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1.
Food Res Int ; 186: 114340, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38729695

RESUMO

Fruits are essential sources of nutrients in our daily diet; however, their spoilage is often intensified by mechanical damage and the ethylene phytohormone, resulting in significant economic losses and exacerbating hunger issues. To address these challenges, this study presented a straightforward in situ synthesis protocol for producing Z/SOPPU foam, a 3D porous-structured fruit packaging. This innovative packaging material offered advanced ethylene-adsorbing and cushioning capabilities achieved through stirring, heating, and standing treatments. The results demonstrated that the Z/SOPPU foam, with its porous structure, served as an excellent packaging material for fruits, maintaining the intact appearance of tomatoes even after being thrown 72 times from a height of 1.5 m. Additionally, it exhibited desirable hydrophobicity (contact angle of 114.31 ± 0.82°), degradability (2.73 ± 0.88 % per 4 weeks), and efficient ethylene adsorption (adsorption rate of 13.2 ± 1.7 mg/m3/h). These remarkable characteristics could be attributed to the unique 3D micron-porous configuration, consisting of soybean oil polyol polyurethane foam for mechanical strain cushioning and zein for enhanced ethylene adsorption efficiency. Overall, this research offers an effective and original approach to the rational design and fabrication of advanced bio-based fruit packaging.


Assuntos
Etilenos , Embalagem de Alimentos , Frutas , Poliuretanos , Óleo de Soja , Zeína , Etilenos/química , Poliuretanos/química , Embalagem de Alimentos/métodos , Porosidade , Frutas/química , Óleo de Soja/química , Zeína/química , Adsorção , Polímeros/química , Solanum lycopersicum/química , Interações Hidrofóbicas e Hidrofílicas
2.
PLoS One ; 19(5): e0293441, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38696505

RESUMO

SARS-CoV-2 infections in animals have been reported globally. However, the understanding of the complete spectrum of animals susceptible to SARS-CoV-2 remains limited. The virus's dynamic nature and its potential to infect a wide range of animals are crucial considerations for a One Health approach that integrates both human and animal health. This study introduces a bioinformatic approach to predict potential susceptibility to SARS-CoV-2 in both domestic and wild animals. By examining genomic sequencing, we establish phylogenetic relationships between the virus and its potential hosts. We focus on the interaction between the SARS-CoV-2 genome sequence and specific regions of the host species' ACE2 receptor. We analyzed and compared ACE2 receptor sequences from 29 species known to be infected, selecting 10 least common amino acid sites (LCAS) from key binding domains based on similarity patterns. Our analysis included 49 species across primates, carnivores, rodents, and artiodactyls, revealing complete consistency in the LCAS and identifying them as potentially susceptible. We employed the LCAS similarity pattern to predict the likelihood of SARS-CoV-2 infection in unexamined species. This method serves as a valuable screening tool for assessing infection risks in domestic and wild animals, aiding in the prevention of disease outbreaks.


Assuntos
Enzima de Conversão de Angiotensina 2 , COVID-19 , Filogenia , SARS-CoV-2 , Animais , Enzima de Conversão de Angiotensina 2/metabolismo , Enzima de Conversão de Angiotensina 2/genética , Enzima de Conversão de Angiotensina 2/química , SARS-CoV-2/genética , COVID-19/virologia , Humanos , Animais Selvagens/virologia , Animais Domésticos/virologia , Biologia Computacional/métodos
3.
Mol Oral Microbiol ; 2024 May 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38696249

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Arg-gingipain A (RgpA) is the primary virulence factor of Porphyromonas gingivalis and contains hemagglutinin adhesin (HA), which helps bacteria adhere to cells and proteins. Hemagglutinin's functional domains include cleaved adhesin (CA), which acts as a hemagglutination and hemoglobin-binding actor. Here, we confirmed that the HA and CA genes are immunogenic, and using adjuvant chemokine to target dendritic cells (DCs) enhanced protective autoimmunity against P. gingivalis-induced periodontal disease. METHODS: C57 mice were immunized prophylactically with pVAX1-CA, pVAX1-HA, pVAX1, and phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) through intramuscular injection every 2 weeks for a total of three administrations before P. gingivalis-induced periodontitis. The DCs were analyzed using flow cytometry and ribonucleic acid sequencing (RNA-seq) transcriptomic assays following transfection with CA lentivirus. The efficacy of the co-delivered molecular adjuvant CA DNA vaccine was evaluated in vivo using flow cytometry, immunofluorescence techniques, and micro-computed tomography. RESULTS: After the immunization, both the pVAX1-CA and pVAX1-HA groups exhibited significantly elevated P. gingivalis-specific IgG and IgG1, as well as a reduction in bone loss around periodontitis-affected teeth, compared to the pVAX1 and PBS groups (p < 0.05). The expression of CA promoted the secretion of HLA, CD86, CD83, and DC-specific intercellular adhesion molecule-3-grabbing non-integrin (DC-SIGN) in DCs. Furthermore, the RNA-seq analysis revealed a significant increase in the chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 19 (p < 0.05). A notable elevation in the quantities of DCs co-labeled with CD11c and major histocompatibility complex class II, along with an increase in interferon-gamma (IFN-γ) cells, was observed in the inguinal lymph nodes of mice subjected to CCL19-CA immunization. This outcome effectively illustrated the preservation of peri-implant bone mass in rats afflicted with P. gingivalis-induced peri-implantitis (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The co-administration of a CCL19-conjugated CA DNA vaccine holds promise as an innovative and targeted immunization strategy against P. gingivalis-induced periodontitis and peri-implantitis.

4.
J Hosp Infect ; 2024 May 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38740299

RESUMO

Invasive fungal infections pose a substantial threat to patients in healthcare settings globally. Recent changes in the prevalence of fungal species and challenges in conducting reference antifungal susceptibility testing emphasize the importance of monitoring fungi and their antifungal resistance. A two-phase surveillance project was conducted in Beijing, China, involving 37 centers across 12 districts, from January 2012 to December 2013 and from January 2016 to December 2017. We found that the proportion of Candida albicans in intensive care units (ICUs) during 2016-2017 exhibited a significant decline compared to the 2012-2013 period, although it remained the most predominant pathogen. In contrast, the prevalence of Nakaseomyces glabratus (formerly Candida glabrata) and Candida tropicalis notably increased during the two-phase surveillance. The high prevalence of C. tropicalis and its resistance to azole drugs posed a serious threat to patients in ICUs. The pathogens causing invasive fungal infections in Beijing were relatively sensitive to echinocandins. While C. albicans continued to exhibit susceptibility to azoles, the resistance and growth rates of C. tropicalis towards azoles were particularly prominent. Concerns were raised due to the emergence of multiple, short-term isolates of Clavispora lusitaniae and Candida parapsilosis complex in neonatal ICUs, given their similarity in antifungal susceptibilities. Such occurrences point towards the potential for transmission and persisting presence of these pathogens within the ICU environment. Our study complements existing data on the epidemiology of invasive fungal infections. It is imperative to exercise cautious medication management for ICU patients in Beijing, paying particular attention to azole resistance in C. tropicalis.

5.
Molecules ; 29(9)2024 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38731653

RESUMO

In pursuit of enhancing the mechanical properties, especially the tensile strength, of 4D-printable consumables derived from waste cooking oil (WCO), we initiated the production of acrylate-modified WCO, which encompasses epoxy waste oil methacrylate (EWOMA) and epoxy waste oil acrylate (EWOA). Subsequently, a series of WCO-based 4D-printable photocurable resins were obtained by introducing a suitable diacrylate molecule as the second monomer, coupled with a composite photoinitiator system comprising Irgacure 819 and p-dimethylaminobenzaldehyde (DMAB). These materials were amenable to molding using an LCD light-curing 3D printer. Our findings underscored the pivotal role of triethylene glycol dimethacrylate (TEGDMA) among the array of diacrylate molecules in enhancing the mechanical properties of WCO-based 4D-printable resins. Notably, the 4D-printable material, composed of EWOA and TEGDMA in an equal mass ratio, exhibited nice mechanical strength comparable to that of mainstream petroleum-based 4D-printable materials, boasting a tensile strength of 9.17 MPa and an elongation at break of 15.39%. These figures significantly outperformed the mechanical characteristics of pure EWOA or TEGDMA resins. Furthermore, the EWOA-TEGDMA resin demonstrated impressive thermally induced shape memory performance, enabling deformation and recovery at room temperature and retaining its shape at -60 °C. This resin also demonstrated favorable biodegradability, with an 8.34% weight loss after 45 days of soil degradation. As a result, this 4D-printable photocurable resin derived from WCO holds immense potential for the creation of a wide spectrum of high-performance intelligent devices, brackets, mold, folding structures, and personalized products.

6.
Inorg Chem ; 63(17): 7549-7554, 2024 Apr 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38607347

RESUMO

Oxychalcogenides are increasingly attracting wide attention because they contain multiple anions that may combine the advantages of oxides and chalcogenides. In this work, two new pentanary oxythiogermanates, Ba3MGe3O2S8 [M = Ca (1), Zn (2)], were synthesized by a high-temperature solid-state reaction. They crystallize in the orthorhombic space group Pnma, and their structures contain isolated [Ge3O2S8]8- units constructed by one [GeO2S2] and two [GeOS3] tetrahedra that link with M2+ ions to build the {[MGe3O2S8]6-}∞ chain, representing a new type of oxythiogermanate. Notably, a [ZnS5] square pyramid exists in 2. Their structural chemistry and relationship with relevant structures are analyzed. 1 and 2 exhibit wide band gaps of 3.93 and 2.63 eV, birefringences of 0.100 and 0.089 at 2100 nm, respectively, and also obvious photocurrent responses. This work may be extended to a family of AE3MIIMIV3O2Q8 (AE = alkali-earth metal; MII = Ca, Zn, Cd, Hg; MIV = Si, Ge, Sn; Q = S, Se), and further systematic survey on them can be performed to enrich the study of multifunctional oxychalcogenides.

7.
Iran J Basic Med Sci ; 27(6): 671-677, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38645498

RESUMO

Objectives: Wnt5a, which regulates the activities of osteoblasts and osteoclasts, is reportedly overexpressed in osteoarthritis (OA) tissues. The purpose of this study was to elucidate its role in the development of OA by deleting Wnt5a in osteocalcin (OCN)-expressing cells. Materials and Methods: Knee OA was induced by anterior cruciate ligament transection (ACLT) in OCN-Cre;Wnt5afl/fl knockout (Wnt5a-cKO) mice and control littermates. Eight weeks after surgery, histological changes, cell apoptosis, and matrix metabolism of cartilage were evaluated by toluidine blue, TUNEL staining, and im-immunohistochemistry analyses, respectively. In addition, the subchondral bone microarchitecture of mice was examined by micro-computed tomography (micro-CT). Results: Histological scores show substantial cartilage degeneration occurred in ACLT knees, coupled with decreased collagen type II expression and enhanced matrix metalloproteinase 13 expression, as well as higher proportions of apoptotic cells. Micro-CT results show that ACLT resulted in decreased bone mineral density, bone volume/trabecular volume, trabecular number, and structure model index of subchondral bones in both Wnt5a-cKO and control littermates; although Wnt5a-cKO mice display lower BMD and BV/TV values, no significant difference was observed between Wnt5a-cKO and control mice for any of these values. Conclusion: Our findings indicate that Wnt5a deficiency in OCN-expressing cells could not prevent an osteoarthritic phenotype in a mouse model of post-traumatic OA.

8.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; : e202403264, 2024 Apr 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38659076

RESUMO

In-situ cyclized polyacrylonitrile (CPAN) is developed to replace n-type metal oxide semiconductors (TiO2 or SnO2) as an electron selective layer (ESL) for highly efficient and stable n-i-p perovskite solar cells (PSCs). The CPAN layer is fabricated via facile in-situ cyclization reaction of polyacrylonitrile (PAN) coated on a conducting glass substrate. The CPAN layer is robust and insoluble in common solvents, and possesses n-type semiconductor properties with a high electron mobility of 4.13 x 10-3 cm2 V-1 s-1. With the CPAN as an ESL, the PSC affords a power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 23.12%, which is the highest for the n-i-p PSCs with organic ESLs. Moreover, the device with the CPAN layer holds superior operational stability, maintaining over 90% of their initial efficiency after 500 h continuous light soaking. These results confirm that the CPAN layer would be a desirable low-cost and efficient ESL for n-i-p PSCs and other photoelectronic devices with high performance and stability.

9.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; : e202403585, 2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38565432

RESUMO

In spite of the competitive performance at room temperature, the development of sodium-ion batteries (SIBs) is still hindered by sluggish electrochemical reaction kinetics and unstable electrode/electrolyte interphase under subzero environments. Herein, a low-concentration electrolyte, consisting of 0.5M NaPF6 dissolving in diethylene glycol dimethyl ether solvent, is proposed for SIBs working at low temperature. Such an electrolyte generates a thin, amorphous, and homogeneous cathode/electrolyte interphase at low temperature. The interphase is monolithic and rich in organic components, reducing the limitation of Na+ migration through inorganic crystals, thereby facilitating the interfacial Na+ dynamics at low temperature. Furthermore, it effectively blocks the unfavorable side reactions between active materials and electrolytes, improving the structural stability. Consequently, Na0.7Li0.03Mg0.03Ni0.27Mn0.6Ti0.07O2//Na and hard carbon//Na cells deliver a high capacity retention of 90.8 % after 900 cycles at 1C, a capacity over 310 mAh g-1 under -30 °C, respectively, showing long-term cycling stability and great rate capability at low temperature.

10.
Chemosphere ; 355: 141834, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38565376

RESUMO

Membrane fouling caused by the organics-coated particles was the main obstacle for the highly efficient shale gas produced water (SGPW) treatment and recycling. In this study, a novel hybrid electrocoagulation (EC) and E-peroxone process coupled with UF (ECP-UF) process was proposed to examine the efficacy and elucidate the mechanism for UF fouling mitigation in assisting SGPW reuse. Compared to the TMP (transmembrane pressure) increase of -15 kPa in the EC-UF process, TMP in ECP-UF system marginally increased to -1.4 kPa for 3 filtration cycles under the current density of 15 mA/cm2. Both the total fouling index and hydraulically irreversible fouling index of the ECP-UF process were significantly lower than those of EC-UF process. According to the extended Derjaguin-Landau-Verwey-Overbeek theory, the potential barriers was the highest for ECP-UF processes due to the substantial increase of the acid-base interaction energy in ECP-UF process, which was well consistent with the TMP and SEM results. Turbidity and TOC of ECP-UF process were 63.6% and 45.8% lower than those of EC-UF process, respectively. According to the MW distribution, the variations of compounds and their relative contents were probably due to the oxidation and decomposing products of the macromolecular organics. The number of aromatic compound decreased, while the number of open-chain compounds (i.e., alkenes, alkanes and alcohols) increased in the permeate of ECP-UF process. Notably, the substantial decrease in the relative abundance of di-phthalate compounds was attributed to the high reactivity of these compounds with ·OH. Mechanism study indicated that ECP could realize the simultaneous coagulation, H2O2 generation and activation by O3, facilitating the enhancement of ·OH and Alb production and therefore beneficial for the improved water quality and UF fouling mitigation. Therefore, the ECP-UF process emerges as a high-efficient and space-saving approach, yielding a synergistic effect in mitigating UF fouling for SGPW recycling.


Assuntos
Ultrafiltração , Purificação da Água , Gás Natural , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Membranas Artificiais , Purificação da Água/métodos , Eletrocoagulação
11.
Food Chem ; 450: 139332, 2024 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38640527

RESUMO

Color deepening occurs during storage of ready-to-eat (RTE) shrimps, which seriously affects their marketing cycle. This study investigated the molecular mechanisms of color deterioration in RTE shrimps during accelerated storage, shedding light on the pattern of change in colored products and content. The findings revealed significant occurrences of phenolic oxidation, lipid oxidation, and Maillard browning reactions during accelerated storage. Qualitative and quantitative analyses were conducted on the colored products resulting from these chemical reactions. Multivariate mathematical models were employed to analyze the phenolic oxidation products (2-methylanthraquinone and p-benzoquinone), lipid oxidation products (lipofuscin-like pigments and hydrophobic pyrroles), and Maillard browning products (pyrazines and melanoidins). These products were identified as the main contributors to the deepening of the color of RTE shrimps during storage. The outcomes of this research could enhance our understanding of the color change mechanism in thermally processed marine foods, providing valuable insights for quality maintenance and industrial advancement.

12.
Bioresour Technol ; 400: 130682, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38599354

RESUMO

Temperature-phased anaerobic digestion (TPAD) and microbial electrolysis cell (MEC) are both able to improve hydrolysis and methane yield during anaerobic digestion (AD) of dewatered sludge. However, the effect of TPAD and MEC integration at different temperatures and different phases is unclear. This study investigated the effect of the integration of intermittent energization MEC in different phases of TPAD on the digestion of dewatered sludge. Thermophilic and MEC hydrolysis could release higher total ammonia nitrogen of 186.0% and 10.3% than control, mesophilic methanogenesis phase integrated with MEC relieved the ammonia inhibition and accelerated the acid utilization leading to the relief of acid accumulation. The ultimate methane yield of the TPAD integrated with MEC was increased by 118.9%, in which the relative abundance of Methanothermobacteria and Methanosarcina was increased. Therefore, intermittent energization MEC integrated TPAD synchronously improved the hydrolysis and methane yield.


Assuntos
Eletrólise , Metano , Esgotos , Temperatura , Metano/metabolismo , Hidrólise , Esgotos/microbiologia , Anaerobiose , Amônia/metabolismo , Água/química , Reatores Biológicos
13.
Mol Carcinog ; 63(6): 1174-1187, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38501385

RESUMO

Sorbin and SH3 domain-containing 2 (SORBS2) is an RNA-binding protein and has been implicated in the development of some cancers. However, its role in bladder cancer (BC) is yet to be established. The expression of SORBS2 in BC tissues was determined from the Gene Expression Omnibus and Gene Expression Profiling Interactive Analysis databases and collected paired tumor/normal samples. The effects of SORBS2 on BC cells were detected by CCK-8, colony formation, Transwell, dual-luciferase, RNA immunoprecipitation, chromatin immunoprecipitation, and DNA pull-down assays. In vivo, BC cell growth and metastasis were studied by a xenograft subcutaneous model and a tail-vein metastasis model. The results showed that SORBS2 expression was significantly decreased in BC tissues and cells. SORBS2 overexpression inhibited cell proliferation, migration, invasion, and epithelial-mesenchymal transition in vitro and tumor growth and metastasis in vivo, while silencing SORBS2 produced the opposite effect. Mechanistically, we found that SORBS2 enhanced the stability of tissue factor pathway inhibitor (TFPI) mRNA via direct binding to its 3' UTR. Restoration of TFPI expression reversed SORBS2 knockdown-induced malignant phenotypes of BC cells. In addition, SORBS2 expression was negatively regulated by the transcription factor specificity protein 1 (SP1). Conversely, SORBS2 can be transcriptionally regulated by SP1 and inhibit BC cell growth and metastasis via stabilization of TFPI mRNA, indicating SORBS2 may be a promising therapeutic target for BC.


Assuntos
Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/genética , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/patologia , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/metabolismo , Humanos , Animais , Camundongos , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/genética , Camundongos Nus , Feminino , Masculino , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C
14.
Front Pharmacol ; 15: 1335374, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38510653

RESUMO

Background: Previous studies have documented important roles for microRNA-147 (miR-147) in inflammation, radiation-induced injury, cancer, and a range of other diseases. Murine lungs exhibit high levels of miRNA, mRNA, and lncRNA expression. However, very little research to date has focused on the lncRNA-miRNA-mRNA competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) networks associated with miR-147, and the regulation of lncRNAs and miRNAs in this setting remains poorly understood. Methods: After establishing a miR-147-/- model mouse, samples of lung tissue were harvested for RNA-sequencing, and differentially expressed lncRNAs, miRNAs, and mRNAs were identified. The miRNA targets of these lncRNAs and the identified miRNAs were first overlapped to facilitate the prediction of target mRNAs, with analyses then examining the overlap between these targets and mRNAs that were differentially expressed. Then, these target mRNAs were subjected to pathway enrichment analyses. These results were ultimately used to establish a miR-147-related ceRNA network. Results: Relative to wild-type mice, the lungs of miR-147-/- mice exhibited 91, 43, and 71 significantly upregulated lncRNAs, miRNAs, and mRNAs, respectively, together with 114, 31, and 156 that were significantly downregulated. The lncRNA-miRNA-mRNA network established based on these results led to the identification of Kcnh6 as a differentially expressed hub gene candidate and enabled the identification of a range of regulatory relationships. KEGG pathway enrichment showed that the mRNA targets of differentially expressed lncRNAs and miRNAs in the mice were associated with tumor-related signaling, endometrial cancer, bladder cancer, and ErbB signaling. Conclusion: These results suggest that the identified ceRNA network in miR-147-/- mice shapes tumor-associated signaling activity, with miR-147 potentially regulating various lncRNAs and miRNAs through Kcnh6, ultimately influencing tumorigenesis. Future studies of the lncRNA, miRNA, and mRNA regulatory targets shown to be associated with miR-147 in the present study may ultimately lead to the identification of novel clinically relevant targets through which miR-147 shapes the pathogenesis of cancer and other diseases.

15.
Heliyon ; 10(6): e27754, 2024 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38515668

RESUMO

Introduction: The incidence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) has been increasing in recent years, gradually becoming a global health crisis. Due to limited treatment options, novel molecular pathways are urgently required to advance the treatment and diagnosis of CKD. Materials and methods: The characteristics of differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in CKD patients were analyzed using Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database, and genes related to oxidative stress were retrieved from the Genecard database. Subsequently, a comprehensive approach was applied, including immune infiltration analysis, weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA) and protein-protein interaction (PPI) network analysis, to identify hub genes among differentially expressed immune-related oxidative stress genes (DEIOSGs). Validation of hub genes was performed using an external data set, and diagnostic potential capability was evaluated through receiver operating curve (ROC) analysis. In animal experiments, the expression of hub genes in CKD was confirmed by inducing a CKD model through a 5/6 nephrectomy procedure. Finally, the relationship between these hub genes and clinical characteristics were assessed using the Nephroseq v5 database. Results: 29 DEIOSGs were identified by comprehensive bioinformatics analysis. PPI analysis screened the hub genes NCF2, S100A9, and SELL. ROC analysis demonstrated excellent diagnostic efficacy. Further validation from other databases and animal experiments confirmed a substantial upregulation in the expression of hub genes in CKD. Additionally, clinical correlation analysis established a clear link between hub gene expression and renal function deterioration. Conclusions: Our study confirms NCF2, S100A9, and SELL as diagnostic biomarkers associated with immune response and oxidative stress in CKD, suggesting their potential as novel targets for CKD diagnosis and treatment.

16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38536690

RESUMO

Image fusion plays a key role in a variety of multi-sensor-based vision systems, especially for enhancing visual quality and/or extracting aggregated features for perception. However, most existing methods just consider image fusion as an individual task, thus ignoring its underlying relationship with these downstream vision problems. Furthermore, designing proper fusion architectures often requires huge engineering labor. It also lacks mechanisms to improve the flexibility and generalization ability of current fusion approaches. To mitigate these issues, we establish a Task-guided, Implicit-searched and Meta-initialized (TIM) deep model to address the image fusion problem in a challenging real-world scenario. Specifically, we first propose a constrained strategy to incorporate information from downstream tasks to guide the unsupervised learning process of image fusion. Within this framework, we then design an implicit search scheme to automatically discover compact architectures for our fusion model with high efficiency. In addition, a pretext meta initialization technique is introduced to leverage divergence fusion data to support fast adaptation for different kinds of image fusion tasks. Qualitative and quantitative experimental results on different categories of image fusion problems and related downstream tasks (e.g., visual enhancement and semantic understanding) substantiate the flexibility and effectiveness of our TIM.

17.
Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 42(1): 46-55, 2024 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38475950

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to explore the effect of pituitary tumor-transforming gene 1 (PTT-G1) on the invasion and proliferation of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) cell lines under the action of miR-362-3p. METHODS: The bioinformatics online database was used to query the expression of PTTG1 in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). The expression of PTTG1 in the Cal-27, HN-30, and HOK cell lines was detected by Western blot. A wound-healing assay was used to determine the effect of PTTG1 on the migration ability of the OSCC cells. The Transwell assay was used to examine the changes in cell-invasion ability. 5-ethynyl-2'-deoxyuridine (EdU) cell-proliferation assay was used to detect changes in cell-proliferation ability. Bioinformatics approach predicted the upstream miRNA of PTTG1. The targeting relationship between miR-362-3p and PTTG1 was examined by the dual luciferase assay, and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was used to determine the expression of miRNA in OSCC tissues. RESULTS: The ENCORI database showed that PTTG1 expression was up-regulated in OSCC tissues. Western blot confirmed that PTTG1 expression was up-regulated in Cal-27 and HN-30 cells than HOK cells. PTTG1 knockout can inhibit the migration, invasion, and proliferation of Cal-27 and HN-30 cells (P<0.05). Bioinformatics prediction websites predicted that the upstream miRNA of PTTG1 was miR-362-3p, and PTTG1 can bind to miR-362-3p. Results of qRT-PCR showed that miR-362-3p expression was downregulated in OSCC tissues compared with normal tissue (P<0.05). Transwell and EdU experiments confirmed that miR-362-3p knockdown can promote the invasion and proliferation of Cal-27 and HN-30 after PTTG1 knockdown. CONCLUSIONS: miR-362-3p can inhibit the invasion and proliferation of Cal-27 and HN-30 cells by targeting PTTG1.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , MicroRNAs , Neoplasias Bucais , Neoplasias Hipofisárias , Humanos , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/genética , Neoplasias Bucais/genética , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/genética , Invasividade Neoplásica/genética , Movimento Celular/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Proliferação de Células , Oncogenes , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica
18.
Biomedicines ; 12(3)2024 Feb 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38540145

RESUMO

Lung metastasis substantially influences the survival of thyroid cancer (TC) patients. This study sought to investigate factors impacting the survival of differentiated thyroid cancer patients with lung metastases (DTC-LM) undergoing radioiodine therapy (RAI) after thyroid surgery. The retrospective study encompassed 609 TC patients with lung metastases. Survival outcomes-specifically, overall survival (OS) and thyroid cancer-specific survival (TCSS)-were examined through both univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses. Radioiodine therapy (RAI)'s impact on DTC-LM patient survival was further assessed with the Kaplan-Meier survival curve. Of the 609 TC patients with lung metastases, 434 (71.3%) were found to have undergone thyroid surgery after a median follow-up of 59 months. Anaplastic thyroid cancer (ATC), stage IV, and lung metastases associated with other metastases were identified as risk factors for OS and TCSS in TCLM patients. RAI therapy significantly enhances survival in DTC-LM patients followed by primary site surgery under the age of 55, PTC patients, and those with single organ metastases at lung.

19.
Ann Med Surg (Lond) ; 86(3): 1433-1440, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38463057

RESUMO

Background and objectives: Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) recommends avoiding enteral nutrition (EN) due to undesirable sequelae such as pulmonary aspiration and infections. Not using of EN in nongastric resections under ERAS pathways is often successful. However, parenteral nutrition (PN) alone followed by early postoperative oral feeding in gastric cancer patients, recommended by the ERAS guidelines, has unclear benefit and is only adopted after gastric resection. This study aimed to compute the postoperative outcomes of EN and PN compared to those of the ERAS-recommended nutritional pathway. Our secondary objective was to compare postoperative complications between the two groups. Materials and methods: Of 173 gastrectomy patients, 116 patients were in the combined group (EN and PN), whereas 57 patients were in the PN alone group. Statistical analysis was performed with the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) version 26.0.0 software. The data were analyzed by one-way ANOVA, the independent sample t-test, or, in the case of several independent samples, by the Kruskal-Wallis test. Categorical data were analyzed by Pearson's χ2 test or Fisher's exact test. Results: The observed indices included C-reactive protein (CRP), platelet (PLT), white blood cells (WBC), hemoglobin (Hb), albumin, and PRE-albumin. The secondary outcomes included length of hospital stay (LOS), cost, incidence of pulmonary infection, and total incidence of infection. Conclusion: The combined mode of nutrition is feasible and is not associated with postoperative complications in gastric cancer patients under ERAS.

20.
Mol Med Rep ; 29(5)2024 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38551163

RESUMO

Endothelial barrier disruption plays a key role in the pathophysiology of heat stroke (HS). Knockout of DNAJA1 (DNAJA1­KO) is thought to be protective against HS based on a genome­wide CRISPR­Cas9 screen experiment. The present study aimed to illustrate the function of DNAJA1­KO against HS in human umbilical vein endothelial cells. DNAJA1­KO cells were infected using a lentivirus to investigate the role of DNAJA1­KO in HS­induced endothelial barrier disruption. It was shown that DNAJA1­KO could ameliorate decreased cell viability and increased cell injury, according to the results of Cell Counting Kit­8 and lactate dehydrogenase assays. Moreover, HS­induced endothelial cell apoptosis was inhibited by DNAJA1­KO, as indicated by Annexin V­FITC/PI staining and cleaved­caspase­3 expression using flow cytometry and western blotting, respectively. Furthermore, the endothelial barrier function, as measured by transepithelial electrical resistance and FITC­Dextran, was sustained during HS. DNAJA1­KO was not found to have a significant effect on the expression and distribution of cell junction proteins under normal conditions without HS. However, DNAJA1­KO could effectively protect the HS­induced decrease in the expression and distribution of cell junction proteins, including zonula occludens­1, claudin­5, junctional adhesion molecule A and occludin. A total of 4,394 proteins were identified using proteomic analysis, of which 102 differentially expressed proteins (DEPs) were activated in HS­induced wild­type cells and inhibited by DNAJA1­KO. DEPs were investigated by enrichment analysis, which demonstrated significant enrichment in the 'calcium signaling pathway' and associations with vascular­barrier regulation. Furthermore, the 'myosin light­chain kinase (MLCK)­MLC signaling pathway' was proven to be activated by HS and inhibited by DNAJA1­KO, as expected. Moreover, DNAJA1­KO mice and a HS mouse model were established to demonstrate the protective effects on endothelial barrier in vivo. In conclusion, the results of the present study suggested that DNAJA1­KO alleviates HS­induced endothelial barrier disruption by improving thermal tolerance and suppressing the MLCK­MLC signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Choque Térmico HSP40 , Golpe de Calor , Animais , Humanos , Camundongos , Golpe de Calor/genética , Golpe de Calor/metabolismo , Proteínas de Choque Térmico HSP40/genética , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana , Camundongos Knockout , Proteômica , Transdução de Sinais
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