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1.
J Oral Rehabil ; 2024 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38570927

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Various medical conditions and the drugs used to treat them have been shown to impede or complicate dental implant surgery. It is crucial to carefully monitor the medical status and potential post-operative complications of patients with systemic diseases, particularly elderly patients, to minimize the risk of health complications that may arise. AIM: The purpose of this study was to review the existing evidence on the viability of dental implants in patients with systemic diseases and to provide practical recommendations to achieve the best possible results in the corresponding patient population. METHODS: The information for our study was compiled using data from PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science and Google Scholar databases and searched separately for each systemic disease included in our work until October 2023. An additional manual search was also performed to increase the search sensitivity. Only English-language publications were included and assessed according to titles, abstracts and full texts. RESULTS: In total, 6784 studies were found. After checking for duplicates and full-text availability, screening for the inclusion criteria and manually searching reference lists, 570 articles remained to be considered in this study. CONCLUSION: In treating patients with systemic conditions, the cost-benefit analysis should consider the patient's quality of life and expected lifespan. The success of dental implants depends heavily on ensuring appropriate maintenance therapy, ideal oral hygiene standards, no smoking and avoiding other risk factors. Indications and contraindications for dental implants in cases of systemic diseases are yet to be more understood; broader and hardcore research needs to be done for a guideline foundation.

2.
Dent Med Probl ; 61(1): 29-34, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38376354

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Children diagnosed with velocardiofacial syndrome (VCFS) suffer from various disabilities. Palatal abnormalities, as well as speech and language impairment, adversely affect a child's quality of life (QoL) and are some of the most distressing aspects for the parents of these children. OBJECTIVES: The present study aimed to explore the effect of palatoplasty on the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and speech outcomes in children with VCFS. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study recruited 20 patients (N = 20) with VCFS and connected speech, aged 3 years or older, having either undiagnosed submucous cleft palate (SMCP) or velopharyngeal insufficiency (VPI), and requiring primary cleft palate surgery or revision surgery. Speech assessment was conducted prior to palatoplasty and 6 months after the surgery. Intelligibility and hypernasality were evaluated using the Cleft Audit Protocol for Speech - Augmented (CAPS-A). The parent proxy-report form of the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL™) was used to evaluate and compare the HRQoL of the VCFS patients before and after palatoplasty. RESULTS: Significant improvement in the HRQoL scores was achieved after the surgery across all domains (physical, emotional, social, and school functioning), especially in the emotional and social dimensions (p < 0.000). The post-operative speech assessment based on CAPS-A demonstrated improvement in speech intelligibility and hypernasality in the majority of patients. CONCLUSIONS: Given that children with VCFS face various medical and social problems, suitable palatal interventions are beneficial, improving both the speech ability and QoL of these children.


Assuntos
Fissura Palatina , Síndrome de DiGeorge , Criança , Humanos , Fissura Palatina/complicações , Fissura Palatina/cirurgia , Síndrome de DiGeorge/complicações , Síndrome de DiGeorge/cirurgia , Qualidade de Vida , Fala
3.
Dent Clin North Am ; 66(3): 443-457, 2022 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35738738

RESUMO

The lips are the main aesthetic component of the facial lower third and simultaneously a substantial element for an ideally perceived smile. One of the most accepted and common procedures that is widely used to enhance the shape and contours of the upper lip is the lip lift. With a careful treatment plan and a professional surgery, a lip lift can reliably be used for the reduction of the philtrum height, enlargement of the upper vermilion, improvement of the dental show, restoration of facial aesthetic proportions, and creation of an enchanting smile.


Assuntos
Lábio , Procedimentos de Cirurgia Plástica , Estética Dentária , Face , Humanos , Lábio/cirurgia , Sorriso
4.
Maxillofac Plast Reconstr Surg ; 44(1): 17, 2022 Apr 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35451637

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Various techniques with different grafts and implants have been proposed to establish a smooth and symmetric nasal dorsum with adequate function. Broadly, two categories of materials have been used in this regard: alloplastic implant materials and autograft materials. The aim of these meta-analyses is to explore the incidence of complications after dorsum augmentation surgery using alloplastic materials. MATERIALS AND METHODS: After duplication removal 491 papers remained that title and abstract were assessed for eligibility. Regarding the study type, 27 observational studies were included, 21 retrospective and 6 prospective case series. A total of 3803 cases were enrolled in this systematic review and meta-analysis. RESULT: Twenty-seven articles reported on complications and outcomes of dorsal augmentation rhinoplasty with synthetic materials. In a random-effects model, the weighted mean percentage was 2.75% (95% CI 1.61 to 4.17%). the weighted mean percentage were 1.91% (95% CI 0.77 to 3.54%), 0.72% (95% CI 0.316 to 1.31%), and 0.78% (95% CI 0.43 to 1.24%) respectively. CONCLUSION: The widely used alloplasts were expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE), high-density polyethylene, and silicone. The total rates for complications, infection, deviation, irregularity, hematoma, extrusion, and overcorrection were 2.75%, 1.91%, 0.72%, 0.70%, 0.78%, and 0.49%, respectively. The revision rate, based on the random effects model, was 6.40% with 95%CI (3.84 to 9.57). TRIAL REGISTRATION: This meta-analysis was registered at the International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews (PROSPERO, registration number CRD42020209644 ).

5.
Aesthetic Plast Surg ; 46(4): 1831-1847, 2022 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35165759

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Spreader grafts and spreader flaps are one of the most common techniques utilized in rhinoplasty surgeries. The aim of this study was to determine the complications, satisfaction, and revision rates associated with spreader grafts and spreader flaps and to compare these two modalities. MATERIALS AND METHODS: PRISMA guidelines were followed for conducting this systematic review. The authors searched the literature systematically for pertinent materials in PubMed/Medline and Google Scholar. Inclusion criteria of this search included: randomized and non-randomized clinical trials, cohorts, and case series with more than 5 participants on rhinoplasty using spreader grafts or spreader flaps with detailed report either on complications, revision, and satisfaction rates. Furthermore, exclusion criteria included: any cadaveric or non-human study, case reports, technical notes, and review articles. RESULTS: The initial literature search yielded a total of 193 studies. Following screening each paper and implementing the inclusion and exclusion criteria, 40 articles were chosen. In the spreader graft group, from 21 studies reporting complications, 6 of them reported no complication. The most common complications were nasal obstruction, inverted V deformity and open roof deformity, deviation, and infection. In the spreader flap group, from 6 studies reporting any existing complications, 1 reported no complications. Five other studies reported some degree of complications. In terms of revision rate, 10 patients (0.62%) underwent revision surgery after spreader graft placement, while only 2 patients (0.35%) revised surgically in the spreader flap group. CONCLUSION: These two methods seem to have no significant difference in terms of complication rates, and both are recommended as a choice in middle vault reconstruction when each of their clinical use is indicated. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE IV: This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to Authors www.springer.com/00266.


Assuntos
Obstrução Nasal , Rinoplastia , Estética , Humanos , Obstrução Nasal/cirurgia , Septo Nasal/cirurgia , Reoperação , Rinoplastia/efeitos adversos , Rinoplastia/métodos , Retalhos Cirúrgicos/transplante , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Maxillofac Plast Reconstr Surg ; 44(1): 3, 2022 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35025010

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The rapidly developed vaccines against the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 carry a risk of provoking side effects. This study aimed to evaluate current vaccination non-serious/serious side effects. METHODS: A multicenter electronic questionnaire via an online platform was conducted over a 1-week period among vaccinated dental staff and dental students inquiring whether they experienced vaccine-related side-effects after vaccine administration. RESULTS: A total of 1205 respondents with a mean age of 39 (SD: 12) were retained for the analyses. The following vaccines were reported; Gam-COVID-Vac (Sputnik V), ChAdOx1 nCoV-19 (AstraZeneca), BBV152 (Covaxin), or BBIBP-CorV (Sinopharm). The majority of respondents received ChAdOx1 nCoV-19 (51.1%) and Gam-COVID-Vac (37.6%). The symptoms most frequently reported after vaccination were fatigue (79%), local pain in the injection site (77.4%), malaise (73%), and body pain (71.1%). Enrollees reported more onset of reactions on 0-12 h (44.1%) and 12-24 h (29.0%) after vaccine administration (p value <0.001). In 75.7%, the side effects last for up to 3 days. Merely 5.5% of cases reported the presence of side effects after the first week. Individuals with a history of SARSCoV-2 and other infections (MERS, influenza, and EBV) were more likely to report a number of unserious systemic side effects. CONCLUSION: The commonly reported adverse events were in line with similar studies. We have concerns with the frequency of serious adverse effects. This work necessitates the need for further clinical assessments with larger sample sizes.

7.
Aesthet Surg J ; 42(6): 590-602, 2022 05 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34864854

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Insufficient support of the nasal mid-vault during rhinoplasty can cause significant complications. Accordingly, surgeons have recently paid much more attention to the preservation of nasal patency. The spreader graft is the gold standard technique for the reconstruction of nasal mid-vault. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to compare the spreader graft and spreader flap in terms of aesthetic and functional outcomes. METHODS: An inclusive search was performed with PubMed/Medline, Google Scholar, and Cochrane Library databases up to April 2021. Multiple aesthetic and functional factors, including dorsal aesthetic lines restoration, satisfaction rate, internal nasal valve angle improvement, nasal obstruction symptom evaluation scale, and active anterior rhinomanometry were evaluated. Also, a meta-analysis was performed on the included articles that provided adequate data for mentioned factors. RESULTS: After excluding papers that did not conform with the selection criteria, 10 articles with a total sample size of 567 cases with a mean age of 27.7 years (range, 18-65 years) were finally included. Analysis of the data revealed no statistically significant difference between the spreader graft and spreader flap techniques in terms of dorsal aesthetic lines restoration, internal nasal valve angle improvement, nasal obstruction symptom evaluation scale, and anterior rhinomanometry. CONCLUSIONS: However, in terms of satisfaction rate, the analyzes indicated that spreader graft has significantly superior aesthetic outcomes. Generally, in case of appropriately selected patients, there is no statistically significant difference between spreader graft and spreader flap techniques in terms of aesthetic and functional outcomes.


Assuntos
Obstrução Nasal , Rinoplastia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Estética , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obstrução Nasal/cirurgia , Septo Nasal/cirurgia , Nariz/cirurgia , Rinoplastia/efeitos adversos , Rinoplastia/métodos , Retalhos Cirúrgicos , Adulto Jovem
8.
Aesthet Surg J ; 41(9): NP1152-NP1165, 2021 08 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34387329

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Nasal dorsum augmentation is a highly challenging rhinoplastic procedure. Problems encountered in this surgery, such as residual humps, irregularities, and asymmetry, account for a significant number of revision rhinoplasties. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this meta-analysis was to assess complication rates and graft harvesting site morbidity and revision rates. METHODS: We carried out a systematic review of the literature for pertinent materials in PubMed/Medline and Google Scholar up to and including August 2020. In addition, the reference list of included studies was searched manually. The criteria used were those described in the PRISMA Declaration for performing systematic reviews. RESULTS: The initial search yielded 236 results. After 3 stages of screening, 16 papers (18 groups) were included in the systematic review and meta-analysis. Our results indicated that the total rates for the complications studied were as follows: graft resorption, 2.52%; insufficient augmentation, 3.93%; deviation (graft displacement), 1.77%; infection, 2.30%; irregularity, 1.36%; supra-tip depression, 1.13%; overcorrection, 3.06%; hematoma at recipient site, 1.36%; and visible bulging of the graft, 2.64%. The total rates for donor site hypertrophic scar and donor site hematoma were 2.64% and 3.58%, respectively. The rate of the revision surgery was 3.03%. CONCLUSIONS: Current findings suggest the overall complications and revision rates with the use of diced cartilage wrapped in fascia for dorsum augmentation were relatively low and this technique is a reliable treatment choice for patients with primary/secondary dorsum deficiencies. Further studies with larger sample sizes and long-term follow-ups, clearer definitions of complications, and objective measurements are warranted to draw reliable practical conclusions.


Assuntos
Nariz , Rinoplastia , Cartilagem/transplante , Fáscia/transplante , Humanos , Nariz/cirurgia , Rinoplastia/efeitos adversos , Transplante Autólogo
9.
Maxillofac Plast Reconstr Surg ; 43(1): 14, 2021 May 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34003392

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Nasal sill is one of the components of the alar ring, affecting the esthetic outcomes of rhinoplasty; accordingly, we developed a novel technique to adjust defects in this area and compared it with the available techniques. METHODS: Our technique was based on creating a tunnel access to the nasal sill area through an incision made in the lower third of the columella using the open approach or through a nostril base incision in patients, who underwent alar base reduction, followed by insertion of a cartilaginous graft into the marked defect area. RESULTS: A total number of 54 patients with a defect in the nasal sill area were included in this study. Thirty-one patients underwent open rhinoplasty with the sill approach from the lower third of the columella, while 23 patients underwent rhinoplasty with a nostril base approach for nasal sill augmentation procedure. There were no reports of patient dissatisfaction, infection, bleeding, sensory dysfunction, or remaining asymmetry of the sill area. CONCLUSION: Based on the findings of the present study, this technique can be successfully used in reconstructing the nasal sill area with minimal complications and morbidity.

10.
Aesthet Surg J Open Forum ; 3(2): ojab010, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33987531

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Autologous fat has become more frequently used for nasal volume augmentation and nasal correction. Nasal lipofilling refers to the use of injectable autologous fat grafts for nonsurgical aesthetic corrections. OBJECTIVES: This systematic review aims to assess the satisfaction, complication, and retention rates of fat injection in nasal shape corrections. METHODS: The authors searched PubMed/Medline and Google Scholar up to and including October 2020 with no time and language restrictions for pertinent materials. Two authors conducted a duplicate searching process independently to determine proper materials based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria. One author retrieved the following data from the finally included studies based on a predefined checklist worksheet. RESULTS: The included studies report data from a total of 564 patients undergoing nasal fat injection in 12 studies. The mean score in our included materials was 6.08 with a range of 4 to 7 scores. In most of our included materials, no complication was reported for the peri/postsurgical period. Although some papers reported manageable complications such as an insufficient volume or decreased volume by resorption, tip excess and supratip fillness, and mild displacement, more than half of our included materials reported on patient satisfaction with aesthetic results of fat injection. The satisfaction rates were mostly high and ranged from 63% to 100%. CONCLUSIONS: Autologous fat injection is an effective and minimally invasive treatment for nasal aesthetic and contour correction with a high satisfaction rate and low complication rate. Clinical expertise is essential to have a safe injection and to minimize the potential complications.

11.
J Oral Maxillofac Surg ; 79(4): 799-812, 2021 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33176128

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The goal of this systematic review is to assess the accuracy and complications (including failure) of dynamic navigation in placing zygomatic implants. METHODS: PubMed, Cochrane Library (CENTRAL), trial register (clinicaltrial.gov), and Google Scholar were searched systematically up to May 2020. In addition, the reference lists of included systematic reviews were hand searched. The New Castle Ottawa and Joanna Briggs Institute Critical Appraisal Checklist for Case Reports were used for quality assessment. RESULTS: Ninety-four studies were assessed, and finally, 12 articles were included. According to Joanna Briggs Institute tool, the mean score of case reports (±standard deviation) was 6.4 (range, 5/9 to 8/9) and the mean score of observational studies (±standard deviation) was 5.66 (range, 5/9 to 7/9) as measured by New Castle Ottawa tool. Included materials pointed out that higher accuracy and drastic cut down on the risk of perioperative/postoperative complications were reported by using the dynamic navigation system compared with freehand implant placement. CONCLUSIONS: Application of dynamic navigation systems is a reliable technology for zygomatic implant placement, especially in difficult cases with a history of maxillary deficiency. Evidence of reliability and accuracy of dynamic navigation technique in multicenter large randomized and prospective controlled studies is still lacking.


Assuntos
Implantes Dentários , Cadáver , Implantação Dentária Endóssea , Humanos , Estudos Multicêntricos como Assunto , Estudos Prospectivos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
12.
Oral Maxillofac Surg Clin North Am ; 33(1): 23-30, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33153888

RESUMO

Piezoelectric tools are the novel ultrasonic methods for effective and safe osteoplasty or osteotomy in comparison with traditional soft and hard tissue approaches using rotating instruments due to lack of microvibrations, ease of control and use, and safer cutting, mainly in complex anatomic areas. Piezoelectric indicates favorable and valuable outcomes based on the immediate postoperative morbidities, even though long-term results have not been investigated. It could be indicated that the piezosurgery in rhinoplasty can be considered as a reliable and safe method and should be taken into account as a part of the surgeon's repertoire for rhinoplasty.


Assuntos
Procedimentos de Cirurgia Plástica , Rinoplastia , Humanos , Osteotomia , Piezocirurgia
13.
Maxillofac Plast Reconstr Surg ; 42(1): 41, 2020 Dec 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33331972

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Orthognathic surgery such as bilateral sagittal split ramus osteotomy (BSSRO) for the treatment of mandibular deformities is one of the most common procedures in maxillofacial operations that may lead to neurosensory disturbance. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) on augmenting recovery of neurosensory disturbance of inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) in patients who underwent BSSRO surgery. METHODS: A comprehensive literature search was conducted by two independent authors in PubMed, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), Scopus, Embase, and Google Scholar electronic databases. Besides, a manual search of all textbooks and relevant articles were conducted. Searches took place in August 2020 and were limited to published and peer-reviewed articles from 2000 to 2020. All analysis was performed using the comprehensive meta-analysis (CMA) and the STATA MP (version:16) software. The weighted mean difference (WMD) using the inverse variance method and the standard mean difference (SMD) was considered for continuous variables. RESULTS: Seventy-four papers were retrieved after removing duplicate studies and finally, eight studies were assessed for qualitative synthesis and five for meta-analysis. Totally, 94 patients were included in the meta-analysis. Based on the meta-analysis, it was shown that LLLT was not effective in a short interval (0 to 48 h) after surgery, but in a period of more than 1 month after surgery, the positive results of treatment can be observed strikingly. Also, LLLT side/group showed no significant difference in some aspects of neurosensory recovery such as thermal sensation compared to the placebo side/group. CONCLUSIONS: The meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials revealed that LLLT generally improves IAN sensory disturbance caused by BSSRO. Further high-quality clinical trials with longer follow-up periods and larger sample sizes are recommended.

14.
Maxillofac Plast Reconstr Surg ; 42(1): 36, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33102397

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Different genioplasty techniques are applied for the adjustment of chin area deformities such as chin deviation. RESULTS: Thirty patients with simple facial asymmetry due to chin deviation underwent computer-assisted horizontal translational osseous genioplasty. In this technique, a surgical guide was used to cut a bone strip from the side where the chin should be transferred to; then, the same bone strip was used for the filling of the gap that was formed on the opposite side. CONCLUSION: According to the experience gained from this study, the authors believe that computer-assisted horizontal translational osseous genioplasty is a simple and reliable technique for patients with facial asymmetry due to chin deviation.

15.
Maxillofac Plast Reconstr Surg ; 42(1): 25, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32793519

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) causes serious acute respiratory diseases including pneumonia and bronchitis with approximately 2.3% fatality occurrence. MAIN BODY: This study argues the main concepts that need to be considered for the gradual reopening of dental offices include treatment planning approaches, fundamental elements needed to prevent transmission of SARS-CoV-2 virus in dental healthcare settings, personal protection equipment (PPE) for dental health care providers, environmental measures, adjunctive measures, and rapid point of care tests in dental offices. CONCLUSION: This article seeks to provide an overview of existing scientific evidence to suggest a guideline for reopening dental offices.

16.
J Oral Maxillofac Surg ; 78(9): 1630.e1-1630.e10, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32417318

RESUMO

PURPOSE: In the present report, we have introduced a novel technique for concomitant Le Fort I surgery and dorsal preservation rhinoplasty and reviewed the reported data. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Concurrent surgery could be considered a suitable option for patients requiring both upper jaw orthognathic surgery and rhinoplasty or those who are willing to undergo single-stage concomitant rhinoplasty and orthognathic surgery. In the present technical note, we have introduced a dorsal preservation rhinoplasty technique combined with Le Fort I surgery through an intraoral approach. The advantages of this technique include its conservative design, avoidance of a second surgery and anesthetic, the ability to correct possible nasal defects caused by the Le Fort I osteotomy, keeping the keystone area intact, and, most importantly, the possibility of concomitant surgery. However, recurrence of the hump and nasal pyramid lateralization are among the problems that could be associated with this technique. These disadvantages might necessitate revision surgery. RESULTS: A total of 48 patients (23 females and 15 males) had undergone concomitant rhinoplasty and Le Fort I surgery using a modified dorsal preservation technique. No patient reported dissatisfaction with the results of surgery regarding the nasal and facial esthetics. No evidence of severe complications, such as saddle nose, severe deviation, airway compromise, or severe asymmetry, was observed postoperatively. CONCLUSIONS: Based on our experience with patients and after at least 1 year of follow-up, the results of the present study suggest that this technique is straightforward and produces excellent results.


Assuntos
Cirurgia Ortognática , Rinoplastia , Estética Dentária , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Nariz/cirurgia , Osteotomia de Le Fort , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Maxillofac Plast Reconstr Surg ; 42(1): 12, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32341913

RESUMO

Coronavirus is an enveloped virus with positive-sense single-stranded RNA. Coronavirus infection in humans mainly affects the upper respiratory tract and to a lesser extent the gastrointestinal tract. Clinical symptoms of coronavirus infections can range from relatively mild (similar to the common cold) to severe (bronchitis, pneumonia, and renal involvement). The disease caused by the 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) was called Covid-19 by the World Health Organization in February 2020. Face-to-face communication and consistent exposure to body fluids such as blood and saliva predispose dental care workers at serious risk for 2019-nCoV infection. As demonstrated by the recent coronavirus outbreak, information is not enough. During dental practice, blood and saliva can be scattered. Accordingly, dental practice can be a potential risk for dental staff, and there is a high risk of cross-infection. This article addresses all information collected to date on the virus, in accordance with the guidelines of international health care institutions, and provides a comprehensive protocol for managing possible exposure to patients or those suspected of having coronavirus.

19.
J Oral Maxillofac Surg ; 78(8): 1416.e1-1416.e9, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32305377

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The periorbital area undergoes a series of postoperative sequelae after rhinoplasty. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between January 2015 and January 2016, 50 patients aged between 19 and 46 years who underwent rhinoplasty qualified for the study. Of these patients, 25 were chosen for each group: One group underwent a low-to-low lateral nasal osteotomy, and the other group underwent a low-to-high lateral nasal osteotomy. Six specific periocular findings were designated and recorded to measure differences in the outcomes of the 2 osteotomy techniques. Specific periocular findings included the amount of scleral show as measured through the marginal reflex distance; lateral and medial scleral surface area; and palpebral fissure height, width, and inclination. RESULTS: There were no significant differences in any of the outcome variables at different intervals between the 2 groups (P > .05) except for palpebral fissure inclination after 3 months (P = .02). CONCLUSIONS: According to the results and considering the inherent limitations of the study, it can be concluded that both low-to-low and low-to-high techniques are similar and have no considerable permanent effects on the periorbital region.


Assuntos
Nariz , Rinoplastia , Adulto , Pálpebras , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osso Nasal/cirurgia , Osteotomia , Período Pós-Operatório , Adulto Jovem
20.
J Oral Maxillofac Surg ; 78(6): 1006-1012, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32081690

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Numerous methods have been developed for blepharoplasty, including carbon dioxide (CO2) laser-assisted blepharoplasty. Although the superiority of CO2 laser compared with the scalpel for blepharoplasty has been proposed, to the best of our knowledge, no study has compared the clinical outcomes of blepharoplasty with the CO2 laser alone versus the combined use of a scalpel and CO2 laser. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In the present randomized clinical trial, 21 healthy patients underwent bilateral upper eyelid blepharoplasty. For each patient, an initial skin incision was made using the CO2 laser (setting, continuous emission; ultrapulse mode; 3 W of power) on 1 side and a scalpel on the other side. The remaining blepharoplasty steps were conducted using the CO2 laser (setting, continuous emission; 9 W of power) in both groups. The patients were evaluated on postoperative days 1, 3, 7, 14, and 30 using the postoperative repair criteria, including edema and ecchymosis. The Manchester scar scale was used to evaluate the results at 60 days after surgery. RESULTS: Our comparison of the 2 methods showed no significant differences at 1 month after surgery using the evaluation criteria. The scar index was not significantly different after 60 days, despite lower scores in the scalpel group. CONCLUSIONS: In upper eyelid blepharoplasty, making an initial incision with a scalpel, followed by use of a laser provides advantages similar to those found by performing the entire procedure with a CO2 laser alone.


Assuntos
Blefaroplastia , Terapia a Laser , Lasers de Gás , Dióxido de Carbono , Pálpebras/cirurgia , Humanos
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