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Transpl Int ; 37: 12192, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38328616


Pneumocystis pneumonia (PcP) remains life-threatening in kidney transplant recipients (KTR). Our study investigated risk factors one-year before PcP. We conducted a monocentric, case-control study including all KTR at the Dijon University Hospital (France) with a diagnosis of PcP between 2005 and 2022 (cases), and matched control KTR with no history of PcP (3 controls/case). Among all 1,135 KTR, 57 cases (5%) and 169 matched-controls were included. PcP was associated with 18% mortality. Compared to controls, cases were older, with a higher immunological risk, and CMV infection was more frequent in the year preceding the occurrence of PcP (23% vs. 4%; p < 0.001). As early as 1 year before PcP, lymphocyte counts were lower and serum creatinine levels were higher in cases, but immunosuppressive regimens were not significantly different. Multivariable analysis identified lymphocyte count, serum creatinine level, being treated by immunosuppressive therapy other than anti-rejection drugs, and CMV infection in the year preceding the time PcP as independently associated with the occurrence of PcP. PcP was associated with an increased risk of subsequent chronic rejection (27% vs. 3%; p = 0.001) and return to dialysis (20% vs. 3%; p = 0.002). The occurrence of CMV infection and a low lymphocyte count could redefine the indications for continuation or reinitiation of anti-Pneumocystis prophylaxis.

Infecções por Citomegalovirus , Transplante de Rim , Linfopenia , Pneumocystis carinii , Pneumonia por Pneumocystis , Trombocitopenia , Humanos , Pneumonia por Pneumocystis/diagnóstico , Pneumonia por Pneumocystis/complicações , Pneumonia por Pneumocystis/tratamento farmacológico , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Transplante de Rim/efeitos adversos , Creatinina , Infecções por Citomegalovirus/complicações , Infecções por Citomegalovirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Citomegalovirus/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , Linfopenia/complicações , Trombocitopenia/complicações , Transplantados , Estudos Retrospectivos
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 22389, 2022 12 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36575298


Biofilm (BF) growth is believed to play a major role in the development of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) in the intensive care unit. Despite concerted efforts to understand the potential implication of endotracheal tube (ETT)-BF dispersal, clinically relevant data are lacking to better characterize the impact of its mesostructure and microbiological singularity on the occurrence of VAP. We conducted a multicenter, retrospective observational study during the third wave of the COVID-19 pandemic, between March and May 2021. In total, 64 ETTs collected from 61 patients were included in the present BIOPAVIR study. Confocal microscopy acquisitions revealed two main morphological aspects of ETT-deposited BF: (1) a thin, continuous ribbon-shaped aspect, less likely monobacterial and predominantly associated with Enterobacter spp., Streptococcus pneumoniae or Viridans streptococci, and (2) a thicker, discontinuous, mushroom-shaped appearance, more likely characterized by the association of bacterial and fungal species in respiratory samples. The microbiological characterization of ETT-deposited BF found higher acquired resistance in more than 80% of analyzed BF phenotypes, compared to other colonization sites from the patient's environment. These findings reveal BF as a singular microbiological compartment, and are of added clinical value, with a view to future ETT-deposited BF-based antimicrobial stewardship in critically ill patients. Trial registration NCT04926493. Retrospectively registered 15 June 2021.

COVID-19 , Pneumonia Associada à Ventilação Mecânica , Humanos , Estado Terminal , Pandemias , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Intubação Intratraqueal/métodos , Pneumonia Associada à Ventilação Mecânica/epidemiologia , Biofilmes , Enterobacter
Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis ; 40(9): 2023-2028, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33686557


During an epidemic period, we compared patients hospitalized for initial suspicion of COVID-19 but for whom an alternative diagnosis was finally retained (n = 152) with those who had COVID-19 (n = 222). Most common diagnoses were another infectious disease and heart failure. COVID-19-negative patients were more often active smokers had less often cough, fever, and digestive symptoms, as compared to the 222 COVID-19-positive patients. They had higher median neutrophil and lymphocyte counts and lower CRP level. In multivariate analysis, no current smoking, neurocognitive disorder, myalgia, and fibrinogen ≥4g/L were independently associated with a final diagnosis of COVID-19.

COVID-19/diagnóstico , Adulto , Idoso , COVID-19/terapia , COVID-19/virologia , Hospitalização , Humanos , Masculino , Pacientes/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Retrospectivos , SARS-CoV-2/fisiologia