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1.
J Chem Theory Comput ; 19(23): 8782-8800, 2023 Dec 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37965941

RESUMO

To enrich and enhance the diversity of the quest database of highly accurate excitation energies [Véril, M.; et al. Wiley Interdiscip. Rev.: Comput. Mol. Sci. 2021, 11, e1517], we report vertical transition energies in transition metal compounds. Eleven diatomic molecules with a singlet or doublet ground state containing a fourth-row transition metal (CuCl, CuF, CuH, ScF, ScH, ScO, ScS, TiN, ZnH, ZnO, and ZnS) are considered, and the corresponding excitation energies are computed using high-level coupled-cluster (CC) methods, namely, CC3, CCSDT, CC4, and CCSDTQ, as well as multiconfigurational methods such as CASPT2 and NEVPT2. In many cases, to provide more comprehensive benchmark data, we also provide full configuration interaction estimates computed with the configuration interaction using a perturbative selection made iteratively (CIPSI) method. Based on these calculations, theoretical best estimates of the transition energies are established in both the aug-cc-pVDZ and aug-cc-pVTZ basis sets. This allows us to accurately assess the performance of the CC and multiconfigurational methods for this specific set of challenging transitions. Furthermore, comparisons with experimental data and previous theoretical results are also reported.

2.
J Am Chem Soc ; 144(23): 10599-10607, 2022 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35654753

RESUMO

Recent reports on hydride-doped noble metal nanoclusters strongly suggest that the encapsulated hydride is a part of the superatom core, but no accurate location of the hydride could be experimentally proved, so far. We report herein a hydride-doped eight-electron platinum/silver alloy nanocluster in which the position of four-coordinated hydride was determined by neutron diffraction for the first time. X-ray structures of [PtHAg19(dtp/desp)12] (dtp = S2P(OnPr)2, 1; dsep = Se2P(OiPr)2, 2) describe a central platinum hydride (PtH) unit encapsulated within a distorted Ag12 icosahedron, the resulting (PtH)@Ag12 core being stabilized by an outer sphere made up of 7 capping silver atoms and 12 dichalcogenolates. Solid-state structures of 1 and 2 differ somewhat in the spatial configuration of their outer spheres, resulting in overall different symmetries, C1 and C3, respectively. Whereas the multi-NMR spectra of 2 in solution at 173 K reveal that the structure of C3 symmetry is the predominant one, 1H and 195Pt NMR spectra of 1 at the same temperature disclose the presence of isomers of both C1 and C3 symmetry. DFT calculations found both isomers to be very close in energy, supporting the fact that they co-exist in solution. They also show that the [PtH@Ag12]5+ kernel can be viewed as a closed-shell superatomic core, the µ4-hydride electron contributing to its eight-electron count. On the other hand, the 1s(H) orbital contributes only moderately to the superatomic orbitals, being mainly involved in the building of a Pt-H bonding electron pair with the 5dz2(Pt) orbital.

3.
Commun Chem ; 5(1): 151, 2022 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36697889

RESUMO

Atomically precise thiolate-protected coinage metal nanoclusters and their alloys are far more numerous than their selenium congeners, the synthesis of which remains extremely challenging. Herein, we report the synthesis of a series of atomically defined dithiophosph(in)ate protected eight-electron superatomic palladium silver nanoalloys [PdAg20{S2PR2}12], 2a-c (where R = OiPr, a; OiBu, b; Ph, c) via ligand exchange and/or co-reduction methods. The ligand exchange reaction on [PdAg20{S2P(OnPr)2}12], 1, with [NH4{Se2PR2}12] (where R = OiPr, or OnPr) leads to the formation of [PdAg20{Se2P(OiPr)2}12] (3) and [PdAg20{Se2P(OnPr)2}12] (4), respectively. Solid state structures of 2a, 2b, 3 and 4 unravel different PdAg20 metal frameworks from their parent cluster, originating from the different distributions of the eight-capping silver(I) atoms around a Pd@Ag12 centered icosahedron with C2, D3, Th and Th symmetries, respectively. Surprisingly ambient temperature crystallization of the reaction product 3 obtained by the ligand exchange reaction on 1 has resulted in the co-crystallization of two isomers in the unit cell with overall T (3a) and C3 (3b) symmetries, respectively. To our knowledge, this is the first ever characterized isomeric pair among the selenolate-protected NCs. Density functional theory (DFT) studies further rationalize the preferred geometrical isomerism of the PdAg20 core.

4.
Nanoscale ; 14(1): 196-203, 2021 Dec 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34908067

RESUMO

The isoelectronic doping of dichalcogenolato nanoclusters of the type [Ag21{E2P(OR)2}12]+ (E = S, Se) by any heteroatom belonging to groups 9-12 was systematically investigated using DFT calculations. Although they can differ in their global structure, all of these species have the same M@M12-centered icosahedral core. In any case, the different structure types are all very close in energy. In all of them, three different alloying sites can be identified (central, icosahedral, peripheral) and calculations allowed the trends in heteroatom site occupation preference across the group 9-12 family to be revealed. These trends are supported by complementary experimental results. They were rationalized on the basis of electronegativity, potential involvement in the bonding of valence d-orbitals and atom size. TD-DFT calculations showed that the effect of doping on optical properties is sizable and this should stimulate research on the modulation of luminescence properties in the dithiolato and diseleno families of complexes.

5.
Nanoscale ; 13(28): 12143-12148, 2021 Jul 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34231628

RESUMO

The first atomically and structurally precise platinum/silver superatoms protected by Se-donor ligands were synthesized in high yield by adopting ligand replacements on [PtAg20{S2P(OnPr)2}12] (3) with 12 equiv. of di-alkyl diselenophosph(in)ates. Structures of [PtAg20{Se2P(OR)2}12] (R = nPr (1a), iPr (1b)) and [PtAg20{Se2P(CH2CH2Ph)2}12] (2) were accurately determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction to reveal an eight-electron [Pt@Ag12]4+ icosahedral core embedded within a cube of eight silver(i) atoms and wrapped into a shell of 12 diselenophosph(in)ates. While the lowest energy absorption band of the Se derivatives is red-shifted to longer wavelengths in comparison with the S analogue, it is blue-shifted in the emission spectra. Density functional theory (DFT) and TD-DFT calculations rationalize the electronic structures as those of eight-electron superatoms, with their HOMO and LUMO being the 1P and 1D levels, respectively. The two UV-visible lowest bands are associated with 1P → 1D metal to metal charge transfer (MMCT) transitions. The blue shift observed for the S analogue results from a larger HOMO-LUMO gap in the case of dithiolate ligands.

6.
J Chem Phys ; 155(3): 034304, 2021 Jul 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34293901

RESUMO

The bimetallic M20 and M21 compounds, {[Cu3Ag17{S2P(OiPr)2}12]0.5 [Cu4Ag16{S2P(OiPr)2}12]0.5} ({[1a]0.5[1b]0.5}) and [Cu4Ag17{S2P(OiPr)2}12](PF6) (2), have been structurally characterized, in which the Cu(I) ions are randomly distributed on the eight outer positions capping the eight-electron [Ag13]5+ core. DFT calculations show that the statistical disorder results from the nearly neutral preference of copper to occupy any of the eight outer positions. Surprisingly, the UV-Vis absorption spectra of the M20 and M21 bimetallic nanoclusters display an almost identical absorption profile as that of their homometallic [Ag20{S2P(OiPr)2}12] and [Ag21{S2P(OiPr)2}12]+ relatives. This is rationalized by TD-DFT calculations, which show that the frontier orbitals of such eight-electron alloys are largely independent from the nature of the capping metal ions. A blue-shifted absorption is observed upon replacing by Au the central Ag atom in 2, forming the trimetallic compound [Cu4AuAg16{S2P(OiPr)2}12](PF6) (3).

7.
J Phys Chem A ; 125(1): 366-375, 2021 Jan 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33356252

RESUMO

Metalcyclopentadienyl complexes (MCp)+ (M = Fe, Ru, Os) bound to the large polyaromatic hydrogenated hydrocarbon (PAH) C96H24 used as a model for pristine graphene have been studied using a density functional theory (DFT) generalized gradient approximation (PBE functional) to reveal their structural features and dynamic behavior. The inter-ring haptotropic rearrangements (IRHRs) for these complexes were shown to occur via two transition states and one intermediate. The energy barriers of the η6 ⇌ η6 IRHRs of the (MCp)+ unit were found to be 30, 27, and 29 kcal/mol for M = Fe, Ru, and Os, respectively. These values are significantly lower than the values found previously for smaller PAHs. Both polar and nonpolar solvents were found not to affect significantly the energy barrier heights. Investigated transition metal complexes could be used in general as catalysts in the design of novel derivatives or materials with promising properties. Metalcyclopentadienyl complexes (MCp)+ of PAHs show catalytic properties mainly due to their structural details as well as their important characteristic of inter-ring haptotropic rearrangement. IRHRs take place usually by intramolecular mechanisms. During IRHRs, the MLn organometallic groups (OMGs) undergo shifting along the PAH plane and could coordinate additional reagents, which is important for catalysis. Large PAHs such as graphene, fullerenes, and nanotubes possess intrinsic anticancer activity, and numerous arene complexes of Ru and Os have been proven to have anticancer properties as well. We suppose that coordinating Ru or Os to very large PAHs could synergistically increase the anticancer activity of resulting complexes.

8.
Nanoscale ; 12(39): 20308-20316, 2020 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33001105

RESUMO

DFT calculations were carried out on a series of cluster cores, the framework of which was made of the condensation of several Pt@Ag12-centered icosahedra. Icosahedral condensations through vertex-sharing, face-sharing, and interpenetration were considered and their favored electron counts were determined from their stable closed-shell configurations. A large number of the computed assemblies of n icosahedral superatomic units can be considered as isolobal analogs of stable, closed-shell n-atom molecules, most of them obeying the octet rule. The larger the degree of fusion between icosahedra, the stronger the interaction between them. For example, it was possible to design 3-icosahedral supermolecular cores analogous to CO2, SF2, or [I3]-, but also to the not-yet-isolated cyclic O3. Supermolecules equivalent to non-stable molecules can also be designed. Indeed, differences exist between atoms and superatoms, and original icosahedra assemblies with no "molecular" analogs are also likely to exist, especially with compact structures and/or systems made of a large number of fused superatoms.

9.
J Am Chem Soc ; 141(33): 12957-12961, 2019 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31378060

RESUMO

Three bimetallic platinum/silver nanoclusters, PtAg20(dtp)12 (1), Pt2Ag33(dtp)17 (2), and Pt3Ag44(dtp)22 (3) (dtp: dipropyl dithiophosphate), with cluster electron counts of 8, 16, and 22, respectively, were produced via a one-phase coreduction method. Single-crystal X-ray structures reveal that their inner cores can be visualized as consisting of one, two, and three centered icosahedral Pt@Ag12 units, respectively. In 2 and 3, these units are vertex-sharing and are assembled linearly. Intriguingly, the 22-electron alloy (3) is isolobal to the linear triiodide anion, I3-, and represents the first example of a cluster made of three superatoms whose bonding characteristics are similar to those of a triatomic molecular species.

10.
Nanoscale ; 11(31): 14581-14586, 2019 Aug 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31359023

RESUMO

The synthesis, via a co-reduction method, of the first Pd-containing silver-rich 21-metal-atom nanocluster passivated by dithiolates, [PdAg20{S2P(OnPr)2}12] (1), is reported. 1 is an 8 electron superatom isoelectronic to [Ag21{S2P(OiPr)2}12]+. The doping of Pd in 1 leads to its high stability against degradation in solution and shows red emission in MeTHF at 77 K. In addition, we report the X-ray crystal structure of a multi-palladium doped silver nanocluster, [Pd6Ag14(S){S2P(OnPr)2}12] (2), for the first time. Its X-ray structure exhibits a sulfide-centered Pd6Ag2 rhombohedron surrounded by twelve additional silver atoms with S6 symmetry. The XPS study and DFT calculations indicate that 2 contains Pd(0) and Ag(i) metals. A significant decrease in the electrochemical gap was observed in the SWVs of 2.

11.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 21(16): 8428-8433, 2019 Apr 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30945710

RESUMO

DFT calculations were carried out on a series of tetrahedral 16-atom superatomic clusters having 20 or 18 jellium electrons (je) and structurally related to Au20, namely, [M16]4-/2- (M = Cu, Ag, and Au) and [M4'M12'']0/2+ (M' = Zn, Cd, Hg; M'' = Cu, Ag, Au). While the bare homonuclear 20-je species required further stabilization to be isolated, their 18-je counterparts exhibited better stability. Lowering the electron count led to structural modification from a compact structure (20-je) to a hollow sphere (18-je). Such a change could be potentially controlled by tuning redox properties. Among the 20-je heteronuclear [M4'M12''] neutral series, [Zn4Au12] appeared to meet the best stability criteria, but their 18-je relatives [M4'M12'']+, in particular [Zn4Cu12]2+ and [Cd4Au12]2+, offered better opportunities for obtaining stable species. Such species exhibit the smallest models for the M(111) surface of fcc metals, which expose designing rules towards novel high-dopant-ratio clusters as building blocks of nanostructured materials.

12.
Chem Sci ; 9(48): 8906-8913, 2018 Dec 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30647885

RESUMO

The isoelectronic M7 clusters [Cu3Zn4](Cp*)5 (1) and {[Cu2Zn5](Cp*)5}+ (2) are described. While 1 can be isolated only as a minor side product from the reaction of Cu(CH3CO2) with equimolar amounts of [Zn2Cp*2] with the trigonal cluster [CuZn2](Cp*)3 as the major product, 2 is available in acceptable yields from the reaction of [CuZn2](Cp*)3 with the Cp*Zn2-transfer-reagent [Cp*Zn2(Et2O)3][BAr4 F]. The trigonal bipyramidal Cu/Zn-clusters exhibit exceptional bonding situations: with formally only one skeleton electron pair they can be regarded as highly electron deficient. However, a detailed DFT analysis reveals that the cluster bonding is supported by 3d orbital contributions of the trigonal metal base unit. The data contribute to the development of an advanced tool-box for synthesis of Hume-Rothery intermetallic (e.g. brass) inspired clusters.

13.
Chemistry ; 23(47): 11330-11337, 2017 Aug 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28628726

RESUMO

Coinage-metal atomically precise nanoclusters are made of a well-defined metallic core embedded in a ligand-protecting outer shell. Whereas gold derivatives are particularly well documented, examples of silver nanoclusters are somewhat limited and copper species remain particularly scare. Our DFT relativistic calculations on superatomic metallic cores indicate that copper species are almost as stable as gold clusters and more stable than their silver counterparts. Thus, for silver superatomic cores, the role of the stabilizing ligands is more crucial in the stabilization of the overall structure, in comparison to copper and gold. Hence, the chemistry of the earlier counterparts of gold, especially copper, should grow quickly with at least characterizations of species related to that found in the heavier elements in the triad, which requires tackling synthetic challenges. Time-dependent (TD)-DFT calculations show that with an increase of the cluster core nuclearity, the absorption bands are redshifted, allowing us to differentiate between the clusters types. Moreover, the optical properties of the silver cores are fairly different from that of their Cu and Au relatives.

14.
Inorg Chem ; 53(2): 931-4, 2014 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24397556

RESUMO

Li(+)/H(+) exchange was performed on Li5La3Nb2O12 using CH3COOH. After X-ray powder diffraction experiments to check the quality of Li5-xHxLa3Nb2O12, the chemical formulation was determined by thermogravimetric analysis coupled with mass spectrometry and flame photometry. The results showed unambiguously that the Li(+)/H(+) exchange was not total and that some CH3COOH remained in the sample. Raman experiments revealed in addition that the organic contribution on the spectrum was due either to metal acetate or to ionic bond to the crystal.

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