Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 1.995
Filtrar
1.
Heliyon ; 10(10): e30699, 2024 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38770343

RESUMO

Background: Neurofilaments are neuron specific skeleton proteins maintaining axon transduction speed, leaked into cerebrospinal fluid and serum after axonal injury or neuron death. Sleep duration change has long related to many health issues but lack laboratory examination. Methods: This study enrolled total 10,175 participants from 2013 to 2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey and used a multi-variable linear model to analyze the relationship between sleep duration and serum neurofilament light chain (sNfL) level. Results: There was a fixed relationship between sleep duration and sNfL level (ß = 0.65, p = 0.0280). After adjusted for covariates, this relationship still (ß = 0.82, p = 0.0052). Segmented regression showed that the turning point of sleep duration was 7 h 1 h decrease in sleep duration was significantly associated with -1.26 higher sNfL level (95 % CI: 2.25, -0.28; p = 0.0115) when sleep duration <7 h; however, 1 h increase in sleep duration was significantly associated with 3.20 higher sNfL level (95 % CI: 2.13, 4.27; p < 0.0001) when sleep duration >7 h. Furthermore, the stratified analysis indicated that the associations between sleep duration and sNfL level were stronger among those normal body mass index and trouble sleeping (p-interaction <0.0001 and 0.0003). Conclusion: In summary, there was a J-shaped relationship between sleep duration and sNfL level in the United States of America representative group, these may suggest that extreme sleep duration can be deleterious judged by sNfL level. And still need large cohort study to determine the accurate relationship, and cluster analysis to infer the nervous disease connected with extreme sleep duration.

2.
Am J Med Genet A ; : e63712, 2024 May 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38757552

RESUMO

Chromosomal microarrays (CMA) incorporate single nucleotide polymorphisms to enable the detection of regions of homozygosity (ROH). Here, we retrospectively analyzed 6288 prenatal cases who performed CMA to explored the clinical implications of large ROH in prenatal diagnosis. We analyzed cases with ROH larger than 10 megabases and reviewed the ultrasound findings; karyotype results and pregnancy follow-up data. Cases with possible imprinting disorders were assessed by methylation-specific multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification. In total, we identified 50 cases with large ROH and chromosomes 1 and 2 were the most affected. About 59.18% of the ROH cases had ultrasound abnormalities, with the most common findings being ultrasound soft-marker abnormalities. There were seven fetuses had ROH which covered almost the entire chromosome and four had terminal ROH that involved almost the entire long arm of the chromosomes, which indicated uniparental disomy (UPD), of which 70% showed abnormal ultrasound findings. Ten cases with multiple ROH on different chromosomes indicated the third to fifth degree of consanguinity. In this study, we highlighted the clinical relevance of large ROH related to UPD. The analysis of ROH allowed us to gain further understanding of complex cytogenetic and disease mechanisms in prenatal diagnosis.

3.
Molecules ; 29(9)2024 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38731589

RESUMO

Multiscale nano/micro-structured surfaces with superhydrophobicity are abundantly observed in nature such as lotus leaves, rose petals and butterfly wings, where microstructures typically reinforce mechanical stability, while nanostructures predominantly govern wettability. To emulate such hierarchical structures in nature, various methods have been widely applied in the past few decades to the manufacture of multiscale structures which can be applied to functionalities ranging from anti-icing and water-oil separation to self-cleaning. In this review, we highlight recent advances in nano/micro-structured superhydrophobic surfaces, with particular focus on non-metallic materials as they are widely used in daily life due to their lightweight, abrasion resistance and ease of processing properties. This review is organized into three sections. First, fabrication methods of multiscale hierarchical structures are introduced with their strengths and weaknesses. Second, four main application areas of anti-icing, water-oil separation, anti-fog and self-cleaning are overviewed by assessing how and why multiscale structures need to be incorporated to carry out their performances. Finally, future directions and challenges for nano/micro-structured surfaces are presented.

4.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 269(Pt 2): 132179, 2024 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38723817

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Parkinson's disease (PD) is a prevalent neurodegenerative disorder, marked by the degeneration of dopamine (DA) neurons in the substantia nigra (SN). Current evidence strongly suggests that neuroinflammation, primarily mediated by microglia, contributes to PD pathogenesis. Triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells 2 (TREM2) might serve as a promising therapeutic target for PD due to its ability to suppress neuroinflammation. Dihydroquercetin (DHQ) is an important natural dihydroflavone and confers apparent anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and anti-fibrotic effects. Recently, DHQ-mediated neuroprotection was exhibited. However, the specific mechanisms of its neuroprotective effects remain incompletely elucidated. METHODS: In this study, rat models were utilized to induce damage to DA neurons using lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) to assess the impacts of DHQ on the loss of DA neurons. Furthermore, DA neuronal MN9D cells and microglial BV2 cells were employed to investigate the function of TREM2 in DHQ-mediated DA neuroprotection. Finally, TREM2 knockout mice were used to investigate whether the neuroprotective effects mediated by DHQ through a mechanism dependent on TREM2. RESULTS: The main findings demonstrated that DHQ effectively protected DA neurons against neurotoxicity induced by LPS and 6-OHDA and inhibited microglia-elicited neuroinflammation. Meanwhile, DHQ promoted microglial TREM2 signaling activation. Notably, DHQ failed to reduce inflammatory cytokines release and further present neuroprotection from DA neurotoxicity upon TREM2 silencing. Similarly, DHQ didn't exert DA neuroprotection in TREM2 knockout mice. CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that DHQ exerted DA neuroprotection by regulating microglia TREM2 activation.

5.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 332: 118362, 2024 May 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38768838

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: In ancient times, ginseng was used for hyperuricemia treatment as described in the classic traditional Chinese medical text Shang Han Lun. Recent studies have shown that common ginsenosides and rare ginsenosides (RGS) are the main active compounds in ginseng. RGS have higher activity and are less studied in the treatment of hyperuricemia. AIM OF THE STUDY: To determine whether RGS prevents and ameliorates potassium oxonate(PO)-induced hyperuricemia and concomitant spermatozoa damage in mice and the possible underlying mechanisms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Potassium oxonate (PO, 300 mg/kg) induced hyperuricemia in mice via the oral administration of RGS (50, 100, or 200 mg/kg) or allopurinol (ALL, 5 mg/kg) for 35 days. Uric acid (UA) and xanthine oxidase (XO) levels were measured to assess the degree of histopathological damage in the liver, kidney, and testis, and renal creatinine (CRE), urea nitrogen (BUN), malondialdehyde (MDA), superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione (GSH), and inflammatory factor (IL-1ß) levels were measured to calculate the sperm density. Mechanisms were also explored based on blood and urine metabolomics and the gut microbiota. RESULTS: In this study, we demonstrated that RGS containing Rg3, Rk1, Rg6, and Rg5 could reduce serum UA levels, inhibit serum and hepatic XO activity, reduce renal CRE and BUN levels, further restore renal SOD and GSH activities, reduce the accumulation of MDA in the kidneys, and attenuate the production of renal IL-1ß. RGS was able to restore sperm density. Metabolomic analysis revealed that RGS improved sphingolipid metabolism, pyrimidine metabolism, and other metabolic pathways. 16S rDNA sequencing revealed that RGS could increase gut microbial diversity, restore the Firmicutes/Bacteroidetes (F/B) ratio, and adjust the intestinal microbial balance. Spearman's correlation analysis revealed a correlation between differentially metabolites and the gut microbiota. Lactobacillus and Akkermansia are the core genera. CONCLUSION: RGS can be a candidate for the prevention and amelioration of hyperuricemia and concomitant sperm damage. Its mechanism of action is closely related to sphingolipid metabolism, pyrimidine metabolism, and the modulation of gut microbiota, such as Lactobacillus and Akkermansia.

6.
DNA Cell Biol ; 2024 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38700464

RESUMO

Megalencephaly-polymicrogyria-polydactyly-hydrocephalus syndrome (MPPH), a type of overgrowth syndrome, is characterized by progressive megalencephaly, cortical brain malformations, and distal limb anomalies. Previous studies have revealed that the overactivity of the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase-Protein kinase B pathway and the increased cyclin D2 (CCND2) expression were the main factors contributing to this disease. Here, we present the case of a patient who exhibited megalencephaly, polymicrogyria, abnormal neuronal migration, and developmental delay. Serum tandem mass spectrometry and chromosome examination did not detect any metabolic abnormalities or copy number variants. However, whole-exome sequencing and Sanger sequencing revealed a de novo nonsense mutation (NM_001759.3: c.829C>T; p.Gln277X) in the CCND2 gene of the patient. Bioinformatics analysis predicted that this mutation may disrupt the structure and surface charge of the CCND2 protein. This disruption could potentially prevent polyubiquitination of CCND2, leading to its resistance against degradation. Consequently, this could drive cell division and growth by altering the activity of key cell cycle regulatory nodes, ultimately contributing to the development of MPPH. This study not only presents a new case of MPPH and expands the mutation spectrum of CCND2 but also enhances our understanding of the mechanisms connecting CCND2 with overgrowth syndromes.

7.
Sci Total Environ ; 934: 173118, 2024 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38750757

RESUMO

The brominated flame retardant 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether (PBDE-47) is a ubiquitous environmental pollutant that causes neurotoxicity. However, incomplete understanding of the underlying mechanisms has hampered the development of effective intervention strategies. Oxidative stress and related cell death are the modes of action for PBDE-47 neurotoxicity, which are also the characteristics of ferroptosis. Nonetheless, the role of ferroptosis in PBDE-47-induced neurotoxicity remains unclear. In the present study, we found that PBDE-47 triggered ferroptosis in neuron-like PC12 cells, as evidenced by intracellular iron overload, lipid peroxidation, and mitochondrial damage. This was confirmed by ferroptosis inhibitors including the lipid reactive oxygen species scavenger ferrostatin-1 and iron chelator deferoxamine mesylate. Mechanistically, PBDE-47 impaired ferritinophagy by disrupting nuclear receptor coactivator 4-mediated lysosomal degradation of the iron storage protein ferritin. Moreover, PBDE-47 disturbed iron metabolism by increasing cellular iron import via upregulation of transferrin receptor 1 and decreasing cellular iron export via downregulation of ferroportin 1 (FPN1). Intriguingly, rescuing lysosomal function by overexpressing cathepsin B (CatB) mitigated PBDE-47-induced ferroptosis by partially restoring dysfunctional ferritinophagy and enhancing iron excretion via the upregulation of FPN1. However, FPN1 knockdown reversed the beneficial effects of CatB overexpression on the PBDE-47-induced iron overload. Finally, network pharmacology integrated with experimental validation revealed that Canolol, the main phenolic compound in canola oil, protected against PBDE-47-evoked iron overload, resulting in ferroptosis by restoring defective ferritinophagy and improving abnormal iron metabolism via lowering iron uptake and facilitating iron excretion. Overall, these data suggest that ferroptosis is a novel mechanism of PBDE-47-induced neuronal death and that manipulation of ferritinophagy and iron metabolism via Canolol represents a promising therapeutic strategy.

8.
Nat Med ; 30(5): 1448-1460, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38760586

RESUMO

In a previous study, heart xenografts from 10-gene-edited pigs transplanted into two human decedents did not show evidence of acute-onset cellular- or antibody-mediated rejection. Here, to better understand the detailed molecular landscape following xenotransplantation, we carried out bulk and single-cell transcriptomics, lipidomics, proteomics and metabolomics on blood samples obtained from the transplanted decedents every 6 h, as well as histological and transcriptomic tissue profiling. We observed substantial early immune responses in peripheral blood mononuclear cells and xenograft tissue obtained from decedent 1 (male), associated with downstream T cell and natural killer cell activity. Longitudinal analyses indicated the presence of ischemia reperfusion injury, exacerbated by inadequate immunosuppression of T cells, consistent with previous findings of perioperative cardiac xenograft dysfunction in pig-to-nonhuman primate studies. Moreover, at 42 h after transplantation, substantial alterations in cellular metabolism and liver-damage pathways occurred, correlating with profound organ-wide physiological dysfunction. By contrast, relatively minor changes in RNA, protein, lipid and metabolism profiles were observed in decedent 2 (female) as compared to decedent 1. Overall, these multi-omics analyses delineate distinct responses to cardiac xenotransplantation in the two human decedents and reveal new insights into early molecular and immune responses after xenotransplantation. These findings may aid in the development of targeted therapeutic approaches to limit ischemia reperfusion injury-related phenotypes and improve outcomes.


Assuntos
Transplante de Coração , Xenoenxertos , Transplante Heterólogo , Humanos , Animais , Suínos , Masculino , Feminino , Rejeição de Enxerto/imunologia , Rejeição de Enxerto/genética , Proteômica , Metabolômica , Leucócitos Mononucleares/metabolismo , Leucócitos Mononucleares/imunologia , Transcriptoma , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Linfócitos T/imunologia , Linfócitos T/metabolismo , Lipidômica , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/imunologia , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/genética , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/metabolismo , Multiômica
9.
J Food Sci ; 2024 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38706376

RESUMO

Heterocyclic amines (HCAs) have potential carcinogenic and mutagenic activity and are generated in cooked protein-rich foods. Adding proanthocyanidins (PAs) to these foods before frying is an effective way to reduce HCAs. In this study, polymeric PAs (PPA) and ultrasound-assisted acid-catalyzed/catechin nucleophilic depolymerized PAs (UAPA, a type of oligomeric PA) were prepared from Chinese quince fruits (CQF). Different levels of PPA and UAPA (0.05%, 0.1%, and 0.15%) were added to chicken meatballs and tofu; then these foods were fried, and the content of HCAs in them after frying was investigated. The results showed that PPA and, particularly, UAPA significantly inhibited the formation of HCAs in fried meatballs and tofu, and this inhibition was dose-dependent. The inhibition of HCAs by both PPA and UAPA was stronger in the chicken meatballs than in fried tofu. The level of total HCAs was significantly reduced by 57.84% (from 11.93 to 5.03 ng/g) after treatment of meatballs with 0.15% UAPA, with inhibition rates of 78.94%, 50.37%, and 17.81% for norharman, harman, and 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine (PhIP), respectively. Of note, there was a negative correlation between water, lipid, protein, creatine, and glucose content and HCA content in the crust, interior, and whole (crust-plus-interior) measurements of all fried samples. Interestingly, PPA and UAPA were found more effective in inhibiting HCAs in the exterior crust than in the interior of the fried chicken meatballs. These results provide evidence that further studies on the reduction of the formation of harmful HCAs in fried foods by adding CQF PAs could be valuable to the fried food industry. PRACTICAL APPLICATION: Chinese quince proanthocyanidins treatments significantly inhibited the generation of heterocyclic amines (HCAs) in chicken meatballs and tofu when deep-fried. These results suggest that Chinese quince proanthocyanidins can be used as natural food additive for reducing HCAs in fried foods, laying the foundation for using Chinese quince fruit proanthocyanidins for HCA inhibition in the food industry.

10.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 11382, 2024 05 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38762668

RESUMO

The annual increase in myopia prevalence poses a significant economic and health challenge. Our study investigated the effect of calcitriol role in myopia by inducing the condition in guinea pigs through form deprivation for four weeks. Untargeted metabolomics methods were used to analyze the differences in metabolites in the vitreous body, and the expression of vitamin D receptor (VDR) in the retina was detected. Following form deprivation, the guinea pigs received intraperitoneal injections of calcitriol at different concentrations. We assessed myopia progression using diopter measurements and biometric analysis after four weeks. Results indicated that form deprivation led to a pronounced shift towards myopia, characterized by reduced choroidal and scleral thickness, disorganized collagen fibers, and decreased scleral collagen fiber diameter. Notably, a reduction in calcitriol expression in vitreous body, diminished vitamin D and calcitriol levels in the blood, and decreased VDR protein expression in retinal tissues were observed in myopic guinea pigs. Calcitriol administration effectively slowed myopia progression, preserved choroidal and scleral thickness, and prevented the reduction of scleral collagen fiber diameter. Our findings highlight a significant decrease in calcitriol and VDR expressions in myopic guinea pigs and demonstrate that exogenous calcitriol supplementation can halt myopia development, enhancing choroidal and scleral thickness and scleral collagen fiber diameter.


Assuntos
Calcitriol , Miopia , Retina , Animais , Cobaias , Miopia/metabolismo , Miopia/tratamento farmacológico , Miopia/patologia , Calcitriol/farmacologia , Retina/metabolismo , Retina/efeitos dos fármacos , Retina/patologia , Receptores de Calcitriol/metabolismo , Receptores de Calcitriol/genética , Masculino , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Esclera/metabolismo , Esclera/efeitos dos fármacos , Esclera/patologia , Corioide/metabolismo , Corioide/efeitos dos fármacos , Corioide/patologia , Vitamina D/farmacologia , Vitamina D/administração & dosagem , Comprimento Axial do Olho , Corpo Vítreo/metabolismo , Corpo Vítreo/efeitos dos fármacos , Progressão da Doença , Colágeno/metabolismo
11.
Glob Heart ; 19(1): 48, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38765775

RESUMO

Background: There is growing evidence that concentrations of DNA methylation are associated with cardiovascular disease; however, it is unclear whether this association reflects a causal relationship. Methods: We utilized a two-sample Mendelian randomization (MR) approach to investigate whether DNA methylation can affect the risk of developing cardiovascular disease in human life. We primarily performed the inverse variance weighted (IVW) method to analyze the causal effect of DNA methylation on multiple cardiovascular diseases. Additionally, to ensure the robustness of our findings, we conducted several sensitivity analyses using alternative methodologies. These analysis methods included maximum likelihood, MR-Egger regression, weighted median method, and weighted model methods. Results: Inverse variance weighted estimates suggested that an SD increase in DNA methylation Hannum age acceleration exposure increased the risk of cardiac arrhythmias (OR = 1.03, 95% CI 1.00-1.05, p = 0.0290) and atrial fibrillation (OR = 1.03, 95% CI 1.00-1.05, p = 0.0022). We also found that an SD increase in DNA methylation PhenoAge acceleration exposure increased the risk of heart failure (OR = 1.01, 95% CI 1.00-1.03, p = 0.0362). Exposure to DNA methylation-estimated granulocyte proportions was found to increase the risk of hypertension (OR = 1.00, 95% CI 1.00-1.0001, p = 0.0291). Exposure to DNA methylation-estimated plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 levels was found to increase the risk of heart failure (OR = 1.00, 95% CI 1.00-1.00, p = 0.0215). Conclusion: This study reveals a causal relationship between DNA methylation and CVD. Exposed to high levels of DNA methylation Hannum age acceleration inhabitants with an increased risk of cardiac arrhythmias and atrial fibrillation. DNA methylation PhenoAge acceleration levels exposure levels were positively associated with the increased risk of developing heart failure. This has important implications for the prevention of cardiovascular diseases.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Metilação de DNA , Análise da Randomização Mendeliana , Humanos , Análise da Randomização Mendeliana/métodos , Doenças Cardiovasculares/genética , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco
12.
J Clin Pharmacol ; 2024 May 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38766706

RESUMO

Tacrolimus metabolism is heavily influenced by the CYP3A5 genotype, which varies widely among African Americans (AA). We aimed to assess the performance of a published genotype-informed tacrolimus dosing model in an independent set of adult AA kidney transplant (KTx) recipients. CYP3A5 genotypes were obtained for all AA KTx recipients (n = 232) from 2010 to 2019 who met inclusion criteria at a single transplant center in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA. Medical record data were used to calculate predicted tacrolimus clearance using the published AA KTx dosing equation and two modified iterations. Observed and model-predicted trough levels were compared at 3 days, 3 months, and 6 months post-transplant. The mean prediction error at day 3 post-transplant was 3.05 ng/mL, indicating that the model tended to overpredict the tacrolimus trough. This bias improved over time to 1.36 and 0.78 ng/mL at 3 and 6 months post-transplant, respectively. Mean absolute prediction error-a marker of model precision-improved with time to 2.33 ng/mL at 6 months. Limiting genotype data in the model decreased bias and improved precision. The bias and precision of the published model improved over time and were comparable to studies in previous cohorts. The overprediction observed by the published model may represent overfitting to the initial cohort, possibly limiting generalizability.

13.
J Nat Med ; 78(3): 702-708, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38662303

RESUMO

Two new sesterterpenoids, atractylodes japonica terpenoid acid I (1) and atractylodes japonica terpenoid aldehyde I (2), were isolated from the rhizomes of Atractylodes japonica Koidz. ex Kitam together with ten known compounds (3-12). Their structures were elucidated on the basis of comprehensive spectroscopic analysis (1D/2D NMR, HRESIMS and IR). In addition, all of these isolated compounds were evaluated for their cytotoxic activities against human gastric cancer cell MGC-803 and human hepatocellular cancer cell HepG-2. Most of them exhibited moderate to weak inhibitory effects with IC50 values in the range of 25.15-88.85 µM except for 9-12.


Assuntos
Atractylodes , Rizoma , Sesterterpenos , Atractylodes/química , Humanos , Estrutura Molecular , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sesterterpenos/química , Sesterterpenos/farmacologia , Sesterterpenos/isolamento & purificação , Rizoma/química , Células Hep G2 , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/química , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/isolamento & purificação , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Extratos Vegetais/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia
14.
Mikrochim Acta ; 191(5): 233, 2024 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38568427

RESUMO

Nitrogen, boron co-doped carbon quantum dots (gCQDs), and a coloration probe (PPD-NPs) with response to cobalt ions (Co2+) were prepared by using 4-hydroxyphenylboric acid as the common precursor, with ethylenediamine and p-phenylenediamine (PPD) adopted as nitrogen-doped reagents, respectively. A noticeable brown-to-purple color change can be observed with the addition of Co2+, and a broad absorption band emerges at 535 nm. At the same time, gCQDs, which is introduced as the fluorescence signal source, will be significantly quenched due to the enhanced inner filtration effect, induced by the overlap between the emission spectrum of gCQDs and the emerging absorption band. Therefore, a colorimetric/fluorescent dual-mode sensing probe for Co2+ is constructed by combining the recognition unit PPD-NPs and the fluorescent gCQDs into PPD-NP/gCQD. Under the optimized experimental conditions, the calculated limits of detection are 1.51 × 10-7 M and 3.75 × 10-7 M for the colorimetric mode and the fluorescence mode, respectively, well qualified for the determination of Co2+ maximum permitted level in drinking water. The feasibility of the proposed method has been verified in tap water, lake water, and black tea samples.

15.
Transl Pediatr ; 13(3): 447-458, 2024 Mar 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38590370

RESUMO

Background: pRIFLE (Pediatric Risk, Injury, Failure, Loss, End Stage Renal Disease), KDIGO (Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes) and pROCK (Pediatric Reference Change Value Optimized for AKI) are diagnostic criteria used for acute kidney injury (AKI) incidence evaluation. The aim of this study was to explore the diagnostic consistency, incidence and mortality rate, clinical signs, and influencing factors of renal injury related to sepsis in children diagnosed by three different AKI diagnostic criteria, and then evaluate which one was more valuable. Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed on the clinical data of children with severe sepsis. The patients were diagnosed and staged according to the 2007 pRIFLE standard, the 2012 KDIGO standard, and the 2018 pROCK standard. The clinical characteristics and prognosis of children with different stages of sepsis were compared between the three diagnostic standards. Results: A total of 62 patients with sepsis were included. Blood stream infection is common (11 cases, 17.74%). According to pRIFLE, KDIGO, and pROCK standards, the incidence of sepsis-associated AKI (SA-AKI) was 74.2%, 67.7%, and 56.5%, respectively. The pRIFLE had the highest diagnostic rate of early detection of SA-AKI. There was no statistical difference in SA-AKI incidence or staging consistency between the pRIFLE and KDIGO groups (κ=0.0671; κ>0.60); the consistency of SA-AKI diagnoses across the three standards was good (all P values <0.05), and pROCK demonstrated a higher specificity. A high Pediatric Risk of Mortality (PRISM) score and high procalcitonin level were independent risk factors. Shock and renal replacement therapy were independent risk factors for SA-AKI death. Death from admission to 28 days after admission was used as an endpoint to draw a survival graph, which revealed that the AKI group had a significantly higher risk of death than did the non-AKI group. Conclusions: The consistency of diagnosing SA-AKI across the three classification criteria was similar, and mortality rate increased with increased SA-AKI staging. The pRIFLE criteria were more sensitive in the early detection of SA-AKI, while the pROCK had higher specificity. There was no significant difference between the pRIFLE and KDIGO in terms of incidence, diagnosis, or staging of SA-AKI.

16.
Front Pharmacol ; 15: 1360864, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38655183

RESUMO

For over 170 years, general anesthesia has played a crucial role in clinical practice, yet a comprehensive understanding of the neural mechanisms underlying the induction of unconsciousness by general anesthetics remains elusive. Ongoing research into these mechanisms primarily centers around the brain nuclei and neural circuits associated with sleep-wake. In this context, two sophisticated methodologies, optogenetics and chemogenetics, have emerged as vital tools for recording and modulating the activity of specific neuronal populations or circuits within distinct brain regions. Recent advancements have successfully employed these techniques to investigate the impact of general anesthesia on various brain nuclei and neural pathways. This paper provides an in-depth examination of the use of optogenetic and chemogenetic methodologies in studying the effects of general anesthesia on specific brain nuclei and pathways. Additionally, it discusses in depth the advantages and limitations of these two methodologies, as well as the issues that must be considered for scientific research applications. By shedding light on these facets, this paper serves as a valuable reference for furthering the accurate exploration of the neural mechanisms underlying general anesthesia. It aids researchers and clinicians in effectively evaluating the applicability of these techniques in advancing scientific research and clinical practice.

17.
World J Gastrointest Oncol ; 16(4): 1547-1563, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38660652

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Increasing data indicated that long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) were directly or indirectly involved in the occurrence and development of tumors, including hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Recent studies had found that the expression of lncRNA HAND2-AS1 was downregulated in HCC tissues, but its role in HCC progression is unclear. Ultrasound targeted microbubble destruction mediated gene transfection is a new method to overexpress genes. AIM: To study the role of ultrasound microbubbles (UTMBs) mediated HAND2-AS1 in the progression of HCC, in order to provide a new reference for the treatment of HCC. METHODS: In vitro, we transfected HAND2-AS1 siRNA into HepG2 cells by UTMBs, and detected cell proliferation, apoptosis, invasion and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) by cell counting kit-8 assay, flow cytometry, Transwell invasion assay and Western blotting, respectively. In addition, we transfected miR-837-5p mimic into UTMBs treated cells and observed the changes of cell behavior. Next, the UTMBs treated HepG2 cells were transfected together with miR-837-5p mimic and tissue inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinase-2 (TIMP2) overexpression vector, and we detected cell proliferation, apoptosis, invasion and EMT. In vivo, we established a mouse model of subcutaneous transplantation of HepG2 cells and observed the effect of HAND2-AS1 silencing on tumor formation ability. RESULTS: We found that UTMBs carrying HAND2-AS1 restricted cell proliferation, invasion, and EMT, encouraged apoptosis, and HAND2-AS1 silencing eliminated the effect of UTMBs. Additionally, miR-873-5p targets the gene HAND2-AS1, which also targets the 3'UTR of TIMP2. And miR-873-5p mimic counteracted the impact of HAND2-AS1. Further, miR-873-5p mimic solely or in combination with pcDNA-TIMP2 had been transformed into HepG2 cells exposed to UTMBs. We discovered that TIMP2 reversed the effect of miR-873-5p mimic caused by the blocked signalling cascade for matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) 2/MMP9. In vivo results showed that HAND2-AS1 silencing significantly inhibited tumor formation in mice. CONCLUSION: LncRNA HAND2-AS1 promotes TIMP2 expression by targeting miR-873-5p to inhibit HepG2 cell growth and delay HCC progression.

18.
J Mater Chem B ; 12(16): 3947-3958, 2024 Apr 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38586917

RESUMO

Colorectal cancer (CRC) occurs in the colorectum and ranks second in the global incidence of all cancers, accounting for one of the highest mortalities. Although the combination chemotherapy regimen of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) and platinum(IV) oxaliplatin prodrug (OxPt) is an effective strategy for CRC treatment in clinical practice, chemotherapy resistance caused by tumor-resided Fusobacterium nucleatum (Fn) could result in treatment failure. To enhance the efficacy and improve the biocompatibility of combination chemotherapy, we developed an antibacterial-based nanodrug delivery system for Fn-associated CRC treatment. A tumor microenvironment-activated nanomedicine 5-FU-LA@PPL was constructed by the self-assembly of chemotherapeutic drug derivatives 5-FU-LA and polymeric drug carrier PPL. PPL is prepared by conjugating lauric acid (LA) and OxPt to hyperbranched polyglycidyl ether. In principle, LA is used to selectively combat Fn, inhibit autophagy in CRC cells, restore chemosensitivity of 5-FU as well as OxPt, and consequently enhance the combination chemotherapy effects for Fn-associated drug-resistant colorectal tumor. Both in vitro and in vivo studies exhibited that the tailored nanomedicine possessed efficient antibacterial and anti-tumor activities with improved biocompatibility and reduced non-specific toxicity. Hence, this novel anti-tumor strategy has great potential in the combination chemotherapy of CRC, which suggests a clinically relevant valuable option for bacteria-associated drug-resistant cancers.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Neoplasias Colorretais , Fluoruracila , Ácidos Láuricos , Fluoruracila/farmacologia , Fluoruracila/química , Neoplasias Colorretais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Humanos , Ácidos Láuricos/química , Ácidos Láuricos/farmacologia , Animais , Camundongos , Antineoplásicos/química , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Fusobacterium nucleatum/efeitos dos fármacos , Oxaliplatina/farmacologia , Oxaliplatina/química , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Pró-Fármacos/química , Pró-Fármacos/farmacologia , Materiais Biocompatíveis/química , Materiais Biocompatíveis/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/química , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Tamanho da Partícula , Portadores de Fármacos/química
19.
Toxicol Ind Health ; 40(6): 312-322, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38590048

RESUMO

Previous epidemiologic research has shown that phthalate exposure in pregnant women is related to adverse birth outcomes in a sex-specific manner. However, the biological mechanism of phthalate exposure that causes these birth outcomes remains poorly defined. In this research, we investigated the association between phthalate exposure and placental oxidative stress in a large population-based cohort study, aiming to initially explore the relationship between phthalate exposure and gene expression in placental oxidative stress in a sex-specific manner. Quantitative PCR was performed to measure the expression of placental inflammatory mRNAs (HO-1, HIF1α, and GRP78) in 2469 placentae. The multiple linear regression models were used to investigate the associations between mRNA and urinary phthalate monoesters. Phthalate metabolites monomethyl phthalate (MMP) and mono-n-butyl phthalate (MBP) were positively correlated with higher HIF1α expression in placentae of male fetuses (p < .05). Mono-benzyl phthalate (MBzP) increased the expression of HO-1, HIF1α, and GRP78 in placentae of male fetuses, and mono-(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate (MEHHP) up-regulated the expression of HIF1α and GRP78. Additionally, mono-(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl) phthalate (MEOHP) was negatively correlated with HO-1, HIF1α, and GRP78 in placentae of female fetuses. Maternal phthalate exposure was associated with oxidative stress variations in placental tissues. The associations were closer in the placentas of male fetuses than in that of female ones. The placenta oxidative stress is worth further investigation as a potential mediator of maternal exposure-induced disease risk in children.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores , Chaperona BiP do Retículo Endoplasmático , Exposição Materna , Estresse Oxidativo , Ácidos Ftálicos , Placenta , Humanos , Ácidos Ftálicos/toxicidade , Ácidos Ftálicos/urina , Feminino , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Gravidez , Masculino , Placenta/efeitos dos fármacos , Placenta/metabolismo , Biomarcadores/urina , Estudos Prospectivos , Adulto , Exposição Materna/efeitos adversos , Fatores Sexuais , Subunidade alfa do Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia/metabolismo , Heme Oxigenase-1/metabolismo , Heme Oxigenase-1/genética , Proteínas de Choque Térmico/metabolismo , Proteínas de Choque Térmico/genética , Estudos de Coortes
20.
Clin Cancer Res ; 2024 Apr 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38629963

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Accumulating toxicities hinder indefinite chemotherapy for many patients with metastatic/recurrent HER2-negative breast cancer. We conducted a phase II trial of pembrolizumab monotherapy following induction chemotherapy to determine the efficacy of maintenance immunotherapy in patients with metastatic HER2-negative inflammatory breast cancer (IBC) and non-IBC triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) and a biomarker study. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with a complete response (CR), partial response (PR), or stable disease (SD) after at least 3 cycles of chemotherapy for HER2-negative breast cancer received pembrolizumab, regardless of programmed death-ligand 1 expression. Pembrolizumab (200 mg) was administered every 3 weeks until disease progression, intolerable toxicity, or 2 years of pembrolizumab exposure. The endpoints included the 4-month disease control rate (DCR), progression-free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS), and response biomarkers in the blood. RESULTS: Of 43 treated patients, 11 had metastatic IBC and 32 non-IBC TNBC. The 4-month DCR was 58.1% (95% CI, 43.4%-72.9%). For all patients, the median PFS was 4.8 months (95% CI, 3.0-7.1 months). The toxicity profile was similar to the previous pembrolizumab monotherapy study. Patients with high T-cell clonality at baseline had a longer PFS with pembrolizumab treatment than did those with low T-cell clonality (10.4 vs. 3.6 months, p = 0.04). Patients who achieved SD also demonstrated a significant increase in T-cell clonality during therapy compared to those who didn't achieve SD (20% vs. 5.9% mean increase, respectively; p = 0.04). CONCLUSIONS: Pembrolizumab monotherapy achieved durable treatment responses. Patients with a high baseline T-cell clonality had prolonged disease control with pembrolizumab.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...