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1.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 264(Pt 2): 130720, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38460626

RESUMO

Penthorum chinense Pursh is a traditional Miao medicine, mainly used in the treatment of liver diseases. In this study, an acidic heteropolysaccharide PCPP was isolated from P. chinense with an average molecular weight of 14.96 kDa. PCPP contained arabinogalactan and homogalacturonan segments, which is formed by 4-Galp-(1 â†’ 5)-Araf-1 and 3,6-Galp-(1 â†’ 6)-Galp-1,3 glycosidic linkage. A variety of side chains, including t-Glcp-(1 â†’ 4)-Glcp-(1 â†’ 4)-GlcpA-1, t-Xylp-(1→, and 2-Manp-(1 â†’ 4)-GalpA-1,3 linked to the O-3 and O-6 of 3,6-Galp. The antioxidant activity measurement in three models demonstrated that PCPP exhibited ROS scavenging capacity, antioxidant ability in the cellular model, enhancement of oxidative stress resistance, and healthspan-promoting effect in the worm model. These results provided the theoretical fundament of PCPP as a potential natural antioxidant.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes , Estresse Oxidativo , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/química , Polissacarídeos/farmacologia , Polissacarídeos/química
2.
Food Chem ; 444: 138473, 2024 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38330599

RESUMO

Camellia oleifera leaf is a rich source of polyphenols. In this study, 50 polyphenolic compounds from C. oleifera leaves was identified by UHPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS. Accordingly, COSMO-RS was used in the design of deep eutectic solvents (DESs) to extract those polyphenols. 17 types of choline chloride (ChCl)-based DESs molecules (ChCl-acid, ChCl-sugar, ChCl-alcohol, ChCl-amine and amide) were synthetized into virtual cluster molecules with Materials Studio software. They were used to determine the activity coefficients with the standard compounds. The results showed that the amine and amide-based DESs exhibited outstanding dissolution effects. Additionally, ChCl-acetamide was selected as the solvent in response surface methodology to optimize the ultrasound-assisted DES extraction process parameters, including ultrasonic power, ultrasonic time, and liquid-solid ratio, resulting in an improved total phenolic content of 131.63 ± 0.85 mg GAE/g. This study developed a system utilizing UHPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS to acquire specific substances required for COSMO-RS calculations.


Assuntos
Asteraceae , Camellia , Polifenóis , Solventes Eutéticos Profundos , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Solventes , Amidas , Aminas , Colina
3.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 253(Pt 6): 127286, 2023 Dec 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37813220

RESUMO

Camellia oleifera fruit shells are often discarded as byproducts in the C. oleifera industry. There is a general interest in isolating high-value natural products to valorize those fruit shells with green, rapid, and effective extraction methods. This study employed 43 combinations of deep eutectic solvents (DESs) to extract polysaccharides from C. oleifera fruit shells. Two choline chloride-based DESs and a ternary DES with propionic acid and 1,3-butanediol as hydrogen bond donors exhibited relatively high extraction efficiency. The polysaccharide yield reached 15.03 ± 0.35 % under optimized extraction time (55 min), extraction temperature (70 °C), and DES water content (33.33 %). The physicochemical composition and preliminary structure of obtained polysaccharides were characterized. Additionally, DESs-extracted polysaccharides exhibited higher in vitro antioxidant activities and hypoglycemic effects compared to water-extracted polysaccharides. These findings suggested that the optimized DES-assisted extraction method could be a potential approach for polysaccharides extraction from C. oleifera.


Assuntos
Camellia , Frutas , Solventes/química , Frutas/química , Solventes Eutéticos Profundos , Camellia/química , Água/análise , Polissacarídeos/química
4.
Molecules ; 28(19)2023 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37836677

RESUMO

Litsea pungens is a plant with medicinal and edible properties, where the fruits are edible and the leaves have medicinal properties. However, there is limited research on the chemical and pharmacological activities of the plant. In this study, essential oils were extracted by steam distillation and their antioxidant and antibacterial activities were further evaluated. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) was used to identify the chemical components of L. pungens fresh fruit essential oil (FREO) and L. pungens fresh flower essential oil (FLEO), rapeseed oil (RO) and commercial Litsea oil (CEO). The results showed that 12 chemical components were identified in FREO. Twelve chemical components were identified from FLEO, four chemical components were identified from CEO, and thirteen chemical components were identified from RO. Except for RO, the other three oils were mainly composed of terpenes, among which limonene is the main chemical component. In terms of antioxidant activity, FREO, FLEO, CEO and RO have antioxidant capacity, mainly reflected in the scavenging DPPH free radicals and the iron ion chelating ability, and the antioxidant activity shows a certain dose effect, but the antioxidant activity of FLEO is the weakest among the four oils. Meanwhile, under the stress of hydrogen peroxide, CEO demonstrated a significant antioxidant protective effect on cells. It is worth mentioning that compared with the positive control, the FREO exhibited a better antibacterial rate. When the concentration of essential oil is 20 mg/mL, the bacteriostatic rate can reach 100%. Therefore, it could be a promising candidate among medicinal and edible plants.


Assuntos
Litsea , Óleos Voláteis , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/química , Óleos Voláteis/farmacologia , Óleos Voláteis/química , Litsea/química , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/química , Terpenos , Óleos de Plantas/farmacologia , Óleos de Plantas/química
5.
Int J Mol Sci ; 24(14)2023 Jul 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37511379

RESUMO

Camellia oil (CO) is a high medicinal and nutritional value edible oil. However, its ability to alleviate fat accumulation in high-fat Caenorhabditis elegans has not been well elucidated. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the effect of CO on fat accumulation in high-fat C. elegans via transcriptome and metabolome analysis. The results showed that CO significantly reduced fat accumulation in high-fat C. elegans by 10.34% (Oil Red O method) and 11.54% (TG content method), respectively. Furthermore, CO primarily altered the transcription levels of genes involved in longevity regulating pathway. Specifically, CO decreased lipid storage in high-fat C. elegans by inhibiting fat synthesis. In addition, CO supplementation modulated the abundance of metabolic biomarkers related to pyrimidine metabolism and riboflavin metabolism. The integrated transcriptome and metabolome analyses indicated that CO supplementation could alleviate fat accumulation in high-fat C. elegans by regulating retinol metabolism, drug metabolism-cytochrome P450, metabolism of xenobiotics by cytochrome P450, ascorbate and aldarate metabolism, and pentose and glucuronate interconversions. Overall, these findings highlight the potential health benefits of CO that could potentially be used as a functional edible oil.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Caenorhabditis elegans , Camellia , Animais , Caenorhabditis elegans/metabolismo , Transcriptoma , Camellia/genética , Camellia/metabolismo , Proteínas de Caenorhabditis elegans/metabolismo , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos , Metaboloma
6.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 248: 125726, 2023 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37422249

RESUMO

The extraction process, structural characterization and free radical scavenging ability of polysaccharides from Camellia oleifera have already been widely studied. However, the antioxidant activities are still lack of systematic experiments. In this study, we used Hep G2 cells and Caenorhabditis elegans to evaluate the antioxidant potential of polysaccharides that from C. oleifera flowers (P-CF), leaves (P-CL), seed cakes (P-CC) and fruit shells (P-CS). The results showed all these polysaccharides could protect cells from oxidative damage induced by t-BHP. The highest cell viabilities were 66.46 ± 1.36 % (P-CF), 55.2 ± 2.93 % (P-CL), 54.49 ± 1.29 % (P-CC) and 61.45 ± 1.67 % (P-CS), respectively. Studies have shown that four polysaccharides may protect cells from apoptosis by reducing ROS levels and maintaining MMP balance. Moreover, P-CF, P-CL, P-CC and P-CS increased the survival rate of C. elegans under thermal stress, which reduced the production of ROS by 56.1 ± 0.67 %, 59.37 ± 1.79 %, 16.63 ± 2.51 % and 27.55 ± 2.62 %, respectively. P-CF and P-CL showed stronger protective effects on C. elegans by increasing the nuclear entry rate of DAF-16 and stimulating the expression of SOD-3. Our study suggested that C. oleifera polysaccharides have the potential to develop into a natural supplement agent.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes , Camellia , Animais , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/química , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/farmacologia , Caenorhabditis elegans , Camellia/química , Polissacarídeos/farmacologia , Polissacarídeos/química
7.
Front Plant Sci ; 14: 1052890, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37025144

RESUMO

Camellia oleifera Abel. is an economically important woody oil plant native to China. To explore the genetic diversity of wild C. oleifera phenotypic traits and effectively protect these germplasm resources, this study provides a thorough evaluation of the phenotypic variability of a cluster of 143 wild C. oleifera germplasm resources. A total of 41 characters, including leaves, flowers, fruits, seeds, and oil quality characters, were investigated based on the quantization of physical and chemical descriptors and digital image analysis. The findings revealed significant variations among the 41 characters with a high range of Shannon-Wiener indexes (H') from 0.07 to 2.19. The coefficient of variation (CV) among 32 quantitative characters ranged from 5.34% to 81.31%, with an average of 27.14%. High genetic diversity was also detected among the 143 germplasm. Based on the analysis of hierarchical clustering, 143 accessions were separated into six categories. All the individuals can be clearly distinguished from each other according to the result of the principal component analysis (PCA). The M-TOPSIS exhaustive evaluation method based on correlation and PCA analyses of 32 quantitative characters was applied for the 143 wild C. oleifera accessions, and the top 10 varieties were identified as YA53, YA13, YA40, YA34, YA57, YA19, YA33, YA41, DZ8, and YA7. This research optimized the germplasm evaluation system and perfected the statistical phenotypic traits for distinctness, uniformity, and stability (DUS) testing. Some top-notch germplasm sources were also screened for oil-tea Camellia breeding.

8.
Int J Mol Sci ; 24(5)2023 Feb 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36901937

RESUMO

Plant polysaccharides exhibit many biological activities that are remarkably affected by molecular size and structures. This study aimed to investigate the degradation effect of ultrasonic-assisted Fenton reaction on the Panax notoginseng polysaccharide (PP). PP and its three degradation products (PP3, PP5, and PP7) were obtained from optimized hot water extraction and different Fenton reaction treatments, respectively. The results showed that the molecular weight (Mw) of the degraded fractions significantly decreased after treatment with the Fenton reaction. But the backbone characteristics and conformational structure were similar between PP and PP-degraded products, which was estimated by comparing monosaccharides composition, functional group signals in FT-IR spectra, X-ray differential patterns, and proton signals in 1H NMR. In addition, PP7, with an Mw of 5.89 kDa, exhibited stronger antioxidant activities in both the chemiluminescence-based and HHL5 cell-based methods. The results indicated that ultrasonic-assisted Fenton degradation might be used to improve the biological activities of natural polysaccharides by adjusting the molecular size.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes , Panax notoginseng , Antioxidantes/química , Panax notoginseng/química , Ultrassom , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Polissacarídeos/química , Oligossacarídeos , Peso Molecular
9.
Biomed Res Int ; 2023: 6051511, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36825035

RESUMO

The plant B3 gene superfamily contains a large number of transcription factors playing a vital role in both vegetative growth and reproductive development in plants. Although several B3 genes have been well studied, molecular functions of the B3 genes in olive are largely unknown. In our study, a total of 200 B3 genes were identified in olive genome based on RNA-seq and comparative genomic analyses and further classified into five groups (i.e., REM, RAV, LAV, HSI, and ARF) based on phylogenetic analysis. Results of gene structure and motif composition analyses revealed diversified functions among these five groups of B3 genes. Results of genomic duplication and syntenic analyses indicated the gene expansion in the B3 genes. Results of gene expression based on both transcriptomics and relative expression revealed the tissue-biased expression patterns in B3 genes. The results of the comparative expression analysis of B3 genes between two olive cultivars with high and low oil contents identified several potential REM genes which may be involved in oil biosynthesis in olive. Based on the comprehensive characterization of the molecular structures and functions of B3 genes in olive genome, our study provided novel insights into the potential roles of B3 transcription factors in oil biosynthesis in olive and lays the groundwork for the functional explorations into this research field.


Assuntos
Olea , Filogenia , Olea/genética , Genes de Plantas , Genômica , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Azeite de Oliva
10.
Carbohydr Polym ; 303: 120481, 2023 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36657852

RESUMO

Polysaccharides were the key ingredients of many herbal medicines, and were responsible for multiple pharmacological activities. In this study, a novel polysaccharide fraction, named SLP-2, was isolated from Stauntonia leucantha fruits, and purified by DEAE-52 and Sephadex G-100 column chromatography. Furthermore, SLP-2 was identified by congo red, methylation, partial acid hydrolysis and NMR. The results indicated that the backbone of SLP-2 was composed of →4)-ß-D-Galp-(1 â†’ 4)-ß-D-Galp-(1→ substituted at C-6 with 1,5-linked arabinan. SLP-2 had good anti-oxidation ability in vitro. Surprisingly, we found that reduction of carboxyl groups and methylation of hydroxyl groups enhanced the ability to scavenge 2,2'-azinobis (3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) diammonium salt (ABTS) radicals and inhibit lipid peroxidation, and weakened the activity to scavenge 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radicals and reduce ferric iron.


Assuntos
Frutas , Galactanos , Galactanos/química , Polissacarídeos/química , Antioxidantes/química , Oxirredução
11.
Plant Foods Hum Nutr ; 78(1): 154-159, 2023 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36385463

RESUMO

Bioactive polysaccharides have numerous pharmacological effects that are beneficial to human health. Akebia trifoliata (Thunb.) Koidz. has great development prospects as a food resource with medicinal value. The polysaccharides (ATFP) were extracted from A. trifoliata fruit by an aqueous two-phase system. ATFP-3, purified with DEAE-52 and Sephadex G-200 from ATFP, was mainly composed of glucose (47.55%) and galactose (20.39%). Its hydroxyl radical scavenging rate was 89.30% at 1.60 mg/mL and its IC50 was 0.29 mg/mL. ATFP-3 significantly enhanced the survival rate of Caenorhabditis elegans under thermal or oxidative stress. Furthermore, ATFP-3 could prolong the lifespan of C. elegans and improve the activities of the antioxidant enzyme, while also decrease the accumulation of lipofuscin and the level of malondialdehyde (MDA) in aging worms. Thus, ATFP-3 has application potential in health benefits for humans.


Assuntos
Caenorhabditis elegans , Frutas , Animais , Humanos , Envelhecimento , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Polissacarídeos
12.
Front Pharmacol ; 13: 937581, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36091763

RESUMO

In this study, three acidic polysaccharides from different plant parts of Codonopsis pilosula var. Modesta (Nannf.) L. T. Shen were obtained by ion exchange chromatography and gel filtration chromatography, and the yields of these three polysaccharides were different. According to the preliminary experimental results, the antioxidant activities of the polysaccharides from rhizomes and fibrous roots (CLFP-1) were poor, and was thus not studied further. Due to this the structural features of polysaccharides from roots (CLRP-1) and aerial parts (CLSP-1) were the object for this study and were structurally characterized, and their antioxidant activities were evaluated. As revealed by the results, the molecular weight of CLRP-1and CLSP-1 were 15.9 kDa and 26.4 kDa, respectively. The monosaccharide composition of CLRP-1 was Ara, Rha, Fuc, Xyl, Man, Gal, GlcA, GalA in a ratio of 3.8: 8.4: 1.0: 0.8: 2.4: 7.4: 7.5: 2.0: 66.7, and Ara, Rha, Gal, GalA in a ratio of 5.8: 8.9: 8.0: 77.0 in for CLSP-1. The results of structural elucidation indicated that both CLRP-1 and CLSP-1 were pectic polysaccharides, mainly composed of 1, 4-linked galacturonic acid with long homogalacturonan regions. Arabinogalactan type I and arabinogalactan type II were presented as side chains. The antioxidant assay in IPEC-J2 cells showed that both CLRP-1 and CLSP-1 promoted cell viability and antioxidant activity, which significantly increase the level of total antioxidant capacity and the activity of superoxide dismutase, catalase, and decrease the content of malondialdehyde. Moreover, CLRP-1 and CLSP-1 also showed powerful antioxidant abilities in Caenorhabditis elegans and might regulate the nuclear localization of DAF-16 transcription factor, induced antioxidant enzymes activities, and further reduced reactive oxygen species and malondialdehyde contents to increase the antioxidant ability of Caenorhabditis elegans. Thus, these finding suggest that CLRP-1 and CLSP-1 could be used as potential antioxidants.

13.
Front Pharmacol ; 13: 983716, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36110524

RESUMO

The chemical composition and antioxidant activity of extracts (POE) of Penicillium oxalate isolated from Ligusticum chuanxiong Hort have been investigated. However, the biological activity of POE is limited, and its antioxidant, stress resistance and DNA protection effects in vivo are unclear. The current study aims to explore the beneficial effects of POE on DNA damage protection in pBR322 plasmid and lymphocytes and stress resistance in Caenorhabditis elegans. The results showed that POE increased the survival rate of C. elegans under 35°C, UV and H2O2 stress, attenuated ROS and MDA accumulation, and enhanced the activity of some important enzymes (SOD, CTA, and GSH-PX). In addition, the POE-mediated stress resistance involved the upregulation of the expression of the sod-3, sod-5, gst-4, ctl-1, ctl-2, daf-16, hsp-16.1, hsp-16.2, and hsf-1 genes and acted dependently on daf-16 and hsf-1 rather than skn-1. Moreover, POE also reduced lipofuscin levels, but did not prolong the lifespan or damage the growth, reproduction and locomotion of C. elegans. Furthermore, POE showed a protective effect against DNA scission in the pBR322 plasmid and lymphocytes. These results suggested that P. oxalate extracts have significant anti-stress and DNA protection potential and could be potential drug candidates in the pharmaceutical field, thus greatly broadening the understanding of the biological effects of the endophytic fungus P. oxalate.

14.
Chem Biodivers ; 19(10): e202200156, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36039474

RESUMO

Alsophila spinulosa, as a rare tree fern with potential medicinal value, has attracted extensive attention. Herein, the physicochemical properties, antioxidant and anti-aging activities of polysaccharide from A. spinulosa leaf (ALP) were investigated. ALP was composed of galactose, arabinose, glucose, rhamnose, galacturonic acid, mannose, and fucose. (1→), (1→6), and (1→2) bond types were the primary glycosidic bond in ALP. Surprisingly, ALP displayed the wonderful activity of antioxidant and anti-aging, including excellent scavenging ability against DPPH and ABTS radicals in vitro; prolonging the life span, improving activity of antioxidative enzymes (SOD and CAT), and decreasing the level of ROS, MDA in Caenorhabditis elegans. Meanwhile, ALP promoted DAF-16 to move into the nuclear. Overall, our results illustrated that ALP could be further developed as a functional food ingredient.


Assuntos
Gleiquênias , Ingredientes de Alimentos , Traqueófitas , Animais , Caenorhabditis elegans , Antioxidantes/química , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/análise , Fucose/análise , Galactose , Manose/análise , Arabinose/análise , Ramnose , Polissacarídeos/farmacologia , Polissacarídeos/química , Folhas de Planta/química , Envelhecimento , Superóxido Dismutase , Ingredientes de Alimentos/análise , Glucose/análise
15.
Front Nutr ; 9: 911310, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35757258

RESUMO

The polysaccharides from C. cicadae were extracted by ultrasonically-assisted enzymatic extraction (UAEE). Response surface analysis was used to determine the optimum parameters as follows: addition of enzymes, 0.71%; extraction temperature, 60°C; extraction time, 18 min; liquid-solid ratio, 46:1 (mL/g). The extraction yield of polysaccharide was 3.66 ± 0.87%. A novel polysaccharide fraction (JCH-a1) from C. cicadae was extracted and then purified by cellulose DEAE-32 and Sephadex G-100 anion exchange chromatography. The analysis results showed that the molar ratio of galactose, glucose, and mannose in JCH-a1 cells (60.7 kDa) was 0.89:1:0.39. JCH-a1 with a triple helix contains more α-glycosides and has strong thermal stability. Moreover, JCH-a1 showed strong antioxidant activity and acted as a strong inhibitor of α-glucosidase in vitro. In addition, JCH-a1 can prolong the lifespan of C. elegans. The present study might provide a basis for further study of JCH-a1 as an antioxidant and hypoglycemic food or drug.

16.
Food Chem X ; 14: 100341, 2022 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35634224

RESUMO

In the last decade, with a growing emphasis on healthy diets, functional edible oils with high nutritional quality are becoming increasingly popular around the world. This study systematically compared the chemical composition and protective effect of 22 vegetable oils using multivariate chemometric tools. The results showed that the fatty acid composition and minor compounds were extremely variable among tested oils. Hierarchical cluster and principal component analysis discriminated these oils according to the tocopherol and phytosterol contents. The Pearson's correlation analysis indicated that in vitro radical scavenging capacity was significantly correlated to polyphenol, tocopherol, and squalene. Additionally, the ameliorate effects on the heat and oxidative stress, ROS contents, and antioxidant enzyme activities were measured in Caenorhabditis elegans. The results showed that the antioxidant activity and stress resistance were positively correlated to polyphenol, tocopherol, phytosterol, MUFA, and PUFA, respectively. This study may offer an insight into oil discrimination and functional oil exploitation.

17.
J Food Biochem ; 46(9): e14235, 2022 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35579221

RESUMO

It has been reported that the aqueous extract from Oxalis corniculate has excellent pharmacological effects, but its polysaccharide as the major ingredient in the aqueous extract has not been reported. When the temperature of 50°C, ultrasonic power of 270 W, time of 25 min, solid to liquid ratio of 30 ml·g-1 , the optimal O. corniculate polysaccharide (OCP) yield was 9.45%. The physicochemical properties indicated that OCP-3, as the major fraction of OCP, was an acidic polysaccharide with 31.5 kDa, and it mainly consisted of arabinose (47.83%), galacturonic acid (17.81%), and galactose (14.25%). In addition, OCP-3 displayed an excellent antioxidant activity in vitro, including scavenging free radical, anti-lipid peroxidation, and protecting plasmid DNA from oxidative damage. Meanwhile, OCP-3 significantly reduced the levels of malondialdehyde and protein carbonyl by significantly increasing the activity of superoxide dismutase, catalase, and glutathione peroxidase, which protected the HEK 293 cell and Caenorhabditis elegans from oxidative damage. All the results suggested that OCP-3 might be the major active ingredient of the aqueous extract from O. corniculate, and OCP-3 might be a potent antioxidant supplement in the food, cosmetics, and medical industries. PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS: Oxalis corniculate is a kind of wild vegetable and ethnomedicine, and it is widely distributed in temperate zones. Unfortunately, its utilization rate is low compared to its yield. Our research suggested that the polysaccharide of OCP-3 from O corniculate might be used as a potent antioxidant supplement in the food, cosmetics, and medical industries.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes , Oxalidaceae , Ácidos , Antioxidantes/química , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Peroxidação de Lipídeos , Oxalidaceae/química , Oxalidaceae/metabolismo , Polissacarídeos/química , Polissacarídeos/farmacologia
18.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(8)2022 Apr 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35456914

RESUMO

Manganese (Mn) is now known to have a variety of toxicities, particularly when exposed to it in the workplace. However, there are still ineffective methods for reducing Mn's hazardous effects. In this study, a new selenium polysaccharide (Se-PCS) was developed from the shell of Camellia oleifera to reduce Mn toxicity in vitro and in vivo. The results revealed that Se-PCS may boost cell survival in Hep G2 cells exposed to Mn and activate antioxidant enzyme activity, lowering ROS and cell apoptosis. Furthermore, after being treated with Se-PCS, Caenorhabditis elegans survived longer under Mn stress. daf-16, a tolerant critical gene, was turned on. Moreover, the antioxidant system was enhanced as the increase in strong antioxidant enzyme activity and high expression of the sod-3, ctl-2, and gst-1 genes. A variety of mutations were also used to confirm that Se-PCS downregulated the insulin signaling pathway. These findings showed that Se-PCS protected Hep G2 cells and C. elegans via the insulin/IGF-1 signaling pathway and that it could be developed into a promising medication to treat Mn toxicity.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Caenorhabditis elegans , Intoxicação por Manganês , Selênio , Animais , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Caenorhabditis elegans/metabolismo , Proteínas de Caenorhabditis elegans/genética , Proteínas de Caenorhabditis elegans/metabolismo , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Insulina/metabolismo , Manganês/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo , Polissacarídeos/metabolismo , Polissacarídeos/farmacologia , Selênio/metabolismo , Selênio/farmacologia
19.
Foods ; 11(20)2022 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37430934

RESUMO

The flowers, leaves, seed cakes and fruit shells of Camellia oleifera are rich in bioactive polysaccharides, which can be used as additives in food and other industries. In this study, a Box-Behnken design was used to optimize the extraction conditions of polysaccharides from C. oleifera flowers (P-CF), leaves (P-CL), seed cakes (P-CC), and fruit shells (P-CS). Under the optimized extraction conditions, the polysaccharide yields of the four polysaccharides were 9.32% ± 0.11 (P-CF), 7.57% ± 0.11 (P-CL), 8.69% ± 0.16 (P-CC), and 7.25% ± 0.07 (P-CS), respectively. Polysaccharides were mainly composed of mannose, rhamnose, galacturonic acid, glucose, galactose, and xylose, of which the molecular weights ranged from 3.31 kDa to 128.06 kDa. P-CC had a triple helix structure. The antioxidant activities of the four polysaccharides were determined by Fe2+ chelating and free radical scavenging abilities. The results showed that all polysaccharides had antioxidant effects. Among them, P-CF had the strongest antioxidant activity, of which the highest scavenging ability of DPPH•, ABTS•+, and hydroxyl radical could reach 84.19% ± 2.65, 94.8% ± 0.22, and 79.97% ± 3.04, respectively, and the best chelating ability of Fe2+ could reach 44.67% ± 1.04. Overall, polysaccharides extracted from different parts of C. oleifera showed a certain antioxidant effect, and could be developed as a new type of pure natural antioxidant for food.

20.
Antioxidants (Basel) ; 10(11)2021 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34829568

RESUMO

Oleuropein (OLE) is a secoiridoid glycoside that mainly exists in olives with multifaceted health benefits. The present study aimed to investigate the stress resistance and lifespan extension effects of OLE in Caenorhabditis elegans. The results showed that OLE could significantly prolong the lifespan of C. elegans by 22.29%. Treatment with OLE also significantly increased the survival rates of worms against lethal heat shock and oxidative stress. Meanwhile, OLE supplementation increased the expression and activity of antioxidant enzymes and suppressed the generation of malondialdehyde in nematodes. In addition, the results from mutants implied that OLE might mediate longevity and stress resistance via DAF-16/FoxO, which played a vital role in the insulin/IGF-1 signaling (IIS) pathway. To further identify the molecular targets of OLE, mRNA level and loss-of-function mutants of IIS-associated genes were investigated. The data revealed that OLE activated IIS by down-regulating the upstream components, daf-2 and age-1. Furthermore, another stress response and longevity pathway in parallel to DAF-16, SKN-1/Nrf2, was also shown to involve in OLE-induced beneficial effects. Collectively, these results provide the theoretical basis that OLE could enhance the stress resistance and increase the lifespan of C. elegans through the IIS and SKN-1/Nrf2 signaling pathways.

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