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2.
Phys Rev E ; 109(3-1): 034125, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38632761

RESUMO

Besides its original spin representation, the Ising model is known to have the Fortuin-Kasteleyn (FK) bond and loop representations, of which the former was recently shown to exhibit two upper critical dimensions (d_{c}=4,d_{p}=6). Using a lifted worm algorithm, we determine the critical coupling as K_{c}=0.07770891(4) for d=7, which significantly improves over the previous results, and then study critical geometric properties of the loop Ising clusters on tori for spatial dimensions d=5 to 7. We show that as the spin representation, the loop Ising model has only one upper critical dimension at d_{c}=4. However, sophisticated finite-size scaling (FSS) behaviors, such as two length scales, two configuration sectors, and two scaling windows, still exist as the interplay effect of the Gaussian fixed point and complete-graph asymptotics. Moreover, using the loop-cluster algorithm, we provide an intuitive understanding of the emergence of the percolation-like upper critical dimension d_{p}=6 in the FK-Ising model. As a consequence, a unified physical picture is established for the FSS behaviors in all three representations of the Ising model above d_{c}=4.

3.
J Biomater Appl ; : 8853282241248778, 2024 Apr 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38659361

RESUMO

Electrospinning technology has recently attracted increased attention in the biomedical field, and preparing various cellulose nanofibril membranes for periodontal tissue regeneration has unique advantages. However, the characteristics of using a single material tend to make it challenging to satisfy the requirements for a periodontal barrier film, and the production of composite fibrous membranes frequently impacts the quality of the final fiber membrane due to the influence of miscibility between different materials. In this study, nanofibrous membranes composed of polylactic acid (PLA) and polycaprolactone (PCL) fibers were fabricated using side-by-side electrospinning. Different concentrations of gelatin were added to the fiber membranes to improve their hydrophilic properties. The morphological structure of the different films as well as their composition, wettability and mechanical characteristics were examined. The results show that PCL/PLA dual-fibrous composite membranes with an appropriate amount of gelatin ensures sufficient mechanical strength while obtaining improved hydrophilic properties. The viability of L929 fibroblasts was evaluated using CCK-8 assays, and cell adhesion on the scaffolds was confirmed by scanning electron microscopy and by immunofluorescence assays. The results demonstrated that none of the fibrous membranes were toxic to cells and the addition of gelatin improved cell adhesion to those membranes. Based on our findings, adding 30% gelatin to the membrane may be the most appropriate content for periodontal tissue regeneration, considering the scaffold's mechanical qualities, hydrophilic properties and biocompatibility. In addition, the PCL-gelatin/PLA-gelatin dual-fibrous membranes prepared using side-by-side electrospinning technology have potential applications for tissue engineering.

4.
Front Chem ; 12: 1403696, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38680457

RESUMO

The phenomenon of fire or even explosion caused by thermal runaway of lithium-ion power batteries poses a serious threat to the safety of electric vehicles. An in-depth study of the core-material thermal runaway reaction mechanism and reaction chain is a prerequisite for proposing a mechanism to prevent battery thermal runaway and enhance battery safety. In this study, based on a 24 Ah commercial Li(Ni0.6Co0.2Mn0.2)O2/graphite soft pack battery, the heat production characteristics of different state of charge (SOC) cathode and anode materials, the separator, the electrolyte, and their combinations of the battery were investigated using differential scanning calorimetry. The results show that the reaction between the negative electrode and the electrolyte is the main mode of heat accumulation in the early stage of thermal runaway, and when the heat accumulation causes the temperature to reach a certain critical value, the violent reaction between the positive electrode and the electrolyte is triggered. The extent and timing of the heat production behaviour of the battery host material is closely related to the SOC, and with limited electrolyte content, there is a competitive relationship between the positive and negative electrodes and the electrolyte reaction, leading to different SOC batteries exhibiting different heat production characteristics. In addition, the above findings are correlated with the battery failure mechanisms through heating experiments of the battery monomer. The study of the electro-thermal properties of the main materials in this paper provides a strategy for achieving early warning and suppression of thermal runaway in batteries.

5.
Life Sci ; 346: 122637, 2024 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38614305

RESUMO

E74-like factor 3 (ELF3) is an important member of the E-twenty-six (ETS) transcription factor family. ELF3 is expressed in various types of cells and regulates a variety of biological behaviors, such as cell proliferation, differentiation, apoptosis, migration, and invasion, by binding to DNA to regulate the expression of other genes. In recent years, studies have shown that ELF3 plays an important role in the occurrence and development of many tumors and inflammation and immune related diseases. ELF3 has different functions and expression patterns in different tumors; it can function as a tumor suppressor gene or an oncogene, highlighting its dual effects of tumor promotion and inhibition. ELF3 also affects the levels of tumor immunity-related cytokines and is involved in the regulation and expression of multiple signaling pathways. In tumor therapy, ELF3 is a complex and multifunctional gene and has become a key focus of targeted treatment research. An in-depth study of the biological function of ELF3 can help to elucidate its role in biological processes and provide ideas and a basis for the development and clinical application of ELF3-related therapeutic methods. This review introduces the structure and physiological and cellular functions of the ELF3 gene, summarizes the mechanisms of action of ELF3 in different types of malignant tumors and its role in immune regulation, inflammation, etc., and discusses treatment methods for ELF3-related diseases, providing significant reference value for scholars studying the ELF3 gene and related diseases.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Ligação a DNA , Neoplasias , Fatores de Transcrição , Humanos , Neoplasias/genética , Neoplasias/patologia , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Animais , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-ets/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-ets/metabolismo , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Inflamação/genética
6.
Am J Trop Med Hyg ; 110(4): 805-808, 2024 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38471180

RESUMO

Tuberculous gumma (TG) is a rare type of cutaneous tuberculosis thought to occur as a result of the hematogenous spread of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, which is more common in immunosuppressed individuals. An 8-year-old boy presented with a 2-month history of multiple indolent enlarging ulcerated nodules on his left upper extremity. He had a past medical history of bacille Calmette-Guerin vaccine induced lupus vulgaris. Skin biopsy of the nodules showed granulomas and neutrophil-dominated purulent inflammation. Ziehl-Neelsen staining was negative, and the cultures were positive for M. tuberculosis. Furthermore, the M. tuberculosis complex was identified using metagenomic next-generation sequencing. Standard antitubercular therapy was started at full doses, and the skin lesions had significantly improved 3 months later. Here we review the literature since 2000 and describe the clinical and pathological features of TG.


Assuntos
Lúpus Vulgar , Mycobacterium tuberculosis , Tuberculose Cutânea , Masculino , Humanos , Criança , Tuberculose Cutânea/diagnóstico , Tuberculose Cutânea/tratamento farmacológico , Lúpus Vulgar/patologia , Antituberculosos/uso terapêutico , Pele/patologia
7.
Nephrology (Carlton) ; 29(5): 245-258, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38462235

RESUMO

Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is the most common inherited cause of end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) worldwide. Guidelines for the diagnosis and management of ADPKD in Taiwan remains unavailable. In this consensus statement, we summarize updated information on clinical features of international and domestic patients with ADPKD, followed by suggestions for optimal diagnosis and care in Taiwan. Specifically, counselling for at-risk minors and reproductive issues can be important, including ethical dilemmas surrounding prenatal diagnosis and pre-implantation genetic diagnosis. Studies reveal that ADPKD typically remains asymptomatic until the fourth decade of life, with symptoms resulting from cystic expansion with visceral compression, or rupture. The diagnosis can be made based on a detailed family history, followed by imaging studies (ultrasound, computed tomography, or magnetic resonance imaging). Genetic testing is reserved for atypical cases mostly. Common tools for prognosis prediction include total kidney volume, Mayo classification and PROPKD/genetic score. Screening and management of complications such as hypertension, proteinuria, urological infections, intracranial aneurysms, are also crucial for improving outcome. We suggest that the optimal management strategies of patients with ADPKD include general medical care, dietary recommendations and ADPKD-specific treatments. Key points include rigorous blood pressure control, dietary sodium restriction and Tolvaptan use, whereas the evidence for somatostatin analogues and mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitors remains limited. In summary, we outline an individualized care plan emphasizing careful monitoring of disease progression and highlight the need for shared decision-making among these patients.


Assuntos
Falência Renal Crônica , Rim Policístico Autossômico Dominante , Humanos , Rim Policístico Autossômico Dominante/diagnóstico , Rim Policístico Autossômico Dominante/terapia , Rim Policístico Autossômico Dominante/complicações , Taiwan/epidemiologia , Tolvaptan , Rim
8.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 131: 111895, 2024 Apr 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38508096

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Kimura's disease (KD) is a rare chronic inflammatory disorder characterised by painless, deep subcutaneous nodules that most commonly affect the head and neck region of Asian men. Due to high relapse rates and side effects of current therapies, the treatment of KD is challenging. OBJECTIVES: To present a case of KD that was successfully treated with dupilumab and to review the literature with a focus on the evaluation of the efficacy and safety of dupilumab in KD. METHODS: A review of the available literature on the treatment of KD with dupilumab was performed and a new case was analyzed. To gain further insight into this promising therapy, literature review of 8 articles published between January 2016 and January 2024 were included in this study using the PubMed database. RESULTS: Our patient with KD was successfully treated with dupilumab 300 mg every 2 weeks, at an initial dose of 600 mg. The treatment was well tolerated. In the past, only nine patients with KD treated with dupilumab have been reported and reviewed, half of whom had failed prior treatment. All patients achieved significant efficacy after treatment with dupilumab, with no relapses during an average follow-up of 10.4 months (ranged from 4 to 16 months). CONCLUSION: Dupilumab may be an emerging alternative treatment option for KD patients. Larger randomized controlled studies are needed to confirm these findings.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados , Doença de Kimura , Humanos , Masculino , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/efeitos adversos , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico
9.
Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis ; 43(5): 1031-1036, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38472521

RESUMO

PURPOSE: We aimed to show the increasing incidence of invasive fungal infections due to Volvariella Volvacea in patients with immunosuppression. METHODS: We present a case of an invasive fungal infection caused by Volvariella volvacea, and summarize the clinical and pathological features based on this case and a review of the literature. RESULTS: A total of seven patients with IFIs due to Volvariella Volvacea have been reported in the literature. The majority of cases have been obtained between 2019 and 2022. Including our case, they all had acquired immunosuppression. The lung and brain were the most commonly affected organs. All eight of these patients received antifungal therapy, but five still died one to seven months after occurrences of IFIs. CONCLUSION: The incidence of invasive fungal infections due to Volvariella Volvacea is increasing in recent years. It mainly occurred in patients with immunosuppression, especially in patients with malignant hematological cancers, and increased mortality.


Assuntos
Antifúngicos , Infecções Fúngicas Invasivas , Volvariella , Humanos , Volvariella/genética , Infecções Fúngicas Invasivas/epidemiologia , Infecções Fúngicas Invasivas/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções Fúngicas Invasivas/microbiologia , Infecções Fúngicas Invasivas/mortalidade , Incidência , Masculino , Antifúngicos/uso terapêutico , Hospedeiro Imunocomprometido , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Feminino , Idoso
10.
Plant Physiol Biochem ; 209: 108547, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38522132

RESUMO

Drought has been considered the most restrictive environmental constraint on agricultural production worldwide. Photosynthetic carbohydrate metabolism is a critical biochemical process connected with crop production and quality traits. A pot experiment was carried out under four potassium (K) rates (0, 0.75, 1.5 and 2.25 g pot-1 of K, respectively) and two water regimes to investigate the role of K in activating defense mechanisms on sucrose metabolism against drought damage in sesame. The soil moisture contents are 75 ± 5% (well-watered, WW) and 45 ± 5% (drought stress, DS) of field capacity respectively. The results showed that DS plants without K application have lower activities of ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase (Rubisco), sucrose phosphate synthase (SPS), soluble acid invertase (SAI), and chlorophyll content and higher activity of sucrose synthase (SuSy), which resulted in declined synthesis and distribution of photosynthetic products to reproductive organs. Under drought, there was a significant positive correlation between leaf sucrose metabolizing enzymes and sucrose content. Plants subjected to drought stress increased the concentrations of soluble sugar and sucrose to produce osmo-protectants and energy sources for plants acclimating to stress but decreased starch content. Conversely, K application enhanced the carbohydrate metabolism, biomass accumulation and partitioning, thereby contributing to higher seed oil and protein yield (28.8%-43.4% and 27.5%-40.7%) as compared to K-deficiency plants. The positive impacts of K application enhanced as increasing K rates, and it was more pronounced in drought conditions. Furthermore, K application upregulated the gene expression of SiMYB57, SiMYB155, SiMYB176 and SiMYB192 while downregulated SiMYB108 and SiMYB171 in drought conditions, which may help to alleviate drought susceptibility. Conclusively, our study illustrated that the enhanced photo-assimilation and translocation process caused by the changes in sucrose metabolism activities under K application as well as regulation of MYB gene expression contributes towards drought resistance of sesame.


Assuntos
Secas , Sesamum , Sesamum/genética , Sesamum/metabolismo , Potássio/metabolismo , Metabolismo dos Carboidratos/genética , Folhas de Planta/genética , Folhas de Planta/metabolismo , Sacarose/metabolismo , Expressão Gênica
11.
Appl Immunohistochem Mol Morphol ; 32(4): 169-175, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38478384

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the expression of early growth response 3 (EGR3) in normal skin and different types of skin tumors: cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (cSCC), basal cell carcinoma (BCC), melanoma (MM), and cutaneous adnexal tumors containing sebaceous carcinoma (SC), trichoepithelioma (TE) and clear cell hidradenoma (CCH). BACKGROUND: EGR3, expressed in multiple organs, including skin, plays an important role in cell differentiation and tumor growth. Previous studies have shown that EGR3 suppresses tumor growth and is downregulated in various malignancies. However, its distribution in normal skin and its expression especially in skin tumors have not been studied. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Samples of normal cases (n = 4), cSCC (n = 12), BCC (n = 12), MM (n = 12), SC (n = 4), TE (n = 4), and CCH (n = 4) were collected from patients treated in our department between 2018 and 2023. Immunohistochemistry was used to investigate the expression of EGR3. The results were analyzed with the description of the staining pattern and the histochemical score. RESULTS: Immunohistochemical staining showed that EGR3 was uniquely expressed in normal skin in the granular layer and upper part of the stratum spinosum, as well as in sebaceous glands and hair follicles, but not in sweat glands. In skin cancers, BCC, SC, and TE showed positive EGR3 staining, whereas cSCC, MM, and CCH were negative. CONCLUSIONS: EGR3 has a specific expression pattern in normal skin and in skin tumors, which is important for the differential diagnosis of skin tumors, in particular for cSCC and sebaceous gland carcinoma.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Basocelular , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Melanoma , Neoplasia de Células Basais , Neoplasias Cutâneas , Humanos , Carcinoma Basocelular/metabolismo , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/diagnóstico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/metabolismo , Melanoma/metabolismo , Pele/patologia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/patologia
12.
Atherosclerosis ; 392: 117483, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38490134

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: In this study, we carried out a clinical sample study, and in vivo and in vitro studies to evaluate the effect of SIRT6 and SIRT6-mediated vascular smooth muscle senescence on the development of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). METHOD AND RESULTS: AAA specimen showed an increased P16, P21 level and a decreased SIRT6 level compared with control aorta. Time curve study of Ang II infusion AAA model showed similar P16, P21 and SIRT6 changes at the early phase of AAA induction. The in vivo overexpression of SIRT6 significantly prevented AAA formation in Ang II infusion model. The expression of P16 and P21 was significantly reduced after SIRT6 overexpression. SIRT6 overexpression also attenuated chronic inflammation and neo-angiogenesis in Ang II infusion model. The overexpression of SIRT6 could attenuate premature senescence, inflammatory response and neo-angiogenesis in human aortic smooth muscle cells (HASMC) under Ang II stimulation. CONCLUSIONS: SIRT6 overexpression could limit AAA formation via attenuation of vascular smooth muscle senescence, chronic inflammation and neovascularity.


Assuntos
Angiotensina II , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal , Senescência Celular , Músculo Liso Vascular , Miócitos de Músculo Liso , Sirtuínas , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/metabolismo , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/patologia , Sirtuínas/metabolismo , Sirtuínas/genética , Humanos , Músculo Liso Vascular/patologia , Músculo Liso Vascular/metabolismo , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/metabolismo , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/patologia , Masculino , Animais , Inibidor p16 de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina/metabolismo , Inibidor de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina p21/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Aorta Abdominal/patologia , Aorta Abdominal/metabolismo , Células Cultivadas , Neovascularização Patológica , Idoso , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inflamação , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL
14.
Int J Dermatol ; 2024 Feb 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38366678

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Plaque psoriasis is relatively straightforward to identify. When diagnostic concerns arise in atypical cases, a biopsy is needed. It is widely accepted that the Munro microabscess and the spongiform pustule of Kogoj are diagnostic pathological features. However, the diagnostic dilemma is likely to arise in cases without these specific pathological changes and typical clinical features. This study aimed to investigate clinical and pathological clues in distinguishing atypical plaque psoriasis from its mimics. METHODS: We evaluated the clinicopathological features of 20 cases of atypical plaque psoriasis and 40 cases of psoriasis mimics as controls including pityriasis rosea (n = 10), pityriasis lichenoides chronica (n = 8), and subacute dermatitis (n = 22). RESULTS: A retrospective analysis of the clinicopathological characteristics of patients with atypical plaque psoriasis and controls was performed. Pathologically, there were significant differences between the two groups in the types of parakeratosis (P = 0.046), epidermal capture of extravasated erythrocytes (P = 0.011), focal basal liquefied degeneration (P = 0.017), types of inflammatory cells (P = 0.000), and depth of inflammation (P = 0.000). Clinically, we found the presence of scales and crusts was significantly different between the two groups. CONCLUSION: This study offers insight into the clinicopathological features of atypical plaque psoriasis. These differential diagnostic features, compared with its mimics, are proposed to assist the clinician in the diagnosis and treatment of atypical plaque psoriasis.

15.
Asian J Surg ; 2024 Feb 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38403543

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Sac regression (SR) is a surrogate marker of satisfied endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR). This research aims to investigate the incidence and predictors of SR in a Chinese population. DESIGN: Single centre retrospective cohort study. METHODS: Consecutive patients with infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) who underwent standard EVAR were retrospectively reviewed. SR was defined as sac shrinkage > 5 mm on computed tomography images, while major SR (MaSR) was ≥ 10 mm sac shrinkage. The cumulative rate was calculated by Kaplan-Meier analysis and predictors were identified by the Cox regression model. RESULTS: A total of 469 patients (median age, 71 years old) were included. The majority of them (86.6 %) were male. With a median time of 13.6 months, SR was detected in 129 (27.5 %) patients after the index EVAR. Compared with never smokers, current smokers were more likely to experience SR (adjusted HR 2.630, p < .001), while former smokers did not show any significant difference. Multivariate Cox regression also showed that maximal aneurysm diameter (adjusted HR 1.012, p = 0.035) and female (adjusted HR 1.675, p = .045) were independent predictors of SR. A total of 51 (10.9 %) patients had MaSR at a median time of 15.4 months after EVAR. In multivariate analysis, maximal aneurysm diameter and Zenith stent graft were independently associated with MaSR. CONCLUSION: In Chinese population, the incidence of SR and MaSR was 27.5 % and 10.9 % after EVAR, respectively. Maximal aneurysm diameter and female were independent predictors of SR. Compared with never smokers, it was more likely to have SR in current smokers.

16.
BMC Pediatr ; 24(1): 11, 2024 01 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38178076

RESUMO

Community-acquired bacterial meningitis (CABM) is the main cause of morbidity and mortality in children. The epidemiology of CABM is regional and highly dynamic. To clarify the diagnostic status and epidemiological characteristics of children with CABM in this region, and pay attention to the disease burden, so as to provide evidence for the prevention and treatment of CABM. By retrospective case analysis, the clinical data of 918 CABM cases in children aged 0-14 years in Zhejiang Province from January, 2019 to December, 2020 were collected. The etiological diagnosis rate of CABM in children was 23.1%, the annual incidence rate 4.42-6.15/100,000, the annual mortality rate 0.06-0.09/100,000,the cure and improvement rate 94.4%, and the case fatality rate 1.4%. The total incidence of neuroimaging abnormalities was 20.6%. The median length of stay for CABM children was 20(16) days, with an average cost of 21,531(24,835) yuan. In addition, the incidence rate was decreased with age. Escherichia coli(E.coli) and group B Streptococcus agalactiae(GBS) were the principal pathogens in CABM infant<3 months(43.3%, 34.1%), and Streptococcus pneumoniae(S. pneumoniae) was the most common pathogen in children ≥ 3 months(33.9%). In conclusion, the annual incidence and mortality of CABM in children aged 0-14 years in Zhejiang Province are at intermediate and low level. The distribution of CABM incidence and pathogen spectrum are different in age; the incidence of abnormal neuroimaging is high; and the economic burden is heavy.


Assuntos
Meningites Bacterianas , Criança , Lactente , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Meningites Bacterianas/diagnóstico , Meningites Bacterianas/epidemiologia , Meningites Bacterianas/tratamento farmacológico , Streptococcus pneumoniae , Streptococcus agalactiae , Escherichia coli , Incidência
17.
Sci Data ; 11(1): 63, 2024 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38212399

RESUMO

The Proboscidea, which includes modern elephants, were once the largest terrestrial animals among extant species. They suffered mass extinction during the Ice Age. As a unique branch on the evolutionary tree, the Proboscidea are of great significance for the study of living animals. In this study, we generate chromosome-scale and haplotype-resolved genome assemblies for two extant Proboscidea species (Asian Elephant, Elephas maximus and African Savannah Elephant, Loxodonta africana) using Pacbio, Hi-C, and DNBSEQ technologies. The assembled genome sizes of the Asian and African Savannah Elephant are 3.38 Gb and 3.31 Gb, with scaffold N50 values of 130 Mb and 122 Mb, respectively. Using Hi-C technology ~97% of the scaffolds are anchored to 29 pseudochromosomes. Additionally, we identify ~9 Mb Y-linked sequences for each species. The high-quality genome assemblies in this study provide a valuable resource for future research on ecology, evolution, biology and conservation of Proboscidea species.


Assuntos
Elefantes , Genoma , Animais , Cromossomos/genética , Elefantes/genética , Haplótipos
18.
Sci Total Environ ; 917: 170287, 2024 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38266728

RESUMO

Wet scavenging was critical in the atmospheric transport of 137Cs aerosols following the Fukushima accident. The aerosol size diversity and related microphysical processes produce complex behaviors during wet scavenging. Such behaviors are difficult to investigate using traditional simplified size distributions, resulting in inaccurate modeling. This study establishes an improved size-resolved wet scavenging model that considers the activation process. Using this model, five monodisperse simulations with five representative observed diameters with realistic solubility setting are performed to investigate the spatiotemporal wet scavenging behaviors of 137Cs aerosols. One polydisperse simulation with an empirical size distribution is also validated against the observation. The results reveal that 137Cs aerosols with diameters of 0.6 and 2.0 µm are mainly subject to below-cloud scavenging, which makes a significant contribution to low-deposition areas (<300 kBq/m2). For 137Cs aerosols with diameters of 6.4, 15, and 30 µm, in-cloud scavenging dominates, and the resulting depositions make significant contributions in high-deposition areas. The polydisperse results satisfy the criteria for good performance and better agree with the size, and deposition observations than the five monodisperse simulations, whereas for the concentration, the results show a similar RANK2 with the best mono1 and mono2 cases and reach the satisfactory criteria. These findings reveal the complex behavior and wet scavenging process of multi-mode 137Cs aerosols, improving our understanding and modeling.

19.
Plant Physiol Biochem ; 206: 108205, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38035467

RESUMO

Cultivating high nitrogen use efficient varieties is a sustainable solution to mitigating adverse effects on the environment caused by excessive nitrogen fertilizer application. However, in sesame, although immoderate nitrogen fertilizers are used to promote yield, the molecular basis of high nitrogen use efficiency (NUE) is largely unknown. Hence, this study aimed to identify high NUE black sesame variety and dissect the underlying physiological and molecular mechanisms. To achieve this, seventeen seedling traits of 30 black sesame varieties were evaluated under low nitrogen (LN) and high nitrogen (HN) conditions. Dry matter accumulation, root parameters, shoot nitrogen accumulation, and chlorophyll content are important factors for evaluating the NUE of sesame genotypes. The variety 17-156 was identified as the most efficient for N utilization. Comparative physiological and transcriptomics analyses revealed that 17-156 possesses a sophisticated nitrogen metabolizing machinery to uptake and assimilate higher quantities of inorganic nitrogen into amino acids and proteins, and simultaneously improving carbon metabolism and growth. Specifically, the total nitrogen and soluble protein contents significantly increased with the increase in nitrogen concentrations. Many important genes, including nitrate transporters (NPFs), amino acid metabolism-related (GS, GOGAT, GDH, etc.), phytohormone-related, and transcription factors, were significantly up-regulated in 17-156 under HN condition. In addition, 38 potential candidate genes were identified for future studies toward improving sesame's NUE. These findings offer valuable resources for deciphering the regulatory network of nitrogen metabolism and developing sesame cultivars with improved NUE.


Assuntos
Nitrogênio , Sesamum , Nitrogênio/metabolismo , Sesamum/genética , Sesamum/metabolismo , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Genótipo , Fenótipo
20.
Mol Neurobiol ; 61(3): 1433-1447, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37721689

RESUMO

Spinal cord injury (SCI) is a common clinical problem in orthopedics with a lack of effective treatments and drug targets. In the present study, we performed bioinformatic analysis of SCI datasets GSE464 and GSE45006 in the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) public database and experimentally validated CCL2 expression in an animal model of SCI. This was followed by stimulation of PC-12 cells using hydrogen peroxide to construct a cellular model of SCI. CCL2 expression was knocked down using small interfering RNA (si-CCL2), and PI3K signaling pathway inhibitors and activators were used to validate and observe the changes in downstream inflammation. Through data mining, we found that the inflammatory chemokine CCL2 and PI3K/Akt signaling pathways after SCI expression were significantly increased, and after peroxide stimulation of PC-12 cells with CCL2 knockdown, their downstream cellular inflammatory factor levels were decreased. The PI3K/Akt signaling pathway was blocked by PI3K inhibitors, and the downstream inflammatory response was suppressed. In contrast, when PI3K activators were used, the inflammatory response was enhanced, indicating that the CCL2-PI3K/Akt signaling pathway plays a key role in the regulation of the inflammatory response. This study revealed that the inflammatory chemokine CCL2 can regulate the inflammatory response of PC-12 cells through the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway, and blocking the expression of the inflammatory chemokine CCL2 may be a promising strategy for the treatment of secondary injury after SCI.


Assuntos
Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal , Animais , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Quimiocina CCL2/farmacologia , Transdução de Sinais , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/metabolismo , Biologia Computacional , Medula Espinal/metabolismo
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