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1.
Dalton Trans ; 50(36): 12419-12423, 2021 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34545879

RESUMO

Intercalation of Cu into layered polychalcogenide La2O2S2 was demonstrated to be viable both under solvothermal conditions at 200 °C and mechanical ball milling at ambient temperature. This result evidences the soft-chemical nature of metal intercalation into layered polychalcogenides driven by the redox reactivity of anion-anion bonds.

2.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 3605, 2021 Jun 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34127660

RESUMO

Designing and synthesising new metastable compounds is a major challenge of today's material science. While exploration of metastable oxides has seen decades-long advancement thanks to the topochemical deintercalation of oxygen as recently spotlighted with the discovery of nickelate superconductor, such unique synthetic pathway has not yet been found for chalcogenide compounds. Here we combine an original soft chemistry approach, structure prediction calculations and advanced electron microscopy techniques to demonstrate the topochemical deintercalation/reintercalation of sulfur in a layered oxychalcogenide leading to the design of novel metastable phases. We demonstrate that La2O2S2 may react with monovalent metals to produce sulfur-deintercalated metastable phases La2O2S1.5 and oA-La2O2S whose lamellar structures were predicted thanks to an evolutionary structure-prediction algorithm. This study paves the way to unexplored topochemistry of mobile chalcogen anions.

3.
Inorg Chem ; 59(7): 4546-4553, 2020 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32186858

RESUMO

Several new materials with four structure-types (e.g., Cu0.32In1.74Ga0.84S4 (CIGS4), Cu0.65In1.75Ga1.4S5 (CIGS5), Cu1.44In2.77Ga0.76S6 (CIGS6), and Cu1.1In2.49Ga1.8S7 (CIGS7)) have been evidenced in the Cu2S-In2S3-Ga2S3 pseudo-ternary system. All of them present a 2D structure built upon infinite 2/∞[InS2] layers ((InS6) octahedra sharing edges) on which condense on both sides mono-, bi-, or tri-2/∞[MS] layers ((MS4) tetrahedra (M = Cu, In, Ga) sharing corners). (M(Td))n-2(In(Oh))Sn slabs are separated from each other by a van der Waals gap, and subscript n refers to the number of sulfur layers within the building block. These compounds have the propensity to display stacking faults but also polymorphic forms. Their optical gap (ca. 1.7 eV) is quite similar to the one of the Cu(In0.7Ga0.3)S2 chalcopyrite absorbers used in tandem solar cells, and the major charge carriers are holes. This suggests that they might be very attractive for photovoltaic applications in thin film devices but also for photocatalysis.

4.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 55(44): 6189-6192, 2019 May 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31049515

RESUMO

We demonstrate here the low temperature topochemical insertion of transition elements (Fe, Ni, and Cu) in precursors containing pre-formed (Sn)2- (n = 2 and 3) oligomers. Indeed, this soft chemistry route opens the door to the easy, orientated synthesis of low dimensional transition metal compounds provided that the elemental metal can retrocede electron(s) to empty antibonding sulfur σ* levels.

5.
Inorg Chem ; 57(20): 12624-12631, 2018 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30260231

RESUMO

CdIn2S4 and In2S3 compounds were both previously studied as buffer layers in CIGS-based thin-film solar cells, each of them exhibiting advantages and disadvantages. Thus, we naturally embarked on the study of the CdIn2S4-In2S3 system, and a series of Cd1- xIn2+2 x/3S4 (0 ≤ x ≤ 1) materials were prepared and characterized. Our results show that two solid solutions exist. The aliovalent substitution of cadmium(II) by indium(III) induces a structural transition at x ≈ 0.7 from cubic spinel Fd3̅ m to tetragonal spinel I41/ amd that is related to an ordering of cadmium vacancies. Despite this transition, the variation of optical gap is continuous and decreases from 2.34 to 2.11 eV going from CdIn2S4 to In2S3 while all compounds retain an n-type behavior. In contrast with the Al xIn2-xS3 solid solution, no saturation of the gap is observed. Moreover, XPS analyses indicate a difference between surface and volume composition of the grains for Cd-poor compounds. The use of Cd1- xIn2+2 x/3S4 compounds could be a good alternative to CdIn2S4 and In2S3 to improve CIGS/buffer interfaces with a compromise between photovoltaic conversion efficiency and cadmium content.

6.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 57(41): 13618-13623, 2018 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30133113

RESUMO

Layered transition metal compounds represent a major playground to explore unconventional electric or magnetic properties. In that framework, topochemical approaches that mostly preserve the topology of layered reactants have been intensively investigated to tune properties and/or design new materials. Topochemical reactions often involve the insertion or deinsertion of a chemical element accompanied by a change of oxidation state of the cations only. Conversely, cases where anions play the role of redox centers are very scarce. Here we show that the insertion of copper into two dimensional precursors containing chalcogen dimers (Q2 )2- (Q=S, Se) can produce layered materials with extended (CuQ) sheets. The reality of this topochemical reaction is demonstrated here for different pristine materials, namely La2 O2 S2 , Ba2 F2 S2 , and LaSe2 . Therefore, this work opens up a new synthetic strategy to design layered transition metal compounds from precursors containing polyanionic redox centers.

7.
Inorg Chem ; 56(19): 11779-11786, 2017 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28915017

RESUMO

The cationic and anionic disorder in the Cu2ZnSnSe4-Cu2ZnSnS4 (CZTSe-CZTS) system has been investigated through a chemical crystallography approach including X-ray diffraction (in conventional and resonant setup), 119Sn and 77Se NMR spectroscopy, and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) techniques. Single-crystal XRD analysis demonstrates that the studied compounds behave as a solid solution with the kesterite crystal structure in the whole S/(S + Se) composition range. As previously reported for pure sulfide and pure selenide compounds, the 119Sn NMR spectroscopy study gives clear evidence that the level of Cu/Zn disorder in mixed S/Se compounds depends on the thermal history of the samples (slow cooled or quenched). This conclusion is also supported by the investigation of the 77Se NMR spectra. The resonant single-crystal XRD technique shows that regardless of the duration of annealing step below the order-disorder critical temperature the ordering is not a long-range phenomenon. Finally, for the very first time, HREM images of pure selenide and mixed S/Se crystals clearly show that these compounds have different microstructures. Indeed, only the mixed S/Se compound exhibits a mosaic-type contrast which could be the sign of short-range anionic order. Calculated images corroborate that HRTEM contrast is highly dependent on the nature of the anion as well as on the local anionic order.

8.
Inorg Chem ; 55(6): 2923-8, 2016 Mar 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26942451

RESUMO

The iron selenide compound Ba2F2Fe(1.5)Se3 was synthesized by a high-temperature ceramic method. The single-crystal X-ray structure determination revealed a layered-like structure built on [Ba2F2](2+) layers of the fluorite type and iron selenide layers [Fe(1.5)Se3](2-). These [Fe1.5Se3](2-) layers contain iron in two valence states, namely, Fe(II+) and Fe(III+) located in octahedral and tetrahedral sites, respectively. Magnetic measurements are consistent with a high-spin state for Fe(II+) and an intermediate-spin state for Fe(III+). Moreover, susceptibility and resistivity measurements demonstrate that Ba2F2Fe(1.5)Se3 is an antiferromagnetic insulator.

9.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 17(23): 15088-92, 2015 Jun 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25990030

RESUMO

Bulk compounds, prepared via the ceramic route, related to Cu2ZnSnSe4 (CZTSe), a material considered for use in photovoltaic devices, were investigated using NMR spectroscopy, electron-probe microanalyses and X-ray diffraction. These materials adopt the kesterite structure regardless of the Cu and Zn contents. It is also shown that the stability domain of the copper-poor quaternary phases is wider for selenide derivatives than for sulphides. Finally, the Cu/Zn disorder level in CZTSe is found to be higher when the samples are quenched, which is reminiscent of the behaviour of the parent sulphide compounds CZTS.

10.
Inorg Chem ; 53(16): 8646-53, 2014 Aug 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25069473

RESUMO

The material Cu2ZnSn(S,Se)4 (CZTS) offers a promising indium-free alternative to Cu(In,Ga)Se2 for the absorber layer in thin-film solar cells. It is known that the highest solar energy conversion efficiencies are reached for Cu-poor, Zn-rich CZTS compositions and that too much disorder at the Cu and Zn sites can have a negative impact on the device performance. In this article, we investigate the structures of [VCu + ZnCu] A-type and [2ZnCu + ZnSn] B-type defect complexes and their impact on the long-range Cu/Zn disorder. To that end, we use (119)Sn, (65)Cu, and (67)Zn solid-state NMR and Raman spectroscopy to characterize powdered CZTS samples. For both A- and B-type substitutions, our NMR investigations demonstrate the clustering of the complexes. Moreover, we show that (A+B)-type compounds should be considered as A-type and B-type compounds, since no interaction seems to exist between [VCu + ZnCu] and [2ZnCu + ZnSn] defect complexes. In addition, it is worth noting that [2ZnCu + ZnSn] complexes have only a minor impact on the level of disorder at the Cu and Zn sites. In contrast, [VCu + ZnCu] complexes seem to restrain the random distribution of Cu at the Zn site and of Zn at the Cu site; i.e., the long-range Cu/Zn disorder. Raman characterization of the CZTS samples was also conducted. The Q = I287/I303 and the newly introduced Q' = I338/(I366 + I374) ratios determined from Raman spectra collected at 785 nm turn out to be very sensitive to the level of Cu/Zn disorder. Moreover, they can be used to differentiate the nature of the substitution in slow-cooled materials.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24675608

RESUMO

Cu/Zn disorder in the kesterite Cu2ZnSnS4 derivatives used for thin film based solar cells is an important issue for photovoltaic performances. Unfortunately, Cu and Zn cannot be distinguished by conventional laboratory X-ray diffraction. This paper reports on a resonant diffraction investigation of a Cu2ZnSnS4 single crystal from a quenched powdered sample. The full disorder of Cu and Zn in the z = 1/4 atomic plane is shown. The structure, namely disordered kesterite, is then described in the I42m space group.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24109422

RESUMO

In the title compound, 2C6H11N2 (+)·P2Se8 (2-) or [EMIM]2P2Se8 (EMIM = 1-ethyl-3-methyl-imidazolium), the anions, located about inversion centers between EMIM cations, exhibit a cyclo-hexane-like chair conformation. The cations are found in columns along the a axis, with centroid-centroid distances of 3.8399 (3) and 4.7530 (2) Å. The observed P-Se distances and Se-P-Se angles agree with other salts of this anion.

13.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 15(26): 10722-5, 2013 Jul 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23728239

RESUMO

For the very first time, (67)Zn, (119)Sn and (65)Cu NMR investigations have been carried out on Cu2ZnSnS4 derivatives (CZTS) for photovoltaic applications. NMR spectroscopy is shown to be sensitive enough to probe the Cu/Zn disorder within the kesterite structure of the studied compounds. In addition, reference spectra of Cu2ZnSnS4 are provided, and experimental (67)Zn and (65)Cu parameters are compared with ab initio calculations.

14.
Inorg Chem ; 52(11): 6440-9, 2013 Jun 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23679344

RESUMO

Ultrathin Ag2Mo3O10·2H2O nanowires (NWs) were synthesized by soft chemistry under atmospheric pressure from a hybrid organic-inorganic polyoxometalate (CH3NH3)2[Mo7O22] and characterized by powder X-ray diffraction, DSC/TGA analyses, FT-IR and FT-Raman spectroscopies, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Their diameters are a few tens of nanometers and hence much thinner than that found for silver molybdates commonly obtained under hydrothermal conditions. The optical properties of Ag2Mo3O10·2H2O NWs before and after UV irradiation were investigated by UV-vis-NIR diffuse reflectance spectroscopy revealing, in addition to photoreduction of Mo(6+) to Mo(5+) cations, in situ photogeneration of well-dispersed silver Ag(0) nanoparticles on the surface of the NWs. The resulting Ag@Ag2Mo3O10·2H2O heterostructure was confirmed by electron energy-loss spectroscopy (EELS), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and Auger spectroscopy. Concomitant reduction of Mo(6+) and Ag(+) cations under UV excitation was discussed on the basis of electronic band structure calculations. The Ag@Ag2Mo3O10·2H2O nanocomposite is an efficient visible-light-driven plasmonic photocatalyst for degradation of Rhodamine B dye in aqueous solution.


Assuntos
Molibdênio/química , Nanofios/química , Oxigênio/química , Prata/química , Estrutura Molecular , Tamanho da Partícula , Propriedades de Superfície , Água/química
15.
Adv Mater ; 25(23): 3222-6, 2013 Jun 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23649904

RESUMO

A striking universality in the electric-field-driven resistive switching is shown in three prototypical narrow-gap Mott systems. This model, based on key theoretical features of the Mott phenomenon, reproduces the general behavior of this resistive switching and demonstrates that it can be associated with a dynamically directed avalanche. This model predicts non-trivial accumulation and relaxation times that are verified experimentally.

16.
Acta Crystallogr B ; 68(Pt 5): 480-92, 2012 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22992793

RESUMO

The crystal structures of two very close, but distinct complex minerals of the lead sulfosalt group have been solved: sterryite, Cu(Ag,Cu)(3)Pb(19)(Sb,As)(22)(As-As)S(56), and parasterryite, Ag(4)Pb(20)(Sb,As)(24)S(58). They are analyzed and compared according to modular analysis. The fundamental building block is a complex column centred on a Pb(6)S(12) triangular prismatic core, with two additional long and short arms. The main chemical and topological differences relate to the short arm, which induces a relative a/4 shift (~2 Å along the elongation parameter) of the constitutive rod layers, as illustrated by distinct cell settings within the same space group (P2(1)/n and P2(1)/c, respectively). Selection of the shortest (i.e. strongest) (Sb,As)-S bonds permitted to enhance the polymeric organization of (Sb,As) atoms with triangular pyramidal coordination. These two quasi-homeotypic structures are expanded derivatives of owyheeite, Ag(3)Pb(10)Sb(11)S(28). The hierarchy of organization levels from zero- to three-dimensional entities is subordinated to building operators, which appear as the driving force for the construction of such complex structures. Minor cations (Ag, Cu) or the As-As pair in sterryite secure the final locking, which favours the formation of one or the other compound.

17.
Inorg Chem ; 49(18): 8305-9, 2010 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20726515

RESUMO

Three new compounds (enH)(6+n)Cu(40)Sn(15)S(60) (1), (enH)(3)Cu(7)Sn(4)S(12) (2), and (trenH(3))Cu(7)Sn(4)S(12) (tren = tris(2-aminoethyl)amine) (3) containing Cu(8)S(12) and Cu(7)SnS(12) clusters have been prepared from direct solvothermal reaction of the elements in amine solvents. In 1, the cubic close-packed arrangement of Cu(8)S(12) clusters, interconnected by capping SnS(4) tetrahedra and CuS(3) triangles, form two interpenetrating channel networks that are presumably filled with disordered solvent molecules. Structures 2 and 3 contain well-ordered, protonated amine molecules and Cu(7)SnS(12) clusters. The clusters are connected by SnS(4) tetrahedra to form a three-dimensional structure with ReO(3) topology. (119)Sn Mössbauer measurement is consistent with Sn(IV) atoms linking, and Sn(II) atoms within, the mixed-metal Cu(7)SnS(12) clusters.

18.
Inorg Chem ; 48(7): 2985-92, 2009 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19236008

RESUMO

The reduction of the ammonium nickel phosphate NiNH(4)PO(4) x H(2)O precursor into nickel phosphide (Ni(2)P), a highly active phase in hydrotreating catalysis, was studied using a combination of magnetic susceptibility and in situ X-ray diffraction and X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) techniques. The transformation of NiNH(4)PO(4) x H(2)O into Ni(2)P could be divided into three distinguishable zones: (1) from room temperature to 250 degrees C, the NiNH(4)PO(4) x H(2)O structure was essentially retained; (2) from 300 to 500 degrees C, only an amorphous phase was observed; (3) above 500 degrees C, a crystallization process occurred with the formation of Ni(2)P. An in situ XAS study and magnetic susceptibility measurements clearly revealed for the first time that the amorphous region corresponds to the nickel pyrophosphate phase alpha-Ni(2)P(2)O(7). The phosphate reduction into phosphide did not start before 550 degrees C and led to the selective formation of Ni(2)P at 650 degrees C.

19.
Inorg Chem ; 46(23): 9584-90, 2007 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17929802

RESUMO

The structures of the new oxysulfide Ruddlesden-Popper phases La2LnMS2O5 (Ln=La, Y; M=Nb, Ta) are reported together with an iodide-containing variant: La3-xNb1+xS2O5I2x (0

20.
Acta Crystallogr C ; 59(Pt 6): i55-6, 2003 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12794320

RESUMO

Dilanthanum triniobium disulfide octaoxide, La(2)Nb(3)S(2)O(8), crystallizes in the orthorhombic space group Pnnm and is isostructural with the Ln(2)Ta(3)X(2)O(8) (Ln = La, Ce, Pr and Nd, and X = S and Se) family of tantalum compounds. Nb(4+) and Nb(5+) ions co-exist in the structure and occupy different crystallographic sites. While the Nb(4+) ions are found in mixed oxygen and sulfur octahedra, the Nb(5+) ions are found in oxygen-only octahedra.

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