomposite photocatalysts, resulting in the enhanced photocatalytic activity. The photocatalytic hydrogen evolution activity of the MCN/NW2 was enhanced about 2.5 times than that of MCN. This research provides a novel insight into the construction of a novel heteroatom-junction that boosts the separation efficiency of charge carriers, and thereby improves the photocatalytic activity.

14.
Transl Stroke Res ; 2023 Dec 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38066403

RESUMO

The pipeline embolization device (PED) is an effective endovascular treatment modality for intracranial aneurysm (IA), but nearly one-fifth of IAs treated with a PED remain persistently filling at 1-year angiography follow-up. Developing a nomogram to predict persistent aneurysm filling after PED treatment can help neurointerventionalists identify aneurysms with incomplete occlusion and change their treatment strategies. This retrospective study included patients with IA treated with a PED from three institutions between April 2016 and April 2022, assigned to a derivation or validation cohort. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to identify predictors and develop a nomogram to predict persistent aneurysm filling after PED treatment in the derivation cohort. Predictive accuracy and clinical benefits of the nomogram were assessed using area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC), calibration curves, and decision curve analysis (DCA). In total, 1006 patients with IA were included, 786 in the derivation cohort and 220 in the validation cohort. Over mean follow-up time 18.36 ± 8.58 months, 142 (14.1%) patients developed persistent aneurysm filling after PED treatment, 110 (14.0%) in the derivation cohort and 32 (14.5%) in the validation cohort. In multivariate logistic regression analysis, we developed a nomogram incorporating five predictors: aneurysms located in the basilar artery, dissecting aneurysms, maximum diameter, aneurysms with incorporated branches, and PED plus coiling. AUCs of the nomogram were 0.810 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.765-0.856) in the derivation cohort and 0.840 (95% CI, 0.754-0.925) in the validation cohort. Calibration curve and DCA analysis demonstrated the utility and clinical application value of this nomogram. This nomogram provides individualized prediction of persistent aneurysm filling after PED treatment for patients with IA, representing a practical approach to effectiveness evaluation. This tool can help neurointerventionalists to identify aneurysms with incomplete occlusion and change their treatment strategy.

15.
J Cardiothorac Surg ; 18(1): 309, 2023 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37946270

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the current meta-analysis was to determine the incidence and risk factors to provide a scientific basis for prevention and treatment of postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) after carotid endarterectomy (CEA). METHODS: Relevant articles published before October 2022 were searched from Pubmed/MEDLINE, Cochrane and Embase databases. The outcomes were the incidence and risk factors for POCD. A random-effects model was applied to estimate the overall odds ratios (ORs) and mean differences (MDs) for all risk factors through STATA 14.0 and RevMan 5.4. The quality of eligible studies was evaluated by Newcastle-Ottawa Scale (NOS) as previously described. RESULTS: A total of 22 articles involving 3459 CEA patients were finally identified. The weighted mean incidence of POCD was 19% (95% confidence intervals (95% CI) 0.16-0.24, P < 0.001). Of the 16 identified risk factors, hyperperfusion (OR: 0.54, 95% CI 0.41-0.71) and degree of internal carotid artery (ICA) stenosis (OR: 5.06, 95% CI 0.86-9.27) were the potential risk factors of POCD, whereas patients taking statins preoperative had a lower risk of POCD (OR: 0.54, 95% CI 0.41-0.71). Subgroup analysis revealed that the risk of POCD at 1 month after CEA was higher in patients with diabetes (OR: 1.70, 95% CI 1.07-2.71). CONCLUSION: The risk factors of POCD were hyperperfusion and degree of ICA stenosis, while diabetes could significantly increase the incidence of POCD at 1 month after surgery. Additionally, preoperative statin use could be a protective factor for POCD following CEA.


Assuntos
Estenose das Carótidas , Diabetes Mellitus , Endarterectomia das Carótidas , Complicações Cognitivas Pós-Operatórias , Humanos , Endarterectomia das Carótidas/efeitos adversos , Complicações Cognitivas Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Constrição Patológica/etiologia , Estenose das Carótidas/cirurgia , Fatores de Risco
16.
J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med ; 36(2): 2278020, 2023 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37926901

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Ongoing controversies persist regarding risk factors associated with the failure of transition from epidural labor analgesia to cesarean section anesthesia, including the duration of labor analgesia, gestational age, and body mass index (BMI). This study aims to provide an updated analysis of the incidence of conversion from epidural analgesia to general anesthesia, while evaluating and analyzing potential risk factors contributing to the failure of this transition to cesarean section anesthesia. METHODS: We conducted an extensive literature search utilizing databases such as PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), WANGFANG, and the Chinese Biomedical Literature Database (CBM) up to September 30, 2022. The meta-analysis was performed using STATA 15.1 software. The quality of the included studies was assessed using the 11-item quality assessment scale recommended by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ). RESULTS: A total of 9,926 studies were initially retrieved, and after rigorous selection, 19 studies were included in the meta-analysis. The overall incidence of conversion from epidural analgesia to general anesthesia was found to be 6% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 5-8%). Our findings indicate that, when compared to patients in the successful conversion group, those in the failure group tended to be younger (weighted mean difference [WMD] = -1.571, 95% CI: -1.116 to -0.975) and taller (WMD = 0.893, 95% CI: 0.018-1.767). Additionally, the failure group exhibited a higher incidence of incomplete block in epidural anesthesia, received a higher dosage of additional epidural administration, experienced a greater rate of emergency cesarean sections, and received anesthesia more frequently from non-obstetric anesthesiologists. However, no statistically significant differences were observed in gestational age, depth of the catheter insertion into the skin, epidural catheter specifics, duration of epidural analgesia, infusion rate of epidural analgesia, primiparity status, cervical dilatation during epidural placement, BMI, or weight. CONCLUSION: Our study found that the incidence of conversion from epidural analgesia to cesarean section under general anesthesia was 6%. Notably, the failure group exhibited a higher rate of incomplete block in epidural anesthesia, a greater incidence of emergency cesarean sections, a more frequent provision of anesthesia by non-obstetric anesthesiologists, a higher dosage of epidural administration, and greater height when compared to the success group. Conversely, women in the failure group were younger in age compared to their counterparts in the success group.


Assuntos
Analgesia Epidural , Analgesia Obstétrica , Anestesia Epidural , Anestesia Obstétrica , Gravidez , Humanos , Feminino , Cesárea , Analgesia Epidural/efeitos adversos , Anestesia Obstétrica/efeitos adversos , Anestesia Epidural/efeitos adversos , Fatores de Risco , Anestesia Geral/efeitos adversos , Analgesia Obstétrica/efeitos adversos
17.
Indian J Med Microbiol ; 47: 100485, 2023 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37922701

RESUMO

Bacillus licheniformis is a facultative anaerobe, gram-positive, endogenous, spore-forming bacillus. It is included in a probiotic preparation commonly used in clinical practice and is usually safe for oral administration. In this paper, we report two cases of bloodstream infection resulting from using B. licheniformis probiotic preparations for gastrointestinal bleeding. The results suggest that B. licheniformis should be used with caution in people who are immunocompromised and suffering from severe= damage to the intestinal mucosal barrier.

18.
Ann Plast Surg ; 91(5): 540-546, 2023 11 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37823621

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Soft tissue expansion is a common technique for restoring large skin defects. Fixed-type expanders may be inappropriate for the following reasons: (1) the shapes and sizes of the defects vary in different patients; and (2) the bulged base of the fixed-type expander does not fit the curve of the human body, which may induce complications such as concave deformities or nerve palsy from continuous mechanical compression. The customized expander adjusts better to the shape and the topography of the expansion site compared with the fixed-type expander. It improves expansion efficiency and reduces complications caused by compression. METHODS: Between 2016 and 2022, customized soft tissue expansion was performed in 38 patients with skin lesions, including giant congenital melanocytic nevi and postburn scars. This series of patients included patients with a specific donor site shape that is unsuitable for fixed-type expanders. An expander was customized according to the shape of the donor site and then implanted in the subcutaneous pocket. After the expander reached a sufficient volume, the expander was removed, and the extra expanded skin flap was transferred to resurface the skin lesion. In the follow-up, the outcome and the complications were recorded. RESULTS: All the customized expanders fit not only the dimension but also the topography of the donor site. During expansion, 2 patients experienced leakage of the expander, and 3 patients suffered a skin rupture. In the remaining 33 patients, the expansion was successfully completed, and the expanded flaps restored the skin lesions as designed. The color and texture of the skin flaps remained satisfactory after long-term follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: Unlike fixed-type expanders, our customized expanders make it possible for "accurate" expansion, irrespective of the dimension and topography of the donor area. Customization of the expander helps increase efficiency and reduce complications caused by undue compression.


Assuntos
Procedimentos de Cirurgia Plástica , Dispositivos para Expansão de Tecidos , Humanos , Retalhos Cirúrgicos , Expansão de Tecido/métodos , Transplante de Pele
19.
J Am Chem Soc ; 145(44): 23905-23909, 2023 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37890007

RESUMO

Selective oxidation of benzylic C-H to benzylic alcohols is a well-known challenge in the chemical community since benzylic C-H is more prone to be overoxidized to benzylic ketones. In this work, we report the highly selective electro-oxidation of benzylic C-H to benzylic alcohols in an undivided cell in ionic liquid-based solution. As an example, the selectivity toward xanthydrol could be as high as 95.7% at complete conversion of xanthene, a typical benzylic C-H compound, on gram-scale in imidazolium bromide/H2O/DMF. Mechanism investigation reveals that the imidazolium radical generated in situ participants in a proton-coupled electron transfer process and low-barrier hydrogen bonds stabilize the reaction intermediates, together steering the redox equilibrium, favoring benzylic alcohols over benzylic ketones.

20.
Front Public Health ; 11: 1243838, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37849725

RESUMO

The purpose of this research is to reveal the internal relationship among community green space, space perception, and activity behavior response to supplement the lack of research results on the binary relationship between green space and behavior. Nine residential community green spaces and 398 residents were selected as the research objects. Thematic clustering and factor identification were used to determine the spatial dimensions of community green space that residents were concerned about. The analysis of the green exposure index, spatial perception evaluation, and activity behavior survey were combined to determine the influence of the green exposure index on spatial perception and activity behavior and its internal correlation path. According to research data, the community green view index (GVI) and normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) negatively affected the perception factor, while the perception factor positively affected the activity frequency. The SEM model shows that the green exposure index stimulated activity behavior through the intermediate effect of the internal perception path of perceived landscape quality, perceived workability, and perceived accessibility. Spatial perception as the basis of the instantaneous emotional reaction process may affect people's choices for activities but be unable to extend the duration of the activities. The internal association among community green space, spatial perception, and physical activity behavior develops on the basis of spatial patterns at certain scales. This study provides a theoretical basis for understanding the spatial experience and residents' behavioral needs, evaluating the quality of urban green space scientifically, and promoting the optimization of community green space structure.


Assuntos
Parques Recreativos , Percepção Espacial , Humanos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Análise por Conglomerados
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