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1.
Chem Biodivers ; : e202400519, 2024 Apr 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38576052

RESUMO

One new highly degraded steroid, namely 21-nor-4-ene-chaxine A (1) furnishing a 5/6/5-tricyclic, along with one known related analogue (2), were isolated from the South China Sea sponge Spongia officinalis. Their structures including absolute configurations were established by extensive spectroscopic data analysis, TDDFT-ECD calculation, and comparison with the spectral data previously reported in the literature. Compound 1 represent the new member of incisterols family with a highly degradation in ring B. In vitro bioassays revealed compound 2 exhibited significant anti-microglial inflammatory effect on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammation in BV-2 microglial cells.

2.
Eur Radiol Exp ; 8(1): 40, 2024 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38565836

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To assess the feasibility and tissue response of using a gold nanoparticle (AuNP)-integrated silicone-covered self-expandable metal stent (SEMS) for local hyperthermia in a rat esophageal model. METHODS: The study involved 42 Sprague-Dawley rats. Initially, 6 animals were subjected to near-infrared (NIR) laser irradiation (power output from 0.2 to 2.4 W) to assess the in vitro heating characteristics of the AuNP-integrated SEMS immediately after its placement. The surface temperature of the stented esophagus was then measured using an infrared thermal camera before euthanizing the animals. Subsequently, the remaining 36 animals were randomly divided into 4 groups of 9 each. Groups A and B received AuNP-integrated SEMS, while groups C and D received conventional SEMS. On day 14, groups A and C underwent NIR laser irradiation at a power output of 1.6 W for 2 min. By days 15 (3 animals per group) or 28 (6 animals per group), all groups were euthanized for gross, histological, and immunohistochemical analysis. RESULTS: Under NIR laser irradiation, the surface temperature of the stented esophagus quickly increased to a steady-state level. The surface temperature of the stented esophagus increased proportionally with power outputs, being 47.3 ± 1.4 °C (mean ± standard deviation) at 1.6 W. Only group A attained full circumferential heating through all layers, from the epithelium to the muscularis propria, demonstrating marked apoptosis in these layers without noticeable necroptosis. CONCLUSIONS: Local hyperthermia using the AuNP-integrated silicone-covered SEMS was feasible and induced cell death through apoptosis in a rat esophageal model. RELEVANCE STATEMENT: A gold nanoparticle-integrated silicone-covered self-expanding metal stent has been developed to mediate local hyperthermia. This approach holds potential for irreversibly damaging cancer cells, improving the sensitivity of cancer cells to therapies, and triggering systemic anticancer immune responses. KEY POINTS: • A gold nanoparticle-integrated silicone-covered self-expanding metal stent was placed in the rat esophagus. • Upon near-infrared laser irradiation, this stent quickly increased the temperature of the stented esophagus. • Local hyperthermia using this stent was feasible and resulted in cell death through apoptosis.


Assuntos
Hipertermia Induzida , Nanopartículas Metálicas , Ratos , Animais , Ouro , Silicones , Estudos de Viabilidade , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Esôfago , Stents
3.
Food Res Int ; 184: 114275, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38609252

RESUMO

Trichothecenes are Fusarium mycotoxins with sesquiterpenoid structure, which are widely occurred in grains. Due to high efficiency and environmental friendliness, biological detoxification methods have been of great interest to treat this global food and feed safety concern. This review summarized the biological detoxification methods of trichothecenes from three aspects, biosorption, biotransformation and biotherapy. The detoxification efficiency, characteristics, mechanisms and limitations of different strategies were discussed in detail. Computer-aided design will bring a new research paradigm for more efficient discovery of biodetoxifier. Integrating different detoxification approaches assisted with computational tools will become a promising research direction in the future, which will help to maximize the detoxification effect, or provide precise detoxification programs for the coexistence of various toxins at different levels in actual production. In addition, technical and regulatory issues in practical application were also discussed. These findings contribute to the exploration of efficient, applicable and sustainable methods for trichothecenes detoxification, ensuring the safety of food and feed to reduce the deleterious effects of trichothecenes on humans and animals.


Assuntos
Fusarium , Micotoxinas , Tricotecenos , Animais , Humanos , Alimentos
4.
BMC Cancer ; 24(1): 458, 2024 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38609917

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The identification of survival predictors is crucial for early intervention to improve outcome in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). This study aim to identify chest computed tomography (CT)-derived features to predict prognosis for acute myeloid leukemia (AML). METHODS: 952 patients with pathologically-confirmed AML were retrospectively enrolled between 2010 and 2020. CT-derived features (including body composition and subcutaneous fat features), were obtained from the initial chest CT images and were used to build models to predict the prognosis. A CT-derived MSF nomogram was constructed using multivariate Cox regression incorporating CT-based features. The performance of the prediction models was assessed with discrimination, calibration, decision curves and improvements. RESULTS: Three CT-derived features, including myosarcopenia, spleen_CTV, and SF_CTV (MSF) were identified as the independent predictors for prognosis in AML (P < 0.01). A CT-MSF nomogram showed a performance with AUCs of 0.717, 0.794, 0.796 and 0.792 for predicting the 1-, 2-, 3-, and 5-year overall survival (OS) probabilities in the validation cohort, which were significantly higher than the ELN risk model. Moreover, a new MSN stratification system (MSF nomogram plus ELN risk model) could stratify patients into new high, intermediate and low risk group. Patients with high MSN risk may benefit from intensive treatment (P = 0.0011). CONCLUSIONS: In summary, the chest CT-MSF nomogram, integrating myosarcopenia, spleen_CTV, and SF_CTV features, could be used to predict prognosis of AML.


Assuntos
Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Nomogramas , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Área Sob a Curva , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/diagnóstico por imagem
5.
Foods ; 13(5)2024 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38472759

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to determine the optimal extraction conditions for total flavonoids from S. bigelovii using microwave-assisted extraction and to analyze the protective effect of total flavonoids from S. bigelovii on alcoholic liver injury in mice. The optimization of the process conditions for the microwave-assisted extraction of total flavonoids from S. bigelovii was performed using response surface methodology, and an alcohol-induced acute liver injury model in mice was used to investigate the effects of different doses of total flavonoids (100 mg/kg, 200 mg/kg, and 400 mg/kg) on the levels and activities of serum alanine aminotransferase kits (ALT), glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase kits (AST), superoxide dismutase kits (SOD), glutathione peroxidase kits (GSH-Px), and malondialdehyde (MDA). We performed hematoxylin-eosin (H&E) staining analysis on pathological sections of mouse liver tissue, and qRT-PCR technology was used to detect the expression levels of the inflammatory factors IL-1 ß, IL-6, and TNF-α. The results revealed that the optimal extraction process conditions for total flavonoids in S. bigelovii were a material-to-liquid ratio of 1:30 (g/mL), an ethanol concentration of 60%, an extraction temperature of 50 °C, an ultrasound power of 250 W, and a yield of 5.71 ± 0.28 mg/g. Previous studies have demonstrated that the flavonoids of S. bigelovii can significantly inhibit the levels of ALT and AST in the serum (p < 0.001), reduce MDA levels (p < 0.001), increase the activity of the antioxidant enzymes SOD and GSH-Px (p < 0.001), and inhibit the IL-1 ß, IL-6, and TNF-α gene expression levels (p < 0.001) of inflammatory factors. The total flavonoids of S. bigelovii exert a protective effect against alcoholic liver injury by reducing the levels of inflammation, oxidative stress, and lipid peroxidation caused by alcohol. The results of this study lay the foundation for the high-value utilization of S. bigelovii and provide new resources for the development of liver-protective drugs.

6.
Immun Inflamm Dis ; 12(3): e1191, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38477658

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Diabetic cardiomyopathy (DCM) represents a major cause of heart failure and a large medical burden worldwide. This study screened the potentially regulatory targets of DCM and analyzed their roles in high glucose (HG)-induced cardiomyocyte injury. METHODS: Through GEO database, we obtained rat DCM expression chips and screened differentially expressed genes. Rat cardiomyocytes (H9C2) were induced with HG. 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutarylcoenzyme A synthase 2 (Hmgcs2) and microRNA (miR)-363-5p expression patterns in cells were measured by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction or Western blot assay, with the dual-luciferase assay to analyze their binding relationship. Then, 3-(4,5-dimethyl-2-thiazolyl)-2,5-diphenyl-2-H-tetrazolium bromide assay, lactate dehydrogenase assay, terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick end labeling assay, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and various assay kits were applied to evaluate cell viability, cytotoxicity, apoptosis, inflammation responses, and oxidative burden. RESULTS: Hmgcs2 was the vital hub gene in DCM. Hmgcs2 was upregulated in HG-induced cardiomyocytes. Hmgcs2 downregulation increased cell viability, decreased TUNEL-positive cell number, reduced HG-induced inflammation and oxidative stress. miR-363-5p is the upstream miRNA of Hmgcs2. miR-363-5p overexpression attenuated HG-induced cell injury. CONCLUSIONS: Hmgcs2 had the most critical regulatory role in DCM. We for the first time reported that miR-363-5p inhibited Hmgcs2 expression, thereby alleviating HG-induced cardiomyocyte injury.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus , Cardiomiopatias Diabéticas , MicroRNAs , Animais , Ratos , Miócitos Cardíacos , Inflamação , Glucose
7.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 2284, 2024 Mar 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38480794

RESUMO

Banna virus (BAV) is the prototype Seadornavirus, a class of reoviruses for which there has been little structural study. Here, we report atomic cryo-EM structures of three states of BAV virions-surrounded by 120 spikes (full virions), 60 spikes (partial virions), or no spikes (cores). BAV cores are double-layered particles similar to the cores of other non-turreted reoviruses, except for an additional protein component in the outer capsid shell, VP10. VP10 was identified to be a cementing protein that plays a pivotal role in the assembly of BAV virions by directly interacting with VP2 (inner capsid), VP8 (outer capsid), and VP4 (spike). Viral spikes (VP4/VP9 heterohexamers) are situated on top of VP10 molecules in full or partial virions. Asymmetrical electrostatic interactions between VP10 monomers and VP4 trimers are disrupted by high pH treatment, which is thus a simple way to produce BAV cores. Low pH treatment of BAV virions removes only the flexible receptor binding protein VP9 and triggers significant conformational changes in the membrane penetration protein VP4. BAV virions adopt distinct spatial organization of their surface proteins compared with other well-studied reoviruses, suggesting that BAV may have a unique mechanism of penetration of cellular endomembranes.


Assuntos
Coltivirus , Reoviridae , Coltivirus/metabolismo , Microscopia Crioeletrônica , Reoviridae/metabolismo , Proteínas do Capsídeo/metabolismo , Vírion/metabolismo
8.
Front Psychiatry ; 15: 1365914, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38501091

RESUMO

With the rapid development of Internet technology, more and more college students are facing the threat of mobile phone addiction. However, the relationship and underlying mechanism between mobile phone addiction and academic burnout haven't been explored in depth. This study proves the mediating role of technology conflict and the moderating role of mindfulness in the relation between mobile phone addiction and academic burnout. 752 college students were recruited to complete the questionnaire of mobile phone addiction, technology conflict, mindfulness and academic burnout. Results showed that mobile phone addiction was significantly and positively associated with academic burnout, and this relationship could be mediated by technology conflict. Besides, the direct effect of mobile phone addiction on academic burnout and the indirect effect of technology conflict in this link were moderated by mindfulness. Both these two effects are stronger for college students with lower level of mindfulness. Our findings enrich our understanding of how and when mobile phone addiction was related to academic burnout. Educational professionals and parents should take timely measure to the academic burnout of college students suffering from mobile phone addiction, particularly for those with lower level of mindfulness.

9.
J Neurochem ; 2024 Mar 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38533619

RESUMO

Though previous studies revealed the potential associations of elevated levels of plasma fibrinogen with dementia, there is still limited understanding regarding the influence of Alzheimer's disease (AD) biomarkers on these associations. We sought to investigate the interrelationships among fibrinogen, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) AD biomarkers, and cognition in non-demented adults. We included 1996 non-demented adults from the Chinese Alzheimer's Biomarker and LifestylE (CABLE) study and 337 from the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (ADNI) database. The associations of fibrinogen with AD biomarkers and cognition were explored using multiple linear regression models. The mediation analyses with 10 000 bootstrapped iterations were conducted to explore the mediating effects of AD biomarkers on cognition. In addition, interaction analyses and subgroup analyses were conducted to assess the influence of covariates on the relationships between fibrinogen and AD biomarkers. Participants exhibiting low Aß42 were designated as A+, while those demonstrating high phosphorylated tau (P-tau) and total tau (Tau) were labeled as T+ and N+, respectively. Individuals with normal measures of Aß42 and P-tau were categorized as the A-T- group, and those with abnormal levels of both Aß42 and P-tau were grouped under A+T+. Fibrinogen was higher in the A+ subgroup compared to that in the A- subgroup (p = 0.026). Fibrinogen was higher in the A+T+ subgroup compared to that in the A-T- subgroup (p = 0.011). Higher fibrinogen was associated with worse cognition and Aß pathology (all p < 0.05). Additionally, the associations between fibrinogen and cognition were partially mediated by Aß pathology (mediation proportion range 8%-28%). Interaction analyses and subgroup analyses showed that age and ApoE ε4 affect the relationships between fibrinogen and Aß pathology. Fibrinogen was associated with both cognition and Aß pathology. Aß pathology may be a critical mediator for impacts of fibrinogen on cognition.

10.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 665: 188-203, 2024 Mar 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38522159

RESUMO

Anti-tumor therapies reliant on reactive oxygen species (ROS) as primary therapeutic agents face challenges due to a limited oxygen substrate. Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is particularly hindered by inherent hypoxia, while chemodynamic therapy (CDT) encounters obstacles from insufficient endogenous hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) levels. In this study, we engineered biodegradable tumor microenvironment (TME)-activated hollow mesoporous MnO2-based nanotheranostic agents, designated as HAMnO2A. This construct entails loading artemisinin (ART) into the cavity and surface modification with a mussel-inspired polymer ligand, namely hyaluronic acid-linked poly(ethylene glycol)-diethylenetriamine-conjugated (3,4-dihydroxyphenyl) acetic acid, and the photosensitizer Chlorin e6 (mPEG-HA-Dien-(Dhpa/Ce6)), facilitating dual-modal imaging-guided PDT/CDT synergistic therapy. In vitro experimentation revealed that HAMnO2A exhibited ideal physiological stability and enhanced cellular uptake capability via CD44-mediated endocytosis. Additionally, it was demonstrated that accelerated endo-lysosomal escape through the pH-dependent protonation of Dien. Within the acidic and highly glutathione (GSH)-rich TME, the active component of HAMnO2A, MnO2, underwent decomposition, liberating oxygen and releasing both Mn2+ and ART. This process alleviates hypoxia within the tumor region and initiates a Fenton-like reaction through the combination of ART and Mn2+, thereby enhancing the effectiveness of PDT and CDT by generating increased singlet oxygen (1O2) and hydroxyl radicals (•OH). Moreover, the presence of Mn2+ ions enabled the activation of T1-weighted magnetic resonance imaging. In vivo findings further validated that HAMnO2A displayed meaningful tumor-targeting capabilities, prolonged circulation time in the bloodstream, and outstanding efficacy in restraining tumor growth while inducing minimal damage to normal tissues. Hence, this nanoplatform serves as an efficient all-in-one solution by facilitating the integration of multiple functions, ultimately enhancing the effectiveness of tumor theranostics.

11.
J Phys Chem A ; 128(12): 2330-2338, 2024 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38480504

RESUMO

An accurate, global, full-dimensional potential energy surface (PES) of NaCl + NaCl has been constructed by the fundamental invariant-neural network (FI-NN) fitting based on roughly 13,000 ab initio energies at the level of CCSD(T)-F12a/aug-cc-pVTZ, with the small fitting error of 0.16 meV. Extensive quasiclassical trajectory (QCT) calculations were performed on this PES to investigate the energy transfer process of the NaCl + NaCl collision at four different collision energies. Various quantities were obtained, including the cross-sections, energy transfer probability, average energy transfer, and collision lifetime. The probabilities of energy transfer (P(ΔE)) for prompt trajectories, nonreactive trajectories, and reactive trajectories deviate from a simple exponential decay pattern. Instead, a noteworthy probability is observed in the high-energy transfer region, indicative of supercollisions. The formation of the (NaCl)2 complex, coupled with a comparatively extended collision lifetime, promotes vibrational excitation in NaCl molecules. The reactive trajectories exhibit enhanced energy transfer, attributed to the longer lifetime of the NaCl dimer. This study not only provides an accurate and extensive understanding of the NaCl + NaCl collision dynamics but also reveals intriguing phenomena, such as supercollisions and enhanced energy transfer in reactive trajectories, shedding light on the complex intricacies of molecular interactions.

12.
J Alzheimers Dis ; 98(2): 629-642, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38427482

RESUMO

Background: Frailty is a vulnerability state increasing the risk of many adverse health outcomes, but little is known about the effects of frailty on neuropsychiatric health. Objective: To explore the associations between frailty and the risk of neuropsychiatric symptoms (NPSs) in Alzheimer's disease (AD), especially in its different clinical stages. Methods: We included 2,155 individuals assessed using modified frailty index-11 (mFI-11), Neuropsychiatric Inventory (NPI) and Neuropsychiatric Inventory Questionnaire (NPI-Q) in the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (ADNI). The relationships between frailty and NPSs were explored with logistic regression models and Cox proportional hazard regression models. Causal mediation analyses were conducted to explore the mediation factors between frailty and NPSs. Results: Among mild cognitive impairment (MCI) participants, frailty was cross-sectionally associated with an increased risk of apathy, and longitudinally associated with increased risk of depression and apathy. Among AD participants, frailty was cross-sectionally associated with increased risk of depression and anxiety, and longitudinally associated with an increased risk of apathy. Among participants with cognitive progression, frailty was associated with increased risk of depression and apathy. In MCI participants, the influence of frailty on NPSs was partially mediated by hippocampus volume, whole brain volume, and monocytes, with mediating proportions ranging from 8.40% to 9.29%. Conclusions: Frailty was associated with NPSs such as depression, anxiety, and apathy among MCI, AD, and cognitive progression participants. Atrophy of the hippocampus and whole brain, as well as peripheral immunity may be involved in the potential mechanisms underlying the above associations.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer , Apatia , Disfunção Cognitiva , Fragilidade , Humanos , Doença de Alzheimer/complicações , Doença de Alzheimer/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Longitudinais , Fragilidade/complicações , Disfunção Cognitiva/psicologia , Testes Neuropsicológicos
13.
Comput Biol Med ; 173: 108327, 2024 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38552279

RESUMO

Endometrial cancer (EC) is one of the most common malignant tumors in women, and the increasing incidence and mortality pose a serious threat to the public health. Early diagnosis of EC could prolong the survival period and optimize the survivorship, greatly alleviating patients' suffering and social medical pressure. In this study, we collected urine and serum samples from the recruited patients, analyzed the samples using LC-MS approach, and identified the differential metabolites through metabolomic analysis. Then, the differentially expressed genes were identified through the systematic transcriptomic analysis of EC-related dataset from Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO), followed by network profiling of metabolic-reaction-enzyme-gene. In this experiment, a total of 83 differential metabolites and 19 hub genes were discovered, of which 10 different metabolites and 3 hub genes were further evaluated as more potential biomarkers based on network analysis. According to the KEGG enrichment analysis, the potential biomarkers and gene-encoded proteins were found to be involved in the arginine and proline metabolism, histidine metabolism, and pyrimidine metabolism, which was of significance for the early diagnosis of EC. In particular, the combination of metabolites (histamine, 1-methylhistamine, and methylimidazole acetaldehyde) as well as the combination of RRM2, TYMS and TK1 exerted more accurate discrimination abilities between EC and healthy groups, providing more criteria for the early diagnosis of EC.

14.
Alzheimers Res Ther ; 16(1): 65, 2024 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38532501

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It has been reported that the risk of Alzheimer's disease (AD) could be predicted by the Australian National University Alzheimer Disease Risk Index (ANU-ADRI) scores. However, among non-demented Chinese adults, the correlations of ANU-ADRI scores with cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) core biomarkers and cognition remain unclear. METHODS: Individuals from the Chinese Alzheimer's Biomarker and LifestyLE (CABLE) study were grouped into three groups (low/intermediate/high risk groups) based on their ANU-ADRI scores. The multiple linear regression models were conducted to investigate the correlations of ANU-ADRI scores with several biomarkers of AD pathology. Mediation model and structural equation model (SEM) were conducted to investigate the mediators of the correlation between ANU-ADRI scores and cognition. RESULTS: A total of 1078 non-demented elders were included in our study, with a mean age of 62.58 (standard deviation [SD] 10.06) years as well as a female proportion of 44.16% (n = 476). ANU-ADRI scores were found to be significantly related with MMSE (ß = -0.264, P < 0.001) and MoCA (ß = -0.393, P < 0.001), as well as CSF t-tau (ß = 0.236, P < 0.001), p-tau (ß = 0.183, P < 0.001), and t-tau/Aß42 (ß = 0.094, P = 0.005). Mediation analyses indicated that the relationships of ANU-ADRI scores with cognitive scores were mediated by CSF t-tau or p-tau (mediating proportions ranging from 4.45% to 10.50%). SEM did not reveal that ANU-ADRI scores affected cognition by tau-related pathology and level of CSF soluble triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells 2 (sTREM2). CONCLUSION: ANU-ADRI scores were associated with cognition and tau pathology. We also revealed a potential pathological mechanism underlying the impact of ANU-ADRI scores on cognition.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doença de Alzheimer/líquido cefalorraquidiano , Peptídeos beta-Amiloides/líquido cefalorraquidiano , Austrália , Biomarcadores/líquido cefalorraquidiano , Cognição , Estilo de Vida , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/líquido cefalorraquidiano , Proteínas tau/líquido cefalorraquidiano , Masculino
15.
Quant Imaging Med Surg ; 14(3): 2255-2266, 2024 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38545063

RESUMO

Background: Intracranial extraventricular ependymoma (IEE) and glioblastoma (GBM) may have similar imaging findings but different prognosis. This study aimed to develop and validate a nomogram based on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) Visually AcceSAble Rembrandt Images (VASARI) features for preoperatively differentiating IEE from GBM. Methods: The clinical data and the MRI-VASARI features of patients with confirmed IEE (n=114) and confirmed GBM (n=258) in a multicenter cohort were retrospectively analyzed. Predictive models for differentiating IEE from GBM were built using a multivariate logistic regression method. A nomogram was generated and the performance of the nomogram was assessed with respect to its calibration, discrimination, and clinical usefulness. Results: The predictors identified in this study consisted of six VASARI features and four clinical features. Compared with the individual models, the combined model incorporating clinical and VASARI features had the highest area under the curve (AUC) value [training set: 0.99, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.98-1.00; validation set: 0.97, 95% CI: 0.94-1.00] in comparison to the clinical model. The nomogram was well calibrated with significant clinical benefit according to the calibration curve and decision curve analyses. Conclusions: The nomogram combining clinical and MRI-VASARI characteristics was robust for differentiating IEE from GBM preoperatively and may potentially assist in diagnosis and treatment of brain tumors.

16.
BMJ Open ; 14(3): e074547, 2024 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38548369

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Prevention of recurrence after an episode of venous thromboembolism (VTE), and also the post-thrombotic syndrome (PTS), is still a recognised challenge. In this meta-analysis, we will summarise existing evidence to compare intelligent system follow-up and routine follow-up for patients with VTE. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Relevant randomised controlled trials (RCTs) and cohort studies will be included from the following databases: MEDLINE/PubMed, Web of Science and the Cochrane Library. The last search time will be 31 March 2024. Two reviewers will independently identify RCTs and cohort studies according to eligibility and exclusion criteria. The risk of bias of included cohort studies will be assessed with the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale, Methodological Index of Non-Randomised Studies, and the risk of bias of RCTs will be assessed with and Cochrane Collaboration's tool. The primary outcomes include overall survival rate and PTS incidence rate. The Grades of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation tool will be used to assess the level of evidence for outcome from RCTs. RevMan V.5.4 software will be used to pool outcomes. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: Ethical approval was obtained from Shanghai Ninth People's Hospital, Shanghai JiaoTong University School of Medicine Science Research Ethics Committee (SH9H-2023-T466-1). The findings will be disseminated to the public through conference presentations and publication in peer-reviewed scientific journals. PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42023410644.


Assuntos
Síndrome Pós-Trombótica , Tromboembolia Venosa , Adulto , Humanos , Tromboembolia Venosa/prevenção & controle , Estudos de Viabilidade , China , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto , Metanálise como Assunto
18.
Actas Esp Psiquiatr ; 52(1): 19-27, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38454897

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The protective mechanism of dexmedetomidine on the brains of patients undergoing craniocerebral surgery remains unclear. The aim of this study was to examine the impact of dexmedetomidine on cognitive function, oxidative stress, and brain protection in such patients. METHODS: Fifty-four patients who underwent craniocerebral surgery at our hospital from January 2020 to June 2023 were retrospectively selected as study subjects. They were divided into two groups: the control group (n = 27) and the study group (n = 27), based on different auxiliary anesthesia protocols. Patients in the study group received dexmedetomidine before anesthesia induction, using a midline intravenous pump to assist anesthesia, while the control group received an equivalent amount of normal saline. The remaining anesthesia induction and maintenance protocols were consistent for both groups. Cognitive function was assessed using the Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE) before and 1 day after surgery for both groups. Oxidative stress indicators, including malondialdehyde (MDA), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), and superoxide dismutase (SOD) levels in the serum of both groups, were measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Additionally, changes in postoperative brain injury indicators, namely neuron-specific enolase (NSE) and central nervous system-specific protein (S100ß), were detected and compared in the serum of both groups. Concurrently, postoperative adverse reactions were recorded for both groups. RESULTS: The MMSE scale scores of both groups of patients 24 hours after surgery were significantly lower than those before surgery. However, the MMSE scale scores of the study group patients were notably higher than those in the control group, with a statistically significant difference (p < 0.05). One hour after surgery, the serum levels of MDA, GSH-Px, and SOD in both groups of patients were significantly elevated compared to pre-surgery levels. Yet, the study group exhibited significantly lower levels of MDA, GSH-Px, and SOD in comparison to the control group, and these differences were statistically significant (p < 0.05). The serum levels of NSE and S100ß in both groups were markedly higher than preoperative levels 24 hours after surgery. However, the study group demonstrated significantly lower levels of serum NSE and S100ß compared to the control group, with a statistically significant difference (p < 0.05). The incidence of postoperative complications in the study group was 7.41% (2/27), indicating a decreasing trend compared to 18.52% (5/27) in the control group. However, this difference did not reach statistical significance (χ2 = 1.477, p = 0.224). CONCLUSION: Dexmedetomidine-assisted anesthesia in craniocerebral surgery can effectively enhance postoperative cognitive function, mitigate oxidative stress, and facilitate overall postoperative recovery for patients. The intervention exhibits a favorable safety profile with no reported serious adverse reactions, establishing it as a relatively safe and reliable approach.


Assuntos
Dexmedetomidina , Humanos , Dexmedetomidina/uso terapêutico , Dexmedetomidina/farmacologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Cognição , Estresse Oxidativo , Encéfalo , Superóxido Dismutase/farmacologia
19.
Signal Transduct Target Ther ; 9(1): 63, 2024 Mar 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38453934

RESUMO

Neurotransmitter-initiated signaling pathway were reported to play an important role in regulating the malignant phenotype of tumor cells. Cancer cells could exhibit a "neural addiction" property and build up local nerve networks to achieve an enhanced neurotransmitter-initiated signaling through nerve growth factor-mediated axonogenesis. Targeting the dysregulated nervous systems might represent a novel strategy for cancer treatment. However, whether intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) could build its own nerve networks and the role of neurotransmitters in the progression ICC remains largely unknown. Immunofluorescence staining and Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay suggested that ICC cells and the infiltrated nerves could generate a tumor microenvironment rich in acetylcholine that promotes ICC metastasis by inducing epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). Acetylcholine promoted ICC metastasis through interacting with its receptor, alpha 5 nicotine acetylcholine receptor subunits (CHRNA5). Furthermore, acetylcholine/CHRNA5 axis activated GSK3ß/ß-catenin signaling pathway partially through the influx of Ca2+-mediated activation of Ca/calmodulin-dependent protein kinases (CAMKII). In addition, acetylcholine signaling activation also expanded nerve infiltration through increasing the expression of Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor (BDNF), which formed a feedforward acetylcholine-BDNF axis to promote ICC progression. KN93, a small-molecule inhibitor of CAMKII, significantly inhibited the migration and enhanced the sensitivity to gemcitabine of ICC cells. Above all, Acetylcholine/CHRNA5 axis increased the expression of ß-catenin to promote the metastasis and resistance to gemcitabine of ICC via CAMKII/GSK3ß signaling, and the CAMKII inhibitor KN93 may be an effective therapeutic strategy for combating ICC metastasis.


Assuntos
Benzilaminas , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares , Colangiocarcinoma , Humanos , beta Catenina/metabolismo , Fator Neurotrófico Derivado do Encéfalo/genética , Nicotina , Acetilcolina , Proteína Quinase Tipo 2 Dependente de Cálcio-Calmodulina/genética , Gencitabina , Glicogênio Sintase Quinase 3 beta , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Colangiocarcinoma/tratamento farmacológico , Colangiocarcinoma/genética , Ductos Biliares Intra-Hepáticos/metabolismo , Ductos Biliares Intra-Hepáticos/patologia , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/genética , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/metabolismo , Neurotransmissores , Receptores Colinérgicos , Microambiente Tumoral
20.
Cell Rep Med ; 5(2): 101415, 2024 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38382467

RESUMO

Immune checkpoint inhibitors, particularly PD-1/PD-L1 blockades, have been approved for unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, high resistance rates still limit their efficacy, highlighting the urgent need to understand the underlying mechanisms and develop strategies for overcoming the resistance. In this study, we demonstrate that HCC with high MER proto-oncogene tyrosine kinase (MerTK) expression exhibits anti-PD-1/PD-L1 resistance in two syngeneic mouse models and in patients who received anti-PD-1/PD-L1 therapy. Mechanistically, MerTK renders HCC resistant to anti-PD-1/PD-L1 by limiting ferroptosis with the upregulation of SLC7A11 via the ERK/SP1 pathway and facilitating the development of an immunosuppressive tumor microenvironment (TME) with the recruitment of myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs). Sitravatinib, an inhibitor of MerTK, sensitizes resistant HCC to anti-PD-L1 therapy by promoting tumor ferroptosis and decreasing MDSC infiltration into the TME. In conclusion, we find that MerTK could serve as a predictive biomarker for patient stratification and as a promising target to overcome anti-PD-1/PD-L1 resistance in HCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Ferroptose , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Animais , Humanos , Camundongos , Antígeno B7-H1 , c-Mer Tirosina Quinase/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Imunidade , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Microambiente Tumoral
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