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1.
Rev. argent. dermatol ; 98(3): 0-0, set. 2017. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-897379

RESUMO

El liquen amiloideo es un tipo de amiloidosis cutánea primaria localizada, de etiología desconocida. Generalmente afecta a adultos, siendo más frecuente en ciertos grupos étnicos. Clínicamente se manifiesta por pápulas pruriginosas, frecuentemente localizadas en miembros inferiores. Presentamos el caso de una mujer de 50 años, con un historial de dos años caracterizado por pápulas agminadas en piernas, que tras la realización de una biopsia se diagnosticó liquen amiloideo.


Amyloid lichen is a type of localized primary cutaneous amyloidosis of unknown etiology. It usually affects adults being more frequent in certain ethnic groups. Clinically it is manifested by pruritic papules frequently located in lower limbs. We present the case of a 50-year-old woman, with a two-year history characterized by papules agminated in the legs that diagnosed amyloid lichen after biopsy.

2.
Rev. chil. enferm. respir ; 32(2): 113-118, jun. 2016. ilus, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: lil-795887

RESUMO

Wheat flour is a known sensitizer for humans. Bakers exposed to flour dust may develop occupational rhinitis and asthma. In Chile there is no current permissible limit for occupational exposure to wheat flour. To propose such a limit, 9 bakeries located in 6 districts of Santiago de Chile were evaluated, 6 bakeries were semi-industrial and 3 were small business. Twenty-eight environmental personal samples were obtained by standard sampling methods and they were analyzed at the Institute of Public Health of Chile. No significant differences were found (p = 0,2915, Kruskall-Wallis' test) between air concentrations of flour particles in the working environment of semi-industrial (geometric mean: MG = 0.88 mg/m³,geometric deviation: DEG = 2,68) and small business (MG = 1.39 mg/m³, DEG = 2,31). A permissible limit of wheat flour dust exposure is recommended.


Se conoce que la harina de trigo es un sensibilizador en seres humanos. Los panaderos expuestos a polvo de harina pueden desarrollar rinitis y asma ocupacional. En Chile actualmente no existe un límite permisible para la exposición ocupacional a polvo de harina. Con el objetivo de proponer un límite, fueron evaluadas 9 panaderías de 6 comunas de Santiago de Chile, de las cuales 6 fueron semi-industriales y 3 pequeñas. Un total de veintiocho muestras personales de aire fueron obtenidas según método estándar de muestreo y analizadas en el Instituto de Salud Pública de Chile. No se encontraron diferencias significativas (p = 0,2915, prueba de Kruskall-Wallis) en la concentración de partículas de harina en el ambiente de trabajo semi-industrial (media geométrica: MG = 0,88 mg/m³, desviación geométrica: DEG = 2,68) y en el de panaderías pequeñas (MG = 1,39 mg/m³, DEG = 2,31). En base a las observaciones realizadas se recomienda establecer un límite permisible de exposición para polvo de harina de trigo.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Pós/análise , Alérgenos/análise , Exposição Ocupacional/efeitos adversos , Asma Ocupacional/etiologia , Farinha/análise , Indústria Alimentícia , Chile , Exposição Ocupacional/análise
3.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 123(10): 1189-98, oct. 1995. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: lil-164892

RESUMO

We studied the evolution of HIV-1 infection and immune response during six years in 2 twins born from an infected mother. The children had a continous progression of the infection, proved by CD4+ cell counts, serum anti-HIV antibodies, cultivable virus and proviral load. Now, both children are on antiviral treatment. The analysis of serum antibodies showed a different immune response in both children. One of them, developed higher levels of antibodies directed against viral proteins and synthetic peptides derived from their aminoacid sequence. In this child, the amount of cultivable virus increased less than in his twin. Nucleotide sequencing of a part of viral genoma, showed that the virus belonged to the B subtype, prevalent in America and Europe. The observed differences in viral sequences suggest a different selective pressure in both twins. This phenomenon could be related to the observed differences in immune response


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Infecções por HIV/congênito , HIV/patogenicidade , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Infecções por HIV/virologia , Seguimentos , Imunoadesinas CD4 , Doenças em Gêmeos/diagnóstico , Progressão da Doença
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