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1.
Int J Biol Macromol ; : 132181, 2024 May 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38740155

RESUMO

Nowadays, developing vascular grafts (e.g., vascular patches and tubular grafts) is challenging. Bacterial cellulose (BC) with 3D fibrous network has been widely investigated for vascular applications. In this work, different from BC vascular patch cultured with the routine culture medium, dopamine (DA)-containing culture medium is employed to in situ synthesize dense BC fibrous structure with significantly increased fiber diameter and density. Simultaneously, BC fibers are modified by DA during in situ synthesis process. Then DA on BC fibers can self-polymerize into polydopamine (PDA) accompanied with the removal of bacteria in NaOH solution, obtaining PDA-modified dense BC (PDBC) vascular patch. Heparin (Hep) is subsequently covalently immobilized on PDBC fibers to form Hep-immobilized PDBC (Hep@PDBC) vascular patch. The obtained results indicate that Hep@PDBC vascular patch exhibits remarkable tensile and burst strength due to its dense fibrous structure. More importantly, compared with BC and PDBC vascular patches, Hep@PDBC vascular patch not only displays reduced platelet adhesion and improved anticoagulation activity, but also promotes the proliferation, adhesion, spreading, and protein expression of human umbilical vein endothelial cells, contributing to the endothelialization process. The combined strategy of in situ densification and Hep immobilization provides a feasible guidance for the construction of BC-based vascular patches.

2.
Inorg Chem ; 63(17): 7746-7753, 2024 Apr 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38609344

RESUMO

A novel two-dimensional (2D) Hofmann-type coordination polymer, {FeII(PyHbim)2[Pd(CN)4]}·2CH3OH [1·2CH3OH, PyHbim = 2-(4-pyridyl)benzimidazole], has been synthesized, which can undergo a spontaneous guest exchange, transforming to 1·2H2O in a single-crystal-to-single-crystal (SCSC) manner, shifting from orthorhombic Cmmm to monoclinic C2/m involving the displacement of 2D layers. The solvent-induced SCSC transformation process was reversible and verified through powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD) and single-crystal X-ray crystallography analyses. Both 1·2CH3OH and 1·2H2O exhibit complete and abrupt spin crossover (SCO) behaviors in two steps, while their SCO temperature ranges drastically shift by ca.100 K, spanning room temperature, owing to different intermolecular interactions resulting from diverse interlayer packing manners and host-guest interactions. Besides, a structural phase transition is observed in 1·2CH3OH, contributing to the two-step spin transition.

3.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 11: 1273666, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38590695

RESUMO

Background: The relationship between gut microbiota composition and coronary heart disease (CHD) has been recently reported in several observational studies. However, the causal effect of gut microbiota on coronary heart disease is uncharted. Objective: This study attempted to investigate the effect of gut microbiota on coronary heart disease by Mendelian randomization (MR) analysis. Methods: Through the two-sample MR method, single-nucleotide polymorphisms relevant to gut microbiota were selected as instrument variables to evaluate the causal association between gut microbiota and the risk of CHD. Results: According to the selection criteria of the inverse variance-weighted average method, Class Actinobacteria, Class Lentisphaeria, Family Clostridiales vadinBB60group, Genus Clostridium innocuum group, Genus Bifidobacterium, Genus Butyricicoccus, Genus Oxalobacter, Genus Turicibacter, and Order Victivallales, presented a suggestive association with coronary heart disease. Conclusion: This two-sample Mendelian randomization study found that gut microbiota was causally associated with coronary heart disease. Further randomized controlled trials are needed to clarify the protective effect of probiotics on coronary heart disease and their specific protective mechanisms.

4.
Chemistry ; 30(24): e202303912, 2024 Apr 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38319524

RESUMO

Adsorption of metal-organic complexes on metallic surfaces to produce well-defined single site catalysts is a novel approach combining the advantages of homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysis. To avoid the "surface trans-effect" a dome-shaped molybdenum(0) tricarbonyl complex supported by an tolylazacalix[3](2,6)pyridine ligand is synthesized. This vacuum-evaporable complex both activates CO and reacts with molecular oxygen (O2) to form a Mo(VI) trioxo complex which in turn is capable of catalytically mediating oxygen transfer. The molybdenum tricarbonyl- and trioxo complexes are investigated in the solid state, in homogeneous solution and on noble metal surfaces (Cu, Au) employing a range of spectroscopic and analytical methods.

5.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 261(Pt 2): 129834, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38302029

RESUMO

The unique stere-complex crystal formed by poly(ʟ-lactide)/poly(ᴅ-lactide) (PLLA/PDLA) has a significant impact on properties of poly-lactide materials and is considered an effective means to improve the barrier properties of poly-lactide (PLA). In this work, poly-lactide films with different aggregate structures were prepared and the relationship of aggregate structure and barrier properties were explored. The results show that the crystal structure including crystallinity and crystal forms can be controlled by adjusting the isothermal crystallization time and crystallization temperature during the molding process. PLLA/PDLA composite films contain both homochiral crystallites and stereo-complex crystallites, and there is a synergistic crystallization effect between the two of them, which provides the composite films with high crystallinity and excellent barrier properties. Compared to the PLLA with homochiral crystallites, the PLLA/PDLA composite film with only stereo-complex crystallites exhibits higher barrier properties. The linear correlation between the crystallinity and the barrier properties is weak due to the changes in crystallization behavior and then the structure of poly-lactide caused by stereo-complexation. The linear correlation between the crystallinity and the barrier properties of the blend film is strong in the low crystallinity but weak at high crystallinity. Compared to homochiral crystallites, stereo-complex crystallites exhibits lower crystallinity dependence. It has been proven that different crystal forms have different design ideas for preparing high-barrier films, but the stereo-complexation resulting from the intermolecular forces between PLLA and PDLA having complementary chemical structure, is an effective method for enhancing the barrier performances of poly-lactide sustainably.


Assuntos
Dioxanos , Poliésteres , Cristalização , Poliésteres/química
6.
Oncol Lett ; 27(4): 148, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38385116

RESUMO

Occult urothelial carcinoma (UC), particularly with mediastinal metastases, is an uncommon clinical occurrence. The present study describes the unusual case of a 70-year-old male patient who developed mediastinal metastases from an occult UC. Histological evaluations and immunohistochemical features of the mediastinal tumor were indicative of UC; however, extensive imaging failed to identify the primary urological lesion. The findings suggest that mediastinal metastases from UCs, despite their rarity, should be considered in cases where patients with mediastinal tumors exhibit chest-related symptoms. Prompt pathological examinations are crucial for ascertaining the nature and origin of the tumor. Moreover, individualized treatment should be performed in strict accordance with the established oncology guidelines.

7.
Bioinformatics ; 40(2)2024 02 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38291952

RESUMO

MOTIVATION: Spectral imaging is often used to observe different objects with multiple fluorescent labels to reveal the development of the biological event. As the number of observed objects increases, the spectral overlap between fluorophores becomes more serious, and obtaining a "pure" picture of each fluorophore becomes a major challenge. Here, we propose a blind spectral unmixing algorithm called BINGO (Blind unmixing via SVD-based Initialization Nmf with project Gradient descent and spare cOnstrain), which can extract all kinds of fluorophores more accurately from highly overlapping multichannel data, even if the spectra of the fluorophores are extremely similar or their fluorescence intensity varies greatly. RESULTS: BINGO can isolate up to 10 fluorophores from spectral imaging data for a single excitation. nine-color living HeLa cells were visualized distinctly with BINGO. It provides an important algorithmic tool for multiplex imaging studies, especially in intravital imaging. BINGO shows great potential in multicolor imaging for biomedical sciences. AVAILABILITY AND IMPLEMENTATION: The source code used for this paper is available with the test data at https://github.com/Xinyuan555/BINGO_unmixing.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Software , Humanos , Microscopia de Fluorescência/métodos , Células HeLa , Corantes Fluorescentes
8.
Chemphyschem ; 25(5): e202300693, 2024 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38183359

RESUMO

Lithium-sulfur batteries (LSBs) are considered as the development direction of the new generation energy storage system due to their high energy density and low cost. The slow redox kinetics of sulfur and the shuttle effect of lithium polysulfide (LiPS) are considered to be the main obstacles to the practical application of LSBs. Transition-metal sulfide as the cathode host can improve the Li-S redox chemistry. However, there has been no investigation of the application of FeS2 host in Li-S redox chemistry. Applying the first-principles calculations, we investigated the formation energy, band gap, Li+ diffusion, adsorption energy, catalytic performance and Li2 S decomposition barrier of FeAx S2-x (A=N, P, O, Se; x=0, 0.125, 0.25, 0.375) to explore the Li-S redox chemistry and finally select excellent host material. FeA0.25 S1.75 (A=P, Se) has a low Li+ diffusion barrier and superior electronic conductivity. FeO0.25 S1.75 is more favorable for LiPS adsorption, followed by FeP0.25 S1.75 . FeP0.25 S1.75 (001) shows a low overpotential for the Li-S redox chemistry. In summary, FeP0.25 S1.75 has more application potential in LSBs due to its physical and chemical properties, followed by FeSe0.25 S1.75 . This work provides theoretical guidance for the design and selection of the sulfur cathode host materials in LSBs.

9.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 26(3): 2249-2259, 2024 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38165279

RESUMO

Lithium-sulfur batteries (LSBs) are one of the most promising energy storage devices with high energy density. However, their application and commercialization are hampered by the slow Li-S redox chemistry. Fe0.875M0.125S2 (M = Ti, V), as the sulfur cathode host, enhances the Li-S redox chemistry. FeS2 with Pa3̄ is transformed into Li2FeS2 with P3̄m1 after discharge. The structure changes and physicochemical properties during Fe0.875M0.125S2 discharge process are further investigated to screen out the sulfur cathode host materials with the best comprehensive properties. The discharge structure of Fe0.875M0.125S2 is verified by the thermodynamic stability of Li-deficient phases, voltage and capacity based on Monte Carlo methods. Fe0.875M0.125S2 with Pa3̄ is transformed into Li2Fe0.875M0.125S2 with P3̄m1 after discharge. Using the first-principles calculations, the physicochemical properties of Li2Fe0.875M0.125S2 are systematically investigated, including the formation energy, voltage, theoretical capacity, electrical conductivity, Li+ diffusion, catalytic performance and Li2S oxidation decomposition. The average redox voltage of Li2Fe0.875V0.125S2 is higher than that of Li2Fe0.875Ti0.125S2. Li2Fe0.875M0.125S2 shows metallic properties. Li2Fe0.875V0.125S2 is more beneficial to the reduction reaction of Li2S2 and Li2S oxidation decomposition. Fe0.875V0.125S2 has more potential as the sulfur cathode host than Fe0.875Ti0.125S2 in LSBs. A new strategy for the selection of the sulfur cathode host material for LSBs is provided by this work.

10.
Antioxid Redox Signal ; 40(1-3): 145-167, 2024 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37548538

RESUMO

Significance: Gasotransmitters, including nitric oxide (NO), hydrogen sulfide (H2S) and sulfur dioxide (SO2), participate in various cellular processes via corresponding oxidative posttranslational modifications (oxiPTMs) of specific cysteines. Recent Advances: Accumulating evidence has clarified the mechanisms underlying the formation of oxiPTMs derived from gasotransmitters and their biological functions in multiple signal pathways. Because of the specific existence and functional importance, determining the sites of oxiPTMs in cysteine is crucial in biology. Recent advances in the development of selective probes, together with upgraded mass spectrometry (MS)-based proteomics, have enabled the quantitative analysis of cysteinome. To date, several cysteine residues have been identified as gasotransmitter targets. Critical Issues: To clearly understand the underlying mechanisms for gasotransmitter-mediated biological processes, it is important to identify modified targets. In this review, we summarize the chemical formation and biological effects of gasotransmitter-dependent oxiPTMs and highlight the state-of-the-art detection methods. Future Directions: Future studies in this field should aim to develop the next generation of probes for in situ labeling to improve spatial resolution and determine the dynamic change of oxiPTMs, which can lay the foundation for research on the molecular mechanisms and clinical translation of gasotransmitters. Antioxid. Redox Signal. 40, 145-167.


Assuntos
Gasotransmissores , Sulfeto de Hidrogênio , Gasotransmissores/metabolismo , Cisteína/metabolismo , Sulfeto de Hidrogênio/metabolismo , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Oxirredução , Processamento de Proteína Pós-Traducional , Estresse Oxidativo
11.
Cell Metab ; 36(1): 78-89.e5, 2024 01 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38113886

RESUMO

Over 50 billion cells undergo apoptosis each day in an adult human to maintain immune homeostasis. Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) is also required to safeguard the function of immune response. However, it is unknown whether apoptosis regulates H2S production. Here, we show that apoptosis-deficient MRL/lpr (B6.MRL-Faslpr/J) and Bim-/- (B6.129S1-Bcl2l11tm1.1Ast/J) mice exhibit significantly reduced H2S levels along with aberrant differentiation of Th17 cells, which can be rescued by the additional H2S. Moreover, apoptotic cells and vesicles (apoVs) express key H2S-generating enzymes and generate a significant amount of H2S, indicating that apoptotic metabolism is an important source of H2S. Mechanistically, H2S sulfhydrates selenoprotein F (Sep15) to promote signal transducer and activator of transcription 1 (STAT1) phosphorylation and suppress STAT3 phosphorylation, leading to the inhibition of Th17 cell differentiation. Taken together, this study reveals a previously unknown role of apoptosis in maintaining H2S homeostasis and the unique role of H2S in regulating Th17 cell differentiation via sulfhydration of Sep15C38.


Assuntos
Sulfeto de Hidrogênio , Adulto , Camundongos , Humanos , Animais , Sulfeto de Hidrogênio/farmacologia , Sulfeto de Hidrogênio/metabolismo , Células Th17 , Camundongos Endogâmicos MRL lpr , Diferenciação Celular , Apoptose
12.
Phytomedicine ; 123: 155227, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38128398

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Atherosclerosis (AS) is a progressive chronic disease. Currently, cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) caused by AS is responsible for the global increased mortality. Yanshanjiang as miao herb in Guizhou of China is the dried and ripe fruit of Fructus Alpinia zerumbet. Accumulated evidences have confirmed that Yanshanjiang could ameliorate CVDs, including AS. Nevertheless, its effect and mechanism on AS are still largely unknown. PURPOSE: To investigate the role of essential oil from Fructus Alpinia zerumbet (EOFAZ) on AS, and the potential mechanism. METHODS: A high-fat diet (HFD) ApoE-/- mice model of AS and a oxLDL-induced model of macrophage-derived foam cells (MFCs) were reproduced to investigate the pharmacological properties of EOFAZ on AS in vivo and foam cell formation in vitro, respectively. The underlying mechanisms of EOFAZ were investigated using Network pharmacology and molecular docking. EOFAZ effect on PPARγ protein stability was measured using a cellular thermal shift assay (CETSA). Pharmacological agonists and inhibitors and gene interventions were employed for clarifying EOFAZ's potential mechanism. RESULTS: EOFAZ attenuated AS progression in HFD ApoE-/- mice. This attenuation was manifested by the reduced aortic intima plaque development, increased collagen content in aortic plaques, notable improvement in lipid profiles, and decreased levels of inflammatory factors. Moreover, EOFAZ inhibited the formation of MFCs by enhancing cholesterol efflux through activiting the PPARγ-LXRα-ABCA1/G1 pathway. Interestingly, the pharmacological knockdown of PPARγ impaired the beneficial effects of EOFAZ on MFCs. Additionally, our results indicated that EOFAZ reduced the ubiquitination degradation of PPARγ, and the chemical composition of EOFAZ directly bound to the PPARγ protein, thereby increasing its stability. Finally, PPARγ knockdown mitigated the protective effects of EOFAZ on AS in HFD ApoE-/- mice. CONCLUSION: These findings represent the first confirmation of EOFAZ's in vivo anti-atherosclerotic effects in ApoE-/- mice. Mechanistically, its chemical constituents can directly bind to PPARγ protein, enhancing its stability, while reducing PPARγ ubiquitination degradation, thereby inhibiting foam cell formation via activation of the PPARγ-LXRα-ABCA1/G1 pathway. Simultaneously, EOFAZ could ameliorates blood lipid metabolism and inflammatory microenvironment, thus synergistically exerting its anti-atherosclerotic effects.


Assuntos
Alpinia , Aterosclerose , Óleos Voláteis , Placa Aterosclerótica , Animais , Camundongos , PPAR gama/metabolismo , Óleos Voláteis/farmacologia , Frutas , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Transdução de Sinais , Aterosclerose/tratamento farmacológico , Aterosclerose/metabolismo , Placa Aterosclerótica/tratamento farmacológico , Apolipoproteínas E , Transportador 1 de Cassete de Ligação de ATP/metabolismo , Receptores X do Fígado/metabolismo
13.
Front Immunol ; 14: 1281292, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38146366

RESUMO

Introduction: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has emerged as a main global public health challenge. Additionally, herpes simplex virus type-1 (HSV-1) and type 2 (HSV-2) are widespread viruses that can cause orolabial herpes and genital herpes. Several clinical case reports have declared a possible association between the two, however, the causal relationship between them has not been clarified. Methods: This study utilized a Mendelian randomization (MR) approach for causality assessment between COVID-19 infection and HSV infection based on the latest public health data and Genome-Wide Association Study (GWAS) data. Multiple causal estimation methods, such as IVW, weighted median, simple mode, and weighted mode, were employed to validate the causal relation between COVID-19 infection and HSV infection, with COVID-19 infection, COVID-19 hospitalization, and severe COVID-19 as exposures, and HSV1/2 infection as the outcome. A reverse MR analysis was subsequently performed. Results: MR analysis exhibited that COVID-19 infection was relevant to a reduced risk of HSV1 infection (p=7.603239e-152, OR=0.5690, 95%CI=0.5455-0.5935, IVW). Regarding the effect of COVID-19 infection on HSV2, MR analysis suggested that COVID-19 infection was correlated with an augmented risk of HSV2 infection (p=6.46735e-11, OR=1.1137, 95%CI=1.0782-1.1502, IVW). The reverse MR analysis did not demonstrate a reverse causal relationship between HSV and COVID-19. Discussion: Altogether, COVID-19 infection might cause a decreased risk of HSV1 infection and an elevated risk of HSV2 infection.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Herpes Simples , Herpesvirus Humano 1 , Humanos , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Análise da Randomização Mendeliana , Herpesvirus Humano 1/genética , Herpes Simples/complicações , Herpes Simples/epidemiologia
14.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 688: 149214, 2023 12 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37951154

RESUMO

Pancreatic adenocarcinoma, a highly aggressive form of cancer with a poor prognosis, necessitates the development of innovative treatment strategies. Our prior research showcased the growth-inhibiting effects of the anti-EphA2 antibody drug hSD5 on pancreatic cancer tumors. This antibody targets and induces the degradation of the EphA2 receptor while also prompting the antibody's internalization. A deeper dive into the hSD5 Fab crystallographic structure and docking studies revealed that hSD5's CDRH3 drives the primary interaction between hSD5 and the EphA2 active site. In this study, we developed a novel antibody-drug conjugate (ADC)-the auristatin-based hSD5-vedotin specifically targeting EphA2 in pancreatic cancer cells. This ADC aims at the tumor-specific antigen EphA2, triggering endocytosis and releasing the conjugated payload molecule Monomethyl auristatin E (MMAE), amplifying the tumor-killing effect. Upon cellular entry, hSD5-vedotin demonstrated an impressive tumor-killing response, inhibiting tumor cell growth and promoting apoptosis even at lower antibody concentrations. In a pancreatic cancer xenograft animal model, hSD5-vedotin showcased the potential to suppress tumor growth entirely. Notably, potential immune resistance responses were also observed in recurrent pancreatic cancer tumors. Our empirical results underscore the possibility of developing hSD5-vedotin further, which we anticipate will have a broader and more potent therapeutic impact on pancreatic cancer and other EphA2-related cancers.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma , Imunoconjugados , Neoplasias Pancreáticas , Animais , Humanos , Imunoconjugados/farmacologia , Imunoconjugados/uso terapêutico , Imunoconjugados/química , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patologia , Adenocarcinoma/tratamento farmacológico , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto , Neoplasias Pancreáticas
15.
Heliyon ; 9(11): e21774, 2023 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38034633

RESUMO

Erythropoietin-producing hepatocyte receptor type A2 (EphA2) is a tyrosine kinase that binds to ephrins (e.g., ephrin-A1) to initiate bidirectional signaling between cells. The binding of EphA2 and ephrin-A1 leads to the inhibition of Ras-MAPK activity and tumor growth. During tumorigenesis, the normal interaction between EphA2 and ephrin-A1 is hindered, which leads to the overexpression of EphA2 and induces cancer. The overexpression of EphA2 has been identified as a notable tumor marker in diagnosing and treating pancreatic cancer. In this study, we used phage display to isolate specific antibodies against the active site of EphA2 by using a discontinuous recombinant epitope for immunization. The therapeutic efficacy and inhibition mechanism of the generated antibody against pancreatic cancer was validated and clarified. The generated antibodies were bound to the conformational epitope of endogenous EphA2 on cancer cells, thus inducing cellular endocytosis and causing EphA2 degradation. Molecule signals pAKT, pERK, pFAK, and pSTAT3 were weakened, inhibiting the proliferation and migration of pancreatic cancer cells. The humanized antibody hSD5 could effectively inhibit the growth of the xenograft pancreatic cancer tumor cells BxPc-3 and Mia PaCa-2 in mice, respectively. When antibody hSD5 was administered with gemcitabine, significantly improved effects on tumor growth inhibition were observed. Based on the efficacy of the IgG hSD5 antibodies, clinical administration of the hSD5 antibodies is likely to suppress tumors in patients with pancreatic cancer and abnormal activation or overexpression of EphA2 signaling.

16.
Int Heart J ; 64(6): 1018-1024, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38030288

RESUMO

Atrial fibrillation (AF) is closely related to abnormal cerebral blood flow. Inflammation and oxidative stress have always been important factors in the pathophysiology of AF. It remains unknown whether inflammation and oxidative stress are correlated to hippocampal perfusion in patients with AF.Sixty-three patients with AF with normal hippocampal blood perfusion (NHBP) were compared to 71 patients with AF with abnormal hippocampal blood perfusion (AHBP) using a case-control study design. The serum levels of inflammation and oxidative stress were measured. The hippocampal perfusion was detected. (1) The serum levels of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), interleukin 6 (IL-6), and oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) were statistically higher in the AHBP group than in the NHBP group. In the AHBP subgroup analysis, the serum levels of hs-CRP and IL-6 were statistically higher in patients with persistent AF than those with paroxysmal AF. (2) The relative cerebral blood volume (rCBV), mean transit time (MTT), and the time-to-peak (TTP) were statistically higher in the AHBP group than in the NHBP group. Moreover, cerebral blood flow (rCBF) was statistically lower in the AHBP group than in the NHBP group. (3) relative cerebral blood volume (rCBV), rCBF, MTT, and TTP were passively associated with serum hs-CRP and IL-6; rCBV, rCBF, and MTT were positively associated with ox-LDL. The serum levels of hs-CRP, IL-6, and ox-LDL were associated with AHBP in patients with AF after multivariate logistic regression analysis.Oxidative stress and inflammatory biomarkers were increased in patients with AF with AHBP, in which the serum levels of hs-CRP and IL-6 in the persistent AF group were statistically higher than those in the paroxysmal AF group. The serum levels of hs-CRP, IL-6, and ox-LDL were associated with AHBP in patients with AF.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial , Humanos , Proteína C-Reativa/metabolismo , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Inflamação , Biomarcadores , Estresse Oxidativo , Perfusão
17.
Front Plant Sci ; 14: 1271320, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37954990

RESUMO

Accurate assessment of isoflavone and starch content in Puerariae Thomsonii Radix (PTR) is crucial for ensuring its quality. However, conventional measurement methods often suffer from time-consuming and labor-intensive procedures. In this study, we propose an innovative and efficient approach that harnesses hyperspectral imaging (HSI) technology and deep learning (DL) to predict the content of isoflavones (puerarin, puerarin apioside, daidzin, daidzein) and starch in PTR. Specifically, we develop a one-dimensional convolutional neural network (1DCNN) model and compare its predictive performance with traditional methods, including partial least squares regression (PLSR), support vector regression (SVR), and CatBoost. To optimize the prediction process, we employ various spectral preprocessing techniques and wavelength selection algorithms. Experimental results unequivocally demonstrate the superior performance of the DL model, achieving exceptional performance with mean coefficient of determination (R2) values surpassing 0.9 for all components. This research underscores the potential of integrating HSI technology with DL methods, thereby establishing the feasibility of HSI as an efficient and non-destructive tool for predicting the content of isoflavones and starch in PTR. Moreover, this methodology holds great promise for enhancing efficiency in quality control within the food industry.

19.
Front Plant Sci ; 14: 1219584, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37790779

RESUMO

Rice is a vital food crop that feeds most of the global population. Cultivating high-yielding and superior-quality rice varieties has always been a critical research direction. Rice grain-related traits can be used as crucial phenotypic evidence to assess yield potential and quality. However, the analysis of rice grain traits is still mainly based on manual counting or various seed evaluation devices, which incur high costs in time and money. This study proposed a high-precision phenotyping method for rice panicles based on visible light scanning imaging and deep learning technology, which can achieve high-throughput extraction of critical traits of rice panicles without separating and threshing rice panicles. The imaging of rice panicles was realized through visible light scanning. The grains were detected and segmented using the Faster R-CNN-based model, and an improved Pix2Pix model cascaded with it was used to compensate for the information loss caused by the natural occlusion between the rice grains. An image processing pipeline was designed to calculate fifteen phenotypic traits of the on-panicle rice grains. Eight varieties of rice were used to verify the reliability of this method. The R2 values between the extraction by the method and manual measurements of the grain number, grain length, grain width, grain length/width ratio and grain perimeter were 0.99, 0.96, 0.83, 0.90 and 0.84, respectively. Their mean absolute percentage error (MAPE) values were 1.65%, 7.15%, 5.76%, 9.13% and 6.51%. The average imaging time of each rice panicle was about 60 seconds, and the total time of data processing and phenotyping traits extraction was less than 10 seconds. By randomly selecting one thousand grains from each of the eight varieties and analyzing traits, it was found that there were certain differences between varieties in the number distribution of thousand-grain length, thousand-grain width, and thousand-grain length/width ratio. The results show that this method is suitable for high-throughput, non-destructive, and high-precision extraction of on-panicle grains traits without separating. Low cost and robust performance make it easy to popularize. The research results will provide new ideas and methods for extracting panicle traits of rice and other crops.

20.
Environ Res ; 239(Pt 2): 117363, 2023 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37838192

RESUMO

In this research, a novel biosensing platform is described based on graphene nano-sheets decorated with Ag nano-particles (GNSs@Ag NPs). The designed electrochemical aptasensor was employed to determine carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), an important cancer biomarker. Inherently, aptasensing interfaces provide high sensitivity for CEA tumor marker because of the high specific surface area and excellent conductivity of the prepared GNSs@Ag NPs composite. The established assay demonstrated a wide linear range from 0.001 pg/mL to 10 pg/mL with a correlation coefficient of 0.9958 and low detection limit (DL) of 0.5 fg/mL based on S/N = 3 protocol. The derived biosensor illustrated acceptable selectivity towards common interfering species including HER2, VEGF, IgG, MUC1 and CFP10. In addition, the aptsensor showed good reproducibility and fast response time. The applicability of the suggested strategy in human serum samples was also examined and compared to the commercial enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Based on the experimental data, it was found that the discussed sensing platform can be exerted in the monitoring of CEA in different cancers for early diagnosis.


Assuntos
Grafite , Nanopartículas Metálicas , Neoplasias , Humanos , Antígeno Carcinoembrionário/análise , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Prata , Limite de Detecção , Ouro
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