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1.
Methods Mol Biol ; 2196: 63-75, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32889713

RESUMO

Labeling a protein of interest is widely used to examine its quantity, modification, localization, and dynamics in the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Fluorescent proteins and epitope tags are often used as protein fusion tags to study target proteins. One prevailing technique is to fuse these tags to a target gene at the precise chromosomal location via homologous recombination. Here we describe a protein labeling strategy based on the URA3 pop-in/pop-out and counterselection system to fuse a fluorescent protein or epitope tag scarlessly to a target protein at its native locus in S. cerevisiae.

2.
Methods Mol Biol ; 2196: 199-209, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32889722

RESUMO

In eukaryotic cells, the genomic DNA is packaged into chromatin, the basic unit of which is the nucleosome. Studying the mechanism of chromatin formation under physiological conditions is inherently difficult due to the limitations of research approaches. Here we describe how to prepare a biochemical system called yeast nucleoplasmic extracts (YNPE). YNPE is derived from yeast nuclei, and the in vitro system can mimic the physiological conditions of the yeast nucleus in vivo. In YNPE, the dynamic process of chromatin assembly has been observed in real time at the single-molecule level by total internal reflection fluorescence microscopy. YNPE provides a novel tool to investigate many aspects of chromatin assembly under physiological conditions and is competent for single-molecule approaches.

3.
Food Chem ; 335: 127602, 2021 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32739807

RESUMO

Bioactive phenolics primarily contribute to versatile health benefits of pigeon pea. For the first time, an UPLC-QqQ-MS/MS method was developed for the quantitative analysis of eleven bioactive phenolic compounds in pigeon pea natural resources (seeds, leaves, and roots) and in vitro cultures (calli and hairy roots). The proposed method could be achieved within 6 min of running time, and displayed the satisfactory linearity, sensitivity, precision, accuracy, and stability. According to analytical results, the distribution of eleven target compounds in different organs of pigeon pea was clarified. Also, it was surprisingly found that pigeon pea in vitro cultures exhibited superiority in contents of genistin and cajaninstilbene acid as compared with natural resources. Overall, the present work provided a rapid and sensitive analysis approach, which could be useful not only for quality control of pigeon pea natural resources, but also for applicability and safety evaluation of pigeon pea in vitro cultures.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32512131

RESUMO

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is accompanied with widespread impairment in social-emotional functioning. Classification of ASD using sensitive morphological features derived from structural magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the brain may help us to better understand ASD-related mechanisms and improve related automatic diagnosis. Previous studies using T1 MRI scans in large heterogeneous ABIDE dataset with typical development (TD) controls reported poor classification accuracies (around 60%). This may because they only considered surface-based morphometry (SBM) as scalar estimates (such as cortical thickness and surface area) and ignored the neighboring intrinsic geometry information among features. In recent years, the shape-related SBM achieves great success in discovering the disease burden and progression of other brain diseases. However, when focusing on local geometry information, its high dimensionality requires careful treatment in its application to machine learning. To address the above challenges, we propose a novel pipeline for ASD classification, which mainly includes the generation of surface-based features, patch-based surface sparse coding and dictionary learning, Max-pooling and ensemble classifiers based on adaptive optimizers. The proposed pipeline may leverage the sensitivity of brain surface morphometry statistics and the efficiency of sparse coding and Max-pooling. By introducing only the surface features of bilateral hippocampus that derived from 364 male subjects with ASD and 381 age-matched TD males, this pipeline outperformed five recent MRI-based ASD classification studies with >80% accuracy in discriminating individuals with ASD from TD controls. Our results suggest shape-related SBM features may further boost the classification performance of MRI between ASD and TD.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33044936

RESUMO

Respiratory motion estimation is an important part in image-guided radiation therapy and clinical diagnosis. However, most of the respiratory motion estimation methods rely on indirect measurements of external breathing indicators, which will not only introduce great estimation errors, but also bring invasive injury for patients. In this paper, we propose a method of lung respiratory motion estimation based on fast Kalman filtering and 4D CT image registration (LRME-4DCT). In order to perform dynamic motion estimation for continuous phases, a motion estimation model is constructed by combining two kinds of GPU-accelerated 4D CT image registration methods with fast Kalman filtering method. To address the high computational requirements of 4D CT image sequences, a multi-level processing strategy is adopted in the 4D CT image registration methods, and respiratory motion states are predicted from three independent directions. In the DIR-lab dataset and POPI dataset with 4D CT images, the average target registration error (TRE) of the LRME-4DCT method can reach 0.91 mm and 0.85 mm respectively. Compared with traditional estimation methods based on pair-wise image registration, the proposed LRME-4DCT method can estimate the physiological respiratory motion more accurately and quickly. Our proposed LRME-4DCT method fully meets the practical clinical requirements for rapid dynamic estimation of lung respiratory motion.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33067194

RESUMO

Thermoanaerobacter ethanolicus can produce acetate, lactate, hydrogen and ethanol from sugars resulting from plant carbohydrate polymer degradation at temperatures above 65°C. T. ethanolicus is a promising candidate for thermophilic ethanol fermentations due to both the pentose and hexose utilization. Although an ethanol balance model in T. ethanolicus has been developed, only a few physiological or biochemical experiments regarding the function of important enzymes in ethanol formation have been carried out. To address this issue, we developed a thermostable Cas9 based system for genome editing of T. ethanolicus As a proof of principle, three genes including thymidine kinase gene (tdk), acetaldehyde-alcohol dehydrogenase gene (adhE) and redox sensing protein gene (rsp) were chosen as editing targets, and these genes were edited successfully. As a genetic tool, we tested the gene knock-out and a small DNA fragment knock-in. After optimization of the transformation strategies, 77% genome editing efficiency was observed. Furthermore, our results in vivo revealed that redox sensing protein (RSP) play a more improtant role to regulate energy metabolism, including hydrogen production and ethanol formation. The genetic system provides us an effective strategy to identify genes involved in biosynthesis and energy metabolism.IMPORTANCE Interest in thermophilic microorganisms as emerging metabolic engineering platforms to produce biofuels and chemicals has surged. Thermophilic microbes for biofuels have been attracted great attention, due to their tolerance of high temperature and wide range of substrate utilization. Based on the biochemical experiments of previous investigation, the ethanol formation was controlled via transcriptional regulation and influenced by the relevant properties of specific enzymes in T. ethanolicus Thus, there is an urgent need to understand the physiological function of these key enzymes, which requires genetic manipulations such as deletion or overexpression of genes encoding putative key enzymes. Here we developed a thermostable Cas9-based engineering tool for gene editing in T. ethanolicus Thermostable Cas9 based genome-editing tool may further be applied to metabolically engineer T. ethanolicus to produce biofuels. This genetic system is an important expansion to the genetic tool box of anaerobic thermophile T. ethanolicus strain.

7.
Int J Mol Sci ; 21(19)2020 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33050099

RESUMO

Nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), and potassium (K) are three essential macro-elements for plant growth and development. Used to improve yield in agricultural production, the excessive use of chemical fertilizers often leads to increased production costs and ecological environmental pollution. Vitamins C and E are antioxidants that play an important role in alleviating abiotic stress. However, there are few studies on alleviating oxidative stress caused by macro-element deficiency. Here, we used Arabidopsis vitamin E synthesis-deficient mutant vte4 and vitamin C synthesis-deficient mutant vtc1 on which exogenous vitamin E and vitamin C, respectively, were applied at the bolting stage. In the deficiency of macro-elements, the Arabidopsis chlorophyll content decreased, malondialdehyde (MDA) content and relative electric conductivity increased, and reactive oxygen species (ROS) accumulated. The mutants vtc1 and vte4 are more severely stressed than the wild-type plants. Adding exogenous vitamin E was found to better alleviate stress than adding vitamin C. Vitamin C barely affected and vitamin E significantly inhibited the synthesis of ethylene (ETH) and jasmonic acid (JA) genes, thereby reducing the accumulation of ETH and JA that alleviated the senescence caused by macro-element deficiency at the later stage of bolting in Arabidopsis. A deficiency of macro-elements also reduced the yield and germination rate of the seeds, which were more apparent in vtc1 and vte4, and adding exogenous vitamin C and vitamin E, respectively, could restore them. This study reported, for the first time, that vitamin E is better than vitamin C in delaying seedling senescence caused by macro-element deficiency in Arabidopsis.

8.
J Neurosci Methods ; : 108968, 2020 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33039413

RESUMO

Dopaminergic neurons play important roles in brain function and studying dopaminergic system has been a major field of neuroscience research. Genetically modified mice have greatly advanced research of dopaminergic neurons. However, it has been shown that dopaminergic neurons contain several subtypes expressing distinct genetic markers, and it is challenging to study genetically different subtypes of dopaminergic neurons using current mouse lines. Here, we report a newly developed Dat-ires-flp line, in which flippase gene is knocked in after the stop codon of Slc6a3 (dopamine transporter, DAT) gene. We validated this line to show that flp is specifically expressed in dopaminergic neurons, and by breeding with Cre-expressing line (i.e. Vglut2-cre) we can study a specific subpopulation of dopaminergic neurons. We expect this line will be widely used to study different subtypes of dopaminergic neurons in diverse contexts.

9.
J Agric Food Chem ; 2020 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33040529

RESUMO

In recent years, red beetroot has received a growing interest due to its abundant source of bioactive compounds, particularly betalains. Red beetroot betalains have great potential as a functional food ingredient employed in the food and medical industry due to their diverse health-promoting effects. Betalains from red beetroot are natural pigments, which mainly include either yellow-orange betaxanthins or red-violet betacyanins. However, betalains are quite sensitive toward heat, pH, light, and oxygen, which leads to the poor stability during processing and storage. Therefore, it is necessary to comprehend the impacts of the processing approaches on betalains. In this review, the effective extraction and processing methods of betalains from red beetroot were emphatically reviewed. Furthermore, a variety of recently reported bioactivities of beetroot betalains were also summarized. The present work can provide a comprehensive review on both conventional and innovative extraction techniques, processing methods, and the stability of betalains.

11.
Int J Lab Hematol ; 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33006448

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) play significant roles in the carcinogenesis and progression of human tumors. The aim of this work was to evaluate the expression level of lncRNAs in adult acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients and to explore the function of candidate lncRNA PCAT18 in clinical diagnosis and prognosis of AML. METHODS: Noncoding RNA screening was performed by second-generation sequencing on adult newly diagnosed AML patients and healthy controls. GO and KEGG pathway analysis were performed for functional analysis of differentially regulated lncRNAs. The expression of candidate lncRNA PCAT18 was detected by real-time PCR. In K-562 and THP-1 cells, proliferation, and cell cycle analysis were performed using CCK-8 assay and Cell Cycle Assay Kit. RESULTS: The lncRNA expression profile of AML patients and healthy controls showed that six upregulated (>5-fold) and eight downregulated (<0.2-fold) lncRNAs. The candidate lncRNA PCAT18 showed higher expression in AML patients with NPM1 mutation and favorable-risk. RT-PCR revealed a significant increase of PCAT18 expression comparing to control cells. PCAT18 overexpression obviously promoted cell proliferation and PCAT18 knockdown decreased cell proliferation. The fraction of the S phases was increased in the PCAT18 overexpression group and decreased in the PCAT18 knockdown group. CONCLUSIONS: The candidate lncRNA PCAT18 in our study was firstly found upregulated in AML samples, that its overexpression promoted cell proliferation and G1/S transition. Further study of PCAT18 and its target mRNAs are needed to confirm the mechanism of PCAT18 in AML. PCAT18 may act as diagnostic and prognosis biomarker for AML.

12.
J Vet Pharmacol Ther ; 2020 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33051869

RESUMO

This study aimed to examine the bioavailability (BA) and pharmacokinetic (PK) characteristics of sulfadiazine (SDZ) in grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idellus) after oral and intravenous administrations. Blood samples were collected at predetermined time points of 0.083, 0.17, 0.5, 1, 2, 4, 8, 16, 24, 48, 72, and 96 hr (n = 6). The samples were extracted and purified by organic reagents and determined by the ultra-performance liquid chromatography. The software named 3P97 was used to calculate relevant PK parameters. The results demonstrated that the concentration-time profile of SDZ was best described by a one-compartmental open model with first-order absorption after a single oral dose. The main PK parameters of the absorption rate constant (Kα ), the absorption half-life (t1/2 Kα ), the elimination rate constant (Ke ), the elimination half-life (t1/2Ke ), and the area under concentration-time profile (AUC0-∞ ) were 0.3 1/h, 2.29 hr, 0.039 1/h, 17.64 hr, and 855.78 mg.h/L, respectively. Following intravenous administration, the concentration-time curve fitted to a two-compartmental open model without absorption. The primary PK parameters of the distribution rate constant (α), the elimination rate constant (ß), the distribution half-life (t1/2α ), the elimination half-life (t1/2ß ), the apparent distribution volume (VSS ), the total clearance (CL), and AUC0-∞ were 9.62 1/hr, 0.039 1/hr, 0.072 hr, 17.71 hr, 0.33 L/kg, 0.013 L h-1  kg-1 , and 386.23 mg.h/L, respectively. Finally, the BA was calculated to be 22.16%. Overall, this study will provide some fundamental information on PK properties in the development of a new formulation SDZ in the future and is partially beneficial for the appropriate usage of SDZ in aquaculture.

13.
PLoS One ; 15(9): e0238179, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32881902

RESUMO

Carotenoid cleavage dioxygenase (CCD), a key enzyme in carotenoid metabolism, cleaves carotenoids to form apo-carotenoids, which play a major role in plant growth and stress responses. CCD genes had not previously been systematically characterized in Brassica napus (rapeseed), an important oil crop worldwide. In this study, we identified 30 BnCCD genes and classified them into nine subgroups based on a phylogenetic analysis. We identified the chromosomal locations, gene structures, and cis-promoter elements of each of these genes and performed a selection pressure analysis to identify residues under selection. Furthermore, we determined the subcellular localization, physicochemical properties, and conserved protein motifs of the encoded proteins. All the CCD proteins contained a retinal pigment epithelial membrane protein (RPE65) domain. qRT-PCR analysis of expression of 20 representative BnCCD genes in 16 tissues of the B. napus cultivar Zhong Shuang 11 ('ZS11') revealed that members of the BnCCD gene family possess a broad range of expression patterns. This work lays the foundation for functional studies of the BnCCD gene family.

14.
Clin Respir J ; 2020 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32967044

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Both endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial biopsy (EBUS-TBB) and computed tomography-guided transthoracic needle biopsy (CT-TTNB) are approaches commonly utilized to diagnose peripheral pulmonary lesions (PPLs). The present meta-analysis was, therefore, designed to provide more reliable evidence regarding the relative advantages of these two approaches to PPL diagnosis in order to guide clinical decision making. METHODS: The PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library databases were searched for relevant studies published as of May 2020. Endpoint data pertaining to technical success rates, diagnostic accuracy, and complication rates were then extracted from these studies. Meta-analyses were conducted using RevMan v5.3. RESULTS: We identified nine total relevant studies for inclusion in the present meta-analysis, incorporating 2025 total patients (2035 total procedures) that underwent EBUS-TBB (n = 994) or CT-TTNB (n = 1041) for the purposes of PPL diagnosis. Rates of technical success were comparable between these two groups (odds ratio [OR]: 0.16; P = 0.21). However, CT-TTNB was associated with higher diagnostic yield (OR: 0.23; P < 0.00001), greater accuracy (OR: 0.43; P = 0.002), and higher rates of complications (OR: 7.27; P < 0.00001) than was EBUS-TBB. Subgroup analyses revealed that CT-TTNB was associated with better diagnostic yield and accuracy when analyzing small lesions and lesions that were proximal to the pleura. Significant heterogeneity among studies was detected with respect to both technical success rates and diagnostic yield, but there was no evidence of publication bias. CONCLUSIONS: When diagnosing PPLs, CT-TTNB is associated with higher diagnostic yield and accuracy but with poorer safety outcomes than EBUS-TBB.

15.
J Invest Dermatol ; 2020 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32888953

RESUMO

α-(1,6)-fucosyltransferase (FUT8) is implicated in the pathogenesis of several malignancies, but its role in psoriasis is poorly understood. Here, we show that FUT8 remodeling of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) plays a critical role in the development of psoriasis phenotypes. Notably, elevated FUT8 expression was associated with disease severity in the lesional epidermis of a psoriasis patient. FUT8 gain-of-function promoted HaCaT cell proliferation while shFUT8 reduced cell proliferation and induced a longer S-phase, with downregulation of cyclin A1 expression. Furthermore, cell proliferation, which is controlled by activation of EGFR was shown to be regulated by FUT8 core-fucosylation of EGFR. shFUT8 significantly reduced EGFR/AKT signaling and slowed EGF-EGFR complex trafficking to the perinuclear region. Moreover, shFUT8 reduced ligand induced EGFR dimerization. Over-activated EGFR was observed in the lesional epidermis of both human patient and psoriasis-like mouse model. Whereas, conditional-knockout of FUT8 in an IL23 psoriasis-like mouse model ameliorated disease phenotypes and reduced EGFR activation in the epidermis. These findings implied that elevated FUT8 expression in the lesional epidermis is implicated in the development of psoriasis phenotypes, being required for EGFR over-activation and leading to keratinocyte hyper-proliferation.

16.
Cell Commun Signal ; 18(1): 139, 2020 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32867785

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Venous malformations (VMs), most of which associated with activating mutations in the endothelial cells (ECs) tyrosine kinase receptor TIE2, are characterized by dilated and immature veins with scarce smooth muscle cells (SMCs) coverage. However, the underlying mechanism of interaction between ECs and SMCs responsible for VMs has not been fully understood. METHODS: Here, we screened 5 patients with TIE2-L914F mutation who were diagnosed with VMs by SNP sequencing, and we compared the expression of platelet-derived growth factor beta (PDGFB) and α-SMA in TIE2 mutant veins and normal veins by immunohistochemistry. In vitro, we generated TIE2-L914F-expressing human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) and performed BrdU, CCK-8, transwell and tube formation experiments on none-transfected and transfected ECs. Then we investigated the effects of rapamycin (RAPA) on cellular characteristics. Next we established a co-culture system and investigated the role of AKT/FOXO1/PDGFB in regulating cross-talking of mutant ECs and SMCs. RESULTS: VMs with TIE2-L914F mutation showed lower expression of PDGFB and α-SMA than normal veins. TIE2 mutant ECs revealed enhanced cell viability and motility, and decreased tube formation, whereas these phenotypes could be reversed by rapamycin. Mechanically, RAPA ameliorated the physiological function of mutant ECs by inhibiting AKT-mTOR pathway, but also facilitated the nuclear location of FOXO1 and the expression of PDGFB in mutant ECs, and then improved paracrine interactions between ECs and SMCs. Moreover, TIE2 mutant ECs strongly accelerated the transition of SMCs from contractile phenotype to synthetic phenotype, whereas RAPA could prevent the phenotype transition of SMCs. CONCLUSIONS: Our data demonstrate a previously unknown mechanistic linkage of AKT-mTOR/FOXO1 pathway between mutant ECs and SMCs in modulating venous dysmorphogenesis, and AKT/FOXO1 axis might be a potential therapeutic target for the recovery of TIE2-mutation causing VMs. Video Abstract.

17.
Brain Imaging Behav ; 2020 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32990896

RESUMO

Parkinson's disease (PD) is the most universal chronic degenerative neurological dyskinesia and an important threat to elderly health. At present, the researches of PD are mainly based on single-modal data analysis, while the fusion research of multi-modal data may provide more meaningful information in the aspect of comprehending the pathogenesis of PD. In this paper, 104 samples having resting functional magnetic resonance imaging (rfMRI) and gene data are from Parkinson's Progression Markers Initiative (PPMI) and Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (ADNI) database to predict pathological brain areas and risk genes related to PD. In the experiment, Pearson correlation analysis is adopted to conduct fusion analysis from the data of genes and brain areas as multi-modal sample characteristics, and the clustering evolution random forest (CERF) method is applied to detect the discriminative genes and brain areas. The experimental results indicate that compared with several existing advanced methods, the CERF method can further improve the diagnosis of PD and healthy control, and can achieve a significant effect. More importantly, we find that there are some interesting associations between brain areas and genes in PD patients. Based on these associations, we notice that PD-related brain areas include angular gyrus, thalamus, posterior cingulate gyrus and paracentral lobule, and risk genes mainly include C6orf10, HLA-DPB1 and HLA-DOA. These discoveries have a significant contribution to the early prevention and clinical treatments of PD.

18.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(36): e22039, 2020 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32899062

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Clinical studies found that the combination of traditional Chinese herbal formula, and western medicine therapy are better in shrinking fibroids and improve other symptoms. This study aims to systematically evaluate the efficacy and safety traditional Chinese herbal formula combined with western medicine in the treatment of uterine fibroids. METHODS: Randomized controlled trials of traditional Chinese herbal formula combined with western medicine for uterine fibroids patients will be searched in PubMed, Medline, Embase, Cochrane Library, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Chongqing VIP Chinese Science and Technology Periodical Database, Chinese Biological and Medical database (CMB), and Wanfang database from inception to August 2020. Two researchers will perform data extraction and risk of bias assessment independently. Statistical analysis will be conducted in RevMan 5.3. RESULTS: This study will summarize the present evidence by exploring the efficacy and safety of traditional Chinese herbal formula combined with western medicine in the treatment of uterine fibroids CONCLUSIONS:: The findings of the study will help to determine potential benefits of traditional Chinese herbal formula combined with western medicine in the treatment of uterine fibroids. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: The private information from individuals will not be published. This systematic review also will not involve endangering participant rights. Ethical approval is not required. The results may be published in a peer-reviewed journal or disseminated in relevant conferences. OSF REGISTRATION NUMBER: DOI 10.17605/OSF.IO/XUA8V.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Leiomioma/tratamento farmacológico , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa/métodos , China/epidemiologia , Terapia Combinada , Prescrições de Medicamentos/normas , Feminino , Humanos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Segurança , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Surg Endosc ; 2020 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32968917

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Burnia is a suturless repair for inguinal hernias in girls. It is performed under laparoscopy by grabbing the sac, inverting it into the peritoneal cavity, and cauterizing. The aim of this study is to report our experience with single-site laparoscopic burnia (BURNIA) and compare them with open repair (OPEN). METHODS: With IRB approval, pediatric female patients younger than 18 years of age who underwent inguinal hernia repair between January 2015 and December 2017 were enrolled. Medical records were retrospectively reviewed. The patients were divided into two groups, BURNIA and OPEN. RESULTS: 198 patients were included. In BURNIA, 49 patients underwent bilateral repairs, and 50 patients underwent 51 unilateral repairs (one patient had metachronous contralateral hernia). In OPEN, 27 patients underwent bilateral repairs, and 72 patients underwent 77 unilateral repairs (five patients had metachronous contralateral hernias). The mean age of BURNIA was similar to OPEN for bilateral repairs (49.1 ± 36.6 vs. 43.7 ± 26.4 months, p = 0.46), but significantly older for unilateral repairs (54.6 ± 29.8 vs. 29.0 ± 31.4, p < 0.01). The mean operation time of BUNIA was similar to OPEN for bilateral repairs (24.2 ± 7.6 vs. 22.4 ± 8.6 min, p = 0.35), but significantly longer for unilateral repairs (19.2 ± 7.0 vs, 13.6 ± 8.8 min, p < 0.01). The mean follow-up duration of BURNIA was significantly shorter than OPEN for bilateral and unilateral repairs, respectively (32.5 ± 8.8 vs. 45.4 ± 4.8 months, p < 0.01) (30.2 ± 8.8 vs. 39.1 ± 9.6 months, p < 0.01). No conversion was required in BURNIA. There were no complications and no recurrence in all patients. CONCLUSIONS: Single-site laparoscopic burnia is technically feasible, and as safe and effective as open inguinal hernia repair.

20.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 2020 Sep 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32960196

RESUMO

Sensor saturation remains an obstacle to achieve reliable and quantitative detection of a specific gas at a high concentration. Herein, a new type of H2 sensor based on Au@Pd nanoparticle arrays (NAs) is demonstrated. While preserving a wide detection-range of 0.1-100% H2 concentrations, the Au@Pd NAs show a controllable saturation behavior depending on the Pd shell thickness. Mechanistically, this superior performance derives from the synergistic effect between the unique Au@Pd core-shell morphology and the rearrangement of Au@Pd nanoparticles during pre-conditioning. Our work represents a very promising strategy to design H2 sensors with enhanced performance at a high H2 concentration.

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