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PLoS One ; 19(2): e0296901, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38363787


OBJECTIVES: Providing advice to consumers in the form of labelling may mitigate the increased availability and low cost of foods that contribute to the obesity problem. Our objective was to test whether making the source of the health advice on the label more credible makes labelling more effective. METHODS AND MEASURES: Vending machines in different locations were stocked with healthy and unhealthy products in a hospital. Healthy products were randomly assigned to one of three conditions (i) a control condition in which no labelling was present (ii) a low source credibility label, "Lighter choices", and (iii) a high source credibility label that included the UK National Health Service (NHS) logo and name, "NHS lighter choices". Unhealthy products received no labelling. The outcome measure was sales volume. RESULTS: There were no main effects of labelling. However, there were significant interactions between labelling, vending machine location and payment type. For one location and payment type, sales of products increased in the high credibility label condition compared to control, particularly for unhealthy products, contrary to expectations. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that high source credibility health labels (NHS endorsement) on food either have little effect, or worse, can "backfire" and lead to effects opposite to those intended. The primary limitations are the limited range of source credibility labels and the scale of the study.

Alimentos , Medicina Estatal , Hospitais , Rotulagem de Produtos , Distribuidores Automáticos de Alimentos , Valor Nutritivo
J Occup Environ Med ; 65(1): 86-92, 2023 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36070537


OBJECTIVE: Disruption to working lives spurred by the COVID-19 pandemic may shape people's preferences for future employment. We aimed to identify the components of work prioritized by a UK sample and the employment changes they had considered since the start of the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS: A nationally representative longitudinal household survey was conducted in Wales at two time points between 2020 and 2021. RESULTS: Those in poorer health prioritized flexibility and were more likely to consider retiring. Those with limiting preexisting conditions or low mental well-being were more likely to consider becoming self-employed. Those experiencing financial insecurity (including those with high wage precarity or those furloughed) were more likely to consider retraining, becoming self-employed, or securing permanent employment. CONCLUSIONS: Ensuring flexible, secure, and autonomous work is accessible for individuals facing greater employment-related insecurity may be key.

COVID-19 , Pandemias , Humanos , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Emprego , Saúde Mental , Estudos Longitudinais
J Occup Environ Med ; 64(10): 815-821, 2022 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35732032


OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study is to provide insights into the working Welsh adult population's perceptions of the health impacts of working from home (WFH), their ability to WFH, and their WFH preferences. METHODS: Data were collected from 615 working adults in Wales between November 2020 and January 2021 in a household survey. RESULTS: More than 45% of those able to WFH reported worsened mental well-being and loneliness. Working from home worsened the diets, physical activity, smoking, and alcohol use of those in poorer health. Approximately 50% were able to WFH, although individuals living in more deprived areas, in atypical employment or with precarious income, were less able to WFH. Nearly 60% wanted to WFH to some capacity. CONCLUSIONS: The new way of working introduces new challenges to preserving workforce mental well-being, regulating health behaviors, and tackling inequalities. Hybrid models and targeted health support could make WFH healthier and more equitable.

Emprego , Saúde Mental , Adulto , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Renda
Lancet ; 400 Suppl 1: S1, 2022 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36929951


BACKGROUND: Employment is a determinant of health. The COVID-19 pandemic disrupted working lives, forcing individuals to adapt to new ways of working. These shifts might shape people's priorities and their consideration of changes for future work. We examined how these outcomes differed depending on self-reported health status. METHODS: In this longitudinal analysis, we used data from the COVID-19 Employment and Health in Wales Study; a nationally-representative household survey of workers aged 18-64 years. Timepoint 1 (T1) data were collected between May 27, 2020, and June 22, 2020, and timepoint 2 (T2) data between Nov 30, 2020, and Jan 29, 2021. Participants who responded at both timepoints were eligible. Respondents selected five employment priorities at both timepoints, and the employment changes they considered during the COVID-19 pandemic at T2 only. We used multivariable logistic regressions (including sociodemographics, current employment factors, and self-reported health) and examined associations with health firstly for employment priorities, and secondly for the consideration of employment changes. Health measures were self-reported general health, limiting pre-existing health conditions (both using National Survey for Wales validated questions), and mental wellbeing (using the shortened Warwick Edinburgh Mental Well-being Scale). FINDINGS: We analysed data from 592 respondents (382 [65%] women). 766 (56%) of 1358 T1 respondents were excluded as no T2 responses were provided. Those who self-reported poor general health were consistently more likely to prioritise flexible working arrangements than those rating fair or above (T1 adjusted odds ratio [aOR] 2·06 [95% CI 1·10-3·88], p=0·033; T2 aOR 1·87 [95% CI 1·05-3·33], p=0·034). Those with low (as opposed to average) mental wellbeing were more likely to consider securing a permanent contract (aOR 5·49 [95% CI 1·32-22·81], p=0·023, and those with limiting pre-existing conditions were four times more likely to consider becoming self-employed (aOR 4·00 [95% CI 1·35-11·84], p=0·011) than those without. INTERPRETATION: Promoting the adoption of flexible working policies and supporting those in poor health to obtain flexible employment could benefit people in Wales. Those with low mental wellbeing might seek the security of permanent employment, and those with limiting pre-existing conditions might value the autonomy of self-employment. FUNDING: None.

COVID-19 , Humanos , Feminino , Masculino , País de Gales/epidemiologia , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Pandemias , Emprego , Nível de Saúde
PLoS One ; 15(9): e0239483, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32956376


Vending machines contribute to growing levels of obesity. They typically contain energy dense, high fat snacks and attempts at persuading consumers to switch to healthier snacks sold within the same machine have had limited success. This study explored the health benefits and cost effectiveness of the complete replacement of regular snacks with healthy items. Two vending machines were manipulated in a 6-month trial, with a healthy and regular range of products alternated between the two machines every fortnight. Healthy vending resulted in a 61% drop in calories sold relative to regular vending, significant with time and product range as random factors. There was no evidence of compensatory behaviour from nearby shop sales nor in multi-item purchases from vending machines. The impact on profit was less clear. Sales dropped by 30% during healthy vending but variability across product range meant that the change was not significant. Overall our results demonstrate that complete healthy vending can be introduced in hospitals without a catastrophic loss in sales nor compensatory behaviours that offset the public health gains of consuming healthier products.

Dieta Saudável , Distribuidores Automáticos de Alimentos , Lanches , Análise Custo-Benefício , Ingestão de Energia , Fast Foods/economia , Distribuidores Automáticos de Alimentos/economia , Distribuidores Automáticos de Alimentos/estatística & dados numéricos , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Lojas no Hospital/economia , Lojas no Hospital/estatística & dados numéricos , Hospitais , Humanos , Valor Nutritivo , País de Gales