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1.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 282: 114609, 2022 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34508802

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The Danggui-Yimucao herb pair (DY) is a classic combination in Chinese herbal formulas, consisting of the root of Angelica sinensis (Oliv.) Diels and the aerial parts of Leonurus japonicus Houtt. DY first appeared in "Zhulinsi fuke mifang" in the Jin Dynasty, and it has a long history as a drug for the treatment of abortion. However, its underlying immunomodulatory mechanisms involved are still unclear. AIM OF THE STUDY: In this study, network pharmacology and pharmacological experiments were used to explore the role and mechanism of DY in the treatment of medical abortion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Network pharmacology was used to establish the relationship between the components of DY and abortion-related targets, and to enrich important pathways and biological process for verification. ELISA was used to assess progesterone levels. Flow cytometry was used to detect the degree of differentiation of Th1/Th2 cells. Immunohistochemical methods and qPCR were used to measure the expression levels of T-bet, GATA-3 and IL-4. RESULTS: Through the prediction analysis of network pharmacology, we found that key pathway for DY treatment of abortion, such as anemia, pelvic infection, immune disorders, and coagulation disorders, was Th1/Th2 cell differentiation pathway. The pharmacological results revealed that DY greatly corrected the imbalance of Th cell subsets in abortion mice, significantly inhibited the differentiation of Th2 cells, and resulted in an increase in the Th1/Th2 ratio. In addition, the concentration of progesterone in the serum of mice after abortion was significantly reduced. We also found that DY upregulated spleen T-bet and downregulated IL-4 gene expression in mice. Besides, immunohistochemical results showed that DYE could up-regulate T-bet but inhibit GATA-3 expression. CONCLUSIONS: Our results showed that after RU486-induced abortion, progesterone and Th1/Th2 paradigm were disordered in mice, but DY could make mice recover more quickly, which indicated that DY had great development value in immunoregulation.

2.
Virology ; 565: 96-105, 2022 01 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34768113

RESUMO

Swine acute diarrhea syndrome coronavirus (SADS-CoV) is a newly discovered enteric coronavirus. We have previously shown that the caspase-dependent FASL-mediated and mitochondrion-mediated apoptotic pathways play a central role in SADS-CoV-induced apoptosis, which facilitates viral replication. However, the roles of intracellular signaling pathways in SADS-CoV-mediated cell apoptosis and the relative advantages that such pathways confer on the host or virus remain largely unknown. In this study, we show that SADS-CoV induces the activation of ERK during infection, irrespective of viral biosynthesis. The knockdown or chemical inhibition of ERK1/2 significantly suppressed viral protein expression and viral progeny production. The inhibition of ERK activation also circumvented SADS-CoV-induced apoptosis. Taken together, these data suggest that ERK activation is important for SADS-CoV replication, and contributes to the virus-mediated changes in host cells. Our findings demonstrate the takeover of a particular host signaling mechanism by SADS-CoV and identify a potential approach to inhibiting viral spread.

3.
Chemosphere ; 287(Pt 2): 132094, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34492410

RESUMO

Electrochemical activation of peroxymonosulfate (PMS) at carbon cloth anode (E (Carbon cloth Anode)/PMS system) was investigated for sulfamethoxazole (SMX) degradation. The results indicated that PMS could be activated at carbon cloth anode during electrolysis, resulting in the improvement of SMX degradation. The degradation efficiency of SMX was facilitated with the higher PMS concentration and current density, respectively. The degradation rate constant of SMX increased with the rising pH from 3.6 to 6.0, and reached the highest value at pH 6.0, and then decreased with further increasing pH to 8.0. The presence of chloride ion (Cl-, 5-100 mM) significantly enhanced SMX degradation, while addition of humic acid (HA, 1-5 mgC L-1) inhibited SMX degradation. Addition of carbonate (HCO3-, 5-20 mM) had a negligible impact on SMX degradation. Small amounts of phosphate (PO43-, 0-5 mM) could promote degradation, while a large amount of PO43- (10-20 mM) inhibited the degradation. Moreover, the quenching experiments demonstrated that sulfate radical (SO4·-), hydroxyl radical (·OH) and singlet oxygen (1O2) contributed to SMX degradation in E (Carbon cloth Anode)/PMS system. The degradation intermediates of SMX were identified by LC-MS/MS and the degradation pathways were deduced to be hydroxylation, the cleavage of S-N bond, and oxidation of aniline group. Moreover, the micronucleus test of Vicia faba root tips indicated that the E (Carbon Cloth Anode)/PMS system could reduce the genetic toxicity of SMX contaminated water to some extent.


Assuntos
Sulfametoxazol , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Carbono , Cromatografia Líquida , Eletrodos , Oxirredução , Peróxidos , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
4.
Food Chem ; 371: 131157, 2022 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34583180

RESUMO

Ochratoxin A (OTA) is a very important mycotoxin. However, there are few studies on the removal of OTA in wine because of the great influence on product quality and difficulty in practical application. A nano-MgO-modified diatomite ceramic membrane (MCM) with a high positive charge was prepared and applied to remove OTA in wine. The isotherm adsorption between the positively charged membrane and OTA was in accordance with the Langmuir model, with a maximum adsorption capacity of 806 ng/g at 25 °C. All of the changes in adsorption enthalpy (ΔH), adsorption free energy (ΔG) and adsorption entropy (ΔS) were negative, which indicated that the combination of nano-MgO MCM and OTA was a spontaneous exothermic and nonspecific physical adsorption process. The concentrations of OTA in adsorption-treated wines were lower than 2 µg/kg, and the removal rates exceeded 92%. After OTA removal, the composition of wines was preserved to some extent.


Assuntos
Ocratoxinas , Vinho , Adsorção , Cerâmica , Ocratoxinas/análise , Eletricidade Estática , Vinho/análise
5.
Quant Imaging Med Surg ; 11(11): 4543-4555, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34737922

RESUMO

Background: Intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) provides good insight into lumen boundary and plaques; however, it is still difficult to detect functionally significant stenosis from IVUS images for the guidance of coronary percutaneous intervention (PCI). This study aimed to develop a novel method to estimate fractional flow reserve (FFR) value for determining the functional significance of coronary artery disease through the fusion of IVUS and X-ray angiographic images. Methods: We developed a novel approach to 3D vessel reconstruction by integrating IVUS with X-ray angiographic images. Based on the reconstructed geometry and the inlet flow derived from the thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (TIMI) frame count, a simplified fluid dynamics equation was established to compute the pressure drop and IVUS-derived FFR (AccuFFRivus) was subsequently obtained. To validate the feasibility and performance of this IVUS-based FFR method, we performed AccuFFRivus calculations on 32 coronary vessels with invasive FFR as the reference standard. Results: Great correlation (r=0.86, P<0.001) was observed between AccuFFRivus and FFR. The area under the receiver-operating characteristic curve (AUC) was higher for AccuFFRivus than minimal lumen area (MLA, <4 mm2) and diameter stenosis rate (DS% ≥50%) [0.98 (95% CI: 0.86 to 1.0) vs. 0.78 (95% CI: 0.60 to 0.91) and 0.66 (95% CI: 0.47 to 0.82)]. Bland-Altman plot showed a mean difference value of -0.011 (limits of agreement: -0.156 to 0.134). Conclusions: AccuFFRivus is a novel method for hybridizing IVUS and X-ray angiographic images to identify functionally significant stenosis with FFR ≤0.80. The good diagnostic performance from the initial validation study demonstrates the potential for clinical utilization of physiologically guided decision-making. Further validation is required in future studies with a large number of cases.

6.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 21830, 2021 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34750414

RESUMO

Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a common and complex skin disorder, and the 5q22.1 region had been reported to be associated with AD. To confirm the susceptibility gene for AD in the 5q22.1 region by haplotype and targeted capture sequencing. The haplotypes were reconstructed with the genotyping data of four SNPs and six deletions from 3624 Chinese Hans AD patients and 5076 controls. The targeted capture sequencing spanning 5q22.1 region was performed in the selected samples. The gene level enrichment analysis was done using loss of function variants. A total of 62 haplotypes were found, and the H15 haplotype had the strongest association with AD (P = 3.92 × 10-10, OR 0.17, 95% CI 0.09-0.32). However, no co-segregation mutation sites were found in the sequencing analysis within the 16 selected samples, while the enrichment analysis indicated that TMEM232 was significantly associated with AD (P = 7.33 × 10-5, OR 0.33, 95% CI 0.19-0.58). This study confirms previous findings that the TMEM232 gene is associated with AD by haplotype analysis and targeted capture sequencing.

8.
Chemosphere ; : 132947, 2021 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34800509

RESUMO

Peracetic acid (PAA) oxidation is an emerging technology in water disinfection and purification. This study evaluated the oxidation of three pyrazolone pharmaceuticals (i.e., Aminopyrine (AMP), Antipyrine (ANT), and Isopropylphenazone (PRP) by PAA. Experimental results showed that PAA exhibited structure selectivity to the above three pharmaceuticals and oxidized AMP with the highest reactivity. The degradation kinetics of AMP was investigated by calculating the apparent second-order rate constants (kapp) under different initial pH. Through kinetic simulation, the second-order rate constants of elementary reactions between AMP (i.e., neutral (AMP0) and protonated (AMP+) species) with PAA (i.e., neutral (PAA0) and anionic (PAA-) species) were obtained to be 0.34 ± 0.077 M-1 s-1(k"AMP+, PAA0), 0.89 ± 0.091 M-1 s-1(k"AMP0, PAA-) and 5.94 ± 0.142 M-1 s-1(k"AMP0, PAA0), respectively. The PAA could oxidize AMP via electrophilic attack, and the degradation site of AMP was confirmed to be the central nitrogen of -N(CH3)2 with the highest relative electrophilicity (sk-/sk+, 48.8614) by Density Functional Theory (DFT) calculation. The intermediates/products of AMP degradation were identified by high-performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS), and the transformation pathways of AMP during PAA oxidation were inferred to be hydroxylation, demethylation, and CC cleavage. The genetic toxicity of AMP contaminated water could be reduced after PAA oxidation, which was evaluated by the micronucleus test of Vicia faba root tips.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34843433

RESUMO

The analysis of molecular cavities, where ligands interact with protein structures, plays a critical role in protein structure-based drug design. However, it is a challenge because of the ambiguous definition of the cavity boundaries in most cavity detection methods. The cavities are mostly calculated by input parameters, which are difficult for users to visualize cavities in interactive ways. In this paper, we propose a novel method for the interactive exploration of cavity calculation and visualization. Firstly, the proposed method combines the two solvent-excluded surfaces (SES) models of a given protein to define the boundaries and provides cavity emission points. Secondly, the system provides a user-guided interactive method to allow users to select cavities by simply clicking operations and to track the cavity identify and filling process based on position constraints. Finally, the selected cavities are represented with the colorful depth perception method. Experiments show that our work can effectively identify and calculate cavities.

10.
Virus Res ; 308: 198632, 2021 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34793872

RESUMO

In 2020, to trace the prevalence and evolution of bovine coronavirus (BCoV) in China, a total of 1383 samples (1016 fecal samples and 367 nasal swab samples) were collected from 1016 cattle exhibiting diarrhea symptoms on dairy farms and beef cattle farms in Heilongjiang Province, Northeast China. All samples were subjected to reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) detection of the BCoV N gene, followed by an analysis of its epidemiology and genetic evolution. The results indicated that of the 1016 diarrhea-affected cattle, 15.45% (157/1016) were positive for BCoV, in which positive rates of the fecal and nasal swab samples were 12.20% (124/1016) and 21.53% (79/367), respectively. Of the 367 cattle whose nasal swab samples were collected, the BCoV positive rate of the corresponding fecal samples was 15.26% (56/367). BCoV infection was significantly associated with age, farming pattern, cattle type, farm latitude, sample type, and clinical symptom (p < 0.05). Of the 203 BCoV-positive samples, 20 spike (S) genes were successfully sequenced. The 20 identified BCoV strains shared nucleotide homologies of 97.7-100.0%, and their N-terminal domain of S1 subunit (S1-NTD: residues 15-298) differed genetically from the reference strains of South Korea and Europe. The 20 identified BCoV strains were clustered in the Asia-North America group (GII group) in the global strain-based phylogenetic tree and formed three clades in the Chinese strain-based phylogenetic tree. The HLJ/HH-10/2020 strain was clustered into the Europe group (GI group) in the S1-NTD-based phylogenetic tree, exhibiting N146/I, D148/G, and L154/F mutations that affect the S protein structure. Of the identified BCoV strains, one potential recombination event occurred between the HLJ/HH-20/2020 and HLJ/HH-10/2020 strains, which led to the generation of the recombinant BCV-AKS-01 strain. A selective pressure analysis on the S protein revealed one positively selected site (Asn509) among the 20 identified BCoV strains located inside the putative receptor binding domain (residues 326-540). These data provide a greater understanding of the epidemiology and evolution of BCoV in China.

11.
Water Res ; 207: 117811, 2021 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34763277

RESUMO

Hollow fiber membrane contactor (HFMC) is a promising technology for removing or recovering wastewaters' volatile components. Developing a rational design method is very important for guiding its further application. In this study, we proposed a method to design the multi-stage open-loop hollow fiber membrane contactor (HFMC) employing shell-side influent. In addition, a three-stage HFMC was designed to capture ammonia from real hydrolyzed human urine. A continuous 1344 h performance was conducted. The results showed that the experimental effluent total ammonium nitrogen (TAN) concentration and ammonia mass transfer coefficient matched the predicted results well, which indicated that the design method was feasible and accurate. The three-stage HFMC showed excellent ammonia capture capacity with a TAN recovery efficiency of 93.29%, and the final effluent TAN concentration was 30.98±14.70 mg/L which met our design requirement (lower than 50 mg/L). More than 98.92% of the inorganic ions and 96.85% of the organic matter were retained in the effluent. The stripping solution after ammonia capture was the high-purity ammonium sulfate solution with low concentration of small molecular weight hydrophilic organic substances. The inorganic and organic membrane fouling was mild and randomly distributed. The inorganic membrane fouling was attributed to the deposition of calcium-, magnesium-, phosphate-related inorganic compounds, while the organic membrane fouling was mainly protein and carbohydrate. After the ammonia capture process, the surface hydrophobicity and pore properties of the membranes had no significant changes. These results demonstrated that the multi-stage open-loop HFMC could be a potential alternative for ammonia recovery from the high concentration of ammonium nitrogen wastewater.

12.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(21)2021 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34768793

RESUMO

Botany-derived antimicrobial peptides (BAMPs), a class of small, cysteine-rich peptides produced in plants, are an important component of the plant immune system. Both in vivo and in vitro experiments have demonstrated their powerful antimicrobial activity. Besides in plants, BAMPs have cross-kingdom applications in human health, with toxic and/or inhibitory effects against a variety of tumor cells and viruses. With their diverse molecular structures, broad-spectrum antimicrobial activity, multiple mechanisms of action, and low cytotoxicity, BAMPs provide ideal backbones for drug design, and are potential candidates for plant protection and disease treatment. Lots of original research has elucidated the properties and antimicrobial mechanisms of BAMPs, and characterized their surface receptors and in vivo targets in pathogens. In this paper, we review and introduce five kinds of representative BAMPs belonging to the pathogenesis-related protein family, dissect their antifungal, antiviral, and anticancer mechanisms, and forecast their prospects in agriculture and global human health. Through the deeper understanding of BAMPs, we provide novel insights for their applications in broad-spectrum and durable plant disease prevention and control, and an outlook on the use of BAMPs in anticancer and antiviral drug design.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34821064

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chronic jet lag (CJL)-induced circadian rhythm disruption (CRD) is positively correlated with an increased risk of allergic diseases. However, little is known about the mechanism involved in allergic rhinitis (AR). METHODS: Aberrant light/dark cycles-induced CRD mice were randomly divided into negative control (NC) group, AR group, CRD+NC group, and CRD+AR group (n = 8/group). After ovalbumin (OVA) challenge, nasal symptom scores were recorded. The expression of Occludin and ZO-1 in both nasal mucosa and lung tissues was detected by reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and immunohistochemical staining. The level of OVA-specific immunoglobulin E (sIgE) and T-helper (Th)-related cytokines in the plasma was measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and the proportion of Th1, Th2, Th17, and regulatory T cell (Treg) in splenocytes was evaluated by flow cytometry. RESULTS: The nasal symptom score in the CRD+AR group was significantly higher than those in the AR group with respect to eosinophil infiltration, mast cell degranulation, and goblet cell hyperplasia. The expression of ZO-1 and Occludin in the nasal mucosa and lung tissues in the CRD+AR group were significantly lower than those in the AR group. Furthermore, Th2 and Th17 cell counts from splenocytes and OVA-sIgE, interleukin 4 (IL-4), IL-6, IL-13, and IL-17A levels in plasma were significantly increased in the CRD+AR group than in the AR group, whereas Th1 and Treg cell count and interferon γ (IFN-γ) level were significantly decreased in the CRD+AR group. CONCLUSION: CRD experimentally mimicked CJL in human activities, could exacerbate local and systemic allergic reactions in AR mice, partially through decreasing Occludin and ZO-1 level in the respiratory mucosa and increasing Th2-like immune response in splenocytes.

14.
Sci China Life Sci ; 2021 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34826094

RESUMO

Although the functional parameters of microRNAs (miRNAs) have been explored to some extent, the roles of these molecules in coronavirus infection and the regulatory mechanism of miRNAs in virus infection are still unclear. Transmissible gastroenteritis virus (TGEV) is an enteropathgenic coronavirus and causes high morbidity and mortality in suckling piglets. Here, we demonstrated that microRNA-27b-3p (miR-27b-3p) suppressed TGEV replication by directly targeting porcine suppressor of cytokine signaling 6 (SOCS6), while TGEV infection downregulated miR-27b-3p expression in swine testicular (ST) cells and in piglets. Mechanistically, the decrease of miR-27b-3p expression during TGEV infection was mediated by the activated inositol-requiring enzyme 1 (IRE1) pathway of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress. Further studies showed that when ER stress was induced by TGEV, IRE1 acted as an RNase activated by autophosphorylation and unconventionally spliced mRNA encoding a potent transcription factor, X-box-binding protein 1 (Xbp1s). Xbp1s inhibited the transcription of miR-27 and ultimately reduced the production of miR-27b-3p. Therefore, our findings indicate that TGEV inhibits the expression of an anti-coronavirus microRNA through the IRE1 pathway and suggest a novel way in which coronavirus regulates the host cell response to infection.

15.
Front Nutr ; 8: 726108, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34722607

RESUMO

Fatty liver and intestinal barrier damage were widespread in most farmed fish, which severely restrict the development of aquaculture. Therefore, there was an urgent need to develop green feed additives to maintain host liver and intestinal health. In this study, a probiotic pili-like protein, Amuc_1100 (AM protein), was anchored to the surface of Lactococcus lactis ZHY1, and the effects of the recombinant bacteria AM-ZHY1 on liver fat accumulation and intestinal health were evaluated. Zebrafish were fed a basal diet, high-fat diet, and high-fat diet with AM-ZHY1 (108 cfu/g) or control bacteria ZHY1 for 4 weeks. Treatment with AM-ZHY1 significantly reduced hepatic steatosis in zebrafish. Quantitative PCR (qPCR) detection showed that the expression of the lipogenesis [peroxisome-proliferator-activated receptors (PPARγ), sterol regulatory element-binding proteins-1c (SREBP-1c), fatty acid synthase (FAS), and acetyl-CoA carboxylase 1 (ACC1)] and lipid transport genes (CD36 and FABP6) in the liver were significantly downregulated (p < 0.05), indicating that AM-ZHY1 could reduce liver fat accumulation by inhibiting lipid synthesis and absorption. Moreover, supplementing AM-ZHY1 to a high-fat diet could significantly reduce serum aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) levels, indicating that liver injury caused by high-fat diets was improved. The expression of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-a and interleukin (IL)-6 in the liver decreased significantly (p < 0.05), while IL-1ß and IL-10 did not change significantly in the AM-ZHY1 group. Compared to the high-fat diet-fed group, the AM-ZHY1 group, but not the ZHY1 group, significantly increased the expression of intestinal tight junction (TJ) proteins (TJP1a, claudina, claudin7, claudin7b, claudin11a, claudin12, and claudin15a; p < 0.05). Compared to the high-fat diet group, the Proteobacteria and Fusobacteria were significantly reduced and increased in the AM-ZHY1 group, respectively. In conclusion, the recombinant bacteria AM-ZHY1 has the capacity to maintain intestinal health by protecting intestinal integrity and improving intestinal flora structure and improving fatty liver disease by inhibiting lipid synthesis and absorption. This study will lay a foundation for the application of AM protein in improving abnormal fat deposition and restoring the intestinal barrier in fish.

16.
ACS Omega ; 6(42): 27654-27667, 2021 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34722965

RESUMO

Endoxifen is the primary active metabolite of tamoxifen, a nonsteroidal-selective estrogen receptor modulator (SERM) and widely used medication to treat estrogen receptor-positive (ER+) breast cancer. In this study, endoxifen was conjugated to the surface of polymeric nanoparticles (polymersomes) for targeted delivery of doxorubicin (DOX) to estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer cells (MCF7). Rapid cell growth and insufficient blood supply result in low oxygen concentration (hypoxia) within the solid breast tumors. The polymersomes developed here are prepared from amphiphilic copolymers of polylactic acid (PLA) and poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) containing diazobenzene as the hypoxia-responsive linker. We prepared two nanoparticle formulations: DOX-encapsulated hypoxia-responsive polymersomes (DOX-HRPs) and endoxifen-conjugated, DOX-encapsulated hypoxia-responsive polymersomes (END-DOX-HRPs). Cellular internalization studies demonstrated eight times higher cytosolic and nuclear localization after incubating breast cancer cells with END-DOX-HRPs (targeted polymersomes) in contrast to DOX-HRPs (nontargeted polymersomes). Cytotoxicity studies on monolayer cell cultures exhibited that END-DOX-HRPs were three times more toxic to ER+ MCF7 cells than DOX-HRPs and free DOX in hypoxia. The cell viability studies on three-dimensional hypoxic cultures also demonstrated twice as much toxicity when the spheroids were treated with targeted polymersomes instead of nontargeted counterparts. This is the first report of surface-decorated polymeric nanoparticles with endoxifen ligands for targeted drug delivery to ER+ breast cancer microtumors. The newly designed endoxifen-conjugated, hypoxia-responsive polymersomes might have translational potential for ER+ breast cancer treatment.

17.
Chemosphere ; : 133007, 2021 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34826443

RESUMO

Photocatalysis is an effective method for the removal of formaldehyde (HCHO), and high-efficiency visible-light-driven photocatalysts were urgently required. Herein, oxygen vacancies (OVs) and nano copper oxides (CuOx) synergistically modified TiO2 (CuOx/TiO2-x) photocatalysts were synthesized by one-step hydrothermal followed by impregnation method. The photocatalytic decomposition of HCHO reached 100% at initial concentration of 180 ppm under relative humidity (RH) = 60% by 0.1g CuOx/TiO2-x in 150 min visible light irradiation. Characterization results explored the complementary effect of OVs and CuOx systematically. The OVs increased the separation efficiency of photogenerated charge carriers and act as adsorption/active sites in HCHO photocatalytic oxidation. The moisture and O2 were adsorbed and actived by OVs to generate reactive oxygen species (ROS). After doped CuOx on the surface of TiO2-x, the photoexcited electrons in Cu2O could transfer to the conduction band (CB) of TiO2-x and the photoexcited electrons of TiO2-x could be captured by Cu nanoparticles. Therefore, more ROS were generated due to the synergistic effect of OVs and CuOx. The In-situ Fourier transform infrared (in-situ FTIR) measurements show the hydroxyl radical (•OH) was the dominant radical in HCHO photocatalytic oxidation, while •O2- could also upgrade the photodegradation efficiency of HCHO. Furthermore, the stability tests showed the degradation efficiency of HCHO still reached 90% after five recycles, indicating that CuOx/TiO2-x nanocomposites displayed a stable and high photoactivity in volatile organic compounds (VOCs) decomposition.

19.
Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 52(6): 917-922, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34841754

RESUMO

Research and development of artificial biliary substitutes is an indispensable part of modern biliary surgery, bearing great clinical significance on the recovery of the normal functions of the biliary system. The implantation of artificial biliary substitutes may cause the blockage or stenosis of the biliary duct at the transplantation site, which is the most urgent problem in the research of artificial biliary substitutes. The fundamental cause of the problem is tissue hyperplasia caused by chronic inflammatory stimulation of artificial biliary substitutes. The regeneration of new bile duct tissue at the transplantation site can provide a solution to this problem. By looking at the literature from China and abroad, this paper reviewed the research and development of non-degradable artificial bile duct, degradable artificial bile duct and tissue-engineered artificial bile duct in order to provide reference for the further development of biliary replacements. Future studies should focus on the rapid formation of biliary epithelial layer on the tissue-engineered artificial biliary wall, the promotion of new biliary tissue formation, and the regulation of the degradation performance and mechanical properties of artificial biliary duct in order to fundamentally solve the problems encountered in the research of artificial biliary substitutes and accelerate the development of artificial biliary duct.


Assuntos
Ductos Biliares , Engenharia Tecidual , China , Constrição Patológica , Humanos
20.
Front Psychiatry ; 12: 714870, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34616317

RESUMO

Purpose: To evaluate the knowledge, anxiety, depression, and sleep quality toward COVID-19 among Chinese medical staff from tertiary and basic-level hospitals in central south areas of China. Method: A structured questionnaire was composed of Demographic and clinical characteristics of medical staff, Knowledge toward COVID-19 including epidemiology and clinical manifestations, The Self-rating anxiety scale (SAS), Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D), and The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI). It was administered to medical staff from tertiary hospitals (Group A) (n = 407) and basic-level hospitals (Group B) (n = 388) during February 2020 and May 2020. Results: Medical staff in group A had a stronger knowledge toward COVID-19 than group B (23.69 ± 5.83 & 18.15 ± 6.35, p < 0.001). Mild anxiety symptoms were found in both groups. The SAS scores (Mean ± SD) of group B were 58.87 ± 10.17, which was significantly higher than that of group A (52.59 ± 12.09, p < 0.001). There were no significant differences in CES-D scores between the two groups (p = 0.981). The mean score of total PSQI in group B (8.41 ± 3.03) was statistically higher than that of group A (7.31 ± 3.74, p < 0.001). Additionally, the scores of sub-components of group B, including subjective sleep quality, sleep latency, sleep disorder, sleeping medication use and daytime dysfunction, were significantly higher compared to Group A (p < 0.05). Conclusions: Our study showed greater anxiety, more severe depression and poorer sleep quality among medical staff in central south areas of China during the COVID-19 outbreak. Additionally, compared to the tertiary hospital group, medical staff from basic-level hospitals had poorer knowledge toward COVID-19 and worse mental health conditions. In addition, residence, specialty, title and education level may also be factors of knowledge of COVID-19 and psychiatry problems. In light of this information, more attention should be paid to early identification and intervention of symptoms of anxiety and depression in susceptible medical staff from the basic-level hospitals.

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