Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 150
Filtrar
1.
J Oral Pathol Med ; 2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34469012

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hybrid odontogenic lesions combine histopathological characteristics of two or more odontogenic cysts and/or tumours. The aim of this study was to evaluate the available data on hybrid odontogenic lesions (HOL) and to analyse their epidemiological/clinical features and biological behaviour. METHODS: An electronic search was done in January 2021 using multiple databases. Eligibility criteria encompassed publications with sufficient clinical and histological information to confirm the tumours' diagnoses. RESULTS: A total of 147 articles were included in this study, comprising 203 cases. Calcifying odontogenic cyst associated with odontoma (COC/OD) (37/18.2%) was the most common HOL. Females were more affected with a mean age of 24.9 years. Lesions presented as asymptomatic swellings, with a mean evolution time of 8.2 months (0.3-96), and mean tumour size of 4.8 cm (0.3-7). Radiographic aspects frequently showed radiolucent (139/68.4%) and unilocular (52/25.6%) images with well-defined limits (48/23.6%). The lesions mostly affected mandibular pre-molars (69/34%) and mandibular molars (69/34%) regions. Enucleation (89/43.8%) and surgical excision (59/29%) were the most common treatment modalities. The mean follow-up time was 33.8 months (0.5-216 months) and recurrences were observed in four cases (1.9%), all of which were central odontogenic fibroma associated with central giant cell granuloma (COF/CGCG). CONCLUSION: COC/OD is the most common HOL and recurrence is a rare event, being usually associated with the diagnosis of COF/CGCG.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34511355

RESUMO

Ameloblastoma is a locally aggressive, benign epithelial odontogenic neoplasm currently classified to include conventional, unicystic, and extraosseous/peripheral subtypes. Giant cells have been reported in various malignancies but rarely in odontogenic neoplasms. To date, only a single case of unicystic ameloblastoma with stromal giant cells has been reported in the literature. We report two new cases with histologic features compatible with unicystic ameloblastoma with stromal giant cells. CD68 immunohistochemical staining of the giant cells supported a histiocytic origin. Further research is needed to better understand the origin and nature of these giant cells.

3.
Head Neck ; 43(10): 3153-3164, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34227702

RESUMO

Senescence is a common denominator in wound healing, fibrosis, and cancer. Although, senescence is transiently antifibrotic, when prolonged, promotes fibrosis and malignant transformation. Eligible studies indexed in MEDLINE, Embase and Web of Science were searched to understand the role of cellular senescence in the pathogenesis of oral submucous fibrosis (OSF) and its malignant transformation. The senescence-associated secretory phenotype (SASP) components like IL-1, IL-6, and GRO-α induce double-strand DNA breaks in keratinocytes and drive genetic instability. SASP derived from myofibroblasts induces epithelial-mesenchymal transition in OSF and facilitates cancer progression. The use of senolytics has been shown to eliminate senescent cells from the areas of fibrosis, thereby preventing malignancy. Naturally occurring agents such as apigenin and kaempferol inhibit SASP. Mechanistic insight into the emerging role of senescence in the pathogenesis of OSF and modalities to inhibit senescence-associated antiapoptotic pathways as a supplementary therapy to prevent malignant transformation of OSF is underlined.

4.
Oral Dis ; 2021 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34263964

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To report the clinicopathologic features of acquired oral syphilis cases in South American countries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Clinical data were retrospectively collected from the records of 18 oral diagnostic services in Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Venezuela, Uruguay, and Peru. Serologies of nontreponemal and treponemal tests were used for diagnosis. RESULTS: The series comprised 339 cases of acquired oral syphilis. Secondary syphilis ranked as the most common stage (86.7%). Lesions were more frequent among males (58.0%) and young adults with a mean age of 33.3 years. Individuals aged 20-29 years were most affected (35.3%). The most commonly involved sites were the tongue (31.6%), lip/labial commissure (25.1%), and hard/soft palate (20.4%). Clinically, acquired oral syphilis usually presented as mucous patches (28.4%), papules (25.7%), and ulcers (18.1%). Skin manifestations occurred in 67.7% of individuals, while lymphadenopathy and fever were observed in 61.3% and 11.6% of all subjects, respectively. Most patients were treated with the benzathine penicillin G antibiotic. CONCLUSION: This report validates the spread of acquired oral syphilis infection among young adults in South America. Our directives include accessible diagnostic tools for proper disease screening, surveillance, and counselling of affected individuals, especially in low- and middle-income countries.

5.
J Oral Pathol Med ; 50(6): 529, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34265134
6.
J Oral Pathol Med ; 50(6): 613-621, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34089204

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Plasma cell neoplasms are characterized by the proliferation of a single clone of plasma cells with production of a monoclonal immunoglobulin. They can manifest as a single lesion (plasmacytoma) or as multiple lesions (multiple myeloma). METHODS: Paraffin-embedded tissue blocks of patients microscopically diagnosed with plasma cell neoplasms in the jaws were retrieved from five pathology files. Data including clinical, radiographic, microscopic and immunohistochemical findings, treatment employed and follow-up status were retrieved from the pathology reports. RESULTS: Fifty-two cases were retrieved (mean age: 59.4 years) without sex predilection. The mandible was the most affected site (67.3%), usually associated with pain and/or paresthesia (53.8%). Lesions in other bones besides the jaws were reported for 24 patients (46.2%). Radiographically, tumours usually presented as poorly defined osteolytic lesions with unilocular or multilocular images, while microscopy revealed diffuse proliferation of neoplastic plasma cells with nuclear displacement and abundant eosinophilic cytoplasm. Two cases were classified as anaplastic, and amyloid deposits were found in two other cases. Immunohistochemistry was positive for plasma cell markers and negative for CD20 and CD3, and monoclonality for kappa light chain predominated. The overall survival rate after 5 years of follow-up was 26.6%. CONCLUSION: Plasma cell neoplasms are aggressive tumours with a poor prognosis and involvement of the jaws may be the first complaint of the patient. Thus, oral pathologists, head and neck surgeons and dentists should be aware of their clinical, radiographic and microscopic manifestations.


Assuntos
Mieloma Múltiplo , Neoplasias de Plasmócitos , Plasmocitoma , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Arcada Osseodentária/diagnóstico por imagem , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mieloma Múltiplo/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias de Plasmócitos/diagnóstico por imagem , Plasmocitoma/diagnóstico por imagem
7.
J Oral Pathol Med ; 50(6): 548-557, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34091947

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of oral and maxillofacial mature T/NK-cell neoplasms is challenging because of their rarity, morphological heterogeneity and complex immunophenotype with scarce available data describing their clinical and microscopic aspects. Therefore, in this study, we investigated a series of mature T/NK-cell neoplasms affecting this anatomical region and provided an updated literature review. METHODS: Cases diagnosed as mature T/NK-cell lymphomas affecting the oral and maxillofacial region were retrospectively retrieved from six pathology files and their diagnoses were confirmed using haematoxylin and eosin-stained slides, immunohistochemical reactions and in situ hybridization for Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) detection. Patients' clinical data were collected from their pathology forms. RESULTS: A total of 22 cases were included in this study. Eleven (50%) consisted of extranodal NK/T-cell lymphomas, nasal type; eight (36.4%) were peripheral T-cell lymphomas, NOS; two (9.1%) were adult T-cell leukaemia/lymphomas, and one (4.5%) was an ALK-positive anaplastic large cell lymphoma. Overall, males predominated, with a mean age of 55.7 years. The palate was the most affected site (50%), and tumours usually presented as destructive and painful ulcers. EBV was present in all cases of extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma nasal type but was absent in the other subtypes. CONCLUSION: Among mature T/NK-cell lymphomas of the oral and maxillofacial region, extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type and peripheral T-cell lymphoma, NOS predominated. Older men were the most affected patients, and this heterogeneous group of neoplasms has a very aggressive clinical behaviour.


Assuntos
Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr , Linfoma Extranodal de Células T-NK , Linfoma de Células T Periférico , Adulto , Idoso , Herpesvirus Humano 4 , Humanos , Linfoma Extranodal de Células T-NK/diagnóstico , Linfoma de Células T Periférico/diagnóstico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
8.
J Oral Pathol Med ; 50(6): 603-612, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34091952

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lymphomas in the oral and oropharyngeal regions are relatively uncommon, and their diagnosis is challenging and complex due to the myriad histopathological subtypes. Herein, we report a large series of oral and oropharyngeal lymphomas and compare our data with the currently available literature. METHODS: All cases diagnosed as lymphomas affecting the oral and oropharyngeal regions were retrospectively retrieved from seven Brazilian institutions. Clinicodemographic data and histopathological features were evaluated and described, while a comprehensive literature review was undertaken in order to compare our findings. RESULTS: A total of 304 cases of oral and oropharyngeal lymphomas were obtained, mostly affecting individuals aged 60-69 years (n = 68) with a mean age at diagnosis of 54.2 ± 20.1 years. Males and females were equally affected. Mature B-cell neoplasms (87.2%) were the most common group, followed by mature T- and NK-cell neoplasms (11.2%) and precursor lymphoid neoplasms (1.6%). The most frequent subtypes in each group were diffuse large B-cell lymphomas, not otherwise specified (n = 99), extranodal NK/T-cell lymphomas, nasal type (n = 12), and B-lymphoblastic leukaemia/lymphomas, not otherwise specified (n = 4). The most commonly involved sites were the palate (26.3%), mandible (13%), and maxilla (10.5%). CONCLUSION: Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, not otherwise specified, remains the most common subtype of lymphomas in the oral and oropharyngeal region. Older patients are the most affected, with no gender predilection and the palate and jaw are usually affected.


Assuntos
Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B , Brasil/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Maxila , Palato , Estudos Retrospectivos
9.
Int J Paediatr Dent ; 2021 Jun 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34115428

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Oral mucositis (OM) is an important side effect related to allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT), and it has been associated with a significative reduction of quality of life. A negative impact of this toxicity in paediatric patients could result in increased use of parenteral feeding and opioids, longer periods of hospitalization, and a higher risk of systemic infection. AIM: To investigate the clinical features and clinical outcomes associated with OM development and severity in hematological cancer paediatric patients undergoing allo-HSCT who underwent professional dental care (PDC) and photobiomodulation (PBM) as prophylactic treatment. DESIGN: Medical data and OM presentation were retrieved retrospectively from all patients younger than 18 years who were submitted to allo-HSCT between 2013 and 2016. The incidence of OM was assessed and graded by two oral medicine specialists following the WHO guidelines, and it was correlated with clinical parameters. RESULTS: Forty-nine consecutive paediatric patients were included. OM was diagnosed in 73.5% of patients, and in 36.1% of patients, OM was classified as severe. Acute lymphoblastic leukemia as a primary diagnosis and the use of a myeloablative regimen were associated with OM development. The primary diagnosis and use of total body irradiation (TBI) were associated with aggressive OM. Neither the incidence nor the severity of OM affected the overall survival, whereas only the use of a myeloablative regimen and a high body mass index (BMI) were determinants of lower OM-free survival rates. CONCLUSIONS: A myeloablative conditioning and a high BMI were observed to be independent prognostic determinants of a lower OMFS rate. The cluster analysis allowed us to outline patient profiles with greater susceptibility to the development and severity of oral mucositis, which seems to be a useful tool to determine the risk of OM in paediatric patients.

10.
J Oral Pathol Med ; 50(6): 594-602, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34091967

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Plasmablastic lymphoma (PBL) is an aggressive neoplasm that commonly develops in HIV-positive patients, usually affecting the oral cavity. EBV is present in the majority of cases, therefore, playing an important role in the pathogenesis of this neoplasm. METHODS: PBL diagnosed from 2000 to 2020 were retrieved from the archives of the Department of Oral Pathology and Oral Biology at the University of Pretoria, South Africa. The patients' clinical information including gender, age, tumour location and HIV status was obtained from the original histopathology request forms. A morphological description was assessed using H&E-stained slides, with diagnoses confirmed by immunohistochemistry, and EBV detection performed via in situ hybridisation. RESULTS: During the 20 years period investigated, 113 PBL were found. Males outnumbered females (M:F ratio of 3:1), with a median age of 41 years (range 8-62). The gingiva (50 cases or 44.2%) and the palate (23 cases or 20.4%) were the most affected sites. All cases with available information were HIV positive. The tumours were composed of a diffuse proliferation of immunoblasts or plasmablasts in all cases. A starry-sky pattern, tissue necrosis, cellular pleomorphism and mitotic figures were common microscopic findings. IHC for CD3 and CD20 were negative in all cases, while positivity for CD38, CD138 and MUM1 was observed in 70.2%, 79.2% and 98.9%, respectively. EBV was present in 100% of the cases. CONCLUSION: PBL is a frequent diagnosis in South Africa, due to the country's HIV burden, where it usually affects the oral cavity and is always associated with EBV infection.


Assuntos
Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr , Linfoma Plasmablástico , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Boca , Linfoma Plasmablástico/diagnóstico , África do Sul , Adulto Jovem
11.
J Oral Pathol Med ; 50(6): 572-586, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34091974

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Burkitt lymphoma (BL) is an aggressive B-cell lymphoma with three variants (endemic, sporadic, and immunodeficiency-associated), presenting with specific epidemiological and clinical features. Burkitt lymphoma affects the head and neck region (BLHN) in approximately 10% of cases. The aim of this study was to undertake a comparative analysis of the clinicopathologic and immunohistochemical (IHC) features of BLHN diagnosed in patients from Africa, Guatemala, and Brazil. METHODS: Cases diagnosed as BLHN were collected from the files of six oral pathology laboratory services (Brazil, South Africa, and Guatemala) and one Brazilian pediatric oncology hospital from 1986 to 2020. Clinicopathological and IHC data, and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) status by in situ hybridization data for each case were reviewed and described. RESULTS: Of the 52 cases, BLHN was predominant in pediatric patients [43 (82.69%)] and males [43 (82.69%)], with a mean age of 11.26 ± 9.68 years (range, 1-39 years). Neck and cervical lymph nodes [14 (26.92%)], and involvement of both maxilla and mandible [8 (15.38%)], were the most common anatomical sites. Clinically, tumor/swelling [40 (31.25%)], cervical lymphadenopathy [14 (10.94%)], pain [12 (9.38%)], and bone destruction [12 (9.38%)] were frequent findings. All cases showed typical morphological characteristics of BL. IHC profiles included positivity for CD20 [52 (100%)], CD10 [38 (79.17%)], Bcl6 [29 (87.88%)], and c-Myc protein [18 (81.82%)]. EBV was positive in 18 cases (62.07%). The Ki-67 index ranged from 90 to 100%. CONCLUSION: The clinicopathological and EBV profile of BLHN in South African, Guatemalan, and Brazilian patients is similar.


Assuntos
Linfoma de Burkitt , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr , Adolescente , Adulto , Brasil/epidemiologia , Linfoma de Burkitt/diagnóstico , Linfoma de Burkitt/epidemiologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Herpesvirus Humano 4 , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , África do Sul/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
12.
J Oral Pathol Med ; 50(6): 540-547, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34097773

RESUMO

Immunosuppressed patients may be affected by a wide range of lymphoproliferative disorders (LPDs) ranging from self-limiting disorders to malignant lymphoid proliferations. These LPDs may be associated with systemic immune disorders, develop following organ transplantation or occur in the background of other forms of iatrogenic immunosuppression. Lymphotropic viruses, including Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) and human herpesvirus-8 (HHV8), have been associated with the pathogenesis of distinct LPDs. The resulting classification of this group of disorders is very complex and inconsistent, with several new and emerging entities. Consequently, the diagnosis of an LPD, especially in an immunosuppressed patient, and its subsequent clinical management usually represent an important pitfall in daily clinical and pathology work. Therefore, the aim of this review was to use the available literature to describe the clinicopathological features of the most important benign LPDs that may be diagnosed in the head and neck region of immunosuppressed patients. Original clinical and microscopic images were used to illustrate some of these entities.


Assuntos
Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr , Herpesvirus Humano 8 , Transtornos Linfoproliferativos , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/complicações , Herpesvirus Humano 4 , Humanos
13.
J Oral Pathol Med ; 50(6): 530-539, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34097774

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hydroa vacciniforme-like lymphoproliferative disorder (HVLPD) is a chronic Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-positive lymphoproliferative disease which may either present as an indolent condition or progress to a systemic T-cell lymphoma. METHODS: All HVLPD diagnosed over a 10-year period were retrieved, and clinical data regarding sex, age, oral and systemic manifestations, and clinical follow-up were obtained. Immunohistochemistry was done in order to characterize the lymphoid cells, and in situ hybridization was used to demonstrate the presence of EBV. RESULTS: Eleven cases were included, with a male predominance and a mean age of 25.1 years. Buccal mucosa and the lips were the most affected oral sites, appearing as painful ulcers. All patients exhibited facial oedema, usually affecting the lips, nose and periorbital region. The clinical course was gradual but progressive, with four patients having fever and 3 showing lymphadenopathies. All cases showed a moderate to severe lymphocytic infiltrate with angiotropism, angiocentricity and epidermotropism. Two cases affecting the lip skin exhibited a periappendageal lymphocytic infiltrate. Few large pleomorphic cells were found, surrounded by smaller and medium-sized lymphoid cells, as well as reactive plasma cells, macrophages, neutrophils and eosinophils. All lesions exhibited a cytotoxic T-cell (CD8+) phenotype with a variable proliferative index. All cases were associated with EBV, and all patients died due to complications of the disease. CONCLUSIONS: HVLPD is a rare disease that may show oral involvement with a cytotoxic T-cell phenotype, and is strongly associated with EBV. As shown in this series, HVLPD may show aggressive clinical behaviour.


Assuntos
Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr , Hidroa Vaciniforme , Transtornos Linfoproliferativos , Adulto , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/complicações , Feminino , Herpesvirus Humano 4 , Humanos , Masculino , Peru
14.
J Oral Pathol Med ; 50(6): 622-630, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34101256

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although uncommon, mature small B-cell lymphomas may arise in the oral/maxillofacial area and oral pathologists must be aware of the key characteristics of these neoplasms to perform an accurate diagnosis. In this manuscript, we attempted to integrate the currently available data on the clinicopathological features of follicular lymphoma (FL), mantle cell lymphoma (MCL), extranodal marginal zone lymphoma of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT-L), and chronic lymphocytic leukemia/ small lymphocytic lymphoma (CLL/SLL) affecting these anatomical regions. METHODS: An updated descriptive literature review was carried out and a detailed electronic search was done in multiple databases to gather all cases affecting the oral/maxillofacial region and palatine tonsils. RESULTS: We observed that MALT-L was the most frequently reported subtype, followed by FL, MCL, and CLL/SLL. The palate was affected in a high proportion of cases and the most usual clinical presentation was an asymptomatic swelling. MALT-L and CLL/SLL neoplastic cells were strongly associated with small salivary glands. FL showed no gender preference, while MCL and CLL/SLL were more prevalent in males and MALT-L in females. Overall, cases were more common in elderly individuals. Patients' treatment and outcome varied, with MCL being the most aggressive neoplasm with a dismal prognosis in comparison to FL and MALT-L. CONCLUSION: Despite the poor documentation in many of the cases available, especially regarding the microscopic and molecular features of tumors, this review demonstrated that the oral mature small B-cell lymphomas investigated share similar clinical presentation, but carry different prognostic significance, demanding an accurate diagnosis.


Assuntos
Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B , Linfoma de Zona Marginal Tipo Células B , Linfoma Folicular , Linfoma de Célula do Manto , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/diagnóstico , Linfoma de Zona Marginal Tipo Células B/diagnóstico , Linfoma Folicular/diagnóstico , Linfoma de Célula do Manto/diagnóstico , Masculino , Boca
15.
J Oral Pathol Med ; 50(6): 587-593, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34101913

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: CD30 is variably expressed in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), but its prognostic potential for the affected patients remains debatable and unclear. Therefore, we aimed to determine the frequency of CD30 expression in DLBCL and its potential for prognostic determination. METHODS: An electronic systematic review was performed using multiple databases, followed by a quantitative meta-analysis to assess the frequency of CD30 expression with positivity cut-off values of >0% and >20%, and to determine its association with clinicopathological features and patients' survival. RESULTS: Using a cut-off value >0%, we observed that 3.5%-59.1% of the cases were considered positive for CD30. There was a significant association of the protein expression with a lower number of extra-nodal sites affected by the neoplasm, with Ann Arbor advanced stage, the absence of B-symptoms, the lack of MYC and BCL2 translocations, and a lower ECOG performance. Using a cut-off value >20%, we observed that 2.5%-36.7% of the cases were considered positive for CD30, being significantly associated with a lower number of extra-nodal sites affected by the neoplasm, Ann Arbor stages III/IV, non-GCB tumours, the lack of MYC and BCL2 translocations, and a lower ECOG value. CD30 expression was significantly associated with a better survival rate, regardless of what cut-off parameter was used. CONCLUSION: Despite variations in the cut-off values used to determine CD30 positivity in DLBCL, the expression of this protein seems to be associated with a higher survival rate and better prognosis.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B , Humanos , Antígeno Ki-1/uso terapêutico , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/diagnóstico , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/genética , Prognóstico , Taxa de Sobrevida
16.
J Oral Pathol Med ; 50(6): 558-564, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34101926

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to integrate the available data published on leukaemic infiltration in the oral and maxillofacial region into a comprehensive analysis of its clinical manifestations, imaginological characteristics, management and survival. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An electronic search with no publication date restriction was undertaken in October 2020 in the following databases: PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus and Embase. Overall survival was calculated by survival analysis with the Kaplan-Meier test. A critical appraisal of included articles was performed using the Joanna Briggs Institute tool. RESULTS: A total of 63 studies including 68 patients were selected for data extraction. The most common haematologic diagnosis was acute myeloid leukaemia (47%). The most affected individuals were 40 to 49 years old (20.9%). The male-to-female ratio was 1.2:1. The gingiva was the most affected site (37%). Swelling/mass/oedema (33.7%) and enlargement/hyperplasia/hypertrophy (25.5%) were the main clinical findings. Osteolytic lesions with bone destruction were the main imaginological characteristics among the reported cases. Follow-up was available for 36 patients. Overall, within the 21-month follow-up, the survival probability dropped to 14.3%. CONCLUSION: A considerable number of studies reported oral manifestations mainly in individuals with the acute form of leukaemia. Children and adults were affected, but the fifth decade of life was the most common. Dentists should be vigilant since these manifestations may be important for a diagnosis and for the monitoring of the treatment response and recurrence of haematological neoplasia.


Assuntos
Infiltração Leucêmica , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Adulto , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
17.
Head Neck Pathol ; 2021 Jun 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34106410

RESUMO

Smooth muscle neoplasms represent an important group of lesions which is rare in the oral cavity. Leiomyoma (LM) is benign smooth muscle/pericytic tumor usually presenting as non-aggressive neoplasm, while leiomyosarcoma (LMS) represents its malignant counterpart. The rarity of these lesions, together with its unspecific clinical presentation and a variable histopathological appearance, lead to a broad list of differential diagnoses, hampering their diagnoses. Therefore, in this study we describe the clinical and microscopic features of a series of oral and maxillofacial LMs and LMSs. A retrospective search from 2000 to 2019 was performed and all cases diagnosed as LM and LMS affecting the oral cavity and gnathic bones were retrieved. Clinical and demographic data were obtained from the patients' pathology records, while microscopic features and immunohistochemistry were reviewed and completed when necessary to confirm the diagnoses. Twenty-two LMs and five LMSs were obtained. In the LM group, males predominated, with a mean age of 45.7 years. The upper lip was the most affected site, and 18 cases were classified as angioleiomyomas and four as solid LM. In the LMS group, females predominated, with a mean age of 47.6 years. The mandible was the most affected site. Diffuse proliferation of spindle cells, with necrosis and mitotic figures, were frequent microscopic findings. LMs and LMSs were positive for α-smooth muscle actin, HHF-35 and h-caldesmon. In conclusion, oral LM/LMS are uncommon neoplasms with the latter usually presenting as metastatic disease. H&E evaluation may be very suggestive of oral LMs, but h-caldesmon staining is strongly recommended to confirm LMS diagnosis.

18.
Arch Oral Biol ; 128: 105164, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34044344

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE(S): The objective of the present manuscript is to elucidate the role of matrix stiffness in the malignant transformation of oral submucous fibrosis. DESIGN: The role of matrix stiffness in several cancers including oral cancer was reviewed with a tailored search strategy using relevant keywords as per the Medline format. The role of molecular mediators, Yes-associated protein 1 (YAP) and transcriptional coactivator with PDZ-binding motif (TAZ) was weighed in the context of OSF along two distinct pathways. RESULTS: Increased matrix stiffness activates the transcriptional coactivators, YAP and TAZ shuttling between the nucleus and cytoplasm. YAP and TAZ, serve as mechanical transducers in promoting cell migration, invasion and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). The hypoxic microenvironment in the advanced stage of OSF promotes the migratory phenotype through mechanical memory. CONCLUSIONS: Reprogramming of a stiff matrix has the potential to restore the Hippo-YAP/TAZ tumor suppressor pathway and reverse fibrosis-associated tumor development.


Assuntos
Fibrose Oral Submucosa , Transativadores , Movimento Celular , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal , Fibrose , Humanos
19.
Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol ; 132(3): e97-e105, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34030998

RESUMO

Xeroderma pigmentosum (XP) is a rare inherited disease caused by deficiencies in DNA damage repair, which mainly results from the failure of nucleotide excision repair or defects in translesion DNA synthesis. The development of multiple malignancies is one of the most prominent features of this condition, which is clinically characterized by the occurrence of hyperpigmentation and lesions associated with sunlight exposure. Lip squamous cell carcinoma in patients with XP has rarely been reported, and information regarding the genetic analysis of these patients is limited. In this report, a case of a 20-year-old patient who developed squamous cell carcinoma in the lower lip is described. Although the tumor was surgically excised, the patient presented with recurrence a few months later. Targeted sequencing using a customized panel of DNA repair genes revealed a mutation in POLH, the gene encoding DNA polymerase eta. Therefore, molecular characterization is important to further improve the understanding of possible phenotype-genotype correlations and mechanisms involved in the pathogenesis of XP.

20.
Oral Dis ; 2021 Apr 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33901323

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Ameloblastoma is an odontogenic epithelial tumour with a low expression of mismatch repair system components. We aimed to investigate the methylation status of the genes MSH2, MSH3 and MSH6 (MutS group) in conventional ameloblastomas. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The ameloblastoma and dental follicle samples (n = 10 each) were collected from 20 different patients. Each ameloblastoma sample was sectioned into two fragments: one was paraffin-embedded while the other one, likewise the dental follicle samples, was fixed in RNAlater and frozen at -196°C. All frozen samples were investigated for the MutS genes methylation levels, using the enzymatic restriction digestion and quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR) assay. The ameloblastoma paraffin-embedded samples were submitted to immunohistochemical reactions for MutS proteins detection and digitally quantification. Correlation analyses were performed between the immunohistochemical results and the respective gene methylation percentage. RESULTS: There are no significant differences between the MutS genes methylation levels in the ameloblastoma and the dental follicle. However, a strong negative correlation was found between MSH2 and MSH6 gene methylation status and their respective proteins expressions evaluated by immunohistochemistry. CONCLUSION: Our results show that the genes methylations is in part responsible for decreasing the expression of MSH2 and MSH6 genes in ameloblastoma.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...