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1.
Org Biomol Chem ; 2023 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36628966

RESUMO

A PhI(OAc)2/Pd(OAc)2 system that synergistically promotes the formation of 8-hydroxyquinoline derivatives from benzoxazoles and alcohols has been developed. The reaction proceeded smoothly with a range of benzoxazoles and alcohols to give the corresponding 8-hydroxyquinoline derivatives in moderate yields.

2.
Ultrasonography ; 42(1): 89-99, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36588181

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to assess carotid stiffening in a pre-hypertensive (PHT) population using ultrafast pulse wave velocity (ufPWV). METHODS: This study retrospectively enrolled 626 individuals who underwent clinical interviews, serum tests, and assessments of the systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT), pulse wave velocity-beginning of systole (PWV-BS), and pulse wave velocity-end of systole (PWV-ES) between January 2017 and December 2021. The patients were divided into three groups according to their blood pressure (BP)-normal BP (NBP): SBP <130 mmHg and DBP <80 mmHg (n=215); PHT: 130 mmHg≤SBP<140 mmHg and/or 80 mmHg≤DBP<90 mmHg (n=119); hypertensive (HT): SBP ≥140 mmHg and/or DBP ≥90 mmHg (n=292). Correlation analyses and comparisons were performed among the groups and in the cIMT subgroups (cIMT ≥0.050 cm and <0.050 cm). RESULTS: cIMT and PWV-ES significantly differed among the BP groups (P<0.05). The BP groups had similar PWV-BS when cIMT <0.050 cm or cIMT ≥0.050 cm (all P>0.05). However, the NBP group had a notably lower PWV-ES than the PHT (P<0.001 and P=0.024) and HT (all P<0.001) groups in both cIMT categories, while the PWV-ES in the PHT group were not significantly lower than in the HT group (all P>0.05). CONCLUSION: Carotid morphological and biomechanical properties in the PHT group differed from those in the NBP group. ufPWV could be used for an early evaluation of carotid stiffening linked to pre-hypertension.

3.
Sci Rep ; 13(1): 1144, 2023 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36670114

RESUMO

To the problem of the complex pre-processing and post-processing to obtain head-position existing in the current crowd localization method using pseudo boundary box and pre-designed positioning map, this work proposes an end-to-end crowd localization framework named WSITrans, which reformulates the weakly-supervised crowd localization problem based on Transformer and implements crowd counting. Specifically, we first perform global maximum pooling (GMP) after each stage of pure Transformer, which can extract and retain more detail of heads. In addition, we design a binarization module that binarizes the output features of the decoder and fuses the confidence score to obtain more accurate confidence score. Finally, extensive experiments demonstrate that the proposed method achieves significant improvement on three challenging benchmarks. It is worth mentioning that the WSITrans improves F1-measure by 4.0%.


Assuntos
Benchmarking , Fontes de Energia Elétrica , Processos Mentais
4.
Talanta ; 255: 124253, 2023 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36630786

RESUMO

In this study, the spatial distribution and accumulation dynamics of volatile oil in Angelica sinensis roots was realized by fluorescence imaging combined with mass spectrometry imaging. The laser scanning confocal microscopy was used to determine the optimal excitation wavelength and the fluorescent stability of volatile oil in the sections of Angelica sinensis roots. The results demonstrated that 488 nm was the most suitable excitation wavelength for the identification and quantitative analysis of volatile oil. It was observed that volatile oil accumulated in the oil chamber of the phelloderm and secondary phloem, and the oil canal of the secondary xylem. The results also indicated that there were differences in content during different periods. Furthermore, the MALDI-TOF-MSI technology was used to study the spatial distribution and compare the chemical compositions of different parts of Angelica sinensis roots during the harvest period. A total of 55, 49, 50 and 30 compounds were identified from the head, body, tail of the root and root bark, respectively. The spatial distribution of phthalides, organic acids and other compounds were revealed in Angelica sinensis roots. The method developed in this study could be used for the in situ analysis of volatile oil in Angelica sinensis roots.


Assuntos
Angelica sinensis , Angelica , Óleos Voláteis , Angelica sinensis/química , Óleos Voláteis/análise , Espectrometria de Massas , Imagem Óptica , Tecnologia , Raízes de Plantas/química , Angelica/química
5.
Anal Chem ; 95(4): 2406-2412, 2023 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36669829

RESUMO

Hydrogen sulfide (H2S), as the third gas transporter in biological systems, plays a key role in the regulation of biological cells. Real-time detection of local H2S concentration in vivo is an important and challenging task. Herein, we explored a novel and facile strategy to develop a flexible and transparent H2S sensor based on gold nanowire (AuNW) and carbon nanotube (CNT) films embedded in poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) (AuNWs/CNTs/PDMS). Taking the advantage of the sandwich-like nanostructured network of AuNWs/CNTs, the prepared electrochemical sensing platform exhibited desirable electrocatalytic activity toward H2S oxidation with a wide linear range (5 nM to 24.9 µM) and a low dete ction limit (3 nM). Furthermore, thanks to the good biocompatibility and flexibility of the sensor, HeLa cells can be cultured directly on the electrode, allowing real-time monitoring of H2S released from cells under a stretched state. This work provides a versatile strategy for the construction of stretchable electrochemical sensors, which has potential applications in the study of H2S-related signal mechanotransduction and pathological processes.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Nanotubos de Carbono , Nanofios , Humanos , Células HeLa , Ouro , Mecanotransdução Celular , Técnicas Eletroquímicas
6.
ACS Omega ; 8(3): 2931-2941, 2023 Jan 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36713745

RESUMO

Peripheral nerve injury (PNI) is a common clinical disease caused by severe limb trauma, congenital malformations, and tumor resection, which may lead to significant functional impairment and permanent disability. Nerve conduit as a method for treating peripheral nerve injury shows good application prospects. In this work, the COL/CS composite films with different mass ratios of 1:0, 1:1, and 1:3 were fabricated by combining physical doping. Physicochemical characterization results showed that the COL/CS composite films possessed good swelling properties, ideal mechanical properties, degradability and suitable hydrophilicity, which could meet the requirements of nerve tissue engineering. In vitro cell experiments showed that the loading of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) gel on the surface of COL/CS composite films could significantly improve the biocompatibility of films and promote the proliferation of Schwann cells. In addition, a rat model of sciatic nerve defect was constructed to evaluate the effect of COL/CS composite films on peripheral nerve repair and the results showed that COL/CS composite films loaded with PRP gel could promote nerve regeneration and functional recovery in rats with sciatic nerve injury, indicating that the combination of PRP gel with the COL/CS composite film would be a potential approach for the treatment of peripheral nerve injury.

7.
PLoS One ; 18(1): e0280866, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36689420

RESUMO

Allelopathy has been considered a good explanation for the successful invasion of some invasive plants. However, the real latitudinal and longitudinal allelopathic effects on native species have rarely been documented since many exotics have spread widely. We conducted a Petri dish experiment to determine the latitudinal and longitudinal allelopathic patterns of an invasive alligator weed (Alternanthera philoxeroides) on a common crop (Lactuca sativa) in China, and find what determines the allelopathic intensity. The results showed that the allelopathic effects of A. philoxeroides increased with the latitude while decreased with the longitude. This indicated that A. philoxeroides used its allelopathy to gain competitive advantages more in its recent invaded communities than that in its early invaded ones as A. philoxeroides is expanding from southeast China to northwest China. Furthermore, we found that the allelopathic intensity of A. philoxeroide was negatively correlated to the leaf contents of soluble carbohydrate (SC), carbon (C) and nitrogen (N), but that was positively correlated to the leaf contents of soluble protein (SP), free amino acids (FAA), plant polyphenol (PP), phosphorus (P) and potassium (K). These results suggested that the allelopathic intensity of A. philoxeroide was more determined by the limited P and K nutrients as well as the intermediate allelochemicals (SP, FAA, PP) rather than the unlimited C, N and SC. Thus, we can speculate that the negative or positive effects of plant aqueous extracts are a function of not only the extract concentrations but also the trade-offs between inhibition and promotion of all components in the extracts. Then we could reduce the allelopathic effects of A. philoxeroide by controlling the component contents in the plant tissues, by fertilization or other managements, especially in the plant recent invaded communities.


Assuntos
Jacarés e Crocodilos , Amaranthaceae , Animais , Plantas Daninhas , Espécies Introduzidas , Alelopatia , China , Extratos Vegetais
9.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 2023 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36720581

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Retroperitoneal fibrosis (RPF) is a rare autoimmune disease with fibrous tissue growth and inflammation in retroperitoneum. Its current treatments involve long-term uptake of glucocorticoids (e.g., prednisone) for controlling inflammation; however, side effects are common. We strived for an improved therapy for fibrosis remission while reducing side effects. METHODS: We surveyed gene-disease-drug databases and discovered that mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) was a key signalling protein in RPF and the mTOR inhibitor compound sirolimus affected many RPF pathways. We designed a therapy combining a gradual reduction of prednisone with a long-term, stable dosage of sirolimus. We then implemented a single-arm clinical trial and assessed the effects in eight RPF patients at 0, 12 and 48 weeks of treatment by measuring fibrous tissue mass by CT, markers of inflammation and kidney functions by lab tests, immune cell profiles by flow cytometry and plasma inflammatory proteins by Olink proteomics. RESULTS: With the combined therapy, fibrous tissue shrunk about by half, markers of acute inflammation reduced by 70% and most patients with abnormal kidney functions had them restored to normal range. Molecularly, fibrosis-related T cell subsets, including TH2, TH17 and circulating TFH cells, were reduced and tumour necrosis factor and related cytokines restored to healthy levels. No severe long-term side effects were observed. CONCLUSIONS: Our combined therapy resulted in significant fibrosis remission and an overall regression of the immune system towards healthy states, while achieving good tolerance. We concluded that this new therapy had the potential to replace the steroid monotherapy for treating RPF.

10.
Mar Pollut Bull ; 187: 114490, 2023 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36610298

RESUMO

Antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) are considered a newly emerging contaminant. This study aimed to investigate the spatial and media distribution patterns of ARGs in Jiaozhou Bay, as well as the reasons behind these patterns. The results revealed that aminoglycoside and MLSB resistant genes predominated in all samples, and the relative abundance of ARGs ranging from 10-6 to 10-2, 10-6 to 10-3 and 10-5 to 10-2 copies/16S rRNA in coastal water, bay water, and sediments, respectively. The significant spatial variation of ARGs was explained by the fact that the coastal water was more susceptible to human activities, whereas environmental physicochemical factors played a crucial role in the bay water. The intrinsic reason for the media distribution variation was the different assembly processes in the two media, while the external reason was that the ARGs in the water and sediments were mainly influenced by environmental physicochemical factors and heavy metals, respectively.

11.
Anal Sci ; 2023 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36680670

RESUMO

Sodium thiocyanate (NaSCN) can be added to fresh milk to enhance the sterilization ability of the lactoperoxidase system (LP system) in milk, extending shelf life. However, excessive intake of NaSCN can be harmful to human health because it can prevent absorption of iodine leading to disease. Also NaSCN can be used as a marker to distinguish smokers from non-smokers. In this work, we successfully synthesized meatball-like Al2O3@Ag composite structures as surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) substrates using a simple wet chemical method adapted to conventional laboratory conditions. The substrate exhibited strong SERS enhancement for NaSCN. Under the optimal experiment conditions, we obtained a detection limit of 0.28 µg L-1 and a quantification limit of 1 µg L-1, R2 = 0.992. Based on the analysis of the intensity of SERS characteristic peak, the substrate had good reproducibility and uniformity. In summary, the Al2O3@Ag composite structure achieved sensitive SERS detection of NaSCN. Combining the facile and low-cost methods, we believe that the SERS detection method developed in this work can be used as a potential candidate for biosensing applications in the future.

12.
Biol Direct ; 18(1): 1, 2023 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36631876

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pancreatic cancer (PC) is a highly lethal malignancy that requires effective novel therapies. M2 macrophages are abundant in the PC microenvironment and promote cancer progression. Exosomes are emerging mediators of the crosstalk between cancer cells and the microenvironment. This study was conducted to explore the role of M2 macrophage-derived exosomes in PC. METHODS: Exosomes derived from M2 macrophages were extracted. miR-193b-3p and TRIM62 were overexpressed or silenced to examine their function in PC. Luminescence assays were used to investigate the interaction between miR-193b-3p and TRIM62. Cell proliferation was examined by EdU staining. Would healing and transwell assays were applied to evaluate cell migration and invasion. Co-immunoprecipitation was used to assess the interaction between TRIM62 and c-Myc. Gene and protein expressions were analyzed by quantitative RT-PCR and immunoblotting, respectively. RESULTS: M2 macrophage-derived exosomal miR-193b-3p promoted the proliferation, migration, invasion, and glutamine uptake of SW1990 cells. Mechanism study revealed that TRIM62 is a target of miR-193b-3p. TRIM62 inhibited the proliferation, migration, invasion, and glutamine uptake of SW1990 cells by promoting c-Myc ubiquitination. Our data also suggested that TRIM62 expression negatively correlated with miR-193b-3p and c-Myc expression. High-expression of miR-193b-3p and c-Myc predicts poor prognosis, whereas low-expression of TRIM62 predicts poor prognosis in patients with PC. CONCLUSION: M2 macrophage-derived exosomal miR-193b-3p enhances the proliferation, migration, invasion, and glutamine uptake of PC cells by targeting TRIM62, resulting in the decrease of c-Myc ubiquitination. This study not only reveals the mechanism underlying the crosstalk between M2 macrophages and PC cells but also suggests a promising therapeutic target for PC.


Assuntos
Exossomos , MicroRNAs , Neoplasias Pancreáticas , Humanos , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Glutamina/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Exossomos/genética , Exossomos/metabolismo , Exossomos/patologia , Proliferação de Células , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Microambiente Tumoral
13.
Anal Bioanal Chem ; 2023 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36639530

RESUMO

In this paper, we proposed an efficient method for mercury(II) and glutathione detection using a fluorescent nanoprobe as a sensor. Carbon dots were synthesized from polyethyleneimine and ammonium citrate via a one-step hydrothermal method. The fluorescence of carbon dots was quenched since electron transfer occurred due to the interaction between mercury(II) and functional groups on the surface of carbon dots. Adding glutathione to the carbon dots-mercury(II) system, the fluorescence was recovered due to the stronger binding ability of glutathione to mercury(II). Based on the above-mentioned principle, this "off-on" fluorescent sensor can easily achieve the detection of mercury(II) and glutathione, which provided limits of detection of 22.45 nM and 61.89 nM, respectively. In this paper, the proposed method has been applied to detect mercury(II) and glutathione in real lake water and serum, respectively, and a logic gate for sensing glutathione was presented. The developed "off-on" fluorescent sensor with high sensitivity and selectivity has shown great potential for mercury(II) and glutathione detection in environmental and biosensing fields.

14.
Neuromolecular Med ; 2023 Jan 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36639554

RESUMO

Sleep deprivation causes significant memory impairment in healthy adults. Extensive research has focused on identifying the biological mechanisms underlying memory impairment. Microglia-mediated synaptic elimination plays an indispensable role in sleep deprivation. Here, the potential role of the CD33/TREM2 signaling pathway in modulating memory decline during chronic sleep restriction (CSR) was evaluated. In this study, adult male C57BL/6 mice were sleep-restricted using an automated sleep deprivation apparatus for 20 h per day for 7 days. The Y-maze test revealed that spontaneous alternation was significantly reduced in CSR mice compared with control mice. The percentage of exploratory preference for the novel object in CSR mice was significantly decreased compared with that in control mice. These memory deficits correlated with aberrant microglial activation and increased phagocytic ability. Moreover, in CSR mice, the CD33 protein level in hippocampal tissue was significantly downregulated, but the TREM2 protein level was increased. In BV2 microglial cells, downregulation of CD33 increased TREM2 expression and improved microglial phagocytosis. Then, the sialic ligand monosialo-ganglioside 1 (GM1, 20 mg/kg, i.p.) was administered to mice once a day during CSR. Our results further showed that GM1 activated CD33 and consequently disturbed TREM2-mediated microglial phagocytosis. Finally, GM1 reversed CSR-induced synaptic loss and memory impairment via the CD33/TREM2 signaling pathway in the CA1 region of the hippocampus. This study provides novel evidence that activating CD33 and/or inhibiting TREM2 activity represent potential therapies for sleep loss-induced memory deficits through the modulation of microglial phagocytosis.

15.
Nutrients ; 15(1)2023 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36615867

RESUMO

The associations of sleep duration and midday napping with homocysteine (Hcy) levels, and whether these sleep behaviors modify the association between genetic predisposition and Hcy levels, has yet to be investigated. We included 19,426 participants without severe health conditions at baseline from the Dongfeng-Tongji cohort. In a subgroup of 15,126 participants with genetic data, a genetic risk score (GRS) based on 18 Hcy-related loci was constructed to test the gene-sleep interactions in Hcy. Hcy levels were higher in subjects with a long sleep duration (≥9 h) and midday napping (>90 min), as compared to those who reported a moderate sleep duration (7 to <8 h) and midday napping (1-30 min) (all p values < 0.05). A long sleep duration and midday napping showed a joint effect in increasing Hcy (p for trend < 0.001). Significant interactions regarding Hcy levels were observed for a long sleep duration with GRS and MTHFR rs1801133, and long midday napping with DPEP1 rs12921383 (all p values for interaction < 0.05). Overall findings indicated that a long sleep duration and midday napping were associated with elevated serum Hcy levels, independently and jointly, and amplified the genetic susceptibility to higher Hcy.


Assuntos
Interação Gene-Ambiente , Humanos , Sono/genética , Fatores de Risco , Homocisteína , China
16.
Bioresour Technol ; 369: 128488, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36528181

RESUMO

This paper aims to explore the role of proline (Pro) in the production of biomass and astaxanthin (AST) in stress-induced Haematococcus pluvialis. The astaxanthin content and productivity were 24.02 mg g-1 and 2.22 mg/L d-1 under abiotic stresses, respectively. After 100 µM Pro supplementation, the biomass, AST and lipid contents reached 1.43 g/L, 29.91 mg g-1 and 56.79 %, which were enhanced by 19.16 %, 33.52 % and 11.08 %, respectively, compared to the control. Pro-treated regulated chlorophyll, carbohydrate and protein accumulation and upregulated carotenogenic, lipogenic and antioxidant enzymes-associated gene levels; as well as increased endogenous Pro content, but reduced ROS (Reactive oxygen species) and MDA (Malondialdehyde) levels and alleviated oxidative stress, which might be involved in AST biosynthesis. Further data showed Pro has a positive role in biomass and AST coaccumulation in different H. pluvialis species, suggesting application of Pro was an effective strategy to improve AST productivity of H. pluvialis.


Assuntos
Clorofíceas , Clorófitas , Clorófitas/metabolismo , Clorofíceas/metabolismo , Xantofilas/metabolismo , Clorofila/metabolismo
17.
Cytokine ; 162: 155994, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36584452

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sepsis is identified as a severe inflammatory disease. Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) has been reported to be a powerful anti-inflammatory chemical substance in numerous diseases. However, the underlying mechanism of the anti-inflammatory effects of EGCG in sepsis remains to be elucidated. METHODS: The surgery for cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) was performed on male C57BL/6J mice aged 8 weeks. THP-1 cells were treated with 1 µg/ml lipopolysaccharide (LPS) for 24 h to imitate sepsis in vitro. Haematoxylene-Eosin (HE) staining of the sections of liver, lung and kidney was performed to evaluate the pathological changes. The inflammatory cytokines were quantitated by ELISA. qRT-PCR was performed to measure the expression levels of PVT1, miR-16-5p, and TLR4. The protein level of TLR4 was also assessed by Western blotting. Double luciferase reporter assay and RIP assay were performed to validate the interactions among PVT1, miR-16-5p, and TLR4. RESULTS: EGCG inhibited the expression levels of PVT1 and TLR4 and enhanced miR-16-5p expression in CLP-operated mice and LPS-treated THP-1 cells. EGCG reduced the levels of inflammatory cytokines, which were restored by PVT1 overexpression. Mechanistically, PVT1 bound with miR-16-5p to activate TLR4 signaling. Further experiments demonstrated that miR-16-5p silencing or TLR4 overexpression antagonized sh-PVT1 or miR-16-5p mimics-mediated inhibitory effects on inflammatory cytokines, respectively. Knockdown of PVT1 alleviated inflammatory injury in CLP-induced sepsis in mice. CONCLUSION: EGCG may effectively lower the levels of sepsis-induced inflammatory cytokines by targeting the PVT1/miR-16-5p/TLR4 axis.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs , RNA Longo não Codificante , Sepse , Masculino , Animais , Camundongos , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Receptor 4 Toll-Like/metabolismo , Lipopolissacarídeos/efeitos adversos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Citocinas/metabolismo , Anti-Inflamatórios/efeitos adversos , Sepse/genética , Apoptose/genética
19.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 289: 122217, 2023 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36529043

RESUMO

Emodin is a natural drug for treating neurodegenerative diseases and plays a vital role in the mitigation of nerve damage. Metal ions can modify the drug properties of emodin, where Zn2+ can synergize with the emodin molecule and enhance the drug effect of emodin. Besides, complex changes can be observed in the fluorescence intensity and fluorescence lifetime of the emodin molecule as the concentration of Zn2+ increases. Herein, the synergistic effects of ligand structural in Zn(II)-Emodin complexes and the electronic effects of metal elements on the antioxidant properties of the complexes are discussed in detail based on UV-vis absorption spectroscopy, fluorescence spectroscopy, time-correlated single photon counting (TCSPC) technique and quantum chemical calculations at the B3LYP/6-31G(d) level. The experimental results confirm that Zn2+ can coordinate with the hydroxyl groups on the emodin to make the molecule structure more rigid, thus inhibiting the non-radiative processes such as high-frequency vibrations of the emodin molecule in solution. The suppression of non-radiative processes leads to an increase in the average fluorescence lifetime of the emodin molecule, and finally results in the enhanced fluorescence intensity. The chemical softness of Zn(II)-Emodin is then confirmed to be higher than that of emodin by Gaussian calculations, indicating its higher chemical reactivity and lower stability. The stronger electron donating ability of Zn(II)-Emodin compared to emodin may explain the higher antioxidant activity of Zn(II)-Emodin, which gives it a stronger pharmacological activity. The results of this study show that emodin can well complex with Zn2+ to remove excess Zn2+ in human body and the resulting complex has better antioxidant properties, which helps to understand the role of Zn2+ in drug-metal coordination and provides guidance for the design of new drugs.


Assuntos
Emodina , Humanos , Espectrometria de Fluorescência , Emodina/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Íons , Zinco/química
20.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 288: 122179, 2022 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36463624

RESUMO

The accurate detection of fructose in human urine can help prevent and screen for diseases such as fructokinase deficiency and hereditary fructose intolerance. Surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) is an analytical technique with selectivity and high sensitivity, which has been widely applied to the detection of targets with complex backgrounds. In this work, 4-mercaptophenylboronic acid (4-MPBA) was modified on the surface of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) under mild conditions to obtain a boronic acid-functionalized SERS substrate for the detection of fructose in artificial urine. The detection mechanism was based on the deboronization reaction of 4-MPBA on the surface of AgNPs, which was induced by fructose, and the Raman signal of the generated thiophenol (TP) molecules was significantly enhanced by the silver nanoparticles, with a linear increase in SERS peak intensity at 1570 cm-1. We achieved the detection limits of 0.084 µmol/L in water and 0.535 µmol/L in urine by this method. The relative standard deviation (RSD) in the recovery experiments of urine ranged from 1.01 % to 2.22 %, and the whole detection time was less than 10 min, which indicated that this method is highly reliable for fructose detection and has a good prospect in bioassay and clinical medicine.

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