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1.
Analyst ; 2024 May 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38775334

RESUMO

Urine provides an ideal source for disease biomarker discovery. High-adhesion contaminants such as urobilin, which are difficult to remove from urine, can severely interfere with urinary proteomic analysis. Here, we aimed to establish a strategy based on single-pot, solid-phase-enhanced sample preparation (SP3) technology to prepare samples for urinary proteomics analysis that almost completely eliminates the impact of urobilin. A systematic evaluation of the effects of two urinary protein precipitation methods, two types of protein lysis buffers, and different ratios of magnetic digestion beads on the identification and quantification of the microscale urinary proteome was conducted. Our results indicate that methanol-chloroform precipitation, coupled with efficient lysis facilitated by urea, and subsequent enzymatic digestion using a mix of hydrophilic and hydrophobic magnetic beads offers the best performance. Further applying this strategy to the urine of patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia, prostate cancer and healthy individuals, combined with a narrow window of data-independent acquisition, FGFR4, MYLK, ORM2, GOLM1, SPP1, CD55, CSF1, DLD and TIMP3 were identified as potential biomarkers to discriminate benign prostatic hyperplasia and prostate cancer patients.

2.
J Agric Food Chem ; 72(19): 10923-10935, 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38691832

RESUMO

This study aimed to explore the ameliorative effects and potential mechanisms of Huangshan Umbilicaria esculenta polysaccharide (UEP) in dextran sulfate sodium-induced acute ulcerative colitis (UC) and UC secondary liver injury (SLI). Results showed that UEP could ameliorate both colon and liver pathologic injuries, upregulate mouse intestinal tight junction proteins (TJs) and MUC2 expression, and reduce LPS exposure, thereby attenuating the effects of the gut-liver axis. Importantly, UEP significantly downregulated the secretion levels of TNF-α, IL-1ß, and IL-6 through inhibition of the NF-κB pathway and activated the Nrf2 signaling pathway to increase the expression levels of SOD and GSH-Px. In vitro, UEP inhibited the LPS-induced phosphorylation of NF-κB P65 and promoted nuclear translocation of Nrf2 in RAW264.7 cells. These results revealed that UEP ameliorated UC and SLI through NF-κB and Nrf2-mediated inflammation and oxidative stress. The study first investigated the anticolitis effect of UEP, suggesting its potential for the treatment of colitis and colitis-associated liver disease.


Assuntos
Colite , Sulfato de Dextrana , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2 , NF-kappa B , Polissacarídeos , Animais , Camundongos , Polissacarídeos/farmacologia , Polissacarídeos/química , Polissacarídeos/administração & dosagem , Sulfato de Dextrana/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/genética , Humanos , Colite/tratamento farmacológico , Colite/induzido quimicamente , Colite/metabolismo , Células RAW 264.7 , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , NF-kappa B/genética , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Substâncias Protetoras/farmacologia , Substâncias Protetoras/administração & dosagem , Substâncias Protetoras/química , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Fígado/metabolismo , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/genética , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/imunologia , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Interleucina-1beta/genética , Interleucina-1beta/metabolismo , Interleucina-1beta/imunologia , Interleucina-6/genética , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Interleucina-6/imunologia , Colite Ulcerativa/tratamento farmacológico , Colite Ulcerativa/metabolismo , Colite Ulcerativa/induzido quimicamente , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/tratamento farmacológico , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/metabolismo , Mucina-2/genética , Mucina-2/metabolismo
3.
Se Pu ; 42(5): 452-457, 2024 Apr 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38736388

RESUMO

The applications of organic-amine desulfurization have steadily increased owing to its high efficiency, low cost, and low energy consumption. Different proportions of organic amines exert different effects on sulfur dioxide removal. Therefore, the accurate determination of different organic amines in the desulfurization solution is of great importance. The ion-chromatographic method for the detection of organic amines does not require a derivatization step, has simple pretreatment procedures, and allows for the simultaneous determination of many types of organic amines. In this study, a method based on ion chromatography was developed for the simultaneous determination of ethanolamine (MEA), diethylethanolamine (DEEA), n-methyldiethanolamine (MDEA), 2-amino-2-methyl-1-propanol (AMP), hydroxyethylethylenediamine (AEEA), piperazine (PZ), n-hydroxyethylpiperazine (HEPZ), and diethylenetriamine (DETA). The separation efficiency of the eight organic amines in different types of columns, leaching solutions, and column temperatures were compared. The determination was performed using an IonPac CS17 column with column temperature of 35 ℃ and gradient leaching with methyl sulfonic acid (MSA) solution via the inhibition conductance method. Samples of the desulfurization solution were analyzed using ultrapure water filtered through a 0.22 µm nylon microporous filter membrane and an OnGuard Ⅱ RP column; thus, the pretreatment steps are simple. The eight organic amines showed a good linear relationship within a certain concentration range, and the coefficient of determinations (R2) were greater than 0.998. The limits of detection (LODs) and quantification (LOQs) were determined from the mass concentrations of the organic amines corresponding to signal-to-noise ratios (S/N) of 3 and 10, respectively. LODs of 0.02-0.08 mg/L and LOQs of 0.07-0.27 mg/L were determined from a 1.0 µL sample injection. The actual recoveries ranged from 93.0% to 111%, and the relative standard deviations (RSDs, n=5) ranged from 0.31% to 1.2%. The results indicated that the proposed method has good accuracy and precision; thus, it is suitable for the determination of various organic amines in desulfurization solution.

4.
Biomol Biomed ; 2024 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38733632

RESUMO

Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is a severe complication of prolonged diabetes, impacting millions worldwide with an increasing incidence. This study investigates the role of tribbles pseudokinase 3 (TRIB3), a protein implicated in the progression of DN, focusing on its mechanisms underlying glomerular damage. Through analysis of the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database, we identified TRIB3 among differentially expressed genes in streptozotocin (STZ)-treated C57BL/6J mice. Both in vitro and in vivo experiments were conducted to examine the effects of TRIB3 inhibition on high glucose (HG)-induced damage in podocytes and DN mouse models. The results demonstrated that TRIB3 inhibition reduced inflammatory responses and extracellular matrix (ECM) production in MPC5 cells, mediated by the downregulation of DNA damage-inducible transcript 3 (DDIT3) - a critical regulator of proinflammatory cytokine secretion and ECM synthesis. Inhibiting TRIB3 decreased inflammatory factors and ECM deposition in diabetic mice in vivo, confirming its pivotal role in DN pathogenesis. These findings indicate that TRIB3 and its interaction with DDIT3 contribute significantly to DN by promoting inflammatory cascades and ECM accumulation, presenting potential therapeutic targets for managing the disease.

5.
Heliyon ; 10(9): e30330, 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38726177

RESUMO

Background: Colon cancer (CC) stem cells can self-renew as well as expand, thereby promoting tumor progression and conferring resistance to chemotherapeutic agents. The acetyltransferase NAT10 mediates N4-acetylcytidine (ac4C) modification, which in turn drives tumorigenesis, metastasis, stemness properties maintenance, and cell fate decisions. Nonetheless, the specific involvement of ac4C modification mediated by NAT10 in regulating stemness and chemosensitivity in CC remains undetermined. Methods: The levels of NAT10 in normal colon and chemoresistant CC tissues were determined utilizing quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction alongside immunohistochemistry. Assessing cancer cell stemness and chemosensitivity was conducted by various methods including spheroid and colony formation, western blotting, and flow cytometry. RNA-Seq was used to identify target genes, and RNA immunoprecipitation analysis was used to explore the potential mechanisms. Results: We observed NAT10 overexpression and increased ac4C modification levels in chemoresistant CC tissues. The in vivo and in vitro analysis findings suggested that NAT10 promoted CC cell stemness while suppressing their chemosensitivity. Conversely, Remodelin, a NAT10-specific inhibitor, enhanced CC cell chemosensitivity. Mechanistically, NAT10 increased the level of NANOGP8 ac4C modification and promoted NANOGP8 mRNA stability. Conclusions: NAT10 promotes the maintenance of stemness and chemoresistance in CC cells by augmenting the mRNA stability of NANOGP8. The inhibition of NAT10 via Remodelin improves chemotherapeutic efficacy and impedes CC progression.

6.
Water Res ; 257: 121719, 2024 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38728783

RESUMO

Biological soil crusts (BSCs) are typical covers in arid and semiarid regions. The dissolved organic matter (DOM) of BSCs can be transported to various aquatic ecosystems by rainfall-runoff processes. However, the spatiotemporal variation in quality and quantity of DOM in runoff remains unclear. Herein, four kinds of runoff plots covered by four successional stages of BSCs were set up on slopes, including bare runoff plot (BR), cyanobacteria crust covered runoff plot (CR), mixed crust covered runoff plot (MIR), and moss crust covered runoff plot (MOR). The quantity and quality of DOM in runoff during rainfall was investigated based on the stimulated rainfall experiments combined with optical spectroscopy and ultra-high resolution mass spectrometry analyses. The results showed that the DOM concentrations (i.e., 0.30 to 45.25 mg L-1) in runoff followed the pattern of MOR>MIR>CR>BR, and they were exponentially decreased with rainfall duration. The DOM loss rate of BR (8.26 to 11.64 %) was significantly greater than those of CR, MIR, and MOR (0.84 to 3.22 %). Highly unsaturated compounds (HUCs), unsaturated aliphatic compounds (UACs), saturated compounds (SCs), and peptide-like compounds (PLCs) were the dominated compounds of the water extractable DOM from the original soils. Thereinto, PLCs and UACs were more easily leached into runoff during rainfall. The relatively intensity of HUCs in runoff generally decreased with rainfall duration, while the relatively intensities of UACs, PLCs, and SCs slightly increased with rainfall duration. These findings suggested that the DOM loss rate was effectively decreased with the successional of BSCs during rainfall; meanwhile, some labile compounds (e.g., PLCs and UACs) were transported into various aquatic ecosystems by rainfall-runoff processes.

7.
J Hazard Mater ; 473: 134610, 2024 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38776812

RESUMO

Mg-K homeostasis is essential for plant response to abiotic stress, but its regulation remains largely unknown. MsWRKY44 cloned from alfalfa was highly expressed in leaves and petioles. Overexpression of it inhibited alfalfa growth, and promoted leaf senescence and alfalfa sensitivities to acid and Al stresses. The leaf tips, margins and interveins of old leaves occurred yellow spots in MsWRKY44-OE plants under pH4.5 and pH4.5 +Al conditions. Meanwhile, Mg-K homeostasis was substantially changed with reduction of K accumulation and increases of Mg as well as Al accumulation in shoots of MsWRKY44-OE plants. Further, MsWRKY44 was found to directly bind to the promoters of MsMGT7 and MsCIPK23, and positively activated their expression. Transiently overexpressed MsMGT7 and MsCIPK23 in tobacco leaves increased the Mg and Al accumulations but decreased K accumulation. These results revealed a novel regulatory module MsWRKY44-MsMGT7/MsCIPK23, which affects the transport and accumulation of Mg and K in shoots, and promotes alfalfa sensitivities to acid and Al stresses.

8.
ChemMedChem ; : e202400021, 2024 May 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38735844

RESUMO

Cervical cancer seriously affects the health of women worldwide. Persistent infection of high-risk HPV (Human Papilloma Virus) can lead to cervical cancer. There is a great need for timely and efficient screening methods for cervical cancer. The current screening methods for cervical cancer are mainly based on cervical cytology and HPV testing. Cervical  cytology is made of Pap smear and liquid-based cytology, while HPV testing is based on immunological and nucleic acid level detection methods.  This review introduces cervical cancer screening methods based on cytology and human papillomavirus testing in detail. The advantages and limitations of the screening methods are also summarized and compared.

9.
Nano Lett ; 24(20): 6183-6191, 2024 May 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38728596

RESUMO

Two-dimensional (2D) materials are promising candidates for spintronic applications. Maintaining their atomically smooth interfaces during integration of ferromagnetic (FM) electrodes is crucial since conventional metal deposition tends to induce defects at the interfaces. Meanwhile, the difficulties in picking up FM metals with strong adhesion and in achieving conductance match between FM electrodes and spin transport channels make it challenging to fabricate high-quality 2D spintronic devices using metal transfer techniques. Here, we report a solvent-free magnetic electrode transfer technique that employs a graphene layer to assist in the transfer of FM metals. It also serves as part of the FM electrode after transfer for optimizing spin injection, which enables the realization of spin valves with excellent performance based on various 2D materials. In addition to two-terminal devices, we demonstrate that the technique is applicable for four-terminal spin valves with nonlocal geometry. Our results provide a promising future of realizing 2D spintronic applications using the developed magnetic electrode transfer technique.

10.
ChemSusChem ; : e202400598, 2024 May 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38697954

RESUMO

It has been known that plastics with undegradability and long half-times have caused serious environmental and ecological issues. Considering the devastating effects, the development of efficient plastic upcycling technologies with low energy consumption is absolutely imperative. Catalytic hydrogenolysis of single-use polyethylene over Ru-based catalysts to produce high-quality liquid fuel has been one of the current top priority strategies, but it is restricted by some tough challenges, such as the tendency towards methanation resulting from terminal C-C cleavage. Herein, we introduced Ru nanoparticles supported on hollow ZSM-5 zeolite (Ru/H-ZSM-5) for hydrocracking of high-density polyethylene (HDPE) under mild reaction conditions. The implication of experimental results is that the 1Ru/H-ZSM-5 (~1wt% Ru) acted as an effective and reusable bifunctional catalyst providing higher conversion rate (84.30%) and liquid fuel (C5-C21) yield (62.77%). Detailed characterization demonstrated that the optimal performance in hydrocracking of PE could be attributed to the moderate acidity and appropriate positively charged Ru species resulting from the metal-zeolite interaction. This work proposes a promising catalyst for plastic upcycling and reveals its structure-performance relationship, which has guiding significance for catalyst design to improve the yield of high-value liquid fuels.

11.
Front Psychol ; 15: 1310343, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38756491

RESUMO

As an important carrier of culture, poetry plays a significant role in deepening language learners' understanding of the target language culture as well as enhancing their language skills; however, the effect of the target language culture on language learners' enjoyment of poetry remains unclear. The study served as an attempt to shed light on the point of whether the target language culture has different effects on high- and low-level Chinese Arabic learners' fondness for Arabic poetry with the use of pictures related to Arabic culture and those not related to Arabic culture. In the current study, 40 Arabic learners (20 high-level and 20 low-level) scored the Arabic poem line based on their fondness for it after viewing two kinds of picture with electroencephalogram (EEG) recording. Frontal alpha asymmetry index as a correlate of approach and avoidance related motivation measured by EEG power in the alpha band (8-13 Hz) was calculated for examining whether the behavioral results of Arabic learners' fondness for poetry are in line with the results of changes in the related EEG components. Behavioral results illustrated that low-level subjects showed significantly less liking for Arabic poetry after viewing pictures related to Arabic culture compared to those not related to Arabic culture. The high-level subjects did not show a significant difference in the level of liking for Arabic poetry between the two cases. FAA results demonstrated that low-level subjects presented a significant avoidance-related responses to Arabic poetry after viewing pictures related to Arabic culture in comparison to viewing pictures not related to Arabic culture; while the FAA values did not differ significantly between the two cases in high-level subjects, which is in line with behavioral results. The findings of this research can benefit teachers in motivating students to learn poetry in foreign language curriculum and also contribute to the literature on the effect of target language culture on language learners' enjoyment of poetry.

12.
J Virol ; 98(5): e0018124, 2024 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38639485

RESUMO

Infectious bursal disease (IBD) is an acute and fatal immunosuppressive disease caused by infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV). As an obligate intracellular parasite, IBDV infection is strictly regulated by host factors. Knowledge on the antiviral activity and possible mechanism of host factors might provide the theoretical basis for the prevention and control of IBD. In this study, RNA-sequencing results indicated that many host factors were induced by IBDV infection, among which the expression levels of OASL (2´,5´-oligadenylate synthetase-like protein) was significantly upregulated. OASL overexpression significantly inhibited IBDV replication, whereas OASL knockdown promoted IBDV replication. Interestingly, the antiviral ability of OASL was independent of its canonical enzymatic activity, i.e., OASL targeted viral protein VP2 for degradation, depending on the autophagy receptor p62/SQSTM1 in the autophagy pathway. Additionally, the 316 lysine (K) of VP2 was the key site for autophagy degradation, and its replacement with arginine disrupted VP2 degradation induced by OASL and enhanced IBDV replication. Importantly, our results for the first time indicate a unique and potent defense mechanism of OASL against double-stranded RNA virus by interaction with viral proteins, which leads to their degradation. IMPORTANCE: OASL (2´,5´-oligadenylate synthetase-like protein) exhibits broad-spectrum antiviral effects against single-stranded RNA viruses in mammals, potentially serving as a promising target for novel antiviral strategies. However, its role in inhibiting the replication of double-stranded RNA viruses (dsRNA viruses), such as infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV), in avian species remains unclear. Our findings indicated a unique and potent defense mechanism of OASL against dsRNA viruses. It has been previously shown in mammals that OASL inhibits virus replication through increasing interferon production. The groundbreaking aspect of our study is the finding that OASL has the ability to interact with IBDV viral protein VP2 and target it for degradation and thus exerts its antiviral effect. Our results reveal the interaction between avian natural antiviral immune response and IBDV infection. Our study not only enhances our understanding of bird defenses against viral infections but can also inform strategies for poultry disease management.


Assuntos
2',5'-Oligoadenilato Sintetase , Autofagia , Infecções por Birnaviridae , Galinhas , Vírus da Doença Infecciosa da Bursa , Proteínas Estruturais Virais , Replicação Viral , Vírus da Doença Infecciosa da Bursa/fisiologia , Animais , Infecções por Birnaviridae/virologia , Infecções por Birnaviridae/metabolismo , Proteínas Estruturais Virais/metabolismo , Proteínas Estruturais Virais/genética , 2',5'-Oligoadenilato Sintetase/metabolismo , 2',5'-Oligoadenilato Sintetase/genética , Doenças das Aves Domésticas/virologia , Doenças das Aves Domésticas/metabolismo , Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Linhagem Celular
13.
CNS Neurosci Ther ; 30(4): e14657, 2024 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38572785

RESUMO

AIMS: This study aimed to investigate the potential therapeutic applications of stigmasterol for treating neuropathic pain. METHODS: Related mechanisms were investigated by DRG single-cell sequencing analysis and the use of specific inhibitors in cellular experiments. In animal experiments, 32 male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into the sham operation group, CCI group, ibuprofen group, and stigmasterol group. We performed behavioral tests, ELISA, H&E staining and immunohistochemistry, and western blotting. RESULTS: Cell communication analysis by single-cell sequencing reveals that after peripheral nerve injury, Schwann cells secrete IL-34 to act on CSF1R in macrophages. After peripheral nerve injury, the mRNA expression levels of CSF1R pathway and NLRP3 inflammasome in macrophages were increased in DRG. In vitro studies demonstrated that stigmasterol can reduce the secretion of IL-34 in LPS-induced RSC96 Schwann cells; stigmasterol treatment of LPS-induced Schwann cell-conditioned medium (L-S-CM) does not induce the proliferation and migration of RAW264.7 macrophages; L-S-CM reduces CSF1R signaling pathway (CSF1R, P38MAPK, and NFκB) activation, NLRP3 inflammasome activation, and ROS production. In vivo experiments have verified that stigmasterol can reduce thermal and cold hyperalgesia in rat chronic compressive nerve injury (CCI) model; stigmasterol can reduce IL-1ß, IL-6, TNF-α, CCL2, SP, and PGE2 in serum of CCI rats; immunohistochemistry and western blot confirmed that stigmasterol can reduce the levels of IL-34/CSF1R signaling pathway and NLRP3 inflammasome in DRG of CCI rats. CONCLUSION: Stigmasterol alleviates neuropathic pain by reducing Schwann cell-macrophage cascade in DRG by modulating IL-34/CSF1R axis.


Assuntos
Neuralgia , Traumatismos dos Nervos Periféricos , Ratos , Masculino , Animais , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR , Estigmasterol/farmacologia , Estigmasterol/uso terapêutico , Inflamassomos , Lipopolissacarídeos , Neuralgia/metabolismo , Hiperalgesia/tratamento farmacológico , Hiperalgesia/metabolismo , Interleucinas , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Células de Schwann/metabolismo
14.
Vet Microbiol ; 293: 110094, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38636175

RESUMO

Infectious bursa disease (IBD) is an acute, highly contactable, lethal, immunosuppressive infectious disease caused by the Infectious bursa disease virus (IBDV). Currently, the emerged novel variant IBDV (nVarIBDV) and the sustainedly prevalent very virulent IBDV (vvIBDV) are the two most prevalent strains of IBDV in China. The antigenic properties of the two prevalent strains differed significantly, which led to the escape of nVarIBDV from the immune protection provided by the existing vvIBDV vaccine. However, the molecular basis of the nVarIBDV immune escape remains unclear. In this study, we demonstrated, for the first time, that residues 252, 254, and 256 in the PDE of VP2 are involved in the immune escape of the emerging nVarIBDV. Firstly, the IFA-mediated antigen-antibody affinity assay showed that PBC and PDE of VP2 could affect the affinity of vvIBDV antiserum to VP2, of which PDE was more significant. The key amino acids of PDE influencing the antigen-antibody affinity were also identified, with G254N being the most significant, followed by V252I and I256V. Then the mutated virus with point or combined mutations was rescued by reverse genetics. it was further demonstrated that mutations of V252I, G254N, and I256V in PDE could individually or collaboratively reduce antigen-antibody affinity and interfere with antiserum neutralization, with G254N being the most significant. This study revealed the reasons for the widespread prevalence of nVarIBDV in immunized chicken flocks and provided innovative ideas for designing novel vaccines that match the antigen of the epidemic strain.


Assuntos
Infecções por Birnaviridae , Proteínas do Capsídeo , Galinhas , Evasão da Resposta Imune , Vírus da Doença Infecciosa da Bursa , Doenças das Aves Domésticas , Vírus da Doença Infecciosa da Bursa/genética , Vírus da Doença Infecciosa da Bursa/imunologia , Animais , Galinhas/virologia , Proteínas do Capsídeo/genética , Proteínas do Capsídeo/imunologia , Doenças das Aves Domésticas/virologia , Doenças das Aves Domésticas/imunologia , Infecções por Birnaviridae/veterinária , Infecções por Birnaviridae/virologia , Infecções por Birnaviridae/imunologia , China , Anticorpos Antivirais/imunologia , Mutação , Vacinas Virais/imunologia , Proteínas Estruturais Virais
15.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 35(3): 739-748, 2024 Mar 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38646762

RESUMO

Biological soil crust (biocrust) is widely distributed on the Loess Plateau and plays multiple roles in regulating ecosystem stability and multifunctionality. Few reports are available on the distribution characteristics of biocrust in this region, which limits the assessment of its ecological functions. Based on 388 sampling points in different precipitation zones on the Loess Plateau from 2009 to 2020, we analyzed the coverage, composition, and influencing factors of biocrust across different durations since land abandonment, precipitation levels, topography (slope aspect and position), and utilization of abandoned slopelands (shrubland, forest, and grassland). On this base, with the assistance of machine learning and spatial modeling methods, we generated a distribution map of biocrust and its composition at a resolution of 250 m × 250 m, and analyzed the spatial distribution of biocrust on the Loess Plateau. The results showed that the average biocrust coverage in the woodlands and grasslands was 47.3%, of which cyanobacterial crust accounted for 25.5%, moss crust 19.7%, and lichen crust 2.1%. There were significant temporal and spatial variations. Temporally, the coverage of biocrust in specific regions fluctuated with the extension of the abandoned durations and coverage of cyanobacterial crust, while moss crust showed a reverse pattern. In addition, the coverage of biocrust in the wet season was slightly higher than that in the dry season within a year. Spatially, the coverage of biocrusts on the sandy lands area on the Loess Plateau was higher and dominated by cyanobacterial crusts, while the coverage was lower in the hilly and gully area. Precipitation and utilization of abandoned land were the major factors driving biocrust coverage and composition, while slope direction and position did not show obvious effect. In addition, soil organic carbon content, pH, and texture were related to the distribution of biocrust. This study uncovered the spatial and temporal variability of biocrust distribution, which might provide important data support for the research and management of biocrust in the Loess Plateau region.


Assuntos
Ecossistema , Florestas , Líquens , Solo , Análise Espaço-Temporal , China , Solo/química , Líquens/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Pradaria , Cianobactérias/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Microbiologia do Solo , Altitude , Monitoramento Ambiental , Briófitas/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Árvores/crescimento & desenvolvimento
17.
Front Microbiol ; 15: 1341512, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38572234

RESUMO

Introduction: Gut microbiota are closely related to the nutrition, immunity, and metabolism of the host and play important roles in maintaining the normal physiological activities of animals. Cranes are important protected avian species in China, and they are sensitive to changes in the ecological environment and are thus good environmental indicators. There have been no reports examining gut fungi or the correlation between bacteria and fungi in wild Demoiselle cranes (Grus virgo) and Common cranes (Grus grus). Related research can provide a foundation for the protection of rare wild animals. Methods: 16S rRNA and ITS high-throughput sequencing techniques were used to analyze the gut bacterial and fungal diversity of Common and Demoiselle cranes migrating to the Yellow River wetland in Inner Mongolia. Results: The results revealed that for gut bacteria α diversity, Chao1 index in Demoiselle cranes was remarkably higher than that in Common cranes (411.07 ± 79.54 vs. 294.92 ± 22.38), while other index had no remarkably differences. There was no remarkable difference in fungal diversity. There were marked differences in the gut microbial composition between the two crane species. At the phylum level, the highest abundance of bacteria in the Common crane and Demoiselle crane samples was Firmicutes, accounting for 87.84% and 74.29%, respectively. The highest abundance of fungi in the guts of the Common and Demoiselle cranes was Ascomycota, accounting for 69.42% and 57.63%, respectively. At the genus level, the most abundant bacterial genus in the Common crane sample was Turicibacter (38.60%), and the most abundant bacterial genus in the Demoiselle crane sample was Catelicoccus (39.18%). The most abundant fungi in the Common crane sample was Penicillium (6.97%), and the most abundant fungi in the Demoiselle crane sample was Saccharomyces (8.59%). Correlation analysis indicated that there was a significant correlation between gut bacteria and fungi. Discussion: This study provided a research basis for the protection of cranes. Indeed, a better understanding of the gut microbiota is very important for the conservation and management of wild birds, as it not only helps us to understand their life history and related mechanisms, but also can hinder the spread of pathogenic microorganisms.

18.
Mol Biotechnol ; 2024 Apr 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38575817

RESUMO

Pancreatic cancer stands as one of the most lethal malignancies, characterized by delayed diagnosis, high mortality rates, limited treatment efficacy, and poor prognosis. Disulfidptosis, a recently unveiled modality of cell demise induced by disulfide stress, has emerged as a critical player intricately associated with the onset and progression of various cancer types. It has emerged as a promising candidate biomarker for cancer diagnosis, prognosis assessment, and treatment strategies. In this study, we have effectively established a prognostic risk model for pancreatic cancer by incorporating multiple differentially expressed long non-coding RNAs (DElncRNAs) closely linked to disulfide-driven cell death. Our investigation delved into the nuanced relationship between the DElncRNA-based predictive model for disulfide-driven cell death and the therapeutic responses to anticancer agents. Our findings illuminate that the high-risk subgroup exhibits heightened susceptibility to the small molecule compound AZD1208, positioning it as a prospective therapeutic agent for pancreatic cancer. Finally, we have elucidated the underlying mechanistic potential of AZD1208 in ameliorating pancreatic cancer through its targeted inhibition of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ (PPARG) protein, employing an array of comprehensive analytical methods, including molecular docking and molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. This study explores disulfidptosis-related genes, paving the way for the development of targeted therapies for pancreatic cancer and emphasizing their significance in the field of oncology. Furthermore, through computational biology approaches, the drug AZD1208 was identified as a potential treatment targeting the PPARG protein for pancreatic cancer. This discovery opens new avenues for exploring targets and screening drugs for pancreatic cancer.

19.
Int J Hematol ; 2024 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38587693

RESUMO

The conditioning regimen is an important part of autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (ASCT). We explored the efficacy and safety of an optimized BEAC (adjusted-dose, intermediate-dose cytarabine and reduced-dose cyclophosphamide, AD-BEAC) conditioning regimen for non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL). A total of 141 NHL patients received AD-BEAC or a standard-dose BEAC (SD-BEAC) conditioning regimen from January 2007 to December 2017, and 104 patients were included in the study after 1:1 propensity matching. The 5-year overall survival (OS) and progression free survival (PFS) rates were significantly higher with AD-BEAC than with SD-BEAC (82.7% vs. 67.3%, P = 0.039; 76.9% vs. 57.7%, P = 0.039). Transplant-related mortality (TRM) was 3.8% in both the AD-BEAC and SD-BEAC groups. The AD-BEAC group had lower incidence of oral ulcers and cardiotoxicity than the SD-BEAC group. An optimized BEAC conditioning regimen is an effective conditioning regimen for ASCT in NHL with acceptable toxicity, that is more effective and safer than a standard BEAC conditioning regimen.

20.
Phytomedicine ; 129: 155594, 2024 Apr 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38614040

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The incidence of neuropathic pain is progressively increasing over time. The activation of M1-type microglia plays a crucial role in the initiation and progression of neuropathic pain. Huangqin Decoction (HQD) is traditionally used to alleviate dysentery and abdominal pain. However, it remains unclear whether HQD can effectively mitigate neuropathic pain and the underlying mechanisms. PURPOSE: The present study aims to investigate the impact of HQD on neuropathic pain induced by spared nerve injury (SNI) in mice, and to elucidate whether the analgesic effect of HQD is associated with microglia polarization. METHODS: The analgesic effect of HQD on SNI mice was investigated through assessments of mechanical pain threshold, thermal pain threshold, cold pain threshold, and motor ability. We elucidated the molecular mechanisms of HQD in alleviating SNI-induced neuropathic pain by focusing on microglia polarization and intestinal metabolite abnormalities. The expression levels of markers associated with microglia polarization (Iba-1, CD68, CD206, iNOS) was detected by immunofluorescence and Western blot, and the levels of inflammatory factors (IL-4, IL-10, IL-6, TNF-α) were assessed by ELISA. UPLC-QTOF-MS metabolomics was utilized to identify differential metabolites in the intestines of SNI mice. We screened the differential metabolites related to microglial polarization by correlation analysis, subsequently nicotinamide was selected for validation in LPS-induced BV-2 cells. RESULTS: Our findings demonstrated that HQD (20 g/kg) significantly enhanced the mechanical pain threshold, thermal pain threshold, and cold pain threshold, and protected the injured DRG neurons of SNI mice. Moreover, HQD (20 g/kg) obviously suppressed the expression of microglia M1 polarization markers (Iba-1, CD68, iNOS, IL-6, TNF-α), and promoted the expression of microglia M2 polarization markers (CD206, IL-10, IL-4) in the spinal cord of SNI mice. Additionally, HQD (20 g/kg) prominently ameliorated intestinal barrier damage by upregulating Claudin 1 and Occludin expression in the colon of SNI mice. Furthermore, HQD (20 g/kg) rectified 19 metabolite abnormalities in the intestine. Notably, nicotinamide (100 µM), an amide derivative with anti-inflammatory property, effectively suppresses microglia activation and polarization in LPS-induced BV-2 cells by downregulating IL-6 level and CD68 expression while upregulating IL-4 level and CD206 expression. CONCLUSION: In summary, HQD alleviates neuropathic pain in SNI mice by regulating the activation and polarization of microglia, partially mediated through intestinal nicotinamide metabolism.

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