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1.
J Phys Chem C Nanomater Interfaces ; 128(4): 1644-1653, 2024 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38322775

RESUMO

In this study, we investigated the effect of the pore volume and mesopore size of surface-active catalytic organosilicas on the genesis of particle-stabilized (Pickering) emulsions for the dodecanal/ethylene glycol system and their reactivity for the acid-catalyzed biphasic acetalization reaction. To this aim, we functionalized a series of fumed silica superparticles (size 100-300 nm) displaying an average mesopore size in the range of 11-14 nm and variable mesopore volume, with a similar surface density of octyl and propylsulfonic acid groups. The modified silica superparticles were characterized in detail using different techniques, including acid-base titration, thermogravimetric analysis, TEM, and dynamic light scattering. The pore volume of the particles impacts their self-assembly and coverage at the dodecanal/ethylene glycol (DA/EG) interface. This affects the stability and the average droplet size of emulsions and conditions of the available interfacial surface area for reaction. The maximum DA-EG productivity is observed for A200 super-SiNPs with a pore volume of 0.39 cm3·g-1 with an interfacial coverage by particles lower than 1 (i.e., submonolayer). Using dissipative particle dynamics and all-atom grand canonical Monte Carlo simulations, we unveil a stabilizing role of the pore volume of porous silica superparticles for generating emulsions and local micromixing of immiscible dodecanal and ethylene glycol, allowing fast and efficient solvent-free acetalization in the presence of Pickering emulsions. The micromixing level is interrelated to the adsorption energy of self-assembled particles at the DA/EG interface.

2.
Green Chem ; 26(3): 1471-1477, 2024 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38323305

RESUMO

A protocol for efficient N-alkylation of benzamides with alcohols in the presence of cobalt-nanocatalysts is described. Key to the success of this general methodology is the use of highly dispersed cobalt nanoparticles supported on carbon, which are obtained from the pyrolysis of cobalt(ii) acetate and o-phenylenediamine as a ligand at suitable temperatures. The catalytic material shows a broad substrate scope and good tolerance to functional groups. Apart from the synthesis of a variety of secondary amides (>45 products), the catalyst allows for the conversion of more challenging aliphatic alcohols and amides, including biobased and macromolecular amides. The practical applicability of the catalyst is underlined by the successful recycling and reusability.

4.
Chin J Integr Med ; 2024 Feb 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38319525

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the protective effect and mechanism of hydroxyl safflower yellow A (HSYA) from myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury on human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). METHODS: HUVECs were treated with oxygen-glucose deprivation reperfusion (OGD/R) to simulate the ischemia reperfusion model, and cell counting kit-8 was used to detect the protective effect of different concentrations (1.25-160 µ mol/L) of HSYA on HUVECs after OGD/R. HSYA 80 µ mol/L was used for follow-up experiments. The contents of inflammatory cytokines interleukin (IL)-18, IL-1 ß, monocyte chemotactic protein 1 (MCP-1), tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) and IL-6 before and after administration were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The protein expressions of toll-like receptor, NOD-like receptor containing pyrin domain 3 (NLRP3), gasdermin D (GSDMD) and GSDMD-N-terminal domain (GSDMD-N) before and after administration were detected by Western blot. NLRP3 inflammasome inhibitor cytokine release inhibitory drug 3 sodium salt (CRID3 sodium salt, also known as MCC950) and agonist were added, and the changes of NLRP3, cysteine-aspartic acid protease 1 (Caspase-1), GSDMD and GSDMD-N protein expressions were detected by Western blot. RESULTS: HSYA inhibited OGD/R-induced inflammation and significantly decreased the contents of inflammatory cytokines IL-18, IL-1 ß, MCP-1, TNF-α and IL-6 (P<0.01 or P<0.05). At the same time, by inhibiting NLRP3/Caspase-1/GSDMD pathway, HSYA can reduce the occurrence of pyroptosis after OGD/R and reduce the expression of NLRP3, Caspase-1, GSDMD and GSDMD-N proteins (P<0.01). CONCLUSIONS: The protective effect of HSYA on HUVECs after OGD/R is related to down-regulating the expression of NLRP3 inflammasome and inhibiting pyroptosis.

5.
NAR Genom Bioinform ; 6(1): lqae008, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38298182

RESUMO

Formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissues are widely available specimens for clinical studies. However, RNA degradation in FFPE tissues often restricts their utility. In this study, we determined optimal FFPE preparation conditions, including tissue ischemia at 4°C (<48 h) or 25°C for a short time (0.5 h), 48-h fixation at 25°C and sampling from FFPE scrolls instead of sections. Notably, we observed an increase in intronic reads and a significant change in gene rank based on expression level in the FFPE as opposed to fresh-frozen (FF) samples. Additionally, we found that more reads were mapped to genes associated with chemical stimulus in FFPE samples. Furthermore, we demonstrated that more degraded genes in FFPE samples were enriched in genes with short transcripts and high free energy. Besides, we found 40 housekeeping genes exhibited stable expression in FF and FFPE samples across various tissues. Moreover, our study showed that FFPE samples yielded comparable results to FF samples in dimensionality reduction and pathway analyses between case and control samples. Our study established the optimal conditions for FFPE preparation and identified gene attributes associated with degradation, which would provide useful clues for the utility of FFPE tissues in clinical practice and research.

6.
Bioact Mater ; 35: 1-16, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38298451

RESUMO

Segmental bone defects, stemming from trauma, infection, and tumors, pose formidable clinical challenges. Traditional bone repair materials, such as autologous and allogeneic bone grafts, grapple with limitations including source scarcity and immune rejection risks. The advent of nucleic acid nanotechnology, particularly the use of DNA hydrogels in tissue engineering, presents a promising solution, attributed to their biocompatibility, biodegradability, and programmability. However, these hydrogels, typically hindered by high gelation temperatures (∼46 °C) and high construction costs, limit cell encapsulation and broader application. Our research introduces a novel polymer-modified DNA hydrogel, developed using nucleic acid nanotechnology, which gels at a more biocompatible temperature of 37 °C and is cost-effective. This hydrogel then incorporates tetrahedral Framework Nucleic Acid (tFNA) to enhance osteogenic mineralization. Furthermore, considering the modifiability of tFNA, we modified its chains with Aptamer02 (Apt02), an aptamer known to foster angiogenesis. This dual approach significantly accelerates osteogenic differentiation in bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) and angiogenesis in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs), with cell sequencing confirming their targeting efficacy, respectively. In vivo experiments in rats with critical-size cranial bone defects demonstrate their effectiveness in enhancing new bone formation. This innovation not only offers a viable solution for repairing segmental bone defects but also opens avenues for future advancements in bone organoids construction, marking a significant advancement in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine.

7.
Opt Express ; 32(3): 3308-3315, 2024 Jan 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38297555

RESUMO

Mechanical strain can be used to tune the optical properties of monolayer transition metal dichalcogenides (1L-TMDs). Here, upconversion photoluminescence (UPL) from 1L-WSe2 flakes is tuned with biaxial strain induced by cruciform bending and indentation method. It is found that the peak position of UPL is redshifted by around 24 nm as the applied biaxial strain increases from 0% to 0.51%. At the same time, the UPL intensity increases exponentially for the upconversion energy difference that lies within a broad range between -157 meV to -37 meV. The observed linear and sublinear power dependence of UPL emission in 1L-WSe2 with and without biaxial strain at three different excitation wavelengths of 784 nm, 800 nm, and 820 nm indicates the multiphonon-assisted one-photon upconversion emission process. The results of strain-dependent UPL emission from 1L-TMDs pave a unique path to the advances in photon upconversion applications and optoelectronic devices.

8.
Molecules ; 29(3)2024 Jan 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38338375

RESUMO

Investigating the distribution of different Zn species on Zn-containing zeolite catalysts is crucial for identifying the active sites and establishing the relationship between the catalyst's structure and its activity in the process of ethylene aromatization. By utilizing X-ray absorption near edge spectra (XANES) of various reference samples, this study employed linear combination fitting (LCF) analysis on XANES spectra of real samples to accurately measure the changes in the distribution of Zn species in Zn-containing HZSM-5 zeolites under different Zn sources and loadings. The results showed that ZnOH+, ZnO clusters, and ZnO crystalline structures coexist in Zn/HZSM-5 catalysts prepared through physical mixing and incipient wet impregnation methods. A similar trend was observed for catalysts prepared using different methods, with an increase in Zn content resulting in a decrease in the proportion of ZnOH+ and a significant increase in the amount of larger ZnO crystals. Furthermore, ZnO clusters were confined within the zeolite pores. The findings of this study established a direct correlation between the amount of ZnOH+ determined through LCF analysis and both the rate of hydrogen production and the rate of aromatics formation, providing strong evidence for the catalytic role of ZnOH+ as an active center for dehydrogenation, which plays a key role in promoting the formation of aromatics. The method of LCF analysis on XANES spectra allows for the determination of the local structure of Zn species, facilitating a more precise analysis based on the distribution of these species. This method not only provides detailed information about the Zn species but also enhances the accuracy of the overall analysis.

9.
Front Pharmacol ; 15: 1347880, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38344176

RESUMO

Rituximab (RTX) is a monoclonal antibody commonly used to treat PLA2R-associated membranous nephropathy (MN). This report presents a case of refractory MN in a patient who experienced severe hypokalemia, a rare but clinically significant condition, after the 5th RTX infusion. Clinicians should be aware of the potential for hypokalemia and its management during or after RTX infusion. After the onset of hypokalemia, the patient received treatment with obinutuzumab and achieved partial remission of renal disease without experiencing further hypokalemia. Obinutuzumab may be a viable alternative therapy for refractory membranous nephropathy that develops side effects after rituximab therapy or is refractory to it, but further studies are necessary to determine its efficacy and safety.

10.
mBio ; : e0313623, 2024 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38358252

RESUMO

Disease emergence is the consequence of host-pathogen-environment interactions. Ammonia is a key stress factor in aquatic environments that usually increases the risk of pathogenic diseases in aquatic animals. However, the molecular regulatory mechanisms underlying the enhancement of viral infection following ammonia stress remain largely unknown. Here, we found that ammonia stress enhances white spot syndrome virus infection in kuruma shrimp (Marsupenaeus japonicus) by targeting the antiviral interferon-like system through heat shock factor 1 (Hsf1). Hsf1 is an ammonia-induced transcription factor. It regulates the expression of Cactus and Socs2, which encode negative regulators of NF-κB signaling and Jak/Stat signaling, respectively. By inhibiting these two pathways, ammonia-induced Hsf1 suppressed the production and function of MjVago-L, an arthropod interferon analog. Therefore, this study revealed that Hsf1 is a central regulator of suppressed antiviral immunity after ammonia stress and provides new insights into the molecular regulation of immunity in stressful environments.IMPORTANCEAmmonia is the end product of protein catabolism and is derived from feces and unconsumed foods. It threatens the health and growth of aquatic animals. In this study, we demonstrated that ammonia stress suppresses shrimp antiviral immunity by targeting the shrimp interferon-like system and that heat shock factor 1 (Hsf1) is a central regulator of this process. When shrimp are stressed by ammonia, they activate Hsf1 for stress relief and well-being. Hsf1 upregulates the expression of negative regulators that inhibit the production and function of interferon analogs in shrimp, thereby enhancing white spot syndrome viral infection. Therefore, this study, from a molecular perspective, explains the problem in the aquaculture industry that animals living in stressed environments are more susceptible to pathogens than those living in unstressed conditions. Moreover, this study provides new insights into the side effects of heat shock responses and highlights the complexity of achieving cellular homeostasis under stressful conditions.

11.
ACS Nano ; 18(6): 5180-5195, 2024 Feb 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38299982

RESUMO

Fungal infection possesses the characteristics of high invasion depth and easy formation of a biofilm under the skin, which greatly hinders the treatment process. Here, traditional Chinese medicine moxa is carbonized and modified with zinc oxide (ZnO) nanosheets to synthesize carbonized moxa@ZnO (CMZ) with the dual response properties of yellow light (YL) and ultrasound (US) for synergistic antifungal therapy. CMZ with narrow bandgap can respond to long-wavelength YL that is highly safe and helpful for skin repair. Simultaneously, CMZ with a piezoelectric effect can further enhance the photocatalytic efficiency under the stimulation of US with high tissue penetration. Gene mechanism investigation indicates that when exposed to US and YL irradiation, CMZ-based therapy can adjust the expression of genes associated with fungal virulence, metabolic activity, mycelial growth and biofilm development, thus efficaciously eradicating planktonic Candida albicans (C. albicans) and mature biofilm. Importantly, despite the 1.00 cm thick tissue barrier, CMZ can rapidly eliminate 99.9% of C. albicans within 4 min, showing a satisfactory deep fungicidal efficacy. The in vivo therapeutic effect of this strategy is demonstrated in both open wound and deep cutaneous infection tests, speaking of dramatically better efficacy than the traditional fungicide ketoconazole (KTZ).


Assuntos
Micoses , Óxido de Zinco , Antifúngicos/farmacologia , Óxido de Zinco/farmacologia , Cetoconazol , Candida albicans , Biofilmes , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana
12.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 3860, 2024 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38360891

RESUMO

Monolayer tungsten disulfide (1L-WS2) is a direct bandgap atomic-layered semiconductor material with strain tunable optical and optoelectronic properties among the monolayer transition metal dichalcogenides (1L-TMDs). Here, we demonstrate biaxial strain tuned upconversion photoluminescence (UPL) from exfoliated 1L-WS2 flakes transferred on a flexible polycarbonate cruciform substrate. When the biaxial strain applied to 1L-WS2 increases from 0 to 0.51%, it is observed that the UPL peak position is redshifted by up to 60 nm/% strain, while the UPL intensity exhibits exponential growth with the upconversion energy difference varying from - 303 to - 120 meV. The measured power dependence of UPL from 1L-WS2 under biaxial strain reveals the one photon involved multiphonon-mediated upconversion mechanism. The demonstrated results provide new opportunities in advancing TMD-based optical upconversion devices for future flexible photonics and optoelectronics.

13.
Front Chem ; 12: 1340955, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38370095

RESUMO

Designing and developing photocatalysts with excellent performance in order to achieve efficient hydrogen production is an important strategy for addressing future energy and environmental challenges. Traditional single-phase photocatalytic materials either have a large bandgap and low visible light response or experience rapid recombination of the photogenerated carriers with low quantum efficiency, seriously hindering their photocatalytic applications. To solve these issues, an important solution is to construct well-matched heterojunctions with highly efficient charge separation capabilities. To this end, an in situ sulfurization reaction was adopted after the deposition of Bi3+ supramolecular complex on a layered supramolecular precursor of tubular carbon nitride (TCN). X-ray diffraction (XRD) patterns confirmed that the as-prepared sample has a good crystalline structure without any other impurities, while high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HR-TEM) revealed that the heterojunction possesses a 2D structure with a layer of nano-array on its surface. Combined Fourier-transform infrared (FT-IR) spectra and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX) revealed the interfacial interactions. Owing to the formation of the Z-scheme heterojunction, the visible light adsorption and the separation efficiency of the photo-generated carriers are both obviously enhanced, leaving the high energy electrons and high oxidative holes to participate in the photocatalytic reactions. As a result, the photocatalytic hydrogen evolution rate of Bi2S3-TCN achieves 65.2 µmol g-1·h-1. This proposed green and environmentally benign route can also be applied to construct other sulfides with 2D TCN, providing some important information for the design and optimization of novel carbon-nitride-based semiconductors.

14.
Eur J Pharmacol ; 968: 176407, 2024 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38365106

RESUMO

High temperature-induced burn injury often leads to an excessive inflammatory cascade resulting in multiple organ dysfunction syndrome, such as acute lung injury (ALI), in addition to skin tissue damage. As a specific COX2 inhibitor, parecoxib sodium suppresses the inflammatory response during burn injury. The effect of parecoxib sodium on ALI induced by burn injury and the associated molecular mechanism still need to be investigated. The role of parecoxib sodium in burn injury-induced ALI through the TLR4/NF-κB pathway was explored in the present study. A burn-induced ALI mouse model was constructed, and M1/M2 macrophages in lung tissue and markers involved in the TLR4/NF-κB signalling pathway were evaluated in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) and MH-S mouse alveolar macrophages in vitro. The results indicated that parecoxib sodium attenuated lung injury after burn injury, decreased iNOS and TNF-α expression, increased IL-10 expression in BALF, and regulated the CD86-and CD206-mediated polarization of M1/M2 macrophages in lung tissue along with MH-S mouse alveolar macrophages. The effect of parecoxib sodium might be reversed by a TLR4 agonist. Overall, the results suggested that parecoxib sodium can regulate the polarization of M1/M2 macrophages through the TLR4/NF-κB pathway to attenuate ALI induced by skin burns.

15.
Arch Virol ; 169(3): 53, 2024 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38381240

RESUMO

A novel mitovirus, tentatively designated as "Fusarium oxysporum mitovirus 2" (FoMV2), was isolated from the pathogenic Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. ginseng strain 0414 infecting Panax ginseng. The complete genome of FoMV2 is 2388 nt in length with a GC content of 30.57%. It contains a large open reading frame (ORF) encoding a putative RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp) of 713 amino acids with a molecular weight of 83.05 kDa. The sequence identity between FoMV2 and Botrytis cinerea mitovirus 8 and Fusarium verticillioides mitovirus 1 was 87.94% and 77.85%, respectively. Phylogenetic analysis showed that FoMV2 belongs to the genus Unuamitovirus in the family Mitoviridae. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of an unuamitovirus isolated from F. oxysporum f. sp. ginseng causing ginseng root rot.

16.
Cell Commun Signal ; 22(1): 124, 2024 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38360732

RESUMO

Autophagy is a self-renewal mechanism that maintains homeostasis and can promote tissue regeneration by regulating inflammation, reducing oxidative stress and promoting cell differentiation. The interaction between biomaterials and tissue cells significantly affects biomaterial-tissue integration and tissue regeneration. In recent years, it has been found that biomaterials can affect various processes related to tissue regeneration by regulating autophagy. The utilization of biomaterials in a controlled environment has become a prominent approach for enhancing the tissue regeneration capabilities. This involves the regulation of autophagy in diverse cell types implicated in tissue regeneration, encompassing the modulation of inflammatory responses, oxidative stress, cell differentiation, proliferation, migration, apoptosis, and extracellular matrix formation. In addition, biomaterials possess the potential to serve as carriers for drug delivery, enabling the regulation of autophagy by either activating or inhibiting its processes. This review summarizes the relationship between autophagy and tissue regeneration and discusses the role of biomaterial-based autophagy in tissue regeneration. In addition, recent advanced technologies used to design autophagy-modulating biomaterials are summarized, and rational design of biomaterials for providing controlled autophagy regulation via modification of the chemistry and surface of biomaterials and incorporation of cells and molecules is discussed. A better understanding of biomaterial-based autophagy and tissue regeneration, as well as the underlying molecular mechanisms, may lead to new possibilities for promoting tissue regeneration. Video Abstract.


Assuntos
Autofagia , Materiais Biocompatíveis , Materiais Biocompatíveis/farmacologia , Materiais Biocompatíveis/química , Diferenciação Celular
17.
ACS Sens ; 2024 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38382078

RESUMO

The concentration of fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) is closely related to human respiratory inflammation, and the detection of its concentration plays a key role in aiding diagnosing inflammatory airway diseases. In this paper, we report a gas sensor system based on a distributed parallel self-regulating neural network (DPSRNN) model combined with ultraviolet differential optical absorption spectroscopy for detecting ppb-level FeNO concentrations. The noise signals in the spectrum are eliminated by discrete wavelet transform. The DPSRNN model is then built based on the separated multipeak characteristic absorption structure of the UV absorption spectrum of NO. Furthermore, a distributed parallel network structure is built based on each absorption feature region, which is given self-regulating weights and finally trained by a unified model structure. The final self-regulating weights obtained by the model indicate that each absorption feature region contributes a different weight to the concentration prediction. Compared with the regular convolutional neural network model structure, the proposed model has better performance by considering the effect of separated characteristic absorptions in the spectrum on the concentration and breaking the habit of bringing the spectrum as a whole into the model training in previous related studies. Lab-based results show that the sensor system can stably achieve high-precision detection of NO (2.59-750.66 ppb) with a mean absolute error of 0.17 ppb and a measurement accuracy of 0.84%, which is the best result to date. More interestingly, the proposed sensor system is capable of achieving high-precision online detection of FeNO, as confirmed by the exhaled breath analysis.

18.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 49(1): 88-99, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38403342

RESUMO

Anemarrhena asphodeloides is a common medicinal material used in clinical prescriptions and Chinese patent medicine. In this study, the Illumina platform was used to obtain the chloroplast genome sequences of seven kinds of A. asphodeloides from different areas. The specific DNA barcodes were screened by comparative genomics analysis, and the DNA barcodes were used to identify the germplasm resources and analyze the genetic diversity of A. asphodeloides samples from different areas in China. All the seven chloroplast genomes had a ring structure. The total length was 156 801-156 930 bp, and 113 genes were annotated, including 79 protein-coding genes, 30 tRNA genes, and four rRNA genes. The comparative genomics analysis showed that rps16, trnG-GCC, atpF, rpoB, ycf3, rpl16, ndhF, trnS-GCU_trnG-GCC, petN-psbM, and ndhF-rpl32 were potential candidates for specific DNA barcodes of A. asphodeloides. In this study, the second intron of ycf3 and atpF intron sequences with a sequence length of 700-800 bp and easy amplification were selected for polymerase chain reaction(PCR) amplification and sequencing of 594 samples from 26 areas. The sequence analysis showed that six and eight haplotypes of ycf3 and atpF sequences could be identified, respectively, and 17 haplotypes could be identified by combined analysis of the two sequences, which were named Hap1-Hap17. The haplotype diversity(H_d), nucleotide diversity(P_i), and genetic distance of A. asphodeloides in 26 populations were 0.68, 0.93×10~(-3), and 0-0.003 1, respectively, indicating that the genetic diversity within the species of A. asphodeloides is rich. The intermediary adjacent network analysis showed that Hap5 was the oldest haplotype, which was mainly distributed in Yixian county of Baoding, Hebei province, Hequ county of Xinzhou, Shanxi province, and Xiangfen county of Linfen, Shanxi province. This study has important guiding significance for the identification of A. asphodeloides species, the protection and development of germplasm resources, and the identification of production areas, and it provides a research basis for further revealing the genetic evolution law of A. asphodeloides.


Assuntos
Anemarrhena , Anemarrhena/química , Código de Barras de DNA Taxonômico , Variação Genética , China , Filogenia
19.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; : e2309392, 2024 Feb 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38403451

RESUMO

MXene-based thermal camouflage materials have gained increasing attention due to their low emissivity, however, the poor anti-oxidation restricts their potential applications under complex environments. Various modification methods and strategies, e.g., the addition of antioxidant molecules and fillers have been developed to overcome this, but the realization of long-term, reliable thermal camouflage using MXene network (coating) with excellent comprehensive performance remains a great challenge. Here, a MXene-based hybrid network comodified with hyaluronic acid (HA) and hyperbranched polysiloxane (HSi) molecules is designed and fabricated. Notably, the presence of appreciated HA molecules restricts the oxidation of MXene sheets without altering infrared stealth performance, superior to other water-soluble polymers; while the HSi molecules can act as efficient cross-linking agents to generate strong interactions between MXene sheets and HA molecules. The optimized MXene/HA/HSi composites exhibit excellent mechanical flexibility (folded into crane structure), good water/solvent resistance, and long-term stable thermal camouflage capability (with low infrared emissivity of ≈0.29). The long-term thermal camouflage reliability (≈8 months) under various outdoor weathers and the scalable coating capability of the MXene-coated textile enable them to disguise the IR signal of various targets in complex environments, indicating the great promise of achieved material for thermal camouflage, IR stealth, and counter surveillance.

20.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(4)2024 Feb 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38397065

RESUMO

During the methanol-to-aromatics (MTA) process, a large amount of water is generated, while the influence and mechanism of water on the activity and selectivity of the light olefin aromatization reaction are still unclear. Therefore, a study was conducted to systematically investigate the effects of water on the reactivity and the product distribution in ethylene aromatization using infrared spectroscopy (IR), intelligent gravitation analyzer (IGA), and X-ray absorption fine structure (XAFS) characterizations. The results demonstrated that the presence of water reduced ethylene conversion and aromatic selectivity while increasing hydrogen selectivity at the same contact time. This indicated that water had an effect on the reaction pathway by promoting the dehydrogenation reaction and suppressing the hydrogen transfer reaction. A detailed analysis using linear combination fitting (LCF) of Zn K-edge X-ray absorption near-edge spectroscopy (XANES) on Zn/HZSM-5 catalysts showed significant variations in the state of existence and the distribution of Zn species on the deactivated catalysts, depending on different reaction atmospheres and water contents. The presence of water strongly hindered the conversion of ZnOH+ species, which served as the active centers for the dehydrogenation reaction, to ZnO on the catalyst. As a result, the dehydrogenation activity remained high in the presence of water. This study using IR and IGA techniques revealed that water on the Zn/HZSM-5 catalyst inhibited the adsorption of ethylene on the zeolite, resulting in a noticeable decrease in ethylene conversion and a decrease in aromatic selectivity. These findings contribute to a deeper understanding of the aromatization reaction process and provide data support for the design of efficient aromatization catalysts.


Assuntos
Etilenos , Água , Hidrogênio , Imunoglobulina A , Zinco
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