Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 61
Filtrar
1.
BMC Public Health ; 24(1): 1027, 2024 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38609950

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Women's inability to recognize ovarian cancer (OC) causation myths to be incorrect may lead to behavioral changes that could distract them from actual risk factors and impact their treatment decision making. This study examined Palestinian women's recognition of OC mythical causes, and explored factors associated with good recognition. METHODS: A national cross-sectional study was conducted. Adult Palestinian women were recruited from hospitals, primary healthcare facilities, and public areas in 11 governorates. The Cancer Awareness Measure-Mythical Causes Scale was modified and utilized for data collection. Awareness level was determined based on the number of myths around OC causation recognized to be incorrect: poor (0-4), fair (5-9), and good (10-13). RESULTS: A total of 5618 participants agreed and completed the questionnaire out of 6095 approached (response rate = 92.1%), and 5411 questionnaires were included in the final analysis. The most recognized food-related myth was 'drinking from plastic bottles' (n = 1370, 25.3%) followed by 'eating burnt food' (n = 1298, 24.0%). The least recognized food-related myth was 'eating food containing additives' (n = 611, 11.3%). The most recognized food-unrelated myth was 'having a physical trauma' (n = 2899, 53.6%), whereas the least recognized was 'using mobile phones' (n = 1347, 24.9%). Only 273 participants (5.1%) had good awareness of OC causation myths as incorrect. Earning higher monthly incomes as well as visiting governmental healthcare facilities were associated with a decrease in the likelihood of exhibiting good awareness. CONCLUSION: The overall recognition of OC causation myths was low. Addressing mythical beliefs should be included in OC prevention strategies and public health interventions to improve women's understanding of OC risk factors versus mythical causes.


Assuntos
Árabes , Neoplasias Ovarianas , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Transversais , Neoplasias Ovarianas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/etiologia , Causalidade , Fatores de Risco
2.
BMC Cancer ; 24(1): 183, 2024 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38326766

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lung cancer (LC) has poor survival outcomes mainly due to diagnosis at late stages. This study explored the anticipated time to seek medical advice for possible LC symptoms and barriers to early presentation in Palestine. METHODS: This cross-sectional study recruited adult participants from hospitals, primary healthcare centers, and public spaces of 11 governorates using convenience sampling. A modified, translated-into-Arabic version of the validated LC awareness measure was used to assess LC symptom awareness, the time needed to seek medical advice and barriers to early presentation. RESULTS: A total of 4762 participants were included. The proportion that would immediately seek medical advice for possible LC symptoms varied according to the symptoms' nature. For respiratory symptoms, this ranged from 15.0% for 'painful cough' to 37.0% for 'coughing up blood'. For non-respiratory symptoms, this ranged from '4.2% for 'unexplained loss of appetite' to 13.8% for 'changes in the shape of fingers or nails'. Participants with good LC symptom awareness were more likely to seek medical advice within a week of recognizing most LC symptoms. About 13.0% would delay their visit to see a doctor after recognizing an LC symptom. The most reported barriers were emotional with 'disliking the visit to healthcare facilities' (59.8%) as the leading barrier. CONCLUSION: LC respiratory symptoms were more likely to prompt early seeking of medical advice. Good LC symptom awareness was associated with a higher likelihood of help-seeking within a week. Educational interventions are needed to promote LC awareness and address the perceived barriers to early presentation in low-resource settings, such as Palestine.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pulmonares , Humanos , Adulto , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Projetos de Pesquisa , Emoções , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde/psicologia
3.
JCO Glob Oncol ; 10: e2300470, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38386956

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess colorectal cancer (CRC) awareness and its influence on attitudes toward colonoscopy in Palestine. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Convenience sampling was used to recruit Palestinian adults from hospitals, primary health care centers, and public spaces across 11 governorates. To evaluate the awareness of CRC signs/symptoms, risk factors, and mythical causes, the Bowel Cancer Awareness Measure and Cancer Awareness Measure-Mythical Causes Scale were used after translation into Arabic. For each correctly recognized item, one point was given. The total awareness score of each domain was calculated and categorized into tertiles; the top tertile was considered high awareness, and the other two tertiles were considered low awareness. RESULTS: A total of 4,623 questionnaires were included. Only 1,849 participants (40.0%) exhibited high awareness of CRC signs/symptoms. High awareness of CRC symptoms was associated with higher likelihood of showing positive attitudes toward colonoscopy (odds ratio [OR], 1.21 [95% CI, 1.07 to 1.37]). A total of 1,840 participants (38.9%) demonstrated high awareness of CRC risk factors. Participants with high awareness of CRC risk factors were more likely to display positive attitudes toward colonoscopy (OR, 1.20 [95% CI, 1.07 to 1.37]). Only 219 participants (4.7%) demonstrated high awareness of CRC causation myths. There was no association between awareness of CRC causation myths and positive attitudes toward colonoscopy. CONCLUSION: Awareness of CRC was poor with less than half of the study participants demonstrating high awareness of CRC signs/symptoms and risk factors, and a minority (<5%) displaying high awareness of CRC causation myths. High awareness of CRC signs/symptoms and risk factors was associated with greater likelihood of demonstrating positive attitudes toward colonoscopy. Educational initiatives are needed to address knowledge gaps and dispel misconceptions surrounding CRC.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , Adulto , Humanos , Neoplasias Colorretais/diagnóstico , Árabes , Detecção Precoce de Câncer , Fatores de Risco , Colonoscopia
4.
JCO Glob Oncol ; 10: e2300400, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38386954

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To compare colorectal cancer (CRC) awareness between vegetarians and nonvegetarians in Palestine. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The validated Bowel Cancer Awareness Measure and Cancer Awareness Measure-Mythical Causes Scale were translated into Arabic and used to assess awareness of CRC signs/symptoms, risk factors, and mythical causes. The total awareness score of each domain was calculated and categorized into tertiles; the top tertile was considered as good awareness. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was used to examine the association between being a vegetarian and displaying good awareness in each domain. RESULTS: This study included 4,623 participants: 560 vegetarians (12.1%) and 4,063 nonvegetarians (87.9%). Lump in the abdomen was the most recognized CRC sign/symptom among both nonvegetarians (n = 2,969, 73.1%) and vegetarians (n = 452, 80.7%). Vegetarians were less likely than nonvegetarians to display good awareness of CRC signs/symptoms (odds ratio, 0.59 [95% CI, 0.48 to 0.72]). Lack of physical activity was the most identified modifiable CRC risk factor in both nonvegetarians (n = 3,368, 82.9%) and vegetarians (n = 478, 85.4%). Similarly, having a bowel disease was the most identified nonmodifiable risk factor among both nonvegetarians (n = 2,889, 71.1%) and vegetarians (n = 431, 77.0%). There were no associated differences between both groups in the awareness levels of CRC risk factors. The most recognized food-related CRC causation myth in nonvegetarians was drinking from plastic bottles (n = 1,023, 25.2%), whereas it was eating burnt food in vegetarians (n = 176, 31.4%). Having a physical trauma was the most recognized food-unrelated myth in both nonvegetarians (n = 2,356, 58.0%) and vegetarians (n = 396, 70.7%). There were no associated differences in the awareness of CRC causation myths between both groups. CONCLUSION: Awareness of CRC was notably low in both Palestinian vegetarians and nonvegetarians. Particularly, vegetarians demonstrated lower awareness of CRC signs and symptoms.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , Dieta Vegetariana , Humanos , Estudos Transversais , Árabes , Vegetarianos , Neoplasias Colorretais/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Colorretais/epidemiologia
5.
JCO Glob Oncol ; 10: e2300373, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38386955

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Examining the association of breast cancer (BC) symptom awareness with time to help seeking and exploring barriers to timely presentation may enhance the effectiveness of BC awareness campaigns and early detection efforts. This study aimed to assess the anticipated time for seeking medical advice when experiencing a potential BC symptom among women in Palestine and to identify their barriers to early presentation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A convenience sampling method was used to recruit adult women from hospitals, primary health care facilities, and public areas across 11 governorates in Palestine. A translated-into-Arabic version of the validated BC Awareness Measure was used. The questionnaire consisted of three sections: sociodemographic information, recognition of 13 BC symptoms and reporting time for seeking medical advice, and barriers to early presentation. RESULTS: A total of 5,257 questionnaires were included. The proportion of participants who would seek medical advice immediately varied on the basis of the nature of BC symptoms. For symptoms related to the breast, the proportion ranged from 25.7% for redness of the breast skin to 53.5% for a lump or thickening in the breast. For symptoms related to the nipple, the proportion ranged from 30.7% for nipple rash to 48.0% for discharge or bleeding from the nipple. Exhibiting good BC symptom awareness was associated with a higher likelihood of seeking medical advice within a week for all BC symptoms. Emotional barriers were the most frequently reported barriers. There was no association between increasing levels of BC awareness and reporting fewer or more barriers. CONCLUSION: The nature of BC symptoms had an impact on help-seeking behaviors. Participants with good BC symptom awareness were more likely to seek medical advice earlier.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Adulto , Humanos , Feminino , Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico , Neoplasias da Mama/terapia , Estudos Transversais , Árabes , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde
6.
JCO Glob Oncol ; 10: e2300295, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38166235

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To explore public awareness of myths around colorectal cancer (CRC) causation in Palestine and to examine factors associated with good awareness. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Convenience sampling was used to recruit adult Palestinians from governmental hospitals, primary health care centers, and public spaces. Recognizing 13 myths around CRC causation was assessed using a translated-into-Arabic version of the Cancer Awareness Measure-Mythical Causes Scale. Awareness level was determined based on the number of CRC mythical causes recognized: poor (0-4), fair (5-9), and good (10-13). Multivariable logistic regression was used to examine the association between sociodemographic characteristics and displaying good awareness. It adjusted for age group, sex, education, occupation, monthly income, residence, marital status, having chronic diseases, being a vegetarian, knowing someone with cancer, and site of data collection. RESULTS: Of 5,254 participants approached, 4,877 agreed to participate (response rate, 92.3%). A total of 4,623 questionnaires were included in the final analysis: 2,700 from the West Bank and Jerusalem (WBJ) and 1,923 from the Gaza Strip. Only 219 participants (4.7%) demonstrated good awareness of myths around CRC causation. WBJ participants were twice more likely than those from the Gaza Strip to display good recognition (5.9% v 3.1%). Male sex, living in the WBJ, and visiting hospitals were all associated with an increase in the likelihood of displaying good awareness. Conversely, knowing someone with cancer was associated with a decrease in the likelihood of displaying good awareness. Having a physical trauma was the most recognized CRC causation myth (n = 2,752, 59.5%), whereas eating food containing additives was the least (n = 456, 9.8%). CONCLUSION: Only 4.7% displayed good ability to recognize myths around CRC causation. Future educational interventions are needed to help the public distinguish the evidence-based versus mythical causes of CRC.


Assuntos
Árabes , Neoplasias Colorretais , Adulto , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Transversais , Oriente Médio/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Neoplasias Colorretais/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Colorretais/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/etiologia
7.
BMC Public Health ; 24(1): 189, 2024 01 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38229049

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer (CC) myths and beliefs can negatively impact women's preventive behaviors, including vaccination against human papillomavirus and having regular screening tests. This study aimed to examine awareness of Palestinian women about myths related to CC causation and investigated factors associated with good awareness. METHODS: A national cross-sectional study was conducted to recruit adult Palestinian women from hospitals, primary healthcare facilities, and public areas in 11 Palestinian governorates. A translated-into-Arabic version of the Cancer Awareness Measure-Mythical Causes Scale was used to collect data. Awareness level was determined based on the number of CC myths around CC causation recognized to be incorrect: poor (0-4), fair (5-9), and good (10-13). RESULTS: A total of 7058 questionnaires were included. Myths unrelated to food were more commonly recognized as incorrect compared to those related to food. The most recognized food-unrelated myth was 'having a physical trauma' (n = 3714, 52.6%), whereas the least recognized was 'using mobile phones' (n = 2238, 31.7%). The most recognized food-related myth was 'drinking from plastic bottles' (n = 2708, 38.4%), whereas the least recognized was 'eating food containing additives' (n = 1118, 15.8%). Only 575 participants (8.1%) displayed good awareness and promptly recognized at least 10 out of 13 myths around CC causation as incorrect. Factors associated with lower likelihood of displaying good awareness of myths around CC causation included living in the West Bank and Jerusalem, being married, widowed or divorced, knowing someone with cancer, and visiting hospitals or primary healthcare centers. CONCLUSIONS: A very small proportion of Palestinian women recognized 10 or more myths around CC causes as incorrect. Initiatives addressing CC myths are needed in the Palestinian community.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Colo do Útero , Adulto , Humanos , Feminino , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/epidemiologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/etiologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/prevenção & controle , Estudos Transversais , Árabes , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Oriente Médio , Inquéritos e Questionários
8.
HPB (Oxford) ; 26(3): 370-378, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38042732

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We used a novel combined analysis to evaluate various factors associated with failure to undergo surgery in non-metastatic pancreatic cancer. METHODS: We identified rates of surgery and reasons for surgical attrition from clinical trials, which studied neoadjuvant therapy in resectable pancreatic cancer. Next, we queried the National Cancer Database (NCDB) for Stage I-III, T1-3 pancreatic adenocarcinoma patients. We investigated the rates and factors associated with the receipt of surgery. Finally, we evaluated variable importance predicting the receipt of surgery. RESULTS: In clinical trials, 25-30 % of patients did not undergo surgery, mostly due to disease progression. In the NCDB, the overall surgical rate was only 49 %, but increased to 67 % in a curated cohort meant to mirror clinical trial patients. Patients treated at low-volume institutions (OR = 0.64, 95 % CI: 0.61-0.67) and who were uninsured (OR = 0.56, 95 % CI: 0.52-0.62) and Medicaid-insured (OR = 0.67, 95 % CI: 0.64-0.71) were less likely to receive potentially curative surgery. CONCLUSION: We have identified a realistic target surgery rate of 70%-75 % in potentially-resectable pancreatic cancer. While attrition to pancreatic cancer surgery is mostly due to tumor biology, our study identified the most important non-medical barriers, such as facility volume and insurance, affecting pancreatic cancer surgery.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma , Neoplasias Pancreáticas , Estados Unidos , Humanos , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/cirurgia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patologia , Adenocarcinoma/cirurgia , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Terapia Neoadjuvante , Progressão da Doença
9.
Surgery ; 175(2): 477-483, 2024 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37940433

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Clinically relevant postoperative pancreatic fistula remains a common complication after pancreatoduodenectomy. The fistula risk score is a validated tool to predict the risk of clinically relevant postoperative pancreatic fistula. To mitigate complications, we have implemented an extended antibiotic pathway for patients at increased risk of clinically relevant postoperative pancreatic fistula (fistula risk score ≥3). We report outcomes after pancreatoduodenectomy in patients at increased risk for clinically relevant postoperative pancreatic fistula who received extended antibiotic therapy compared to those who received standard perioperative antibiotics (single dose before incision). METHODS: Single-institution analysis of 87 patients who underwent elective pancreatoduodenectomy (2018-2022) with soft gland texture and fistula risk score ≥3 and were treated with (n = 34) or without (n = 53) 10 days of broad-spectrum antibiotics (piperacillin/tazobactam converted to amoxicillin/clavulanic acid at discharge) after surgery. Associations between extended antibiotics and postoperative outcomes were analyzed. RESULTS: Baseline clinicodemographic factors were similar between cohorts. Patients who received extended antibiotics had shorter index days (6 vs 8 days, P = .004) and 90-day composite length of stay (8.5 vs 12 days, P = .018). Patients who received extended antibiotics had lower rates of clinically relevant postoperative pancreatic fistula (11.8% vs 37.7%; odds ratio = 0.17, 95% confidence interval: 0.04-0.68), wound infections (8.8% vs 30.2%; odds ratio = 0.08, 95% confidence interval: 0.01-0.50), organ space infections (14.7% vs 43.4%; odds ratio = 0.15, 95% confidence interval: 0.04-0.52), and image-guided drain placement (8.8% vs 34.0%; odds ratio = 0.15, 95% confidence interval: 0.04-0.62). There were no Clostridium difficile infections in the extended antibiotic group. CONCLUSION: Extended antibiotic therapy is associated with a lower rate of clinically relevant postoperative pancreatic fistula and associated complications after pancreatoduodenectomy in patients with a fistula risk score ≥3. These results form the basis of a randomized controlled trial (NCT05753735).


Assuntos
Fístula Pancreática , Pancreaticoduodenectomia , Humanos , Fístula Pancreática/epidemiologia , Fístula Pancreática/etiologia , Pancreaticoduodenectomia/efeitos adversos , Pâncreas , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Fatores de Risco , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico
10.
Surgery ; 175(2): 251-257, 2024 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37981548

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The surgical management of 1- to 2-cm neuroendocrine tumors of the appendix is an area of debate. We analyzed the clinical outcomes of appendectomy and compared them to right hemicolectomy. METHODS: We queried the National Cancer Database to identify patients treated for 1- to 2-cm ANETs from 2004 to 2018. Patients were stratified by surgical approach (appendectomy vs. hemicolectomy). Multivariable models were used to identify factors associated with the choice of surgical approach and the association between surgical approach and overall survival. RESULTS: Of the 3,189 patients we included, 1,573 (49.3%) underwent right hemicolectomy and 1,616 (50.7%) appendectomy. The appendectomy rate increased from 37.7% in 2004 to 58.9% in 2018. On multivariable analysis, patients with grade 2 and 3 tumors were less likely to undergo appendectomy alone (odds ratio = 0.41, 95% confidence interval = 0.26-0.66). Longer travel distance was associated with a higher likelihood of undergoing appendectomy (odds ratio = 2.52, 95% confidence interval = 1.15-5.51). After adjusting for tumor grade, appendectomy alone had similar survival to hemicolectomy (hazard ratio = 1.03, 95% confidence interval = 0.67-1.59). CONCLUSION: In this updated analysis of the National Cancer Database, right hemicolectomy was not associated with improved overall survival compared to appendectomy alone for 1- to 2-cm neuroendocrine tumors of the appendix. Although patients with grade 2 or 3 tumors are more likely to undergo right hemicolectomy, this procedure may not improve their treatment or overall outcome.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Apêndice , Tumores Neuroendócrinos , Humanos , Apendicectomia/métodos , Neoplasias do Apêndice/cirurgia , Neoplasias do Apêndice/patologia , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Colectomia/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos
11.
Crit Rev Oncol Hematol ; 193: 104193, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37926375

RESUMO

We reviewed phase II and III trials beginning after 2010 studying preoperative therapy in melanoma (61 trials). Compared to standard adjuvant treatment, neoadjuvant immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) show improved outcomes with approximately 70-80% recurrence free survival at 2 years. Several biomarkers demonstrate predictive value for pathological response (higher PD-L1 expression) and survival (IFN-γ signatures, CD8 + cell density). A number of 'non-standard' treatment mechanisms are being studied in combination with ICI therapies such as TLR-9 agonists, and anti-LAG3 checkpoint inhibitors, which show promise for alternative therapy options in the neoadjuvant setting. Finally, trials for advanced unresectable melanomas show improved survival compared to definitive systemic treatment when upfront systemic therapies lead to resectability. To conclude, in the preoperative setting for melanoma, ICIs have potential to improve outcomes for patients, and will likely change the standard treatment approach for advanced resectable disease.


Assuntos
Melanoma , Humanos , Melanoma/tratamento farmacológico , Terapia Neoadjuvante , Imunoterapia
12.
J Surg Oncol ; 129(3): 509-516, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37985362

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: There is no consensus guidelines on the best timing to perform Sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) in high-risk melanoma patients. We aimed to understand the impact of surgical timing on nodal upstaging in patients with cutaneous melanoma. METHODS: We queried the National Cancer Database from 2004 to 2018 for patients with T2-T4, N0, M0 melanomas, who underwent melanoma excision and nodal surgery. We included patients who underwent surgery within 2-19 weeks postdiagnosis. We aimed to determine the association of surgical delay (weeks) with nodal positivity. RESULTS: A total of 53 355 patients were included, of whom 20.9% had positive lymph nodes. Patients underwent surgery at a median of 5 (4-7) weeks after diagnosis. The rate of positive nodes increased with increased weeks to surgery (line of best-fit slope = 0.38). Multivariable regression analysis identified an association between time to surgery and nodal positivity (2.4% increased risk per week, p < 0.05). Our analysis showed significantly increased likelihood of nodal positivity beginning 9 weeks after diagnosis (odds ratio [OR] = 1.3, p < 0.05). Furthermore, patients with T2-3 tumors had a significant increase in nodal positivity with increased time to surgery (OR = 1.03 per week, p < 0.001). However, no significant trend in nodal positivity was identified for patients with T4 melanomas (OR = 1.01 per week, p = 0.596). CONCLUSION: Surgery within 9 weeks of melanoma diagnosis was not associated with increased likelihood of nodal positivity. These data can guide clinical conversations regarding the importance of surgical timing for melanoma.


Assuntos
Melanoma , Neoplasias Cutâneas , Humanos , Melanoma/patologia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/cirurgia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Biópsia de Linfonodo Sentinela , Excisão de Linfonodo
13.
J Surg Res ; 295: 705-716, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38141457

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: We compared long-term survival of patients with localized biliary tract cancers (BTCs) treated with either surgical resection or multiagent chemotherapy. METHODS: Patients with localized BTC [gallbladder adenocarcinoma, extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma, intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma] were identified within the National Cancer Database (2010-2017). Piecewise-constant hazard modeling was used to estimate hazard ratios (HRs) at prespecified intervals: 0-30 d, 31-60 d, 61-90 d, and >90 d post-treatment. RESULTS: A total of 5988 patients with localized BTC were identified: 2697 (45.0%) received multiagent chemotherapy and 3291 (55.0%) underwent surgical resection. Patients with gallbladder adenocarcinoma or extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma who were treated with surgical resection had an associated decline in overall survival (OS) as compared to those treated with multiagent chemotherapy within 0-30 d of treatment initiation (gallbladder adenocarcinoma [adjusted HR = 3.94, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.77-8.80]; extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma [adjusted HR = 4.88, 95% CI: 2.76-8.61]). However, there was an associated improvement in OS for patients treated with surgical resection after 90 d from treatment initiation (gallbladder adenocarcinoma [adjusted HR = 0.36, 95% CI: 0.28-0.46]; extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma [adjusted HR = 0.27, 95% CI: 0.24-0.32]). Among patients with intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma, those who underwent surgical resection had an associated improvement in OS at 31-60 d (adjusted HR = 0.63, 95% CI: 0.40-0.99) and a further associated increase in OS at 61-90 d (adjusted HR = 0.34, 95% CI: 0.21-0.54) and after 90 d (HR = 0.23, 95% CI: 0.21-0.27) of treatment initiation. CONCLUSIONS: For patients with localized BTC, surgical resection alone is associated with improved long-term survival outcomes compared to multiagent chemotherapy alone.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares , Neoplasias do Sistema Biliar , Colangiocarcinoma , Neoplasias da Vesícula Biliar , Humanos , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/cirurgia , Neoplasias do Sistema Biliar/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias do Sistema Biliar/cirurgia , Colangiocarcinoma/tratamento farmacológico , Colangiocarcinoma/cirurgia , Neoplasias da Vesícula Biliar/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Vesícula Biliar/cirurgia , Ductos Biliares Intra-Hepáticos/patologia
14.
JCO Glob Oncol ; 9: e2300184, 2023 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38085044

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Having an accurate knowledge of what truly increases the likelihood of developing lung cancer (LC) may help people make better decisions about lifestyle changes that could potentially lower their risk. This study assessed current beliefs in LC causation myths among Palestinians and explored factors associated with displaying good recognition of such myths. METHODS: A national cross-sectional study was conducted from July 2019 to March 2020. A modified version of the Cancer Awareness Measure-Mythical Causes Scale was used for data collection. The awareness level of LC causation myths was determined based on the number of myths recognized to be incorrect: poor (0-4), fair (5-9), and good (10-13). RESULTS: A total of 4,817 participants completed the questionnaire of 5,174 approached (response rate = 93.1%). In total, 4,762 participants were included in the final analysis. Myths unrelated to food were more commonly recognized than food-related myths. The food-related myth most frequently recognized was eating burnt food (n = 1,427; 30.0%) followed by drinking from plastic bottles (n = 1,389; 29.2%). The food-related myth least commonly recognized was eating food containing additives (n = 737; 15.5%). The most frequently recognized myth unrelated to food was having a physical trauma (n = 2,903; 61%), whereas the least was using cleaning products (n = 1,140; 23.9%). Only 287 participants (6%) displayed good awareness. Having a chronic disease and knowing someone with cancer were associated with a decrease in the likelihood of displaying good awareness. Conversely, participants who were smoking cigarettes/shisha and those recruited from hospitals had an associated increase in the likelihood of displaying good awareness. CONCLUSION: This study found very poor awareness of LC causation myths, with only 6% recognizing ≥10 myths. Initiatives addressing LC mythical causes are needed.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pulmonares , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/etiologia , Estudos Transversais , Árabes , Inquéritos e Questionários
15.
BMC Public Health ; 23(1): 2370, 2023 11 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38031084

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The discussion about breast cancer (BC) causation continues to be surrounded by a number of myths and misbeliefs. If efforts are misdirected towards reducing risk from false mythical causes, individuals might be less likely to consider and adopt risk-reducing behaviors for evidence-based BC causes. This national study aimed to assess the awareness of BC causation myths and misbeliefs among Palestinian women, and examine the factors associated with having good awareness. METHODS: This national cross-sectional study recruited adult women from government hospitals, primary healthcare centers, and public spaces in 11 governorates in Palestine. A modified version of the Cancer Awareness Measure-Mythical Causes Scale was used to collect data. The level of awareness of BC causation myths was determined based on the number of myths recognized to be incorrect: poor (0-5), fair (6-10), or good (11-15). RESULTS: A total of 5,257 questionnaires were included. Only 269 participants (5.1%) demonstrated good awareness (i.e., recognizing more than 10 out of 15 BC mythical causes). There were no notable differences in displaying good awareness between the main areas of Palestine, the Gaza Strip and the West Bank and Jerusalem (5.1% vs. 5.1%). Having chronic disease as well as visiting hospitals and primary healthcare centers were associated with a decrease in the likelihood of displaying good awareness. Myths related to food were less frequently recognized as incorrect than food-unrelated myths. 'Eating burnt food' was the most recognized food-related myth (n = 1414, 26.9%), while 'eating food containing additives' was the least recognized (n = 599, 11.4%). 'Having a physical trauma' was the most recognized food-unrelated myth (n = 2795, 53.2%), whereas the least recognized was 'wearing tight bra' (n = 1018, 19.4%). CONCLUSIONS: A very small proportion of Palestinian women could recognize 10 or more myths around BC causation. There is a substantial need to include clear information about BC causation in future educational interventions besides focusing on BC screening, signs and symptoms, and risk factors.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Adulto , Humanos , Feminino , Neoplasias da Mama/epidemiologia , Neoplasias da Mama/etiologia , Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico , Estudos Transversais , Árabes , Oriente Médio/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde
16.
BMC Cancer ; 23(1): 975, 2023 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37833659

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Several factors contribute to delayed presentation with ovarian cancer (OC) symptoms including poor symptom awareness and barriers to seeking help. This study explored the anticipated time to seek medical advice for possible OC symptoms and its association with OC symptom awareness. In addition, it examined perceived barriers that may delay help-seeking among Palestinian women. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among adult women (≥ 18 years) recruited from hospitals, primary healthcare centers, and public spaces in 11 Palestinian governorates. A modified version of the OC awareness measure was used to collect data in face-to-face interviews. The questionnaire comprised three sections: sociodemographic details, awareness of 11 OC symptoms and time to seek medical advice, and barriers to early presentation. RESULTS: Of 6095 participants approached, 5618 completed the OCAM (response rate = 92.1%). The proportion of participants who would immediately seek medical advice for a possible OC symptom varied based on the symptom's nature. For OC symptoms with pain, the proportion that reported immediate seeking of medical advice ranged from 7.9% for 'persistent low back pain' to 13.6% for 'persistent pain in the pelvis'. For non-specific potential OC symptoms, the proportion that reported immediate seeking of medical advice ranged from 2.3% for 'feeling full persistently' to 15.8% for 'increased abdominal size on most days'. Good OC symptom awareness was associated with higher likelihood of seeking medical advice within a week from recognizing 10 out of 11 OC symptoms. Emotional barriers were the most common barriers with 'feeling scared' as the most reported barrier (n = 1512, 52.4%). Displaying good OC symptom awareness was associated with a lower likelihood of reporting ≥ 4 emotional barriers (OR = 0.61, 95% CI: 0.38-0.98). CONCLUSION: Participants with good OC symptom awareness were more likely to seek medical advice earlier and to display fewer emotional barriers. Establishing educational interventions to raise OC awareness may help in promoting earlier help-seeking and, thus, facilitate earlier diagnosis and improved prognosis.


Assuntos
Árabes , Neoplasias Ovarianas , Adulto , Humanos , Feminino , Estudos Transversais , Detecção Precoce de Câncer , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Neoplasias Ovarianas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Ovarianas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/psicologia , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde/psicologia , Dor
18.
HPB (Oxford) ; 25(12): 1502-1512, 2023 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37558565

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We examined disparities in guideline-compliant care at minority-serving hospitals (MSH) versus non-MSH among patients with localized or metastatic pancreatic adenocarcinoma (PDAC). METHODS: Patients with PDAC were identified within the National Cancer Database (2004-2018). Guideline-compliant care was defined as surgery + chemotherapy ± radiation therapy for localized and chemotherapy for metastatic disease. Facilities in the top decile of minority patients treated were considered MSH. RESULTS: A total of 190,950 patients were identified and most (59.6%) had metastatic disease. Overall, 6.4% of patients with localized and 8.2% of patients with metastatic disease were treated at MSH. Patients treated at MSH were less likely to receive guideline-compliant care (localized: OR = 0.78, 95% CI: 0.67-0.91; metastatic: OR = 0.77, 95% CI: 0.67-0.88). Minority patients were less likely to receive guideline-compliant care at non-MSH (localized: OR = 0.71, 95% CI: 0.67-0.75; metastatic: OR = 0.85, 95% CI: 0.82-0.89) or MSH (localized: OR = 0.85, 95% CI: 0.74-0.98; metastatic: OR = 0.91, 95% CI: 0.82-0.99). Patients treated at non-MSH or MSH who received guideline-compliant care were more likely to have higher OS regardless of stage or race. CONCLUSIONS: MSH patients were less likely to receive guideline-compliant care and minority patients were less likely to receive guideline-compliant care regardless of MSH status. Guideline-compliant care was associated with improved OS.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático , Neoplasias Pancreáticas , Humanos , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/terapia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patologia , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Hospitais , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/terapia , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/patologia , Disparidades em Assistência à Saúde , Neoplasias Pancreáticas
19.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 30(13): 8610-8620, 2023 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37624518

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The association of time to treatment (TTT) with survival remains unclear in pancreatic adenocarcinoma (PDAC). In this study, we evaluate the recent trends in TTT, causes for delay, and its effect on survival. METHODS: We included patients with PDAC of all stages from the National Cancer Database (2004-2020) who underwent either surgery or chemotherapy/radiotherapy (CT/RT). TTT was defined as the duration between tissue diagnosis and first treatment. Linear regression (ß) was used to study the temporal trends in time delay. RESULTS: A total of 239,638 patients were included. The median TTT was 25 days. Using multivariable analysis, we found that increasing age (OR 1.48), female gender (OR 1.04), Black race (OR 1.3), lower educational status (OR 1.2), Medicaid, Medicare insurance, and uninsured (OR 1.2, 1.5, and 1.2, respectively), treatment at academic centers (OR 1.3), higher Charlson-Deyo comorbidity index (OR 1.2), and CT/RT (OR 1.5) were associated with increased TTT. There was a steady rise in median TTT from 21 to 28 days between 2004 and 2020 (ß = 0.3), suggestive of a worsening trend. Concurrently, there was an increasing trend in utilization of neoadjuvant CT/RT between 2004 and 2020 in early-stage PDAC. On Cox regression, TTT delay was associated with poor overall survival in stage I-IV patients (HR 1.1, 1.1, 1.09, and 1.53, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Delayed treatment approaching 2 months was observed in 10% of the population. The rising temporal trend in TTT may be attributed to the increasing shift toward neoadjuvant CT/RT in early-stage PDAC and/or the increasing use of tissue biopsy prior to surgery.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma , Neoplasias Pancreáticas , Humanos , Feminino , Idoso , Estados Unidos , Prognóstico , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patologia , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Tempo para o Tratamento , Medicare , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Pancreáticas
20.
Surgery ; 174(5): 1201-1207, 2023 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37604756

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We examined differences in surgical intervention at minority-serving hospitals versus non-minority-serving hospitals among patients with early-stage hepatocellular carcinoma. We also investigated associations between surgical management and overall survival, stratified by minority-serving hospital status. METHODS: Patients with early-stage hepatocellular carcinoma, defined as cT1, were identified within the National Cancer Database (2004-2018). The primary outcome was surgical intervention (resection, ablation, or transplantation). The proportion of minority (non-Hispanic Black or Hispanic) patients treated at each facility was determined, and hospitals in the top decile were considered minority-serving hospitals. RESULTS: A total of 46,703 patients with early-stage hepatocellular carcinoma were identified, of whom 4,214 (9.0%) were treated at minority-serving hospitals. Patients treated at minority-serving hospitals were less likely to undergo surgical intervention than patients treated at non-minority-serving hospitals (odds ratio = 0.87, 95% confidence interval: 0.81-0.94). Minority patients treated at non-minority-serving hospitals were less likely to undergo surgical intervention than White patients (odds ratio = 0.86, 95% confidence interval: 0.82-0.90) and had a further associated decrease in the likelihood of surgical intervention when treated at minority-serving hospitals (odds ratio = 0.81, 95% confidence interval: 0.69-0.94). Regardless of minority-serving hospital status, surgery was associated with improved overall survival. There were no clinically meaningful differences in overall survival between White and minority patients who underwent surgery either at minority-serving hospitals or non-minority-serving hospitals. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with early-stage hepatocellular carcinoma had an associated decrease in the likelihood of surgical intervention when treated at minority-serving hospitals. Minority patients treated at minority-serving hospitals had an associated decrease in the likelihood of surgery, but to a lesser extent when treated at non-minority-serving hospitals. Surgery was associated with improved overall survival regardless of minority or minority-serving hospital status.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...