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1.
Nat Prod Res ; : 1-8, 2021 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33858273

RESUMO

The ethanol extract of the roots of Codonopsis pilosula was subjected to chromatographic fractionation, which result in the isolation and characterization of two new aromatic derivatives 2,3-dihydroxypropyl 2,4-dihydroxy-3,6-dimethylbenzoate (1) and 2-oxopropyl 3-hydroxy-4-methoxybenzoate (2), along with three known compounds pilosulinene A (3), pollenfuran B (4) and (+)-pinoresinol (5). Their structures were demonstrated by HRESIMS and spectroscopic methods including NMR and IR. It is worth noting that compound 4 was isolated for the first time from the genus Codonopsis. The potential hypoglycemic properties of compounds 2-5 were evaluated by measuring their α-glucosidase inhibitory effects. As a result, compounds 2 and 3 showed weak α-glucosidase inhibitory activities with IC50 values of 154.8 ± 11.0 µM and 24.0 ± 2.2 µM, respectively.

2.
J Enzyme Inhib Med Chem ; 36(1): 790-801, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33733960

RESUMO

Isolation and identification of natural products from plants is an essential approach for discovering drug candidates. Herein we report the characterization of three sesquiterpene lactones from a new genus Shangwua, e.g. onopordopicrin (ONP), C2, and C3, and evaluation of their pharmacological functions in interfering cellular redox signaling. Compared to C2 and C3, ONP shows the most potency in killing cancer cells. Further experiments demonstrate that ONP robustly inhibits thioredoxin reductase (TrxR), which leads to perturbation of cellular redox homeostasis with the favor of oxidative stress. Knockdown of the TrxR sensitizes cells to the ONP treatment while overexpression of the enzyme reduces the potency of ONP, underpinning the correlation of TrxR inhibition to the cytotoxicity of ONP. The discovery of ONP expands the library of the natural TrxR inhibitors, and the disclosure of the action mechanism of ONP provides a foundation for the further development of ONP as an anticancer agent.

3.
Carbohydr Polym ; 261: 117821, 2021 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33766331

RESUMO

Damage to the cell membrane is an effective method to prevent drug resistance in plant fungal diseases. Here, we proposed a negative remodeling model of the cell membrane structure induced by the C-coordinated O-carboxymethyl chitosan Cu (II) complex (O-CSLn-Cu). FITC-labeled O-CSLn-Cu (FITC-O-CSLn-Cu) was first synthesized via a nucleophilic substitution reaction and confirmed by FT-IR. FITC-labeled O-CSLn-Cu could pass through the fungal cell membrane, as detected by confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) coupled with fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC)-fluorescence. O-CSLn-Cu treatment led to apparent morphological changes in the membranes of P. capsici Leonian and giant unilamellar vesicles (GUVs) by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Then, we performed component analysis of the cell membrane from the P. capsici Leonian affected by O-CSLn-Cu with a particular interest in membrane physicochemical properties. Many unsaturated fatty acids (UFAs) and key enzymes promoting UFA synthesis of the cell membrane were downregulated. Similarly, a large number of membrane proteins responsible for substance transport and biochemical reactions were downregulated. Furthermore, O-CSLn-Cu treatments increased plasma membrane permeability with significant leakage of intercellular electrolytes, soluble proteins and sugars, and lipid peroxidation with decreasing membrane fluidity. Finally, aquaporin 10 was proven to be a potential molecular target sensitive to antimicrobial agents according to composition analysis of membrane structure and immunohistochemistry.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33688997

RESUMO

This work investigated the clinical prognostic implications and biological function of plasma soluble programmed cell death ligand 1 in breast cancer patients. Plasma sPD-L1 levels of recurrent/metastatic breast cancer patients were determined, and the association of sPD-L1 levels and metastatic progression-free survival and metastatic overall survival was assessed. The PD-L1 expression on breast cancer cells was analyzed by flow cytometry, and the level of sPD-L1 in the supernatant of breast cancer cells was determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Furthermore, the effect of sPD-L1 on the proliferation and apoptosis of T lymphocytes was detected by WST-1 assay and flow cytometry. The plasma sPD-L1 levels in 208 patients with recurrent/metastatic breast cancer before receiving first-line rescue therapy were measured. The optimal cutoff value of plasma sPD-L1 for predicting disease progression was 8.774 ng/ml. Univariate and multivariate analyses identified high sPD-L1 level (≥ 8.774 ng/ml) and visceral metastasis were independent factors associated with poor prognosis. Relevance analysis showed that the plasma sPD-L1 level was weaklyassociated with some systemic inflammation markers, including white cell count (WBC), absolute monocytecount, and absolute neutrophil count. Furthermore, we found sPD-L1 could be found in supernatant of culture with breast cancer cell line expressing PD-L1 on the cell surface and inhibit T lymphocyte function, playing a negative regulatory role in cellular immunity. sPD-L1 was a good tumor predictive maker in breast cancer and it may play a potentially important role in immune tolerance.

5.
Mar Pollut Bull ; 166: 112222, 2021 Mar 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33711610

RESUMO

A marine diatom (Phaeodactylum tricornutum) was exposed to different concentrations of dimethyl phthalate (DMP) and diethyl phthalate (DEP) for 96 h within a batch-culture system to investigate their toxicities. Results showed that P. tricornutum could remove DMP and DEP effectively with removal rates of 0.20-0.30 and 0.14-0.21 mg L-1 h-1, respectively. In addition, DMP and DEP significantly inhibited the photosynthesis and chlorophyll a biosynthesis of P. tricornutum with 96-h EC50 values of 390.5 mg L-1 and 74.0 mg L-1, respectively. Results of reactive oxygen species (ROS) level suggested that the two PAEs could induce excessive ROS production in the diatom. Moreover, activities of antioxidant enzymes (i.e., SOD and POD) in the diatom increased with the increase of DMP and DEP concentrations. The results will help to understand the toxic mechanisms of PAEs, and provide strong evidences for evaluating their ecological risks in the marine environment.

6.
Carbohydr Polym ; 258: 117676, 2021 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33593552

RESUMO

Electrospun nanofiber membrane (ENM) shows great advantage and potential in wastewater treatment due to its unique properties. However, exploring a green and efficient ENM for remediation of complex wastewater, such as simultaneous containing oils, dyes and heavy metal ion, remains challenging. In this work, a cellulose-based photocatalytic ENM, is constructed for this purpose. The hybrid ENM is prepared via electrospinning deacetylated cellulose acetate/polyvinyl pyrrolidone (CeP) nanofibers as skeleton cores and in-situ synthesis of beta hydroxyl oxidize iron decorated iron-based MOF (ß-FeOOH@MIL-100(Fe)) heterojunctions as photocatalytic sheaths. The core-sheath structured ENM has ultrahigh MIL-100(Fe) loading (78 wt%), large surface areas (1105 m2/g) and well-dispersed ß-FeOOH nanorods. Thanks to these porous and hydrophilic MIL-100(Fe), along with a robust photocatalysis-Fenton synergy from ß-FeOOH@MIL-100(Fe), the as-prepared ENM shows outstanding performances with simultaneous high removal efficiency for oils (99.5 %), dyes (99.4 %) and chromium ion (Cr(VI)) (99.7 %). Additionally, the photocatalytic ENM can achieve a long-term reuse owing to its inherent self-cleaning function.

7.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 137: 111308, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33556877

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Doxorubicin (DOX) is an anthracycline antitumor antibiotic widely utilized in treating various tumors. Nevertheless, the toxicity of DOX toward normal cells limits its applicability, with nephrotoxicity considered a major dose-limiting adverse effect. Apigenin (APG), a flavonoid widely distributed in natural plants, has been reported to have antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and mild tumor-suppressive properties. In this study, we investigated the role of APG in DOX-induced nephrotoxicity and chemotherapeutic efficacy. METHODS: Male BALB/c mice were administered DOX (11.5 mg/kg) via the tail vein to establish the DOX nephropathy model. After treatment with or without APG (125, 250, and 500 mg/kg) for two weeks, urine, serum, and tissue samples were collected to evaluate proteinuria, serum albumin, serum creatinine (Scr), blood urea nitrogen (BUN), superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity, malondialdehyde (MDA), glutathione (GSH), and pathological changes. Rat renal tubular epithelial cells (NRK52E), murine podocyte cells (MPC5), and murine breast cancer cells (4T1) were utilized to verify the effect of APG on DOX-induced cell injury. An MTT assay was employed to analyze cell viability. Apoptosis was evaluated using a colorimetric TUNEL staining and cleaved caspase-3 protein analysis by western blotting. A reactive oxygen species (ROS)/superoxide (O2-) fluorescence probe was employed to determine oxidative injury. Western blotting was used to analyze nephrin, α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), collagen I (Col1), fibronectin (FN), and SOD2 expression. The mRNA levels of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-18 (IL-18), IL-6, NACHT, LRR, PYD domain-containing protein 3 (NLRP3), caspase-1, and IL-1ß were tested by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). RESULTS: APG ameliorated DOX-elicited renal injuries in both the glomeruli and tubules. The DOX + APG groups had much lower tissue MDA, IL-6, TNF-α, NLRP3, caspase-1, and IL-1ß levels and generation of intracellular ROS, but significantly higher SOD activity and GSH levels compared to those of the DOX group. Additionally, APG attenuated DOX-induced morphological changes, loss of cellular viability, and apoptosis in NRK-52E and MPC-5 cells, but not in 4T1 cells. CONCLUSION: APG has a protective role against DOX-induced nephrotoxicity, without weakening DOX cytotoxicity in malignant tumors. Thus, APG may serve as a potential protective agent against renal injury and inflammatory diseases and may be a promising candidate to attenuate renal toxicity in cancer patients treated with DOX.

8.
IEEE Trans Med Imaging ; PP2021 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33507867

RESUMO

To better understand early brain development in health and disorder, it is critical to accurately segment infant brain magnetic resonance (MR) images into white matter (WM), gray matter (GM), and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). Deep learning-based methods have achieved state-of-the-art performance; however, one of the major limitations is that the learning-based methods may suffer from the multi-site issue, that is, the models trained on a dataset from one site may not be applicable to the datasets acquired from other sites with different imaging protocols/scanners. To promote methodological development in the community, the iSeg-2019 challenge (http://iseg2019.web.unc.edu) provides a set of 6-month infant subjects from multiple sites with different protocols/scanners for the participating methods. Training/validation subjects are from UNC (MAP) and testing subjects are from UNC/UMN (BCP), Stanford University, and Emory University. By the time of writing, there are 30 automatic segmentation methods participated in the iSeg-2019. In this article, 8 top-ranked methods were reviewed by detailing their pipelines/implementations, presenting experimental results, and evaluating performance across different sites in terms of whole brain, regions of interest, and gyral landmark curves. We further pointed out their limitations and possible directions for addressing the multi-site issue. We find that multi-site consistency is still an open issue. We hope that the multi-site dataset in the iSeg-2019 and this review article will attract more researchers to address the challenging and critical multi-site issue in practice.

9.
Sci Total Environ ; 764: 144279, 2021 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33401041

RESUMO

Arsenic-rich schwertmannite may cause arsenic (As) release during phase transition. In this study, microbial sulfidogenesis on As(V)-loaded schwertmannite (As-Sch) and associated As mobility at different SO42- concentrations were investigated under anaerobic conditions by Desulfosporosinus meridiei (D. meridiei). For biotic treatments, the more SO42- was added, the more Fe3+ was reduced to Fe2+, and the more As(V) was released during the reductive dissolution of As-Sch. The reduction of As(V) to As(III) by D. meridiei resulted in a higher concentration, toxicity, solubility and mobility of As than the corresponding abiotic treatments. However, compared with the abiotic treatments, a variety of new minerals (such as mackinawite, vivianite, sulfur, As2S3, and parasymplesite) were generated in the biotic treatments, and the As concentration in aqueous solution was less than 1 µM at the end of the incubation period regardless of the presence of SO42-. The results of continuous extraction of different species of As from secondary minerals showed that the effect of microorganisms decreased As content of amorphous iron oxide-bound phase, while increasing that bound on the surface of iron oxide surface-bound phase, thus increasing As fluidity. Our findings indicated that under anaerobic conditions, D. meridiei sulfidogenesis can trigger significant As mobilization in the early stage and remove As from the aqueous solutions when new minerals are formed at a later stage.


Assuntos
Arsênico , Compostos Férricos , Ferro , Compostos de Ferro , Oxirredução , Peptococcaceae
10.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 22(1): 67, 2021 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33435956

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) has been implicated in the progression of osteoarthritis (OA). This study was aimed to explore the role and molecular mechanism of lncRNA HOXA terminal transcriptional RNA (HOTTIP) in the development of OA. METHODS: The expression of HOTTIP, miR-663a and Fyn-related kinase (FRK) in the OA articular cartilage and OA chondrocyte model induced by IL-1ß was determined by qRT-PCR. CCK-8, colony formation and flow cytometry were used to determine the cell proliferation and apoptosis of OA chondrocytes. The specific molecular mechanism of HOTTIP in OA chondrocytes was determined by dual luciferase reporter assay, qRT-PCR, western blotting and RNA pull-down. RESULTS: The expression of HOTTIP and FRK were up-regulated, while miR-663a was down-regulated in OA cartilage tissues. Knockdown of HOTTIP decreased the proliferation and induced the apoptosis of OA cartilage model cells, while overexpression of HOTTIP increased the proliferation and reduced the apoptosis of OA cartilage model cells. Moreover, HOTTIP could bind to miR-663a as competitive endogenous RNA. Inhibition of miR-663a expression could alleviate the effect of HOTTIP knockdown on the proliferation and apoptosis of OA cartilage model cells. Furthermore, FRK was found to be a direct target of miR-663a, which could markedly down-regulate the expression of FRK in OA chondrocytes, while HOTTIP could remarkably up-regulate the expression of FRK. In addition, miR-663a inhibition increased the proliferation and reduced the apoptosis of OA cells, while FRK knockdown reversed the effect of miR-663a inhibition on the proliferation and apoptosis of OA cells. Meanwhile, overexpression of miR-663a decreased the proliferation and induced the apoptosis of OA cells, while overexpression of FRK reversed the effect of miR-663a overexpression on the proliferation and apoptosis of OA cells. CONCLUSION: HOTTIP was involved in the proliferation and apoptosis of OA chondrocytes via miR-663a/ FRK axis, and HOTTIP/miR-663a/FRK might be a potential target for the treatment of OA.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33386055

RESUMO

Self-powered devices have great potential in daily applications ranging from portable electronics to wearable body sensors, yet their working lifetime and performance are normally limited by the low energy density of the power unit as well as additional resistive losses induced by connections between electronic and power moieties. Herein, we report an effective programmable laser-assisted fabrication of facilely integrated microphotocapacitors (integrated devices of solar cells and microsupercapacitors, mPCs) exhibiting high output voltage and energy density (32.3 µWh cm-2). An mPC pack (8 mPCs in series within a size of 3 × 3 cm2) delivers an excellent Voc of 7.3 V, and an output voltage of 90 V can be obtained with an array of 14 mPC packs when tested outdoors under solar illumination (63 mW cm-2), setting a new benchmark for integrated self-charging power packs. These devices have also shown good stability (stable operation over 2000 cycles, 2.1 × 104 s) and performance under low- or intermittent-intensity light illuminations, highlighting their abilities to work indoors or under cloudy weather.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33476095

RESUMO

Frequency-upconverted fluorescence and stimulated emission induced by multiphoton absorption (MPA) have attracted much interest. As compared with low-order MPA processes, the construction of high-order MPA processes is highly desirable and rather attractive, yet remains a formidable challenge due to its inherent low transition probability. We report the observation of the first experimental frequency-upconverted fluorescence and stimulated emission by simultaneous six-photon excitation in an organic molecular system. The well-designed organic conjugated system based on cross-shaped spiro-fused ladder-type oligo(p-phenylene)s (SpL-z, z=1-3) manifests reasonably high MPA cross-sections and brilliant luminescence emission simultaneously. The six-photon absorption cross-section of SpL-3 with an extended π-conjugation was evaluated as 8.67×10-169  cm12 s5 photon-5 . Exceptionally efficient 2- to 6-photon excited stimulated emission was achieved under near-infrared laser excitation.

13.
J Hazard Mater ; 402: 123717, 2021 01 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33254757

RESUMO

Microbial sulfidization of arsenic (As)-bearing jarosite involves complex processes and is yet to be fully elucidated. Here, we investigated the behavior of As during reductive dissolution of As(V)-bearing jarosite by a pure sulfate reducing bacterium with or without dissolved SO42- amendment. Changes of aqueous chemistry, mineralogical characteristics, and As speciation were examined in batch experiments. The results indicated that jarosite was mostly replaced by mackinawite in the system with added SO42-. In the medium without additional SO42-, mackinawite, vivianite, pyrite, and magnetite formed as secondary Fe minerals, though 24.55 % of total Fe was in form of an aqueous Fe2+ phase. The produced Fe2+ in turn catalyzed the transformation of jarosite. At the end of the incubation, 41.99 % and 48.10 % of As in the solid phase got released into the aqueous phase in the systems with and without added SO42-, respectively. The addition of dissolved SO42- mitigated the mobilization of As into the aqueous phase. In addition, all As5+ on the solid surface was reduced to As3+ during the microbial sulfidization of As-bearing jarosite. These findings are important for a better understanding of geochemical cycling of elements As, S, and Fe in acid mine drainage and acid sulfate soil environments.

14.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 209: 111759, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33341695

RESUMO

Ionic liquids (ILs) have been reported to be a potential water and soil pollutant, whose toxicity has gained much attention in recent years. In this work, silkworm larvae were used as a novel in vivo model to assess the biotoxicity of ILs, which were performed by three steps. The first step was to determine the susceptibility of different silkworm strains to ILs. Data showed that Jingsong×haoyue was the most susceptible one among three silkworm strains (Jingsong×haoyue, P50, and Yi16) for evaluating the biological effects of ILs. The second step was to compare the toxicity of ILs with different structures using the larvae of Jingsong×haoyue. It was found that three representative ILs, 1-octyl-3-methylimidazole chloride ([C8mim]Cl), N-octyl-3-methylpyridine chloride ([C8mpy]Cl), and 1-octyl-3-methylimidazole tetrafluoroborate ([C8mim]BF4), had significant toxic effects on the growth and development of the larvae with 24 h median lethal concentration (24 h-LC50) values of 112.3, 156.3, and 68.9 µg g-1, respectively, indicating that the types of anions and cations had impacts on the toxicity of ILs. The last step was targeted at investigating responses of the larvae to the exposure of ILs. It was observed that remarkable physiological and biochemical responses occurred in different tissues of the larvae. For example, activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), and peroxidase (POD) in different tissues increased significantly to form an active protective mechanism for alleviating the toxic effects of ILs. Additionally, an increase of malondialdehyde (MDA) contents was found in the larvae. The data suggested that ILs could induce lipid peroxidation and cellular damage, which may be the main reason for toxicity of ILs to the larvae. Therefore, silkworm larvae could be used as a susceptible and reliable in vivo model to evaluate the toxicity of ILs, and the results are helpful to reveal their toxic mechanism to insects.


Assuntos
Substâncias Perigosas/toxicidade , Líquidos Iônicos/toxicidade , Animais , Ânions/química , Bombyx/metabolismo , Bombyx/fisiologia , Catalase/metabolismo , Cátions , Cloretos , Estudos de Viabilidade , Imidazóis , Larva/metabolismo , Peroxidação de Lipídeos/efeitos dos fármacos , Malondialdeído , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo , Testes de Toxicidade
15.
Nat Prod Bioprospect ; 2020 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33146865

RESUMO

Three previously undescribed cytochalasins, named xylariasins A‒C (1‒3), together with six known ones (4‒9) were isolated from Xylaria sp. CFL5, an endophytic fungus of Cephalotaxus fortunei. The chemical structures of all new compounds were elucidated on the basis of extensive spectroscopic data analyses and electronic circular dichroism calculation, as well as optical rotation calculation. Biological activities of compounds 1, 4‒9 were evaluated, including cytotoxic, LAG3/MHC II binding inhibition and LAG3/FGL1 binding inhibition activities. Compounds 6 and 9 possessed cytotoxicity against AGS cells at 5 µM, with inhibition rates of 94% and 64%, respectively. In addition, all tested isolates, except compound 6, exhibited obvious inhibitory activity against the interaction of both LAG3/MHC II and LAG3/FGL1. Compounds 1, 5, 7, and 8 inhibited LAG3/MHC II with IC50 values ranging from 2.37 to 4.74 µM. Meanwhile, the IC50 values of compounds 1, 7, and 8 against LAG3/FGL1 were 11.78, 4.39, and 7.45 µM, respectively.

16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33144869

RESUMO

Background: It is generally considered that traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) therapy postpones the progression of some chronic kidney diseases (CKDs). Chinese medicine herbs are widely applied in TCM therapy. We aimed to evaluate clinical efficacy and safety of Chinese herbal formula granules in patients with CKD stage 3 through a prospective randomized controlled study. Methods: A total of 343 participants with CKD stage 3 were recruited from 9 hospitals in Jiangsu Province between April 2014 and October 2016. Participants were randomly assigned to a treatment or control group. Patients in the treatment group orally took Chinese herbal formula granules twice a day, while controls received placebo granules. The duration of intervention was 24 weeks. Primary outcomes were 24-hour proteinuria, serum creatinine, and eGFR, which were measured every 4 weeks. Results: There was no statistical difference in 24-hour proteinuria between the two groups (0.97 ± 1.14 g/d vs. 0.97 ± 1.25 g/d). Patients in the treatment group had significantly lower serum creatinine level (130.78 ± 32.55 µmol/L versus 149.12 ± 41.27 µmol/L) and significantly higher eGFR level (55.74 ± 50.82 ml/min/1.73·m2 versus 44.46 ± 12.60 ml/min/1.73·m2) than those in the control group (P < 0.05). There was no significant difference between two groups in the incidence of adverse events. Conclusion: The treatment adopting Chinese herbal formula granules for 24 weeks improved kidney function of patients with CKD stage 3.

17.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 89(Pt B): 107100, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33091812

RESUMO

The role of nontreponemal antibodies in the Treponema pallidum infection course is unclear. We investigated the effect of immunization with nontreponemal antigen on T. pallidum-challenged rabbits. Nontreponemal antigen was injected intravenously into rabbits in the nontreponemal group (n = 12) to elicit antibodies (≥1:64), and normal saline-injected rabbits were used as controls (n = 12). Then, rabbits were challenged with 106T. pallidum per site along their back. Lesion development was observed, and the injection sites were biopsied for mRNA analysis every week. Six rabbits from both groups were euthanized at 14 d and 28 d. The popliteal lymph nodes were extracted to assess infectivity using a rabbit infectivity test. The maximum lesion diameters were not different between the two groups (12.4 ± 0.9 mm in the nontreponemal group vs. 12.5 ± 1.0 mm in the control group, P = 0.386), but the time to maximum diameter appearance was delayed by approximately 4 d in the nontreponemal group (14.4 ± 1.6 d vs. 10.8 ± 1.9 d, P = 0.000). There were no significant differences in the proportions of lesions (58/60 (96.7%) vs. 59/60 (98.3%), P = 0.500) or ulcers (55/60 (91.7%) vs. 57/60 (95.0%), P = 0.359) between the two groups. An ulcer development delay of 5 d was observed in the nontreponemal group (19.3 ± 2.0 d vs. 14.0 ± 1.8 d, P = 0.000). IL-2 and IFN-γ mRNA expression in the nontreponemal group was significantly higher than that in the control group at 7 d and 14 d post-challenge. flaA mRNA expression and the rabbit infectivity test positive rate were not different between the two groups. Immunization with nontreponemal antigen altered the syphilis course in rabbits, resulting in delayed maximal lesion diameter and ulcer development, but it could not inhibit the spread of T. pallidum from primary lesion sites to viscera.

18.
Rev. esp. enferm. dig ; 112(10): 816-816, oct. 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS-Express | IBECS | ID: ibc-ET5-2217

RESUMO

No disponible

19.
Rev Esp Enferm Dig ; 112(10): 815-816, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32954771

RESUMO

We have read the article entitled "A rare association: acute pancreatitis caused by the influenza virus A with secondary appendicitis in a six-year-old girl" by Láinez Ramos-Bossini AJ et al. with great interest. This case report is successful and informative. We are specifically interested in viruses and pediatric pancreatitis and would like to mention a few crucial points about pediatric pancreatitis caused by a viral infection.

20.
Appl Opt ; 59(27): 8118, 2020 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32976390

RESUMO

This publisher's note corrects the author listing in Appl. Opt.59, 7114 (2020).APOPAI0003-693510.1364/AO.397357.

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