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1.
J Cell Biochem ; 121(1): 93-102, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31081181

RESUMO

Porphyromonas gingivalis, as a major pathogen of periodontitis, could rapidly adhere to and invade host gingival epithelial cells (GECs) for the induction of infection. One ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter gene was found to be upregulated during this infection process, however, the molecular mechanisms remain unclear. In this study, we systemically investigated the messenger RNA level changes of all ABC transporter family genes in P. gingivalis while being internalized within GECs by real-time polymerase chain reaction. We identified that two ABC transporter genes, PG_RS04465 (PG1010) and PG_RS07320 (PG1665), were significantly increased in P. gingivalis after coculturing with GECs. Mutant strains with knockout (KO) of these two genes were generated by homogenous recombination. PG_RS04465 and PG_RS07320 KO mutants showed no change in the growth of bacteria per se. Knockdown of PG_RS07320, but not PG_RS04465, caused decreased endotoxin level in the bacteria. In contrast, both mutant strains showed decreased Arg- and Lys-gingipains activities, with significantly reduced adhesion and invasion capabilities. Secreted interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß) and IL-6 levels in GECs cocultured with PG_RS04465 or PG_RS07320 KO mutants were also decreased, whereas, only the cells cocultured with PG_RS07320 KO mutants showed significant decrease. In addition, virulence study using mouse revealed that both KO mutant strains infection caused less mouse death than wild-type strains, showing reduced virulence of two KO strains. These results indicated that ABC transporter genes PG_RS04465 and PG_RS07320 are positive regulators of the virulence of P. gingivalis.

2.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 187: 109809, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31654861

RESUMO

A theoretical non-linear combined toxicity assessment method is proposed and evaluated using Microcystis aeruginosa as the test organism. The combined toxicity of binary heavy metals was evaluated by comparing the actual inhibitory rates shown from the experiments with the theoretically calculated inhibitory rates. It was identified that the binary mixtures of Cu2++ Cd2+, Cu2++ Cr3+ and Zn2++ Cr3+ had the synergistic effects when the combined concentrations were low, but exhibited the antagonistic effects with the higher combined concentrations. Furthermore, the toxic effect of Pb2+ was not influenced by the addition of Cu2+ when combined concentration was low, but it was enhanced by Cu2+ at the high combined concentration. The binary mixtures of Zn2++ Cd2+, Pb2++ Cr3+, Pb2++ Cd2+, Pb2++ Zn2+, and Cr3++ Cd2+ always presented antagonistic effects, while the synergistic toxicity effect on M. aeruginosa was observed for the binary mixtures of Cu2++ Zn2+ regardless of combined concentration. The proposed assessment method was also validated by the antioxidant enzyme activity, which showed synergistic or antagonistic effects under different binary mixtures of heavy metals.

3.
Biochim Biophys Acta Gen Subj ; 1864(1): 129422, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31491457

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous studies suggested that fibrillar human IAPP (hIAPP) is more likely to deposit in ß-cells, resulting in ß-cell injury. However, the changes in the conformation of hIAPP in lipid environment and the mechanism involved in ß-cell damage are unclear. METHODS: Synthetic hIAPP was incubated with five types of free fatty acids and phospholipids 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (POPC) and 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phospho-l-serine (POPS), which constitute the cell membrane. Thioflavin-T fluorescence assay was conducted to analyze the degree of hIAPP fibrosis, and circular dichroism spectroscopy was performed to detect the ß-fold formation of hIAPP. Furthermore, INS-1 cells were infected with human IAPP delivered by a GV230-EGFP plasmid. The effects of endogenous hIAPP overexpression induced by sodium palmitate on the survival, endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, and apoptosis of INS-1 cells were evaluated. RESULTS: The five types of free fatty acids can accelerate the fibrosis of hIAPP. Sodium palmitate also maintained the stability of fibrillar hIAPP. POPS, not POPC, accelerated hIAPP fibrosis. Treatment of INS-1 cells with sodium palmitate increased the expression of hIAPP, activated ER stress and ER stress-dependent apoptosis signaling pathways, and increased the apoptotic rate. CONCLUSION: Free fatty acids and anionic phospholipid can promote ß-fold formation and fibrosis in hIAPP. High lipid induced the overexpression of hIAPP and aggravated ER stress and apoptosis in INS-1 cells, which caused ß-cell death in high lipid environment. GENERAL SIGNIFICANCE: Our study reveals free fatty acids and hIAPP synergistically implicated in endoplasmic reticulum stress and apoptosis of islet ß-cells.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31786764

RESUMO

Ketamine is an anesthetic and analgesic drug widely used in clinical anesthesia. To ensure the safety of anesthesia, it is necessary to study its side effects. Pregnancy is a key period for the development and growth of offspring. During this period, the proliferation and differentiation of brain cells and the synaptic formation are easily affected by external stimuli. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of ketamine. Ketamine anesthesia was administered to rats in the second trimester of pregnancy, and two behavioral tests were performed, including contextual and cued fear conditioning test (CFC) and Morris water maze (MWM). At the end of the behavioral test, Nissl and Golgi staining were used to detect the dendrite density of hippocampal neurons to reveal the effect of maternal ketamine anesthesia on the hippocampus of offspring. Key proteins and their downstream transcription factors in Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathway from the embryonic development to the adulthood were studied. Our results showed that rats receiving maternal ketamine suffered from nerve injury. The density of hippocampal nerves and dendritic spine changed. Some genes related to Wnt/ß-catenin pathway and Tcf/Lef were downregulated. In conclusion, maternal anesthesia with ketamine in the second trimester of pregnancy can lead to cognitive memory impairment and neurotoxicity in the hippocampus of offspring through Wnt/ ß-catenin signaling pathway.

5.
Transplant Proc ; 51(9): 3159-3162, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31711585

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Allogenic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation may be the best currently available method to treat relapsed hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) related to Epstein-Barr virus. The high rate of transplantation-related complications was initially the main obstacle preventing the wider adoption of this protocol; however, the previously more common complications, such as infection and graft failure, have fallen to very low levels with the development of new drugs and methods. Some other complications, such as veno-occlusive disease and transplantation associated thrombotic microangiopathy, are rare after allogenic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, but the morbidity and mortality associated with them are very high. CASE PRESENTATION: A patient with relapsed HLH related to Epstein-Barr virus showed the sequential severe complications of veno-occlusive disease, transplantation-associated thrombotic microangiopathy, and acute graft-vs-host disease after haploidentical transplantation. This patient was successfully treated by stopping administration of calcineurin inhibitors and instead treating with defibrotide, rituximab, CD25 monoclonal antibody, atorvastatin calcium tablets, methylprednisolone, budesonide, continuous plasma exchange, and bedside ultrafiltration. At the last follow-up, the patient had been living disease free for 2 years without any other complications. CONCLUSION: Epstein-Barr virus related-HLH patients have severe clinical features and currently poor prognosis. Allogenic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation may be the best way to treat this disease; however, the management of related complications is vital in the improvement of long-term survival.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31720785

RESUMO

Activation of complement system in central nervous system (CNS) of the patients suffering from prion diseases or animal models infected with prion agents experimentally is reported repeatedly, but which pathways are involved in the complement system during prion infection is not well documented. Here, we evaluated the level of complement factor B (CFB), which is the key factor that triggers alterative pathway (AP) of complement in the brain tissues of scrapie-infected mice with various methodologies. We found that the levels of mRNA and protein of CFB significantly increased in the brain tissues of scrapie-infected mice. Morphologically, the increased CFB-specific signal overlapped with the elevated C3 signal in brain sections of scrapie-infected mice, meanwhile overlapped with damaged neurons and activated microglia, but not with the proliferative astrocytes. Additionally, the level of complement factor P (CFP), the key positive regulator of AP, also increased remarkably in the brain tissues of infected mice. The transcriptional levels of CD55 and CD46, two negative regulators of AP, decreased without significance in brain tissues of scrapie-infected mice at the terminal stage. However, the mRNA and protein levels of CFH, another negative regulator of AP, increased. Through the dynamic analyses of the expressions of CFB, CFP, and CFH in brain sections of 139A-infected mice, which were collected at different time-points during incubation period, illustrated time-dependent increase levels of each factor during the incubation period of scrapie infection. Taken together, our data here demonstrate that the AP of complement cascade is activated in the CNS microenvironment during prion infection.

7.
Cancer Med ; 2019 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31721465

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The treatment of advanced gallbladder cancer (GBC) remains controversial. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to explore treatment choices for advanced GBC. METHODS: We identified four different treatments from the surveillance, epidemiology, and end results (SEER) database: surgery, chemotherapy (CT), surgery and chemotherapy (Surgery + CT), and no surgery/no chemotherapy (No surgery/No CT). Kaplan-Meier method and Cox proportional hazards regression method were used to determine the risk factors for overall survival (OS) and cancer-specific survival (CSS). In addition, patients in AJCC stages III and IV stage were matched with 1:1 propensity score matching (PSM) for diagnosis age, race, marital status, histological type, tumor grade, and treatment pattern to decrease the possibility of selection bias. RESULTS: A total of 288 AJCC stage III patients and 4239 AJCC stage IV patients with advanced GBC were identified from the SEER database between 2004 and 2015. Treatment pattern was an independent risk factor for patients with advanced GBC. For all patient, AJCC stage III patients and AJCC stage IV patients, "Surgery + CT" treatment minimized the OS and CSS in advanced GBC patients. In addition, after the PSM analysis, the "Surgery + CT" treatment still significantly decreased patient OS and CSS. CONCLUSIONS: "Surgery + CT" treatment can provide survival benefits for patients with advanced GBC. In addition, "Surgery + CT" treatment was not fully utilized and may further improve the survival rate of GBC patients.

8.
Eur J Med Chem ; : 111865, 2019 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31735573

RESUMO

We here report the discovery of isoquinoline-based biaryls as a new scaffold for colchicine domain tubulin inhibitors. Colchicinoid inhibitors offer highly desirable cytotoxic and vascular disrupting bioactivities, but their further development requires improving in vivo robustness and tolerability: properties that both depend on the scaffold structure employed. We have developed isoquinoline-based biaryls as a novel scaffold for high-potency tubulin inhibitors, with excellent robustness, druglikeness, and facile late-stage structural diversification, accessible through a tolerant synthetic route. We confirmed their bioactivity mechanism in vitro, developed soluble prodrugs, and established safe in vivo dosing in mice. By addressing several problems facing the current families of inhibitors, we expect that this new scaffold will find a range of in vivo applications towards translational use in cancer therapy.

9.
J Virol ; 2019 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31666381

RESUMO

Infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) is an important member of the Birnaviridae family, causing severe immunosuppressive disease in chickens. The major capsid VP2 protein is responsible for the binding of IBDV to the host cell and its cellular tropism. In order to find the potential interaction proteins with IBDV VP2, LC/MS assay was conducted and host protein chicken CD74 protein was identified. Here, we investigate the role of chicken CD74 in IBDV attachment. Co-immunoprecipitation assays indicated that the extracellular domain of CD74 interacted with the VP2 protein of multiple IBDV strains. Knockdown and Overexpression experiments showed that CD74 promotes viral infectivity. Confocal assay showed that CD74 overexpression allows the attachment of IBDV and subvirus-like particles (SVPs) to the cell surface of non-permissive cells, and qPCR analysis further confirmed the attachment function of CD74. Anti-CD74 antibody, soluble CD74, depletion of CD74 by small interfering RNA (siRNA), and CD74 knockdown in the IBDV-susceptible DT40 cell line significantly inhibited IBDV binding, suggesting a pivotal role of this protein in virus attachment. These findings demonstrate that CD74 is a novel important receptor for IBDV attachment to the chicken B lymphocyte cell line DT40.IMPORTANCE CD74 plays a pivotal role in the correct folding and functional stability of MHC II molecules and in the presentation of antigenic peptides, acting as a regulatory factor in the antigen presentation process. In our study, we demonstrated a novel role of CD74 during IBDV infection, showing that chicken CD74 plays a significant role in IBDV binding to target B cells by interacting with the viral VP2 protein. This is the first report demonstrating that CD74 is involved as a novel attachment receptor in the IBDV life cycle in target B cells, thus contributing new insight into host-pathogen interactions.

10.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 11(48): 45189-45198, 2019 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31701732

RESUMO

The doping ring-core nickel phosphide/graphene nanomaterial is obtained by H2 reduction of the flower-like nickel phosphates/graphene oxide (NiPOGO) and sea urchin-like nickel phosphates/chemically converted graphene (NiPOG) substrates. The obtained structure of nickel phosphates depends on the influence of different kinds of oxygen-containing groups on the graphene substrate. The substrate can also affect the particle size and distribution of nickel phosphate nanoparticles. The substrate can adjust the particle size, distribution, and exposed growth direction of nickel phosphide. These materials with high activity are employed as electrochemical catalysts for methanol oxidation reactions, which is ∼7 times that of pure nickel phosphide, and there is a very small Tafel slope of 47 mV decade-1 in the water oxidation reaction. Our results highlight that the substrate structure is essential to catalytic materials for electrochemical oxidation of methanol and water.

11.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi ; 36(11): 1073-1076, 2019 Nov 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31703128

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the association of single nucleotide polymorphisms of multidrug resistance gene 1 (MDR1) with refractory epilepsy in children. METHODS: Peripheral blood samples were collected from 200 children with epilepsy and 100 healthy controls. Genomic DNA was extracted and subjected to PCR amplification, agarose gel electrophoresis and target site sequencing. Genotypes of rs1922242, rs2235048, rs10808072, rs868755 and rs1202184 loci of the MDR1 gene were analyzed. RESULTS: No significant difference was found in genotypic distribution and allelic frequencies of the rs1922242, rs2235048, rs10808072 and rs868755 loci between the drug-resistant and drug-sensitive groups. For the rs1202184 locus, a significant difference in genotypic distribution was found (P=0.008). No significant difference was found in the frequencies of various haplotypes between the two groups. CONCLUSION: Genotypes of the rs1202184 locus of the MDR1 gene are associated with refractory epilepsy in children, for which the AA genotype plays a dominant role.


Assuntos
Epilepsia Resistente a Medicamentos/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Subfamília B de Transportador de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP/genética , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Frequência do Gene , Genótipo , Haplótipos , Humanos
12.
Haematologica ; 2019 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31780634

RESUMO

T-cell lymphoblastic lymphoma (T-LBL) is a highly aggressive form of lymphoma with poor clinical outcomes and lacks of a standard treatment regimen. In this study, we assessed the safety and efficacy of tandem autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (auto-HSCT) strategy for adult T-LBL and evaluated prognostic factors affecting survival. 181 Newly-diagnosed adult T-LBL patients were enrolled, 89 patients were treated with chemotherapy alone, 46 patients were allocated to single auto-HSCT group, 46 patients were treated with tandem auto-HSCT. The median follow-up time was 37 months, the 3-year progression/relapse rate of the tandem auto-HSCT group was significantly lower than that of the single auto-HSCT group and chemotherapy group (26.5% vs 53.1% and 54.8%). The 3-year PFS and OS rate of the tandem auto-HSCT group (73.5% and 76.3%) were significantly higher than those of the single auto-HSCT group (46.9% and 58.3%) and the chemotherapy group (45.1% and 57.1%). In the tandem auto-HSCT group, age and disease status after the first transplantation impacted the OS and PFS. Multivariate analysis identified that disease status after the first transplantation was the only independent prognostic factor for patients treated with tandem-HSCT. In addition, diagnostic models of the initial CD8+CD28+/CD8+CD28- T cell ratio in predicting the disease status were found to be significant. Taken together, tandem auto-HSCT can be considered an optimal strategy for adult T-LBL patients (ChiCTR-ONN-16008480).

13.
J Org Chem ; 2019 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31702146

RESUMO

An efficient method for highly diastereoselective synthesis of chiral quaternary center-containing cyclopentenes via cinchona alkaloid derived thiosquaramide VIII catalyzed tandem Michael/Henry reaction of phenacylmalononitriles and nitroolefins. Meanwhile, up to 98% enantioselectivity was observed. A mechanism involving thiosqaramide catalyzed asymmetric Mi-chael addition and assisted E2 elimination was proposed based on experimental data and preliminary theoretical analysis (Hartree-Fock calculations).

14.
Adv Mater ; : e1906646, 2019 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31743525

RESUMO

Ultrathin molybdenum disulfide (MoS2 ) presents ideal properties for building next-generation atomically thin circuitry. However, it is difficult to construct logic units of MoS2 monolayer using traditional silicon-based doping schemes, such as atomic substitution and ion implantation, as they cause lattice disruption and doping instability. An accurate and feasible electronic structure modulation strategy from defect engineering is proposed to construct homogeneous electronics for MoS2 monolayer logic inverters. By utilizing the energy-matched electron induction of the solution process, numerous pure and lattice-stable monosulfur vacancies (Vmonos ) are introduced to modulate the electronic structure of monolayer MoS2 via a shallow trapping effect. The resulting modulation effectively reduces the electronic concentration of MoS2 and improves the work function by 100 meV. Under modulation of Vmonos , an atomically thin homogenous monolayer MoS2 logic inverter with a voltage gain of 4 is successfully constructed. A brand-new and practical design route of defect modulation for 2D-based circuit development is provided.

15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31745810

RESUMO

Although Chinese government has implemented a series of laws, regulations, and policies to deal with air pollutants, air pollution is still one of the biggest concerns in China. Most of the cities in China suffered from extremely high air pollution levels and cannot meet the national air quality standards. In this study, we attempt to measure individuals' average marginal willingness to pay (MWTP) in Beijing with the hedonic price model. We combine an extensive housing transaction dataset with emission data of six air pollutants from 2013 to 2016 in Beijing, China. When estimating the hedonic price function, we apply both ordinary least squares (OLS) and panel model with various fixed effects to better control for unobservables. The empirical results reveal that the concentrations of CO, NO2, PM2.5, and PM10 are significantly negatively correlated with housing prices. However, we found an insignificant relationship with the concentration of SO2 and the concentration of O3 appears to positively increase the housing values. Policy implications based on these results were also discussed.

16.
Drug Deliv ; 26(1): 1049-1057, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31691602

RESUMO

Doxorubicin (DOX) is widely used in the chemotherapy of a wide range of cancers. However, intravenous administration of DOX causes toxicity to most major organs which limits its clinical application. DOX-loaded drug delivery system could provide a continuous sustained-release of drugs and enables high drug concentrations at the target site, while reducing systemic toxicity. Additionally, local chemotherapy with DOX may be a promising approach for lowering post-surgical recurrence of cancer. In this study, the sustained-release DOX-loaded implants were prepared by melt-molding method. The implants were characterized with regards to drug content uniformity, micromorphology and drug release profiles. Furthermore, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) analyses were carried out to investigate the drug-excipient compatibility. To determine the local penetration of DOX in liver, the minipigs received intrahepatic implantation of DOX-loaded implants by abdominal surgery. UPLC-MS/MS method was used to detect the concentration of DOX in liver tissues. Our results suggested that DOX-loaded implants delivered high doses of drug at the implantation site for a prolonged period and provided valuable information for the future clinical applications of the DOX-loaded implants.

17.
Eur J Pharmacol ; : 172789, 2019 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31715136

RESUMO

Our previous work suggested that baicalein could delay senescence and improve cognitive dysfunction in senescence-accelerated mouse prone 8 (SAMP8). Although baicalein has shown therapeutical benefits in improving learning and memory impairment, the exact molecular mechanisms have not been fully understood. In the present work, transcriptomics was integrated with gene network analysis for revealing the potential mechanisms of baicalein in improving learning and memory in SAMP8 mice. The results showed that baicalein regulated fifty hub differently expressed genes (DEGs) that were enriched in eight signaling pathways. Janus kinase-signal transducer and activator of transcription (JAK-STAT) signaling pathway was especially significant among them, therefore, the DEGs (Gh1, Il5, Il7, Il20rb, Prlr and Socs1) in JAK-STAT signaling pathway were verified by quantitative real-time PCR, and the key proteins (JAK2, p-JAK2, STAT1 and p-STAT1) and related proteins including ß-amyloid peptide (Aß1-42) and receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE) were assayed by Western blot and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Our results suggest that baicalein prevented the activation of JAK2/STAT1 signaling pathway and decreased the levels of Aß1-42 and RAGE in the cortex of SAMP8 mice. Taken together, our study unmasks the mechanism of baicalein on improving learning and memory impairment in SAMP8 mice, which is dependent upon the inhibition of Aß1-42 and RAGE/JAK2/STAT1 cascade.

18.
Gastrointest Endosc ; 2019 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31738926

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The studies comparing the diagnostic efficacy of liquid-based cytology (LBC) and smear cytology (SC) of pancreatic tissue sampling obtained via endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) are still insufficient. Results were controversial. We compared the diagnostic efficiency of LBC and SC of EUS-FNA of pancreatic lesions in one of the largest tertiary hospitals in China. METHODS: A retrospective database search (Jan 2015 to Jan 2019) was performed for patients who underwent EUS-FNA with both LBC and SC. Demographic, cytological and endosonographic data were collected from 819 patients. 514 cases met the inclusion criteria. Diagnostic accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), negative predictive value (NPV) were compared. Rapid on-site evaluation (ROSE) was not available in all cases. RESULTS: Three hundred eighty-five cases (74.90%) confirmed with malignancy, 40 cases (7.78%) confirmed benign neoplasm. Adequate tissue sampling rates showed no significant difference between the 2 groups. The sensitivity, accuracy, and NPV of LBC were higher than those of SC with statistical significance (71.4% versus 55.1%, 76.1% versus 61.6%, 40.6% versus 27.7%, respectively).The sensitivity, accuracy and NPV of combined SC and LBC were higher than those of LBC alone with statistical significance (83.9% versus 71.4%, 86.5% versus 76.1%, 56.8% versus 40.6%, respectively). Multivariate analysis revealed that pancreatic neck/body/tail lesions(P=0.003), solid lesions(P<0.001), needle size of 22-gauge (P<0.001), and number of needle passage>3(P=0.041) were associated with higher diagnostic sensitivity in all participants using LBC, whereas number of needle passage>3(P=0.017)was associated with higher diagnostic sensitivity using SC. CONCLUSIONS: LBC was more accurate and sensitive than SC in EUS-FNA of pancreatic lesion with higher NPV, when ROSE is unavailable. Pancreatic neck/body/tail lesions, solid lesions, 22-gauge needle and more than 3 passes are associated with higher sensitivity when using LBC. Doing more than 3 passes is associated with higher sensitivity when using SC.

19.
Adv Mater ; : e1905467, 2019 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31696973

RESUMO

Silicon nanostructure color has achieved unprecedented high printing resolution and larger color gamut than sRGB. The exact color is determined by localized magnetic and electric dipole resonance of nanostructures, which are sensitive to their geometric changes. Usually, the design of specific colors and iterative optimization of geometric parameters are computationally costly, and obtaining millions of different structural colors is challenging. Here, a deep neural network is trained, which can accurately predict the color generated by random silicon nanostructures in the forward modeling process and solve the nonuniqueness problem in the inverse design process that can accurately output the device geometries for at least one million different colors. The key results suggest deep learning is a powerful tool to minimize the computation cost and maximize the design efficiency for nanophotonics, which can guide silicon color manufacturing with high accuracy.

20.
J Sep Sci ; 2019 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31670472

RESUMO

Very different from enantiorecognition at an analytical level, preparative enantioseparation at scale production has to confront many problems. In recent years, various separation techniques have been developed with much progress including high-performance liquid chromatography, liquid-liquid extraction, membrane separation, enantioselective solid-phase absorption, and enantioselective precipitation. Among them, in order to achieve high enantiomerical purity of the enantiomers after separation, two approaches are commonly carried out. One is that continuous separation is necessary when one-step separation cannot have satisfactory efficiency. Another is that most of the research groups focus on the construction of novel chiral environment with much more rigid structures of the selectors. Combined with these two aspects, we mainly introduce current topics, trends, strategies related to enantioseparation under large scale.

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