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1.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-964921

RESUMO

Parkinson's disease (PD) is a chronic neurodegenerative disease commonly seen in middle-aged and elderly people, and aging is the largest risk factor for PD. With acceleration of the aging process in China, the wellbeing and life quality of the elderly are expected to be disturbed by increasing prevalence of PD. The Community-based Cohort Study on Nervous System Diseases (CCSNSD) has established community population-based cohorts of epilepsy, Alzheimer's disease, and PD, respectively; baseline survey and one round of follow-up have finished so far. The CCSNSD collected data on demographics, community environment, diet, lifestyle, cognition, history of chronic diseases, and PD-related risk factors and facilitated exploration of the relationship between dietary nutrition and PD-related outcomes. This special column described status on prodromal Parkinson's disease (pPD) risk and its demographic & economic differences among people aged 55 and above in four provinces of China, and investigated the associations of red meat and processed meat products intake , dairy products intake, and cognitive function with pPD risk, respectively. Furthermore, one paper reviewed previous studies on dietary nutrition, lifestyle, and PD risks. However, the follow-up time of CCSNSD was relatively short as of the publishing of this column, longer follow-ups are required to allow studying potential factors and risk of incident PD combined with clinical examination and diagnosis of PD.

2.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-935261

RESUMO

As food preferences and eating habits form early in life, the development of healthy eating habits in early childhood is a way to prevent diet-related diseases. The dietary pattern approach examines the effect of an overall diet on health outcomes, instead of individual foods or nutrients, thereby presenting a comprehensive evaluation of children's dietary intake. This article reviews the current literature to summarize the main methods for assessing dietary patterns and explore relationships between children's dietary patterns and obesity, puberty onset, cardiovascular diseases, and neurodevelopment. The purpose of this review is to provide evidence-based support for reducing the risk of diet-related diseases in children and recommendations for future research directions.


Assuntos
Criança , Pré-Escolar , Humanos , Dieta , Ingestão de Alimentos , Comportamento Alimentar , Preferências Alimentares , Obesidade/prevenção & controle
3.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-960514

RESUMO

Background Diabetes is a major contributor to global burden of disease. The role of magnesium in the prevention of diabetes has aroused concern. However, the research results on the impact of dietary magnesium on the risk of diabetes are hitherto inconsistent. Objective To evaluate the association between dietary magnesium intake and the risk of diabetes through a systematic review. Methods PubMed, Web of Science, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang databases were searched for prospective studies that contained risk estimates for magnesium intake-associated diabetes and were published from January 1, 2000 to December 31, 2021. Two researchers independently screened the literature according to a set of pre-prepared inclusion and exclusion criteria, extracted the data according to an unified data extraction table, and evaluated the quality of included articles with Newcastle-Ottawa Scale (NOS). R 4.0.3 software and Stata SE16.0 software were used for meta-analysis and subgroup meta-analysis, and Higgins I2 statistics were used to test the heterogeneity of the included studies. The sources of heterogeneity were analyzed by univariate meta regression. Results A total of 14 articles involving 17 prospective cohort studies (1065267 participants and 40506 patients with diabetes) were included in the study. The NOS scores ranged from 8 to 9, with an average of 8.6, indicating that the included studies were classified as being high quality. The highest quintile of magnesium intake group reduced the risk of diabetes by 22% (RR=0.78, 95%CI: 0.73-0.82) compared with the lowest quintile group. This association was not substantially modified by geographic region, sex, or follow-up length. The highest quintile of dietary magnesium intake in the Americas and Asia were associated with 22% and 26% reductions in the risk of type 2 diabetes respectively compared with the lowest quintile group (the Americas, RR=0.78, 95%CI: 0.73-0.84; Asia, RR=0.74, 95%CI: 0.63-0.88); The highest quintile of dietary magnesium intake in female, male and without gender stratified were associated with 22%, 19% and 46% reductions in the risk of type 2 diabetes respectively compared with the lowest quintile group (Female RR=0.78, 95%CI: 0.73-0.84; Male RR=0.81, 95%CI: 0.74-0.89; Both RR=0.54, 95%CI: 0.42-0.68); Compared with the lowest quintile groups, the groups with the highest quintile of dietary magnesium intake with a follow-up time of less than 10 years and more than 10 years reduced the risk of type 2 diabetes by 26% and 20% respectively (≤10 years, RR=0.74, 95%CI: 0.65-0.83; >10 years, RR=0.80, 95%CI: 0.75-0.85). After adjusting for hypertension, the highest quintile of dietary magnesium intake group reduced the risk of type 2 diabetes by 20% compared with the lowest quintile group (RR=0.80, 95%CI: 0.74-0.85). The year of publication (P<0.05) or the sex of the subjects (P<0.05) may be the source of heterogeneity by meta regression test. The results of Egger’s test for funnel plot asymmetry suggested publication bias. Conclusion The combined data supports a role for high magnesium intake in reducing the risk of type 2 diabetes. Because it is difficult to separate the effect of magnesium intake on diabetes risk from other factors, large-scale and clinical randomized controlled trials are needed to directly assess the impact of magnesium on the incidence rate of diabetes.

4.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-960513

RESUMO

Background At present, domestic and foreign studies on the association between dietary magnesium and diabetes risk are not consistent, and there are relatively few prospective studies in China and the study population is relatively limited. Objective To explore the association between dietary magnesium intake and diabetes risk in Chinese adults in 15 provinces (autonomous regions, municipalities), and to provide a scientific basis for revising dietary magnesium intake reference for Chinese residents. Methods A total of 8061 adults aged 18-64 who participated in at least two follow-up surveys in the China Health and Nutrition Survey in 2009, 2015, and 2018, had complete survey data, and did not report diabetes at baseline were selected as subjects. Food consumption data were collected from 3-day 24-hour dietary recalls and by weighing household cooking oil and condiments. The average daily dietary magnesium intake was calculated based on the food composition table. Multiple Cox proportional risk regression model and restricted cubic spline (RCS) model were used to analyze the association and dose-response relationship between dietary magnesium intake and diabetes risk. Diabetes was defined according to the Chinese Guidelines for the Prevention and Treatment of Type 2 Diabetes (2020 edition). Results A total of 47237.46 person-years were followed up, with an average follow-up of 5.86 years. Among 8061 subjects, the incidence rate was 8.86%. Compared with those in the top quintile of magnesium intake (Q5), those with lower dietary magnesium intake were more likely to be female, have higher income, higher education, live in urban areas, and have lower intakes of energy, dietary fiber, and dietary calcium. After adjusting for demographic characteristics, lifestyle, and dietary factors, compared with adults in the lowest quintile of dietary magnesium intake, the results of Cox proportional risk regression model showed that the second (median: 220.96 mg·d−1), third (median: 263.01 mg·d−1), and fourth (median: 312.33mg·d−1) quintile dietary magnesium intake reduced the risk of diabetes by 45% (HR=0.55, 95%CI: 0.43-0.71), 39% (HR=0.61, 95%CI: 0.47-0.78), and 34% (HR=0.66, 95%CI: 0.51-0.78), respectively. The results of RCS analysis showed that dietary magnesium intake and the risk of diabetes were U-shaped overall. Taking the 5th percentile magnesium intake as reference, when dietary magnesium intake was lower than 240 mg·d−1, the risk of diabetes gradually decreased with the increase of magnesium intake; the risk was the lowest at 240 mg·d−1, followed by a slight increase in risk at 240-400 mg·d−1; and no statistical difference presented in the association between dietary magnesium and diabetes risk after 650 mg·d−1. Conclusion The study findings suggest an association between dietary magnesium intake and diebetes risk. The association is negative and non-linear when dietary magnesium intake is below 240 mg·d−1.

5.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-960512

RESUMO

Background Magnesium plays an important physiological role in human, but the association between dietary magnesium intake and the risk of hypertension is unclear. Few studies have reported the dose-response relationship in Chinese population. Objective To analyze the relationship between dietary magnesium intake and the risk of hypertension in Chinese adults aged 18-64 years, and to explore the dose-response relationship. Methods A total of 13082 adults aged 18-64 years who participated in at least two rounds of the China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS) from 2000 to 2018 were selected. Dietary data were obtained by consecutive 3-day 24-hour dietary recall and weighting & bookkeeping method. Blood pressure was measured with a standard mercury sphygmomanometer. Hypertension was diagnosed when systolic blood pressure ≥140 mmHg and/or diastolic blood pressure ≥90 mmHg, or self-reported hypertension history or using antihypertensive drugs. The mean of dietary magnesium intake in all survey years (excluding the last survey) was used as the dietary magnesium intake of the subject, and the mean of dietary magnesium intake was divided into 5 equal groups. Cox proportional risk model with adjustments for socio-demographic factors, body mass index (BMI), smoking and drinking, sleep time, physical activity, and dietary factors, was used to analyze the association between dietary magnesium intake and the risk of hypertension. A sensitivity analysis was conducted by excluding baseline diabetes patients and adjusting for baseline blood pressure. In addition, a restricted cubic spline model was used to analyze the dose-response relationship between them. Results In this study, male participants accounted for 47.70%, and those aged 18-44 years accounted for 72.47%. The mean follow-up time was 12.56 years and the prevalence of hypertension was 13.86%. Dietary magnesium intake was inversely associated with the risk of hypertension at the 4th quintile (median 333.56 mg·d−1) and the 5th quintile (median 420.07 mg·d−1) compared with the 1st quintile (median 189.06 mg·d–1), and the hazard risk (HR) values and associated 95%CIs were 0.81 (0.67-0.97) and 0.81 (0.66-0.99) respectively. After eliminating baseline diabetes and adjusting baseline blood pressure, dietary magnesium intake remained negatively associated with the risk of hypertension, which was consistent with the population-wide HR. The association between dietary magnesium intake and the risk of hypertension was non-linear (χ2=11.07, P=0.01). When dietary magnesium intake was higher than 339 mg·d−1, the risk of hypertension decreased, and the HR value was the lowest in 375-418 mg·d−1 (HR=0.65, 95%CI: 0.45-0.94), and then gradually tended to 1. There was no statistically significant association at 467 mg·d−1 and above. Conclusion Magnesium intake in the range of 339-467 mg·d−1 is negatively associated with the risk of hypertension in Chinese adults, presenting a U-shaped dose-response relationship.

6.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-960511

RESUMO

Background Magnesium is an important nutrient, and participates in most metabolic processes. Many studies show an association between dietary magnesium intakes and nutrition-related diseases such as diabetes. However, the data of dietary magnesium intakes and secular trends among the whole life cycle of Chinese residents are not available. Objective To investigate the dietary magnesium intakes and associated secular trends over the past three decades in residents of all ages and China, to identify the high-risk residents of magnesium deficiency and plan nutritional interventions, and provide basic data support for the revision of dietary magnesium reference intake. Method The data came from the 10 rounds of the "China Health and Nutrition Survey" from 1991 to 2018, and the participants with complete sociodemographic and dietary data wereselected. The median intakes, insufficient rates, and secular trends of dietary magnesium intakes were analyzed in different survey years. Analysis of multiple linear regression was used to analyze the annual change characteristics of dietary magnesium intakes controlling gender, age, education, urban-rural stratum, and north-south region. Wilcoxon trend test was used to analyze the secular trends of dietary magnesium intakes in different characteristic groups. The trends of insufficient rate were analyzed by Cochran-Armitage trend test among different characteristic groups. Results A total of 127169 residents were included in the present study. The medians of dietary magnesium intakes in 1991, 1993, 1997, 2000, 2004, 2006, 2009, 2011, 2015, and 2018 were 283.70, 283.38, 304.26, 285.50, 283.64, 275.49, 267.92, 242.93, 240.51, and 238.89 mg·d−1, respectively, showing a significant downward trend (F=2931.81, P<0.001). Dietary magnesium intakes showed significant differences in gender, age, education level, income level, urban-rural stratum, and north-south region in almost all survey years, except that there was no significant difference among different income groups in 1991. Insufficient rate of dietary magnesium intake showed a significant upward trend (Z=62.62, P<0.001), approximate 60% of Chinese residents consumed insufficient magnesium. The insufficient rate was 53.94% for male and 65.35% for female, and the insufficient rate in the 14-17 age group was as high as 71.29%. Conclusion The dietary magnesium intake shows a significant downward trend and insufficient intake of dietary magnesium is prevalent among Chinese population. It is necessary to observe the high-risk population and conduct relevant nutritional interventions, as well as to further assess the recommended intake of magnesium.

7.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-960510

RESUMO

Background Global dietary magnesium insufficiency is widespread and seriously harmful to human health. There are few studies on dietary magnesium intake in China, and associated dietary intervention lacks scientific support. Objective To explore the dietary magnesium intake level and food sources of Chinese adults aged 18-64 in 2018, and to identify the problems of dietary magnesium intake. Methods A total of 9181 residents in the 2018 "China Health and Nutrition Survey" were selected as the study subjects. Types and intake of food collected from consecutive 3-day 24-hour dietary recalls and by household condiment weighing and counting method. The average daily dietary magnesium intake and the composition of main food sources were calculated using the food composition table. Multiple logistic regression was used to analyze the relationship between socioeconomic factors and insufficient dietary magnesium intake. Results In 2018, the daily intake of magnesium in P50 (P25, P75) of adults aged 18-64 in 15 provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities) of China was 252.28 (196.25, 326.27) mg. The proportion of residents with insufficient dietary magnesium intake was 60.9%. The proportions of women, adults aged 18-49, urban residents, southern region residents, and western regions residents with insufficient dietary magnesium intake were 66.4%, 63.4%, 62.4%, 65.2%, and 68.3%, respectively. The results of multiple logistic regression analysis showed that the risks of insufficient dietary magnesium intake were 64.6%, 24.6%, and 43.6% higher in women, urban residents, and southern region residents than those in men, rural residents, and northern region residents, respectively (OR=1.646, 95%CI: 1.509-1.794; OR=1.246, 95%CI: 1.126-1.379; OR=1.436, 95%CI: 1.311-1.573); the risk of insufficient dietary magnesium intake in residents aged 50-64 was 15.7% lower than that in residents aged 18-49 (OR=0.843, 95%CI: 0.771-0.921); the risks of insufficient magnesium intake in residents in middle and western areas were 1.202 times and 1.590 times of that in residents in eastern area (OR=1.202, 95%CI: 1.079-1.340; OR=1.590, 95%CI: 1.424-1.776). The effect of education level and income level on magnesium intake insufficiency was not observed (P>0.05). In addition, 41.4% of dietary magnesium of the subjects came from cereals and products (ranking first in food sources), and only 2.4% from dark vegetables with rich magnesium content (ranking sixth place). The top six dietary magnesium sources of men and women were the same. The proportion of dietary magnesium from cereals and products was 6.3% higher in rural residents than in urban residents, and 9.3% higher in residents living in northern regions than those in southern regions. The proportion of dietary magnesium from livestock meat and products was 1.3% higher in the 18-49 age group than in the 50-64 age group, 0.9% higher in urban residents than in rural residents, and 1.6% higher in western region residents than in eastern region residents. Conclusion The dietary magnesium intake of Chinese residents is generally insufficient, and the source of dietary magnesium is irrational. Women, residents aged 18-49, residents in southern, middle, and western areas are high-risk populations of dietary magnesium insufficiency. Chinese residents are encouraged to eat more dark vegetables and whole grain food; women should improve their dietary quality and intake diverse magnesium-rich food; southern region residents and urban residents should increase the intake of whole grains and avoid over refining food; residents aged 18-49, urban residents, and those in western regions should adjust their dietary structure and reduce meat intake.

8.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-909808

RESUMO

Objective:To investigate the clinical characteristics of patients with aspergillus spondylitis, and to provide reference for timely diagnosis and treatment.Methods:The clinical manifestations, imaging performance, laboratory examination results, diagnosis and treatment outcomes of six patients with confirmed aspergillus spondylitis in Department of Infectious Diseases, Henan Provincial People′s Hospital during April 30, 2015 and May 1, 2020 were retrospectively analyzed.Results:The main manifestations of six patients were fever and neck pain or low back pain. The time from the onset of clinical manifestations to diagnosis was more than two months to 14 months. Spine magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed long T1 and T2 signals on vertebral body, high pressure lipid signal, obvious enhanced scan enhancement, and paravertebral abscess formation might be presented. Among the six patients, C-reactive protein increased in four patients, erythrocyte sedimentation rate increased in five patients, β-D-glucan test (G test) increased in three patients, galactomannan antigen test (GM test) increased in four patients. Six patients with aspergillus spondylitis were all confirmed by biopsy of diseased tissue for fungal smear, tissue culture or metagenomics next generation sequencing. After treatment with voriconazole or itraconazole, five patients recovered and one patient was still under treatment.Conclusions:The clinical manifestations and imaging examination of patients with aspergillus spondylitis are nonspecific. Peripheral blood G test and GM test need to be combined for diagnosis. The diagnosis depends on tissue puncture pathology examination, and the metagenomics next generation sequencing is needed if necessary.

9.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 526-529, 2019.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-778855

RESUMO

ObjectiveTo investigate the clinical effect and safety of sofosbuvir (SOF)-ledipasvir (LDV) in the treatment of patients with HCV genotype 6a chronic hepatitis C (CHC). MethodsA total of 63 patients with HCV genotype 6a CHC who visited Department of Infectious Diseases, Henan Provincial People’s Hospital and Nanfang Hospital, from October 2014 to December 2016 were enrolled in this prospective observational study. They were divided into SOF-LDV group (treated with SOF-LDV for 12 weeks) and PR group (treated with pegylated interferon combined with ribavirin for 24 weeks). HCV RNA was measured during treatment and follow-up, and virologic response was evaluated. The chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical data between two groups, and the Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of continuous data between two groups. ResultsThere were no significant differences between the PR group and the SOF-LDV group in rapid virologic response rate (85.3% vs 100%, P>0.05) and virologic response rate at the end of treatment (94.1% vs 100%, P>005). The SOF-LDV group had a significantly higher sustained virologic response rate than the PR group (96.4% vs 73.5%, χ2=438, P=0.036). The PR group had a significantly higher incidence rate of adverse events than the SOF-LDV group(χ2=754,P=0006). During follow-up, one patient with liver cirrhosis in the SOF-LDV group developed small hepatocellular carcinoma, while no patient in the PR group developed liver cancer at the end of follow-up. ConclusionSOF-LDV for 12 weeks is safe and effective in the treatment of HCV genotype 6a CHC, but liver cancer should be closely monitored in patients with liver cirrhosis.

10.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 526-529, 2019.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-778820

RESUMO

ObjectiveTo investigate the clinical effect and safety of sofosbuvir (SOF)-ledipasvir (LDV) in the treatment of patients with HCV genotype 6a chronic hepatitis C (CHC). MethodsA total of 63 patients with HCV genotype 6a CHC who visited Department of Infectious Diseases, Henan Provincial People’s Hospital and Nanfang Hospital, from October 2014 to December 2016 were enrolled in this prospective observational study. They were divided into SOF-LDV group (treated with SOF-LDV for 12 weeks) and PR group (treated with pegylated interferon combined with ribavirin for 24 weeks). HCV RNA was measured during treatment and follow-up, and virologic response was evaluated. The chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical data between two groups, and the Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of continuous data between two groups. ResultsThere were no significant differences between the PR group and the SOF-LDV group in rapid virologic response rate (85.3% vs 100%, P>0.05) and virologic response rate at the end of treatment (94.1% vs 100%, P>005). The SOF-LDV group had a significantly higher sustained virologic response rate than the PR group (96.4% vs 73.5%, χ2=438, P=0.036). The PR group had a significantly higher incidence rate of adverse events than the SOF-LDV group(χ2=754,P=0006). During follow-up, one patient with liver cirrhosis in the SOF-LDV group developed small hepatocellular carcinoma, while no patient in the PR group developed liver cancer at the end of follow-up. ConclusionSOF-LDV for 12 weeks is safe and effective in the treatment of HCV genotype 6a CHC, but liver cancer should be closely monitored in patients with liver cirrhosis.

11.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-805565

RESUMO

Excessive salt intake is an important risk factor of diseases such as hypertension, stroke, and stomach cancer. China is one of countries with high salt intake in the world. Recently, the intake of sodium from pre-packaged foods in China has been increasing, and the situation of salt control is rigorous. Based on the summary of the domestic and international experience of salt reduction, the "Guidelines for Salt Reduction in Chinese Food Industry" presents the basic principles, targets at different stages within various categories, technical routes, steps and measures, and social environment co-construction of salt reduction in Chinese food industry. This article focuses on the background, basis, process, key content and promotion of the guideline. The implementation of this guideline will contribute to the vigorous advancement of salt reduction action in Chinese food industry.

12.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 904-908, 2018.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-738069

RESUMO

Objective To analyze the prevalence and co-prevalence of cardio metabolic (CM) risk factors in adults in China.Methods The project data of 2015 Nutritional Status and Health Transition of Chinese Residents were used,and 5 456 adults aged 18-59 years with complete sociodemographic,anthropometric,and blood biochemical data were selected as the study subjects.The definition released by the International Diabetes Federation in 2005 were used to define each CM risk factors,including central obesity,elevated TG,reduced HDL-C,elevated blood pressure and elevated FPG.The co-prevalence of the risk factors was defined as adults having ≥2 risk factors.Multivariable logistic regression analysis was performed to evaluate the relationship between CM risk and socio-demographic factors.Results About 80.8% of adults had at least 1 risk factor,and 54.0% had co-prevalence of risk factors.Gender,age,education level and living area were significantly associated with the prevalence of major metabolic risk factors.After adjusting for other factors,compared with men,women were more likely to have central obesity and reduced HDL-C,but not more likely to have elevated blood pressure,elevated FPG and elevated TG (P<0.01).Compared with adults aged 18-44 years,adults aged 45-59 years were more likely to have central obesity,elevated blood pressure,elevated FPG and elevated TG (P<0.01).The odds of having central obesity,elevated blood pressure and elevated fasting plasma glucose in the adults in eastern China were significantly higher than those in the central and western China.Conclusions In 2015,less than 20% of the adults aged 18-59 years in China had no cardio metabolic risk factors,and more than half of them had two or more risk factors.Gender,age and living areas were the major influencing factors.It is necessary to take effective intervention measures targeting adults at high-risk for the early prevention of cardiovascular disease.

13.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 898-903, 2018.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-738068

RESUMO

Objective To investigate the drinking status and associated factors in adults in China.Methods Based on the 2010-2012 China National Nutrition and Health Survey (CNNHS),a total of 135 824 participants aged ≥18 were included in this cross-sectional analysis.Multivariable logistic regression model was used to investigate the associated factors for drinking status.Results The overall drinking rate was 30.5% in Chinese adults,53.8% in men,and 12.2% in women.The excessive drinking rate was 14.0% in men and 1.1% in women.The daily drinking rate was 25.7% in men and 10.9% in women.Men mainly consumed multi-type wines,but women preferred beer.The overall harmful drinking rate was 7.1%.The excessive drinking rate,daily drinking rate,and harmful drinking rate increased first but then declined with age.All the four rates were positively related with physical activity.Conclusions The drinking rate,excessive drinking rate,daily drinking rate and harmful drinking rate were high in adults in China.Drinking status was associated with age,sex,marital status,education level,smoking status and physical activity.

14.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 892-897, 2018.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-738067

RESUMO

Objective To explore the relationship between meat consumption and metabolic syndrome (MS) in Chinese adults aged ≥18 years.Methods The data were obtained from 2010-2012 National Nutrition and Health Survey.A total of 34 923 subjects who completed the dietary survey,the physical examination and had the testing results of blood sugar and blood lipid levels were enrolled in this study.MS was defined according to the diagnostic criteria of China Diabetes Society 2013.The prevalence ratios of MS and each form of MS and related 95%CI were calculated after post stratification weight according to the population data (2009) released by the national bureau of statistics.Results The average meat intake among subjects was 94.8 g/d.People who had meat consumption between 100 g/d and 199 g/d had the lowest prevalence of MS,abdominal obesity and hyperglycemia.As the meat consumption increased,the prevalence of MS in men increased.Men who had meat consumption of ≥300 g/d had a higher risk of MS than those who had low level of meat consumption,with prevalence ratio equaled to 1.46 (95%CI:1.14 ~ 1.87).Similar trend was not observed in women.Conclusion Moderate intake of meat is associated with reduced risk of MS in Chinese adults.

15.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 873-875, 2018.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-738063

RESUMO

Public nutrition is related to the improvement of population health and the development of social economy.Nutrition and health survey can provide indispensable information for public health and disease prevention and control to improve people's nutritional and health status and support the policy making of food production and chronic diseases prevention and control.In recent years,China's nutritional supply capacity has increased significantly.Our people's nutritional and health status has improved significantly.The articles published in "Nutrition and Health Survey" column come from nutrition surveys both at the national and provincial level.They are making full use of data to give information on not only nutritional and health status of residents throughout the country,but also regional features.These results will provide a detailed and reliable reference for both national and regional nutrition and health policy and strategy making.At present,China's nutrition work faces many challenges.China's Party Central Committee and the State Council always places great emphasis on people's nutritional and health status.In order to promote the health of the whole population in our country,our government has implemented a number of nutrition promotion policies or strategies.Chinese nutrition and health survey will further evaluate the effect of these movements.

16.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 904-908, 2018.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-736601

RESUMO

Objective To analyze the prevalence and co-prevalence of cardio metabolic (CM) risk factors in adults in China.Methods The project data of 2015 Nutritional Status and Health Transition of Chinese Residents were used,and 5 456 adults aged 18-59 years with complete sociodemographic,anthropometric,and blood biochemical data were selected as the study subjects.The definition released by the International Diabetes Federation in 2005 were used to define each CM risk factors,including central obesity,elevated TG,reduced HDL-C,elevated blood pressure and elevated FPG.The co-prevalence of the risk factors was defined as adults having ≥2 risk factors.Multivariable logistic regression analysis was performed to evaluate the relationship between CM risk and socio-demographic factors.Results About 80.8% of adults had at least 1 risk factor,and 54.0% had co-prevalence of risk factors.Gender,age,education level and living area were significantly associated with the prevalence of major metabolic risk factors.After adjusting for other factors,compared with men,women were more likely to have central obesity and reduced HDL-C,but not more likely to have elevated blood pressure,elevated FPG and elevated TG (P<0.01).Compared with adults aged 18-44 years,adults aged 45-59 years were more likely to have central obesity,elevated blood pressure,elevated FPG and elevated TG (P<0.01).The odds of having central obesity,elevated blood pressure and elevated fasting plasma glucose in the adults in eastern China were significantly higher than those in the central and western China.Conclusions In 2015,less than 20% of the adults aged 18-59 years in China had no cardio metabolic risk factors,and more than half of them had two or more risk factors.Gender,age and living areas were the major influencing factors.It is necessary to take effective intervention measures targeting adults at high-risk for the early prevention of cardiovascular disease.

17.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 898-903, 2018.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-736600

RESUMO

Objective To investigate the drinking status and associated factors in adults in China.Methods Based on the 2010-2012 China National Nutrition and Health Survey (CNNHS),a total of 135 824 participants aged ≥18 were included in this cross-sectional analysis.Multivariable logistic regression model was used to investigate the associated factors for drinking status.Results The overall drinking rate was 30.5% in Chinese adults,53.8% in men,and 12.2% in women.The excessive drinking rate was 14.0% in men and 1.1% in women.The daily drinking rate was 25.7% in men and 10.9% in women.Men mainly consumed multi-type wines,but women preferred beer.The overall harmful drinking rate was 7.1%.The excessive drinking rate,daily drinking rate,and harmful drinking rate increased first but then declined with age.All the four rates were positively related with physical activity.Conclusions The drinking rate,excessive drinking rate,daily drinking rate and harmful drinking rate were high in adults in China.Drinking status was associated with age,sex,marital status,education level,smoking status and physical activity.

18.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 892-897, 2018.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-736599

RESUMO

Objective To explore the relationship between meat consumption and metabolic syndrome (MS) in Chinese adults aged ≥18 years.Methods The data were obtained from 2010-2012 National Nutrition and Health Survey.A total of 34 923 subjects who completed the dietary survey,the physical examination and had the testing results of blood sugar and blood lipid levels were enrolled in this study.MS was defined according to the diagnostic criteria of China Diabetes Society 2013.The prevalence ratios of MS and each form of MS and related 95%CI were calculated after post stratification weight according to the population data (2009) released by the national bureau of statistics.Results The average meat intake among subjects was 94.8 g/d.People who had meat consumption between 100 g/d and 199 g/d had the lowest prevalence of MS,abdominal obesity and hyperglycemia.As the meat consumption increased,the prevalence of MS in men increased.Men who had meat consumption of ≥300 g/d had a higher risk of MS than those who had low level of meat consumption,with prevalence ratio equaled to 1.46 (95%CI:1.14 ~ 1.87).Similar trend was not observed in women.Conclusion Moderate intake of meat is associated with reduced risk of MS in Chinese adults.

19.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 873-875, 2018.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-736595

RESUMO

Public nutrition is related to the improvement of population health and the development of social economy.Nutrition and health survey can provide indispensable information for public health and disease prevention and control to improve people's nutritional and health status and support the policy making of food production and chronic diseases prevention and control.In recent years,China's nutritional supply capacity has increased significantly.Our people's nutritional and health status has improved significantly.The articles published in "Nutrition and Health Survey" column come from nutrition surveys both at the national and provincial level.They are making full use of data to give information on not only nutritional and health status of residents throughout the country,but also regional features.These results will provide a detailed and reliable reference for both national and regional nutrition and health policy and strategy making.At present,China's nutrition work faces many challenges.China's Party Central Committee and the State Council always places great emphasis on people's nutritional and health status.In order to promote the health of the whole population in our country,our government has implemented a number of nutrition promotion policies or strategies.Chinese nutrition and health survey will further evaluate the effect of these movements.

20.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1694-1698, 2017.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-737900

RESUMO

Objective To study the influence of diet and behavior related factors on the peripheral blood triglyceride levels in adults,through a cross-sectional survey.Methods The current study included 13 434 subjects without histories of major chronic diseases from a population-based cross-sectional survey:the 2010 Metabolic Syndrome Survey in Zhejiang Province.A generalized linear model was used to investigate the influence of diet/behavior-related factors on the peripheral blood triglyceride levels.Results Mean TG of the sample population appeared as (1.36± 1.18) mmol/L.The proportions of elevated TG and marginally elevated TG were 10.3% and 11.0% respectively,with statistically significant difference seen between males and females (x2=44.135,P<0.001).In this sampled population,the daily intake of cooking oil was exceeding the recommendation levels by over 50% while the intake of fruit,milk,nuts and physical exercise were much below the recommendation.There were statistically significant differences between smoking,alcohol-intake,meat,fruit and water intake in male population from this study.However,in females,the intake of aquatic product and physical exercise showed statistically significant differences.After controlling for other variables,factors as age,drinking,staple food and aquatic products showed positive influence on TG,while milk presented negative influence on TG.Through interaction analysis,fruit and meat intake in males and staple food in females showed positive influence on TG,when compared to the reference group.Conclusion Hyperglyceridemia appeared as one of the major metabolic abnormities in Zhejiang province.Programs on monitoring the alcohol,staple food and meat intake should be priority on intervention,in the communities.

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