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1.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 13(1): 345-351, 2022 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34982561

RESUMO

Electroreduction of carbon dioxide (CO2) in a flow electrolyzer represents a promising carbon-neutral technology with efficient production of valuable chemicals. In this work, the catalytic performance of polycrystalline copper (Cu), Cu2O-derived copper (O(I)D-Cu), and CuO-derived copper (O(II)D-Cu) toward CO2 reduction is unraveled in a custom-designed flow cell. A peak Faradaic efficiency of >70% and a production rate of ca. -250 mA cm-2 toward C2+ products have been achieved on all the catalysts. In contrast to previous studies that reported a propensity for C2+ products on OD-Cu in conventional H-cells, the selectivity and activity of ethylene-dominated C2+ products are quite similar on the three types of catalysts at the same current density in our flow reactor. Our analysis also reveals current density to be a critical factor determining the C-C coupling in a flow cell, regardless of Cu catalyst's initial oxidation state and morphology.

2.
Gastric Cancer ; 2022 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35031872

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Peritoneum, liver and lymph node are the most common metastatic sites of gastric cancer (GC). Biomarkers for GC's organo-tropic metastasis remained largely unknown, which was investigated in this study from the perspective of small extracellular vesicle (sEV)-derived miRNAs. METHODS: Plasma from treatment-naïve GC patients including no metastasis (M0), peritoneal metastasis (PM), hepatic metastasis (HM) and distant lymph node metastasis (dLNM)) were divided into one discovery (N = 40), one training (N = 40) and one validating cohort (N = 86), then assessed by sEV-miRNA-sequencing and sEV-miRNA-qPCR. Functional explorations were also performed for verification. RESULTS: The expression profiles of sEV-miRNAs varied greatly across different metastatic patterns. Based on logistic regression models, we constructed signatures for M0 (hsa-miR-186-5p/hsa-miR-200c-3p/hsa-miR-429/hsa-miR-5187-5p/hsa-miR-548ae-5p), PM (hsa-miR-200c-3p/hsa-miR-429), HM (hsa-miR-200c-3p/hsa-miR-429) and dLNM (hsa-miR-324-5p/hsa-miR-374a-5p/hsa-miR-429/hsa-miR-548ae-5p). These signatures vigorously characterized organo-tropic metastasis (all displaying AUC > 0.8, consistency ≥ 75%), and effectively conjectured the risk of future metastasis within 5 years (accuracy 45.5% for occurrence, 70% for organotropism, P = 0.002 for prognostic diversity). Additionally, we explored these seven biomarker miRNAs' impact on GC's in vitro motility and discussed their potential involvement in cancer-related biological processes and pathways. CONCLUSIONS: Our work highlighted that plasma sEV-miRNAs powerfully characterized and predicted the organo-tropic metastasis of GC and provided new insight into the applications of sEV-based liquid biopsy in clinical practice.

3.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 42(1): 99-103, 2022 Jan 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35025165

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the acupoint selection rules of post-stroke cognitive impairment (PSCI) treated with acupuncture by ancient and modern medical record cloud platform (V1.5). METHODS: The published randomized controlled trial (RCT) literature of PSCI treated with acupuncture was retrieved from CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, SinoMed, PubMed, EMbase, Cochrane Library and Web of Science, and the data was extracted to establish prescription database. The ancient and modern medical record cloud platform (V1.5) was used to analyze the data. RESULTS: A total of 185 articles was included, involving 91 acupoints, the total using frequency was 1174 times. The top 5 acupoints in frequency of PSCI treated with acupuncture were Baihui (GV 20, 151 times), Shenting (GV 24, 97 times), Sishencong (EX-HN 1, 83 times), Neiguan (PC 6, 69 times) and Sanyinjiao (SP 6, 64 times); the most involved meridian was the governor vessel, and the generally used acupoints were mainly distributed in the head, face and neck. The top 5 acupoint combinations in frequency were Baihui (GV 20)-Shenting (GV 24, 89 times), Baihui (GV 20)-Sishencong (EX-HN 1, 79 times), Baihui (GV 20)-Neiguan (PC 6, 59 times), Baihui (GV 20)-Sanyinjiao (SP 6, 56 times) and Baihui (GV 20)-Zusanli (ST 36, 51 times). The acupoint combination with the strongest association was Shenting (GV 24)→Baihui (GV 20). There were 6 acupoint cluster groups according to the cluster analysis, and the main core prescription was Baihui (GV 20), Shenting (GV 24), Sishencong (EX-HN 1), Zusanli (ST 36), Neiguan (PC 6) and Sanyinjiao (SP 6). CONCLUSION: Acupoints on the governor vessel, and distributed in head, face and neck are the main acupoints for PSCI treated with acupuncture, Baihui (GV 20), Shenting (GV 24), Sishencong (EX-HN 1), Zusanli (ST 36), Neiguan (PC 6) and Sanyinjiao (SP 6) can be used as the main acupoints, but it is still necessary to combine with syndrome differentiation.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Disfunção Cognitiva , Pontos de Acupuntura , Computação em Nuvem , Humanos , Registros Médicos
4.
Bioengineered ; 13(2): 2851-2865, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35037840

RESUMO

HBV (hepatitis B virus) infection still threatens human health. Therefore, it is essential to find new effective anti-HBV compounds. Here, we identified matrine as a novel inhibitor of PKC (protein kinase C) phosphorylated kinase by screening a natural compound library. After HepG2.215 cells were treated with matrine, we carried out a phosphorylated proteomics sequence study and analyzed the prediction of related kinase expression level. In the case of HBV infection, it was found that PKC kinase mediates the activation of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathway known as son of sevenless (SOS) activation. It was also found that PKC kinase inhibits the expression of C-X-C Motif Chemokine Ligand 8 (CXCL8) by inhibiting the activity of activating transcription factor 2/ cAMP response element binding protein (ATF2/CREB), and this effect is independent of its activated MAPK signaling pathway. Finally, Western blot was used to detect the expression of MAPK, ATF2, CREB3 phosphorylation and nonphosphorylation in matrine-treated cells and PKC-treated cells. PKC phosphorylated kinase inhibitor-matrine suppresses the replication of HBV via modulating the MAPK/ATF2 signal. Matrine is a good clinical drug to enhance the autoimmunity in the adjuvant treatment of chronic HBV infection.

5.
BMC Oral Health ; 22(1): 3, 2022 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34996438

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the effect of the percentages of preserved enamel on ceramic laminate veneers' (CLVs) shear bond strength (SBS). METHODS: Seventy extracted human maxillary central incisors were scanned and reconstructed into three-dimensional models. The extracted teeth were then embedded and randomly divided into seven groups (n = 10 per group). Based on digital analyses of the three-dimensional models, guided tooth preparation and bonding procedures were performed individually to form seven different percentages (100%, 80%, 60% 50%, 40%, 20% and 0%) of remaining enamel thickness on the bonding surface. Finally, the SBS test was performed, and the data were statistically analysed by one-way ANOVA with LSD post hoc test (α = 0.05). RESULTS: The complete enamel surface exhibited the highest SBS (19.93 ± 4.55 MPa), followed by 80% enamel (19.03 ± 3.66 MPa), 60% enamel (18.44 ± 3.65 MPa), 50% enamel (18.18 ± 3.41 MPa), 40% enamel (17.83 ± 3.01 MPa) and 20% enamel (11.32 ± 3.42 MPa) group. The lowest SBS (9.63 ± 3.46 MPa) was detected in 0% enamel group. No significant difference was observed among the 40-100% enamel groups, while the 20% or 0% enamel group demonstrated a significantly lower mean SBS than the 40% enamel group (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: The SBS value of CLVs bonded to 100% enamel on the finishing surfaces (nearly 20 MPa) was twice that which bonded to 0% enamel (nearly 10 MPa). Bonding to 100% enamel is the most reliable treatment. When dentin exposure is inevitable, enamel should be preserved as much as possible to maintain good bonding. In addition, 40% of preserved enamel on the bonding surface was the minimal acceptable value to fulfil the requirements of good bonding strength.

6.
Pharmaceutics ; 14(1)2022 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35057076

RESUMO

During the development of a pharmaceutical formulation, a powerful tool is needed to extract the key points from the complicated process parameters and material attributes. Artificial neural networks (ANNs), a promising and more flexible modeling technique, can address real intricate questions in a high parallelism and distributed pattern in the manner of biological neural networks. The data mined and analyzing based on ANNs have the ability to replace hundreds of trial and error experiments. ANNs have been used for data analysis by pharmaceutics researchers since the 1990s and it has now become a research method in pharmaceutical science. This review focuses on the latest application progress of ANNs in the prediction, characterization and optimization of pharmaceutical formulation to provide a reference for the further interdisciplinary study of pharmaceutics and ANNs.

7.
Neurol Sci ; 2022 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34997422

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to describe the typical and atypical clinical and neuroimaging features of ALD in Chinese patients, which will help early diagnosis and intervention to improve prognosis of ALD. METHODS: Forty-one patients in the Leukoencephalopathy Clinic of Neurology Department, Peking Union Medical College Hospital were enrolled. Detailed clinical manifestations and MRI features were analyzed. The relationship between phenotype and genotype as well as biochemical analysis was observed. RESULTS: The patients were classified according to phenotype and onset age, including 14 childhood cerebral ALD (CCALD), 8 adolescent cerebral ALD (adoCALD), 3 adult cerebral ALD (ACALD), 14 adrenomyeloneuropathy (AMN), and 2 ALD in women. AMN was the main presentation in adults. Visual impairment was usual onset symptom in CCALD and cognitive decline and psychiatric symptoms were found in adoCALD and ACALD. Typical MRI feature of CALD was symmetrical peri-ventricular "butterfly wings" like lesions in frontal and/or occipital lobe with peripheral DWI hyperintensities and Gd enhancement. Corpus callosum and internal capsule were always involved. Unilateral lesions were also possible. Cerebral AMN presented with centrum semiovale diffuse involvement. Spinocerebellar variant was a special subtype of AMN with obvious cerebellar and brainstem lesions. No relationships between phenotype and genotype as well as biochemical VLCFAs analysis were found. CONCLUSIONS: We emphasize that corpus callosum and internal capsule are always involved in ALD. A unilateral lesion is also possible. Neuroimaging of cerebral AMN is different from typical CALD with more centrum semiovale involvement. We support spinocerebellar variant was a rare subtype of AMN.

8.
Med Sci Monit ; 28: e932996, 2022 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35001073

RESUMO

BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to assess use of lncRNAs as biomarkers in serum and aqueous humor of patients with diabetic macular edema (DME). MATERIAL AND METHODS Optical coherence tomography and fundus photography were used to analyze the retinal features of the patients. RT-qPCR was used to analyze the differential expression of lncRNA snhg5 in patients who have idiopathic macular hole (MH), DME, or refractory DME. The relationship between SNHG5 and the clinical characteristics of the patients was analyzed. The effect of SNHG5 on the hyperplasia and apoptosis of human retino-microvascular endothelial cells (HRMECs) and its mechanism were analyzed in vitro. RESULTS Patients with idiopathic MH developed retinal nerve epithelium rupture and retinal fundus thickening, and patients with DME or refractory DME showed significant macular edema with hemorrhaging. The refractory DME patients improved after treatment but still showed significant macular edema and multiple laser scarring. SNHG5 expression was not only low in the atrial fluid and plasma in DME patients, but also lower in the refractory DME group compared to the idiopathic MH patients. SNHG5 expression in the aqueous humor and plasma was negatively correlated with disease duration, body mass index, and levels of fasting blood glucose, glycated hemoglobin, proteinuria, and glycosuria. In the in vitro experiments, SNHG5 expression was significantly downregulated in high glucose-induced HMECs. After SNHG5 overexpression, cell proliferation, angiogenesis, and VEGF-A protein levels were distinctly downregulated. CONCLUSIONS SNHG5 correlates with the development of DME and is a potential target for therapy.

9.
J Pers Med ; 12(1)2022 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35055352

RESUMO

Background: Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) is the most widely used tool in cognitive screening. Some individuals with normal MMSE scores have extensive cognitive impairment. Systematic neuropsychological assessment should be performed in these patients. This study aimed to optimize the systematic neuropsychological test battery (NTB) by machine learning and develop new classification models for distinguishing mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and dementia among individuals with MMSE ≥ 26. Methods: 375 participants with MMSE ≥ 26 were assigned a diagnosis of cognitively unimpaired (CU) (n = 67), MCI (n = 174), or dementia (n = 134). We compared the performance of five machine learning algorithms, including logistic regression, decision tree, SVM, XGBoost, and random forest (RF), in identifying MCI and dementia. Results: RF performed best in identifying MCI and dementia. Six neuropsychological subtests with high-importance features were selected to form a simplified NTB, and the test time was cut in half. The AUC of the RF model was 0.89 for distinguishing MCI from CU, and 0.84 for distinguishing dementia from nondementia. Conclusions: This simplified cognitive assessment model can be useful for the diagnosis of MCI and dementia in patients with normal MMSE. It not only optimizes the content of cognitive evaluation, but also improves diagnosis and reduces missed diagnosis.

10.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 14(2): 2881-2892, 2022 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34985854

RESUMO

Cascade catalysis that combines chemical catalysis and biocatalysis has received extensive attention in recent years, especially the integration of metal nanoparticles (MNPs) with enzymes. However, the compatibility between MNPs and enzymes, and the stability of the integrated nanocatalyst should be improved to promote the application. Therefore, in this study, we proposed a strategy to space-separately co-immobilize MNPs and enzymes to the pores and surface of a highly stable covalent organic framework (COF), respectively. Typically, Pd NPs that were prepared by in situ reduction with triazinyl as the nucleation site were distributed in COF (Tz-Da), and organophosphorus hydrolase (OPH) was immobilized on the surface of Tz-Da by a covalent method to improve its stability. The obtained integrated nanocatalyst Pd@Tz-Da@OPH showed high catalytic efficiency and reusability in the cascade degradation of organophosphate nerve agents. Furthermore, the versatility of the preparation strategy of COF-based integrated nanocatalyst has been preliminarily expanded: (1) Pd NPs and OPH were immobilized in the triazinyl COF (TTB-DHBD) with different pore sizes for cascade degradation of organophosphate nerve agent and the particle size of MNPs can be regulated. (2) Pt NPs and glucose oxidase were immobilized in COF (Tz-Da) to obtain an integrated nanocatalyst for efficient colorimetric detection of phenol.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34993807

RESUMO

Enantioselectivity of chiral compounds is receiving growing concern. Lactofen, a chiral herbicide widely used in field crops and vegetables to control broadleaf weeds, is still sold as racemate. In this work, the herbicidal activity and metabolism behavior of lactofen were investigated on an enantiomeric level. Two common broadleaf weeds (Eclipta prostrata L. and Portulaca oleracea L.) were used to evaluate the herbicidal activity of rac-/R- and S-lactofen, and their metabolism behavior in loach and rat liver microsomes was explored. Higher herbicidal activity of S-lactofen was observed, with the 20d-EC50 values being 1.9-3.4 times lower than R-lactofen. Both loach and rat liver microsomes had ability to metabolize rac-lactofen, with half-lives of 1.93 and 1.28 h, respectively. Enantioselective metabolism behaviors were observed in loach and rat liver microsomes and the direction of enantioselectivity were different. R-lactofen was preferentially metabolized in loach liver microsome, while S-lactofen was preferentially metabolized in rat liver microsome. No interconversion of R- and S-lactofen was found. Besides, the main metabolic pathways of R- and S-lactofen were found to be significantly different. R-lactofen was metabolized to R-desethyl lactofen in both loach and rat liver microsomes without further metabolism. However, S-lactofen was metabolized to both S-desethyl lactofen and acifluorfene in rat liver microsome, which was mainly metabolized to acifluorfene in loach liver microsome. This study indicated enantioselectivity and metabolites should be taken into consideration when overall evaluating the environmental behavior of lactofen.

12.
Bone ; 154: 116210, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34592494

RESUMO

Amelogenesis consists of secretory, transition, maturation, and post-maturation stages, and the morphological changes of ameloblasts at each stage are closely related to their function. p130 Crk-associated substrate (Cas) is a scaffold protein that modulates essential cellular processes, including cell adhesion, cytoskeletal changes, and polarization. The expression of p130Cas was observed from the secretory stage to the maturation stage in ameloblasts. Epithelial cell-specific p130Cas-deficient (p130CasΔepi-) mice exhibited enamel hypomineralization with chalk-like white mandibular incisors in young mice and attrition in aged mouse molars. A micro-computed tomography analysis and Vickers micro-hardness testing showed thinner enamel, lower enamel mineral density and hardness in p130CasΔepi- mice in comparison to p130Casflox/flox mice. Scanning electron microscopy, and an energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy analysis indicated the disturbance of the enamel rod structure and lower Ca and P contents in p130CasΔepi- mice, respectively. The disorganized arrangement of ameloblasts, especially in the maturation stage, was observed in p130CasΔepi- mice. Furthermore, expression levels of enamel matrix proteins, such as amelogenin and ameloblastin in the secretory stage, and functional markers, such as alkaline phosphatase and iron accumulation, and Na+/Ca2++K+-exchanger in the maturation stage were reduced in p130CasΔepi- mice. These findings suggest that p130Cas plays important roles in amelogenesis (197 words).

13.
J Org Chem ; 87(1): 835-845, 2022 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34962788

RESUMO

An efficient method for the synthesis of new indolizine-fused chromones has been accomplished from ethyl (E)-3-(2-acetylphenoxy)acrylates and pyridines in a "one-pot" manner. Facile operation in open-air, metal-free, and mild conditions renders this protocol particularly practical and attractive. Moreover, this method can simultaneously construct two molecular fragments of chromone and indolizine. Scale-up experiment and the construction of natural products further prove the practicability of this strategy.

14.
Bioact Mater ; 8: 559-572, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34541420

RESUMO

We demonstrate a simple, effective and feasible method to address the shrinkage of Poly (lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) through a core-shell structure fiber strategy. The results revealed that introducing size-stable poly-caprolactone (PCL) as the core fiber significantly improved the PLGA-based fibrous scaffold's dimensional maintenance. We further utilized fish collagen to modify the PLGA shell layer (PFC) of coaxial fibers and loaded baicalin (BA) into the PCL core layer (PCL-BA) to endow fibrous scaffold with more functional biological cues. The PFC/PCL-BA fibrous scaffold promoted the osteogenic differentiation of bone mesenchymal stem cells and stimulated the RAW264.7 cells to polarize into a pro-reparative phenotype. Importantly, the in vivo study demonstrated that the PFC/PCL-BA scaffold could regulate inflammation and osteoclast differentiation, favor neovascularization and bone formation. This work tactfully combined PLGA and PCL to establish a drug release platform based on the core-shell fibrous scaffold for vascularized bone regeneration.

15.
Biochem Pharmacol ; 195: 114870, 2022 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34902339

RESUMO

MICAL1 has been reported to be involved in the malignant processes of several types of cancer cells, however, the roles of MICAL1 in colorectal cancer (CRC) have not been well-characterized. This study aims to investigate the cellular functions and molecular mechanisms of MICAL1 in CRC cells. Here, we found that both mRNA and protein levels of MICAL1 were down-regulated in colorectal cancer tissues compared with matched adjacent non-tumor tissues, and the expression level of MICAL1 was correlated with the metastatic status of colorectal cancer. Importantly, overexpression of MICAL1 significantly inhibited colorectal cancer cell migration and growth, and increased the level of E-cadherin and Occludin, and suppressed the expression level of Vimentin and N-cadherin; while silencing of MICAL1 promoted CRC cell migration and enhanced EMT. In addition, MICAL1 overexpression significantly inhibited the proliferation and growth of CRC in vitro and in vivo. Moreover, RNA sequencing and bioinformatics analysis identified that MICAL1 was closely correlated with "cell migration", "cell cycle" and "ß-catenin signaling" genesets. Mechanistically, overexpression of MICAL1 downregulated the mRNA level of EGR1 and ß-catenin, decreased the protein level and nuclear translocation of ß-catenin, and inhibited the transcriptions of ß-catenin downstream targets, c-myc and cyclin D1. The ectopic expression of EGR1 or ß-catenin can significantly block the MICAL1-mediated inhibitory effects. Collectively, MICAL1 is down-regulated in CRC, and plays an inhibitory role in the migration and growth of CRC cells by suppressing the ERG1/ß-catenin signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , Proteína 1 de Resposta de Crescimento Precoce/genética , Proteínas dos Microfilamentos/genética , Oxigenases de Função Mista/genética , Transdução de Sinais/genética , beta Catenina/genética , Animais , Caderinas/genética , Caderinas/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Neoplasias Colorretais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Proteína 1 de Resposta de Crescimento Precoce/metabolismo , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/genética , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Células HCT116 , Humanos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Proteínas dos Microfilamentos/metabolismo , Oxigenases de Função Mista/metabolismo , Transplante Heterólogo , Carga Tumoral/efeitos dos fármacos , beta Catenina/metabolismo
16.
Nanotechnology ; 33(15)2022 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34963111

RESUMO

Herein, electrochemical synthesis of tungsten trioxide (WO3) with globular clusters constructed of nanoplates is demonstrated. Under a breakdown anodization potential of 25 V at 50 °C, tungsten foil anode was efficiently electro-oxidized into WO3nanoplates-aggragated globular clusters powder, rather than a thin film structure as conventional anodization occurs. The WO3globular clusters were characterized by SEM, TEM, and XRD. Effects of electrolyte composition on the breakdown anodization of the W substrate has been discussed. It is suggested that the growth of the WO3nanoplates is initiated by localized anodic dielectric breakdown, and followed by an effective crystal growth in the electrolyte at high breakdown field.

17.
Brief Bioinform ; 2021 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34864875

RESUMO

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), rapidly became a global health challenge, leading to unprecedented social and economic consequences. The mechanisms behind the pathogenesis of SARS-CoV-2 are both unique and complex. Omics-scale studies are emerging rapidly and offer a tremendous potential to unravel the puzzle of SARS-CoV-2 pathobiology, as well as moving forward with diagnostics, potential drug targets, risk stratification, therapeutic responses, vaccine development and therapeutic innovation. This review summarizes various aspects of understanding multiomics integration-based molecular characterizations of COVID-19, which to date include the integration of transcriptomics, proteomics, genomics, lipidomics, immunomics and metabolomics to explore virus targets and developing suitable therapeutic solutions through systems biology tools. Furthermore, this review also covers an abridgment of omics investigations related to disease pathogenesis and virulence, the role of host genetic variation and a broad array of immune and inflammatory phenotypes contributing to understanding COVID-19 traits. Insights into this review, which combines existing strategies and multiomics integration profiling, may help further advance our knowledge of COVID-19.

18.
Front Cell Infect Microbiol ; 11: 770367, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34869072

RESUMO

Objective: Automation is increasingly being applied in clinical laboratories; however, preanalytical processing for microbiology tests and screening is still largely performed using manual methods owing to the complex procedures involved. To promote automation of clinical microbiology laboratories, it is important to assess the performance of automated systems for different specimen types separately. Therefore, the aim of this study was to explore the potential clinical application of the Copan Walk Away Specimen Processor (WASP) automated preanalytical microbiology processing system in the detection of pathogens in female reproductive tract specimens and its feasibility in optimizing diagnostic procedures. Methods: Female reproductive tract specimens collected from pregnant women at their first obstetric check-up were inoculated into culture media using the Copan WASP automated specimen processing system and were also cultured using a conventional manual inoculation method. After 48 h of culture, the growth of colonies was observed, and the types of bacteria, number of colonies, and efficiency in isolating single colonies were compared between the automated and manual groups. The specimens collected from the WASP system using the Copan-ESwab sample collection tubes were further analyzed for the presence of Chlamydia trachomatis (CT), Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG), and Ureaplasmaurealyticum (UU) via fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) and an immunochromatographic assay to investigate the feasibility of this method in optimizing detection of these common pathogens of the female reproductive tract. Results: Compared with the manual culture method, the Copan WASP microbiology automation system detected fewer bacterial types (P<0.001) and bacterial colonies (P<0.001) but had a higher detection rate of single colonies (P<0.001). There was no significant difference in the detection rates of common pathogens encountered in clinical obstetrics and gynecology, including group B Streptococcus (GBS) (P=0.575) and Candida (P=0.917), between the two methods. Specimens collected in the Copan-ESwab tubes could be used for screening of GBS and CT via fluorescence-based qPCR but not with immunochromatography. However, UU and NG were not detected in any sample with either method; thus, further validation is required to determine the feasibility of the Copan system for screening these pathogens. Conclusion: The Copan WASP microbiology automation system could facilitate the optimization of diagnostic procedures for detecting common pathogens of the female reproductive system, thereby reducing associated costs.

19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34851809

RESUMO

Asthma is a common complex disease with apparent genetic predispositions, and previous genome-wide association studies suggest that rs1295686 within the IL13 (interleukin 13) gene is significantly associated with asthma. Analysis of the data provided by the 1000 Genomes Project indicated that there are additional four SNPs in nearly complete linkage disequilibrium with rs1295686 in Caucasians. However, the causal SNPs and the associated mechanism remain unclear. To investigate this issue, functional genomics approaches were utilized to analyze the functions of these SNPs. Dual-luciferase assays indicated that the functional SNP is not rs1295686 but a haplotype consisting of other three SNPs, rs1295685, rs848 and rs847. Through chromosome conformation capture, it was found that the enhancer containing the three functional SNPs interacts with the promoter of TH2LCRR (T helper type 2 locus control region associated RNA), a recently identified long non-coding RNA. RNA-seq data analysis indicated that TH2LCRR expression is significantly increased in asthma patients and is dependent on the genotype at this locus, indicating that TH2LCRR is a novel susceptibility gene for asthma and that these SNPs confer asthma risk by regulating TH2LCRR expression. By chromatin immunoprecipitation, the related transcription factors that bind in the region surrounding these three SNPs were identified, and their interactions were investigated by functional genomics approaches. Our effort identified a novel mechanism through which genetic variations at this locus could influence asthma susceptibility.

20.
J Food Prot ; 2021 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34855936

RESUMO

The consumption of cheese in China is increasing rapidly. Little is known about the microbiota, the presence of antibiotic-resistant bacteria, or the distribution of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) in commercially-produced cheeses sold in China. These are important criteria for evaluating quality and safety. Thus, this study assessed the metagenomics of fifteen types of cheese using 16S rRNA gene sequencing. Fourteen bacterial genera were detected. Lactococcus , Lactobacillus , and Streptococcus were dominant based on numbers of sequence reads. Multidrug-resistant lactic acid bacteria were isolated from most of the types of cheese. The isolates showed 100% and 91.7% resistance to streptomycin and sulfamethoxazole, respectively, and genes involved in acquired resistance to streptomycin ( strB) and sulfonamides ( sul2) were detected with high frequency. To analyze the distribution of ARGs in the cheeses in overall, 309 ARGs from eight categories of ARG and nine transposase genes were profiled. A total of 169 ARGs were detected in the 15 cheeses; their occurrence and abundance varied significantly between cheeses. Our study demonstrates that there is various diversity of the bacteria and ARGs in cheeses sold in China. The risks associated with multidrug resistance of dominant lactic acid bacteria are of great concern.

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