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1.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 24(1): 203, 2024 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38594610

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), ischemic myocardial fibrosis assessed by late gadolinium enhancement (I-LGE) using cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) have been reported. However, the clinical significance of I-LGE has not been completely understood. We aim to evaluate the I-LGE differ phenotypically from HCM without LGE or nonischemic myocardial fibrosis assessed by late gadolinium enhancement (NI-LGE) in the left ventricle (LV). METHODS: The patients with HCM whom was underwent CMR were enrolled, using cine cardiac magnetic resonance to evaluate LV function and LGE to detect the myocardial fibrosis. Three groups were assorted: 1) HCM without LGE; 2) HCM with LGE involved the subendocardial layer was defined as I-LGE; 3) HCM with LGE not involved the subendocardial layer was defined as NI-LGE. RESULTS: We enrolled 122 patients with HCM in the present study. LGE was detected in 58 of 122 (48%) patients with HCM, and 22 (18%) of patients reported I-LGE. HCM with I-LGE had increased higher left ventricular mass index (LVMI) (P < 0.0001) than HCM with NI-LGE or without LGE. In addition, HCM with I-LGE had a larger LV end- systolic volume (P = 0.045), lower LV ejection fraction (LVEF) (P = 0.026), higher LV myocardial mass (P < 0.001) and thicker LV wall (P < 0.001) more than HCM without LGE alone. The I-LGE were significantly associated with LVEF (OR: 0.961; P = 0.016), LV mass (OR: 1.028; P < 0.001), and maximal end-diastolic LVWT (OR: 1.567; P < 0.001). On multivariate analysis, LVEF (OR: 0.948; P = 0.013) and maximal end-diastolic LVWT (OR: 1.548; P = 0.001) were associated with higher risk for I-LGE compared to HCM without LGE. Noticeably, the maximal end-diastolic LVWT (OR: 1.316; P = 0.011) was the only associated with NI-LGE compared to HCM without LGE. CONCLUSIONS: I-LGE is not uncommon in patients with HCM. HCM with I-LGE was associated with significant LV hypertrophy, extensive LGE and poor LV ejection fraction. We should consider focal ischemic myocardial fibrosis when applying LGE to risk stratification for HCM.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatia Hipertrófica , Meios de Contraste , Humanos , Gadolínio , Imagem Cinética por Ressonância Magnética , Cardiomiopatia Hipertrófica/diagnóstico , Miocárdio/patologia , Fibrose , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética
2.
J Biomech ; 166: 112057, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38520934

RESUMO

Enhanced external counterpulsation (EECP) is a treatment and rehabilitation approach for ischemic diseases, including coronary artery disease. Its therapeutic benefits are primarily attributed to the improved blood circulation achieved through sequential mechanical compression of the lower extremities. However, despite the crucial role that hemodynamic effects in the lower extremity arteries play in determining the effectiveness of EECP treatment, most studies have focused on the diastole phase and ignored the systolic phase. In the present study, a novel siphon model (SM) was developed to investigate the interdependence of several hemodynamic parameters, including pulse wave velocity, femoral flow rate, the operation pressure of cuffs, and the mean blood flow changes in the femoral artery throughout EECP therapy. To verify the accuracy of the SM, we coupled the predicted afterload in the lower extremity arteries during deflation using SM with the 0D-1D patient-specific model. Finally, the simulation results were compared with clinical measurements obtained during EECP therapy to verify the applicability and accuracy of the SM, as well as the coupling method. The precision and reliability of the previously developed personalized approach were further affirmed in this study. The average waveform similarity coefficient between the simulation results and the clinical measurements during the rest state exceeded 90%. This work has the potential to enhance our understanding of the hemodynamic mechanisms involved in EECP treatment and provide valuable insights for clinical decision-making.


Assuntos
Contrapulsação , Análise de Onda de Pulso , Humanos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Hemodinâmica , Extremidade Inferior , Contrapulsação/métodos
3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38350161

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To explore the influence of preoperative factors, including varying pupil sizes and refractive attributes, on postoperative disability glare in patients undergoing Implantable Collamer Lens (ICL) implantation. SETTING: Second Affiliated Hospital, Nanchang University. DESIGN: Prospective observational study. METHODS: We analyzed the preoperative ocular characteristics and six-month postoperative glare status in eligible patients who underwent EVO-Visian ICL V4c (VICMO) implantation. The disability glare criteria encompassed a glare symptom score >6 and glare sensitivity exceeding 1:2.7. Logistic regression analysis was used to explore the relationship between the preoperative ocular parameters and post-ICL glare. RESULTS: The study included 95 patients (mean age, 26.04 ± 6.29 years), comprising 30 males (58 eyes) and 65 females (129 eyes). Multivariate analysis revealed a significant correlation between postoperative disability glare and increased spherical power in preoperative mesopic pupils (ß = -0.124, p = 0.039), as well as elevated cylinder power in preoperative mesopic (ß = -0.412, p = 0.009) and photopic pupils (ß = -0.430, p = 0.007). Moreover, a larger preoperative mesopic pupil diameter (ß = 0.561, p = 0.005) demonstrated a significant correlation with disability glare. CONCLUSIONS: Preoperative mesopic pupil dimensions and associated refractive parameters, such as sphere and cylinder were correlated with disability glare, including the cylinder aspect in photopic pupils, which can assist clinicians in optimizing preoperative selection for ICL implantation, aiding in the anticipation of potential disability glare risks.

4.
IEEE Trans Image Process ; 33: 216-227, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37906476

RESUMO

Recently, with the assumption that samples can be reconstructed by themselves, subspace clustering (SC) methods have achieved great success. Generally, SC methods contain some parameters to be tuned, and different affinity matrices can obtain with different parameter values. In this paper, for the first time, we study a method for fusing these different affinity matrices to promote clustering performance and provide the corresponding solution from a multi-view clustering (MVC) perspective. That is, we argue that the different affinity matrices are consistent and complementary, which is similar to the fundamental assumption of MVC methods. Based on this observation, in this paper, we use least squares regression (LSR), which is a typical SC method, as an example since it can be efficiently optimized and has shown good clustering performance and we propose a novel robust least squares regression method from an MVC perspective (RLSR/MVCP). Specifically, we first utilize LSR with different parameter values to obtain different affinity matrices. Then, to fully explore the information contained in these different affinity matrices and to remove noise, we further fuse these affinity matrices into a tensor, which is constrained by the tensor low-rank constraint, i.e., the tensor nuclear norm (TNN). The two steps are combined into a framework that is solved by the augmented Lagrange multiplier (ALM) method. The experimental results on several datasets indicate that RLSR/MVCP has very encouraging clustering performance and is superior to state-of-the-art SC methods.

5.
Int J Med Sci ; 20(7): 836-848, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37324184

RESUMO

Atherosclerosis is a chronic, inflammatory disease characterized by a lipid-driven infiltration of inflammatory cells in large and medium arteries and is considered to be a major underlying cause of cardiovascular diseases. Cuproptosis, a novel form of cell death, is highly linked to mitochondrial metabolism and mediated by protein lipoylation. However, the clinical implication of cuproptosis-related genes (CRGs) in atherosclerosis remains unclear. In this study, genes collected from the GEO database intersected with CRGs were identified in atherosclerosis. GSEA, GO and KEGG pathway enrichment analyses were performed for functional annotation. Through the random forest algorithm and the construction of a protein-protein interaction (PPI) network, eight selected genes (LOXL2, SLC31A1, ATP7A, SLC31A2, COA6, UBE2D1, CP and SOD1) and a vital cuproptosis-related gene FDX1 were then further validated. Two independent datasets (GSE28829 (N = 29), GSE100927 (N = 104)) were collected to construct the signature of CRGs for validation in atherosclerosis. Consistently, the atherosclerosis plaques showed significantly higher expression of SLC31A1, SLC31A2 and lower expression of SOD1 than the normal intimae. The area under the curve (AUC) of SLC31A1, SLC31A2 and SOD1 performed well for the diagnostic validation in the two datasets. In conclusion, the cuproptosis-related gene signature could serve as a potential diagnostic biomarker for atherosclerosis and may offer novel insights into the treatment of cardiovascular diseases. Based on the hub genes, a competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) network of lncRNA-miRNA-mRNA and a transcription factor regulation network were ultimately constructed to explore the possible regulatory mechanism in atherosclerosis.


Assuntos
Apoptose , Aterosclerose , Doenças Cardiovasculares , Placa Aterosclerótica , Humanos , Aterosclerose/diagnóstico , Aterosclerose/genética , Biomarcadores , Proteínas de Transporte , Proteínas Mitocondriais , Superóxido Dismutase-1 , Cobre
6.
Foods ; 12(8)2023 Apr 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37107517

RESUMO

The larvae of Clanis bilineata tsingtauica, a special species of Chinese edible insect, are of great nutritional, medicinal and economic value to humans. This study aimed to clarify the effect of different soybean varieties (Guandou-3 (G3), Ruidou-1 (R1), September cold (SC)) on the nutritional quality and feeding selection behavior of C. bilineata tsingtauica larvae. The results showed that soybean isoleucine (Ile) and phenylalanine (Phe) were positively correlated with larval host selection (HS) and protein content. The order of soybean plants selected by C. bilineata tsingtauica larvae was R1 > SC > G3, and they selected R1 significantly higher than SC and G3 by 50.55% and 109.01%, respectively. The protein content of the larvae fed on R1 was also the highest among the three cultivars. In addition, a total of 17 volatiles belonging to 5 classes were detected from soybeans: aldehydes, esters, alcohols, ketones, and heterocyclic compounds. Pearson's analysis showed that soybean methyl salicylate was positively correlated with larval HS and their protein content, and soybean 3-octenol was negatively correlated with larval HS and their palmitic acid content. In conclusion, C. bilineata tsingtauica larvae are more adapted to R1 than to the other two soybean species. This study provides a theoretical basis for the production of more protein-rich C. bilineata tsingtauica in the food industry.

7.
J Clin Invest ; 133(9)2023 05 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36917193

RESUMO

Chronic pain can cause both hyperalgesia and anxiety symptoms. However, how the two components are encoded in the brain remains unclear. The prelimbic cortex (PrL), a critical brain region for both nociceptive and emotional modulations, serves as an ideal medium for comparing how the two components are encoded. We report that PrL neurons projecting to the basolateral amygdala (PrLBLA) and those projecting to the ventrolateral periaqueductal gray (PrLl/vlPAG) were segregated and displayed elevated and reduced neuronal activity, respectively, during pain chronicity. Consistently, optogenetic suppression of the PrL-BLA circuit reversed anxiety-like behaviors, whereas activation of the PrL-l/vlPAG circuit attenuated hyperalgesia in mice with chronic pain. Moreover, mechanistic studies indicated that elevated TNF-α/TNFR1 signaling in the PrL caused increased insertion of GluA1 receptors into PrLBLA neurons and contributed to anxiety-like behaviors in mice with chronic pain. Together, these results provide insights into the circuit and molecular mechanisms in the PrL for controlling pain-related hyperalgesia and anxiety-like behaviors.


Assuntos
Complexo Nuclear Basolateral da Amígdala , Dor Crônica , Camundongos , Animais , Dor Crônica/genética , Hiperalgesia , Ansiedade/genética , Córtex Cerebral
8.
Nat Commun ; 14(1): 729, 2023 02 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36759610

RESUMO

Alterations in energy metabolism are associated with depression. However, the role of glycolysis in the pathogenesis of depression and the underlying molecular mechanisms remain unexplored. Through an unbiased proteomic screen coupled with biochemical verifications, we show that the levels of glycolysis and lactate dehydrogenase A (LDHA), a glycolytic enzyme that catalyzes L-lactate production, are reduced in the dorsomedial prefrontal cortex (dmPFC) of stress-susceptible mice in chronic social defeat stress (CSDS) model. Conditional knockout of LDHA from the brain promotes depressive-like behaviors in both male and female mice, accompanied with reduced L-lactate levels and decreased neuronal excitability in the dmPFC. Moreover, these phenotypes could be duplicated by knockdown of LDHA in the dmPFC or specifically in astrocytes. In contrast, overexpression of LDHA reverses these phenotypic changes in CSDS-susceptible mice. Mechanistic studies demonstrate that L-lactate promotes neuronal excitability through monocarboxylic acid transporter 2 (MCT2) and by inhibiting large-conductance Ca2+-activated potassium (BK) channel. Together, these results reveal a role of LDHA in maintaining neuronal excitability to prevent depressive-like behaviors.


Assuntos
Astrócitos , Ácido Láctico , Camundongos , Masculino , Feminino , Animais , Lactato Desidrogenase 5/metabolismo , Astrócitos/metabolismo , L-Lactato Desidrogenase/metabolismo , Proteômica , Proteínas de Transporte
9.
Front Physiol ; 14: 1093713, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36846329

RESUMO

Good exploitation and utilization of edible insects can effectively alleviate global food security crisis in years. The study on diapause larvae of Clanis bilineata tsingtauica (DLC) was conducted to explore how gut microbiota regulate the nutrients synthesis and metabolism of edible insects. The results showed that C. bilineata tsingtauica maintained a total and stable nutrition levels at early phase of diapause. The activity of instetinal enzymes in DLC fluctuated markedly with diapause time. Additionally, Proteobacteria and Firmicutes were the predominant taxa, and TM7 (Saccharibacteria) was the marker species of gut microbiota in DLC. Combined the gene function prediction analysis with Pearson correlation analysis, TM7 in DLC was mainly involved in the biosynthesis of diapause-induced differential fatty acids, i.e., linolelaidic acid (LA) and tricosanoic acid (TA), which was probably regulated by changing the activity of protease and trehalase, respectively. Moreover, according to the non-target metabolomics, TM7 might regulate the significant differential metabolites, i.e., D-glutamine, N-acetyl-d-glucosamine and trehalose, via the metabolism of amino acid and carbohydrate pathways. These results suggest that TM7 increased LA and decreased TA via the intestinal enzymes, and altered intestinal metabolites via the metabolism pathways, maybe a key mechanism for regulating the nutrients synthesis and metabolisms in DLC.

10.
Nat Commun ; 14(1): 252, 2023 01 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36650183

RESUMO

Prostate cancer harboring BRCA1/2 mutations are often exceptionally sensitive to PARP inhibitors. However, genomic alterations in other DNA damage response genes have not been consistently predictive of clinical response to PARP inhibition. Here, we perform genome-wide CRISPR-Cas9 knockout screens in BRCA1/2-proficient prostate cancer cells and identify previously unknown genes whose loss has a profound impact on PARP inhibitor response. Specifically, MMS22L deletion, frequently observed (up to 14%) in prostate cancer, renders cells hypersensitive to PARP inhibitors by disrupting RAD51 loading required for homologous recombination repair, although this response is TP53-dependent. Unexpectedly, loss of CHEK2 confers resistance rather than sensitivity to PARP inhibition through increased expression of BRCA2, a target of CHEK2-TP53-E2F7-mediated transcriptional repression. Combined PARP and ATR inhibition overcomes PARP inhibitor resistance caused by CHEK2 loss. Our findings may inform the use of PARP inhibitors beyond BRCA1/2-deficient tumors and support reevaluation of current biomarkers for PARP inhibition in prostate cancer.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Neoplasias da Próstata , Humanos , Masculino , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Proteína BRCA1/metabolismo , Reparo do DNA/genética , Genes BRCA2 , Inibidores de Poli(ADP-Ribose) Polimerases/farmacologia , Inibidores de Poli(ADP-Ribose) Polimerases/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias da Próstata/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Próstata/genética , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos
11.
Oncol Lett ; 24(4): 377, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36238848

RESUMO

The present study aimed to clarify the role of microRNA (miR)-5590-3p in the progression of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and investigate the underlying mechanisms. The expression levels of miR-5590-3p, Rho-associated protein kinase (ROCK)2 and ß-catenin in RCC cells were measured by reverse transcription-quantitative PCR and western blot analysis. Following overexpression of miR-5590-3p and ROCK2 by transfection of miR-5590-3p mimics and GV367-ROCK2, respectively, changes in the proliferation, migration and invasion of RCC cells were determined through colony-formation, wound-healing and Transwell assays, respectively. The direct binding interaction between miR-5590-3p and ROCK2, initially predicted using Targetscan, was validated by a dual-luciferase reporter assay. The results indicated that miR-5590-3p was downregulated in RCC. Overexpression of miR-5590-3p led to downregulation of ROCK2 and ß-catenin and inhibited the proliferation, migration and invasion of RCC cells. The dual-luciferase reporter assay confirmed the binding relationship between miR-5590-3p and ROCK2. Of note, overexpression of ROCK2 effectively reversed the regulatory effects of miR-5590-3p on RCC cells. In conclusion, miR-5590-3p inhibits the proliferation, migration and invasion of RCC cells by targeting ROCK2, which is a potential molecular biomarker and therapeutic target for RCC.

12.
Nat Metab ; 4(10): 1369-1401, 2022 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36217034

RESUMO

The activity of 5'-adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK) is inversely correlated with the cellular availability of glucose. When glucose levels are low, the glycolytic enzyme aldolase is not bound to fructose-1,6-bisphosphate (FBP) and, instead, signals to activate lysosomal AMPK. Here, we show that blocking FBP binding to aldolase with the small molecule aldometanib selectively activates the lysosomal pool of AMPK and has beneficial metabolic effects in rodents. We identify aldometanib in a screen for aldolase inhibitors and show that it prevents FBP from binding to v-ATPase-associated aldolase and activates lysosomal AMPK, thereby mimicking a cellular state of glucose starvation. In male mice, aldometanib elicits an insulin-independent glucose-lowering effect, without causing hypoglycaemia. Aldometanib also alleviates fatty liver and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis in obese male rodents. Moreover, aldometanib extends lifespan and healthspan in both Caenorhabditis elegans and mice. Taken together, aldometanib mimics and adopts the lysosomal AMPK activation pathway associated with glucose starvation to exert physiological roles, and might have potential as a therapeutic for metabolic disorders in humans.


Assuntos
Insulinas , Inanição , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Animais , Proteínas Quinases Ativadas por AMP/metabolismo , Glucose/metabolismo , Frutose-Bifosfato Aldolase/metabolismo , Lisossomos/metabolismo , Inanição/metabolismo , Adenosina Trifosfatases/metabolismo , Caenorhabditis elegans , Monofosfato de Adenosina/metabolismo , Frutose/metabolismo , Insulinas/metabolismo
13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36248425

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the role of LncHOTAIR in apoptosis and autophagy in lymphoma. Methods: The interaction between LncHOTAIR and miR-6511b-5p, as well as between miR-6511b-5p and ATG7, was verified by a dual luciferase assay. LncHOTAIR overexpression lentivirus was transducted and siATG7s were transfected into Raji and BJAB lymphoma cells, and the efficiency was verified by qPCR. Lymphocyte proliferation was detected by the cell counting kit-8 (CCK8) test, and autophagy was detected by transmission electron microscopy. The protein expressions of ULK1, Beclin1, ATG7, LC3, Bax, cleaved-caspase 3, and Bcl-2 were detected using Western blots. Results: There was a targeting relationship between LncHOTAIR and miR-6511b-5p and between miR-6511b-5p and ATG7. LncHOTAIR overexpression promoted the proliferation and autophagy of Raji and BJAB cells, significantly upregulated ATG7, Beclin1, ULK1, Bcl-2, and LC3-II/LC3-I levels, and downregulated Bax and cleaved-caspase3 levels. siATG7 significantly inhibited the proliferation and autophagy of Raji and BJAB cells and promoted their apoptosis. Conclusion: LncHOTAIR/hsa-miR-6511b-5p/ATG7 could regulate the proliferation, apoptosis, and autophagy of Raji and BJAB lymphoma cells.

14.
Vet Med Sci ; 8(6): 2504-2510, 2022 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36112763

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Qing Chang oral liquid (QOL) is a veterinary drug, which mainly composed of Artemisiae annuae herba, Dichroae radix, Agrimonia pilosa and Sanguisorbae radix. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to explore the effect of Qing Chang Oral Liquid (QOL) on the treatment effect of artificially infected chicken coccidiosis and to the cellular immunity. METHODS: Healthy Roman chickens were randomly divided into five groups: blank group, model group, QOL high-, medium- and low-dose groups. All the groups were orally administered with 1 × 104 sporulated oocysts (except the blank group). After 5 days of oral administration, the high-, medium- and low-dose groups of QOL were added to the drinking water at 2.4, 1.8 and 1.2 ml/kg, respectively. The blank and model groups were fed normally, and this experiment lasted for 7 days. The clinical signs were observed, and the relative weight gain, survival rate, cecum lesion score and oocyst value were measured to evaluate the effect of QOL. Meanwhile, the peripheral blood T-lymphocyte subsets and cecal IL-2, IL-17, IFN-γ mRNA expression were detected by flow cytometry and fluorescent quantitative PCR. RESULTS: The chickens in the model group were in poor mental state, gathered together, had loose stools or bloody stools and had less food intake and less exercise. The chicken mental state improved, the food intake and drinking water increased, and the faeces are normal in the high-, medium- and low-dose groups, especially in the high-dose group, the anti-coccidial indexes were up to 173.08. No significant differences were observed (p > 0.05) in the peripheral blood CD3+ , CD3+ CD4+ between the experimental groups. Compared with the blank group, there were different degrees of increase in each dose drug group of the cecal IFN-γ, IL-2 and IL-17 mRNA expression, but the high-dose group was significantly reduced compared with the model group (p < 0.01), but there was no significant difference (p > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that QOL has positive anti-coccidial effect but has no obvious effect on the cellular immunity.


Assuntos
Coccidiose , Água Potável , Doenças das Aves Domésticas , Animais , Galinhas , Interleucina-17/farmacologia , Interleucina-17/uso terapêutico , Doenças das Aves Domésticas/tratamento farmacológico , Interleucina-2 , Qualidade de Vida , Coccidiose/tratamento farmacológico , Coccidiose/veterinária , Oocistos , Imunidade Celular , RNA Mensageiro
15.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 617(Pt 2): 69-76, 2022 08 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35691117

RESUMO

Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is a key reason for legal blindness worldwide. Currently, it is urgently necessary to determine the etiology and pathological molecular mechanism of DR to search for resultful therapies. Dickkopf-1 (DKK1) is inhibitive for canonical Wnt signaling via negative feedback, and has been reported as a biomarker for DR. However, the related mechanisms are still unclear. In this work, our data showed that DKK1 was decreased in the vitreous tissues at an early stage of diabetes triggered by streptozotocin (STZ) injection in rats. We subsequently found that DKK1 intravitreal injection significantly ameliorated the physiological function of retina in STZ-challenged rats, accompanied by improved retinal structure. Surprisingly, our results indicated that DKK1 injection remarkably suppressed PANoptosis in retinal tissues of STZ-challenged rats with DR, as proved by ameliorated pyroptosis, apoptosis and necroptosis, which were mainly through the blockage of cleaved Gasdermin-D (GSDMD), Caspase-3 and receptor-interacting protein kinase-3 (RIPK3). Additionally, Wnt signaling including the expression of Wnt, ß-catenin and LDL receptor-related protein 5/6 (LRP5/6) was also highly prohibited in retina of DKK1-injected rats with DR. Furthermore, retinal neovascularization and acellular vessel in DR rats were also considerably abolished after DKK1 injection, accompanied by reduced expression levels of retinal vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP2) and matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP9). More in vitro experiments showed that DKK1 treatment markedly repressed the proliferative and migratory ability of endothelial cells via inhibiting angiogenesis-related molecules. Together, all our results broaden the knowledge of the correlation between DKK1 and DR, and then provide a novel therapeutic strategy for the suppression of management of DR.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Experimental , Retinopatia Diabética , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intercelular/metabolismo , Neovascularização Retiniana , Animais , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/metabolismo , Retinopatia Diabética/metabolismo , Células Endoteliais/metabolismo , Metaloproteinase 2 da Matriz/metabolismo , Ratos , Retina/metabolismo , Neovascularização Retiniana/metabolismo , Neovascularização Retiniana/prevenção & controle , Estreptozocina , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo
16.
Zhongguo Gu Shang ; 35(5): 409-17, 2022 May 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35535527

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the difference in clinical efficacy of minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MIS-TLIF) under Quadrant channel system combined with microscope and percutaneous pedicle screw in the treatment of degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis. METHODS: A total of 114 patients with single-segment degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis from June 2015 to February 2019, were divided into three groups according to the surgical methods, such as the MIS-TLIF under the microscope surgery group ( microscope group), MIS-TLIF combined with percutaneous pedicle screw technique surgery group(percutaneous group) and posterior lumbar interbody fusion surgery group (open group). In the microscope group, there were 12 males and 26 females, aged from 42 to 83 years with an average of (63.29±9.09) years. In the percutaneous group, there were 16 males and 22 females, aged from 45 to 82 years with an average of (63.37±7.50) years. In the open group, there were 12 males and 26 females, aged from 51 to 82 years with an average of (63.76±8.21) years. The general conditions of operation, such as operation time, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative drainage, length of surgical incision, frequency of intraoperative fluoroscopy and postoperative time of lying in bed were recorded to analyze the differences in surgical related indicators. Visual analogue scale (VAS) of waist and leg pain in preoperative and postoperative period (3 days, 3 months, 6 months and 12 months) were recorded to evaluate pain remission;Oswestry Disability Index(ODI), Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) score were recorded to evaluate the recovery of waist and leg function on preoperative and postoperative 12 months. The lumbar spondylolisthesis rate and intervertebral height at 12 months after operation were recorded to evaluate the reduction of spondylolisthesis. The Siepe intervertebral fusion standard was used to analyze the intervertebral fusion rate at 12 months after operation. RESULTS: ①All 114 patients were followed up more than 1 year, and no complications related to incision infection occurred. In the microscope group, there was 1 case of subcutaneous effusion 8 days after operation. After percutaneous puncture and drainage, waist compression, and then the healing was delayed. In the percutaneous group, 2 cases of paravertebral muscle necrosis occurred on the side of decompression, and the healing was delayed after debridement. In open group, there was 1 case of intraoperative dural tear, which was packed with free adipose tissue during the operation. There was no postoperative cerebrospinal fluid leakage and other related complications.① Compared with microscope group, percutaneous group increased in operation time, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative wound drainage, surgical incision length, intraoperative fluoroscopy times, and postoperative bed rest time. In open group, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative wound drainage, surgical incision length, and postoperative bed rest time increased, but the intraoperative fluoroscopy time decreased. Compared with percutaneous group, the intraoperative blood loss, wound drainage, surgical incision length, and postoperative bed rest time in open group increased, but operative time and the intraoperative fluoroscopy time decreased(P<0.05). ②ODI and JOA scores of the three groups at 12 months after operation were improved compared with those before operation (P<0.05), but there was no significant difference between the three group(P>0.05). ③Compared with microscope group, the VAS of low back pain in percutaneous group increased at 3 days after operation, and VAS of low back pain in open group increased at 3 days, and 12 month after operation. Compared with percutaneous group, the VAS low back pain score of the open group increased at 3 months after operation (P<0.05). ④ The lumbar spondylolisthesis rate of the three groups of patients at 12 months afrer operation was decreased compared with that before operation(P<0.05), and the intervertebral heigh was increased compared with that before operation(P<0.05), however, there was no significant difference among three groups at 12 months afrer operation(P>0.05). ⑤ There was no significant difference between three groups in the lumbar fusion rate at 12 months afrer operation(P>0.05). CONCLUSION: The MIS-TLIF assisted by microscope and the MIS-TLIF combined with percutaneous pedicle screw are safe and effective to treat the degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis with single-segment, and the MIS-TLIF assisted by microscope may be more invasive, cause less blood loss and achieve better clinical efficacy.


Assuntos
Dor Lombar , Fusão Vertebral , Espondilolistese , Ferida Cirúrgica , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos , Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia , Masculino , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/métodos , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fusão Vertebral/métodos , Espondilolistese/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Insects ; 13(4)2022 Apr 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35447815

RESUMO

The fall armyworm (FAW), Spodoptera frugiperda, is one of the most important invasive species and causes great damage to various host crops in China. In this study, the diversity and function of gut bacteria in the 5th instar larvae of FAW fed on maize, wheat, potato and tobacco leaves were analyzed through 16S rRNA sequencing. A total of 1324.25 ± 199.73, 1313.5 ± 74.87, 1873.00 ± 190.66 and 1435.25 ± 139.87 operational taxonomic units (OTUs) from the gut of FAW fed on these four different host plants were detected, respectively. Firmicutes, Proteobacteria and Bacteroidetes were the most abundant bacterial phyla. Beta diversity analysis showed that the gut bacterial community structure of larvae fed on different host plants was significantly differentiated. At the genus level, the abundance of Enterococcus in larvae fed on wheat was significantly lower than those fed on the other three host plants. Enterobacter and ZOR0006 were dominant in FAW fed on tobacco leaves, and in low abundance in larvae fed on wheat. Interestingly, when fed on Solanaceae (tobacco and potato) leaves which contained relative higher levels of toxic secondary metabolites than Gramineae (wheat and maize), the genera Enterococcus, Enterobacter and Acinetobacter were significantly enriched. The results indicated that gut bacteria were related to the detoxification and adaptation of toxic secondary metabolites of host plants in FAW. Further analysis showed that replication, repair and nucleotide metabolism functions were enriched in the gut bacteria of larvae fed on tobacco and potato. In conclusion, the gut bacterial diversity and community composition in FAW larvae fed on different host plants showed significant differences, and the insect is likely to regulate their gut bacteria for adaptation to different host plants.

18.
Neural Netw ; 151: 168-177, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35439662

RESUMO

In the era of big data, there are an increasing number of multisource information data, and multi-view clustering (MVC) algorithms have developed rapidly. However, the affinity matrix learned by most MVC methods is not clean and precise enough and cannot describe the latent structure of multi-view data accurately, which results in poor clustering performance. In this paper, we propose a novel Double Structure Scaled Simplex Representation (DSSSR) method for MVC. Initially, we concatenate the multi-view data into a joint representation. Then, we use the scaled simplex representation (SSR) method on the concatenated data to obtain the affinity matrix. However, the affinity matrix is not clean and precise. Therefore, we use the SSR method again on the obtained affinity matrix to obtain a more accurate and clean affinity matrix. Furthermore, the two-step SSR is integrated into a unified optimization framework, a clean and accurate affinity matrix can be obtained, and the sum of each column vector of the affinity matrix is constrained to be nonnegative and equal to s (0

19.
Sci Adv ; 8(7): eabl9794, 2022 02 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35179959

RESUMO

Current targeted cancer therapies are largely guided by mutations of a single gene, which overlooks concurrent genomic alterations. Here, we show that RNASEH2B, RB1, and BRCA2, three closely located genes on chromosome 13q, are frequently deleted in prostate cancer individually or jointly. Loss of RNASEH2B confers cancer cells sensitivity to poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibition due to impaired ribonucleotide excision repair and PARP trapping. When co-deleted with RB1, however, cells lose their sensitivity, in part, through E2F1-induced BRCA2 expression, thereby enhancing homologous recombination repair capacity. Nevertheless, loss of BRCA2 resensitizes RNASEH2B/RB1 co-deleted cells to PARP inhibition. Our results may explain some of the disparate clinical results from PARP inhibition due to interaction between multiple genomic alterations and support a comprehensive genomic test to determine who may benefit from PARP inhibition. Last, we show that ATR inhibition can disrupt E2F1-induced BRCA2 expression and overcome PARP inhibitor resistance caused by RB1 loss.


Assuntos
Inibidores de Poli(ADP-Ribose) Polimerases , Neoplasias da Próstata , Proteína BRCA2 , Reparo do DNA , Replicação do DNA , Genes BRCA2 , Humanos , Masculino , Inibidores de Poli(ADP-Ribose) Polimerases/farmacologia , Neoplasias da Próstata/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Próstata/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a Retinoblastoma/genética , Ribonuclease H , Ubiquitina-Proteína Ligases/genética
20.
Cell Cycle ; 21(4): 340-351, 2022 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34974812

RESUMO

Drug resistance is a significant challenge in the present treatment regimens of renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Our previous study confirmed that nc886 functions as an oncogene in RCC. Nevertheless, the role and underlying mechanism of nc886 in RCC drug resistance are unclear. In the present study, Sunitinib and Everolimus treatment, respectively, downregulated nc886 expression in a dose-dependent manner in all four renal cancer cell lines. Nc886 overexpression in 786-O cells and ACHN cells significantly reduced the sensitivity of cancer cells to both Sunitinib and Everolimus treatment, respectively, by promoting cell viability and inhibiting cell apoptosis, whereas nc886 silencing increased cancer cell sensitivity. In renal cancer cell line with the highest drug-resistance, 786-O cells, Sunitinib, or Everolimus treatment enhanced the cellular EMT and was further enhanced by nc886 overexpression while attenuated by nc886 silencing. In 786-O cells, nc886 overexpression significantly promoted EMT, ROCK2 phosphorylation, and ß-catenin nucleus translocation under Sunitinib or Everolimus treatment. Moreover, ROCK2 silencing significantly reversed the effects of nc886 overexpression on EMT, ROCK2 phosphorylation, and ß-catenin nucleus translocation, as well as drug-resistant renal cancer cell viability and apoptosis. In conclusion, it was demonstrated that nc886 promotes renal cancer cell proliferation, migration, and invasion, as demonstrated previously. nc886 also promotes renal cancer cell drug-resistance to Sunitinib or Everolimus by promoting EMT through Rock2 phosphorylation-mediated nuclear translocation of ß-catenin.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Renais , Neoplasias Renais , Carcinoma de Células Renais/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal , Everolimo/farmacologia , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Renais/patologia , Masculino , Fosforilação , Transdução de Sinais , Sunitinibe/farmacologia , Sunitinibe/uso terapêutico , beta Catenina/metabolismo , Quinases Associadas a rho/metabolismo , Quinases Associadas a rho/farmacologia , Quinases Associadas a rho/uso terapêutico
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