Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 3.656
Filtrar
1.
J Proteome Res ; 2024 Feb 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38396335

RESUMO

Acetic acid is a prevalent inhibitor in lignocellulosic hydrolysate, which represses microbial growth and bioproduction. Histone modification and chromatin remodeling have been revealed to be critical for regulating eukaryotic metabolism. However, related studies in chronic acetic acid stress responses remain unclear. Our previous studies revealed that overexpression of the histone H4 methyltransferase Set5p enhanced acetic acid stress tolerance of the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. In this study, we examined the role of Set5p in acetic acid stress by analyzing global protein expression. Significant activation of intracellular protein expression under the stress was discovered, and the functions of the differential proteins were mainly involved in chromatin modification, signal transduction, and carbohydrate metabolism. Notably, a substantial increase of Set5p expression was observed in response to acetic acid stress. Functional studies demonstrated that the restriction of the telomere capping protein Rtc3p, as well as Ies3p and Taf14p, which are related to chromatin regulation, was critical for yeast stress response. This study enriches the understanding of the epigenetic regulatory mechanisms underlying yeast stress response mediated by histone-modifying enzymes. The results also benefit the development of robust yeast strains for lignocellulosic bioconversion.

2.
Pathogens ; 13(2)2024 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38392912

RESUMO

Swine enteric coronaviruses (SECoVs), including porcine deltacoronavirus (PDCoV), transmissible gastroenteritis virus (TGEV), porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV), and swine acute diarrhea syndrome coronavirus (SADS-CoV), have caused high mortality in piglets and, therefore, pose serious threats to the pork industry. Coronaviruses exhibit a trend of interspecies transmission, and understanding the host range of SECoVs is crucial for improving our ability to predict and control future epidemics. Here, the replication of PDCoV, TGEV, and PEDV in cells from different host species was compared by measuring viral genomic RNA transcription and protein synthesis. We demonstrated that PDCoV had a higher efficiency in infecting human lung adenocarcinoma cells (A549), Madin-Darby bovine kidney cells (MDBK), Madin-Darby canine kidney cells (MDCK), and chicken embryonic fibroblast cells (DF-1) than PEDV and TGEV. Moreover, trypsin can enhance the infectivity of PDCoV to MDCK cells that are nonsusceptible to TGEV. Additionally, structural analyses of the receptor ectodomain indicate that PDCoV S1 engages Aminopeptidase N (APN) via domain II, which is highly conserved among animal species of different vertebrates. Our findings provide a basis for understanding the interspecies transmission potential of these three porcine coronaviruses.

3.
MycoKeys ; 101: 313-328, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38343719

RESUMO

The genus Dioszegia is comprised of anamorphic basidiomycetous yeasts and is classified in the family Bulleribasidiaceae of the order Tremellales. Currently, 24 species have been described and accepted as members of the genus, although its diversity and global distribution have not been thoroughly investigated. In this study, yeasts were isolated from plant leaves collected in the Guizhou and Henan Provinces of China and identified through a combination of morphological and molecular methods. Phylogenetic analyses of the combined ITS and LSU sequences coupled with morphological studies revealed three novel species, D.guizhouensissp. nov., D.foliicolasp. nov., and D.aurantiasp. nov., proposed here. Additionally, our phylogenetic analyses suggest that the recently discovered species D.terrae is a synonym of D.maotaiensis. This study presents detailed descriptions and illustrations of three new Dioszegia species and highlights distinctions between them and their close relatives. The findings of this study contribute to our knowledge of the biodiversity of Dioszegia, offering a foundation for future research.

4.
Eur J Med Chem ; 268: 116175, 2024 Jan 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38377824

RESUMO

Microbial secondary metabolites are pivotal for the development of novel drugs. However, conventional culture techniques, have left a vast array of unexpressed biosynthetic gene clusters (BGCs) in microorganisms, hindering the discovery of metabolites with distinct structural features and diverse biological functions. To address this limitation, several innovative strategies have been emerged. The "One Strain Many Compounds" (OSMAC) strategy, which involves altering microbial culture conditions, has proven to be particularly effective in mining numerous novel secondary metabolites for the past few years. Among these, microbial cyclic peptides stand out. These peptides often comprise rare amino acids, unique chemical structures, and remarkable biological function. With the advancement of the OSMAC strategy, a plethora of new cyclic peptides have been identified from diverse microbial genera. This work reviews the progress in mining novel compounds using the OSMAC strategy and the applications of this strategy in discovering 284 microbial cyclic peptides from 63 endophytic strains, aiming to offer insights for the further explorations into novel active cyclic peptides.

5.
Eur J Med Res ; 29(1): 128, 2024 Feb 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38365795

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mild fetal ventriculomegaly (VM) is a nonspecific finding common to several pathologies with varying prognosis and is, therefore, a challenge in fetal consultation. We aimed to perform a constant, detailed analysis of prenatal findings and postnatal outcomes in fetuses with early-onset and late-onset mild ventriculomegaly, and provide a new evidence basis and new perspective for prenatal counseling. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study of women with a diagnosis of mild fetal VM between January 2018 and October 2020. The population was divided into two groups according to the gestational ages (GAs) at initial diagnosis: the early-onset group (diagnosed at/before 24+6 weeks) and the late-onset group (diagnosed after 24+6 weeks). Clinical data and pregnancy outcomes were obtained from hospital records. The children's neurodevelopment status was assessed using the Ages and Stages Questionnaire, Third Edition (ASQ-3) and telephone interviews. RESULTS: Our study cohort comprised 324 fetuses, out of which 94 (29%) were classified as early-onset group and 230 (71%) late-onset group. Early-onset group was more likely to have concurrent additional abnormalities, whereas in the late-onset group, isolated enlargement was more common (P = 0.01). Unilateral enlargement was more common in the late-onset group (P = 0.05), and symmetrical enlargement in the early-onset group (P < 0.01). In addition, early-onset mild VM cases were more likely to have intrauterine progression (P = 0.03), and many had a higher proportion of complex multisystem abnormalities. Compared with the late-onset group, the early-onset group was more often associated with congenital brain structure malformations. Approximately 11% of fetuses with mild VM had postnatal neurodevelopmental delay/disorders, and the risk was higher in the early-onset group (19.4% vs. 7.4%). Regression analysis showed that the GA at first diagnosis, non-isolated, and intrauterine progression significantly correlated with neurodevelopmental abnormalities. CONCLUSIONS: Early-onset and late-onset mild VM had significantly different ultrasound features and outcomes. Early-onset mild VM may have more complex potential abnormalities and are more likely to predict poor prognosis than the late-onset.


Assuntos
Hidrocefalia , Criança , Gravidez , Humanos , Feminino , Hidrocefalia/diagnóstico por imagem , Hidrocefalia/epidemiologia , Hidrocefalia/complicações , Estudos Retrospectivos , Seguimentos , Ultrassonografia Pré-Natal , Resultado da Gravidez/epidemiologia
6.
medRxiv ; 2024 Jan 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38343822

RESUMO

White matter (WM) brain age, a neuroimaging-derived biomarker indicating WM microstructural changes, helps predict dementia and neurodegenerative disorder risks. The cumulative effect of chronic stress on WM brain aging remains unknown. In this study, we assessed cumulative stress using a multi-system composite allostatic load (AL) index based on inflammatory, anthropometric, respiratory, lipidemia, and glucose metabolism measures, and investigated its causal association with WM brain age gap (BAG), computed from diffusion tensor imaging data using a machine learning model, among 22 951 European ancestries aged 40 to 69 (51.40% women) from UK Biobank. Linear regression, Mendelian randomization, along with inverse probability weighting and doubly robust methods, were used to evaluate the impact of AL on WM BAG adjusting for age, sex, socioeconomic, and lifestyle behaviors. We found increasing one AL score unit significantly increased WM BAG by 0.29 years in association analysis and by 0.33 years in Mendelian randomization causal analysis. The age- and sex-stratified analysis showed consistent results among participants 45-54 and 55-64 years old, with no significant sex difference. This study demonstrated that higher chronic stress caused accelerated brain aging, highlighting the importance of stress management in reducing dementia and neurodegenerative disease risks.

7.
Dalton Trans ; 2024 Feb 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38349531

RESUMO

From paddle-wheel starting material Na3Ru2(CO3)4·6H2O, a family of edge-sharing bi-octahedral (ESBO) diruthenium(IV,IV) compounds formulated as Ru2O2(CO3)2(H2O)2L2·nH2O [L = piperazine (1) or 2-methylpiperazine (2), n = 4, and L = 2,2-dimethylpiperazine (3), n = 12] and Ru2O2(CO3)2(OH)4{M(H2O)4}2·nH2O [M = Mg (4), n = 4, and Ni (5), n = 2] were prepared and structurally characterized. The Ru28+ dimer is chelated and bridged by two CO32- and two µ-O in a trans manner, and the Ru-Ru distances fall in the range 2.3808(6)-2.4001(4) Å. Compound 2 shows the shortest Ru-Ru distance for all known ESBO Ru2 compounds reported thus far. Increasing -CH3 groups of terminal piperazine ligands coordinated to the Ru(µ-O)2(µ-O3C)2Ru core, and according to Raman spectra experiments combined with theoretical calculations, the intense bands of compounds 1-3 appearing at ∼360 cm-1 can be assigned to the stretching of Ru-Ru bonds.

8.
Bio Protoc ; 14(3): e4930, 2024 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38379827

RESUMO

Enzyme immobilization offers a number of advantages that improve biocatalysis; however, finding a proper way to immobilize enzymes is often a challenging task. Implanting enzymes in metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) via co-crystallization, also known as biomineralization, provides enhanced reusability and stability with minimal perturbation and substrate selectivity to the enzyme. Currently, there are limited metal-ligand combinations with a proper protocol guiding the experimental procedures. We have recently explored 10 combinations that allow custom immobilization of enzymes according to enzyme stability and activity in different metals/ligands. Here, as a follow-up of that work, we present a protocol for how to carry out custom immobilization of enzymes using the available combinations of metal ions and ligands. Detailed procedures to prepare metal ions, ligands, and enzymes for their co-crystallization, together with characterization and assessment, are discussed. Precautions for each experimental step and result analysis are highlighted as well. This protocol is important for enzyme immobilization in various research and industrial fields. Key features • A wide selection of metal ions and ligands allows for the immobilization of enzymes in metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) via co-crystallization. • Step-by-step enzyme immobilization procedure via co-crystallization of metal ions, organic linkers, and enzymes. • Practical considerations and experimental conditions to synthesize the enzyme@MOF biocomposites are discussed. • The demonstrated method can be generalized to immobilize other enzymes and find other metal ion/ligand combinations to form MOFs in water and host enzymes.

9.
Front Microbiol ; 15: 1287984, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38380097

RESUMO

The genus Erythrobasidium is kind of species-scarce and undersampling basidiomycetes. Currently, only six species have been accepted into the genus and the diversity still remains incompletely understood. In this study, five Erythrobasidium strains were isolated in the surface of plant leaves collected from the Baotianman Nature Reserve, Henan Province, central China. Phylogenetic analyses of the small ribosomal subunit (SSU) rRNA gene, the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region, the D1/D2 domain of the large subunit (LSU) rRNA gene, and the translation elongation factor 1-α (TEF1-α) gene coupled with morphological studies were employed to characterize and identify these isolates. As a result of these, two new species, namely E. turpiniae sp. nov. and E. nanyangense sp. nov., were delimited and proposed based on morphological and molecular evidence. A detailed description and illustration of both new species, as well as their differences with the close relatives in the genus are provided. An identification key for Erythrobasidium species is also provided. This study provides further insights into our understanding of Erythrobasidium species.

10.
Epilepsia ; 2024 Feb 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38393301

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Structural-functional coupling (SFC) has shown great promise in predicting postsurgical seizure recurrence in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). In this study, we aimed to clarify the global alterations in SFC in TLE patients and predict their surgical outcomes using SFC features. METHODS: This study analyzed presurgical diffusion and functional magnetic resonance imaging data from 71 TLE patients and 48 healthy controls (HCs). TLE patients were categorized into seizure-free (SF) and non-seizure-free (nSF) groups based on postsurgical recurrence. Individual functional connectivity (FC), structural connectivity (SC), and SFC were quantified at the regional and modular levels. The data were compared between the TLE and HC groups as well as among the TLE, SF, and nSF groups. The features of SFC, SC, and FC were categorized into three datasets: the modular SFC dataset, regional SFC dataset, and SC/FC dataset. Each dataset was independently integrated into a cross-validated machine learning model to classify surgical outcomes. RESULTS: Compared with HCs, the visual and subcortical modules exhibited decoupling in TLE patients (p < .05). Multiple default mode network (DMN)-related SFCs were significantly higher in the nSF group than in the SF group (p < .05). Models trained using the modular SFC dataset demonstrated the highest predictive performance. The final prediction model achieved an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of .893 with an overall accuracy of .887. SIGNIFICANCE: Presurgical hyper-SFC in the DMN was strongly associated with postoperative seizure recurrence. Furthermore, our results introduce a novel SFC-based machine learning model to precisely classify the surgical outcomes of TLE.

11.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 907, 2024 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38383456

RESUMO

Post-infectious myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome (PI-ME/CFS) is a disabling disorder, yet the clinical phenotype is poorly defined, the pathophysiology is unknown, and no disease-modifying treatments are available. We used rigorous criteria to recruit PI-ME/CFS participants with matched controls to conduct deep phenotyping. Among the many physical and cognitive complaints, one defining feature of PI-ME/CFS was an alteration of effort preference, rather than physical or central fatigue, due to dysfunction of integrative brain regions potentially associated with central catechol pathway dysregulation, with consequences on autonomic functioning and physical conditioning. Immune profiling suggested chronic antigenic stimulation with increase in naïve and decrease in switched memory B-cells. Alterations in gene expression profiles of peripheral blood mononuclear cells and metabolic pathways were consistent with cellular phenotypic studies and demonstrated differences according to sex. Together these clinical abnormalities and biomarker differences provide unique insight into the underlying pathophysiology of PI-ME/CFS, which may guide future intervention.


Assuntos
Doenças Transmissíveis , Síndrome de Fadiga Crônica , Humanos , Síndrome de Fadiga Crônica/metabolismo , Leucócitos Mononucleares/metabolismo , Doenças Transmissíveis/metabolismo , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Fenótipo
12.
Front Microbiol ; 15: 1338231, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38389540

RESUMO

Wickerhamomyces is a well-known genus of the family Wickerhamomycetaceae in the class Ascomycetes. These fungi can survive in a variety of substrates and environments and perform many valuable roles in both industrial processes and the natural ecosystems. During our investigation of yeast diversity associated with plant materials, 53 Wickerhamomyces isolates were obtained from rotting wood and plant leaves collected in Fujian, Guizhou, Henan, and Yunnan Provinces of China. Isolates were identified as 14 Wickerhamomyces species, including 1 species known previously to occur in China (W. anomalus), 9 new record species in China (W. arborarius, W. ciferrii, W. edaphicus, W. lynferdii, W. pijperi, W. subpelliculosa, W. xylosica, W. strasburgensis, and W. sydowiorum), and 4 novel species (W. guiyangensis sp. nov., W. paramyanmarensis sp. nov., W. quanzhouensis sp. nov., and W. phyllophilus sp. nov.). This study presents a detailed account of these new species, illustrating their morphology and analyzing their phylogenetic relationships with other Wickerhamomyces species. Our study is the first comprehensive study on Wickerhamomyces species associated with plant materials from tropical and subtropical China. The results of this study update our understanding of the phylogenetic relationships, systematics, and ecology of Wickerhamomyces.

13.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 16(7): 9190-9200, 2024 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38349042

RESUMO

Achieving superior mechanical properties of composite materials in artificially engineered materials is a great challenge due to technical bottlenecks in the size and morphological modulation of inorganic nanominerals. Hence, a "bioprocess-inspired fabrication" is proposed to create multilayered organic-inorganic columnar structures. The sequential assembly of halloysite nanotubes (HNTs), polyelectrolytes (PAAs), and calcium phosphates (CaPs) results in organic-inorganic structures. PAA plays a crucial role in controlling the formation of CaP, guiding it into amorphous particles with smaller nanosizes. The introduction of HNT induces the assembly and maturation of CaP-PAA, leading to the formation of a highly crystalline hydroxyapatite. Poly(vinyl alcohol) was then woven into HNT-encapsulated hydroxyapatite nanorods, resulting in composite materials with basic hierarchical structures across multiple scales. The fabricated composite exhibits exceptional hardness (4.27 ± 0.33 GPa) and flexural strength (101.25 ± 1.72 MPa), surpassing those of most previously developed biological hard tissue materials. Additionally, the composite demonstrates effective antibacterial properties and corrosion resistance, attributed to the dense crystalline phase of CaP. This innovative approach showcases the potential of clay minerals, particularly HNT, in the advancement of biomaterial design. The outstanding mechanical and antimicrobial properties of clay-based composites make them a promising candidate for applications in hard tissue repair, offering versatility in biomedicine and engineering.


Assuntos
Materiais Biocompatíveis , Nanotubos , Argila/química , Materiais Biocompatíveis/química , Nanotubos/química , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Durapatita/química
14.
Sci Total Environ ; 918: 170650, 2024 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38320699

RESUMO

Studying the differences in leaf temperature and their mechanisms can help us accurately understand the microenvironment in which plants are located. In this paper, typical residential areas in Jianye District, Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, China, are selected as the research area, we investigated the suitability of green space configurations from the perspective of tree leaf temperature of residential areas based on the scenario simulation in ENVI-met. Firstly, twenty abstract models were constructed, including four kinds of aspect ratio of trees (ARTs) which can be used to indicate the different green space arrangement and two typical tree species, camphora tree and platanus tree. And then three aspects were discussed including impacts of different Aspect Ratio of Trees (ART), different house-side configurations on tree leaf temperature and the relationship between temperature of tree leaves and land surface temperature (ΔSurfT) and the thermal comfort index of physiological equivalent temperature (ΔPET). The results showed that B-1 (camphor tree, ART = 2) demonstrates the most effective cooling effect in summer, with ΔPET of 3.09 °C and ΔSurfT of 3.34 °C. In winter, A-1 (platanus tree, ART = 2) proves to be the most effective in enhancing thermal comfort (ΔPET = -0.15 °C), while B-1 excels in improving surface temperature (ΔSurfT = 0.55 °C). In all, for residential area, especially in summer, planting dense camphora trees is better than platanus trees and house-side green space was very necessary. This research can help to determine appropriate tree species and green space configuration strategies for future residential areas to enhance thermal comfort.


Assuntos
Parques Recreativos , Árvores , Temperatura , Estações do Ano , Plantas , Folhas de Planta , Cidades
15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38410049

RESUMO

Biodegradation of insoluble biomass such as cellulose via carbohydrase enzymes is an effective approach to break down plant cell walls and extract valuable materials therein. Yet, the high cost and poor reusability of enzymes are practical concerns. We recently proved that immobilizing multiple digestive enzymes on metal-organic materials (MOMs) allows enzymes to be reused via gravimetric separation, improving the cost efficiency of cereal biomass degradation [ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 2021, 13, 36, 43085-43093]. However, this strategy cannot be adapted for enzymes whose substrates or products are insoluble (e.g., cellulose crystals). Recently, we described an alternative approach based on magnetic metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) using model enzymes/substrates [ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 2020, 12, 37, 41794-41801]. Here, we aim to prove the effectiveness of combining these two strategies in cellulose degradation. We immobilized multiple carbohydrase enzymes that cooperate in cellulose degradation via cocrystallization with Ca2+, a carboxylate ligand (BDC) in the absence and presence of magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs). We then compared the separation efficiency and enzyme reusability of the resultant multienzyme@Ca-BDC and multienzyme@MNP-Ca-BDC composites via gravimetric and magnetic separation, respectively, and found that, although both composites were effective in cellulose degradation in the first round, the multienzyme@MNP-Ca-BDC composites displayed significantly enhanced reusability. This work provides the first experimental demonstration of using magnetic solid supports to immobilize multiple carbohydrase enzymes simultaneously and degrade cellulose and promotes green/sustainable chemistry in three ways: (1) reusing the enzymes saves energy/sources to prepare them, (2) the synthetic conditions are "green" without generating unwanted wastes, and (3) using our composites to degrade cellulose is the first step of extracting valuable materials from sustainable biomasses such as plants whose growth does not rely on nonregeneratable resources.

16.
J Virol ; : e0198223, 2024 Feb 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38411106

RESUMO

Continuously emerging highly pathogenic coronaviruses remain a major threat to human and animal health. Porcine deltacoronavirus (PDCoV) is a newly emerging enterotropic swine coronavirus that causes large-scale outbreaks of severe diarrhea disease in piglets. Unlike other porcine coronaviruses, PDCoV has a wide range of species tissue tropism, including primary human cells, which poses a significant risk of cross-species transmission. Nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-like receptor (NLR) family pyrin domain-containing 1 (NLRP1) has a key role in linking host innate immunity to microbes and the regulation of inflammatory pathways. We now report a role for NLRP1 in the control of PDCoV infection. Overexpression of NLRP1 remarkably suppressed PDCoV infection, whereas knockout of NLRP1 led to a significant increase in PDCoV replication. A mechanistic study revealed that NLRP1 suppressed PDCoV replication in cells by upregulating IL-11 expression, which in turn inhibited the phosphorylation of the ERK signaling pathway. Furthermore, the ERK phosphorylation inhibitor U0126 effectively hindered PDCoV replication in pigs. Together, our results demonstrated that NLRP1 exerted an anti-PDCoV effect by IL-11-mediated inhibition of the phosphorylation of the ERK signaling pathway, providing a novel antiviral signal axis of NLRP1-IL-11-ERK. This study expands our understanding of the regulatory network of NLRP1 in the host defense against virus infection and provides a new insight into the treatment of coronaviruses and the development of corresponding drugs.IMPORTANCECoronavirus, which mainly infects gastrointestinal and respiratory epithelial cells in vivo, poses a huge threat to both humans and animals. Although porcine deltacoronavirus (PDCoV) is known to primarily cause fatal diarrhea in piglets, reports detected in plasma samples from Haitian children emphasize the potential risk of animal-to-human spillover. Finding effective therapeutics against coronaviruses is crucial for controlling viral infection. Nucleotide-binding oligomerization-like receptor (NLR) family pyrin domain-containing 1 (NLRP1), a key regulatory factor in the innate immune system, is highly expressed in epithelial cells and associated with the pathogenesis of viruses. We demonstrate here that NLRP1 inhibits the infection of the intestinal coronavirus PDCoV through IL-11-mediated phosphorylation inhibition of the ERK signaling pathway. Furthermore, the ERK phosphorylation inhibitor can control the infection of PDCoV in pigs. Our study emphasizes the importance of NLRP1 as an immune regulatory factor and may open up new avenues for the treatment of coronavirus infection.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38415711

RESUMO

A yeast strain (CGMCC 2.6937T) belonging to the ascomycetous yeast genus Saturnispora was recently isolated from soil collected in Xinghuacun, Shanxi Province, PR China. The strain produces one or two ellipsoid or spherical ascospores in asci formed by the conjugation between a cell and its bud. Phylogenetic analyses of the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region and the D1/D2 domain of the large subunit rRNA gene suggest that this strain is conspecific with strains NYNU 14639 isolated from rotten wood collected in Funiu Mountain, Henan province and ES13S05 from soil collected in Nantou County, Taiwan. The CGMCC 2.6937T group is most closely related to Saturnispora dispora and Saturnispora zaruensis. However, strain CGMCC 2.6937T differs from S. dispora by 17 (3.2 %, 13 substitutions and four gaps) and 77 (18.8 %, 52 substitutions and 25 gaps) mismatches, and from S. zaruensis by 15 (2.9 %, 12 substitutions and three gaps) and 64 (15.6 %, 44 substitutions and 20 gaps) mismatches, in the D1/D2 domain and ITS region, respectively. The results suggest that the CGMCC 2.6937T group represents an undescribed species in the genus Saturnispora, for which the name Saturnispora sinensis sp. nov. is proposed. The holotype strain is CGMCC 2.6937T.


Assuntos
Ascomicetos , Filogenia , Microbiologia do Solo , Madeira , Ascomicetos/classificação , Ascomicetos/genética , Composição de Bases , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Madeira/microbiologia , Técnicas de Tipagem Micológica
18.
Fitoterapia ; 174: 105833, 2024 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38301935

RESUMO

Five new steroidal saponins, paripolins D-H (1-5), and 6 known compounds (6-11) were isolated from the aerial parts of Paris polyphylla var. yunnanensis. The structures of 1-5 were determined using spectroscopic analyses in conjunction with acid hydrolysis. It is for the first time to report the 12-hydroxysteroidal saponins from the genus Paris. The effect of all isolated compounds on blood coagulation was determined in vitro using the plasma recalcification time method. Compounds 1 and 2 showed potent procoagulant activity, and 5-11 exhibited significant anticoagulant activity.

19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38196295

RESUMO

AIM: The study aimed to identify predictive risk factor to identify high-stage histological chorioamnionitis (HCA) in pregnancies with cervical incompetence (CIC). METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted by including 116 pregnant women with cervical incompetence that required prophylactical and therapeutical cerclage. The histopathology examination on placenta was conducted with informed patient consent. All the cases included in this study were divided based on the severity degree of HCA. The demographic characteristic and the parameters related to maternal and fetal outcome were all analyzed. Besides, perioperative parameters of cerclage, including cervical length, cervical morphology, and laboratory indexes were also compared between two groups. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis were used to determine the risk factor of severe chorioamnionitis. RESULTS: Severe HCA was significantly associated with cervical morphology, cerclage indication, cerclage type, and cervical length measured via ultrasound and vaginal examination. After adjusted for confounders, V-type funneling and short cervix was indicated as independent risk factors of severe HCA by multivariate logistic regression analysis, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: V-type funneling and short cervix may indicate the elevated risk of high-stage HCA. Due to the negative outcomes related with high-stage HCA, appropriate prenatal treatment would improve the pregnancy outcomes in cerclaged population. To facilitate postpartum treatment, placental histological examination should be routinely recommended to identify the high-stage HCA, especially in high risk pregnancies.

20.
Quant Imaging Med Surg ; 14(1): 1039-1060, 2024 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38223121

RESUMO

Tuberculosis (TB) remains one of the major infectious diseases in the world with a high incidence rate. Drug-resistant tuberculosis (DR-TB) is a key and difficult challenge in the prevention and treatment of TB. Early, rapid, and accurate diagnosis of DR-TB is essential for selecting appropriate and personalized treatment and is an important means of reducing disease transmission and mortality. In recent years, imaging diagnosis of DR-TB has developed rapidly, but there is a lack of consistent understanding. To this end, the Infectious Disease Imaging Group, Infectious Disease Branch, Chinese Research Hospital Association; Infectious Diseases Group of Chinese Medical Association of Radiology; Digital Health Committee of China Association for the Promotion of Science and Technology Industrialization, and other organizations, formed a group of TB experts across China. The conglomerate then considered the Chinese and international diagnosis and treatment status of DR-TB, China's clinical practice, and evidence-based medicine on the methodological requirements of guidelines and standards. After repeated discussion, the expert consensus of imaging diagnosis of DR-PB was proposed. This consensus includes clinical diagnosis and classification of DR-TB, selection of etiology and imaging examination [mainly X-ray and computed tomography (CT)], imaging manifestations, diagnosis, and differential diagnosis. This expert consensus is expected to improve the understanding of the imaging changes of DR-TB, as a starting point for timely detection of suspected DR-TB patients, and can effectively improve the efficiency of clinical diagnosis and achieve the purpose of early diagnosis and treatment of DR-TB.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...