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1.
Sci Total Environ ; : 161786, 2023 Jan 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36706994

RESUMO

Characterization of biochar-derived dissolved organic matter (DOM) can provide deep insight into potential applications of biochar. Herein, biochar from six macroalgae (Phaeophyta-Sargassum fusiforme, Sargassum thunbergii, and Sargassum vachellianum; Rhodophyta-Grateloupia turuturu and Chondria crassicaulis; and Chlorophyta-Ulva pertusa) were subjected to pyrolysis at different temperatures (200 °C-500 °C). The effects of pyrolysis temperature and extraction solution pH on the characteristics of the macroalgal biochar-derived DOM (MBDOM) were investigated via fluorescence excitation-emission matrix spectroscopy with parallel factor (PARAFAC) analysis. Five humic-like substances and one protein-like substance were identified. The distributions of the six PARAFAC components depended on the macroalgae species, pyrolysis temperature, and extraction solution pH. The proportion of the protein-like substance (0 %-46.77 %) was less than that of the humic-like substances (100 %-53.23 %) in a given MBDOM regardless of the extraction solution pH values. Fluorescence spectral indicators show that DOM from macroalgal biochar is more autochthonous and humified than that from the corresponding biomass. Hierarchical cluster analysis and redundancy analysis results further show that the macroalgae species, pyrolysis temperature, and extraction solution pH jointly affect DOM characteristics with varying contribution levels.

2.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 305: 116124, 2023 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36587880

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Callicarpa longissima is a typical Yao ethnomedicine that has been used to treat arthritis in China. Our previous study found that the dichloromethane extract (DCME) of C. longissima showed anti-inflammatory activity in vitro. However, the anti-inflammatory mechanism and detailed chemical composition of DCME remain unclear, which lead to the original interest of this study. AIM OF THE STUDY: The study aimed to evaluate the anti-inflammatory properties of the DCME from C. longissima and further explore the accurate chemical components responsible for this active extract. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The anti-inflammatory activity of DCME in vivo was tested with carrageenan-induced mice paw edema model. Its anti-inflammatory mechanism was explored with LPS-stimulated RAW264.7 macrophages model. The compounds in DCME were isolated by repeated column chromatography and their structures were identified on the basis of nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. The anti-inflammatory activities of the isolates in vitro were also tested by suppressing releases of inflammatory mediators (NO, IL-6 and TNF-α) in RAW264.7 macrophages model. In addition, the molecular docking analysis, which evaluated the potential interaction between the compounds and Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) and nuclear factor κB (NF-κB), was performed. RESULTS: DCME effectively alleviated the mice paw edema induced by carrageenan. In LPS-stimulated RAW264.7 cells, DCME significantly decreased the production of interleukin (IL)-6 and tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) via inhibiting their mRNA transcription, down-regulated the expression of TLR4 and myeloid differentiation factor 88, inhibited the phosphorylation of alpha inhibitor of NF-κB (IκBα), NF-κB p65, and degradation of IκBα. Twelve diterpenoid phenols were identified from DCME, and they not only showed different inhibitory effects on the production of NO, IL-6 and TNF-α in LPS-stimulated RAW264.7 cells, but also could bind to TLR4 and NF-κB as analyzed by molecular docking. CONCLUSIONS: Taken together, DCME from C. longissima could inhibit inflammatory response both in vitro and in vivo, which is mainly attributed to the synergistic effect of abundant diterpenoid phenols through inhibiting the TLR4/NF-κB signaling pathway, and might be a promising agent for the treatment of inflammatory diseases.


Assuntos
Callicarpa , Diterpenos , Animais , Camundongos , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Inibidor de NF-kappaB alfa/metabolismo , Cloreto de Metileno/efeitos adversos , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Carragenina/farmacologia , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo , Receptor 4 Toll-Like/metabolismo , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Transdução de Sinais , Anti-Inflamatórios/efeitos adversos , Diterpenos/farmacologia , Edema/induzido quimicamente , Edema/tratamento farmacológico
3.
Diagn Pathol ; 18(1): 8, 2023 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36698195

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Myometrial invasion is a prognostic factor for lymph node metastases and decreased survival in non-endometrioid endometrial carcinoma patients. Herein, we explored the mode of myometrial invasion diagnosis in FIGO stage I non-endometrioid carcinoma and evaluated the differences in diagnostic efficiency among intraoperative frozen section (IFS), intraoperative gross examination (IGE), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and computed tomography (CT) in clinical practice. Finally, we suggested which test should be routinely performed. METHOD: This was a historical cohort study nationwide with 30 centers in China between January 2000 and December 2019. Clinical data, including age, histology, method of myometrial invasion evaluation (MRI, CT, IGE, and IFS), and final diagnosis of postoperative paraffin sections, were collected from 490 non-endometrioid endometrial carcinoma (serous, clear cell, undifferentiated, mixed carcinoma, and carcinosarcoma) women in FIGO stage I. RESULTS: Among the 490 patients, 89.59% presented myometrial invasion. The methods reported for myometrial invasion assessment were IFS in 23.47%, IGE in 69.59%, MRI in 37.96%, and CT in 10.20% of cases. The highest concordance was detected between IFS and postoperative paraffin sections (Kappa = 0.631, accuracy = 93.04%), followed by IGE (Kappa = 0.303, accuracy = 82.40%), MRI (Kappa = 0.131, accuracy = 69.35%), and CT (Kappa = 0.118, accuracy = 50.00%). A stable diagnostic agreement between IFS and the final results was also found through the years (2000-2012: Kappa = 0.776; 2013-2014: Kappa = 0.625; 2015-2016: Kappa = 0.545; 2017-2019: Kappa = 0.652). CONCLUSION: In China, the assessment of myometrial invasion in non-endometrioid endometrial carcinoma is often performed via IGE, but the reliability is relatively low in contrast to IFS. In clinical practice, IFS is a reliable method that can help accurately assess myometrial invasion and intraoperative decision-making (lymph node dissection or not). Hence, it should be routinely performed in non-endometrioid endometrial carcinoma patients.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Endometrioide , Carcinoma , Neoplasias do Endométrio , Humanos , Feminino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estudos de Coortes , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Parafina , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Neoplasias do Endométrio/patologia , Carcinoma/patologia , Imunoglobulina E , Invasividade Neoplásica/patologia , Carcinoma Endometrioide/patologia
4.
J Neurol ; 2023 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36662283

RESUMO

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is highly prevalent but easily undiagnosed and is an independent risk factor for cognitive impairment. However, it remains unclear how OSA is linked to cognitive impairment. In the present study, we found the correlation between morphological changes of perivascular spaces (PVSs) and cognitive impairment in OSA patients. Moreover, we developed a novel set of dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) methods to evaluate the fluid dynamics of glymphatic drainage system. We found that the inflow and outflow parameters of the glymphatic drainage system in patients with OSA were obviously changed, indicating impairment of glymphatic drainage due to excessive perfusion accompanied with deficient drainage in OSA patients. Moreover, parameters of the outflow were associated with the degree of cognitive impairment, as well as the hypoxia level. In addition, continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) enhances performance of the glymphatic drainage system after 1 month treatment in OSA patients. We proposed that ventilation improvement might be a new strategy to ameliorate the impaired drainage of glymphatic drainage system due to OSA-induced chronic intermittent hypoxia, and consequently improved the cognitive decline.

5.
World J Surg Oncol ; 21(1): 16, 2023 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36658564

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Some studies have pointed out that a wide resection margin can improve the prognosis of intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma, but some researchers disagree and believe that a wide margin may increase complications. The optimal margin length of intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma is controversial. METHOD: The literature was searched in PubMed, MedLine, Embase, the Cochrane Library, and Web of Science until December 31, 2021, to evaluate the postoperative outcomes of patients with different margin width after resection. Odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals were used to determine the effect size. RESULT: A total of 11 articles were included in this meta-analysis, including 3007 patients. The narrow group had significantly lower 1-, 3-, and 5-year overall survival rates and recurrence-free survival rates than the wide group. Postoperative morbidity and prognostic factors were also evaluated. CONCLUSION: A resection margin width of over 10 mm is recommended in intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma patients, especially in patients with negative lymph node and early tumor stage. When the resection margin width cannot be greater than 10 mm, we should ensure that the resection margin width is greater than 5 mm.


Assuntos
Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares , Colangiocarcinoma , Humanos , Margens de Excisão , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/patologia , Colangiocarcinoma/patologia , Prognóstico , Hepatectomia , Ductos Biliares Intra-Hepáticos/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos
6.
Brain Sci ; 13(1)2023 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36672065

RESUMO

GGC repeat expansions in the 5' untranslated region (5'UTR) of the Notch Homolog 2 N-terminal-like C gene (NOTCH2NLC) have been reported to be the genetic cause of neuronal intranuclear inclusion disease (NIID). However, whether they exist in other neurodegenerative disorders remains unclear. To determine whether there is a medium-length amplification of NOTCH2NLC in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), we screened 476 ALS patients and 210 healthy controls for the presence of a GGC repeat expansion in NOTCH2NLC by using repeat-primed polymerase chain reaction (RP-PCR) and fragment analysis. The repeat number in ALS patients was 16.11 ± 5.7 (range 7-46), whereas the repeat number in control subjects was 16.19 ± 3.79 (range 10-29). An intermediate-length GGC repeat expansion was observed in two ALS patients (numbers of repeats: 45, 46; normal repeat number ≤ 40) but not in the control group. The results suggested that the intermediate NOTCH2NLC GGC repeat expansion was associated with Chinese ALS patients, and further functional studies for intermediate-length variation are required to identify the mechanism.

7.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; : e2206912, 2023 Jan 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36683161

RESUMO

Antibody-based therapies could be led astray when target receptors are expressed on nontarget sites, and the on-target toxicity poses critical challenges to clinical applications. Here, a biomimetic indirect active targeting (INTACT) strategy is proposed based on receptor expression disparities between nontarget sites and the targets. By prebinding the antibodies using cell membrane vesicles with appropriate receptor expressions, the INTACT strategy could filter out the interactions on nontarget sites due to their inferior receptor expression, whereas ensure on-demand release at the targets by competitive binding. The strategy is verified on CD47 antibody, realizing drastic alleviation of its clinically concerned hematotoxicity on a series of animal models including humanized patient-derived xenograft platforms, accompanied by preferable therapeutic effects. Furthermore, the INTACT strategy proves extensive applicability for various systems including antibody, antibody-drug conjugate, and targeted delivery systems, providing a potential platform refining the specificity for frontier antibody-related therapies.

8.
Endocrinology ; 2023 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36624983

RESUMO

Thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy, an ordinary extrathyroid syndrome of Graves' disease (GD), is closely associated with immunity. T helper(Th)17, Th1 and Th2 cells in Th lineages are thought to be related to the disease pathogenesis. Recently, there has been growing evidence that Th17.1 cells are involved in the development and progression of thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy. This pathology is characterized by the presence of Th1 and Th17 lymphocytes, which secrete interferon (IFN)-γ and interleukin (IL)-17A. This paper reviews the potential role of the Th17.1 subgroup pathogenesis of thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy. The therapeutic effects of drugs that can modulate th17.1 cell populations are also highlighted. Rich Th17.1 cells exist in peripheral blood and ocular tissues of patients suffering from thyroid eye disease, especially those with severe or steroid-resistant thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy. The bias of Th17.1 cells to secrete cytokines partly determines the pathological outcome of thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy patients. Th17.1 cells are important in regulating fibrosis, adipocyte differentiation and hyaluronic acid production. In summary, the Th17.1 subpopulation is essential in the onset and progression of thyroid eye disease, and targeting Th17.1 cell therapy may be a promising therapeutic approach.

9.
J Econ Entomol ; 2023 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36625153

RESUMO

Hymenopteran parasitoids generally show a haplo-diploid sex determination system. Haploid males are produced from unfertilized eggs, whereas diploid females develop from fertilized eggs (arrhenotokous). In some cases, diploid females develop from unfertilized eggs (thelytokous). Diglyphus wani (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae) is a biological control agent for agromyzid leafminers and have arrhenotokous and thelytokous strains. However, the morphological characteristics of two strains of D. wani are so similar that it is difficult to accurately distinguish them based on morphology. Here, a rapid molecular identification method was developed based on the mitochondrial gene cytochrome c oxidase I (COI) and one-step multiplex PCR. Two primer combinations, PC1 (Ar-F1/Th-F1/WR2) and PC2 (Ar-F1/Th-F4/WR2), were designed and repeatedly screened to distinguish two strains simultaneously, of which two special forward primers Th-F1/Th-F4 were used for the thelytokous strain and one special forward primer Ar-F1 was used for the arrhenotokous strain. In addition, a common reverse primer, WR2, was used for both strains. The PC1 and PC2 PCR assays were effective in distinguishing the two strains at different developmental stages and field colonies. This method provides a reliable, highly sensitive, and cost-effective tool for the rapid identification of the two strains of D. wani.

10.
Int J Gen Med ; 16: 57-68, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36636715

RESUMO

Introduction: Timely access to emergency treatment during in-hospital care phase is critical for managing the onset of acute ischaemic stroke (AIS), particularly in developing countries. We aimed to explore in-hospital emergency treatment delay and the relation of door-to-needle (DTN) time to ambulance arrivals vs walk-in arrivals. Methods: Data were collected from 1276 Chinese AIS patients admitted to a general, tertiary-level hospital for intravenous thrombolysis. Information on patients' characteristics and time taken during in-hospital emergency treatment was retrieved from the hospital registry data and medical records. Ambulance arrival was defined as being transported by emergency ambulance services, while walk-in arrival was defined as arriving at hospital by regular vehicle. In-hospital emergency treatment delay occurred when the DTN time exceeded 60 minutes. We performed multivariable logistic regression analysis to explore the association between hospital arrivals (by ambulance vs by walk-in) and treatment delay after adjustment for age, sex, education, marital status, residence, medical insurance, number of symptoms, clinical severity and survival outcome. Results: Over half (53.76%) of patients aged over 60 years. Around one-fifth (20.61%) of patients admitted to hospital through emergency ambulance services, while their counterparts arrived by regular vehicle. Overall, the median time taken from the hospital door to treatment initiation was 86.0 minutes. Patients arrived by ambulance (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] = 1.744, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.185-2.566, p = 0.005), had higher socio-economic status (aOR = 1.821, 95% CI = 1.251-2.650; p = 0.002), or paid out-of-pocket (aOR = 2.323, 95% CI = 1.764-3.060; p < 0.001) had an increased likelihood of in-hospital emergency treatment delays. Conclusion: In-hospital emergency treatment delay is common in China, and occurs throughout the entire emergency treatment journey. Having a triage pathway involving hospital arrival by ambulance seems to be more likely to experience in-hospital emergency treatment delay. Further efforts to improve triage pathways may require qualitative evidence on provider- and institutional-level factors associated with in-hospital emergency treatment delay.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36674125

RESUMO

PURPOSE: In this study, we attempted to reduce the negative economic externalities related to Carbon Dioxide (CO2) emissions in the Yangtze River Delta region (YRD) and designed a cross-municipality responsibility-sharing mechanism. METHODS: We estimated the municipal CO2 footprints in the YRD from 2000 to 2019 based on nighttime light data and measured CO2 emissions efficiency using a super slack-based measurement (super-SBM) model. Based on this, we designed a scenario of horizontal CO2 compensation among the YRD's municipalities from the perspectives of both CO2 footprints and CO2 trading (CO2 unit prices in trading were determined based on CO2 emissions efficiency). RESULTS: The results showed the following: (1) The CO2 footprints evolution of the YRD municipalities could be divided into four categories, among which, eleven municipalities showed a decreasing trend. Thirteen municipalities stabilized their CO2 footprints. Thirteen municipalities exhibited strong growth in their CO2 footprints, whereas four municipalities maintained a low level of slow growth. (2) Spatially, CO2 emissions efficiency evolved from a broad distribution of low values to a mosaic distribution of multi-type zones. (3) After 2011, the ratio of CO2 footprint compensation amounts to local Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in most municipalities was less than 0.01%, with its center of gravity shifting cyclically. It was appropriate to start charging the CO2 footprint compensation amounts after 2011, with a dynamic adjustment of 3 years. (4) After 2007, the supply-demand relationship of CO2 trading continued to deteriorate, and it eased in 2016. However, its operational mechanism was still very fragile and highly dependent on a few pioneering municipalities. INNOVATIONS: In this study, we designed a horizontal CO2 compensation mechanism from the binary perspective of CO2 footprints and CO2 trading. In this mechanism, the former determines the CO2 footprint compensation amounts paid by each municipality based on whether the CO2 footprint exceeds its CO2 allowance. The latter determines the CO2 trading compensation amounts paid by the purchasing municipalities based on their CO2 emissions efficiency. This system balances equity and efficiency and provides new ideas for horizontal CO2 compensation.


Assuntos
Dióxido de Carbono , Rios , Dióxido de Carbono/análise , Eficiência , Cidades , China
12.
J Adolesc Health ; 2023 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36604206

RESUMO

PURPOSE: There is a lack of trained educators and age-appropriate teaching materials for sex education in China. This study aims to assess the effects of an internet-based sexuality education programme on sexual knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors among adolescents in China. METHODS: We undertook a multicentre, cluster-randomized controlled trial in 29 vocational high schools in Guangdong and Yunnan, China. Students in the intervention group received weekly sexuality education delivered over two months based on a sexuality education package named "You and Me". A questionnaire was completed at baseline by all students, after receiving a sexuality education by the intervention group, and once a year after receiving sexuality education by the intervention group or at a similar time point by the control group. RESULTS: Between October 2018 and December 2019, 3,151 participants from 29 schools/clusters were recruited, from which 1,760 students were randomly assigned to receive an eight-session internet-based sexuality education package. Significant improvements were observed for both sexual knowledge and sexual attitudes immediately after the intervention and one year after the intervention. However, no significant effects were observed for sexual behaviors. DISCUSSION: The internet-based sexuality education package was found to positively affect the sexual knowledge and sexual attitudes among adolescents, providing a potential solution to the lack of trained educators and teaching resources for implementing country-wide sexuality education in China. However, further research is still needed to determine the effects of sexuality education packages on sexual behaviors.

13.
Theranostics ; 13(1): 231-249, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36593966

RESUMO

Rationale: Diabetes exacerbates the prevalence and severity of periodontitis, leading to severe periodontal destruction and ultimately tooth loss. Delayed resolution of inflammation is a major contributor to diabetic periodontitis (DP) pathogenesis, but the underlying mechanisms of this imbalanced immune homeostasis remain unclear. Methods: We collected periodontium from periodontitis with or without diabetes to confirm the dysfunctional neutrophils and macrophages in aggravated inflammatory damage and impaired inflammation resolution. Our in vitro experiments confirmed that SIRT6 inhibited macrophage efferocytosis by restraining miR-216a-5p-216b-5p-217 cluster maturation through ''non-canonical'' microprocessor complex (RNA pulldown, RIP, immunostaining, CHIP, Luciferase assays, and FISH). Moreover, we constructed m6SKO mice that underwent LIP-induced periodontitis to explore the in vitro and in vivo effect of SIRT6 on macrophage efferocytosis. Finally, antagomiR-217, a miRNA antagonism, was delivered into the periodontium to treat LIP-induced diabetic periodontitis. Results: We discovered that insufficient SIRT6 as a histone deacetylase in macrophages led to unresolved inflammation and aggravated periodontitis in both human and mouse DP with accumulated apoptotic neutrophil (AN) and higher generation of neutrophil extracellular traps. Mechanistically, we validated that macrophage underwent high glucose stimulation resulting in disturbance of the SIRT6-miR-216/217 axis that triggered impeded efferocytosis of AN through targeting the DEL-1/CD36 axis directly. Furthermore, we demonstrated the inhibitory role of SIRT6 for MIR217HG transcription and identified a non-canonical action of microprocessor that SIRT6 epigenetically hindered the splicing of the primary miR-216/217 via the complex of hnRNPA2B1, DGCR8, and Drosha. Notably, by constructing myeloid-specific deletion of SIRT6 mice and locally delivering antagomir-217 in DP models, we strengthened the in vivo effect of this axis in regulating macrophage efferocytosis and inflammation resolution in DP. Conclusions: Our findings delineated the emerging role of SIRT6 in mediating metabolic dysfunction-associated inflammation, and therapeutically targeting this regulatory axis might be a promising strategy for treating diabetes-associated inflammatory diseases.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus , MicroRNAs , Periodontite , Fagocitose , Sirtuínas , Animais , Humanos , Camundongos , Antagomirs/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus/metabolismo , Inflamação/metabolismo , Macrófagos/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Periodontite/genética , Periodontite/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA/metabolismo , Sirtuínas/genética , Sirtuínas/metabolismo
14.
Int J Artif Organs ; : 3913988221145501, 2023 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36600401

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Acute liver failure (ALF) is a severe liver disease with high morbidity and mortality rates. Animal models are important for research on ALF. This study aimed to establish a reproducible, Tibetan miniature pig model of D-galactosamine-induced ALF and verify it using a dual plasma molecular adsorption system (DPMAS). METHODS: Tibet miniature pigs were randomly divided into four groups (A, B, C, D) after catheterization. D-galactosamine (D-gal) at 0.45, 0.40, 0.35, and 0.35 g/kg body weight, respectively, was injected through the catheter. Group D was treated with DPMAS 48 h after D-gal administration. Vital signs and blood index values were recorded every 12 h after D-gal administration. H&E, TUNEL, Ki67, and Masson staining tests were performed. RESULTS: After D-gal administration, Tibetan miniature pigs developed different degrees of debilitation, loss of appetite, and jaundice. Survival times of groups A, B, C, and D were 39.7 ± 5.9, 53.0 ± 12.5,61.3 ± 8.1, and 61 ± 7 h, respectively. Blood levels of ALT, AST, TBIL, ammonia, PT, and inflammation factors significantly increased compared with baseline levels in the different groups (Ps < 0.05). Pathological results revealed a clear liver cell necrosis positive correlation with D-gal dose. However, DPMAS did not increase the survival time in ALF, ammonia, or liver cell necrosis. CONCLUSION: We successfully established a reproducible Tibetan miniature pig model of d-galactosamine-induced ALF, and we believe that a dosage of 0.35 g/kg is optimal.

15.
Bioresour Technol ; 370: 128570, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36596366

RESUMO

A novel ternary deep eutectic solvent (DES), consisted of choline chloride, oxalic acid and ethylene glycol, was developed as a green, low-cost and recyclable pretreatment system for multi-stage utilization of Eucommia ulmoides seed shells. Under optimum conditions, 79.7 % hemicellulose and 65.6 % lignin were quickly removed while 84.0 % cellulose was retained. After DES pretreatment, the yield and purity of gutta-percha achieved 85.1 mg/g and 96.2 %, which increased 1.4 and 1.8 folds higher than that of un-treatment ones. Meanwhile, 69.1 % enzymatic digestibility of cellulose was obtained, that was 2.3 folds higher than that of raw substrates. Moreover, 53.6 % low-condensation lignin with aromatic structures and valuable aryl-ether linkages was well collected. Importantly, the DES that has been recycled five runs can still remove 73.9 % hemicellulose and 58.0 % lignin. Overall, the DES was determined to efficiently promote the separation and conversion of high-quality gutta-percha, value-added lignin and high-yield glucose from Eucommia ulmoides seed shells.


Assuntos
Eucommiaceae , Lignina , Lignina/química , Eucommiaceae/química , Guta-Percha , Solventes Eutéticos Profundos , Monossacarídeos , Solventes/química , Hidrólise , Celulose/química , Sementes , Biomassa
17.
Opt Lett ; 48(2): 295-298, 2023 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36638441

RESUMO

Ytterbium (Yb)-ions-doped sesquioxide crystal is an attractive gain medium for a tunable and pulsed laser owing to its high thermal conductivity. In particular, it has been identified that Yb:LuScO3 has the largest energy storage property compared with other sesquioxide crystals, which is favorable for passive Q switching. In this Letter, continuous wave (CW) and the first, to the best of our knowledge, passively Q switched laser operations were demonstrated with a Yb:LuScO3 crystal. For CW laser operation, it generated the maximum output power of 8.68 W, corresponding to a slope efficiency up to 78.3%. Using Cr:YAG crystals as saturable absorbers, stable passive Q switching lasers were obtained with the Yb:LuScO3 crystal. Both the CW and Q switched lasers operate on the strongest fluorescence emission peak of 1038 nm. With Cr:YAG as the saturable absorber, efficient passively Q switched lasers with a slope efficiency of 45% were obtained with the pulse width, pulse energy, and peak power of 5.9 ns, 116 µJ, and 18.5 kW, respectively.

18.
Lancet ; 401(10371): 103-104, 2023 01 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36641195
19.
Surg Endosc ; 2023 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36635401

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The laparoscopic and open approaches have comparable safety and oncological efficacy to treat early (T1b or T2) stage incidental gallbladder cancer (IGBC). However, their effects on T3 stage or above tumors unclear. METHODS: Data of IGBC patients who underwent radical re-resection were retrospectively analyzed. Demographic characteristics, surgical variables, and tumor characteristics were evaluated for association with survival. RESULTS: We analyzed retrospectively 201 patients (72 men, 129 women; median age 63 years; range, 36-85 years). 84 underwent laparoscopic re-resection and 117 underwent open surgery. The 5-year OS post-resection was 74.7%, with a median survival of 74.52 months. The median OS (73.92 months vs. 77.04 months, P = 0.67), and disease-free survival (72.60 months vs. 71.09 months, P = 0.18) were comparable between the laparoscopic re-resection and open surgery groups. The survival of patients with T1/T2 (median: 85.50 months vs. 80.14 months; P = 0.67) and T3 (median: 68.56 months vs. 58.85 months; P = 0.36) disease were comparable between the open re-resection and laparoscopic re-resection groups even after PS matching. Open surgery group lost significantly more blood, while laparoscopic surgery took longer. The postsurgical stay in the laparoscopic re-resection group was significantly shorter. Combined extrahepatic bile duct resection, gallbladder perforation, pT, pStage, histological grade, microscopic liver invasion, status of the resected margin, and adjuvant therapy comprised significant independent prognostic indicators for IGBC. CONCLUSIONS: Laparoscopic and open surgery can achieve similar short and long-term outcomes for T3 IGBC; however, careful surgical manipulation is necessary to avoid secondary injuries.

20.
Acta Biomater ; 157: 428-441, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36549633

RESUMO

Ovarian cancer (OC) ranks first among gynecologic malignancies in terms of mortality. The benefits of poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitors appear to be limited to OC with BRCA mutations. Concurrent administration of WEE1 inhibitors (eg, adavosertib (Ada)) and PARP inhibitors (eg, olaparib (Ola)) effectively suppress ovarian tumor growth regardless of BRCA mutation status, but is poorly tolerated. Henceforth, we aimed to seek a strategy to reduce the toxic effects of this combination by taking advantage of the mesoporous polydopamine (MPDA) nanoparticles with good biocompatibility and high drug loading capacity. In this work, we designed a tumor-targeting peptide TMTP1 modified MPDA-based nano-drug delivery system (TPNPs) for targeted co-delivery of Ada and Ola to treat OC. Ada and Ola could be effectively loaded into MPDA nanoplatform and showed tumor microenvironment triggered release behavior. The nanoparticles induced more apoptosis in OC cells, and significantly enhanced the synergy of combination therapy with Ada plus Ola in murine OC models. Moreover, the precise drug delivery of TPNPs towards tumor cells significantly diminished the toxic side effects caused by concurrent administration of Ada and Ola. Co-delivery of WEE1 inhibitors and PARP inhibitors via TPNPs represents a promising approach for the treatment of OC. STATEMENT OF SIGNIFICANCE: Combination therapy of WEE1 inhibitors (eg, Ada) with PARP inhibitors (eg, Ola) effectively suppress ovarian tumor growth regardless of BRCA mutation status. However, poor tolerability limits its clinical application. To address this issue, we construct a tumor-targeting nano-drug delivery system (TPNP) for co-delivery of Ada and Ola. The nanoparticles specifically target ovarian cancer and effectively enhance the antitumor effect while minimizing undesired toxic side effects. As the first nanomedicine co-loaded with a WEE1 inhibitor and a PARP inhibitor, TPNP-Ada-Ola may provide a promising and generally applicable therapeutic strategy for ovarian cancer patients.

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