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1.
Talanta ; 274: 126004, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38564824

RESUMO

Reactive oxygen species (ROS), reactive nitrogen species (RNS), and reactive sulfur species (RSS) serve as vital mediators essential for preserving intracellular redox homeostasis within the human body, thereby possessing significant implications across physiological and pathological domains. Nevertheless, deviations from normal levels of ROS, RNS, and RSS disturb redox homeostasis, leading to detrimental consequences that compromise bodily integrity. This disruption is closely linked to the onset of various human diseases, thereby posing a substantial threat to human health and survival. Small-molecule fluorescent probes exhibit considerable potential as analytical instruments for the monitoring of ROS, RNS, and RSS due to their exceptional sensitivity and selectivity, operational simplicity, non-invasiveness, localization capabilities, and ability to facilitate in situ optical signal generation for real-time dynamic analyte monitoring. Due to their distinctive transition from their spirocyclic form (non-fluorescent) to their ring-opened form (fluorescent), along with their exceptional light stability, broad wavelength range, high fluorescence quantum yield, and high extinction coefficient, rhodamine fluorophores have been extensively employed in the development of fluorescent probes. This review primarily concentrates on the investigation of fluorescent probes utilizing rhodamine dyes for ROS, RNS, and RSS detection from the perspective of different response groups since 2016. The scope of this review encompasses the design of probe structures, elucidation of response mechanisms, and exploration of biological applications.

2.
J Orthop Sci ; 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38565448

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to determine risk factors for poor in-hospital outcomes in a large cohort of older adult patients with acute non-traffic traumatic spinal cord injury (tSCI). METHODS: This is a population-based, retrospective, observational study. Data of older adults ≥65 years with a primary discharge diagnosis of acute non-traffic tSCI were extracted from the US National Inpatient Sample (NIS) database 2005-2018. Traffic-related tSCI admissions or patients lacking complete data on age, sex and outcomes of interest were excluded. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to determine associations between variables and in-hospital outcomes. RESULTS: Data of 49,449 older patients (representing 246,939 persons in the US) were analyzed. The mean age was 79.9 years. Multivariable analyses revealed that severe International Classification of Disease (ICD)-based injury severity score (ICISS) (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] = 3.14, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 2.77-3.57), quadriplegia (aOR = 2.79, 95%CI: 2.34-3.32), paraplegia (aOR = 2.60, 95%CI:1.89-3.58), cervical injury with vertebral fracture (aOR = 2.19, 95%CI: 1.90-2.52), and severe liver disease (aOR = 2.33, 95%CI: 1.34-4.04) were all strong independent predictors of in-hospital mortality. In addition, malnutrition (aOR = 3.19, 95% CI: 2.93-3.48) was the strongest predictors of prolonged length of stay (LOS). CONCLUSIONS: Several critical factors for in-hospital mortality, unfavorable discharge, and prolonged LOS among US older adults with acute non-traffic tSCI were identified. In addition to the factors associated with initial severity, the presence of severe liver disease and malnutrition emerged as strong predictors of unfavorable outcomes, highlighting the need for special attention for these patient subgroups.

3.
Bioresour Technol ; 400: 130681, 2024 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38599350

RESUMO

Excavating nitrogen-fixing bacteria with high-temperature tolerance is essential for the efficient composting of animal dung. In this study, two strains of thermophilic nitrogen-fixing bacteria, NF1 (Bacillus subtilis) and NF2 (Azotobacter chroococcum), were added to cow dung compost both individually (NF1, NF2) and mixed together (NF3; mixing NF1 and NF2 at a ratio of 1:1). The results showed that NF1, NF2, and NF3 inoculants increased the total Kjeldahl nitrogen level by 38.43%-55.35%, prolonged the thermophilic period by 1-13 d, increased the seed germination index by 17.81%, and the emissions of NH3 and N2O were reduced by 25.11% and 42.75%, respectively. Microbial analysis showed that Firmicutes were the predominant bacteria at the thermophilic stage, whereas Chloroflexi, Proteobacteria, and Bacteroidetes were the predominant bacteria at the mature stage. These results confirmed that the addition of the isolated strains to cow dung composting improved the bacterial community structure and benefited nitrogen retention.

4.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 3103, 2024 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38600123

RESUMO

Exercise is usually regarded to have short-term beneficial effects on immune health. Here we show that early-life regular exercise exerts long-term beneficial effects on inflammatory immunity. Swimming training for 3 months in male mice starting from 1-month-old curbs cytokine response and mitigates sepsis when exposed to lipopolysaccharide challenge, even after an 11-month interval of detraining. Metabolomics analysis of serum and liver identifies pipecolic acid, a non-encoded amino acid, as a pivotal metabolite responding to early-life regular exercise. Importantly, pipecolic acid reduces inflammatory cytokines in bone marrow-derived macrophages and alleviates sepsis via inhibiting mTOR complex 1 signaling. Moreover, early-life exercise increases histone 3 lysine 4 trimethylation at the promoter of Crym in the liver, an enzyme responsible for catalyzing pipecolic acid production. Liver-specific knockdown of Crym in adult mice abolishes this early exercise-induced protective effects. Our findings demonstrate that early-life regular exercise enhances anti-inflammatory immunity during middle-aged phase in male mice via epigenetic immunometabolic modulation, in which hepatic pipecolic acid production has a pivotal function.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios , Sepse , Camundongos , Animais , Masculino , Fígado/metabolismo , Histonas/metabolismo , Citocinas/metabolismo , Epigênese Genética
5.
Adv Mater ; : e2401982, 2024 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38609077

RESUMO

Corrosion activities and biofouling pose significant challenges for marine facilities, resulting in substantial economic losses. Inspired by the "brick&mortar" structure of pearls, a novel nanocomposite coating (Pun-HJTx) with long-lasting anti-corrosion and intelligent antifouling modes is fabricated by integrating a compatible MoS2/MXene heterostructure as the "brick" into a polyurea-modified PDMS (Pun) acting as "mortar". Notably, the presence of multiple hydrogen bonds within the coating effectively reduces the pinholes resulted from solution volatilizing. In the dark, where fouling adhesion and microbial corrosion activities are weakened, the MoS2/MXene plays a role in contact bactericidal action. Conversely, during daylight when fouling adhesion and microbial corrosion activities intensify, the coating releases reactive oxygen species (such as hydroxyl radicals and superoxide ions) to counteract fouling adhesion. Additionally, the coating exhibits multi-source self-healing performance under heated or exposed to light (maximum self-healing rate can reach 99.46%) and proves efficient self-cleaning performance and adhesion strength (>2.0 Mpa), making it highly suitable for various practical marine applications. Furthermore, the outstanding performance of the Pun-HJT1 is maintained for approximately 180 days in real-world marine conditions, which proving its practicality and feasibility in real shallow sea environments. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

6.
J Phys Chem C Nanomater Interfaces ; 128(12): 5313-5320, 2024 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38567374

RESUMO

Solution-processable semiconductors with antiferromagnetic (AFM) order are attractive for future spintronics and information storage technology. Halide perovskites containing magnetic ions have emerged as multifunctional materials, demonstrating a cross-link between structural, optical, electrical, and magnetic properties. However, stable optoelectronic halide perovskites that are antiferromagnetic remain sparse, and the critical design rules to optimize magnetic coupling still must be developed. Here, we combine the complementary magnetometry and electron-spin-resonance experiments, together with first-principles calculations to study the antiferromagnetic coupling in stable Cs2(Ag:Na)FeCl6 bulk semiconductor alloys grown by the hydrothermal method. We show the importance of nonmagnetic monovalence ions at the BI site (Na/Ag) in facilitating the superexchange interaction via orbital hybridization, offering the tunability of the Curie-Weiss parameters between -27 and -210 K, with a potential to promote magnetic frustration via alloying the nonmagnetic BI site (Ag:Na ratio). Combining our experimental evidence with first-principles calculations, we draw a cohesive picture of the material design for B-site-ordered antiferromagnetic halide double perovskites.

7.
JAMA Intern Med ; 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38558109

RESUMO

This case report describes a patient in their 70s presenting to the hospital with dyspnea and fatigue.

8.
Small ; : e2311509, 2024 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38587968

RESUMO

Developing robust non-platinum electrocatalysts with multifunctional active sites for pH-universal hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) is crucial for scalable hydrogen production through electrochemical water splitting. Here ultra-small ruthenium-nickel alloy nanoparticles steadily anchored on reduced graphene oxide papers (Ru-Ni/rGOPs) as versatile electrocatalytic materials for acidic and alkaline HER are reported. These Ru-Ni alloy nanoparticles serve as pH self-adaptive electroactive species by making use of in situ surface reconstruction, where surface Ni atoms are hydroxylated to produce bifunctional active sites of Ru-Ni(OH)2 for alkaline HER, and selectively etched to form monometallic Ru active sites for acidic HER, respectively. Owing to the presence of Ru-Ni(OH)2 multi-site surface, which not only accelerates water dissociation to generate reactive hydrogen intermediates but also facilitates their recombination into hydrogen molecules, the self-supported Ru90Ni10/rGOP hybrid electrode only takes overpotential of as low as ≈106 mV to deliver current density of 1000 mA cm-2, and maintains exceptional stability for over 1000 h in 1 m KOH. While in 0.5 m H2SO4, the Ru90Ni10/rGOP hybrid electrode exhibits acidic HER catalytic behavior comparable to commercially available Pt/C catalyst due to the formation of monometallic Ru shell. These electrochemical behaviors outperform some of the best Ru-based catalysts and make it attractive alternative to Pt-based catalysts toward highly efficient HER.

9.
Cureus ; 16(3): e55597, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38590457

RESUMO

Purpose This study aimed to analyze the content of counseling between cancer patients and physicians during outpatient follow-up, assess the duration of different communication content, and explore the influencing factors. Patients and methods We observed consecutive cancer patients without a first diagnosis of malignancy who presented to the oncology outpatient clinic of a public hospital from October through December 2023. A structured observation form was used to record the content and duration of doctor-patient communication. All variables were electronically recorded and stored on a data management platform. Multiple linear regression was used to examine the determinants of consultation duration. Results Our study included 620 cancer patients, of whom 281 individuals had distant metastasis. The average consultation duration for 620 cancer patients was 4.85 minutes (standard deviation of 3.09 minutes). The category of doctor-patient communication was routine outpatient follow-up, involving 182 patients, with an average consultation duration of 3.81 minutes (standard deviation of 2.24 minutes). The main communication content for 51 patients was about the admission procedures, with an average consultation duration of 3.00 minutes (standard deviation of 1.92 minutes). For 67 patients, the primary communication involved the prescription of anti-tumor medications, with an average consultation duration of 3.70 minutes (standard deviation of 2.30 minutes). Symptom control discussions were the main communication content with 107 patients, with an average consultation duration of 5.91 minutes (standard deviation of 3.44 minutes). The main communication content of 24 patients involved medical insurance reimbursement, with an average duration of 7.75 minutes (standard deviation of 4.63 minutes). Consultations accompanied by caregivers and the presence of metastatic tumors were positively associated with consultation duration, whereas female patients with genital malignancies were negatively associated with consultation duration. Communication about symptom management and communication about medical insurance reimbursement was positively associated with the duration of medical consultations. Communication about administering the formalities requisite for patient admission was negatively associated with the consultation duration. Conclusion We classified the main contents of doctor-patient communication in the oncology outpatient clinic and found that the contents of doctor-patient communication tended to be monotone and systematized. Oncology outpatient models should consider the integration of caregiver involvement. The reason for the shorter outpatient consultation duration in female patients of cancer primary in the reproductive system needs further investigation. The intricate medical insurance reimbursement process poses an increasing time challenge for outpatient clinicians. In addition, the adequacy and effectiveness of symptom management services provided to cancer patients during oncology outpatient follow-up require further evaluation and review.

10.
Front Cell Neurosci ; 18: 1352630, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38572075

RESUMO

Introduction: Spinal cord injury (SCI) is a severely disabling disease. Hyperactivation of neuroinflammation is one of the main pathophysiological features of secondary SCI, with phospholipid metabolism playing an important role in regulating inflammation. Phospholipase D (PLD), a critical lipid-signaling molecule, is known to be involved in various physiological processes, including the regulation of inflammation. Despite this knowledge, the specific role of PLD in SCI remains unclear. Methods: In this study, we constructed mouse models of SCI and administered PLD inhibitor (FIPI) treatment to investigate the efficacy of PLD. Additionally, transcriptome sequencing and protein microarray analysis of spinal cord tissues were conducted to further elucidate its mechanism of action. Results: The results showed that PLD expression increased after SCI, and inhibition of PLD significantly improved the locomotor ability, reduced glial scarring, and decreased the damage of spinal cord tissues in mice with SCI. Transcriptome sequencing analysis showed that inhibition of PLD altered gene expression in inflammation regulation. Subsequently, the protein microarray analysis of spinal cord tissues revealed variations in numerous inflammatory factors. Biosignature analysis pointed to an association with immunity, thus confirming the results obtained from transcriptome sequencing. Discussion: Collectively, these observations furnish compelling evidence supporting the anti-inflammatory effect of FIPI in the context of SCI, while also offering important insights into the PLD function which may be a potential therapeutic target for SCI.

11.
World J Gastrointest Oncol ; 16(3): 945-967, 2024 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38577477

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gastric cancer (GC) is a highly aggressive malignancy with a heterogeneous nature, which makes prognosis prediction and treatment determination difficult. Inflammation is now recognized as one of the hallmarks of cancer and plays an important role in the aetiology and continued growth of tumours. Inflammation also affects the prognosis of GC patients. Recent reports suggest that a number of inflammatory-related biomarkers are useful for predicting tumour prognosis. However, the importance of inflammatory-related biomarkers in predicting the prognosis of GC patients is still unclear. AIM: To investigate inflammatory-related biomarkers in predicting the prognosis of GC patients. METHODS: In this study, the mRNA expression profiles and corresponding clinical information of GC patients were obtained from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database (GSE66229). An inflammatory-related gene prognostic signature model was constructed using the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator Cox regression model based on the GEO database. GC patients from the GSE26253 cohort were used for validation. Univariate and multivariate Cox analyses were used to determine the independent prognostic factors, and a prognostic nomogram was established. The calibration curve and the area under the curve based on receiver operating characteristic analysis were utilized to evaluate the predictive value of the nomogram. The decision curve analysis results were plotted to quantify and assess the clinical value of the nomogram. Gene set enrichment analysis was performed to explore the potential regulatory pathways involved. The relationship between tumour immune infiltration status and risk score was analysed via Tumour Immune Estimation Resource and CIBERSORT. Finally, we analysed the association between risk score and patient sensitivity to commonly used chemotherapy and targeted therapy agents. RESULTS: A prognostic model consisting of three inflammatory-related genes (MRPS17, GUF1, and PDK4) was constructed. Independent prognostic analysis revealed that the risk score was a separate prognostic factor in GC patients. According to the risk score, GC patients were stratified into high- and low-risk groups, and patients in the high-risk group had significantly worse prognoses according to age, sex, TNM stage and Lauren type. Consensus clustering identified three subtypes of inflammation that could predict GC prognosis more accurately than traditional grading and staging. Finally, the study revealed that patients in the low-risk group were more sensitive to certain drugs than were those in the high-risk group, indicating a link between inflammation-related genes and drug sensitivity. CONCLUSION: In conclusion, we established a novel three-gene prognostic signature that may be useful for predicting the prognosis and personalizing treatment decisions of GC patients.

12.
Heliyon ; 10(7): e28280, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38560173

RESUMO

Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) ravaged the world, and Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) exhibited highly prevalent oral symptoms that had significantly impacted the lives of affected patients. However, the involvement of four human coronavirus (HCoVs), namely SARS-CoV-2, SARS-CoV, MERS-CoV, and HCoV-229E, in oral cavity infections remained poorly understood. We integrated single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq) data of seven human oral tissues through consistent normalization procedure, including minor salivary gland (MSG), parotid gland (PG), tongue, gingiva, buccal, periodontium and pulp. The Seurat, scDblFinder, Harmony, SingleR, Ucell and scCancer packages were comprehensively used for analysis. We identified specific cell clusters and generated expression profiles of SARS-CoV-2 and coronavirus-associated receptors and factors (SCARFs) in seven oral regions, providing direction for predicting the tropism of four HCoVs for oral tissues, as well as for dental clinical treatment. Based on our analysis, it appears that various SCARFs, including ACE2, ASGR1, KREMEN1, DPP4, ANPEP, CD209, CLEC4G/M, TMPRSS family proteins (including TMPRSS2, TMPRSS4, and TMPRSS11A), and FURIN, are expressed at low levels in the oral cavity. Conversely, BSG, CTSB, and CTSL exhibit enrichment in oral tissues. Our study also demonstrates widespread expression of restriction factors, particularly IFITM1-3 and LY6E, in oral cells. Additionally, some replication, assembly, and trafficking factors appear to exhibit broad oral tissues expression patterns. Overall, the oral cavity could potentially serve as a high-risk site for SARS-CoV-2 infection, while displaying a comparatively lower degree of susceptibility towards other HCoVs (including SARS-CoV, MERS-CoV and HCoV-229E). Specifically, MSG, tongue, and gingiva represent potential sites of vulnerability for four HCoVs infection, with the MSG exhibiting a particularly high susceptibility. However, the expression patterns of SCARFs in other oral sites demonstrate relatively intricate and may only be specifically associated with SARS-CoV-2 infection. Our study sheds light on the mechanisms of HCoVs infection in the oral cavity as well as gains insight into the characteristics and distribution of possible HCoVs target cells in oral tissues, providing potential therapeutic targets for HCoVs infection in the oral cavity.

13.
JMIR Public Health Surveill ; 10: e53948, 2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38564244

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus (DM) increases the risk of developing tuberculosis (TB), and optimal glycemic control has been shown to reduce the risk of complications and improve the TB treatment outcomes in patients with DM. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate the role of glycemic control in improving TB treatment outcomes among patients with DM. METHODS: MEDLINE, Embase, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials databases were searched for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) assessing the impact of oral glycemic control in patients with TB who have DM. Outcomes of interest were radiological findings, treatment success, sputum positivity, and mortality. Evaluations were reported as risk ratios (RRs) with 95% CIs using weighted random-effects models. RESULTS: The analysis included 6919 patients from 7 observational studies. Our meta-analysis showed significant differences between patients with optimal glycemic control and those with poor glycemic control with regard to improved treatment outcomes (RR 1.13, 95% CI 1.02-1.25; P=.02; I²=65%), reduced sputum positivity (RR 0.23, 95% CI 0.09-0.61; P=.003; I²=66%), and fewer cavitary lesions (RR 0.59, 95% CI 0.51-0.68; P<.001; I²=0%) in radiological findings. There was no significant difference between the 2 groups in terms of mortality (RR 0.57, 95% CI 0.22-1.49; P=.25; I²=0%), multilobar involvement (RR 0.57, 95% CI 0.22-1.49; P=.25; I²=0%) on radiologic examination, and upper lobe (RR 0.94, 95% CI 0.76-1.17; P=.58; I²=0%) and lower lobe (RR 1.05, 95% CI 0.48-2.30; P=.91; I²=75%) involvement on radiologic examination. CONCLUSIONS: We concluded that optimal glycemic control is crucial for reducing susceptibility, minimizing complications, and improving treatment outcomes in patients with TB with DM. Emphasizing effective health management and health care strategies are essential in achieving this control. Integrating comprehensive care among patients with TB with DM will enhance patient outcomes and alleviate the burden of disease in this population. TRIAL REGISTRATION: PROSPERO CRD42023427362; https://www.crd.york.ac.uk/prospero/display_record.php?RecordID=427362.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus , Tuberculose , Humanos , Controle Glicêmico , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Bases de Dados Factuais , Resultado do Tratamento , Tuberculose/complicações , Tuberculose/tratamento farmacológico , Tuberculose/epidemiologia
14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38569197

RESUMO

Ultraviolet photodetectors (UV PDs) have attracted significant attention due to their wide range of applications, such as underwater communication, biological analysis, and early fire warning systems. Indium oxide (In2O3) is a candidate for developing high-performance photoelectrochemical (PEC)-type UV PDs owing to its high UV absorption and good stability. However, the self-powered photoresponse of the previously reported In2O3-based PEC UV PDs is unsatisfactory. In this work, high-performance self-powered PEC UV PDs were constructed by using an In2O3 nanocube film (NCF) as a photoanode. In2O3 NCF photoanodes were synthesized on FTO by using hydrothermal methods with a calcining process. The influence of the electrolyte concentration, bias potential, and irradiation light on the photoresponse properties was systematically studied. In2O3 NCF PEC UV PDs exhibit outstanding self-powered photoresponses to 365 nm UV light with a high responsivity of 44.43 mA/W and fast response speed (20/30 ms) under zero bias potential, these results are superior to those of previously reported In2O3-based PEC UV PDs. The improved self-powered photoresponse is attributed to the higher photogenerated carrier separation efficiency and faster charge transport of the in-situ grown In2O3 NCF. In addition, these PDs exhibit excellent multicycle stability, maintaining the photocurrent at 98.69% of the initial value after 700 optical switching cycles. Therefore, our results prove the great promise of In2O3 in self-powered PEC UV PDs.

15.
Psychol Res Behav Manag ; 17: 1499-1514, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38595697

RESUMO

Purpose: We aim to explore the relationship between overparenting and social avoidance among emerging adults, and the mediating effects of peer attachment and gender differences. Participants and Methods: A total of 1161 Chinese college students completed the questionnaire. The structural equation model was established to validate the main effect model and the mediation model. Results: The results found that both paternal and maternal overparenting positively predicted social avoidance among emerging adults. Both attachment avoidance and attachment anxiety played a significant mediating role in the relationship between paternal overparenting and social avoidance. Attachment anxiety played a significant mediating role in the relationship between maternal overparenting and social avoidance, while, the mediating effect of attachment avoidance was not significant. In addition, gender differences were found in the mediating effects of peer attachment. The mediating effect of attachment anxiety in males' families had an opposite-gender matching effect, while in females' families, the mediating effect of attachment avoidance had an opposite-gender matching effect. Conclusion: This study contributes to the understanding of the effects of overparenting on emerging adults, enriching empirical research in related fields.

16.
Exp Ther Med ; 27(5): 225, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38596660

RESUMO

Radionuclide-based therapy represents a novel treatment regimen for tumors. Among these therapies, lutetium-177 (177Lu) has gained significant attention due to its stability and safety, as well as its ability to emit both γ and ß rays, allowing for both imaging with single photon emission computed tomography and tumor treatment. As a result, 177Lu can be used for both diagnosis and treatment for diseases such as prostatic and gastric cancer. Therefore, based on the available data, the present review provides a brief overview of the clinical applications of 177Lu-targeted radionuclide therapy in metastatic prostate cancer, neuroendocrine tumors and other types of solid tumors, and highlights the current therapeutic effect, reduction in damage to normal tissues and future research directions, including the development of new nuclides and the application of more nuclides in different tumors. In the future, such treatments could be used in more tumors.

17.
Adv Mater ; : e2403803, 2024 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38598181

RESUMO

Aqueous zinc-ion batteries are attractive post-lithium battery technologies for grid-scale energy storage because of their inherent safety, low cost and high theoretical capacity. However, their practical implementation in wide-temperature surroundings persistently confronts irregular zinc electrodeposits and parasitic side reactions on metal anode, which leads to poor rechargeability, low Coulombic efficiency and short lifespan. Here we report lamellar nanoporous Cu/Al2Cu heterostructure electrode as a promising anode host material to regulate high-efficiency and dendrite-free zinc electrodeposition and stripping for wide-temperatures aqueous zinc-ion batteries. In this unique electrode, the interconnective Cu/Al2Cu heterostructure ligaments not only facilitate fast electron transfer but work as highly zincophilic sites for zinc nucleation and deposition by virtue of local galvanic couples while the interpenetrative lamellar channels serving as mass transport pathways. As a result, it exhibits exceptional zinc plating/stripping behaviours in aqueous hybrid electrolyte of diethylene glycol dimethyl ether and Zn(OTf)2 at wide temperatures ranging from 25°C to -30°C, with ultralow voltage polarizations at various current densities and ultralong lifespan of >4000 hours. The outstanding electrochemical properties enlist full cell of zinc-ion batteries constructed with nanoporous Cu/Al2Cu anode host material and ZnxV2O5/C cathode to maintain high capacity and excellent stability for >5000 cycles at 25°C and -30°C. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

18.
Front Immunol ; 15: 1368275, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38562943

RESUMO

Autoimmune encephalitis (AE) broadly refers to inflammation of the brain parenchyma mediated by autoimmune mechanisms. In most patients with AE, autoantibodies against neuronal cell surface antigens are produced by B-cells and induce neuronal dysfunction through various mechanisms, ultimately leading to disease progression. In recent years, B-cell targeted therapies, including monoclonal antibody (mAb) therapy and chimeric antigen receptor T-cell (CAR-T) therapy, have been widely used in autoimmune diseases. These therapies decrease autoantibody levels in patients and have shown favorable results. This review summarizes the mechanisms underlying these two B-cell targeted therapies and discusses their clinical applications and therapeutic potential in AE. Our research provides clinicians with more treatment options for AE patients whose conventional treatments are not effective.


Assuntos
Doenças Autoimunes do Sistema Nervoso , Encefalite , Doença de Hashimoto , Humanos , Autoanticorpos , Anticorpos Monoclonais/uso terapêutico , Doenças Autoimunes do Sistema Nervoso/tratamento farmacológico
19.
Bioresour Technol ; 400: 130697, 2024 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38614145

RESUMO

Effects of a phosphorus-solubilizing bacteria (PSB) Bacillus megatherium on growth and lipid production of Chlorella sorokiniana were investigated in synthesized swine wastewater with dissolved inorganic phosphorus (DIP), insoluble inorganic phosphorus (IIP), and organic phosphorus (OP). The results showed that the PSB significantly promoted the algal growth in OP and IIP, by 1.10 and 1.78-fold, respectively. The algal lipid accumulation was also greatly triggered, respectively by 4.39, 1.68, and 1.38-fold in DIP, IIP, and OP. Moreover, compared with DIP, OP improved the oxidation stability of algal lipid by increasing the proportion of saturated fatty acids (43.8 % vs 27.9 %), while the PSB tended to adjust it to moderate ranges (30.2-41.6 %). Further, the transcriptome analysis verified the OP and/or PSB-induced up-regulated genes involving photosynthesis, lipid metabolism, signal transduction, etc. This study provided novel insights to enhance microalgae-based nutrient removal combined with biofuel production in practical wastewater, especially with complex forms of phosphorus.

20.
Biomol Biomed ; 2024 Apr 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38615341

RESUMO

Vitamin D is commonly used to prevent and treat osteoporosis, with studies indicating its potential to reduce fractures, falls, and mortality. However, meta-analyses present inconsistent findings regarding its efficacy, particularly reflecting significant variability in data and outcomes related to various dosing regimens. In this meta-analysis, we assessed the impact of high-dose intermittent oral administration of vitamin D3 on serum 25(OH)D levels, fractures, falls, and mortality among elderly individuals. We included 14 randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and employed Review Manager 5.4 for statistical analysis. Our findings indicate that intermittent monthly administration of vitamin D3 (over 800 IU per day) significantly raised serum 25(OH)D levels at all timepoints after six months, maintaining levels above 75 nmol/L throughout the year. This regimen showed no increase in all-cause mortality, with a risk ratio (95% CI) of 0.95 (0.87-1.04). Likewise, it did not significantly reduce the risks of falls and fractures, with risk ratios of 1.02 (0.98-1.05) and 0.95 (0.87-1.04) respectively. Although one-year intermittent administration significantly increased the concentration of 25(OH)D in serum, further research is needed to determine if this method would increase the incidence of falls. Therefore, it is not recommended at this stage due to the lack of demonstrated safety in additional relevant RCTs. This study had been registered on PROSPERO (CRD42022363229).

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