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1.
Dalton Trans ; 2024 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38624191

RESUMO

Nanomaterials have attracted great interest in the field of photocatalytic degradation due to their larger specific surface area and efficient charge/mass transfer ability, which are beneficial for enhancing photocatalytic activity. However, the bandgap of photocatalysts would increase with the size reduction, weakening the photoabsorption ability. Thus the relationship between the size of catalysts and photoactivity should be balanced to achieve optimal photocatalytic performance. Herein, ultra-small CuWO4 nanoparticles (ca. 39 nm) with moderate oxygen vacancies (CuWO4-OVs) were synthesized by the cascade strategy (ligand confinement@fast calcination). The introduction of oxygen vacancies offset the deficiency of light absorption ability caused by the small size effect. Besides, oxygen vacancies could provide more reaction active sites, conducive to the adsorption and activation of dye molecules and H2O. Degradation experiments reveal that the optimized photocatalyst CuWO4-OVs 350 shows outstanding photocatalytic activity, and the removal ratio of methylene blue (MB) reaches over 90.26% in 70 min, exceeding that of pure CuWO4-air (37.66%). Additionally, the degradation performance of CuWO4-OVs 350 surpasses most of the other CuWO4-based photocatalytic systems. More importantly, the photocatalytic degradation activity of CuWO4-OVs 350 could remain at 88.26% even after five cycles, and high photostability was achieved. This work affords constructive inspiration for synergistic photoactivity enhancement and increase of catalyst reaction active sites to achieve eminent photocatalytic degradation performance.

2.
Diabetes Metab Syndr ; 18(4): 103000, 2024 Apr 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38604060

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Obesity is a chronic disease which can cause severe metabolic disorders. Machine learning (ML) techniques, especially deep learning (DL), have proven to be useful in obesity research. However, there is a dearth of systematic reviews of DL applications in obesity. This article aims to summarize the current trend of DL usage in obesity research. METHODS: An extensive literature review was carried out across multiple databases, including PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Scopus, and Medline, to collate relevant studies published from January 2018 to September 2023. The focus was on research detailing the application of DL in the context of obesity. We have distilled critical insights pertaining to the utilized learning models, encompassing aspects of their development, principal results, and foundational methodologies. RESULTS: Our analysis culminated in the synthesis of new knowledge regarding the application of DL in the context of obesity. Finally, 40 research articles were included. The final collection of these research can be divided into three categories: obesity prediction (n = 16); obesity management (n = 13); and body fat estimation (n = 11). CONCLUSIONS: This is the first review to examine DL applications in obesity. It reveals DL's superiority in obesity prediction over traditional ML methods, showing promise for multi-omics research. DL also innovates in obesity management through diet, fitness, and environmental analyses. Additionally, DL improves body fat estimation, offering affordable and precise monitoring tools. The study is registered with PROSPERO (ID: CRD42023475159).

3.
Front Microbiol ; 15: 1359492, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38596373

RESUMO

Introduction: Pakistan is an agricultural country; most of its income is based on livestock rearing. The increasing prevalence of tick-borne pathogens among animals may affect the animal production and livelihood of owners, which eventually derange the economy of a country. Methodology: To further comprehend TBPs, 213 ticks were collected from different animals, including ruminants, pets, and poultry. After molecular and phylogenetic analysis identification, ticks were managed into different pools based on their species level (Hyalomma anatolicum = 80, Rhipicephalus microplus = 35, Hyalomma scupense = 23, Rhipicephalus turanicus = 70, and Rhipicephalus sanguineus = 5). Results and discussion: After tick species identification, further molecular PCR amplification was carried out to screen out the pathogens for the presence of Theileria, Rickettsia, Anaplasma, and enzootic nasal tumor virus (ENTV). The following pathogens were detected: 11 (5.16%) for Anaplasma, 1 (0.47%) for Rickettsia, and 9 (4.23%) for Theileria. Nevertheless, other TBPs that had not been reported so far in Pakistan 3 (1.41%), were positive for enzootic nasal tumor virus (ENTV). Besides, phylogenetic analysis of the enzootic nasal tumor virus (ENTV) strain confirmed its resemblance to the Chinese strain, while Anaplasma has comparability with Pakistan and China, Rickettsia with Pakistan, China, and Iran, and Theileria with India, South Africa, United States, Japan, and Spain. Conclusion: This study reveals that there is a considerably wider range of TBPs held in Pakistan that take in various contagious zoonotic pathogens than was previously thought. This information advances TBP epidemiology and will contribute to upgrade future control measure.

4.
Curr Probl Cancer ; 50: 101095, 2024 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38598973

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A solitary plasmacytoma is classified into a solitary plasmacytoma of the bone (SBP) and a solitary extramedullary (soft tissue mass) plasmacytoma, based on the site of the lesion. Despite the high local control rate with radiotherapy, approximately half of patients' conditions progress to multiple myeloma (MM) within 3-5 years after diagnosis, with SBP having a worse prognosis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively assessed the treatment and outcomes of patients with SBP in a hospital in China from 2008 to 2021. Twenty-four patients treated over 13 years with SBP were enrolled in this retrospective study. RESULTS: The most common sites for SBP were the axial skeleton and femur. The M protein was detected in 11 patients (46 %), of which 8 (33 %) had light chains, 2 (8 %) had immunoglobulin G kappa and 1 (4 %) had immunoglobulin D kappa. Flow cytometry revealed that 5 patients (21 %) had minimal bone marrow involvement. The treatment included chemotherapy, surgery, and radiotherapy in 18 (75 %), 12 (50 %), and 9 (38 %) patients, respectively, of whom 13 (54 %) received combined treatment. Over a median follow-up period of 67.2 months, 9 patients (38 %) developed MM in a median time of 101.5 months. The 5- and 10-year progression-free survival rates were 67.3 % and 37.4 %, respectively. One patient died due to pneumonia without progression and the other died due to relapse. CONCLUSION: This study confirmed the high rate of progression of SBP to MM, indicating a need for adjunct chemotherapy for the management of SBP.

5.
Clin Immunol ; : 110206, 2024 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38599263

RESUMO

Patients suffering from sepsis-induced acute lung injury (ALI) exhibit a high mortality rate, and their prognosis is closely associated with infiltration of neutrophils into the lungs. In this study, we found a significant elevation of CD64+ neutrophils, which highly expressed p75 neurotrophin receptor (p75NTR) in peripheral blood of mice and patients with sepsis-induced ALI. p75NTR+CD64+ neutrophils were also abundantly expressed in the lung of ALI mice induced by lipopolysaccharide. Conditional knock-out of the myeloid lineage's p75NTR gene improved the survival rates, attenuated lung tissue inflammation, reduced neutrophil infiltration and enhanced the phagocytic functions of CD64+ neutrophils. In vitro, p75NTR+CD64+ neutrophils exhibited an upregulation and compromised phagocytic activity in blood samples of ALI patients. Blocking p75NTR activity by soluble p75NTR extracellular domain peptide (p75ECD-Fc) boosted CD64+ neutrophil phagocytic activity and reduced inflammatory cytokine production via activation of the NF-κB pathway. The findings strongly indicate that p75NTR+CD64+ neutrophils are a novel pathogenic neutrophil subpopulation promoting sepsis-induced ALI.

6.
Food Chem ; 449: 139217, 2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38581792

RESUMO

This work proposed a novel strategy for manufacturing biodegradable pH-response packaging. Briefly, to minimize the amount and thermal processing times of blueberry extract (BE), ethanol-dissolved BE (≤ 3‰ w/w) was sprayed onto the starch/poly(butylene adipate-co-terephthalate) (PBAT) pellets before extrusion blowing. BE was well-integrated into the matrix, forming uniformly colored films. The films with BE exhibited superior mechanical (7.85 MPa of strength, 606.53% of elongation) and enhanced barrier capabilities against ultraviolet light, moisture, and gas. Additionally, they exhibited good antioxidant capacity (68.69%), antibacterial activity (72.40%), and maintained color stability. The film with 3‰ w/w BE presented excellent color responsiveness (ΔE⁎ ≥ 15) in the alkaline range, and successfully monitored the spoilage of shrimp. The pigments in the film had the maximum migration degree (≥ 70%) and rate in 50% ethanol simulation, following a first-order kinetic behavior dominated by Fickian diffusion. Findings supported the application of this strategy in the fabrication of starch/PBAT/BE films for pH-response intelligent packaging.

7.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1302: 342514, 2024 May 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38580408

RESUMO

Monkeypox (mpox) is spreading around the world, and its rapid diagnosis is of great significance. In the present study, a rapid and sensitive fluorescent chromatography assisted with cloud system was developed for point-of-care diagnosis of mpox. To screen high affinity antibodies, nanoparticle antigen AaLS-A29 was generated by conjugating A29 onto scaffold AaLS. Immunization with AaLS-A29 induced significantly higher antibody titers and monoclonal antibodies were generated with the immunized mice. A pair of monoclonal antibodies, MXV 14 and MXV 15, were selected for fluorescence chromatography development. The Time-Resolved Fluorescence Immunoassay (TRFIA) was used to develop the chromatography assay. After optimization of the label and concentration of antibodies, a sensitive TRFIA assay with detection limit of 20 pg/mL and good repeatability was developed. The detection of the surrogate Vaccinia virus (VACA) strain Tian Tan showed that the TRFIA assay was more sensitive than the SYBR green I based quantitative PCR. In real samples, the detection result of this assay were highly consistent with the judgement of Quantitative Real-Time PCR (Concordance Rate = 90.48%) as well as the clinical diagnosis (Kappa Value = 0.844, P < 0.001). By combining the portable detection and online cloud system, the detection results could be uploaded and shared, making this detection system an ideal system for point-of-care diagnosis of mpox both in field laboratory and outbreak investigation.


Assuntos
Varíola dos Macacos , Animais , Camundongos , Sistemas Automatizados de Assistência Junto ao Leito , Fluorimunoensaio/métodos , Anticorpos Monoclonais
8.
Ecol Lett ; 27(4): e14403, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38577961

RESUMO

Species interactions such as facilitation and competition play a crucial role in driving species range shifts. However, density dependence as a key feature of these processes has received little attention in both empirical and modelling studies. Herein, we used a novel, individual-based treeline model informed by rich in situ observations to quantify the contribution of density-dependent species interactions to alpine treeline dynamics, an iconic biome boundary recognized as an indicator of global warming. We found that competition and facilitation dominate in dense versus sparse vegetation scenarios respectively. The optimal balance between these two effects was identified at an intermediate vegetation thickness where the treeline elevation was the highest. Furthermore, treeline shift rates decreased sharply with vegetation thickness and the associated transition from positive to negative species interactions. We thus postulate that vegetation density must be considered when modelling species range dynamics to avoid inadequate predictions of its responses to climate warming.


Assuntos
Ecossistema , Árvores , Árvores/fisiologia , Aquecimento Global , Mudança Climática , Clima
9.
J Asian Nat Prod Res ; : 1-8, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38619479

RESUMO

Alzheimer's disease is a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by the presence of neurodegenerative lesions and cognitive impairment. In this study, a series of novel palmatine derivatives were designed and synthesized through the introduction of a heteroatom using carbodiimide-mediated condensation. The synthesized compounds were then screened for toxicity and potency, leading to the identification of compound 2q, which exhibited low toxicity and high potency. Our findings demonstrated that compound 2q displayed significant neuroprotective activity in vitro, emerging as a promising candidate for Alzheimer's disease treatment.

10.
Int J Med Sci ; 21(5): 965-977, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38616996

RESUMO

Cardiac hypertrophy is the most prevalent compensatory heart disease that ultimately leads to spontaneous heart failure. Mounting evidence suggests that microRNAs (miRs) and endogenous hydrogen sulfide (H2S) play a crucial role in the regulation of cardiac hypertrophy. In this study, we aimed to investigate whether inhibition of miR-27a could protect against cardiac hypertrophy by modulating H2S signaling. We established a model of cardiac hypertrophy by obtaining hypertrophic tissue from mice subjected to transverse aortic constriction (TAC) and from cells treated with angiotensin-II. Molecular alterations in the myocardium were quantified using quantitative real time PCR (qRT-PCR), Western blotting, and ELISA. Morphological changes were characterized by hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining and Masson's trichrome staining. Functional myocardial changes were assessed using echocardiography. Our results demonstrated that miR-27a levels were elevated, while H2S levels were reduced in TAC mice and myocardial hypertrophy. Further luciferase and target scan assays confirmed that cystathionine-γ-lyase (CSE) was a direct target of miR-27a and was negatively regulated by it. Notably, enhancement of H2S expression in the heart was observed in mice injected with recombinant adeno-associated virus vector 9 (rAAV9)-anti-miR-27a and in cells transfected with a miR-27a inhibitor during cardiac hypertrophy. However, this effect was abolished by co-transfection with CSE siRNA and the miR-27a inhibitor. Conversely, injecting rAAV9-miR-27a yielded opposite results. Interestingly, our findings demonstrated that glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) agonists could mitigate myocardial damage by down-regulating miR-27a and up-regulating CSE. In summary, our study suggests that inhibition of miR-27a holds therapeutic promise for the treatment of cardiac hypertrophy by increasing H2S levels. Furthermore, our findings unveil a novel mechanism of GLP-1 agonists involving the miR-27a/H2S pathway in the management of cardiac hypertrophy.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica , Insuficiência Cardíaca , MicroRNAs , Animais , Camundongos , Peptídeo 1 Semelhante ao Glucagon , MicroRNAs/genética , Cardiomegalia/genética
11.
PLoS One ; 19(4): e0297200, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38573918

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Acculturation stress can negatively impact Latinos immigrant mental and physical health related behaviors such as smoking. It is essential to have validated and updated instruments that allow the evaluation of acculturation stress on this population. This study aims to evaluate the psychometric properties of an abbreviated version of the Hispanic Stress Inventory Version 2 (HSI2) immigration scale among Latinos who smoke. METHODS: The study consisted of a secondary data analysis from a baseline assessment of Decídetexto, a mobile health (mHealth) smoking cessation randomized clinical trial. Of 457 Latinos included in the parent study, 352 immigrants who smoke were included. Construct validity was analyzed by completing a Pearson correlation coefficient matrix. Structural validity was analyzed using an Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA). Cronbach alpha analysis was used to estimate the internal consistency of the items constituting a factor. RESULTS: The results included an abbreviated version of the HSI2 including 52 items. From the Pearson correlation coefficient matrix with a cutoff point of 0.4, 22 of the 52 items were excluded. From the Pearson correlation coefficient matrix with a cutoff point of 0.4, 22 items were excluded. Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA) results in six factors extracted, explaining 69.1% of the variance. According to the EFA, two items were relocated in different factors from the original scale. The HSI2 30 items scale reflected excellent reliability with a Cronbach's alpha coefficient of 0.93. The six factors reflect acceptable to excellent reliability, ranging from 0.77-0.93 across factors. The median for the HSI2 total score was 34.00 (25-45) out of a possible total score of 150. CONCLUSION: Results confirmed acceptable psychometric properties of the HSI2 simplified 30-item version and provided a reliable and shorter measure of acculturation stress for Latinos groups. Having a valid and reduced measure of acculturation stress is the first step in understanding diverse ethnic groups of Latinos that are at higher risk of presenting health risk behaviors such as smoking. The present results provided the possibility of assessing the impact of acculturation stress among adults who smoke.


Assuntos
Hispânico ou Latino , Psicometria , Fumar , Adulto , Humanos , Hispânico ou Latino/psicologia , Psicometria/métodos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Fumar/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
12.
Bioorg Chem ; 146: 107303, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38521012

RESUMO

Arylpropionic ester scaffold was found as anti-inflammatory agents for the treatment and prevention of acute kidney injury (AKI). To further study the structure-activity relationship (SAR) of this scaffold, a series of acryl amides were designed, synthesized, and evaluated their anti-inflammation. Of these, compound 9d displayed the protective effect on renal tubular epithelial cells to significantly enhance the survival rate through inhibiting NF-κB phosphorylation and promoting cell proliferation in cisplatin-induced HK2 cells. Furthermore, 9d can interact with TLR4 to inhibit TLR4/STING/NF-κB pathway in the RAW264.7 cell. In vivo AKI mice model, 9d significantly downregulated the level of serum creatinine (Scr), blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and the inflammatory factors (IL-1ß, IL-6, TNF-α) to improve kidney function. Morphological and KIM-1 analyses showed that 9d alleviated cisplatin-induced tubular damage. In a word, 9d was a promising lead compound for preventive and therapeutic of AKI.


Assuntos
Injúria Renal Aguda , NF-kappa B , Camundongos , Animais , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Cisplatino/farmacologia , Receptor 4 Toll-Like/metabolismo , Injúria Renal Aguda/induzido quimicamente , Injúria Renal Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Injúria Renal Aguda/prevenção & controle , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/farmacologia , Rim/metabolismo
13.
Comput Biol Med ; 173: 108338, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38531252

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Thrombotic diseases are the leading causes of death worldwide, urging for improvements in treatment strategies. Dahuang Zhechong pill (DHZCP) is a traditional Chinese medicine widely used for treating thrombotic diseases; however, the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. This study aimed to explore the potential mechanisms of DHZCP in treating thrombosis with a focus on bioinformatics and miRNAs. METHODS: We used network pharmacology to explore the targets of thrombosis treated with DHZCP and performed microarray analysis to acquire miRNA profiles and predict the target genes in thrombin-stimulated MEG-01 cells treated with DHZCP. Based on the overlapping of targets, we carried out a component-target-miRNA network and enrichment analysis and validated the selected miRNAs and mRNAs using quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. RESULTS: Our data showed 850 targets of 230 active ingredients of DHZCP and 1214 thrombosis-related genes; 235 targets were common. We identified 32 miRNAs that were regulated by thrombin stimulation but regulated reversely by DHZCP treatment in MEG-01 cells, and predicted 1846 targets with function annotation. We analyzed conjointly 23 integrating targets from network pharmacology and microarray. HIF1A, PIK3CA, MAPK1 and BCL2L1 emerged as key nodes in the network diagrams. We confirmed the differential expression of seven miRNAs, one mRNA (BCL2L1) and platelet surface protein. CONCLUSIONS: This study showed that miRNAs and their targets, such as BCL2L1, played crucial roles in platelet activation during DHZCP intervention in thrombosis, highlighting their potential to alleviate platelet activation and increase cell apoptosis. The study's findings could help develop new strategies for improving thrombosis treatment.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , MicroRNAs , MicroRNAs/genética , Trombina/farmacologia , Farmacologia em Rede , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Análise em Microsséries
14.
Front Plant Sci ; 15: 1343830, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38495370

RESUMO

Introduction: Flower color is one of the important ornamental traits in the plants, which plays an active role in attracting pollinators to pollinate plants and reproduce their offspring. The flower color of Impatiens uliginosa is rich, there are four main flower colors in nature: deep red, red, pink, and white. However, it remains unclear whether on four different flower colors mechanism of I. uliginosa. Methods: We investigate colorimetric measurement, observation of epidermal cells, cellular pH determination, extraction and determination of total anthocyanins and flavonoid, semi-quantitative determination of pigment components, and gene cloning and qRT-PCR of CHS genes to study four flower colors of I. uliginosa. Results: The L* and b* values were the highest in white flower, while the a* values were the highest in pink flower. The same shape of epidermal cells was observed in different flower colors, which was all irregular flat polygons, and there were partial lignification. Their cellular pH values were weakly acidic, while the pH values of the deep red flower was the highest and the white flower was the lowest. The highest pigment content of the four flower colors was total anthocyanin content. And malvidin-3-galactosidechloride (C23H25ClO12), cyanidin-3-O-glucoside (C21H21O11) and delphinidin (C15H11O7) were the main pigment components affecting the color of four different flower colors. The anthocyanin synthesis gene IuCHS was expressed in four flowers, and all three copies of it had the highest expression level in pink flower and the lowest expression level in white flower. Discussion: These results revealed the influence of main internal factors on four different flower colors of I. uliginosa, and provided a basis for further understanding of the intracellular and molecular regulatory mechanisms of flower color variation, and laid a foundation for the improvement of flower color breeding of Impatiens.

15.
Ecol Evol ; 14(3): e11171, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38495436

RESUMO

Roegneria yenchiana sp. nov. (Triticeae) is a new species collected from Shangri-la of Yunnan Province in China based on morphological, cytological, and molecular data. It is morphologically characterized by one spikelet per node, rectangular glums, awns flanked by two short mucros in lemmas, distinguished from other species of Roegneria. The genomic in situ hybridization results indicate that R. yenchiana is an allotetraploid, and its genomic constitution is StY. Phylogenetic analyses based on multiple loci suggested that R. yenchiana is closely related to Pseudoroegneria and Roegneria, and the Pseudoroegneria served as the maternal donors during its polyploid speciation.

16.
iScience ; 27(4): 109351, 2024 Apr 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38495825

RESUMO

Hypertension is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease, and exercise has cardioprotective effects on the heart. However, the mechanism by which exercise affects hypertension-induced myocardial injury remains unclear. Exercise response model of hypertension-induced myocardial injury in mice was analyzed using multiomics data to identify potential factors. The study found that serum Ca2+ and brain natriuretic peptide concentrations were significantly higher in the HTN (hypertension) group than in the control, HTN+MICT (moderate intensity continuous exercise), and HTN+HIIT (high intensity intermittent exercise) groups. Cardiac tissue damage and fibrosis increased in the HTN group, but exercise training reduced pathological changes, with more improvement in the HTN+HIIT group. Transcriptomic and proteomic studies showed significant differences in CACNA2D1 expression between the different treatment groups. HIIT ameliorated HTN-induced myocardial injury in mice by decreasing Ca2+ concentration and diastolizing vascular smooth muscle by downregulating CACNA2D1 via exercise.

17.
Cardiovasc Res ; 2024 Mar 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38498586

RESUMO

AIMS: Long non-coding RNA (LncRNA) small nucleolar RNA host gene 18 (SNHG18) has been widely implicated in cancers. However, little is known about its functional involvement in vascular diseases. Herein, we attempted to explore a role for SNHG18 in modulating vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) contractile phenotype and injury-induced neointima formation. METHODS AND RESULTS: Analysis of single cell RNA sequencing and transcriptomic datasets showed decreased levels of SNHG18 in injured and atherosclerotic murine and human arteries, which is positively associated with VSMC contractile genes. SNHG18 was upregulated in VSMCs by TGFß1 through transcription factors Sp1 and SMAD3. SNHG18 gene gain/loss-of-function studies revealed that VSMC contractile phenotype was positively regulated by SNHG18. Mechanistic studies showed that SNHG18 promotes a contractile VSMC phenotype by up-regulating miR-22-3p. SNHG18 up-regulates miR-22 biogenesis and miR-22-3p production by competitive binding with the A-to-I RNA editing enzyme, adenosine deaminase acting on RNA-2 (ADAR2). Surprisingly, we observed that ADAR2 inhibited miR-22 biogenesis not through increasing A-to-I editing within primary miR-22, but by interfering the binding of microprocessor complex subunit DGCR8 to primary miR-22. Importantly, perivascular SNHG18 overexpression in the injured vessels dramatically up-regulated the expression levels of miR-22-3p and VSMC contractile genes, and prevented injury-induced neointimal hyperplasia. Such modulatory effects were reverted by miR-22-3p inhibition in the injured arteries. Finally, we observed a similar regulator role for SNHG18 in human VSMCs, and a decreased expression level of both SNHG18 and miR-22-3p in diseased human arteries; and we found that the expression level of SNHG18 was positively associated with that of miR-22-3p in both healthy and diseased human arteries. CONCLUSION: We demonstrate that SNHG18 is a novel regulator in governing VSMC contractile phenotype and preventing injury-induced neointimal hyperplasia. Our findings have important implications for therapeutic targeting snhg18/miR-22-3p signalling in vascular diseases.

18.
J Integr Plant Biol ; 2024 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38501459

RESUMO

Maize (Zea mays subspecies mays) is an important commercial crop across the world, and its flowering time is closely related to grain yield, plant cycle and latitude adaptation. FKF1 is an essential clock-regulated blue-light receptor with distinct functions on flowering time in plants, and its function in maize remains unclear. In this study, we identified two FKF1 homologs in the maize genome, named ZmFKF1a and ZmFKF1b, and indicated that ZmFKF1a and ZmFKF1b independently regulate reproductive transition through interacting with ZmCONZ1 and ZmGI1 to increase the transcription levels of ZmCONZ1 and ZCN8. We demonstrated that ZmFKF1b underwent artificial selection during modern breeding in China probably due to its role in geographical adaptation. Furthermore, our data suggested that ZmFKF1bHap_C7 may be an elite allele, which increases the abundance of ZmCONZ1 mRNA more efficiently and adapt to a wider range of temperature zone than that of ZmFKF1bHap_Z58 to promote maize floral transition. It extends our understanding of the genetic diversity of maize flowering. This allele is expected to be introduced into tropical maize germplasm to enrich breeding resources and may improve the adaptability of maize at different climate zones, especially at temperate region.

19.
Plant J ; 2024 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38525917

RESUMO

With global climate change, the high-temperature environment has severely impacted the community structure and phenotype of marine diatoms. Phaeodactylum tricornutum, a model species of marine diatom, is sensitive to high temperature, which grow slowly under high temperature. However, the regulatory mechanism of P. tricornutum in response to high-temperature is still unclear. In this study, we found that the expression level of the HSP70A in the wild type (WT) increased 28 times when exposed to high temperature (26°C) for 1 h, indicating that HSP70A plays a role in high temperature in P. tricornutum. Furthermore, overexpression and interference of HSP70A have great impact on the exponential growth phase of P. tricornutum under 26°C. Moreover, the results of Co-immunoprecipitation (Co-IP) suggested that HSP70A potentially involved in the correct folding of the photosynthetic system-related proteins (D1/D2), preventing aggregation. The photosynthetic activity results demonstrated that overexpression of HSP70A improves non-photochemical quenching (NPQ) activity under high-temperature stress. These results reveal that HSP70A regulates the photosynthetic activity of P. tricornutum under high temperatures. This study not only helps us to understand the photosynthetic activity of marine diatoms to high temperature but also provides a molecular mechanism for HSP70A in P. tricornutum under high-temperature stress.

20.
Brain Res ; 1832: 148843, 2024 Feb 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38430996

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chronic pain is linked to cognitive impairment; however, the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. In the present study, we examined these mechanisms in a well-established mouse model of Alzheimer's disease (AD). METHODS: Neuropathic pain was modeled in 5-month-old transgenic APPswe/PS1dE9 (APP/PS1) mice by partial ligation of the sciatic nerve on the left side, and chronic inflammatory pain was modeled in another group of APP/PS1 mice by injecting them with complete Freund's adjuvant on the plantar surface of the left hind paw. Six weeks after molding, the animals were tested to assess pain threshold (von Frey filament), learning, memory (novel object recognition, Morris water maze, Y-maze, and passive avoidance), and depression-like symptoms (sucrose preference, tail suspension, and forced swimming). After behavioral testing, mice were sacrificed and the levels of p65, amyloid-ß (residues 1-42) and phospho-tau in the hippocampus and cerebral cortex were assayed using western blotting, while interleukin (IL)-1ß levels were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. RESULTS: Animals subjected to either type of chronic pain showed lower pain thresholds, more severe deficits in learning and memory, and stronger depression-like symptoms than the corresponding control animals. Either type of chronic pain was associated with upregulation of p65, amyloid-ß (1-42), and IL-1ß in the hippocampus and cerebral cortex, as well as higher levels of phosphorylated tau. CONCLUSIONS: Chronic pain may exacerbate cognitive deficits and depression-like symptoms in APP/PS1 mice by worsening pathology related to amyloid-ß and tau and by upregulating signaling involving IL-1ß and p65.

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