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1.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-489813

RESUMO

Objective To summarize clinical diagnosis and microsurgical treatment method of cerebellopontine angle epidermoid cyst presenting with trigeminal neuralgia.Methods Thirty-seven cases of cerebellopontine angle epidermoid cyst presenting with trigeminal neuralgia treated by microneurosurgery procedure were analyzed retrospectively.Results Complete resection was achieved in 31 cases,and subtotal was achieved in 6 cases,with no operative mortality.Postoperatively,the symptom of trigeminal neuralgia disappeared in 28 cases,was eased obviously in 6 cases,and was eased in 3 cases.The symptom of dizziness in all 6 cases vanished,and hearing in 3 cases was improved.Three cases appeared cerebrospinal fluid leakage,and 4 cases appeared oral herpes.Symptom in 1 case aggravated after 6 months,and oral medicine was ineffective.The pain symptom disappeared after reoperation.Conclusions The suboccipital retrosigmoid approach microneurosurgery is the principal treatment method for cerebellopontine angle epidermoid cyst presenting with trigeminal neuralgia.Microsurgical technique combined with surgical skill is the guarantee for increasing total removal rate of tumors and decreasing complications.

2.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 292-294,295, 2015.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-600431

RESUMO

Objective To observe the short-term curative effect and safety of recombinant human erythropoietin(rHu-EPO)on patients with primary brain stem injury. Methods Sixty patients with primary brain stem injury were recruited at Liaocheng People' Hospital from July 2010 to July 2013. All cases were randomly divided into EPO group and control group. The patients in EPO group were injected subcutaneous with rHu-EPO five times at dose of 6 000 U,while patients in the control group were treated with placebo in 2 weeks. All other conventional treatments were the same. NIHSS score and GOS score were evaluated in two weeks and three months respectively. Moreover,blood pressure and hemoglobin were also measured. Results NIHSS score in EPO group was 11. 37 ± 7. 78,significant higher than that of control group after two weeks(19. 41 ± 8. 26,P = 0. 019). GOS score in EPO group was also significant differences in two groups after three months (Z = - 2. 367,P = 0. 009 ). However,no significant difference was observed in the followed-up blood tests. Conclusion Recombinant human erythropoietin could be the exact nerve protective effect,and might be an effective therapy for patients with primary brain stem injury.

3.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 446-450, 2013.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-434764

RESUMO

Objective To observe influence of continuous lumbar cistern drainage on levels of amyloid β-peptide (Aβ) subtype (Aβ1-42) in cerebrospinal fluid and plasma in patients with diffuse axonal injury (DAI) and investigate its clinical significance.Methods Eighty-one DAI patients were enrolled and randomized into treatment group (42 cases) and control group (39 cases).Patients in control group received simple conventional therapy,while the patients in treatment group received not only conventional therapy but 14 days of continuous lumbar cistern drainage.Levels of Aβ1-42 in cerebrospinal fluid and plasma were detected by ELISA assay before therapy and at 1,5,9,and 14 days after therapy.Prognosis was assessed using GOS at 6 months after therapy.Results Levels of Aβ1-42 in cerebrospinal fluid and plasma showed a decrease in the first place and a gradual decrease afterwards in both groups,but a bigger and earlier drop of Aβ1-42 levels was observed in treatment group.Two groups showed significant difference of Aβ1-42 levels at day 14 (P < 0.05).At 6 months after therapy,GOS score between treatment and control groups was (4.1 ± O.5) and (3.4 ± 0.3) points respectively (P <0.05).Conclusion Continuous lumbar cistern drainage improves the prognosis of DAI and this may relates to the decrease of Aβ1-42 levels in cerebrospinal fluid and plasma.

4.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-419083

RESUMO

ObjectiveTo compare the short-term efficacy and safety of autologous bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells transplantation on patients with early spinal cord injury by subarachnoid injection and by intravenous injection.MethodsNinety-six patients with early spinal cord injury were hospitalized and treated from November 2006 to March 2010.Thirty-eight cases (subarachnoid transplantation group) got transplantation by subarachnoid injection,32 cases (intravenous transplantation group) got transplantation by intravenous injection,26 cases (control group) were hospitalized in the same period but not transplanted.The motor and sensory functions of all three groups were evaluated according to the score standard developed by American Spinal Injury Association(ASIA) before treatment and at the first,the third,the sixth month after treatment.Meanwhile,routine blood test,coagulation,biochemical items and tumor markers were also examined in follow-up.ResultsThe motor and sensory function of three groups had different degree of recovery at the first month after treatment,and sensory function recovered muchsignificantly,but the comparison among three groups had no statistical significance.The scores of motor function increased in three groups at the third month after treatment,but still had no statistical significance (P> 0.05).The scores of sensory function of subarachnoid transplantation group[(130.9 ±41.6) scores] and intravenous transplantation group [ (131.2±22.7 ) scores ] increased obviously,and had significant difference compared with control group [ (109.3±36.4) scores] (P < 0.05),but there were nosignificant difference between subarachnoid transplantation group and intravenous transplantation group (P > 0.05).The scores of sensory and motor function of control group didn't increase obviously at the sixth month after treatment,while the scores of subarachnoid transplantation group and intravenous transplantation group gradually improved and had statistical significance compared with control group(P < 0.05).The scores of sensory function was higher in subarachnoid transplantation group[ (151.6±46.9) scores ] than that in intravenous ransplantation group [(134.6 ±40.7) scores] (P <0.05).There were no obvious abnormality in the results of followed-up examination.Conclusions The safety and short-term efficacy of autologous bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells transplantation in treating early spinal cord injury by subarachnoid injection and intravenous injection is certified.The subarachnoid injection is better than intravenous injection,but the long-term efficacy need furter study.

5.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 1184-1187, 2012.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-428163

RESUMO

ObjectiveTo explore the short-term curative effect and safety of autologous bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells transplantation in patients with primary brain stem injury.MethodsFifty-four cases with primary brain stem injury were hospitalized during Jul.2007 to Jul.2010 at Liaocheng Brain Hospital,Shandong Province.All cases were randomized into transplantation group( n =30)or control group( n =24 ).The transplantation group was treated with autologous bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell transplantation by subarachnoid space injection (n =30).The control group were selected from primary brain stem injury patients without stem cell transplantation who were hospitalized at the same period with patients from the transplantation group.Respectively,National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score was employed to evaluate the condition of patients in the two groups one month after treatment,and Glasgow Outcome Scale (GOS) score was used to evaluate curative effects of the two groups at sixth months after treatment.Meanwhile,some other parameters were observed,including blood routine,clotting mechanisms,biochemicalitemsand tumor markers.ResultsThere was significant difference between the transplantation group and the control group in N IHSS score at one month after treatment [ ( 10.86 ± 7.48) vs.( 18.26 ± 8.74),t =2.681,P < 0.05 ].GOS score was significantly different( Z =2.306,P < 0.05 ) between the transplantation group and the control group at sixth month after transplantation.There was no significant difference between the two groups in the blood examination results during the followed-up period.Conclusion Autologous bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells transplantation is confirmed to be an effective and safe therapy in patients with primary brain stem injury in the short-term.Further evaluation still needs for its long-term efficacy on primary brain stem injury

6.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-403517

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous animal studies demonstrated that bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells could differentiate into nerve cells under a certain condition; however, the clinical application for treating nervous system disease has been less reported. OBJECTIVE: To observe a short-term effect of autologous bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell transplantation on treating cerebral hemorrhage.METHODS: A total of 32 patients with cerebral hemorrhage who were selected from the Department of Neurosurgery, Liaocheng Brain Hospital between November 2007 and January 2009 were considered as a treatment group. According to general data and the amount of hematoma, they were treated by drilling drainage or hematoma evacuation. Drainage tubes were detained into hematoma cavity, and 3.5 mL autologous bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell suspension was injected through drainage tube. A total of 40 additional patients who did not treated with stem cell transplantation were considered as a control group. Neurologic impairment (NIHSS) and activities of daily living (Barthel index) were performed before and 6 months after transplantation; meanwhile, the brain MRI, serum biochemical and tumor marker were evaluated to detect security of stem cell transplantation. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: The NIHSS score and Barthel index in the treatment group were similar to those in the control group before transplantation. Compared with control group, NIHSS scores were significantly decreased in the treatment group (P < 0.01), but Barthel index was significantly increased 6 months after transplantation (P < 0.01). Compared with before transplantation, NIHSS score were significantly decreased (P < 0.01), but Barthel index was significantly increased in the treatment group 6 months after transplantation (P < 0.01). Two patients in the treatment group had febrile, which was recovered after treatment. The following-up 6 months after transplantation demonstrated that brain MRI and biochemical indicators were normal except an increasing of CA-153 caused by lung cancer in one patient. The autologous bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell transplantation for treatment of cerebral hemorrhage is safe and effective in a short-term period; however the long-term effect still needs to be further studied.

7.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1056-1059, 2010.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-387514

RESUMO

Objective To investigate the recent efficacy and safety of autologous bone marrow stem cells transplantation in treatment of early spinal cord injury. Methods 51 cases of early spinal cord injury admitted to Liaocheng People Hospital from 2007.11 to 2009.8 were enrolled in this study. In transplantation group, 24 patients were treated by subarachnoid space injection with autologous bone marrow stem cell transplantation. The patients who were not transplanted in the same period of hospitalization were selected as control group. Motor and sensory function ( AISA score) was assessed at 1, 3, 6 months before and after transplantation in two groups patients. And blood routine, clotting mechanisms, biochemical items andtunor markers were determined in followed up. Results After one month of transplantation, two groups ofpatients had recovered in motor and sensory function to some degree. After three months of transplantation,there was significant different between transplantation group and control group in sensory function recovery (P < 0. 05 ). After 6 months of transplantation, there were significant different between transplant group and control group in motor and sensory function recovery (P<0.05). Blood examination results did not show markedly abnormal in followed -up patientsConclusion The safety and recent effect of autologous bone marrow stem cells transplantation in treatment of early spinal cord injury were satisfied, but the long - term effect was still unclear.

8.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 157-159, 2009.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-394958

RESUMO

Objective To evaluate the effect of Jostent coronary stent-graft in endovascular treatment of traumatic carotid cavernous fistula. Methods Eight patients with traumatic carotid-cavernous fistula were treated by Jostent coronary steat graft from June 2001 to May 2007. Results The stent graft was successfully implanted in the target artery in all patients. The fistula in all patients was removed and the parent arteries kept unblocked. The clinical outcome was favorable, with no operation-related complications occurred. The ang4ogram showed normal patency of the parent arteries, without recanalization of the fistula six months after the stent graft implantation in six patients. Conclusions Stent graft is a useful tool for endovascular treatment of carotid cavernous fistula in selected patients. Further research is needed to optimize the stent graft for further use in cerebrovascular system.

9.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-394603

RESUMO

Objective To investigate the risk factors of symptomatic cerebral vasospasm (SCVS) after craniocerebral trauma. Method The clinical data of 308 patients with craniocerehral trauma were analyzed by single factor analysis and Logistic regression analysis. Resnlts SCVS occurred in 94 patients (30.52%). The risk factors were subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), Glasgow coma scale, blood glucose, emergency operation,smoking and age. Conclusions Various factors are related to the development of SCVS after craniocerebral trauma. Prophylactic treatments should be given in early stage for the patients with risk factors.

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