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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33404364

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Develop an in vivo near-infrared (NIR) fluorescence imaging assay to quantify sequential changes in lung vascular permeability-surface area product (PS) in rodents. METHODS: Dynamic NIR imaging methods for determining lung vascular permeability-surface area product were developed and tested on non-irradiated and 13 Gy irradiated rats with/without treatment with lisinopril. A physiologically-based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) model of Indocyanine Green (ICG) pulmonary disposition was applied to in vivo imaging data and PS was estimated. In vivo results were validated by five accepted assays: ex vivo perfused lung imaging, endothelial filtration coefficient (Kf) measurement, pulmonary vascular resistance measurement, Evan's blue dye uptake and histopathology. RESULTS: PBPK modeled lung PS increased from 2.60±0.40 [CL: 2.42-2.78] mL/min in the non-irradiated group to 6.94±8.25 [CL: 3.56-10.31] mL/min in 13 Gy group after 42 days. Lisinopril treatment lowered PS in the 13Gy group to 4.76±6.17 [CL: 2.12-7.40] mL/min. A higher 5X change in PS was observed in rats exhibiting severe radiation injury. Ex vivo Kf (mL/min/cm H2O/g dry lung weight), a measure of pulmonary vascular permeability, showed similar trends in lungs of irradiated rats (0.164±0.081 [CL: 0.11-0.22]) compared to non-irradiated controls (0.022±0.003 [CL: 0.019-0.025]), with reduction to 0.070±0.035 [CL: 0.045-0.096] for irradiated rats treated with lisinopril. Similar trends were observed for ex vivo pulmonary vascular resistance, Evan's blue uptake, and histopathology. CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that dynamic in vivo NIR fluorescence imaging can replace current terminal assays. In vivo imaging accurately tracks changes in PS and lung interstitial transport in response to radiation injury.

2.
J Sci Food Agric ; 2021 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33417244

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The levels and ratios of sugar and acid are important contributors to fruit taste. Kumquat is one of the most economically important citrus crops, but the information on the soluble sugar and organic acid metabolism in kumquat is limited. Here, two kumquat varieties, 'Rongan' (RA) and its mutant 'Huapi' (HP), were used to assess the soluble sugar and organic acid accumulation and the related genes. RESULTS: Soluble sugars include sucrose, glucose, and fructose while malate, quinic acid, and citrate are the dominant organic acids in the fruits of both kumquat varieties. 'HP' accumulated more sugars but fewer organic acids than those in 'RA'. Transcriptome analysis revealed 63 and 40 differentially expressed genes involved in soluble sugar and organic acid accumulation, respectively. The genes associated with sugar synthesis and transport including SUS, SPS, TST, STP, and ERD6L were up-regulated, while INVs, FRK and HXK genes related to sugar degradation were down-regulated in 'HP' kumquat. For organic acids, the up-regulation of PEPC and NAD-MDH could accelerate malate accumulation. In contrast, high expression of NAD-IDH and GS resulted in citric acid degradation during 'HP' fruit development. Additionally, the PK, PDH, PEPCK, and FBPase genes responsible for the interconversion of soluble sugars and organic acids were also significantly altered in the early development stages in 'HP'. CONCLUSION: The high sugar accumulation in 'HP' fruit was associated with up-regulation of SUS, SPS, TST, STP and ERD6L genes. The PEPCK, PEPC, NAD-MDH, NADP-IDH, GS, and FBPase genes played important roles in acid synthesis and degradation in 'HP' kumquat. These findings provide further information into understanding the mechanisms underlying sugars and organic acid metabolism in citrus. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

3.
Alzheimers Dement ; 2021 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33410588

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) are at a high risk of cognitive impairment, with insulin resistance playing a pivotal role. ß-site amyloid precursor protein cleaving enzyme 1 (BACE1) is considered a predictor of Alzheimer's disease. However, the potential roles of BACE1 in insulin resistance and the risk of cognitive impairment in T2DM remain unclear. METHODS: We measured plasma BACE1 levels, BACE1 cleavage activities for Swedish mutant amyloid precursor protein (APPsw) and insulin receptor ß subunit (INSR-ß), and soluble INSR (sINSR) levels in a clinical cohort study. RESULTS: T2DM patients with or without cognitive impairment exhibited elevated plasma BACE1 levels and BACE1 enzymatic activities for APPsw and INSR-ß, and sINSR levels. Moreover, the glycemic status correlated with elevated BACE1 levels and BACE1-mediated INSR cleavage, which was associated with insulin resistance. DISCUSSION: The elevated BACE1 levels in T2DM may contribute to increasing the cognitive impairment risk through both amyloidogenesis and insulin resistance.

5.
BMC Surg ; 21(1): 3, 2021 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33397333

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We aimed to explore the relationship between the neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and the early clinical outcomes in children with congenital heart disease (CHD) associated with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) after cardiac surgery. METHODS: A retrospective observational study involving 190 children from January 2013 to August 2019 was conducted. Perioperative clinical and biochemical data were collected. RESULTS: We found that pre-operative NLR was significantly correlated with AST, STB, CR and UA (P < 0.05), while post-operative NLR was significantly correlated with ALT, AST, BUN (P < 0.05). Increased post-operative neutrophil count and NLR as well as decreased lymphocyte count could be observed after cardiac surgery (P < 0.05). Level of pre-operative NLR was significantly correlated with mechanical ventilation time, ICU stay time and total length of stay (P < 0.05), while level of post-operative NLR was only significantly correlated to the first two (P < 0.05). By using ROC curve analysis, relevant areas under the curve for predicting prolonged mechanical ventilation time beyond 24 h, 48 h and 72 h by NLR were statistically significant (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: For patients with CHD-PAH, NLR was closely related to early post-operative complications and clinical outcomes, and could act as a novel marker to predict the occurrence of prolonged mechanical ventilation.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33415637

RESUMO

Accurate prediction of natural gas consumption (NGC) can offer effective information for energy planning and policy-making. In this study, a novel hybrid forecasting model based on support vector machine (SVM) and improved artificial fish swarm algorithm (IAFSA) is proposed to predict annual NGC. An adaptive learning strategy based on sigmoid function is introduced to improve the performance of traditional artificial fish swarm algorithm (AFSA), which provides a dynamic adjustment for parameter moving step step and visual scope visual. IAFSA is used to obtain the optimal parameters of SVM. In addition, the annual NGC data of China is selected as an example to evaluate the prediction performance of the proposed model. Experimental results reveal that the proposed model in this study outperforms the benchmark models such as artificial neural network (ANN) and partial least squares regression (PLS). The mean absolute percentage error (MAPE), root mean squared error (RMSE), and mean absolute error (MAE) values are as low as 0.512, 1.4958, and 1.0940. Finally, the proposed model is employed to predict NGC in China from 2020 to 2025.

7.
World J Microbiol Biotechnol ; 37(2): 29, 2021 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33452942

RESUMO

Methylomonas sp. ZR1 was an isolated new methanotrophs that could utilize methane and methanol growing fast and synthesizing value added compounds such as lycopene. In this study, the genomic study integrated with the comparative transcriptome analysis were taken to understanding the metabolic characteristic of ZR1 grown on methane and methanol at normal and high temperature regime. Complete Embden-Meyerhof-Parnas pathway (EMP), Entner-Doudoroff pathway (ED), Pentose Phosphate Pathway (PP) and Tricarboxy Acid Cycle (TCA) were found to be operated in ZR1. In addition, the energy saving ppi-dependent EMP enzyme, coupled with the complete and efficient central carbon metabolic network might be responsible for its fast growing nature. Transcript level analysis of the central carbon metabolism indicated that formaldehyde metabolism was a key nod that may be in charge of the carbon conversion efficiency (CCE) divergent of ZR1 grown on methanol and methane. Flexible nitrogen and carotene metabolism pattern were also investigated in ZR1. Nitrogenase genes in ZR1 were found to be highly expressed with methane even in the presence of sufficient nitrate. It appears that, higher lycopene production in ZR1 grown on methane might be attributed to the higher proportion of transcript level of C40 to C30 metabolic gene. Higher transcript level of exopolysaccharides metabolic gene and stress responding proteins indicated that ZR1 was confronted with severer growth stress with methanol than with methane. Additionally, lower transcript level of the TCA cycle, the dramatic high expression level of the nitric oxide reductase and stress responding protein, revealed the imbalance of the central carbon and nitrogen metabolic status, which would result in the worse growth of ZR1 with methanol at 30 °C.

8.
Chin J Integr Med ; 2021 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33420902

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To reveal the underlying relationships between Chinese medicine (CM) syndromes and ultrafiltration (UF) in the treatment of heart failure based on a metabonomic approach. METHODS: Seventeen acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF) patients were enrolled, and their CM syndromes before and after UF were collected. In addition, their venous plasma collected before and after UF was used for liquid chromatographmass spectrometer-based metabonomic analysis. Both reversed phase liquid chromatography and hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography were used to analyze the plasma samples. Partial least-squares to latent structure-discriminant analyses were used for data analysis. RESULTS: An obvious difference was observed pre- and post-treatment. A total of 17 potential biomarkers associating with alterd syndromes with UF including hypoxanthine, 1-methylhistidine, phytosphingosine, O-decanoyl-R-carnitine, etc. were screened out, showing a significant change after UF. The major adjusted metabolic pathways were purine metabolism, histidine metabolism, leucine and isoleucine metabolism, arginine and proline metabolism, carnitine shuttle, sphingolipid metabolism and phospholipid metabolism. CONCLUSIONS: Metabonomic approach is a useful tool to identify potential biomarkers of altered syndromes link to UF and could provide a theoretical basis for further research on the therapeutic mechanism of UF combined with CM.

9.
Neuro Oncol ; 2021 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33433610

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Temozolomide (TMZ) resistance in Glioblastoma (GBM) is mediated by the DNA repair protein O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT). MGMT promoter methylation (occurs in about 40% patients) is associated with loss of MGMT expression (MGMT-) that compromises DNA repair, leading to a favorable response to TMZ therapy. The 60% of patients with unmethylated MGMT (MGMT+) GBM experience resistance to TMZ; in these patients, understanding the mechanism of MGMT mediated repair and modulating MGMT activity may lead to enhanced TMZ activity. Here, we report a novel mode of regulation of MGMT protein activity by poly-ADP-ribose polymerase (PARP). METHODS: MGMT-PARP interaction was detected by co-immunoprecipitation (IP). PARylation of MGMT and PARP was detected by co-immunoprecipitation with anti-PAR antibody. O 6-methylguanine (O 6-MetG) adducts were quantified by immunofluorescence assay. In vivo studies were conducted in mice to determine the effectiveness of PARP inhibition in sensitizing GBM to TMZ. RESULTS: We demonstrated that PARP physically binds with MGMT and PARylates MGMT in response to TMZ treatment. In addition, PARylation of MGMT by PARP is required for MGMT binding to chromatin to enhance the removal of O 6-MetG adducts from DNA after TMZ treatment. PARP inhibitors reduced PARP-MGMT binding and MGMT PARylation, silencing MGMT activity to repair O 6-MetG. PARP inhibition restored TMZ sensitivity in vivo in MGMT expressing GBM. CONCLUSION: This study demonstrated that PARylation of MGMT by PARP is critical for repairing TMZ-induced O6-MetG, and inhibition of PARylation by PARP inhibitor reduces MGMT function rendering sensitization to TMZ, providing a rationale for combining PARP inhibitors to sensitize TMZ in MGMT unmethylated GBM.

10.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 51, 2021 01 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33397955

RESUMO

Identifying novel drug targets to overcome resistance to tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) and eradicating leukemia stem/progenitor cells are required for the treatment of chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML). Here, we show that ubiquitin-specific peptidase 47 (USP47) is a potential target to overcome TKI resistance. Functional analysis shows that USP47 knockdown represses proliferation of CML cells sensitive or resistant to imatinib in vitro and in vivo. The knockout of Usp47 significantly inhibits BCR-ABL and BCR-ABLT315I-induced CML in mice with the reduction of Lin-Sca1+c-Kit+ CML stem/progenitor cells. Mechanistic studies show that stabilizing Y-box binding protein 1 contributes to USP47-mediated DNA damage repair in CML cells. Inhibiting USP47 by P22077 exerts cytotoxicity to CML cells with or without TKI resistance in vitro and in vivo. Moreover, P22077 eliminates leukemia stem/progenitor cells in CML mice. Together, targeting USP47 is a promising strategy to overcome TKI resistance and eradicate leukemia stem/progenitor cells in CML.


Assuntos
Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/patologia , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/metabolismo , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/patologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Ubiquitina Tiolesterase/metabolismo , Proteases Específicas de Ubiquitina/metabolismo , Animais , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Dano ao DNA , Reparo do DNA/efeitos dos fármacos , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/efeitos dos fármacos , MAP Quinases Reguladas por Sinal Extracelular/metabolismo , Proteínas de Fusão bcr-abl , Regulação Leucêmica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Células K562 , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/genética , Camundongos Knockout , Complexo de Endopeptidases do Proteassoma/metabolismo , Ligação Proteica/efeitos dos fármacos , Estabilidade Proteica/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteólise/efeitos dos fármacos , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Fator de Transcrição STAT5/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Tiofenos/farmacologia , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto , Proteína 1 de Ligação a Y-Box/metabolismo , Proteínas ras/metabolismo
11.
Cell Death Dis ; 12(1): 32, 2021 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33414476

RESUMO

Histone deacetylase 5 (HDAC5) belongs to class II HDAC subfamily and is reported to be increased in the kidneys of diabetic patients and animals. However, little is known about its function and the exact mechanism in diabetic kidney disease (DKD). Here, we found that HDAC5 was located in renal glomeruli and tubular cells, and significantly upregulated in diabetic mice and UUO mice, especially in renal tubular cells and interstitium. Knockdown of HDAC5 ameliorated high glucose-induced epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of HK2 cells, indicated in the increased E-cadherin and decreased α-SMA, via the downregulation of TGF-ß1. Furthermore, HDAC5 expression was regulated by PI3K/Akt signaling pathway and inhibition of PI3K/Akt pathway by LY294002 treatment or Akt phosphorylation mutation reduced HDAC5 and TGF-ß1 expression in vitro high glucose-cultured HK2 cells. Again, high glucose stimulation downregulated total m6A RNA methylation level of HK2 cells. Then, m6A demethylase inhibitor MA2 treatment decreased Akt phosphorylation, HDAC5, and TGF-ß1 expression in high glucose-cultured HK2 cells. In addition, m6A modification-associated methylase METTL3 and METTL14 were decreased by high glucose at the levels of mRNA and protein. METTL14 not METTL3 overexpression led to PI3K/Akt pathway inactivation in high glucose-treated HK2 cells by enhancing PTEN, followed by HDAC5 and TGF-ß1 expression downregulation. Finally, in vivo HDACs inhibitor TSA treatment alleviated extracellular matrix accumulation in kidneys of diabetic mice, accompanied with HDAC5, TGF-ß1, and α-SMA expression downregulation. These above data suggest that METTL14-regulated PI3K/Akt signaling pathway via PTEN affected HDAC5-mediated EMT of renal tubular cells in diabetic kidney disease.

12.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 823, 2021 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33436913

RESUMO

The challenge of decoding information about complex diseases hidden in huge number of single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) genotypes is undertaken based on five dbGaP studies. Current genome-wide association studies have successfully identified many high-risk SNPs associated with diseases, but precise diagnostic models for complex diseases by these or more other SNP genotypes are still unavailable in the literature. We report that lung cancer, breast cancer and prostate cancer as the first three top cancers worldwide can be predicted precisely via 240-370 SNPs with accuracy up to 99% according to leave-one-out and 10-fold cross-validation. Our findings (1) confirm an early guess of Dr. Mitchell H. Gail that about 300 SNPs are needed to improve risk forecasts for breast cancer, (2) reveal an incredible fact that SNP genotypes may contain almost all information that one wants to know, and (3) show a hopeful possibility that complex diseases can be precisely diagnosed by means of SNP genotypes without using phenotypical features. In short words, information hidden in SNP genotypes can be extracted in efficient ways to make precise diagnoses for complex diseases.

13.
Brain Behav ; : e02037, 2021 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33438834

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study investigated how the injury completeness, level, and duration of spinal cord injury (SCI) affect cortical morphometric changes in humans. METHODS: T1-weighted images were acquired from 59 SCI patients and 37 healthy controls. Voxel-based morphometry analyses of the gray matter volume (GMV) were performed between SCI patients and healthy controls, complete SCI and incomplete SCI, and tetraplegia and paraplegia. Correlation analyses were performed to explore the associations between GMV and clinical variables in SCI patients. RESULTS: Compared to healthy controls, SCI patients showed decreased GMV in bilateral middle frontal gyrus, left superior frontal gyrus (SFG), left medial frontal gyrus in the whole-brain analysis, while increased GMV in right supplementary motor area and right pallidum in ROI analysis. The complete SCI had lower GMV in left primary somatosensory cortex (S1) and higher GMV in left primary motor cortex compared with incomplete SCI. Lower GMV was identified in left thalamus and SFG in tetraplegia than that in paraplegia. Moreover, time since injury was positive with the GMV in right pallidum, positive correlations were observed between the GMV in bilateral S1 and total motor and sensory scores, whereas the GMV in left cuneus was negatively correlated with total motor and sensory scores in SCI patients. CONCLUSIONS: The study provided imaging evidence for identifying cerebral structural abnormalities in SCI patients and significant differences in complete/incomplete and paraplegia/tetraplegia subgroups. These results suggested brain structural changes occur after SCI and these changes may depend on the injury completeness, level, and duration.

14.
Neurochem Res ; 2021 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33439430

RESUMO

Spinal cord injury (SCI) is a functional impairment of the spinal cord caused by external forces, accompanied by limb movement disorders and permanent paralysis, which seriously lowers the life quality of SCI patients. Secondary injury caused by inflammation attenuated the therapeutic effects of SCI. Therefore, the exploration of biomarkers associated with the inflammatory response following SCI might provide novel therapy strategy against SCI.SCI rat model was established as previously reported and evaluated by BBB score. The expression of microRNA-24-3p (miR-24-3p) and MAPK-activated protein kinase 2 (MK2) in spinal cord tissues of SCI rats and HAPI cells was analyzed by qRT-PCR. Protein expression of MK2, ionized calcium-binding adapter molecule-1 (Iba-1), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), and interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß) was assessed by western blot assay. The release of inflammatory cytokines TNF-α and IL-1ß was measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The interaction between miR-24-3p and MK2 was examined by the luciferase reporter system. Basso-Beattie-Bresnahan (BBB) score dramatically reduced in rats following SCI compared with sham rats. Moreover, the expression of miR-24-3p was down-regulated, while MK2 was up-regulated in the spinal cord tissues of SCI rats and LPS-induced microglia cells compared with the corresponding control group. Luciferase reporter system confirmed the interaction between miR-24-3p and MK2. In addition, miR-24-3p upregulation or MK2 knockdown attenuated LPS induced activation of microglial cells and expression of inflammatory cytokine TNF-α and IL-1ß. Besides, we discovered that miR-24-3p regulated inflammation of highly aggressively proliferating immortalized (HAPI) cells by targeting MK2.In our study, we clarified that miR-24-3p repressed inflammation of microglia cells following SCI by regulating MK2, thereby providing promising biomarkers for SCI therapy.

15.
Opt Lett ; 46(1): 118-121, 2021 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33362030

RESUMO

In this Letter, we implement a multimode fiber (MMF) laser system mode-locked by a nonlinear polarization rotation technique for controllable synchronous multi-wavelength soliton generation. The synchronization of the repetition rates for different wavelengths is realized by the special mode transmission in MMF. For dual-wavelength mode-locking at 1566.7 nm and 1617.2 nm, each of the synchronously mode-locked solitons consists of a train of quasi-periodic beat pulses with a pulse width of 84 fs and period of 162 fs. The total output power reaches 532 mW with optimally balanced two-color intensities. Furthermore, switchable dual- and tri-wavelength synchronized femtosecond pulses are also obtained. In contrast to previous reports, this synchronously mode-locked multi-wavelength is output directly from a laser oscillator, which provides a simpler candidate to achieve pulse synchronization.

16.
Vet Microbiol ; 252: 108918, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33191000

RESUMO

Porcine haemagglutinating encephalomyelitis virus (PHEV) is a member of coronavirus that causes acute infectious disease and high mortality in piglets. The transcription factor IRF3 is a central regulator of type I interferon (IFN) innate immune signalling. Here, we report that PHEV infection of RAW264.7 cells results in strong suppression of IFN-ß production in the early stage. A comparative analysis of the upstream effector of IFN-ß transcription demonstrated that deactivation of IRF3, but not p65 or ATF-2 proteins, is uniquely attributed to failure of early IFN-ß induction. Moreover, the RIG-I/MDA5/MAVS/TBK1-dependent protective response that regulates the IRF3 pathway is not disrupted by PHEV and works well underlying the deactivated IRF3-mediated IFN-ß inhibition. After challenge with poly(I:C), a synthetic analogue of dsRNA used to stimulate IFN-ß secretion in the TLR-controlled pathway, we show that PHEV and poly(I:C) regulate IFN-ß-induction via two different pathways. Collectively, our findings reveal that deactivation of IRF3 is a specific mechanism that contributes to termination of type I IFN signalling during early infection with PHEV independent of the conserved RIG-I/MAVS/MDA5/TBK1-mediated innate immune response.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus 1/imunologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/veterinária , Fator Regulador 3 de Interferon/genética , Interferon beta/imunologia , Animais , Betacoronavirus 1/genética , Infecções por Coronavirus/imunologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Imunidade Inata , Fator Regulador 3 de Interferon/imunologia , Camundongos , Poli I-C/farmacologia , Células RAW 264.7 , Transdução de Sinais/imunologia
17.
J Hazard Mater ; 404(Pt B): 124197, 2021 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33091695

RESUMO

The efficient treatment of high stability emulsion with small diameter and the prevention of oil contamination of materials are serious issues in the process of emulsion separation. In order to address those issues, we reported a fast and versatile hydrophilic surface coating technology that uses oxidants and diamines to synergistically promote the polymerization of caffeic acid (CA). It was found that amino groups can not only accelerate the polymerization of CA, but also promote the deposition of polymers on the sponge surface. Using silica nanoparticles to improve the roughness, superhydrophilic melamine sponge could be prepared, which exhibited excellent superhydrophlic-underwater superolephobic and anti-oil-adhesion properties. DFT simulation was employed to explore the potential mechanism of the anti-oil adhesion ability. In addition, combined with the mechanical compression strategy, the sponge exhibited a high efficiency of 99.10% with a permeation flux of 19080 ±â€¯700 Lm-2 h-1 in emulsion separation just under the action of gravity. Moreover, based on the interaction between the surfactant and the surface of the material, the separation mechanism was discussed. Overall, this work provided an advanced method for the preparation of superhydrophilic sponge with anti-oil-fouling performance, which showed great potential in dealing with practically challenging emulsified wastewater.

18.
Int J Clin Pract ; 75(1): e13654, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32770797

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Severe coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pneumonia is associated with high mortality. However, the evolution of computed tomography (CT) manifestations of severe COVID-19 pneumonia remains unclear, more evidence regarding its evolution process is urgently needed. METHOD: The clinical, laboratory and imaging data of eleven patients with severe COVID-19 pneumonia were collected to investigate the evolution process of severe COVID-19 cases. RESULTS: The main initial CT manifestations of severe COVID-19 pneumonia were multiple ground-glass opacities and/or consolidation. The evolution of CT manifestations showed that acute exudative lesions of severe COVID-19 pneumonia could be gradually resolved after the active intervention. CONCLUSIONS: Most of patients with severe COVID-19 pneumonia showed marked improvement of acute exudative lesions on chest imagings and satisfactory prognosis of severe COVID-19 pneumonia could be achieved after active treatment.


Assuntos
/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gravidade do Paciente , Prognóstico
19.
Chem Biol Drug Des ; 97(1): 121-133, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32735740

RESUMO

Bisphosphonates (BPs) have been commonly used in the treatment of osteolytic bone lesions, such as osteoporosis and osteogenesis imperfecta. However, serious side-effects can occur during the therapy. To search for novel potent BPs with lower side-effects, a series of imidazole-containing BPs (zoledronic acid [ZOL]; ZOL derivatives by substitution of the hydrogen at the 2-position on the imidazole ring with a methyl [MIDP], ethyl [EIDP], n-propyl [PIDP], or n-butyl group [BIDP]) were developed and the effects on receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB ligand (RANKL)-induced osteoclast differentiation were investigated using the murine macrophage RAW 264.7 cells at the protein, gene, and morphological and functional levels. Influences of these BPs on the cell growth and proliferation of RAW 264.7 were also studied in order to determine cytotoxicity. The results showed that PIDP significantly inhibited the RANKL-induced osteoclast formation in a dose-dependent fashion without inducing cytotoxicity under the concentration of 12.5 µM. It exerted remarkable suppressive effects on the development of actin rings, the bone resorption, and the expressions of osteoclastogenesis-related gene and protein markers. The down-regulation of c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK), protein kinase B (Akt), and inhibitor of nuclear factor kappa-B (IκB) phosphorylation in the early signaling event and subsequent inhibition of the expression of c-Fos and nuclear factor of activated T cells (NFATc1) might be involved in these effects. All these results indicated that PIDP might be a promising drug to treat bone-related disorders.

20.
Poult Sci ; 100(1): 215-223, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33357684

RESUMO

Heat stress impairs growth performance and alters body protein and amino acid metabolism. This study was investigated to explore how body protein and amino acid metabolism changed under heat stress (HS) and the stress adaptation mechanism. A total of 144 broilers (28 d old) were divided into 3 treatment groups for 1 wk: HS group (32°C), normal control group (22°C), and pair-feeding group (22°C). We found that HS elevated the feed-to-gain ratio, reduced the ADFI and ADG, decreased breast muscle mass and plasma levels of several amino acids (glycine, lysine, threonine, and tyrosine), and increased serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase (GOT) activity and corticosterone (CORT) level and liver GOT and glutamic pyruvic transaminase activities. Heat stress elevated muscle atrophy F-box mRNA expression and reduced mRNA expression of the 70-kD ribosomal protein S6 kinase in the breast muscle of broilers. Broilers in the HS group exhibited striking increases of mRNA expressions of solute carrier family 1 member 1, family 3 member 1, family 7 member 1, and family 7 member-like in the liver and liver gluconeogenesis genes (PCKc, PCKm, PC, and FBP1) in comparison with the other 2 groups. In conclusion, HS increased the circulating CORT level and subsequently caused muscle protein breakdown to provide amino acid substrates to liver gluconeogenesis responsible for energy supply.

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