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1.
J Emerg Nurs ; 50(1): 72-83, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37804278

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to identify the symptoms used to assess angina, determine how emergency nurses make triage decisions for potential acute coronary syndrome, and determine emergency nurses' initial actions. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional, survey-based design. Emergency nurses were recruited through a posting on the Emergency Nurses Association website and through postcards. Measures included demographic data, assessment of angina, and the Nurses' Cardiac Triage Instrument. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and ordinal logistic regression. RESULTS: A total of 414 registered nurses with a mean age of 41.7 (SD = 12.0) years participated. They were predominantly female (80.7%), had a baccalaureate degree (60.1%), and worked as a registered nurse for a median 10.0 years. Common terms used to assess angina were chest pain (79.5%), chest pressure (77.3%), chest tightness (72.9%), and chest discomfort (72.5%). The severity of chest pressure (median 5.0, interquartile range 1.0) and nature of chest pain (median 5.0, interquartile range 1.0) had the highest overall median scores to support initial cardiac triage decisions. Associated symptoms of diaphoresis, fatigue, and shortness of breath along with health history contributed to decision making. DISCUSSION: Emergency nurses primarily used chest symptoms and health history when deciding to evaluate for acute coronary syndrome in the emergency department. Associated symptoms of diaphoresis, fatigue, and shortness of breath, along with health history, also contributed to decision making. Initial registered nurse actions were to obtain an electrocardiogram, prepare the patient for the cardiac catheterization laboratory, and notify the emergency physician of the patient's admission.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda , Triagem , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/diagnóstico , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/complicações , Dor no Peito/diagnóstico , Estudos Transversais , Dispneia , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Fadiga/complicações , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
2.
Nurse Educ ; 49(1): E32-E35, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37442122

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Nurse practitioner (NP) program accreditation standards require that programs secure clinical placements for all students. As NP programs increase enrollment to meet the demand for primary care providers, it is vital that they deploy a formalized clinical placement process that ensures all students have a clinical placement. PROBLEM: Although NP programs have consistently increased enrollment, the shortage of clinical sites and preceptors continues to be a barrier to admission. APPROACH: Described in this article is the operationalization of graduate nursing clinical placement at one large university with 7 NP tracks. OUTCOMES: A formalized clinical placement process ensures that all students receive an appropriate placement and graduate on time. Having a dedicated team of NP faculty members to provide clinical placements services for NP students is highly effective.


Assuntos
Educação de Pós-Graduação em Enfermagem , Profissionais de Enfermagem , Estudantes de Enfermagem , Humanos , Pesquisa em Educação de Enfermagem , Profissionais de Enfermagem/educação
3.
J Emerg Nurs ; 2023 Dec 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38069958

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Emergency nurses must quickly identify patients with potential acute coronary syndrome. However, no recent nationwide research has explored nurses' knowledge of acute coronary syndrome symptoms. The purpose of this study was to explore emergency nurses' recognition of acute coronary syndrome symptoms, including whether nurses attribute different symptoms to women and men. METHODS: We used a cross-sectional, descriptive design using an online survey. Emergency nurses from across the United States were recruited using postcards and a posting on the Emergency Nurses Association website. Demographic data and participants' recognition of acute coronary syndrome symptoms, using the Acute Coronary Syndrome Symptom Checklist, were collected. Descriptive statistics and ordinal regression were used to analyze the data. RESULTS: The final sample included 448 emergency nurses with a median 7.0 years of emergency nursing experience. Participants were overwhelmingly able to recognize common acute coronary syndrome symptoms, although some symptoms were more often associated with women or with men. Most participants believed that women and men's symptoms were either "slightly different" (41.1%) or "fairly different" (42.6%). Nurses who completed training for the triage role were significantly less likely to believe that men and women have substantially different symptoms (odds ratio 0.47; 95% CI 0.25-0.87). DISCUSSION: Emergency nurses were able to recognize common acute coronary syndrome symptoms, but some reported believing that the symptom experience of men and women is more divergent than what is reported in the literature.

4.
Nurs Clin North Am ; 58(3): 439-459, 2023 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37536791

RESUMO

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death in women but is often underrecognized and undertreated. Women are more likely to experience delay in treatment and worse outcomes, even though they experience similar symptoms as men. Women are more likely to experience ischemia related to microvascular dysfunction, which is not readily diagnosed by commonly used diagnostic tests. Nurses are ideally positioned to be patient advocates and use evidence-based guidelines to encourage primary prevention and ensure prompt treatment. This paper provides an update on CVD in women for clinical nurses based on the latest research evidence.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros , Masculino , Feminino , Humanos , Doenças Cardiovasculares/etiologia , Fatores de Risco
5.
J Cardiovasc Nurs ; 2023 May 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37170399

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 pandemic added challenges to patient assessment and triage in the emergency department (ED). OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on ED triage nurse decisions for patients with potential acute coronary syndrome (ACS). METHODS: This was a secondary analysis of data from a descriptive, electronic, survey-based study. Participants were asked 2 questions: whether the COVID-19 pandemic had affected their triage and/or assessment practices for patients with potential ACS and, if so, how. Descriptive statistics were used to compare the characteristics of participants. A qualitative descriptive approach was used to analyze responses to the open-ended questions about the pandemic's effect on the triage process. RESULTS: Participants from across the United States had a mean age of 41.7 (12.3) years; 358 (80.6%) were women. The participants had a median of 10.0 (interquartile range, 16.0) years of experience as a registered nurse, with a median of 7.0 (interquartile range, 11.0) years of ED experience. A total of 180 of 444 participants (40.5%) indicated that the COVID-19 pandemic affected their triage processes and assessment of potential ACS patients; 156 (86.7%) provided a response to the open-ended question. Responses revealed 4 themes: (1) delays in triage and treatment, (2) ambiguous patient presentation, (3) heightened awareness of COVID-19 complications and sequelae, and (4) process changes. CONCLUSIONS: Forty percent of ED triage nurses participating reported that triage processes for patients with potential ACS were affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. Most expressed barriers that resulted in delayed assessment and treatment of patients and often resulted from overlapping cardiac symptoms and COVID-19.

6.
Heart Lung ; 61: 98-106, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37209537

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Even though "chest pain" is often highlighted as a key heart attack symptom for which individuals should seek care, little is known about the ways that the lay public conceives of chest pain related to acute coronary syndrome (ACS). OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this four-step process was to develop an instrument to measure the lay public's conceptions of chest pain related to ACS. METHODS: The Chest Pain Conception Questionnaire (CPCQ) was drafted based on the Theory of Unpleasant Symptoms and findings from the published literature. We then leveraged two rounds of expert feedback to calculate item-level and scale-level content validity indices. Two rounds of pilot testing (N = 51 and N = 300) were conducted with members of the target population. Psychometric testing was also conducted, including exploratory factor analysis. RESULTS: The multi-step development process resulted in an instrument that is comprised of 23 items (2 open-ended questions, 13 short scenarios with Likert-type ratings, and 8 multiple-choice questions) and written at a 7th grade level. The scale-level content validity index was 0.99. Exploratory factor analysis findings also supported construct validity. CONCLUSIONS: This paper provides preliminary evidence of the CPCQ's validity.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda , Infarto do Miocárdio , Humanos , Dor no Peito/diagnóstico , Dor no Peito/etiologia , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/complicações , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/diagnóstico , Inquéritos e Questionários , Psicometria/métodos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
7.
J Cardiovasc Nurs ; 38(3): 288-298, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37027134

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although extensive research and public education for the last 2 decades has focused on symptom differences experienced by men and women, little is known about what acute coronary syndrome symptoms the lay public associates with men, with women, and with both men and women. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe what acute coronary syndrome symptoms the lay public associates with men, with women, and with both men and women and to explore whether differences in participant gender affect how these symptoms are associated. METHODS: A descriptive, cross-sectional survey design was used, using an online survey. We recruited women (n = 209) and men (n = 208) living in the United States from the crowdsourcing platform Mechanical Turk in April and May 2021. RESULTS: Most participants (78.4%) selected a chest symptom as the most common acute coronary syndrome symptom experienced by men, compared with only 49.4% who selected a chest symptom as the most common for women. Almost half (46.9%) of women indicated that they believe men and women have "fairly different" or "very different" acute coronary syndrome symptoms, compared with 17.3% of men. CONCLUSIONS: Whereas most participants associated symptoms with both men and women's experiences of acute coronary syndrome symptoms, some associated symptoms in ways that are not reflected in the literature. Additional research is needed to further understand the impact of messaging on acute coronary syndrome symptom differences between men and women and the lay public's interpretation of these messages.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda , Masculino , Humanos , Feminino , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/diagnóstico , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/complicações , Estudos Transversais , Inquéritos e Questionários , Fatores Sexuais
8.
J Cardiovasc Nurs ; 38(1): E20-E30, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35297392

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with acute coronary syndrome report poor health-related quality of life and decreased levels of perceived control. Perceived control is a person's belief that they can cope with negative events. Resilience is an adaptation that gives people the capacity to recover from difficult situations, and higher levels of resilience may impact recovery after an acute event. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyze the relationship between resilience, perceived control, and health outcomes of patients hospitalized with acute coronary syndrome within 6 months of discharge. METHODS: Data were collected prospectively from adult patients hospitalized with acute coronary syndrome in 3 university hospitals in the Tokyo Metropolitan area, Japan. All data were collected between December 2015 and December 2019. The Sukemune-Hiew Resilience Test (part 1) was used to measure resilience, which includes 3 domains of social support, self-efficacy, and sociality. The Control Attitudes Scale-Revised was used to measure perceived control. Linear regression and path analysis were used to statistically analyze the relationship among variables. RESULTS: Higher resilience, especially self-efficacy, was associated with higher perceived control during admission. Higher resilience, especially social support, during admission was associated with perceived control at 6 months after adjusting for income and education. Higher resilience during admission was associated with better perceived control at 3 months, which was associated with better health outcomes at 6 months. Higher income and lower depression were related to higher resilience. CONCLUSIONS: Nurses should make sure patients with depression, low income, and low social support are connected with appropriate treatment and social support resources.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda , Resiliência Psicológica , Adulto , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Qualidade de Vida , Apoio Social
9.
J Am Coll Health ; 71(3): 836-843, 2023 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33891527

RESUMO

Objective: College students make many important decisions related to sexual health, but little is known about their reproductive health knowledge. The purpose of the study was to examine health literacy and knowledge of female reproduction, contraception, and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in college students. Participants: Undergraduate students (n = 323) completed a survey in November 2017. Methods: The survey included the Newest Vital Sign (NVS), Knowledge of the Female Body (KFB) scale, contraceptive questions, STI prevention questions, and sexual history questions. Results: NVS and KFB scores were positively correlated (p < .01). Male participants demonstrated significantly lower KFB scores than female participants (p < .001). Transgender participants demonstrated lower health literacy and lower knowledge of basic female reproduction than cisgender participants. Participants demonstrated low knowledge of the menstrual cycle, early physical signs of pregnancy, and certain contraceptives. Conclusions: Undergraduate students have major reproductive knowledge gaps. Healthcare providers need to consider health literacy and knowledge level when educating college students.


Assuntos
Letramento em Saúde , Infecções Sexualmente Transmissíveis , Gravidez , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Estudantes , Universidades , Comportamento Sexual , Reprodução , Infecções Sexualmente Transmissíveis/prevenção & controle , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde
10.
Jpn J Nurs Sci ; 18(2): e12404, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33448141

RESUMO

AIM: To explore the relationship between demographic factors, acute coronary syndrome-related factors, perceived control and health-related quality of life during admission, 3 months and 6 months after discharge, in patients with acute coronary syndrome. METHODS: Participants were recruited for this longitudinal study after admission for acute coronary syndrome in three university hospitals in the Tokyo metropolitan area, Japan. Self-administered questionnaires included demographic data, perceived control, health-related quality of life, acute coronary syndrome symptoms, fatigue, depression and anxiety. RESULTS: Participants (N = 137) had an average age of 62.8 (SD 11.6) years and 80.3% were male. As a result of Path analysis, higher perceived control (ß = 0.258, p = .001), lower anxiety (ß = -0.226, p = .009) and lower fatigue (ß = -0.231, p = .010), were significantly related to better health-related quality of life (General health). Only annual income was significantly related to perceived control (ß = 0.187, p = .029). Eighty-two (59.9%) participants at 3 months and 54 (39.4%) participants at 6 months completed the questionnaires. Perceived control (F = 7.074, p = .001) and General health (χ2 = 10.22, p = .006) significantly increased over the 6 months. Perceived control during admission was significantly related with health-related quality of life at 3 months. Perceived control at 3 months was significantly related with health-related quality of life at 6 months. CONCLUSION: Perceived control was an important factor for health-related quality of life of the Japanese patients with acute coronary syndrome. It is necessary to investigate whether nursing interventions to enhance perceived control lead to improvement of health-related quality of life.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda , Qualidade de Vida , Depressão , Feminino , Humanos , Japão , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Alta do Paciente , Inquéritos e Questionários , Tóquio
11.
Heart Lung ; 47(3): 192-204, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29628144

RESUMO

Fatigue is a symptom of ACS, but it remains unclear who is at risk and what factors contribute to fatigue. The purpose of the systematic review was to identify factors that influence fatigue in patients with ACS. The review was guided by the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses. Literature published from 1981 to 2017 was reviewed, and of 983 articles screened, 36 met inclusion criteria. Variables contributing to fatigue fell into 3 categories: demographic characteristics, clinical characteristics, and other factors. More fatigue was found in women than men, and significant differences in fatigue were identified by race. Additionally, sleep deprivation, depression, and anxiety were associated with higher levels of fatigue. The findings highlight the importance of demographic, clinical, and other factors' impact on fatigue in ACS patients. Fatigue is an important symptom in ACS and healthcare providers must recognize how patient variables affect symptom expression.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda , Fadiga , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/complicações , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/fisiopatologia , Fadiga/etiologia , Fadiga/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino
12.
Nurse Educ ; 43(2): 101-105, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28665825

RESUMO

Most academic-clinical partnerships are described as formal agreements between schools of nursing at research-intensive universities and large teaching hospitals. This article demonstrates less formal versions of academic-clinical partnerships established between a small, private liberal arts university school of nursing and 2 regional clinical agencies. In both exemplars, students, faculty, and staff contributed to evidence-based practice projects. Schools of nursing in non-research-intensive environments can develop right-size academic-clinical partnerships that are beneficial for all parties involved.


Assuntos
Prática Clínica Baseada em Evidências/organização & administração , Hospitais , Relações Interinstitucionais , Escolas de Enfermagem/organização & administração , Humanos , Modelos Organizacionais , Pesquisa em Educação de Enfermagem , Pesquisa em Avaliação de Enfermagem , Pesquisa em Enfermagem/estatística & dados numéricos , Inovação Organizacional
13.
Nurs Inq ; 24(4)2017 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28181365

RESUMO

Evaluation of rigor in mixed-methods (MM) research is a persistent challenge due to the combination of inconsistent philosophical paradigms, the use of multiple research methods which require different skill sets, and the need to combine research at different points in the research process. Researchers have proposed a variety of ways to thoroughly evaluate MM research, but each method fails to provide a framework that is useful for the consumer of research. In contrast, the MIXED framework is meant to bridge the gap between an academic exercise and practical assessment of a published work. The MIXED framework (methods, inference, expertise, evaluation, and design) borrows from previously published frameworks to create a useful tool for the evaluation of a published study. The MIXED framework uses an experimental eight-item scale that allows for comprehensive integrated assessment of MM rigor in published manuscripts. Mixed methods are becoming increasingly prevalent in nursing and healthcare research requiring researchers and consumers to address issues unique to MM such as evaluation of rigor.


Assuntos
Estudos de Avaliação como Assunto , Pesquisa em Enfermagem/normas , Projetos de Pesquisa/normas , Enfermagem Baseada em Evidências , Humanos
14.
J Pediatr Nurs ; 35: 134-138, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27979496

RESUMO

Optimal frequency of head-to-toe assessment in hospitalized pediatric patients is unknown. An alteration in head-to-toe assessment frequency was proposed at a Midwestern regional hospital. The purpose of this descriptive study was to evaluate patient safety and staff satisfaction following a change in head-to-toe assessment frequency. METHOD: Chart audits were performed on all patients upon discharge and after any change in level of care to assess the risk to patient safety following the change in head-to-toe assessment frequency. Nurses were surveyed to determine satisfaction with the change. RESULTS: A total of 421 patients were included in the study. After the change, there was no increase in the number of unplanned transfers to the intensive care unit from the previous year. Registered nurses (N=15) perceived no decrease in patient safety following the change. Registered nurses were satisfied with the change in assessment frequency noting they perceived more time to provide direct patient care. CONCLUSIONS: The change in head-to-toe assessment frequency did not impact patient safety, but had a positive impact on nurse satisfaction. Following the study period, the unit policy was changed to reflect the new evidence based head-to-toe assessment interval. Further research is needed with a larger, more diverse sample of pediatric patients and pediatric nurses.


Assuntos
Prática Clínica Baseada em Evidências , Avaliação em Enfermagem/métodos , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/estatística & dados numéricos , Exame Físico/métodos , Indicadores de Qualidade em Assistência à Saúde , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pesquisa em Avaliação de Enfermagem , Estados Unidos
15.
J Cardiovasc Nurs ; 32(4): 383-392, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27281055

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Studies have identified sex differences in symptoms of acute coronary syndrome (ACS); however, retrospective designs, abstraction of symptoms from medical records, and variations in assessment forms make it difficult to determine the clinical significance of sex differences. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to determine the influence of sex on the occurrence and distress of 13 symptoms for patients presenting to the emergency department for symptoms suggestive of ACS. METHODS: A total of 1064 patients admitted to 5 emergency departments with symptoms triggering a cardiac evaluation were enrolled. Demographic and clinical variables, symptoms, comorbid conditions, and functional status were measured. RESULTS: The sample was predominantly male (n = 664, 62.4%), white (n = 739, 69.5%), and married (n = 497, 46.9%). Women were significantly older than men (61.3 ± 14.6 vs 59.5 ± 13.6 years). Most patients were discharged with a non-ACS diagnosis (n = 590, 55.5%). Women with ACS were less likely to report chest pain as their chief complaint and to report more nausea (odds ratio [OR], 1.56; confidence interval [CI], 1.00-2.42), shoulder pain (OR, 1.76; CI, 1.13-2.73), and upper back pain (OR, 2.92; CI, 1.81-4.70). Women with ACS experienced more symptoms (6.1 vs 5.5; P = .026) compared with men. Men without ACS had less symptom distress compared with women. CONCLUSIONS: Women and men evaluated for ACS reported similar rates of chest pain but differed on other classic symptoms. These findings suggest that women and men should be counseled that ACS is not always accompanied by chest pain and multiple symptoms may occur simultaneously.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/diagnóstico , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/fisiopatologia , Avaliação de Sintomas/métodos , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/complicações , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Dor no Peito/etiologia , Tontura/etiologia , Dispneia/etiologia , Eletrocardiografia , Serviços Médicos de Emergência , Fadiga/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Náusea/etiologia , Fatores Sexuais , Síncope
16.
17.
Nurs Res ; 63(2): 83-93, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24589645

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Fatigue is a prevalent and disabling symptom associated with many acute and chronic conditions, including acute myocardial infarction and chronic heart failure. Fatigue has not been explored in patients with stable coronary heart disease (CHD). OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this partially mixed sequential dominant status study was to (a) describe fatigue in patients with stable CHD; (b) determine if specific demographic (gender, age, education, income), physiological (hypertension, hyperlipidemia), or psychological (depressive symptoms) variables were correlated with fatigue; and (c) determine if fatigue was associated with health-related quality of life. The theory of unpleasant symptoms was used as a conceptual framework. METHODS: Patients (N = 102) attending two cardiology clinics completed the Fatigue Symptom Inventory, Patient Health Questionnaire-9, and Medical Outcomes Study Short Form-36 to measure fatigue, depressive symptoms, and health-related quality of life. Thirteen patients whose interference from fatigue was low, moderate, or high participated in qualitative interviews. RESULTS: Forty percent of the sample reported fatigue more than 3 days of the week lasting more than one half of the day. Lower interference from fatigue was reported on standardized measures compared with qualitative interviews. Compared with men, women reported a higher fatigue intensity (p = .003) and more interference from fatigue (p = .007). In regression analyses, depressive symptoms were the sole predictor of fatigue intensity and interference. DISCUSSION: Patients with stable CHD reported clinically relevant levels of fatigue. Patients with stable CHD may discount fatigue as they adapt to their symptoms. Relying solely on standardized measures may provide an incomplete picture of fatigue burden in patients with stable CHD.


Assuntos
Doença das Coronárias/complicações , Doença das Coronárias/psicologia , Depressão/etiologia , Fadiga/etiologia , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Doença das Coronárias/fisiopatologia , Fadiga/diagnóstico , Feminino , Nível de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Qualidade de Vida , Fatores Sexuais , Fatores Socioeconômicos
18.
West J Nurs Res ; 32(7): 967-83, 2010 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20685901

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of three questionnaires to measure fatigue with myocardial infarction. The Fatigue Symptom Inventory Interference Scale, Profile of Moods States Fatigue subscale (POMS-F), and Short Form 36 (SF-36) Vitality Scale were completed during hospitalization (n = 116) and 30 days after hospital admission (n = 49). Moderate to strong correlations were found among each of these fatigue scales and between each fatigue scale and measures of other variables to include vigor, depressed mood, anxiety, and physical functioning. POMS-F scores decreased significantly at Time 2, but this decline in fatigue was not validated on the other fatigue scales. Patients' Time 1 scores reflected significantly more fatigue compared to published scores for healthy adults. The ability to discriminate between groups suggests that the instruments may be useful for identifying patients with cardiovascular risk factors who report clinically significant fatigue.


Assuntos
Fadiga/psicologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/psicologia , Psicometria/instrumentação , Psicometria/normas , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Doença Aguda , Afeto , Idoso , Fadiga/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/complicações
19.
J Cardiopulm Rehabil Prev ; 30(4): 224-30, 2010.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20216323

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Fatigue is a symptom of acute myocardial infarction (AMI); however, few studies have characterized the fatigue associated with AMI in men and women. METHODS: The convenience sample included 88 men and 28 women admitted with a diagnosis of AMI at 6 Midwestern facilities. Data were collected upon hospital admission and 30 days after discharge. A total of 37 men and 10 women responded to the 30-day questionnaires. The Profile of Mood States Fatigue (POMS-F) subscale was used to measure fatigue and the Depression-Dejection subscale to measure depressed mood. RESULTS: At baseline, significant gender differences were found, with women more likely to have higher POMS-F scores (15.80, SD = 7.33) than men (11.19, SD = 7.04, P = .004). Significant gender differences were also found at 30 days (t = 2.40, df = 45, P = .02). POMS-F scores for women were higher at baseline, with decreased fatigue levels 30 days after discharge (t = 5.36, df = 9, P < or = .05). No differences were found in POMS-F scores for men (t = 1.26, df = 36, P = .213) between baseline and 30 days after discharge. Fatigue was associated with depressed mood and gender at baseline (R(2) = 0.48, P < .05) and 30 days after discharge (R(2) = 0.308, P < .05). CONCLUSIONS: In this sample, fatigue at baseline and at 30 days after discharge was associated with gender and depressed mood. Women reported high levels of fatigue with AMI and lower fatigue after discharge. Men reported moderate to high fatigue levels, which did not change over time. Further research is needed to discern fatigue patterns before and after AMI.


Assuntos
Depressão/complicações , Fadiga/etiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/complicações , Depressão/epidemiologia , Fadiga/epidemiologia , Feminino , Indicadores Básicos de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/epidemiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/fisiopatologia , Alta do Paciente , Psicometria , Análise de Regressão , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais , Estatística como Assunto , Inquéritos e Questionários , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
20.
Prog Cardiovasc Nurs ; 23(4): 178-83, 2008.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19067982

RESUMO

The benefits of Off-Pump Coronary Artery Bypass surgery (OPCAB) are well documented, but little information is available that explores the patient's perception of the experience. The purpose of this study was to explore the differences in perceptions and experiences in patients who have undergone both OPCAB and on-pump Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting procedures. Guided by naturalistic inquiry, semistructured qualitative interviews were conducted and audio taped with 4 men living independently. Inductive analysis of the transcripts revealed 7 themes: general comparisons, health care seeking symptoms, loss of control, faith and trust, postoperative depression, interactions with health care professionals, and sharing the life-time experience. The findings from this study will help to guide future research in the area of cardiovascular surgery.


Assuntos
Atitude Frente a Saúde , Ponte de Artéria Coronária sem Circulação Extracorpórea/psicologia , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/psicologia , Adaptação Psicológica , Idoso , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/efeitos adversos , Ponte de Artéria Coronária sem Circulação Extracorpórea/efeitos adversos , Depressão/etiologia , Depressão/psicologia , Medo , Humanos , Controle Interno-Externo , Acontecimentos que Mudam a Vida , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Meio-Oeste dos Estados Unidos , Pesquisa Metodológica em Enfermagem , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto , Assistência Perioperatória/psicologia , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios/psicologia , Relações Profissional-Paciente , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Inquéritos e Questionários , Confiança
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